Synthesis of DOTA-pyridine chelates for 64Cu coordination and radiolabeling of αMSH peptide Yang, Hua; Gao, Feng; McNeil, Brooke; Zhang, Chengcheng; Yuan, Zheliang; Zeisler, Stefan; Kumlin, Joel; Zeisler, Jutta; Bénard, François; Ramogida, Caterina F.; Schaffer, Paul
Background: ⁶⁴Cu is one of the few radioisotopes that can be used for both imaging and therapy, enabling theranostics with identical chemical composition. Development of stable chelators is essential to harness the potential of this isotope, challenged by the presence of endogenous copper chelators. Pyridyl type chelators show good coordination ability with copper, prompting the present study of a series of chelates DOTA-xPy (x = 1–4) that sequentially substitute carboxyl moieties with pyridyl moieties on a DOTA backbone. Results: We found that the presence of pyridyl groups significantly increases ⁶⁴Cu labeling conversion yield, with DOTA-2Py, −3Py and -4Py quantitatively complexing ⁶⁴Cu at room temperature within 5 min (1 × 10⁻⁴ M). [⁶⁴Cu]Cu-DOTA-xPy (x = 2–4) exhibited good stability in human serum up to 24 h. When challenged with 1000 eq. of NOTA, no transmetallation was observed for all three ⁶⁴Cu complexes. DOTA-xPy (x = 1–3) were conjugated to a cyclized α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (αMSH) peptide by using one of the pendant carboxyl groups as a bifunctional handle. [⁶⁴Cu]Cu-DOTA-xPy-αMSH retained good serum stability (> 96% in 24 h) and showed high binding affinity (Ki = 2.1–3.7 nM) towards the melanocortin 1 receptor. Conclusion: DOTA-xPy (x = 1–3) are promising chelators for ⁶⁴Cu. Further in vivo evaluation is necessary to assess the full potential of these chelators as a tool to enable further theranostic radiopharmaceutical development.
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