Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements of the Flow-Diverting Effects of a New Generation of the eCLIPs Implant for the Treatment of Intracranial Bifurcation Aneurysms G. Yazdi, Sina; Mercier, Daniel; Bernard, Renee; Tynan, Adam; Ricci, Donald R.
Flow diverters (FDs) for the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms are effective for sidewall aneurysms, but their use at a bifurcation is problematic because FDs only partially cover the aneurysm neck and impede flow into a daughter branch; they are thus not employed routinely in this anatomy. eCLIPs was developed as a non-tubular implant to completely cover the neck of an aneurysm and serve as a coil retention device necessary for the adequate treatment of wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms. eCLIPs has shown some flow diversion effects in bifurcation anatomy but not equal to those exhibited by clinically accepted flow diverters in sidewall anatomy. A new generation of eCLIPs implant, the eCLIPs bifurcation flow diverter (eBFD), with higher metal coverage, was developed to achieve a similar flow diversion as a Pipeline Embolization Device (PED), a prototypical FD. Particle image velocimetry was used to capture the fluid dynamics and velocity reduction within silicone aneurysm replicas. A circulatory mimicking loop was developed to circulate the flow through the silicone models. All generations of eCLIPs implants had some flow-diverting effect, with increasing metal coverage density of the implant proportionately increasing the flow diversion effect. The eBFD, with a metal density of 35%, showed greater flow diversion than PED, with 30% metal density, for bifurcation anatomy. The eBFD showed similar reduction of flow in a bifurcation anatomy to PED in a sidewall, both sufficient to permit early thrombosis of the aneurysm. Thus, the eBFD can potentially provide sufficient flow diversion for the treatment of bifurcation aneurysms to avoid adjunctive coiling.
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