UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Engagement in primary health care among marginalized people who use drugs in Ottawa, Canada Kendall, Claire E; Boucher, Lisa M; Donelle, Jessy; Martin, Alana; Marshall, Zack; Boyd, Rob; Oickle, Pam; Diliso, Nicola; Pineau, Dave; Renaud, Brad; LeBlanc, Sean; Tyndall, Mark; Bayoumi, Ahmed M


Background: There may be less primary health care engagement among people who use drugs (PWUD) than among the general population, even though the former have greater comorbidity and more frequent use of emergency department care. We investigated factors associated with primary care engagement among PWUD. Methods: The Participatory Research in Ottawa: Understanding Drugs (PROUD) cohort study meaningfully engaged and trained people with lived experience to recruit and survey marginalized PWUD between March–December 2013. We linked this survey data to provincial-level administrative databases held at ICES. We categorized engagement in primary care over the 2 years prior to survey completion as: not engaged (

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