UBC Faculty Research and Publications

The association between the seasonality of pediatric pandemic influenza virus outbreak and ambient meteorological factors in Shanghai Li, Yanbo; Ye, Xiaofang; Zhou, Ji; Zhai, Feng; Chen, Jie


Background and objectives: The number of pediatric patients diagnosed with influenza types A and B is increasing annually, especially in temperate regions such as Shanghai (China). The onset of pandemic influenza viruses might be attributed to various ambient meteorological factors including temperature, relative humidity (Rh), and PM₁ concentrations, etc. The study aims to explore the correlation between the seasonality of pandemic influenza and these factors. Methods: We recruited pediatric patients aged from 0 to 18 years who were diagnosed with influenza A or B from July 1st, 2017 to June 30th, 2019 in Shanghai Children’s Medical Centre (SCMC). Ambient meteorological data were collected from the Shanghai Meteorological Service (SMS) over the same period. The correlation of influenza outbreak and meteorological factors were analyzed through preliminary Pearson’s r correlation test and subsequent time-series Poisson regression analysis using the distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM). Results: Pearson’s r test showed a statistically significant correlation between the weekly number of influenza A outpatients and ambient meteorological factors including weekly mean, maximum, minimum temperature and barometric pressure (P 

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