An Integrative Approach to Assessing Diet–Cancer Relationships Murphy, Rachel
The relationship between diet and cancer is often viewed with skepticism by the public and health professionals, despite a considerable body of evidence and general consistency in recommendations over the past decades. A systems biology approach which integrates ‘omics’ data including metabolomics, genetics, metagenomics, transcriptomics and proteomics holds promise for developing a better understanding of how diet affects cancer and for improving the assessment of diet through biomarker discovery thereby renewing confidence in diet–cancer links. This review discusses the application of multi-omics approaches to studies of diet and cancer. Considerations and challenges that need to be addressed to facilitate the investigation of diet–cancer relationships with multi-omic approaches are also discussed.
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