UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Phase Field Modelling of Abnormal Grain Growth Liu, Ying; Militzer, Matthias; Perez, Michel

Abstract

Heterogeneous grain structures may develop due to abnormal grain growth during processing of polycrystalline materials ranging from metals and alloys to ceramics. The phenomenon must be controlled in practical applications where typically homogeneous grain structures are desired. Recent advances in experimental and computational techniques have, thus, stimulated the need to revisit the underlying growth mechanisms. Here, phase field modelling is used to systematically evaluate conditions for initiation of abnormal grain growth. Grain boundaries are classified into two classes, i.e., high- and low-mobility boundaries. Three different approaches are considered for having high- and low-mobility boundaries: (i) critical threshold angle of grain boundary disorientation above which boundaries are highly mobile, (ii) two grain types A and B with the A–B boundaries being highly mobile, and (iii) three grain types, A, B and C with the A–B boundaries being fast. For these different scenarios, 2D simulations have been performed to quantify the effect of variations in the mobility ratio, threshold angle and fractions of grain types, respectively, on the potential onset of abnormal grain growth and the degree of heterogeneity in the resulting grain structures. The required mobility ratios to observe abnormal grain growth are quantified as a function of the fraction of high-mobility boundaries. The scenario with three grain types (A, B, C) has been identified as one that promotes strongly irregular abnormal grains including island grains, as observed experimentally.

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