UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Use of sildenafil in an infant with persistent pulmonary hypertension secondary to lung and renal hypoplasia – a case report Lavie-Nevo, Karen; Harris, Kevin C; Ting, Joseph Y


Background: Premature preterm rupture of membranes (PPROM) is reported to be associated with high rates of neonatal mortality and morbidity. Sildenafil has been used in infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn (PPHN) due to congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Recently, Sildenafil has been evaluated as an alternative or adjunctive pulmonary vasodilator. This case report illustrates the use of early sildenafil for PPHN and right ventricular dysfunction in an unusual setting of lung and renal hypoplasia. Case presentation: A male infant was born at 37 weeks with a birth weight of 2840 g. Rupture of membranes developed at approximately 24 weeks of gestational age (GA). Bilateral small kidneys (

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