UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Testing population-based performance measures identifies gaps in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) care Barber, Claire E; Lix, Lisa M; Lacaille, Diane; Marshall, Deborah A; Kroeker, Kristine; Benseler, Susanne; Twilt, Marinka; Schmeling, Heinrike; Barnabe, Cheryl; Hazlewood, Glen S; Bykerk, Vivian; Homik, Joanne; Thorne, J. C; Burt, Jennifer; Mosher, Dianne; Katz, Steven; Shiff, Natalie J


Background: The study evaluates Performance Measures (PMs) for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA): The percentage of patients with new onset JIA with at least one visit to a pediatric rheumatologist in the first year of diagnosis (PM1); and the percentage of patients with JIA under rheumatology care seen in follow-up at least once per year (PM2). Methods: Validated JIA case ascertainment algorithms were used to identify cases from provincial health administrative databases in Manitoba, Canada in patients  12 and > 14 months between consecutive visits were also calculated. Results: One hundred ninety-four incident JIA cases were diagnosed between 01/04/2008 and 03/31/2015. The median age at diagnosis was 9.1 years and 71% were female. PM1: Across the years, 51–81% of JIA cases saw a pediatric rheumatologist within 1 year. PM2: Between 58 and 78% of patients were seen in yearly follow-up. Gaps > 12, and > 14, months were observed once during follow-up in 52, and 34%, of cases, and ≥ twice in 11, and 5%, respectively. Conclusions: Suboptimal access to pediatric rheumatologist care was observed which could lead to diagnostic and treatment delays and lack of consistent follow-up, potentially negatively impacting patient outcomes.

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