UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Effect of short-term oral prednisone therapy on blood gene expression: a randomised controlled clinical trial Takiguchi, Hiroto; Chen, Virginia; Obeidat, Ma’en; Hollander, Zsuzsanna; FitzGerald, J. M; McManus, Bruce M; Ng, Raymond T; Sin, Don D


Background: Effects of systemic corticosteroids on blood gene expression are largely unknown. This study determined gene expression signature associated with short-term oral prednisone therapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its relationship to 1-year mortality following an acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD). Methods: Gene expression in whole blood was profiled using the Affymetrix Human Gene 1.1 ST microarray chips from two cohorts: 1) a prednisone cohort with 37 stable COPD patients randomly assigned to prednisone 30 mg/d + standard therapy for 4 days or standard therapy alone and 2) the Rapid Transition Program (RTP) cohort with 218 COPD patients who experienced AECOPD and were treated with systemic corticosteroids. All gene expression data were adjusted for the total number of white blood cells and their differential cell counts. Results: In the prednisone cohort, 51 genes were differentially expressed between prednisone and standard therapy group at a false discovery rate of

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