UBC Faculty Research and Publications

SDF-1/CXCR4 axis enhances the immunomodulation of human endometrial regenerative cells in alleviating experimental colitis Li, Xiang; Lan, Xu; Zhao, Yiming; Wang, Grace; Shi, Ganggang; Li, Hongyue; Hu, Yonghao; Xu, Xiaoxi; Zhang, Baoren; Ye, Kui; et al.


Endometrial regenerative cells (ERCs) are a new type of mesenchymal-like stromal cells, and their therapeutic potential has been tested in a variety of disease models. SDF-1/CXCR4 axis plays a chemotaxis role in stem/stromal cell migration. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of SDF-1/CXCR4 axis in the immunomodulation of ERCs on the experimental colitis. The immunomodulation of ERCs in the presence or absence of pretreatment of SDF-1 or AMD3100 was examined in both in vitro cell culture system and dextran sulphate sodium-induced colitis in mice. The results showed that SDF-1 increased the expression of CXCR4 on the surface of ERCs. As compared with normal ERCs, the SDF-1-treated, CXCR4 high-expressing ERCs more significantly suppressed dendritic cell population as well as stimulated both type 2 macrophages and regulatory T cells in vitro and in vivo. Meanwhile, SDF-1-pretreated ERCs increased the generation of anti-inflammatory factors (e.g., IL-4, IL-10) and decreased the pro-inflammatory factors (e.g., IL-6, TNF-α). In addition, SDF-1-pretreated CM-Dil-labeled ERCs were found to engraft to injured colon. Our results may suggest that an SDF-1-induced high level of CXCR4 expression enhances the immunomodulation of ERCs in alleviating experimental colitis in mice.

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