UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Characterization of Precursor-Dependent Steroidogenesis in Human Prostate Cancer Models Deb, Subrata; Pham, Steven; Ming, Dong-Sheng; Chin, Mei Yieng; Adomat, Hans; Hurtado-Coll, Antonio; Gleave, Martin; Guns, Emma S. Tomlinson

Abstract

Castration-resistant prostate tumors acquire the independent capacity to generate androgens by upregulating steroidogenic enzymes or using steroid precursors produced by the adrenal glands for continued growth and sustainability. The formation of steroids was measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in LNCaP and 22Rv1 prostate cancer cells, and in human prostate tissues, following incubation with steroid precursors (22-OH-cholesterol, pregnenolone, 17-OH-pregnenolone, progesterone, 17-OH-progesterone). Pregnenolone, progesterone, 17-OH-pregnenolone, and 17-OH-progesterone increased C21 steroid (5-pregnan-3,20-dione, 5-pregnan-3,17-diol-20-one, 5-pregnan-3-ol-20-one) formation in the backdoor pathway, and demonstrated a trend of stimulating dihydroepiandrosterone or its precursors in the backdoor pathway in LNCaP and 22Rv1 cells. The precursors differentially affected steroidogenic enzyme messenger RNA (mRNA) expressions in the cell lines. The steroidogenesis following incubation of human prostate tissue with 17-OH-pregnenolone and progesterone produced trends similar to those observed in cell lines. Interestingly, the formation of C21 steroids from classical pathway was not stimulated but backdoor pathway steroids (e.g., 5-pregnan-3,20-dione, 5-pregnan-3-ol-20-one) were elevated following incubations with prostate tissues. Overall, C21 steroids were predominantly formed in the classical as well as backdoor pathways, and steroid precursors induced a diversion of steroidogenesis to the backdoor pathway in both cell lines and human prostate tissue, and influenced adaptive steroidogenesis to form C21 steroids.

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