UBC Faculty Research and Publications

An Active Viewing Framework for Video-Based Learning Dodson, Samuel; Roll, Ido; Fong, Matthew; Yoon, Dongwook; Harandi, Negar M.; Fels, Sidney


Video-based learning is most effective when students are engaged with video content; however, the literature has yet to identify students’ viewing behaviors and ground them in theory. This paper addresses this need by introducing a framework of active viewing, which is situated in an established model of active learning to describe students’ behaviors while learning from video. We conducted a field study with 460 undergraduates in an Applied Science course using a video player designed for active viewing to evaluate how students engage in passive and active video-based learning. The concept of active viewing, and the role of interactive, constructive, active, and passive behaviors in videobased learning, can be implemented in the design and evaluation of video players.

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