UBC Faculty Research and Publications

DICER1 hotspot mutations in ovarian gynandroblastoma Wang, Yemin; Karnezis, Anthony N.; Magrill, Jamie; Tessier-Cloutier, Basile; Lum, Amy; Senz, Janine; Gilks, C. Blake; Glenn, McCluggage; Huntsman, David G.; Kommoss, Friedrich

Abstract

AIMS: Gynandroblastoma is a rare ovarian sex cord-stromal tumor characterized by the presence of both male (Sertoli and/or Leydig cells) and female (granulosa cells) components. We investigated the mutational status of DICER1, FOXL2 and AKT1 genes at hotspot regions that are known to be the key driving events in the development of Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor (SLCT), adult granulosa cell tumor (aGCT) and juvenile granulosa cell tumor (jGCT), respectively, to gain insights into the molecular pathogenesis of gynandroblastoma. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixteen cases of gynandroblastoma were studied. All contained SLCT or Sertoli cell tumor components. aGCT and jGCT components were identified in seven and ten cases, respectively, with one presenting both components. Heterozygous hotspot mutations in the RNase IIIb domain of DICER1 were discovered in three cases including one case with heterologous mucinous elements, all of which were composed of moderately or poorly differentiated SLCT and jGCT components, and harbored the mutations in both histologic components. None of the sixteen cases displayed mutations at the p.C134W (c.402CàG) of FOXL2 or within the pleckstrin-homology domain of AKT1. All cases showed FOXL2 immunostaining in both male and female components. CONCLUSION: DICER1 hotspot mutation is the key-driving event in a subset of gynandroblastomas containing components of SLCT and jGCT. Gynandroblastomas composed of SLCT and jGCT may represent the morphological variants of SLCT. The molecular basis of gynandroblastoma containing a component of aGCT is different from pure aGCT.

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