UBC Faculty Research and Publications

The Effect of Wedge and Tibial Slope Angles on Knee Contact Pressure and Kinematics Following Medial Opening-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy Black, Marianne Susan; d’Entremont, Agnes Germaine; McCormack, Robert G.; Hansen, Gregory; Carr, Derek; Wilson, David R.

Abstract

Background: High tibial osteotomy is a surgical procedure to treat medial compartment osteoarthritis in varus knees. The reported success rates of the procedure are inconsistent, which may be due to sagittal plane alignment of the osteotomy. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of changing tibial slope, for a range of tibial wedge angles in high tibial osteotomy, on knee joint contact pressure location and kinematics during continuous loaded flexion/extension. Methods: Seven cadaveric knee specimens were cycled through flexion and extension in an Oxford knee-loading rig. The osteotomy on each specimen was adjusted to seven clinically relevant wedge and slope combinations. We used pressure sensors to determine the position of the centre of pressure in each compartment of the tibial plateau and infrared motion capture markers to determine tibiofemoral and patellofemoral kinematics. Findings: In early knee flexion, a 5 degree increase in tibial slope shifted the centre of pressure in the medial compartment anteriorly by 7mm for a 15 degree wedge (p

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