UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Accuracy of 177Lu activity quantification in SPECT imaging: a phantom study Uribe, Carlos F; Esquinas, Pedro L; Tanguay, Jesse; Gonzalez, Marjorie; Gaudin, Emilie; Beauregard, Jean-Mathieu; Celler, Anna

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study is to assess accuracy of activity quantification of 177Lu studies performed according to recommendations provided by the committee on Medical Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) pamphlets 23 and 26. The performances of two scatter correction and three segmentation methods were compared. Additionally, the accuracy of tomographic and planar methods for determination of the camera normalization factor (CNF) was evaluated. Eight phantoms containing inserts of different sizes and shapes placed in air, water, and radioactive background were scanned using a Siemens SymbiaT SPECT/CT camera. Planar and tomographic scans with 177Lu sources were used to measure CNF. Images were reconstructed with our SPEQToR software using resolution recovery, attenuation, and two scatter correction methods (analytical photon distribution interpolated (APDI) and triple energy window (TEW)). Segmentation was performed using a fixed threshold method for both air and cold water scans. For hot water experiments three segmentation methods were compared as folows: a 40% fixed threshold, segmentation based on CT images, and our iterative adaptive dual thresholding (IADT). Quantification error, defined as the percent difference between experimental and true activities, was evaluated. Results: Quantification error for scans in air was better for TEW scatter correction (

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