Philippine Marine Fisheries Catches : A Bottom-up Reconstruction, 1950 to 2010 Palomares, Maria Lourdes D.; Pauly, D. (Daniel)
In this volume of the Fisheries Centre Research Reports, a methodology is therefore presented which allows an independent estimation of artisanal catches based on observed daily catches of artisanal fishers, multiplied by annual numbers of days fished and time-series of number of fishers, this procedure being applied separately in four different parts (‘subzones’) of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the Philippines. Also, due emphasis was given to subsistence catches (i.e., catches primarily destined for household consumption), notably reef gleaning, and marine recreational fisheries, which are not covered at all by official statistics. These studies, presented here in the form of separate chapters, are then pulled together in a synthesis chapter which presents our estimation of the total marine catches of the Philippines from 1950 to 2010. Overall, our estimate is 26% lower than the total reported by the Philippines to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). In this, the Philippines differs from other countries in Southeast Asia, and from developing countries in general, whose reconstructed catch is usually higher – often two times or more – than their officially reported catch. This should have consequences, and we elaborate on this on the final synthesis chapter of this report.
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