UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Cold shock Y-box protein-1 proteolysis autoregulates its transcriptional activities van Roeyen, Claudia R; Scurt, Florian G; Brandt, Sabine; Kuhl, Vanessa A; Martinkus, Sandra; Djudjaj, Sonja; Raffetseder, Ute; Royer, Hans-Dieter; Stefanidis, Ioannis; Dunn, Sandra E; Dooley, Steven; Weng, Honglei; Fischer, Thomas; Lindquist, Jonathan A; Mertens, Peter R


Background: The Y-box protein-1 (YB-1) fulfills pleiotropic functions relating to gene transcription, mRNA processing, and translation. It remains elusive how YB-1 shuttling into the nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments is regulated and whether limited proteolysis by the 20S proteasome releases fragments with distinct function(s) and subcellular distribution(s). Results: To address these questions, mapping of domains responsible for subcellular targeting was performed. Three nuclear localization signals (NLS) were identified. NLS-1 (aa 149-156) and NLS-2 (aa 185-194) correspond to residues with unknown function(s), whereas NLS-3 (aa 276-292) matches with a designated multimerization domain. Nuclear export signal(s) were not identified. Endoproteolytic processing by the 20S proteasome before glycine 220 releases a carboxy-terminal fragment (CTF), which localized to the nucleus, indicating that NLS-3 is operative. Genotoxic stress induced proteolytic cleavage and nuclear translocation of the CTF. Co-expression of the CTF and full-length YB-1 resulted in an abrogated transcriptional activation of the MMP-2 promoter, indicating an autoregulatory inhibitory loop, whereas it fulfilled similar trans-repressive effects on the collagen type I promoter. Conclusion: Compartmentalization of YB-1 protein derivatives is controlled by distinct NLS, one of which targets a proteolytic cleavage product to the nucleus. We propose a model for an autoregulatory negative feedback loop that halts unlimited transcriptional activation.

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