UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Variations in rates of nosocomial infection among Canadian neonatal intensive care units may be practice-related Aziz, Khalid; McMillan, Douglas D; Andrews, Wayne; Pendray, Margaret; Qiu, Zhenguo; Karuri, Stella; Lee, Shoo K


Background: Nosocomial infection (NI), particularly with positive blood or cerebrospinal fluid bacterial cultures, is a major cause of morbidity in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Rates of NI appear to vary substantially between NICUs. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for NI, as well as the risk-adjusted variations in NI rates among Canadian NICUs. Methods From January 1996 to October 1997, data on demographics, intervention, illness severity and NI rates were submitted from 17 Canadian NICUs. Infants admitted at 48 hrs in hospital. Results 765 (23.5%) of 3253 infants

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