UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Suburban Energy Balance Estimates for Vancouver, B.C., Using the Bowen Ratio-Energy Balance Approach. Kalanda, B. D.; Oke, Timothy R.; Spittlehouse, D. L.


The energy balance of a suburban site in Vancouver, B.C. in late summer is presented. The balance is obtained from direct measurements of net radiation, parameterized heat storage and turbulent fluxes determined according to the Bowen ratio-energy balance method with reversing psychrometers. An error analysis shows the turbulent fluxes are good to within 10–20% by day. Features of the suburban energy balance are found to be intermediate between those previously reported for urban and rural surfaces. Average daytime Bowen ratios are usually in the range 0.5–1.0 with some days as high as 2.5. The daytime sensible heat flux is in-phase with the net radiation. At night this flux is sometimes positive. Evapotranspiration is always an important term in the balance. The role of urban irrigation and microscale heat advection in maintaining evapotranspiration rates is discussed. Copyright 1980 American Meteorological Society (AMS). Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 USC §108, as revised by P.L. 94-553) does not require the AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a web site or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, requires written permission or a license from the AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy, available on the AMS Web site located at (http://www.ametsoc.org/) or from the AMS at 617-227-2425 or copyright@ametsoc.org.

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