UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Growing Season Water Balance Model Applied to Two Douglas Fir Stands Black, T. Andrew; Spittlehouse, D. L.


The forest water balance model presented requires only daily solar radiation, maximum and minimum air temperature, and rainfall as the input weather data. Site parameters are root zone depth, soil water retention and drainage characteristics, estimated canopy leaf area index, and the coefficients of the evapotranspiration and rainfall interception submodels. The evapotranspiration submodel calculates the forest evapotranspiration rate as the lesser of energy-limited and soil-limited rates. The former is calculated from the 24-hour net radiation and the latter from the fraction of extractable water in the root zone. Solar radiation and air temperature are used to calculate net radiation. Interception is calculated from the daily rainfall. The root zone is treated as a single layer with drainage calculated as a function of the root zone water content. Water deficits and the matric potential of the root zone are used to indicate tree Water stress. The model was tested on two Douglas fir stands of different stand density and leaf area index. The coefficients used in the evapotranspiration submodel were found to be the same for both stands. It was also found that over 20% of the growing season rainfall was lost through interception. An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright 1981a American Geophysical Union.

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