Responses of net ecosystem exchanges of carbon dioxide to changes in cloudiness: Results from two North American deciduous forests Gu, Lianhong; Fuentes, Jose D.; Shugart, Herman H.; Staebler, Ralf M.; Black, T. Andrew
We analyzed half-hourly tower-based flux measurements of carbon dioxide (CO2) from a boreal aspen forest and a temperate mixed deciduous forest in Canada to examine the influences of clouds on forest carbon uptake. We showed that the presence of clouds consistently and significantly increased the net ecosystem exchanges (NEE) of CO2 of both forests from the level under clear skies. The enhancement varied with cloudiness, solar elevation angles, and differed between the two forests. For the aspen forest the enhancement at the peak ranged from about 30% for the 20°–25° interval of solar elevation angles to about 55% for the 55°–60° interval. For the mixed forest the enhancement at the peak ranged from more than 60% for the 30°–35° interval of solar elevation angles to about 30% for the 65°–70° interval. Averaged over solar elevation angles >20°, the aspen and mixed forests had the maximal NEE at the irradiance equivalent to 78 and 71% of the clear-sky radiation, respectively. The general patterns of current sky conditions at both sites permit further increases in cloudiness to enhance their carbon uptake. We found that both forests can tolerate exceedingly large reductions of solar radiation (53% for the aspen forest and 46% for the mixed forest) caused by increases in cloudiness without lowering their capacities of carbon uptake. We suggest that the enhancement of carbon uptake under cloudy conditions results from the interactions of multiple environmental factors associated with the presence of clouds. An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright 1999 American Geophysical Union.
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