Hydraulic Physical Modeling and Observations of a Severe Gap Wind. Finnigan, Timothy D.; Vine, Jason A.; Jackson, Peter L.; Allen, Susan E.; Lawrence, Gregory A.; Steyn, Douw G.
Strong gap winds in Howe Sound, British Columbia, are simulated using a small-scale physical model. Model results are presented and compared with observations recorded in Howe Sound during a severe gap wind event in December 1992. Hydraulic theory is utilized to explain along-channel variation in wind. Field observations affirm the findings of the physical modeling with both, indicating the presence and location of controls and hydraulic jumps in the wind layer. Hydraulic behavior is found to change as the synoptic pressure gradient and the flow rate increase. In particular, field results indicate two distinct hydraulic situations: one during relatively weak wind, the other, which is more strongly controlled, during the period of peak wind. An additional comparison is made with output from the computer model hydmod of Jackson and Steyn. Numerical simulations, configured for the conditions present in Howe Sound during the December 1992 event, indicate channel hydraulics (and thus spatial wind speed variation) closely resembling the physical model and field results. Copyright 1994 American Meteorological Society (AMS). Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 USC §108, as revised by P.L. 94-553) does not require the AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a web site or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, requires written permission or a license from the AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy, available on the AMS Web site located at (http://www.ametsoc.org/) or from the AMS at 617-227-2425 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
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