World Sanskrit Conference (WSC) (17th : 2018)

Upāyas for Eternal Bliss in the Traita Philosophy T. R., Gowri


The realization of the self is at the core of all the philosophies that have their origins in what is geographically present-day India. The three philosophies of the Sanātana dharma emphasize on attainment of mokṣa through “yoga.” Jñāna, prapatti and karma yoga are the means to mokṣa in Advaita, Viśiṣṭādvaita, and Dvaita respectively. The technique of Traita is as simple as the aspirant is comfortable in a position to realize Śiva. The continuous practice of dhāraṇā and being able to sustain in the state of being Bhairava beyond the state of samādhi is mokṣa. The Traita declares Bhairava as the absolute and Śakti is an indistinguishable aspect of Śiva, through whom Bhairava can be realized. The paper here tries to bring out the essence of the means/upāyas as outlined for realization, with a special reference to the text Vijñānabhairava in the Rudrayāmala tantra.

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