World Sanskrit Conference (WSC) (17th : 2018)

Svārthika Suffixes vs. Endocentric Taddhita Derivatives Wielińska-Soltwedel, Małgorzata

Abstract

Neither the term svārthika nor svārtha is taught or used by Pāṇini. The word svārthe appears for the first time in Kātyāyana’s vārttikas and svārthika in Patañjali’s commentary. Patañjali does not restrict the usage of these terms exclusively to the secondary suffixes as is usually the case in later Pāṇinian tradition. For him, the feminine suffixes ṭābādi are svārthika and he regards the intensive suffix yaṄ and the desiderative suffix saN as svārthe added, in which he partly follows Kātyāyana. The big shift in understanding of both of these terms can be seen in the Kāśikā. While for Patañjali, apart from the samāsānta (and ṭābādi) suffixes, only single suffixes are svārthika (or svārthe added), Jayāditya states that the svārthika suffixes begin with the rule A 5.3.1. His view is shared by most of the later grammarians, even if the borders of various svārthikaprakaraṇas could suggest some difference of opinion on that topic. The purpose of this paper is, firstly, to examine how the grammarians beginning with Kātyāyana and Patañjali characterize the svārthika suffixes and whether the suffixes taught in A 5.3. and 5.4. are really covered by these remarks. In the second step this traditional description will be compared with the modern concept of endocentric derivatives and the question will be discussed whether this new approach offers a better description of the suffixes taught in A 5.3. and 5.4. than the traditional term svārthika and, as a final point, why this is not the case.

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