HYDRATE INHIBITION VIA COLD FLOW - NO CHEMICALS OR INSULATION Turner, Doug; Talley, Larry
Nonadhesive hydrate slurries have been shown to exhibit low viscosities in a field-scale flow loop when formed under appropriate conditions. The factors that favor formation of low-viscosity hydrate slurries include high Reynolds Number and Capillary Number, and high mass transfer and heat transfer rates. High liquid loading and high superficial fluid velocities are found to be conducive to the formation of low viscosity hydrate slurries. Dispersed bubble flow has been observed to facilitate flowable hydrate slurry production. Alternatively, the formation of nonadhesive hydrates at moderate superficial velocity is possible when a static mixer is used upstream of the hydrate formation location. For certain fields, low-viscosity hydrate slurry technology could eliminate the need for insulation and hydrate inhibitor chemicals (revised version of ICGH 2008 paper 5818) .
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