HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER DURING NONEQUILIBRIUM DECOMPOSITION OF HYDRATE PELLET. Yoon, Yong Seok; Song, Myung Ho; Kang, Jung Ho; Englezos, Peter
Mathematical model, which depicts on macroscopic scale the physical phenomena occurring during the decomposition of gas hydrate, was set up and applied to the spherical methane hydrate pellet decomposing into ice. Initially, porous hydrate pellet is at uniform temperature and pressure within hydrate stable region. The pressure starts to decrease at t=0 with a fixed rate down to the final pressure and is kept constant afterwards. The bounding surface of pellet is heated by convection. Governing equations are based on the conservation principles, the phase equilibrium relation, equation of gas state and phase change kinetics. The single-domain approach and volume average formulation are employed to take into account transient change of local pressure, volumetric liberation of latent enthalpy, and convective heat and mass transfer accompanied by the decomposed gas flow through hydrate/ice solid matrix. The algorithm called “enthalpy method” is extended to deal with non-equilibrium phase change and utilized to determine local phase volume fractions. Predicted results suggest that the present numerical implementation is capable of predicting essential features of heat and mass transfer during non-equilibrium decomposition of hydrate pellet.
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