THE EFFECT OF SURFACTANT ON THE MORPHOLOGY OF METHANE/PROPANE CLATHRATE HYDRATE CRYSTALS. Yoslim, Jeffry; Englezos, Peter
In the present study the effect of one commercially available anionic surfactant on the formation/dissociation of hydrate from a gas mixture of 90.5 % methane – 9.5% propane mixture was investigated. Surfactants are known to increase gas hydrate formation rate. Memory water was used and the experiments were carried out at three different degrees of undercooling and two different surfactant concentrations. In addition, the effect of the surfactant on storage capacity of gas into hydrate was assessed. The morphology of the growing crystals and the gas consumption were observed during the experiments. The results show that branches of porous fibre-like crystals are formed instead of dendritic crystals in the absence of any additive. Finally, the addition of 2200 ppm of SDS was found to increase the mole consumption for hydrate formation by 4.4 times.
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