EFFECT OF SDS AND THF ON FORMATION OF METHANE-CONTAINING HYDRATES IN PURE WATER Bin, Dou; Zhang, Ling; Wu, Xiang; Ning, Fulong; Tu, Yunzhong; Jiang, Guosheng
Gas hydrate formation generally involves gas dissolution, formation of nuclei and growth of new nucleus. On condition of synthesizing experiments without agitation, the formation of hydrate nuclei is comparatively difficult and needs an induction period which is considerably uncertain and random. Some additives such as surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) can increase the formation rate and reduce the induction time. A hydrate formation and mini drilling experimental system was used to carry on methane hydrate formation experiments with small quantity of SDS and SDS- tetrahydrofuran(THF) in deionized water. The reactor is a high pressure cell (40Mpa) made of titanium alloy with 4 transparent windows and an inner volume of about 2.8 liters. The effect of SDS and THF hydrate on the formation rate and amount of methane hydrate was studied by comparative testing and analyzing the collected data of temperature and pressure. According to the results of the tests, the formation rate of methane hydrate in the SDS-THF solution was faster than that in the SDS solution. As a water-soluble hydrate former, THF hydrate nucleation may be benefit of methane hydrate nucleation. A small amount of SDS and THF could dramatically promote the formation of methane hydrate in the pure water, and rapidly increase the amount of methane hydrate too. Therefore, a great deal of time for experiment was saved, which established a good basis for the coming mini drilling and drilling fluid experiments.
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