PALEO HYDRATE AND ITS ROLE IN DEEP WATER PLIO-PLEISTOCENE GAS RESERVOIRS IN KRISHNA-GODAVARI BASIN, INDIA Kundu, Nishikanta; Pal, Nabarun; Sinha, Neeraj; Budhiraja, IL
Discovery of natural methane hydrate in deepwater sediments in the east-coast of India have generated significant interest in recent times. This work puts forward a possible relationship of multi-TCF gas accumulation through destabilization of paleo-hydrate in Plio-Pleistocene deepwater channel sands of Krishna-Godavari basin, India. Analysis of gas in the study area establishes its biogenic nature, accumulation of which is difficult to explain using the elements of conventional petroleum system. Gas generated in sediments by methanogenesis is mostly lost to the environment, can however be retained as hydrate under suitable conditions. Longer the time a layer stayed within the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ) greater is the chance of retaining the gas which can be later released by change in P-T conditions due to sediment burial. P-T history for selected stratigraphic units from each well is extracted using 1-D burial history model and analyzed. Hydrate stability curves for individual units through time are generated and overlain in P-T space. It transpired that hydrate formation and destabilization in reservoir units of same stratigraphic level in different wells varies both in space and time. Presence of paleo hydrates is confirmed by the occurrence of authigenic carbonate cement and low-saline formation water. We demonstrate how gas released by hydrate destabilization in areas located at greater water depths migrates laterally and updip along the same stratigraphic level to be entrapped in reservoirs which is outside the GHSZ. In areas with isolated reservoirs with poor lateral connectivity, the released gas may remain trapped if impermeable shale is overlain before the destabilization of hydrate. The sequence of geological events which might have worked together to form this gas reservoir is: deposition of organic rich sediments → methanogenesis → gas hydrate formation → destabilization of hydrate and release of gas → migration and entrapment in reservoirs.
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