An ontology-supported transaction formalism protocol in infrastructure management Zeb, Jehan; Froese, Thomas M.
Infrastructure organizations use diversified information systems to exchange data (transaction). Presently, data exchange in the area of infrastructure management is accomplished in a manual and ad hoc basis. The growing trend is to transform these manual data exchanges to a computer-to-computer based exchange of information. “How to formalize these data exchanges or transactions?” is the core research question, which was dealt with developing and applying an ontology-supported Transaction Formalism Protocol (TFP). The proposed solution is composed of two parts: ontology and protocol. Two ontologies, the Transaction Domain Ontology and Tangible Capital Asset ontology, were developed using an eleven-step methodology to represent transaction knowledge and Tangible Capital Asset knowledge respectively to support the design and implementation of transactions in infrastructure management. The proposed TFP is an eight-step procedure developed using a four-step methodology from two perspectives: the TFP Specification modelled each step of the protocol as a function for which inputs, controls, mechanisms, tools/techniques, and outputs were defined, whereas the TFP Tool includes a set of forms and guidance developed for specific steps of the protocol. The TFP was applied to develop transaction specifications for the Asset Inventory and Condition Assessment Reporting/Tangible Capital Asset (AI&CAR/TCA) Reporting, which was implemented in the Asset Information Integrator System for the exchange of Tangible Capital Asset information between the municipal and provincial governments. The main contributions of this research work include the development of the two ontologies, protocol, and Asset Integrator Information System.
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