TY - THES
AU - Van Coller, Lynn
PY - 1995
TI - Qualitative analyses of ecological models : an automated dynamical systems approach
KW - Thesis/Dissertation
LA - eng
M3 - Text
AB - Ecological models and qualitative analyses of these models can give insight into the most
important mechanisms at work in an ecological system. However, the mathematics required
for a detailed analysis of the behaviour of a model can be formidable. In this
thesis I demonstrate how various computer packages can aid qualitative analyses by implementing
techniques from dynamical systems theory. I analyse a number of continuous
and discrete models to demonstrate the kinds of results and information that can be
obtained.
I begin with three fairly simple predator-prey models in order to introduce the terminology
and techniques and to demonstrate the reliability of the computer software. I then
look at a more practical system dynamics model of a sheep-pasture-hyrax-lynx system
and compare the techniques with a traditional sensitivity analysis. A ratio-dependent
model is the focus of the next chapter. The analysis highlights some of the biological
implausibilities and mathematical difficulties associated with these models. Two discrete
population genetics models are considered in the following chapters. The techniques are
able to deal with the complex nonlinearities and lead to insights into the conditions under
which stable homomorphisms and polymorphisms occur. The final example is a complicated
discrete model of the spruce budworm-forest defoliating system. The mechanisms
responsible for insect outbreaks and the relative effects of dispersal and predation are
studied.
In all the cases the techniques lead to a better understanding of the interactions
between various processes in the system than was possible using traditional techniques.
In two cases the results suggest improvements in the formulations of the models. The techniques also identify parameters or processes which are crucial for determining model
behaviour. All these results are obtained fairly easily with the use of the computer
packages and do not require an extensive mathematical knowledge of dynamical systems
theory or intensive mathematical manipulations.
N2 - Ecological models and qualitative analyses of these models can give insight into the most
important mechanisms at work in an ecological system. However, the mathematics required
for a detailed analysis of the behaviour of a model can be formidable. In this
thesis I demonstrate how various computer packages can aid qualitative analyses by implementing
techniques from dynamical systems theory. I analyse a number of continuous
and discrete models to demonstrate the kinds of results and information that can be
obtained.
I begin with three fairly simple predator-prey models in order to introduce the terminology
and techniques and to demonstrate the reliability of the computer software. I then
look at a more practical system dynamics model of a sheep-pasture-hyrax-lynx system
and compare the techniques with a traditional sensitivity analysis. A ratio-dependent
model is the focus of the next chapter. The analysis highlights some of the biological
implausibilities and mathematical difficulties associated with these models. Two discrete
population genetics models are considered in the following chapters. The techniques are
able to deal with the complex nonlinearities and lead to insights into the conditions under
which stable homomorphisms and polymorphisms occur. The final example is a complicated
discrete model of the spruce budworm-forest defoliating system. The mechanisms
responsible for insect outbreaks and the relative effects of dispersal and predation are
studied.
In all the cases the techniques lead to a better understanding of the interactions
between various processes in the system than was possible using traditional techniques.
In two cases the results suggest improvements in the formulations of the models. The techniques also identify parameters or processes which are crucial for determining model
behaviour. All these results are obtained fairly easily with the use of the computer
packages and do not require an extensive mathematical knowledge of dynamical systems
theory or intensive mathematical manipulations.
UR - https://open.library.ubc.ca/collections/831/items/1.0079984
ER - End of Reference