TY - ELEC
AU - Zachary Kilpatrick
PY - 2019
TI - Adaptive evidence accumulation across multi-trial timescales
LA - eng
M3 - Moving Image
AB - Natural environments can have dynamics spanning multiple timescales, and the evidence animals use to make decisions is often relevant to future decisions. To understand decision-making under these conditions we analyze how a model ideal observer accumulates evidence to freely make choices across a sequence of correlated trials. We use principles of probabilistic inference to show that an ideal observer incorporates information obtained on one trial as an initial bias on the next. This bias decreases the time, but not the accuracy of the next decision. Furthermore, in finite sequences of trials the rate of reward is maximized when the observer deliberates longer for early decisions, but responds more quickly towards the end of the sequence. Our model also explains experimentally observed patterns in decision times and choices, providing a mathematically principled foundation for evidence-accumulation models of sequential decisions.
N2 - Natural environments can have dynamics spanning multiple timescales, and the evidence animals use to make decisions is often relevant to future decisions. To understand decision-making under these conditions we analyze how a model ideal observer accumulates evidence to freely make choices across a sequence of correlated trials. We use principles of probabilistic inference to show that an ideal observer incorporates information obtained on one trial as an initial bias on the next. This bias decreases the time, but not the accuracy of the next decision. Furthermore, in finite sequences of trials the rate of reward is maximized when the observer deliberates longer for early decisions, but responds more quickly towards the end of the sequence. Our model also explains experimentally observed patterns in decision times and choices, providing a mathematically principled foundation for evidence-accumulation models of sequential decisions.
UR - https://open.library.ubc.ca/collections/48630/items/1.0385517
ER - End of Reference