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Legislative Assembly","attrs":{"lang":"en","ns":"http:\/\/purl.org\/dc\/terms\/creator","classmap":"dpla:SourceResource","property":"dcterms:creator"},"iri":"http:\/\/purl.org\/dc\/terms\/creator","explain":"A Dublin Core Terms Property; An entity primarily responsible for making the resource.; Examples of a Contributor include a person, an organization, or a service."}],"DateAvailable":[{"label":"DateAvailable","value":"2017","attrs":{"lang":"en","ns":"http:\/\/purl.org\/dc\/terms\/issued","classmap":"edm:WebResource","property":"dcterms:issued"},"iri":"http:\/\/purl.org\/dc\/terms\/issued","explain":"A Dublin Core Terms Property; Date of formal issuance (e.g., publication) of the resource."}],"DateIssued":[{"label":"DateIssued","value":"[1950]","attrs":{"lang":"en","ns":"http:\/\/purl.org\/dc\/terms\/issued","classmap":"oc:SourceResource","property":"dcterms:issued"},"iri":"http:\/\/purl.org\/dc\/terms\/issued","explain":"A Dublin Core Terms Property; Date of formal issuance (e.g., publication) of the resource."}],"DigitalResourceOriginalRecord":[{"label":"DigitalResourceOriginalRecord","value":"https:\/\/open.library.ubc.ca\/collections\/bcsessional\/items\/1.0340714\/source.json","attrs":{"lang":"en","ns":"http:\/\/www.europeana.eu\/schemas\/edm\/aggregatedCHO","classmap":"ore:Aggregation","property":"edm:aggregatedCHO"},"iri":"http:\/\/www.europeana.eu\/schemas\/edm\/aggregatedCHO","explain":"A Europeana Data Model Property; The identifier of the source object, e.g. the Mona Lisa itself. This could be a full linked open date URI or an internal identifier"}],"FileFormat":[{"label":"FileFormat","value":"application\/pdf","attrs":{"lang":"en","ns":"http:\/\/purl.org\/dc\/elements\/1.1\/format","classmap":"edm:WebResource","property":"dc:format"},"iri":"http:\/\/purl.org\/dc\/elements\/1.1\/format","explain":"A Dublin Core Elements Property; The file format, physical medium, or dimensions of the resource.; Examples of dimensions include size and duration. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the list of Internet Media Types [MIME]."}],"FullText":[{"label":"FullText","value":" PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA\nDIVISION OF\nTUBERCULOSIS CONTROL\nof the Public Health Branch\nDepartment of Health and Welfare\nANNUAL REPORT\nFor the Year 1948\nVICTORIA, B.C. :\nPrinted by Don MuDuiiMin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.\n1049. Department of Health and Welfare,\nPublic Health Branch,\nVictoria, B.C., August 1st, 1949.\nThe Honourable G. S. Pearson,\nMinister of Health and Welfare, Victoria, B.C.\nSir,\u2014I beg to submit the Annual Report on the work of the Division of Tuberculosis Control of the Department of Health and Welfare for the year January 1st to\nDecember 31st, 1948.\nAll of which is respectfully submitted.\nI have the honour to be,\nSir,\nYour obedient servant,\nG. F. AMYOT, M.D., D.P.H.,\nDeputy Minister of Health. Department of Health and Welfare,\nPublic Health Branch,\nDivision of Tuberculosis Control,\n2647 Willow Street,\nVancouver, B.C., August 1st, 1949.\nG. F. Amyot, Esq., M.D., D.P.H.,\nDeputy Minister of Health, Victoria, B.C.\nSir,\u2014I beg to submit the Annual Report on the work of the Division of Tuberculosis Control of the Department of Health and Welfare for the year January 1st to\nDecember 31st, 1948.\nAll of which is respectfully submitted.\nI have the honour to be,\nSir,\nYour obedient servant,\nW. H. HATFIELD, M.D.,\nDirector, Division of Tuberculosis Control. <\nu\nO\n_j\n<\nI\n>\nat\ni\/i TABLE OF CONTENTS.\nPage.\nLetter of Transmittal 3\nLetter of Transmittal 4\nOrganization of the Division of Tuberculosis Control 5\nList of Tables 9\nList of Charts 12\nIntroduction 15\n(a) Clinics 16\n(6) Institutions 16\n(c) Nursing 17\n(d) Social Service , 17\n(e) Rehabilitation 18\n(\/) Local Health Services 18\n(g) Budget 18\n(h) Conclusion 18\nStatistical Section 19\n(a) Clinics 21\n(&) New Cases examined by Clinics 31\n(c) General Summaries 34\n(d) Institutions\u2014Summaries 39\n(e) Institutions\u2014Discharges 52\n(\/) Tuberculin Testing 55\n(g) Known Cases of Tuberculosis 58\n(h) Notifications of Tuberculosis 64\n(i) Tuberculosis Mortality 79 INDEX.\nLIST OF TABLES.\nClinics.\nPage.\nTable 1.\u2014Clinics held in British Columbia, showing Time spent at each Centre,\n1948 22\nTable 2.\u2014Diagnostic and Treatment Clinic Report, 1948 25\nTable 3.\u2014Report of Survey Clinics, 1948 27\nTable 4.\u2014New Examinations and Re-examinations during the Years 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive (excluding Indians) 28\nTable 5.\u2014New Cases examined by Clinics by Diagnosis, 1948 (excluding Indians) 31\nTable 6.\u2014New Cases other than Negative examined by Diagnostic Clinics by\nDiagnosis, Sex, and Age-group, 1948 (excluding Indians) 32\nTable 7.\u2014Number of X-ray Examinations (Chest and Other) made by Institutions,\nStationary Clinics, and Travelling Clinics, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 34\nGeneral Summaries.\nTable 8.\u2014General Summaries, 1948 \u2014 X-ray Report for Stationary Clinics and\nInstitutions 34\nTable 9.\u2014General Summaries, 1948\u2014Laboratory Report 35\nTable 10.\u2014Number of Bronchoscopies by Institutions and Clinics, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive 37\nTable 11.\u2014General Summaries, 1948\u2014Dental Report 37\nTable 12.\u2014General Summaries, 1948\u2014Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Report 38\nTable 13,\nTable 14,\nTable 15,\nTable 16,\nTable 17,\nTable 18,\nTable 19,\nTable 20,\nTable21,\nTable 22,\nTable 23,\nTable 24,\nTable 25,\nTable 26,\nInstitutions\u2014Sum m aries.\n-Institutions\u2014General Summary, 1948 39\n-Number of Pneumothoraces (Initial and Refill) given by Institutions,\nStationary Clinics, and Travelling Clinics, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 41\n-Institutions\u2014Patient Status, 1948 41\n-Admissions by Age and Percentage of Total Admissions in each Age-\ngroup, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 42\n 44\n 45\n 45\n 47\n-Admissions by Diagnosis, Sex, and Age, 1948\t\n-Admissions by Diagnosis, Sex, and Racial Origin, 1948\n-Admissions by Diagnosis, Sex, and Type of Case, 1948 _..\n-First Admissions by Institution and Diagnosis, 1948\t\n-First Admissions by Diagnosis (Percentage Distribution) for the Years\n1944 to 1948, inclusive 49\n-First Admissions by Diagnosis, Sex, and Time between Application and\nAdmission, 1948 49\n-Institutional Patient-days of the Division of Tuberculosis Control for\nthe Years 1944 to 1948, inclusive _'_ 51\n-Admissions to Institutions by Year of Arrival in British Columbia,\nDiagnosis and Type of Case, 1948 51\nInstitutions\u2014Discharges.\n-Discharges from Institutions by Condition on Discharge, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive 52\n-Discharges from Institutions by Condition on Discharge, Sex, and Length\nof Treatment during Previous Admissions, 1948 53\n9 M 10 department of health and welfare.\nPage.\nTable 27.\u2014Discharges from Institutions by Condition on Discharge, Sex, and Length\nof Last Stay in Institution, 1948 54\nTable 28.\u2014Discharges from Institutions by Condition on Discharge, Sex, and Home\nCondition, 1948 54\nTuberculin Testing.\nTable 29.\u2014Tuberculin Testing Results by Racial Origin and Age-groups, 1948 55\nTable 30.\u2014Tuberculin Testing Results by Type of Survey, 1948 56\nTable 31.\u2014Tuberculin Testing Results by Age-group and Diagnosis, 1948 57\nKnown Cases of Tuberculosis.\nTable 32.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis among the Total Population of British\nColumbia by Statistical Area, as at December 31st, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive 58\nTable 33.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis among the Other-than-Indian Population\nof British Columbia, by Statistical Area, as at December 31st, 1944\nto 1948, inclusive 58\nTable 34.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis among the Indian Population of British\nColumbia, by Statistical Area, as at December 31st, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive 58\nTable 35.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis by Area and City of Residence and Sex,\n1948 (excluding Indians) 59\nTable 36.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis by Area and City of Residence and Sex,\n1948 (Indians only) 60\nTable 37.\u2014Rate per 100,000 Population of Known Cases of Tuberculosis in British\nColumbia by Age-groups and Sex, 1948 (excluding Indians) 61\nTable 38.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis by Type of Infection, Present Condition,\nand Age-group, 1948 (excluding Indians) 62\nTable 39.\u2014Ratio of Known Cases of Tuberculosis to Deaths from Tuberculosis\namong the Total Population of British Columbia, the Other-than-\nIndian Population, and the Indian Population, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive 63\nNotifications of Tuberculosis (Form T.B. 1).\nTable 40.\u2014New Cases of Tuberculosis among the Total Population of British\nColumbia, by Statistical Area, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 64\nTable 41.\u2014New Cases of Tuberculosis among the Other-than-Indian Population of\nBritish Columbia, by Statistical Area, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 64\nTable 42.\u2014New Cases of Tuberculosis among the Indian Population of British\nColumbia, by Statistical Area, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 65\nTable 43.\u2014Incidence per 1,000 Population of New Cases of Tuberculosis among the\nTotal Population of British Columbia, the Other-than-Indian Population, and the Indian Population, 1948 65\nTable 44.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis by Statistical Area and City of Residence\nand Sex, 1948 (excluding Indians) 66\nTable 45.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis by Statistical Area and City of Residence\nand Sex, 1948 (Indians only) 69\nTable 46.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Racial Groups\n(including Dead Cases reported for the First Time), 1939 to 1948,\ninclusive 72 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948. M 11\nPage.\nTable 47.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Age-groups, Sex,\nand Racial Groups (including Dead Cases reported for the First\nTime), 1948 73\nTable 48.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Diagnosis, 1948 74\nTable 49.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Age-groups, Sex,\nand Diagnosis, 1948 (excluding Indians) 75\nTable 50.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Age-groups, Sex,\nand Diagnosis, 1948 (Indians only) 76\nTable 51.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Diagnosis and Year\nof Arrival in British Columbia, 1948 (excluding Indians) 77\nTable 52.\u2014Ratio of New Cases of Tuberculosis to Deaths from Tuberculosis in\nBritish Columbia, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 79\nTable 53.\u2014Ratio of New Cases of Tuberculosis to Deaths from Tuberculosis among\nthe Total Population of British Columbia, the Other-than-Indian\nPopulation, and the Indian Population, 1948 79\nTuberculosis Mortality.\nTable 54.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Rate per 100,000 Population for the Total\nPopulation of British Columbia, by Statistical Area, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive 79\nTable 55.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Rate per 100,000 Population for the Other-\nthan-Indian Population of British Columbia, by Statistical Area,\n1944 to 1948, inclusive 80\nTable 56.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Rate per 100,000 Population for the Indian\nPopulation of British Columbia, by Statistical Area, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive 80\nTable 57.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality by Statistical Area and City of Residence and\nSex, 1948 (excluding Indians) 81\nTable 58.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality by Statistical Area and City of Residence and\nSex, 1948 (Indians only) 82\nTable 59.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality by Diagnosis and Age-groups, 1948 83\nTable 60.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Rate per 100,000 Population for the Total\nPopulation of British Columbia, the Indian, Chinese, and Japanese\nPopulations, and the Population excluding Indians and Orientals,\n1939 to 1948, inclusive : 84\nTable 61.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality for the Total Population of British Columbia by\nAge-groups, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 86\nTable 62.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality for the Total Population of British Columbia by\nAge-groups, Averages for Five-year Periods 1940-44 to 1944-48,\ninclusive 87\nTable 63.\u2014Male Tuberculosis Mortality Rates for the Total Population of British\nColumbia by Age-groups, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 89\nTable 64.\u2014Female Tuberculosis Mortality Rates for the Total Population of British\nColumbia by Age-groups, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 90\nTable 65.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Rate per 100,000 Population for the Other-\nthan-Indian Population of British Columbia by Sex and Age-groups,\n1939 to 1948, inclusive 91\nTable 66.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality for the Other-than-Indian Population by Length\nof Residence in British Columbia and Place of Death, 1948 95 M 12\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nLIST OF CHARTS.\nPage.\nChart 1.\u2014Showing the Organization of the Division of Tuberculosis Control 5\nChart 2.\u2014Showing New Examinations and Re-examinations by all Clinics during\nthe Years 1939 to 1948, inclusive (excluding Indians) 29\nChart 3.\u2014Showing New Examinations and Re-examinations by Stationary Clinics\nduring the Years 1939 to 1948, inclusive (excluding Indians) 30\nChart 4.\u2014Showing New Examinations and Re-examinations by Travelling Clinics\nduring the Years 1939 to 1948, inclusive (excluding Indians) 31\nChart 5.\u2014Showing the Number of X-ray Examinations (Chest and Other) made\nby Institutions, Stationary Clinics, and Travelling Clinics, 1939 to\n1948, inclusive 33\nChart 6.\u2014Showing the Number of Bronchoscopies given by Institutions and\nClinics, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 36\nChart 7.\u2014Showing the Number of Pneumothoraces (Initial and Refill) given by\nInstitutions, Stationary Clinics, and Travelling Clinics, 1944 to\n1948, inclusive 40\nChart 8.\u2014Showing Admissions to Institutions by Age on Admission and Percentage of Total Admissions in each Age-group, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive 42\nChart 9.\u2014Showing Admissions to Institutions by Diagnosis and Age on Admission, 1948 43\nChart 10.\u2014Showing First Admissions to Institutions by Institution and Diagnosis,\n1948 46\nChart 11.\u2014Showing First Admissions to Institutions by Diagnosis (Percentage\nDistribution) for the Years 1944 to 1948, inclusive 48\nChart 12.\u2014Showing the Institutional Patient-days of the Division of Tuberculosis\nControl for the Years 1939 to 1948, inclusive 50\nChart 13.\u2014Showing Discharges from Institutions by Condition on Discharge, 1944\nto 1948, inclusive 52\ntart 14.\u2014Showing the Rate per 100,000 Population of Known Cases of Tubercu\nlosis in British Columbia, by Age-groups and Sex, 1948 (excluding\nIndians) 61\n-Showing the Ratio of Known Cases of Tuberculosis to Deaths from\nTuberculosis among the Total Population of British Columbia, the\nthe Other-than-Indian Population, and the Indian Population, 1944\nto 1948, inclusive 63\nChart 16.\u2014Showing Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Racial\nGroups (including Dead Cases reported for the First Time), 1939\nto 1948, inclusive 71\nChart 17.\u2014Showing Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Diagnosis, 1948 74\nChart 18.\u2014Showing the Ratio of New Cases of Tuberculosis to Deaths from Tuberculosis in British Columbia, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 78\nChart 19.\u2014Showing the Tuberculosis Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population for\nthe Total Population of British Columbia, the Indian, Chinese, and\nJapanese Populations, and the Population excluding Indians and\nOrientals, 1939 to 1948, inclusive 85\nChart 20.\u2014Showing Tuberculosis Mortality for the Total Population of British\nColumbia by Age-groups, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 86\nChart 21.\u2014Showing Tuberculosis Mortality for the Total Population of British\nColumbia by Age-groups, Averages for Five-year Periods, 1940-44\nto 1944-48, inclusive 87 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948. M 13\nPage.\nChart 22.\u2014Showing Tuberculosis Deaths for the Other-than-Indian Population and\nthe Indian Population of British Columbia by Place of Death, 1948 88\nChart 23.\u2014Showing Male Tuberculosis Mortality Rates for the Total Population\nof British Columbia by Age-groups, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 89\nChart 24.\u2014Showing Female Tuberculosis Mortality Rates for the Total Population\nof British Columbia by Age-groups, 1944 to 1948, inclusive 90\nChart 25.\u2014Showing Male Tuberculosis Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population for\nthe Other-than-Indian Population of British Columbia by Age-\ngroups, 1939 to 1948, inclusive 93\nChart 26.\u2014Showing Female Tuberculosis Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population\nfor the Other-than-Indian Population of British Columbia by Age-\ngroups, 1939 to 1948, inclusive 94 Report of the Division of Tuberculosis Control, 1948.\nW. H. Hatfield, Director.\nINTRODUCTION.\nThe Division of Tuberculosis Control is pleased to report considerable\nimprovement in its programme during the year 1948. The most urgent problem\nhas been that of insufficient bed facilities. In order to handle the tuberculosis\nproblem in British Columbia adequately, it will be necessary to have approximately 500 more beds than are available at the present time. It is hoped that\nthe money that has now been allotted will complete 250 beds of the proposed\n500-bed unit. Plans for this new institution in Vancouver have been completed,\nand it is hoped that construction will be started early in 1949.\nThe addition to the Vancouver unit, which will house new surgical and\nteaching facilities and an auditorium, is nearing completion, and it is hoped to\nhave this unit in full operation by March, 1949.\nA number of additions and changes that have been previously recommended\nfor the Tranquille unit have been started during the year. New homes have\nbeen provided for the medical staff, and an addition to the nurses' home is under\nway. Further internal improvements have been carried out in the existing\nbuildings.\nThe announcement from Ottawa that grants are to be made to the Provinces\nfor expansion of services has allowed for certain new developments. A programme to cover a number of years has been planned and submitted to Ottawa\nin connection with these new grants, and at the end of the year certain projects\nhave been planned to expand the work of the Division in the year 1949.\nProjects that have been approved are:\u2014\n(1) Survey X-ray equipment to be loaned to local hospitals and health\nunits.\n(2) Occupational therapy for patients in their homes.\n(3) Equipment for the Tranquille unit.\n(4) Equipment for the surgical unit in Vancouver.\n(5) Postgraduate training.\n(6) Medical library.\nFrom time to time other projects will be submitted up to the amount of\nthe annual tuberculosis grant. All these new developments fit into a definite\npattern that has been planned over a period of time, and with the provision\nof adequate beds in the Province the tuberculosis-control programme will be\ncompletely rounded out. One of the most difficult situations with which the\nDivision has been confronted, however, is the problem of getting properly\ntrained medical staff to carry out the work of the institutions and clinics, and,\nto this end, reports have been submitted indicating the necessity for a complete\nrevision of medical salaries.\nIn the over-all picture of tuberculosis control in the Province it is encouraging to note that there has been a greater drop in the death rate this year than\nin any previous year in the history of the Province. The 1948 preliminary\n15 M 16 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\ntuberculosis mortality rate for the total population was 40.1 per 100,000, as\ncompared with 50.6 in 1947; for the other-than-Indian population, 28.5 in 1948\nand 36.9 in 1947; for the Indian population, 485.7 in 1948 and 588.9 in 1947.\nAlso, despite approximately the same number of people being X-rayed in the\nsurvey-work, there is a decrease in the number of new cases being found, and\na shift in these new cases from the younger to the older age-groups.\nWe are pleased to report at the end of the year that the Vancouver unit has\nbeen certified by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada as a\npostgraduate training centre in chest diseases.\nCLINICS.\nThe clinics operated by the Division during 1948 remained the same as\nin the previous year. It is unfortunate that it has been impossible to have\nphysicians attached to the travelling diagnostic clinics, except in one instance.\nThe employment of specialist physicians is necessary in order to carry out this\nwork, and with the salary rates that are presently paid it has been impossible\nto obtain such physicians for the service. It has been necessary for consulting\nservices to be confined to the taking of X-ray films in the rural areas and forwarding these to the main units of the Division for interpretation.\nThe stationary survey clinics continue to increase in the number of examinations, which in turn throws an increasing load on the stationary diagnostic\nclinics. This is particularly apparent in the Vancouver area.\nThe mobile units have carried on in the same pattern as previously, doing\nalmost the same volume of work as in 1947. The preliminary total examined\nby all survey clinics during the year was 184,509. Of that total, 1.7 per cent,\nwere referred to diagnostic clinics, which is slightly lower than the rate in\nprevious years. Of the group referred for further study, 428 or 14.02 per cent,\nwere diagnosed as tuberculous. These tuberculous diagnoses were as follows:\nPrimary, 1.6 per cent.; minimal, 65.4 per cent.; moderately advanced, 28.3 per\ncent.; far advanced, 4.7 per cent. Thus 0.2 per cent, of the total examined\nwere found to be tuberculous. Of those diagnosed, 139 required active treatment and, of those, at the end of the year 78 had been admitted to hospital.\nIn the diagnostic clinics 37,543 examinations were made, which is an\nincrease of 10.5 per cent, over the previous year and 33.7 per cent, over 1946.\nThe out-patient pneumothorax-work remains at a fairly constant level of 8,617\ntreatments during the year. The total number of examinations, including\nall clinics, both survey and diagnostic, was 222,318. Including out-patient\ntreatment-work, the total number of patient-visits to all clinics and survey units\nwas 231,121, which is a decrease from the previous year of 12,458.\nINSTITUTIONS.\nThe acute situation in regard to the number of beds still remains the same,\nalthough, as mentioned, plans have now been completed for the start of a new\ninstitution in the City of Vancouver. There has continued to be a long waiting\nlist for institutional care. Even when the cases on the waiting list are limited\nto acute, active pulmonary tuberculosis, there is still an interval of some months\nbetween date of application and date of admission to institution. As new\ninstitutions take time to build, it will probably be another eighteen months at a TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948. M 17\nminimum before any relief in the bed situation can be foreseen. In the meantime, improvements have been made in the existing institutions so as to be able\nto render more advanced forms of treatment and better service in general. The\nmost notable improvement is at the Vancouver unit, where the building provided by the British Columbia Tuberculosis Society will allow this institution to\ncarry out every form of active treatment for the tuberculous patient and will\nmake this one of the best-equipped and best all-round treatment units of its kind\nin North America.\nMany of the changes that have been recommended for the improvement\nof the facilities at Tranquille have been accomplished during the year. New\nhomes for the doctors have been completed. The much-needed addition to the\nnurses' home is well on its way to completion. The electric current has been\nchanged from direct to alternating. With further training of medical staff it\nhas been possible to do chest surgery again at Tranquille.\nThere have been no new developments at the Victoria unit.\nIt is necessary to report again that St. Joseph's Oriental Hospital, which is\nconsidered by the Division as unsatisfactory for the care of tuberculous patients,\nis still in operation. NURSING\nCorrelation of the various branches of the nursing service was effected on\na full-time basis approximately one year ago. It was necessary during the year\nto devote much time and effort to projects dealing with standardization of\npolicies and routines on a Provincial level.\nProgrammes for staff orientation and patient education were outlined\nand have been adapted to local circumstances in the various units. Further\nimprovement and expansion of the nursing service to meet present-day standards and progress in other phases of the tuberculosis programme will be possible\nthrough central planning based on helpful suggestions from the nurses in institutional, clinic, and district services.\nRecruitment of professional nurses has improved during the past few\nmonths. A total of 102 nurses are employed in the various branches of the\nDivision. The shortage of nurses at the Tranquille unit is less acute, as shown\nby the following comparative figures. In the Reports for 1946 and 1947 the\nnumber of professional nurses ranged from twenty-five to thirty-two, while at\nthe present time there are thirty-eight full-time and four half-time nurses.\nThe educational programme for undergraduate and postgraduate students\nis progressing favourably. Satisfactory progress is being made in reorganization of the course at the Victoria unit in accordance with recommendations for\nuniformity of policies and opportunities for students in both centres.\nThe Division, through the Vancouver and Jericho Beach units, is cooperating in providing clinical experience for the practical-nurse students\nenrolled in the one-year course at the Technical School in Vancouver. Participation in this project will benefit the various units of the Division by providing a\nsource of supply of auxiliary nursing personnel with uniform basic preparation.\nSOCIAL SERVICE.\nDuring 1948 the situation with regard to social service staff at the Tranquille unit did not improve, but it was possible to maintain staff in the other\nunits. M 18 ' DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nA short staff-training course was given, with the assistance of a member\nof the medical staff, who gave a series of talks on psychosomatic aspects of other\ndiagnostic groups than tuberculosis. It was also possible during the year to\nhave a psychiatrist as consultant for some problem cases in Vancouver.\nIn November, 1947, the Provincial Supervisor of Social Service was\nappointed to the Assessment Committee on Institutional Revenue. This contact\nhas proved very valuable in giving the Supervisor an opportunity to interpret\nto the members of the Committee some of the problems facing patients in\ntuberculosis institutions.\nDuring the year the boarding-home for women was closed, and so far has\nnot been replaced. Placement problems, not only with regard to women\npatients, but for long-term chronic patients who have intermittent positive\nsputum, have reached the point where there does not seem to be any possible\nplace for many of these patients to go.\nREHABILITATION.\nIt is planned during the forthcoming year for the Division to take over the\nrehabilitation-work initiated by the British Columbia Tuberculosis Society.\nLOCAL HEALTH SERVICES.\nFurther improvement in the local health service makes it possible to operate\nthe field-work of the Division more smoothly, and every co-operation has existed\nbetween the Division and local services.\nBUDGET.\nThere will be an increase in the Provincial expenditure for tuberculosis\nduring the forthcoming year, due to factors beyond the control of the Division;\nnamely, increased commodity prices and increased wages. Further increases\ndue to the expansion of facilities of the Division, such as routine X-ray examination of patients admitted to general hospitals, rehabilitation services, postgraduate courses, etc., will be provided under the new Federal health grants.\nThe only new facility to be opened during the forthcoming year which will be a\npart of Provincial expenditure is the addition to the Vancouver unit, the operating costs of which will be part of the Provincial Budget.\nCONCLUSION.\nAs reported in the previous year, all facilities of the Division are still taxed\nto the limit. Clinics are becoming overcrowded. In Vancouver this will be\nlargely rectified with the opening of the new addition, but the New Westminster\nclinic has reached a stage where additional space is essential.\nIn order to bring about further advances in the control of tuberculosis in\nthe Province, it is necessary to have a considerable number of additional beds.\nIt is sincerely hoped that by the end of another year it will be possible to report\nthat bed facilities are becoming more adequate to meet the need. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS\nfor the year January 1st to\nDecember 31st, 1948 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nCLINICS.\nMap of British Columbia, showing Statistical Publication Areas.\nM 21\nProvince of British Columbia\u2014\nPopulation, 1,082,000.\nArea, 366,255 square miles.\nTravelling clinics\u2014\nKootenay Clinic (Nelson)\u2014Statistical Areas 1 and 2.\nInterior Clinic (Kamloops)\u25a0\u2014Statistical Areas 3, 6, 8,10c, lOd.\nCoast Clinic (Vancouver)\u2014Statistical Areas 4, 7,9c, 9d, 9e.\nIsland Clinic (Victoria)\u2014Statistical Area 5.\nSurvey Clinic No. 1\u2014Vancouver and Interior.\nSurvey Clinic No. 2\u2014Vancouver.\nSurvey Clinic No. 3\u2014Vancouver Island. M 22\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nTable 1.\u2014Clinics held in British Columbia, showing Time spent\nat each Centre, 1948.\nTravelling Clinics.\nInterior.\nCentre visited. Days.\nAllenby 2\nArmstrong 2\nBurns Lake 2\nCopper Mountain 3\nDawson Creek\nEnderby \t\nFort St. John .\nHedley \t\nKamloops \t\nKelowna \t\nMerritt \t\nMcBride \t\nNickel Plate Mine\nOliver \t\n3\n2\n3\n1\n32\n14\n2\n1\n1\n2\nCentre visited. Days.\nPenticton 14\nPouce Coupe 1\nPrince George 14\nPrinceton 6\nQuesnel 6\nRevelstoke 6\nSalmon Arm 4\nSummerland 2\nVanderhoof 4\nVernon 14\nWells 4\nWilliams Lake 6\nTotal (26 centres).... 151\nCoast.\nCentre visited.\nAbbotsford \t\nAlert Bay \t\nAllco \t\nAshcroft \t\nDays.\n.. 7\n. 6\n_ 2\n._ 1\n1\nBridge River \t\nChilliwack 32\n 4\n 1\n 1\n 3\n 1\nGibsons Landing\nHazelton \t\nHope \t\nLillooet \t\nLytton \t\nCentre visited. Days.\nMarpole Infirmary 2\nMission 6\nNorth Vancouver 6\nOcean Falls 3\nPowell River 15\nPrince Rupert 14\nShalalth 1\nTerrace 2\nTotal (19 centres).... 108\nIsland.\nCentre visited. Days.\nCampbell River 9\nChemainus 8\nComox 20%\nCumberland 10\nDuncan 28%\nLadysmith 12\nLake Cowichan 5%\nKootenay\nCentre visited. Days.\nCranbrook 16%\nCreston 9%\nEmerald Mine 5%\nFernie 8%\nField 1%\nGalloway 2\nGolden 1%\nGrand Forks 5\nGreenwood 2\nInvermere %\nKaslo 2\nCentre visited. Days.\nMount St. Mary 2\nNanaimo 44%\nPort Alberni 28\nSaltspring Island %\nTotal (11 centres)... 168%\nCentre visited.\nKimberley \t\nMichel \t\nNakusp \t\nNelson \t\nNew Denver __\nRossland \t\nSheep Creek __\nTrail \t\nDays.\n_ 8\n4\n5%\n32%\n2\n8%\n2\n16\nWardner 2\nTotal (20 centres).__. 135 tuberculosis cont\nTable 1.\u2014Clinics held in British\nat each Centre, 1\nMobile t\nVancouver\nCentre visited. Days.\nBamberton 1\nrol report, 1948.\nColumbia, showing Time\n948\u2014Continued.\nJnits.\nIsland.\nCentre visited.\nLantzville \t\nMesachie Lake\nM 23\nSPENT\nDays.\n1\n1\nBelmont \t\n 2\nBloedel \t\nChemainus \t\nCobble Hill\t\n 2\n 3\nNanaimo \t\nNorthwest Bay . .. -\n16\n1\n 1\nParksville \t\nPort Alberni\n2\n18\n. 2\nCopper Canyon \t\n 1\nCowichan Lake\t\n 2\nPort Alice _ \t\nDuncan \t\nFranklin River \t\nFulford Harbour \t\n 8\n 2\n 1\nPort Renfrew .. \t\n._ 3\nQualicum \t\nRock Bay\t\nShawnigan Lake ..\n4\n1\n... 1\nGabriola Island \t\nGanges ... \t\n 1\n 2\nSooke \t\nTofino \t\nUcluelet \t\n1\n2\n_ 1\n81\n5\n__ 176\nDays.\n2\n1\n... 11\nGreat Central \t\nHoneymoon Bay _. ..\n 1\n 2\nJames Island \t\nJordan River \t\nKelsey Bay . \t\n 1\n 2\n 1\nVictoria \t\nYoubou\t\nTotal (34 centres).\nt.\nCentre visited.\nMatsqui \t\nNewton \t\nNew Westminster \t\nLadysmith \t\nCentre visited.\nAbbotsford \t\n 3\nCoas\nDays.\n 5\nAberdeen \t\nAldergrove \t\nAlert Bay \t\nAshcroft \t\n 1\n 1\n 2\n 2\nOcean Falls _\n... 4\nPort Hardy \t\nPort Kells _. \t\n2\n... 1\nBoston Bar \t\nClayton \t\n 1\n 1\nPort McNeill \t\n._ 1\nCloverdale\n 4\nSardis \t\nSointula \t\nSpences Bridge \t\n2\n2\n1\nCrescent Beach \t\n 1\nEnglewood \t\nFleetwood \t\nFraser Mills ___ _\n 3\n1\nTynehead \t\nVancouver .\n1\n238%\n1\n3\n1\n 5\nHaney \t\nHope ... \t\n 1\n 2\nWhalley's Corner \t\nWhite Rock \t\nYale \t\nTotal (33 centres).\nor.\nCentre visited.\nLittle Fort. \t\nLaidlaw \t\nLangley \t\nLillooet \t\nLytton \t\n 1\n 6\n 2\n... 312%\nDays.\n___ 1\n 2\nCentre visited.\nAllenby ... _\nInteri\nDays.\n 1\nBlue River \t\nCanoe\n 1\n1\nLouis Creek \t\nMalakwa . \t\n1\n__ 1\nCelista \t\nChase - - \t\n 1\n 1\nMerritt \t\n... 2\nNotch Hill \t\nPrinceton _ \t\n1\n... 4\nClearwater \t\nCopper Mountain\nElk River\n 2\n 2\n 1\nSalmon Arm\n... 4\nSavona \t\nSicamous .. . \t\n1\n.. 1\nFalkland\n1\nHedley \t\n 1\nTotal (21 centres).\n... 42\n\u2022\nKamloops\n 12\nKeremeos \t\n 2 M 24\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nTable 1.\u2014Clinics held in British Columbia, showing Time spent\nat each Centre, 1948\u2014Continued.\nMobile Units\u2014Continued.\nKootenay.\nCentre visited. Days. Centre visited. Days.\nArrowhead 1 Golden 2\nCanyon 1 Revelstoke 4\nCrawford Bay\nCreston \t\nEdgewater\nElko \t\nWynndel\nYahk \t\nTotal (10 centres) __._ 15 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 25\nDuring 1948 the number of patient-visits made to the diagnostic and treatment\nclinics was up 9 per cent., from 42,646 in 1947 to 46,518 in 1948. The number of\npersons coming in for a routine check is still increasing, the actual figure being 29,053\nin 1948, which is 4,395 higher than the figure for the previous year. The greatest\nnumerical increase in patient-visits (808) occurred in the 30-39-year age-group.\nA considerable increase was registered in the number of Indians and half-breeds\nexamined, from 102 in 1947 to 387 in 1948. New cases of tuberculosis found by the\nDivision among all races declined from 1,610 in 1947 to 1,137 in 1948.\nTable 2.\u2014Diagnostic and Treatment Clinic Report, 1948.\nItem.\nI.S\nTotal patient-visits\t\nTotal cases examined\u2014\nX-ray \t\nPhysical\t\nSpecialist consultation\t\nType of case\t\nNew cases\t\nRe-examination\t\nReason for examination\t\nReferred from survey\t\nSymptoms\t\nRoutine check \t\nAge-groups examined \t\n0- 4 M.\nF.\n5- 9 M.\nF.\n10-14 M.\nF.\n15-19 M.\nF.\n20-24. M.\nF.\n26-29 M.\nF.\n30-39 M.\nF.\n40-49 M.\nF.\n50-59 M.\nF.\n60-69-..- M.\nF.\n70 and over M.\nF.\nRacial origins\t\nWhite\t\nIndian\t\nBreed\t\nChinese\t\nJapanese\t\nOther\t\nUsual occupations\t\nClerks\t\nFishermen\t\nHospital Workers\t\nHousewives\t\nLabourers\u2014\nCommon\t\nSkilled\t\nLoggers\t\nMiners\u2014\nCoal\t\nHard-rock\t\nNurses\u2014\u25a0\nGraduate\t\nStudent\t\nTeachers\t\nOther professional\t\n23,493\n14,789\n4,876\n85\n14,925\n5,387\n9,538\n14,925\n1,478\n3,872\n9,575\n14,925\n120\n149\n200\n212\n162\n173\n239\n375\n600\n1,154\n728\n1,122\n1,332\n1,988\n1,336\n1.046\n1,240\n588\n1,092\n451\n456\n162\n14,925\n14,394\n30\n20\n429\n14\n38\n14.925\n1,702\n95\n216\n3,826\n2,249\n1,342\n233\n61\n321\n357\n368\n153\n178\nI\n1,556 | 4,816\n1,556\n137\n1,556\n513\n1,043\n1,556\n16\n124\n1,416\n1,556\n7\n6\n1\n8\n7\n12\n45\n100\n86\n196\n74\n139\n161\n187\n149\n93\n129\n84\n51\n14\n7\n1,556\n1,544\n1,556\n126\n513\n211\n4,545\n27\n4,545\n2,118\n2,427\n4,545\n396\n336\n3,813\n4,545\n137\n156\n218\n240\n107\n64\n73\n90\n110\n320\n195\n331\n375\n522\n255\n245\n271\n181\n339\n141\n123\n52\n4,545\n4,344\n2\n165\n1\n33\n4,545\n168\n3\n16\n1,102\n103\n202\n173 1,057\n2\n8\n1\n\t\n\t\n| 139\n63\n14\n91\n7\n33\n73\n35\n3,254\n3,254\n3,254\n909\n2,345\n3,254\n414\n495\n2,345\n3,254\n82\n50\n78\n88\n59\n56\n41\n93\n100\n181\n121\n301\n269\n430\n281\n204\n230\n147\n232\n112\n73\n26\n3,254\n3,242\n2\n1\n7\n2\n3,254\n22\n29\n1,095\n628\n19\n3\n2,760\n3,608\n2,760\n3,608 [\n164\n2,760\n3,608\n700\n2,445 |\n2,060\n1,163 j\n2,760\n3,608 |\n61\n170 |\n270\n96 |\n2,429\n3,342\n2,760\n3,608 |\n42\n31 |\n27\n40 j\n85\n85 |\n83\n125 |\n93\n133 j\n108\n124 |\n98\n100 |\n155\n171 1\n85\n116 |\n158\n229 I\n107\n143 j\n193\n220 |\n205\n375 |\n343\n467 1\n197\n335 ]\n210\n194 ]\n165\n216 |\n115\n141 |\n117\n178\n66\n102 !\n81\n49 1\n27\n34\n2.760\n3.608 1\n2,672\n3,344 |\n15\n230 |\n57\n11\n7 1\n4\n27 [\n1\n2,760\n3,608\n103\n201\n84\n40\n74 |\n802\n1,031 1\n151\n209 I\n88\n342 |\n24\n40 1\n1\n52 i\n1\n230 |\n62\n79 |\n4\n153\n42\n14 1\n48\n36 |\n3,367\n3,367 3,664\n3,406\n2,262\n1,144\n3,406\n46,518\n54\n4,844\n2,779\n500\n172\n562 M 26 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nTable 2.\u2014Diagnostic and Treatment Clinic Report, 1948\u2014Continued.\nItem.\nOJ\n>\n3\nO\nu\nC\n>\ns\nca\n.2\no\nu\n>\n\u00a3j_\nS_\n4J\nUl\nCU\nO\nO\n>>\n&\nc\nQJ\n.j\no\no\nw\no\nOJ\na\ni-i\na\nC\/J\nI-l\no\nH\nUsual occupations\u2014Continued.\nStudents\u2014\n6\n144\n921\n2,753\n2\n5,315\n94\n142\n41\n5,438\n6,013\n1,490\n515\n477\n93\n8\n60\n20\n3\n2\n136\n3\n88\n37\n8\n248\n10\n136\n78\n22\n1\n1\n38\n1\n3\n5\n1\n12\n10\n1\n3\n1\n1\n975\n376\n1\n24\n19\n8\n374\n36\n91\n46\n4\n6.370\n3\n37\n154\n448\n\t\n6\n\t\n519\n28\n15\n14\n\t\n\t\n\t\n\t\n1\n1\n13\n2\n8\n2\n1\n1\n1\n13\n3\n2\n6\n2\n\t\n335\n1\n583\n1,183\n1,505\n15\n1,410\n969\n7\n61\n263\n130\n128\n35\n1\n29\n4\n1\n34\n28\n5\n1\n59\n6\n34\n13\n5\n1\n2\n1\n1\n133\n14\n1\n2\n1\n96\n3\n16\n1,399\n3\n322\n979\n1,349\n43\n1,468\n460\n1\n248\n292\n158\n156\n21\n2\n18\n1\n77\n1\n62\n14\n58\n5\n28\n15\n2\n1\n4\n1\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n134\n44\n1\n3\n5\n40\n9\n15\n17\n1,667\n4\n457\n849\n87\n1,954\n111\n81\n81\n15\n1\n12\n1\n1\n32\n4\n19\n9\n34\n6\n18\n7\n1\n2\n30\n6\n6\n4\n2\n12\n1\n527\n1\n3\n414\n729\n1\n87\n1\n1\n3\n151\n968\n11\n253\n281\n105\n101\n19\n1\n13\n4\n1\n36\n1\n34\n1\n46\n4\n30\n3\n5\n3\n1\n4\n1\n1\n2\n176\n43\n9\n9\n8\n64\n7\n12\n24\n1\n774\n2\n558\n796\n38\n1,935\n118\n53\n52\n16\n3\n12\n1\n5\n5\n31\n2\n20\n8\n1\n1\n1\n65\n25\n2\n18\n1\n1\n18\n1\n542\n487\n912\n16\n1,391\n105\n80\n80\n16\n1\n14\n1\n46\n35\n11\n18\n14\n2\n2\n25\n3\n11\n4\n2\n5\n1\n784\n7\n160\nOther \t\n3,779\n8,355\nTreatments and tests\u2014\nPneumothorax\u2014\u25a0\n3\nRefill \t\n8,704\nOleothorax\u2014\n1\nRefill \t\n1\nPneumoperitoneum\u2014\nRefill\t\n94\n148\n102\n8,986\n8,410\nX-rays referred to the Division\u2014\n160\nOther \t\n5,842\nNew cases found (tuberculous and non-tuberculous)\n2,688\n1,137\n1,089\nChange of diagnosis, non-tuberculous to tuber-\n215\n17\n158\n32\n5\n2\n1\n367\n9\n272\n76\n10\n507\n35\n288\n128\n37\n2\n13\n1\nOther tuberculosis of respiratory system....\n1\n2\n48\nIntestines\t\n2\n5\n6\nSkin\t\n1\n16\n11\n1\n3\n2\nOther\t\n1\n1,551\n514\n2\n38\n44\n22\n602\n68\nUndiagnosed -\t\n121\n140\nChange of diagnosis, tuberculous to non-\n8\n12 398\nSource: Ledger T.B. 71 ; Case Examination, Form T.B. 1. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 27\nThis year a total of 184,509 people were examined by the survey clinics, excluding\nthe 91 examinations by the Island Travelling Clinic surveys. Of the total examinations,\nan increasing amount were done by the other-than-mobile survey clinics\u201457,428, as\nagainst 44,196 in 1947. The number of new cases of tuberculosis discovered amounted\nto 428, of which 223 were referred by the other-than-mobile survey clinics, as against\n237 in 1947. The referrals from the mobile clinics showed a marked decrease, being\nonly 205 this year, as compared to 455 in 1947. Among the 428 new cases found, there\nwere 20 far advanced, 121 moderately advanced, 280 minimal, and 7 primary cases.\nTable 3.\u2014Report of Survey Clinics, 1948.\nItem.\nVancouver. Victoria.\nNew Westminster.\nMobile.\nTotal.\nTotal examined*\t\nTotal referred\t\nNew tuberculous cases\t\nPrimary\t\nMinimal\u2014\nActive\t\nQuiescent\t\nApparently arrested\nApparently cured\t\nModerately advanced \u2014\nActive\t\nQuiescent\t\nApparently arrested.\nApparently cured\t\nFar advanced\u2014\nActive\t\nQuiescent\t\nApparently arrested\nApparently cured\t\nKnown tuberculous cases\t\nMinimal\u2014\nActive\t\nQuiescent\t\nApparently arrested.\nApparently cured\t\nModerately advanced\u2014\nActive\t\nQuiescent\t\nApparently arrested.\nApparently cured\t\nFar advanced\u2014\nActive\t\nQuiescent\t\nApparently arrested.\nApparently cured\t\nNon-pulmonary\t\nPleurisy\t\nSuspect\t\nNegative\t\nOther diagnoses\t\nNot yet diagnosed\t\n637\n240\n151\n24\n10\n36\n9\n3\n1\n12\n13\n3\n2\n115\n47\n585\n219\n65\n5,702\n313\n25\n2\n17\n3\n2\n1\n7\n18\n202\n33\n1,089\n252\n47\n1\n5\n24\n34\n9\n87\n54\n6\n127,081\n1,244\n205\n20\n13\n69\n42\n25\n6\n17\n10\n2\n2\n23\n59\n4\n1\n24\n9\n78\n341\n287\n107\n184,509\n3,049\n428\n7\n50\n25\n127\n78\n69\n9\n25\n18\n20\n166\n5\n35\n74\n28\n9\n242\n152\n1,215\n593\n187\n* Excludes 91 examinations by Island Travelling Clinic surveys, for which breakdowns are not available. M 28\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nA decrease was registered in the number of clinic examinations, from 235,121 in\n1947 to 222,318 in 1948. The major part of this decrease was in the examinations done\nby the mobile clinics, which decreased from 155,674 to 127,081. This was partly\nbalanced by an increase in the number of examinations by the stationary clinics, from\n65,250 in 1947 to 81,708 in 1948. The number of re-examinations continues to increase,\namounting to 124,236 this year, compared to 86,470 in 1947. This increase is likely to\ncontinue as more of the population of the Province is covered by the clinics.\nTable 4.\u2014New Examinations and Re-examinations during the\nYears 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nTotal Cases examined.\nNew Cases.\nOld Cases.\nYear.\nTotal.\nStationary.\nTravelling.\nMobile.\nTotal.\nStationary.\nTravelling.\nMobile.\nTotal.\nStationary.\nTravelling.\nMobile.\n1944\t\n109,280\n144,478\n174,571\n235,121\n222,318\n38,163\n41,753\n63,405\n65,250\n81,708\n15,249\n12,706\n12,054\n14,197\n13,529\n55,868\n90,019\n99,112\n155,674\n127,081\n82,764\n106,009\n119,239\n148,651\n98,082\n23,138\n24,088\n36,848\n31,991\n36,564\n9,606\n7,321\n5,395\n5,909\n6,236\n50,020\n74,600\n76,996\n110,751\n55,282\n26,516\n38,469\n55,332\n86,470\n124,236\n15,025\n17,665\n26,557\n33,259\n45,144\n5,643\n5,385\n6,659\n8,288\n7,293\n5,848\n1945\t\n15,419\n1946\t\n22,116\n1947\t\n1948\t\n44,923\n71,799\nSource: Daily Report of Clinics, Form T.B. 71, and Case Examination, Form T.B. 1. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 29\nChart 2.\u2014Showing New Examinations and Re-examinations by all Clinics\nduring the Years 1939 to 1948, inclusive.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nNO. OF CASES\n(IN 000'S)\n240\n220\n200\n180\n160\n140\n120\n100\n80\n60\n\\ i\nTOTAL\nCASES\nA\nM l\\\\\nNEW\nCASES\nA\n\\ -'\u25a0\n4\n\/\n\/\n\/ .\n\/ \/\nV \/ \\\n1 i\n\/\n+ TOTAL\nMOBILE\n\/ 1 Y\n\/ lA\n\/ > \\\nII\n1\n\/\n\/ J\nt \/\nt \/\nNEW\nMOBILE\n\/\n\\\/\nA\n1\n1\n1 1\n*\/\nOLD .\nCASES\/\n\u2022\n\u2022\n\/\n\/\n1\n1\n\/old\n\t\n\t\n1\/ ^\nf MUBILt\nr''\n*\n**\n**\n**\n20\n1939 40 41 42 43\n44\n45 46 47 1948 Chart 3.\u2014Showing New Examinations and Re-examinations by Stationary\nClinics during the Years 1939 to 1948, inclusive.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nNO. OF CASES\n(IN 000'S)\n90\n80\n70\n60\n50\n40\n20\nTOTAL\nCASES\n4\n1\n1\nt\n1\n\/\n\/\n\/\nN\n*\nt\n1\n1\n\/ s\nis\n1 i\n\/\nNEW CASES\n\/\n\/\n\/ \/\n\/\n\/\n4>\nt\n*\nf\nCASES\n---T*C-\n\/\n*\nt\nOLD\ni A\nty\n. \u2014 \u2014\n^\n1939 40\n42\n43 44\n30\n45 46 47 1948 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 31\nChart 4.\u2014Showing New Examinations and Re-examinations by Travelling\nClinics during the Years 1939 to 1948, inclusive.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nNO. OF CASES\n(IN OOO'SI\n20\n10\n0\n1939\nTRAVELLING\nCLINICS\nTOTAL CASES^,^-^\n I\nr--\u2014-\nT\ni i\ni\n< \u201e_ NEW CASES\nOLD CASES**\n_\u00bb \u2022* *~ \u25a0\u00bb\n' ' ' ' _ -1\" \u2014\n1\n1\n40\n42\n43\n45\n47\n'948\nNEW CASES EXAMINED BY CLINICS.\nWhile the number of new cases examined by the clinics declined from 148,567 last\nyear to 98,082 this year, the percentages of cases under the various diagnoses remained\nsubstantially the same. The percentage of normal chests was slightly less favourable,\nbeing 97.8 last year and 97.3 this year. The number of cases diagnosed as pulmonary\ntuberculosis decreased to 1,073 from last year's figure of 1,454, but the percentage\nincreased from 0.98 to 1.09.\nTable 5.\u2014New Cases examined by Clinics, by Diagnosis, 1948.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nDiagnosis.\nNumber\nof Cases.\nPer Cent.\nof Cases\nexamined.\nPulmonary tuberculosis\t\nTuberculous pleurisy and other tuberculosis of respiratory system\nNon-pulmonary tuberculosis\t\nOther pulmonary diagnosis\t\nOther (other non-pulmonary, undiagnosed and suspect)\t\nNormal\t\nTotal new cases examined\t\n1,073\n16\n48\n1,206\n317\n95,422\n98,082\n1.09\n0.02\n0.05\n1.23\n0.32\n97.29\n100.00\nSource: Case Examination, Form T.B. 1. M 32\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\noo\ntji\nU5\nm\nPh\nP\nO\n\u00ab\no\nI\nW\no\n<\nx\nH\nm\no\n2\nPC\no\nO\nH\nTO\no\n2\na\n<\nm\na\nw\n2\n\u00a7\nx\nw\nH\n>\n<\n2\n<\nH\n\u00ab\nH\nX\nH\nO\ntn\nW\nw\n<\nea\n.2\n'S\na\ni\u2014i\nbe\n\"o\nXI\nw\n'TOox puBjg\n*sno[nojaqn^-uo^j_\nps>0J_\n\u2022 .oadsng\n\u2022pasou3Bipu_}\n\u2022SISOUST3IQ\nAjBuom[ncT-uo^[ jaq.Q\n-nojjQ aq} jo saseasrQ\n\u2022A'jBuouqnj Jaqio\n\u2022sisooiiig\n\u25a0suisB[doa_^[\n\u2022EuiaAduj_j\n\u25a0Asi.mau\n\u25a0AjBuouqnd-uo^\nFioj,\n\u25a0Ajauoui[nd-uo_^\n\u25a0iaql0\n\u25a0uinauo.ua_[\njo :au\n\u25a0uia.p^g AjBui-m\n-o.iuao jo -g-x\n\u2022tua.sA'g oi^Bqd\n-uijfl jo -g-x\n\u25a0\"ws jo -a-j.\n\u2022SJUlOf puB\nsauog'jo -g-j,\n\u2022uum[0\u00a3)\n[uaqa.raA jo -au\nsaui.Baiuj J\u00b0 'a'!\n\u2022(\u2022raqjo) uiajsAg\nj^jojHJidsa^j jo *g'j_\n\u25a0uoisnjja\n}noq^;j\u00bb Asijnaid\n\u25a0uoisnjja\nq.ijW j^sianajjj\n\u25a0A-iBuouqng {B.oj,\n'pa,B}s jou acUj,\n\u2022sisooqxg q.lM\npaauBApB .ib_t\n\u2022paauBApB jb_t\n\u2022paauBApB\nA\"[a^Bjapo_^\n'AjEuiijg\n61\nt-OiOOt-OHMiONOHlflD.WO\u00abHi-l_-\ni-HMMWWClLSi_-oO\"=i,Ol>oOi0^j'a3_r-o:Or-(\nI-Hr-(T-HT-ICMlMi-l(N^HCOrH\nNH^'*lOinMffl'*00)t*100)r(t\"[-IOXlO'^S3W : rH\nCi CA rH CA\nNNflNWlOiCCCWt_3^0O'a't-t-N\nCACArHCACI-rfCArHCOCO : Ci CA rH CA rH CA\nCO ia\nCi CA\nGO \u00abD\n<-i co : w rn io : go ; ca\nCO rH IO CO\nCA -vp CO CA CA\nCO rH CM rH\nCA CA IO CA tO GO\nCAcoia-tptoioiato\nCO rH rH\nco o co ia ia ca\non\non\nOJ\no\n1-1\n,H\ni-l\ni\u2014\n\u00ab\n(P\nCO\ncj\n\u00a3\nrM\n5\nri\ns\nri\ns\nfa\n>\nri s\nri \u00a3\nri\n5\nri\n\u00a3\nri ^\nri\n\u00a3\nri\ns\nri\ns\nrM %\nri\nai\noS\no\nu\n0\n\"\u00abt\nc\na\ncv\ncr\ncr\nc-\na-\nF-\na\n>\nc\nX\nc\nR\n3\nG\nH-\ntt\nc\ntc\n<=\nIT\nc\nCv\nIC\nCs]\ncc\nc\nt\u00a3\nc:\nCC\n7- TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 33\nFor the first time since 1937 a decrease has occurred in the total number of X-rays\ntaken during a year. Last year there were 240,111, and in 1948 this figure dropped to\n228,254. This decrease was accounted for mainly by the mobile clinics, which made\n155,674 X-ray examinations in 1947 and 127,081 in 1948. The number taken by the\nstationary clinics increased over last year's figure by 16,390, to a total of 81,572. X-ray\nexaminations by institutions increased from 5,196 to 6,111.\nChart 5.\u2014Showing the Number of X-ray Examinations (Chest and Other) made\nby Institutions, Stationary Clinics, and Travelling Clinics, 1939 to 1948,\ninclusive.\nNO OF X-RAYS\n(IN 000'SI\n250\n225\n200\n175\n150\n125\n100\n75\n50\n25\n1939 40 41\nTOTAL J\nMOB\nUNI\nILE \/\nTS \/\n4\ns\nSTATIC\nCLIN\n\/\n\/\n1NARY\nss.--\u2014\n4*\n^\n*\nr*\n\t\n\/\n\t\n.\"'\nTRAV\nILLINC CLIN\nICS\n43 44 45 46 47 1948 M 34\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nTable 7.\u2014Number of X-ray Examinations (Chest and Other) made by Institutions, Stationary Clinics, and Travelling Clinics, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nYear.\nInstitutions.\nStationary.\nTravelling.\nMobile\nUnits.\nTotal.\nDiagnostic.\nSurvey.\nDiagnostic.\nSurvey.\n1944\t\n3,881\n3,858\n6,667\n5,196\n6,111\n14,315\n11,075\n16,781\n20,986\n24,144\n26,173\n28,850\n45,810\n44,196\n57,428\n12,124\n12,613\n11,289\n12,996\n13,399\n2,914\n764\n763\n1,063\n91\n55,868\n89,779\n99,103\n155,674\n127,081\n115,275\n1945\t\n146,939\n1946\t\n180,413\n1947\t\n240,111\n1948\t\n228,254\nSource: X-ray Ledger T.B. 73 and Clinic Ledgers T.B. 71 and T.B. 41.\nGenerally, there has been an increase in the number of X-rays made by the\nstationary clinics and institutions. With the exception of a fairly substantial increase\nin the number of flat chest X-rays, no important changes are noted.\nGENERAL SUMMARIES.\nTable 8.\u2014X-ray Report for Stationary Clinics and Institutions, 1948.\nVancouver.\nTranquille.\nVictoria.\nSt.\nJoseph's\nOriental\nHospital.\nJericho\nBeach.\nNew Westminster.\nTotal.\nX-rays taken\t\nChest X-rays\u2014\nFlat-\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nV.D. Division\t\nStereoscopic\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nPlanograph\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nOther chest\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nGastro-intestinal\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nBones and joints\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nV.D. Division\t\nOther\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nFluoroscope\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nV.D. Division\t\nElectrocardiogram\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nV.D. Division\t\nIndian Department examinations..\nLipiodol injection\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\n19,925\n1,741\n14,872\n543\n86\n94\n245\n223\n294\n923\n14\n16\n70\n45\n42\n27\n18\n3,633\n5,438\n222\n131\n33\n258\n190\n2\n58\n3,902\n1,959\n1,570\n50\n17\n49\n1\n63\n5\n36\n46\n28\n2\n8,830\n521\n44\n12\n10\n4\n5,401\n531\n4,550\n2\n21\n19\n12\n7\n166\n15\n10\n19\n2,115\n1,410\n385\n313\n72\n759\n491\n217\n3,492\n3,449\n793\n35\n20\n4\n1,137\n1,370\n21\n5,035\n24,730\n543\n145\n142\n313\n236\n373\n1,112\n26\n16\n141\n105\n42\n78\n20\n16,508\n8,774\n222\n176\n46\n258\n249\n14\n64\nSource : X-ray Ledger T.B. 73. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 35\nAn increase has again been registered in the number of sputum tests, which\namounted to 23,351 in 1947 and 24,689 in 1948. Sedimentation tests have increased\nfairly considerably over last year's figure of 19,590, the number this year being 22,749.\nThe number of blood tests other than sedimentations has increased from 11,204 in\n1947 to 14,334 in 1948.\nTable 9.\u2014Laboratory Report, 1948.\nVancouver.\nTranquille.\nVictoria.\nSt.\nJoseph's\nOriental\nHospital.\nJericho\nBeach.\nNew Westminster.\nTotal.\nSputum tests\u2014\nRoutine\u2014\n10,459\n3,580\n20\n86\n345\n155\n378\n1,000\n13,861\n331\n1,232\n601\n716\n435\n114\n392\n599\n124\n410\n588\n122\n358\n377\n3\n551\n1\n343\n116\n2,340\n450\n363\n812\n1\n135\n17\n378\n271\n66\n97\n40\n164\n709\n47\n2,971\n368\n355\n27\n370\n127\n1,999\n434\n730\n280\n668\n136\n1,229\n37\n1,229\n37\n71\n365\n236\n205\n2,471\n233\n122\n127\n603\n544\n8\n941\n1,620\n1,220\n311\n56\n49\n89\n4\n66\n318\n1,216\n160\n27\n155\n28\n157\n32\n157\n31\n4\n11\n78\n5\n288\n2\n3\n6\n4\n9\n5\n5\n5\n4\n10\n350\n1\n7\n58\n235\n8\n240\n3\n69\n101\n86\n80\n2\n56\n1,042\n5\n2\n4\n818\n25\n18\n518\n67\n57\n83\n45\n2\n128\n4\n128\n4\n1\n47\n48\n720\n49\n23\n2\n43\n1\n8\n2,762\n3,497\n11,727\nCon centra ted\u2014\u2022\n6,869\n444\nStomach washings\u2014\n573\n461\nGuinea-pig inoculations\u2014\n547\n571\nBlood tests\u2014\u25a0\nSedimentations\u2014\n4,070\n18,348\n331\nHaemoglobin\u2014\n2,419\n994\n716\nRed-blood count\u2014\n1,372\n280\n392\nWhite-blood count\u2014\n2,214\n197\n410\nDifferential\u2014\n2.188\n 194\n 358\n532\n3\n930\n1\nKahn\u2014\n760\n374\nUrinalysis\u2014\nRoutine\u2014\n6.861\n 734\n363\nQuantitative\u2014\n960\n1\n268\n21\n 997\nCultures\u2014\u25a0\nSputum\u2014\n321\n71\nOther-\n647\n52\n1,127\nSource: Daily Laboratory Ledger T.B. 72. M 36\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nAs in 1947, the institutions are doing an increasing number of bronchoscopic\nexaminations, while the clinics continue to do less. The addition of a technician\ntrained in bronchoscopic work at Tranquille has had the effect of raising the number\nof bronchoscopies done in that institution from 72 in 1947 to 258 this year. The total\nin 1948 was 700, as compared to 452 in 1947.\nChart 6.\u2014Showing the Number of Bronchoscopies given by Institutions\nand Clinics, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\n800\n750\n700\n650\n600\n550\n500\n450\n400\n350\n300\n250\n200\n44 45 46 47 4\nIII!\n44 45 46 47 48 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 37\nTable 10.\u2014Number of Bronchoscopies by Institutions and Clinics,\n1944 TO 1948, inclusive.\nTotal.\nInstitutions.\nClinics.\nYear.\nTotal.\nTran-\nciuille.\nVancouver.\nVictoria.\nTotal.\nTranquille.\nVancouver.\nVictoria.\nTotal.\nTranquille.\nVancouver.\nVictoria.\n1944\t\n243\n285\n353\n452\n700\n1\n31 | 204\n9 [ 274\n3 1 334\n72 1 366\n8\n2\n16\n14\n27\n143\n127\n174\n297\n552\n30\n9\n3\n72\n108\n117\n160\n211\n5\n1\n11\n14\n27\n100\n158\n179\n155\n148\n1\n6\n96\n157\n174\n155\n142\n3\n1945\t\n1946\t\n1947\t\n1\n5\n1948\t\n258\n415\n252\n273\nSource : Institutional Ledger T.B. 70 and Clinic Ledger T.B. 71.\nA considerable decrease occurred in the number of patient-visits at Tranquille,\nfrom 2,862 in 1947 to 1,836 in 1948. The number of visits at Jericho Beach increased\nfrom 81 to 268, but the total for all clinics was down to 3,281 from 4,101 last year.\nTable 11.\u2014Dental Report.\nVancouver.*\nTranquille.\nVictoria.\nJericho Beach.\nTotal.\nPatient-visits\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nExaminations\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nConsultations\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nExtractions\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nFillings, including cement bases\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nProphylactic treatment\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nSurgical removal, impacted teeth-\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nDenture fittings\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nOther\t\n830\n240\n253\n45\n14\n1\n276\n117\n219\n120\n29\n7\n6\n4\n291\n112\n5,139\n1,836\n65\n60\n398\n18\n247\n39\n385\n6\n625\n347\n10\n69\n1\n33\n218\n7\n48\n4\n49\n43\n268\n53\n190\n16\n3,281\n315\n513\n46\n760\n135\n1,191\n131\n340\n50\n15\n4\n915\n118\n5,823\n* Includes St. Joseph's Oriental Hospital.\nSource : Ledger, T.B. 74. M 38\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nThe number of patient-visits this year declined to 540 from last year's figure of 635.\nTable 12.\u2014Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Report.\nVancouver. Tranquille,\nVictoria.\nTotal.\nPatient-visits\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nEye-\nExaminations\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nPrescriptions\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOutj-patient\t\nRefractions\u2014\u25a0\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nOther treatments\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nConsultations\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nEar, nose, and throat\u2014\nExaminations\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nTreatments\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOut-patient\t\nConsultations\u2014\nIn-patient\t\nOu1>-patient\t\nSurgical procedures.\n285\n139\n10\n112\n2\n221\n1\n146\n73\n118\n1\n74\n1\n34\n11\n18\n14\n540\n87\n266\n10\n124\n1\n184\n2\n270\n75\n76\n1\n2\n10\nSource : Ledger T.B. 75. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 39\nINSTITUTIONS\u2014SUMMARIES.\nThe full effect of the addition of the 90-bed hospital at Jericho Beach is\nshown in\nthe figures on patient-days. Last year Jericho Beach accounted for 13,807 of the total\nnumber of 255,688. This year the number at that institution increased to 33,062,\nwhich brought the total up to 272,107, the figures for the other institutions remaining\nsubstantially the same. The number of pneumoperitoneum treatments\nincreased\nconsiderably, from 68 to 685. A decrease occurred in the number of light therapy\ntreatments, from 3,568 in 1947 to 1,949 in 1948.\nTable 13.\u2014Institutions\u2014General Summary, 1948.\nItem.\nVancouver.\nTranquille.\nVictoria.\nSt. Joseph's\nOriental\nHospital.\nJericho\nBeach.\nTotal.\nPatient-days\t\n80,974\n115,819\n27,463\n14,789\n33,062\n272,107\n340\n329\n230\n223\n119\n111\n71\n69\n52\n66\n812\nDischarges\t\n798\nTreatments\u2014\nPneumothoraces\u2014\n115\n3,169\n128\n6,414\n52\n1,679\n21\n691\n20\n792\n336\nRefill\t\n12,745\nOleothorax\u2014\n4\nRefill\t\n4\nPneumoperitoneum\u2014\n25\n403\n291\n1\n105\n3\n72\n99\n2\n22\n15\n5\n152\n23\n35\nRefill\t\n650\n533\nThoracoplasties\u2014\nStage 1 \t\n54\n29\n83\nStage 2\t\n53\n30\n83\nStage 3 \t\n22\n25\n47\nStage 4 \t\n1\n7\n8\n2\n2\n1\n2\n3\nPhrenic\u2014\n55\n2\n4\n6\n1\n65\nRecrush\t\n3\n7\n7\n43\n84\n20\n147\n1\n5\n1\n7\n273\n252\n27\n552\n636\n566\n505\n242\n1,949\n24\n45\n69\n526\n47\n4\n577\n10\n14\n1\n25\n122\n4\n3\n5\n134\n1\nSource: Clinic Ledgers T.B. 71 and T.B. 41 and Institutional Ledger T.B. 70; Admission Form\nT.B. 78 and\nDischarge Form T.B. 79. M 40\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nA decline in both initial and refill pneumothoraces occurred during 1948. The\nnumber of refills done by the travelling clinics decreased considerably, from 251 to 87,\nand this was enough to reverse the upward trend of total refills over the last few years.\nLast year's reverse in the trend of total initial pneumothoraces continued, with a\ndecrease from 354 last year to 339 in 1948.\nChart 7.\u2014Showing the Number of Pneumothoraces (Initial and Refill) given\nby Institutions, Stationary Clinics, and Travelling Clinics, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive.\n44 45 46 47 4\n44 45 46 47 48 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 41\nTable 14.\u2014Number of Pneumothoraces (Initial and Refill) given by Institutions, Stationary Clinics, and Travelling Clinics, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nTotal.\nInitial.\nRefill.\nYear.\nTotal Institu-\nInitial. tions.\nStationary\nClinics.\nTravelling\nClinics.\nTotal\nRefill.\nInstitutions.\nStationary\nClinics.\nTravelling.\nClinics.\n1944\t\n16,828\n17,121\n21,883\n21,919\n21,788\n344 337\n327 325\n413 j 397\n354 350\n2\n1\n5\n1\n5\n1\n11\n3\n1\n16,484\n16,794\n21,470\n21,565\n21,449\n10,375\n9,678\n12,347\n12,698\n12,745\n5,841\n6,892\n8,799\n8,616\n8,617\n268\n1945\t\n224\n1946\t\n324\n1947\t\n251\n1948\t\n339 1 336 1 2\n87\nSource: Clinic Ledgers T.B. 71 and T.B. 41 and Institutional Ledger T.B. 70.\nTable 15.\u2014Institutions\u2014Patient Status.\n(As of December 31st, 1948.)\nTotal.\nTranquille.\nVancouver.*\nVictoria.\nJericho Beach.\nItem.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nCases on pneumothorax\u2014\n302\n240\n41.3\n120\n38.6\n104\n175\n40.2\n53\n69.7\n25\n29.1\n15 | \t\n50 | \t\n 1 \t\nNumber.\nNumber.\nNumber.\nNumber.\nNumber.\nStatus of patients in residence\u2014\nPatients in residence, December\n31st, 1948\t\n732\n10\n5\na\n4\n183\n293\n140\n124\n389\n311\n4\n4\n59\n134\n57\n61\n147\n259\n4\n1\n3\n75\n91\n61\n38\n157\n76\n2\n27\n20\n15\n16\n45\n86\nCases with effusion with pneu-\nCases with effusion without\nCases of tuberculous empyema\nwith pneumothorax\t\nCases of tuberculous empyema\nwithout pneumothorax\t\nCases with positive sputum with\n2\n1\n22\nCases with positive sputum without collapse therapy\t\nCases with negative sputum with\n48\n7\nCases with negative sputum with-\n9\nCases receiving occupational\n40\nCases supervised by teacher\t\n1\n42\n62\n39\n35\n6\n* Includes St. Joseph's Oriental Hospital.\nSource: Clinic Ledgers T.B. 41 and T.B. 71 and Institutional Ledger T.B. 70. M 42\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nNo great change has occurred in admissions to institutions during 1948. The\ngreatest percentage of admissions is still in the 20-29 age-group, but this has decreased\nfrom last year's figure of 37.1 per cent, to 35.2 per cent. The total admissions decreased\n9 per cent, to 814.\nChart 8.\u2014Showing Admissions to Institutions by Age on Admission and Percentage of Total Admissions in each Age-group, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\n70 YRS.\n0 OVER\nJIM\nil\n44 45 46 47 48 44^5 46 4748 44 45464748 4445464748 4445464748 4445464748 44454647 48 4445464746\nTable 16.\u2014Admissions by Age and Percentage of Total Admissions in each\nAge-group, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\n1944.\n1945.\n1946.\n1947.\n1948.\nAge-group.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber,\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\n0- 9\t\n65\n309\n180\n98\n70\n63\n11\n3\n8.1\n38.6\n22.5\n12.3\n8.8\n7.9\n1.4\n0.4\n1\n67\n334\n225\n114\n83\n53\n11\n1\n0.1\n7.5\n37.6\n25.4\n12.8\n9.3\n6.0\n1.2\n0.1\n59\n314\n217\n105\n79\n61\n14\n2\n6.9\n36.9\n25.6\n12.4\n9.4\n7.3\n1.3\n0.2\n1\n53\n333\n241\n120\n82\n51\n17\n0.1\n5.9\n37.1\n26.8\n13.4\n9.1\n5.7\n1.9\n56\n287\n214\n115\n68\n49\n22\n3\n10-19\t\n6.9\n20-29\t\n35.2\n30-39\t\n26.3\n40-49\t\n14.1\n50-59 \t\n8 4\n60-69 :\t\n6.0\n2.7\n0 4\nTotals\t\n799\n100.0\n889\n100.0\n851\n100.0\n898\n100.0\n814\n100.0\nSource: Institutions, Admissions, Form T.B. 78. f\nIn all age-groups, except 10-19 years and 60-69 years, moderately advanced cases\nexceed minimal and far advanced. In the 10-19-year age-group minimal cases are\ngreatest in number, and in the 60-69 group there are as many moderately advanced\ncases as there are far advanced.\nChart 9.\u2014Showing Admissions to Institutions by Diagnosis and Age\non Admission, 1948.\n10-19 YRS.\n20-29 YRS.\n30-39 YRS.\n40-49 YRS.\n50-59 YRS.\n60-69 YRS.\nMINIMAL\nMODERATELY ADVANCED\nFAR ADVANCED\nMODERATELY ADVANCED\nI I\nFAR ADVANCED\nMODERATELY ADVANCED\nI I\nFAR ADVANCED\nMINIMAL\nI\n70 C OVER I MODERATELY ADVANCED\nr\nFAR ADVANCED\n0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180\nNO. OF ADMISSIONS\n43 M 44\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nin the younger age-groups, female cases predominate in most categories, while in\nthe older age-groups male cases exceed female cases. For the 15-19 group, female\nminimal cases exceed all others, followed by female and male moderately advanced cases.\nIn the 20-24 group, female moderately advanced cases lead, followed by female minimal\ncases and male moderately advanced. The male moderately advanced cases are ahead\nfor the next age-group, 25-29 years, and females in the three categories of moderately\nadvanced, minimal, and far advanced come next in that order. Moderately advanced\nmale cases again lead in the 30-39 group, and female cases follow almost the same as\nbefore, except that female minimal cases exceed female moderately advanced. From\n40 to 70 years and over, male cases considerably exceed female in all categories except\none, the minimal in the 40-49 age-group. The greatest number of male admissions are\nmoderately advanced cases in the 30-39 age-group, the greatest number of female\nadmissions being in the same age-group, but with minimal tuberculosis.\nTable 17.\u2014Admissions by Diagnosis, Sex, and Age, 1948.\nDiagnosis.\nAge-group.\na\n|\nel\nJ\ns\ng\n>>\n\"OJ TJ\ng o\n\u00abs\n\u25a0a \u00a3\n^ ca\n\u20224\na\na\n. cfl\nS >\nB0\n'u\nA -2\npa\n'iH\n\u25a0ag-8\n_h SB\ntfl\nQJ\ntfl\nO\nu a\nA ci\n+J -r-l\noo\naj\nia\nO\nH\no\nH\nc\nO\n0- 4 years\t\n M.\nF.\n M.\nF.\n10-14 years\t\n M.\n1\n1\n2\nF.\n2\n2\n1\nl\n6\n8\n15-19 years\t\n M.\n7\n8\n3\n18\nF.\n13\n10\n4\n1\n2\n30\n48\n20-24 years\t\n M.\n12\n28\n7\n1\n48\nF.\n2\n35\n39\n13\n1\n1\n91\n139\n25-29 years\t\n M.\n14\n31\n39\n33\n9\n20\n\t\n\t\n\t\n2\n62\n86\nF.\n148\n M.\n13\n49\n55\n48\n16\n26\n3\n4\n87\n127\nF.\n214\n M.\n1\n5\n47\n22\n1\n76\nF.\n6\n18\n14\n1\n39\n115\n50-59 years\t\n M.\nF.\n11\n24\n5\n22\n6\n\t\n57\n11\n68\n60-69 years\t\n M.\n3\n16\n5\n18\n3\n3\n1\n40\n9\nF.\n49\n M.\n1\n12\n7\n 1 \t\n20\nF.\n1\n1\n2\n22\nNot stated\t\n M.\nF.\n M.\n\t\n\t\n1\n1\n1\n2\n1\n3\nTotals\t\n2\n66\n229\n106\n1\n8\n412\nF.\n2\n136\n161\n88\n1\n2\n12\n402\n4\n202\n390\n194\n1 I 3\n20\n814\nSource: Institutions, Admissions, Form T.B. 78. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 45\nThere has been a marked decrease in the number of British males admitted to\ntuberculosis institutions, from 331 in 1947 to 223 in 1948. The number of Europeans\nadmitted, both males and females, has increased from 197 to 272.\nTable 18.\u2014Admissions by Diagnosis, Sex, and Racial Origin, 1948.\n-\nDiagnosis.\nRacial Origin.\nPrimary.\nMinimal.\nModerately advanced.\nFar advanced.\nTbc.\nPleurisy\nwith\nEffusion.\nTbc.\nPleurisy\nwithout\nEffusion.\nOther\nDiagnoses.\nTotal.\nBritish races* M.\nF.\nT.\n2 | 38\n2 | 86\n4 124\n130\n95\n225\n50\n50\n100\n2\n2\n3\n5\n8\n223\n240\n463\nEuropean races M.\nF.\nT.\n19 j 81\n45 | 53\n64 134\n35\n26\n61\n1\n1\n5\n7\n12\n141\n131\n272\nChinese M.\nF.\nT.\n7 11\n1 2\n8 | 13\n19\n3\n22\n37\n6\n43\nJapanese M.\nF.\nT.\n1\n1\n1\n1\nHindu M.\nF.\nT.\n.... | 1 | 2\n.... ! 1 | 2\n1\n1\n3\n1\n4\nHalf-breed and Indian M.\nF.\nT.\n.... i 1 4\n3 | 10\n4 14\n1\n7\n8\n1\n1\n6\n21\n27\nNot stated M.\nF.\nT.\n\u2022\u2022\u25a0\u2022 1 1 1\n1 1\n1 j 2\n1\n1\n1\n3\n4\nTotals M.\nF.\n2 | 66 j 229\n2 136 161\n106\n88\n1\n1\n2\n8\n12\n412\n402\ni l\n4 1 202 1 390 1 194\n1\n3\n20\n814\n* Includes United States.\nSource: Institutions, Admissions, Form T.B. 78.\nTable 19.\u2014Admissions by Diagnosis, Sex, and Type of Case, 1948.\nDiagnosis.\nType of Case.\nPrimary.\nMinimal.\nModerately advanced.\nFar advanced.\nTbc.\nPleurisy\nwith\nEffusion.\nTbc.\nPleurisy\nwithout\nEffusion.\nOther\nDiagnoses.\nTotal\nby Sex.\nTotal.\nNew case M.\nF.\nF.\nReadmission M.\nF.\n2\n1\n1\n52\n96\n2\n25\n12\n15\n130\n96\n19\n20\n80\n45\n55\n43\n2\n12\n49\n33\n1\n1\n2\n3\n5\n7\n1\n243\n243\n28\n65\n141\n94\n486\n93\n235\nTotals M.\nF.\n2\n2\ni\n66 229 106\n136 161 88\n1\n1\n2\n8\n12\n412\n402\n1 1 1\n4 1 202 1 390 1 194\n1 1 3\n20\n\t\n814\nSource: Institutions, Admissions, Form T.B, 78. M 46\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nIt is encouraging to note that both the number and percentage of far advanced\ncases admitted to institutions in 1948 declined considerably from the figures of 1947.\nIn 1947 a total of 145 cases, or 26.6 per cent., were admitted as far advanced; in 1948\nthe number decreased to 98, the percentage to 20.2. The percentage of both minimal\nand moderately advanced cases increased.\nTable 20.-\n\u2014First Admissions\nby Institution and\nDiagnosis, 1948.\nTotal.\nInstitution.\nDiagnosis.\nTrar\nquille.\nVancouver.*\nVictoria.\nJericho Beach.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\n3\n148\n226\n98\n4\n7\n0.6\n30.5\n46.5\n20.2\n0.8\n1.4\n1\n62\n79\n21\n3\n5\n0.6\n36.3\n46.2\n12.3\n1.7\n2.9\n1\n50\n100\n68\n1\n0.5\n22.7\n45.4\n30.9\n0.5\n1\n29\n32\n5\n1\n1.5\n42.6\n47.1\n7.3\n1.5\n7\n15\n4\n1\n25.9\n55.6\n14.8\n3 7\nTotals\t\n486\n100.0\n171\n100.0\n220\n100.0\n68\n100.0\n27\n100 0\n1\n* Includes St. Joseph's Oriental Hospital.\nSource: Institutions, Admissions, Form T.B. 78. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 47\nChart 10.\u2014Showing First Admissions to Institutions by Institution\nand Diagnosis, 1948.\nNO. OF FIRST\nADMISSIONS\n250\n200\n150\n100\n50\nTOTAL\nTRANQUILLE\n i\nVANCOUVER j !\nVICTORIA\nMINIMAL MOD. ADV. FAR ADV. OTHER DIAG Chart 11.\u2014Showing First Admissions to Institutions by Diagnosis (Percentage\nDistribution) for the Years 1944 to 1948, inclusive. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 49\nTable 21.\u2014First Admissions by Diagnosis (Percentage Distribution) for the\nYears 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\n1944.\n1945.\n1946.\n1947.\n1948.\nDiagnosis.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent.\n3\n164\n211\n140\n7\n11\n0.6\n30.6\n39.4\n26.1\n1.3\n2.0\n1\n181\n238\n158\n8\n25\n0.2\n29.6\n39.0\n25.9\n1.3\n4.0\n3\n156\n228\n130\n6\n11\n0.6\n29.2\n42.7\n24.3\n1.1\n2.1\n5\n137\n241\n145\n6\n12\n0.9\n25.1\n44.1\n26.6\n1.1\n2.2\n3\n148\n226\n98\n4\n7\n0.6\nMinimal\t\n30.5\n46.5\n20.2\n0.8\nOther diagnoses\t\n1.4\nTotals\t\n536\n100.0\n611\n100.0\n534\n100.0\n546\n100.0\n486\n100.0\nSource: Institutions, Admissions, Form T.B. 78.\nThe situation noted last year, of a large percentage of the patients having to wait\nlonger than one month before admission to an institution, continues increasedly this\nyear. The only remedy for this is the provision of more facilities for treatment.\nTable 22.-\n-First Admissions by Diagnosis, Sex, and Time between Application\nand Admission, 1948.\nLength of Time between Application and Admission.\nDiagnosis.\n>\nu\n0)\nJH.J3\n\u25a0a c\na o\nDS\n\u2022is\n\u25a0si\nfit\n3\nCO O\nC\n\u25a0* o\nO.S\nJ3\nc\n\u2022J. o\noj\nfit\nTg\noj\nJ3\nA\n\u25a0*->\nC\nCO o\noj\nOS\nis\nOifi)\noS\nj_cfl\nr\u00b0 *\u00bb\n*\"\"S\no\nEH\nF.\nF.\nF.\nFar advanced M.\nF.\nTuberculous pleurisy with effusion M.\nF.\nTuberculous pleurisy without effusion M.\nF.\nF.\n1\n4\n10\n13\n9\n11\n8\n1\n1\n1\n1\n19\n28\n54\n34\n26\n19\n1\n1\n1\n14\n29\n34\n28\n10\n7\n1\n1\n1\n8\n13\n16\n10\n4\n4\n1\n1\n6\n5\n11\n4\n4\n2\ni\n4\n2\n6\n2\n6\n2\n1\n2\nl\nl\nl\n2\n1\n52\n96\n130\n96\n55\n43\n1\n1\n2\n3\n4\n3\n148\n226\n98\n1\n3\n7\nF.\n30\n28\n101\n84\n59 | 29\n66 j 28\n21\n11\n3\n12\n9\n2\n3\n243\n243\n58\n185\n125 1 57\n32\n15\n9\n2\n3\n486\nSource: Institutions, Admissions, Form T.B. 78. M 50\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nChart 12.\u2014Showing the Institutional Patient-days of the Division of\nTuberculosis Control for the Years 1939 to 1948, inclusive.\n280\n260\n240\n220\n200\n180\n160\n140\n120\n80\n40\n20\n- y.\nTRANCU\nHUE\nA\n*\n4*\n\/'\n\u2014 _ _\n\"^ 4sm\nVANC\nOUVER\n.\n\\s*~\n\u25a0\"'\n^\nVICTO\nRIA\nI\n1939 40 41 42\n44 45 46 47 1948 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 51\nThe number of institutional patient-days continues to increase. The effect of the\nopening of the Jericho Beach unit in July, 1947, was fully felt in 1948, that institution\naccounting for 33,062 patient-days during the year.\nTable 23.\u2014Institutional Patient-days of the Division of Tuberculosis\nControl for the Years 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nYear.\nTotal.\nTranquille.\nVancouver.\nVictoria.\n1944\t\n1945\t\n222,822\n226,994\n244,264\n255,688\n272,107\n122,298\n117,866\n121,197\n118,545\n115,819\n75,562\n83,111\n96,503\n110,584\n128,825\n24,962\n26,017\n1946\t\n1947\t\n26,564\n26,559\n1948\t\n27,463\nSource: Institutional Summary, 1948.\nTable 24.\u2014Admissions to Institutions by Year of Arrival in British Columbia,\nDiagnosis and Type of Case, 1948.\nDiagnosis.\nYear and Type of Case.\nPrimary.\nMinimal.\nModerately advanced.\nFar advanced.\nTbc.\nPleurisy\nwith\nEffusion.\nTbc.\nPleurisy\nwithout\nEffusion.\nOther\nDiagnoses.\nTotals.\nNew\u2014\u25a0\nPrior to 1941\t\n2\n1\n\t\n97\n3\n8\n2\n3\n9\n15\n6\n3\n2\n166\n4\n5\n3\n7\n12\n12\n10\n4\n3\n79\n2\n1\n3\n2\n5\n2\n2\n2\n1\n2\n1\n6\n1\n351\n1941\t\n1942\t\n7\n16\n1943\t\n6\n1944\t\n13\n1945\t\n23\n1946\t\n1947 \t\n34\n18\n1948\t\n10\n8\nTotals\t\n3\n148\n226\n98\n1\n3\n7\n486\nReview\u2014\nPrior to 1941 \t\n1\n25\n1\n1\n29\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n3\n1\n12\n1\n1\n7\n5\n74\n1941 . .. \t\n1\n1942\t\n1943 \t\n1\n1\n1944\t\n1945 \t\n3\n1\n1946 \t\n2\n1947 . \t\n3\n1948\t\n1\n6\nTotals \t\n1\n27\n39\n14\n12\n93\nReadmission\u2014\nPrior to 1941\t\n21\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n103\n6\n4\n3\n1\n2\n3\n2\n1\n72\n1\n2\n2\n1\n1\n3\n196\n1941\t\n1942 \t\n7\n5\n1943\t\n6\n1944 \t\n3\n1945 \t\n3\n1946\t\n1\n6\n1947\t\n1948 ...\n3\n1\n5\nTotals\t\n27\n125\n82\n1\n235\nGrand totals\t\n4\n202\n390\n194\n1\n3\n20\n814\nSource: Institutions, Admissions, Form T.B. 78. M 52\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nINSTITUTIONS\u2014DISCHARGES.\nChart 13.\u2014Showing Discharges from Institutions by Condition on Discharge,\n1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nPER CENT\n40\n0\n0\n0\n0\n0\n*\"-...\nQUIESCENT\n0\n0\n0\n\"\u25a0I*\n\"\"\"---\nV^ APR AR\n\/\nRESTED \/\n\/\n.^\n\u25a0N\nARRESTED\n^^\n-\nDE\nAD\nIMPROVED\nA\\\nUNIMP\n\\\n\u2022v\n\\\nROVED \\\nA\n4-\n\"->*\t\n,' \t\n_\u201e--\u2022 '\nTable 25.\u2014Discharges from Institutions by Condition on Discharge,\n1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nCondition.\nNo.\nPer\nCent.\nNo.\nPer\nCent.\n1946.\nNo.\nPer\nCent.\nNo.\nPer\nCent.\n1948.\nNo.\nPer\nCent.\nArrested\t\nApparently arrested..\nQuiescent\t\nActive improved\t\nActive unimproved\t\nDead\t\nOther diagnoses\t\nTotals\t\n27\n109\n273\n124\n62\n158\n28\n781\n3.5\n14.0\n34.9\n15.9\n7.9\n20.2\n3.6\n100.0\n23\n104\n269\n126\n78\n182\n36\n2.8\n12.7\n32.9\n15.4\n9.5\n22.3\n4.4\n29\n79\n269\n154\n32\n818\n100.0\n839\n3.5\n9.4\n32.0\n18.4\n10.5\n22.4\n3.8\n28\n125\n265\n79\n89\n195\n29\n3.5\n15.4\n32.7\n9.8\n11.0\n24.0\n3.6\n100.0\n810\n100.0\n20\n112\n313\n106\n86\n148\n31\n816\n2.5\n13.7\n38.4\n13.0\n10.5\n18.1\n100.0\nSource: Institutions, Discharges, Form T.B. 79. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948. M 53\nAn increase occurred this year in the number discharged as quiescent. Last year\n265 in this category were discharged, while the number increased to 313 in 1948.\nA percentage of 54.9 of the persons discharged were in a quiescent condition of tuberculosis or better. Last year the percentage was 51.6. The number discharged as dead\nin 1947 was 195, compared to 148 this year.\nTable 26.\u2014Discharges from Institutions by Condition on Discharge, Sex, and\nLength of Treatment during Previous Admissions, 1948.\nCondition on Discharge.\nLength of Treatment during Previous Admissions.\nUnder 1\nMonth.\n1-4\nMonths.\n4-8\nMonths.\n8-12\nMonths.\n1-2\nYears.\n2-3\nYears.\n3-5\nYears.\nOver 5\nYears.\nNot admitted\nbefore.\nTotal\nby Sex.\nTotal.\nApparently cured ...M.\nF.\nArrested M.\nF.\nApparently arrested ...M.\nF.\nQuiescent M.\nF.\nActive improved M.\nF.\nActive unimproved . M.\nF.\nDead M.\nF.\nNon-pulmonary M.\nF.\nNon-tuberculous M.\nF.\nUndiagnosed M.\nF.\nTotals M.\nF.\nGrand totals\t\n1\n2\n1\n1\n1\n3\n2\n5\n7\n3\n2\n1\n4\n2\n1\n2\n4\n4\n22\n9\n3\n1\n5\n4\n7\n6\n5\n3\n8\n11\n4\n2\n5\n1\n7\n5\n1\n1\n1\n3\n5\n15\n24\n1\n3\n9\n6\n10\n6\n1\n1\n2\n2\n1\n1\n11\n2\n2\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n6\n4\n2\n1\n7\n3\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n1\n1\n2\n6\n5\n51\n26\n101\n84\n34\n47\n31\n18\n60\n26\n3\n2\n6\n11\n3\n2\n2\n1\n10\n10\n70\n42\n160\n153\n44\n62\n55\"\n31\n98\n50\n4\n2\n6\n11\n3\n2\n3\n20\n112\n313\n106\n86\n148\n6\n17\n5\n3\n3\n14\n15\n42\n26\n29\n22\n40\n46\n8\n16\n15\n11\n6\n4\n295\n221\n452\n364\n6\n29\n68\n51\n86 j 24\n1\n26\n10\n516\n816\nSource: Institutions,\nDischarge\n, Form T\n.B. 79. M 54\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nTable 27.\u2014Discharges from Institutions by Condition on Discharge, Sex, and\nLength of Last Stay in Institution, 1948.\nLength of Last Stay in Institution.\nCondition on Discharge.\nUnder 1\nMonth.\n1-4\nMonths.\n4-8\nMonths.\n8-12\nMonths.\n1-2\nYears.\n2-3\nYears.\n3-5\nYears.\nOver 5\nYears.\nNot\nstated.\nTotal\nby Sex.\nTotal.\nApparently cured M.\nF.\nArrested M.\nF.\nApparently arrested ...M.\nF.\nQuiescent M.\nF.\nActive improved M.\nF.\nActive unimproved M.\nF.\nDead M.\nF.\nNon-pulmonary M.\nF.\nNon-tuberculous M.\nF.\nUndiagnosed M.\nF.\n1\n1\n3\n4\n10\n12\n33\n2\n5\n15\n7\n27\n13\n2\n4\n7\n2\n2\n1\n3\n5\n2\n24\n26\n9\n9\n13\n8\n14\n9\n2\n1\n2\n3\n1\n3\n7\n6\n38\n34\n10\n14\n11\n4\n15\n6\n1\n1\n3\n1\n15\n8\n33\n29\n13\n13\n5\n6\n9\n6\n2\n2\n29\n10\n41\n1\n1\n1\n3\n7\n3\n3\n3\n1\n7\n3\n....\n3\n2\n5\n2\n1\n2\n1\n10\n10\n70\n42\n160\n153\n44\n62\n55\n31\n98\n50\n4\n2\n6\n11\n3\n2\n3\n20\n112\n24\n9\n16\n7\n5\n18\n10\n...\n...\n3\n1\n2\n1\n7\n2\n1\n1\n1\n313\n106\n86\n148\n6\n17\n5\nTotals M.\nF.\n69\n81\n71 84\n61 66\n78\n63\n106 j 24 j 17\n67 | 14 9\n3\n3\n452\n364 | \t\nGrand totals\t\n150 | 132\n1\n150\n141\n173 38 26\n!\n6\n816\nSource: Institutions, Discharges, Form T.B. 79.\nTable 28.\u2014Discharges from Institutions by Condition on Discharge, Sex, and\nHome Condition, 1948.\nCondition on Discharge.\nActive.\n0J\no\nUJ\nOJ\nInactive.\n-6\nh\na\nc\no\nS\na\na\nW*\n3\nO\nu\nu\nCD\nA\n+->\n0>\no\nd\n60\ncS\nOJ\nto\n>,\nXI\n*rt\nHome Condition.\nT3\n>\nO\nT3\nOJ\n>\no\nu\na\nS\nt\nQJ\nIs\nn w\nG\nOl\nri .\nn.T3\na o>\n*3\n1\na\nX\ns\na\nri\n<\n<\u00a7\nOJ\nP\no\nX\nO\nX\na\nX\nO\no\nSatisfactory \t\nM\n37\n36\n141\n9\n64\ni\n4\n2\n2\n3\n299\nF.\n50\n20\n144\n10\n39\ni\n1\n1\n7\n2\n275\n574\nM,\n3\n2\n8\n9\n4\n1\n1\n16\n12\nF.\n28\nM\n4\n10\n11\n2\n15\n8\n1\n5\n3\ni\n94\n49\n2\n1 \u25a0\n4\n4\n137\n77\nF.\nM\n214\nTotals \t\n44\n55\n160\n10\n70\n2\n98\n4\n6\n3\n452\nF.\n62\n31\n153\n10\n42\n1\n50\n2\n11\n2\n364\n106\n86\n313\n20\n112\n3\n1\n148 I 6\n17\n5\nSource: Institutions, Discharges, Form T.B. 79. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 55\noo\nui\nPh\nP\nO\nA\nCS\nI\no\nQ\nZ\n\noj co 'rt\nt,o _a\ntH t- O OS CJ\nt\u2014 CO-\u2014leoioCiT-iOJO\na\nM O O N CO\non\nOOO\nt- 0 00 t- eo !-* m 10\n00 t- -xi to to\nte\nO IO O\n>a t- to ia \u25a0<*\nt-oot>t-eoeo t- t-\nEH\n<\nPhO^;\na\ng\ni, m 'L*\noj 5 >\ntO rH CO tr- tO\non\nh eg n\nc\nN M t- O M O\"\nCA CO CA CA Ci\nCO\nT\nT\nO N ffl 00 -H* t;\nOl t-\nU\n_,^ CS\nSo _g\n-5o*5\n0 eo 10 oi oj r-\n10 t\"\nH\nOJ OJ i-H OJ\nOl Cl\nfr!\n(M\n0.\nCO\nc\nED\nO\n-J\nW\nOJ\nrH ; rH rH\nCO\n: : c- \u25a0*\u25a0* \u2022* co\ncc\nO\nCS\nUl\nfl\nU2\n(N\nco\np\nU\nQJ\nQJ\n4-J\n; ca a eo co\nr\u2014\n; oj : rn :\nO IO rH CA 00 c-\nCQ\nCO\nO\n2\n1-1\nz*.\nr-t CO OJ OJ\non\nCC Ol O rH 01 ia\nIC\nCO\nc\nEd\nX\n>\n. QJ\nO\nr j3 dd tj* H M\nu s a S-0 \u00b0\nCO\nec\n0 ia OJ \u25a0\u25a0\u25a0* 0 co\nCl\n00\n<\u25a0#\ne\u00bb\nH\noj\n52\nH\n0\ns 6\naS\n0 0\no3\n\u00a3E\nP \u00a3\n.S-a\n1*\n0_H\n\u25a0 \u25a0 rH \u25a0 \u25a0\nH\n00 10 w co eo oi\nec\nc-\n\u00a3S\n\u25a0fll\nD D.m\nCJ CO fl\" Ci CA\n00\n: 0 : 0 :\ncr\nia O OJ rH O\n0\nt- oj cj 0 0 eo\ncc\nco\nOS+j\n\u00ab (O H r. tP\n0\n: 0 : 0\nO\n0 eo t-h t- 0\nIO \n_\u25a0 ra n m -fl\nrr\nfl\n: rrj +j\nCl H M\n\u201e\nO\n\u25a0fl\nCT\n^3\nQJ M\nc\n\u25a0fl\na\nCi\nri\n0\nS | 1 7 V ^ 0 c 1 1 \"T 1 d 0\nG 0 10 0 10 0 >-_ rtol0Ol0O\n2 HHN?! g rt rt CJ 2\nC 1 I -\n\u25a0Sill\n0 O IO <=\nPi\n.3 d ik c-\nIO O 1-,\nSSZ\nO\nt-B\nr-H\n< M 56\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\n\u2022pajjodaj. ^ou\nOi\nfl< :\nO\nOJ to\nOJ\nM\nsasBQ jo -^uao jaj\nio j j : rn :\nIO\nia ca ;\n^_j\n\u2022pa-jaodaj }ou\nOJ\nCO\neo :\n00\noo fc- :\nCO CO\no\nto\nH M\nS8S133 jo asquint\n\u25a0aAijuSa^i\nO rH :\nrH .\nc-\no ia :\no\nS3st30 jo -iuao aaj\nCO rH\nCO CO\nt-\n00\nCO fc-\nLO\nfc-\n\u2022aAi-jeSaj-j\nto fl*\n\u2022fl* :\nfc-\ne\u00a3\n00\nCl fl\"\no oo :\nCl\ntr\nsasuQ jo aaqoin^;\nrt\noj co : : : :\nIO\nrH Ol\nio\n>\nQJ\n>\n\u25a0qo^uj\neo fli\no\nso\nfl< CO\n\u25a0fli ;\nco\" :\nCO\nh\n5ij\nZ QJ\nH\n\u20223HT\n-\nri\noi a :\nci co :\nCl\nH\noj :\nH\n00\nH\nOS\n\u2022sjm ot\/i\nCO\nrH ci :\nCO\nCO\n\u25a0fll\n\u25a0\u25a0tf\n\"Sp\n: : ; : -=? :\n\u25a0fll\noo io :\nfc-\nqj >i\n*^W OS\/T\nc- :\n__-\nto Cl\n\u2022fl* co :\nCQ\nia\n>H\n\u00a3\n>\n&\n\u20223j\\[ OOT\/X\nCO\n: c-j\n; t-\nto\nt-\nP\nUl\nfe\n'oeqiO\no :\no\no\n'S\nPh\n\u25a0a\n\u25a0cpadsng\nH i ! I H :\nOJ\n: oi\n: cj :\nCO\nP\n0)\nEn\np\no o\noi :\n0)\nfc- oj :\n00\nJM\nOJ\n\u2022aAi^'BSa^\nCO rt\nCO I\nOI\nco :\nCi\n\u25a0fli\nP5\nH\nfi\\\nO\n1-1\nW\n\u2022Abj-x oh\nCO\nco :\nrH\nfc- io :\noi :\nCO\n>__\nP\nrH\n03\nW\nM\no\n\u25a0z;\n\u2022Dqx punoj sasuo\no\ntO rH\n00\n9Ap;so_[ jo *-.i\u00bbo Jtaj\n-1\t\nrt\nOJ CO\n04\n1 0\n\u2022^jBuouqnd-uo^\nfl\"\nH\n23\nc u\nSB\nEh\nUl\no\n3M\nQe5\n\u2022^JBuoxujnj\n1-1\nN fli\nfc-\nPh\nP\nP\nEh\nW\na\nH\n\u25a0aAi^isoj\nrH Cl\nIO\nCO\n00 Cl\n00\nsasBQ jo -;uaa -iaj\n5\n\u2022aApisoj\n0 o\n01 rH\nCO\nCO\nco o :\nc- oo :\no\nP5\nsasBQ jo jaqiunjsi\nrH\nio :\nCO\nP\nEH\n\u25a0*\n\u2022\"\u25a0\nI\n1\n\u2022qo^-ej\nCl rt\no\nto :\nc-\n;\npa\nPQ\nCMS\n1*H\n\u2022%!\noj co :\nOJ Cl\no\nOJ\nt-\nm\nH\n\nIV\n3\n: _\nP3 \" \u2022>\nXt\nH\nype of S\n01\n>i\nU\nB .3\nIS\nj | *1 i\n11 \u00a3 5 \u00a7\nCJ \u25a0\u2014' S0 -ri\nad\nS\nas\nu\nO\ny\nh\nfl\n0\nEh\ns-SiE _s ss a\nw\nft\ns\nc\nbf.\ns\n0\nc\np\n\u25a0E\nc\n1 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 57\noo\n*>\u25a0*\nui\no\n<\na\n55\n<\nPh\nP\no\nw\no\nH\nCQ\noi\nH\nP\nm\ntf\no\n!H\nto\nH\nH\nJ\nP\no\n03\nW\nCQ\nP\nH\nw\np\nCQ\n CO O IO tD fli\nrH rH rH OJ\n\u00a3\nAH ^ rH\nO\nJH EO rQ\nz\nQ) __\nCO Ol \u2022\u2014\" 00 Ol CO\nI> O) od to to o\no\nIO\nC- t- fc- fc- to to\nt-\nEh\n5jm oj\n8\nfc\nCH\u00abiZi\ntH CO QJ\nEh\nW\na\nE-i\nQJ QJ >\nr-r*ri QJ\nOJ OJ tD rt Ol Ol\nOl\nfl\" fc- CO t-H tO fl\"\nfc-\no eo to o oj rt\nCJ OJ rt rt OJ\nc-\ntH\nrt\no\nCO IO IO 00 -fl\" CO\n00\n00\no\n-p\nto\nCJ\nQJ\nco\nO\nQJ\nPi\nrH : tr- io w M\neo\nP\nP\nbfl\nW\n\u00abs\nQ\nu\naj\naj\no co to to OJ t-\n00\n43\nrt\nrt CO rt O eO rt\nCl\n-p\nri\nrt rt OJ OJ fc-\nfll\nO\nQJ\n15\n\"*\nOl CJ CJ CO OJ IO\nCO\nM\nOJ rt rt rt fll\nrH\n0\nEd\n>\nX\nt*H\nH\n\u00b0. 4) PS\n4).+: to T3 13\nI* -SJ8\n02\nO\nPh\nOl fl\" fl\" CO O CO\n00\nio cj cj rt cj ec\nOJ\nEh\nOJ\nH\na\u00a3\nrH I : OJ rH\nfll\nc c\n'S p\no o\nxs\n2 3\nP O\n.8 J\nPng\nQ&\n00 io to CO to CJ\nfc-\nfll\nE\na 8 \u00a3\n8 S.S\nOJJ.-g\nfc- CO fc- CO rt. \"fl\nCO\nid tO rH t~ fc^ IO\nCO\nrH rH CJ l\u2014\nrH\ngm o\nCm \u00b0Ch\nfe s s;\nCJ o eo -fl1 rt OC\nrH\nIO rH \u00abH CO CJ CC\no\nrt OJ OJ OJ Cl\nCO\ng-sl\nH*\nt. to\nOV 0> _'\nCI IO io to IO t-\no\nSo\nfl\" fl\" oi rH ci fl\n\u2022fll\nee co o co co o.\nCJ CO Cl\" rH CO\no\nCO\nrH\na\n3\n0\n&\nfcO\nM\nA\nbo\nQJ X\nto\n3\n<|\n* J\no\nfl\" Cl fl\nCl q <\/\n\u2022\u2014\n1 c\nO IO o\nio o >-_\nc--\nA M 58\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nKNOWN CASES OF TUBERCULOSIS.\nThe increasing trend in known cases of tuberculosis, which was noted last year,\nhas continued this year. In 1947 there were 15,408 known cases of tuberculosis in the\nProvince; the figure this year is 16,812. The known cases among the other-than-Indian\npopulation increased 8.2 per cent., from 13,430 to 14,528, while the number of known\nIndian cases increased 15.5 per cent., from 1,978 to 2,284.\nTable 32.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis among the Total Population of British\nColumbia, by Statistical Area, as at December 31st, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nYear.\nArea\n1.\n1\nArea I Area\n2. 3.\n|\nArea I Area\n4. 5.\nArea\n6.\nArea I Area 1 Area 1 Area r*ia\n7* | 8* 1 9* j 10* sta?ed.\nTotal.\nTotal, 1944\t\n161\n173\n238\n250\n287\n469 | 423\n595 1 530\n622 | 586\n743 [ 739\n768 | 767\n6,948 [ 1,608\n7,757 [ 1,928\n8,251 | 1,976\n8,802 | 2,230\n9,399 | 2,447\n581\n620\n743\n795\n832\n1 1 !\n191 | 467 | 411 | 42\n238 [ 535 j 519 j 46\n274 | 529 j 525 | 57\n302 | 513 [ 596 | 63\n364 | 662 [ 719 1 79\n1 I I\n168\n175\n268\n11,469\n1945\t\n1946\t\n13,116\n14.069\n1947. \t\n375 1 15.408\n1948\t\n488\n16,812\nTable 33.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis among the Other-than-Indian Population of British Columbia, by Statistical Area, as at December 31st, 1944 to\n1948, inclusive.\nYear.\n1 1 1 1\nArea i Area [ Area Area 1 Area\n1. ! 2. 3. 1 4. 5.\n1 I 1 \u25a0 [\nArea [ Area i Area 1 Area ! Area\n6. 7. I 8. 1 9. 1 10.\nArea\nnot\nstated.\nTotal.\nOther than Indians\u2014\n1944\t\n1 1 1 1\nI I\n109 | 464 | 380 | 6,634 | 1,312\n115 j 590 [ 483 [ 7,382 | 1,580\n184 | 616 | 540 | 7,875 | 1,653\n205 | 739 j 687 j 8,385 | 1,867\n239 | 764 1 714 1 8,978 | 2,018\n1 I 1\n360 | 86 j 163 [ 163 j 38\n369 | 100 | 181 | 213 [ 39\n501 | 137 [ 217 [ 229 | 48\n516 1 157 | 237 | 231 [ 48\n546 [ 179 | 285 | 274 | 57\ni 1 1 1\n162\n160\n254\n358\n474\n9,861\n1945\t\n11,212\n1946.. \t\n12,254\n13,430\n14,528\n1947\t\n1948\t\nTable 34.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis among the Indian Population of British\nColumbia, by Statistical Area, as at December 31st, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nYear.\nIll\nArea I Area I Area I Area ] Area\n1. 1 2. | 3. 4. 5.\n1 1 1\n1\nArea 1 Area\n6. I 7.\n1\nArea 1 Area i Area\n8. I 9. i 10.\nArea\nnot\nstated.\nTotal.\nIndians only\u2014\n1944\t\n52 | 5 | 43 | 314\n58 j 5 47 | 375\n54 | 6 46 j 376\n45 [ 4 52 | 417\n48 | 4 | 53 [ 421\n1 1 1\n296\n348\n323\n363\n429\n231\n251\n242\n279\n286\n105\n138\n137\n145\n185\n304 j 248 j 4\n354 | 306 | . 7\n312 | 296 j 9\n276 | 365 | 15\n377 | 445 j 22\n6\n15\n14\n17\n14\n1,608\n1,904\n1,815\n1,978\n2,284\n1945\t\n1946... \t\n1947*\t\n1948t \t\n* These figures include 141 Indians of white status,\nt These figures include 84 Indians of white status. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nTable 35.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis by Area and Cm\nand Sex, 1948.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nM 59\nof Residence\nPlace of Residence.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\nPlace of Residence.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\n124 1 115\n239\n3\n54\n56\n24\n102\n764\n5\n36\n22\n2\n177\n67\n46\n58\n5\n5\n25\n143\n173\n714\n22\n2\n13\n49\n20\n157\n12\n14\n8\n99\n2\n40\n124\n152\n8,978\n38\n311\n86\n117\n380\n36\n1\n4\n27\n18\n25\n100\n108\n33\n39\n33\n633\n230\n47\n8\n22\n20\n.154\n2\n11\n221\n5,972\nArea No. 4\u2014Continved.\nWest Vancouver\t\n68\n100\n1,128\n19\n3\n1\n5\n15\n10\n29\n42\n20\n9\n78\n17\n52\n6\n44\n2\n162\n3\n386\n225\n299\n124\n6\n10\n4\n20\n9\n126\n95\n2\n93\n162\n4\n5\n34\n23\n4\n6\n11\n75\n149\n112\n4\n4\n29\n26\n9\n2\n3\n12\n297\n49\n85\n890\n30\n4\n1\n1\n9\n14\n40\n25\n26\n7\n54\n15\n31\n3\n46\n2\n82\n3\n309\n188\n247\n105\n3\n3\n14\n1\n13\n2\n106\n84\n3\n3\n78\n123\n6\n1\n4\n31\n11\n13\n4\n4\n49\n125\n85\n1\n14\n25\n31\n11\n4\n4\n12\n177\n117\n185\n2,018\n49\n7\n2\n6\n24\n24\n1\n18\n33\n10\n62\n412\n2\n16\n13\n1\n94\n43\n26\n25\n4\n2\n12\n85\n89\n389\n13\n2\n9\n27\n11\n90\n9\n8\n5\n53\n2\n17\n57\n86\n5,014\n19\n177\n48\n54\n210\n16\n1\n1\n16\n9\n12\n61\n63\n17\n14\n18\n314\n134\n31\n4\n12\n12\n79\n2\n5\n121\n3.396\n2\n36\n23\n14\n40\n352\n3\n20\n9\n1\n83\n24\n20\n33\n1\n3\n13\n58\n84\n325\n9\n4\n22\n9\n67\n3\n6\n3\n46\n23\n67\n66\n3,964\n19\n134\n38\n63\n170\n20\n3\n11\n9\n13\n39\n45\n16\n25\n15\n319\n96\n16\n4\n10\n8\n75\n6\n100\n2.576\nAlberni\t\nCampbell River\t\nComox\t\n69\nNelson\t\nNew Denver\t\nEsquimalt\t\nLadysmith\t\nLake Cowichan\t\nNanaimo\t\nNorth Cowichan\t\nOak Bay\t\n67\n46\n16\n132\n32\n83\nParksville...\t\n9\nTrail\t\n90\n4\nSaanich\t\nToflno\t\nVictoria\t\n244\n6\nColdstream\t\nEnderby\t\n695\n413\nArea No. 6\t\n546\n229\nKelowna\t\n9\nLytton\t\nMerritt \t\nNorth Kamloops\t\n3\nOsoyoos\t\nPeachland\t\n24\n5\n33\nSalmon Arm District\t\n11\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 7\t\nCranberry Lake\t\n232\n179\n3\nWestview\t\n5\nAbbotsford\t\n171\n285\nChilliwack City\t\n10\n1\nMcBride\t\n9\nDelta\t\n65\n34\nSmithers...\t\nVanderhoof\t\nWilliams Lake\t\n17\nGibsons Landing\t\n10\n15\nKent\t\n124\n274\n197\nStewart\t\n5\n18\nMission District\t\n54\nArea No. 10\t\nDawson Creek\t\nFort St. John\t\n57\n20\nNorth Vancouver District\n6\n7\n24\n474\nSquamish\t\n8,095\n6,433\n14,628\nSurrey\t\n265\n229\n49 d\nSource: Case Examination,\nForm T.B. 1. M 60\nDEPARTMENT OP HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nTable 36.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis by Area and City of Residence\nand Sex, 1948.\n(Indians only.*)\nPlace of Residence.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\nPlace of Residence.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\n24\n10\n14\n4\n3\n1\n34\n7\n1\n1\n5\n10\n10\n208\n11\n24\n1\n4\n1\n28\n3\n2\n3\n1\n1\n21\n8\n6\n3\n11\n80\n195\n22\n29\n1\n3\n24\n9\n15\n19\n7\n1\n2\n2\n7\n213\n1\n6\n21\n2\n3\n1\n30\n1\n6\n1\n1\n35\n5\n6\n2\n3\n9\n2\n78\n234\n12\n27\n3\n1\n48\n19\n29\n4\n3\n1\n53\n14\n2\n1\n7\n12\n17\n421\n1\n17\n45\n3\n7\n2\n58\n4\n8\n1\n4\n1\n1\n56\n13\n12\n2\n6\n20\n2\n158\n429\n34\n56\n4\n4\nArea No. 5\u2014Continued.\n14\n1\n3\n5\n6\n6\n7\n1\n98\n142\n16\n10\n6\n3\n4\n103\n85\n85\n175\n5\n6\n164\n220\n4\n216\n10\n10\n6\n2\n17\n2\n6\n8\n3\n14\n9\n2\n128\n144\n20\n12\n9\n12\n6\n85\n100\n100\n202\n1\n1\n3\n8\n189\n225\n10\n1\n214\n12\n12\n8\n2\n31\n1\n3\n2\n11\n13\n9\n21\nToflno\t\n10\n2\n226\nArea No. 6\t\n286\n36\n22\n15\n15\nDelta \t\n10\n188\nKent \t\nArea No. 7\t\n185\n185\n377\n1\n1\n8\nWilliams Lake\t\n14\n353\n445\n14\n1\n430\n22\n22\n14\n1,103\n1,181\n2,284\n1\n3\n4\n* These figures include 84 Indians of white status.\nSource: Case Examination, Form T.B. 1. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 61\nChart 14.\u2014Showing the Rate per 100,000 Population of Known Cases of\nTuberculosis in British Columbia, by Age-groups and Sex, 1948.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nLEGEND\nMALE -\nFEMALE \u25a0\nTOTAL -\n\u25a1\n__JIIJ1\n5-9 YRS 10-14 YRS. 15-19 YRS\n24 YRS. 25-29YRS 30-39 YRS 40-49YRS. 50-_9YRS- 60-69 YRS. 70YRSGOVER\nTable 37.\u2014Rate per 100,000 Population of Known Cases of Tuberculosis in\nBritish Columbia, by Age-groups and Sex, 1948.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nPopulation.\n0-4\nYears.\n5-9\nYears.\n10-14\nYears.\n15-19\nYears.\n20-24\nYears.\n25-29\nYears.\n30-39\nYears.\n40-49\nYears.\n50-59\nYears.\n60-69\nYears.\n70-79\nYears.\n80 and\nover.\nTotal.\nTotal\t\n75.1\n75.1\n75.2\n303.3\n330.2\n275.9\n364.7\n347.5\n382.2\n504.7\n467.9\n542.7\nI\n1.114.8 1 1.871.0\n2,203.6\n1,937.5\n2,470.0\n1\n2.195.0 1 1.715.7\n1,866.0\n2,373.9\n1,181.4\n1,310.6\n1,669.8\n836.2\n1,190.9\n1,540.7\n758.4\n1,378.4\nMale\t\nFemale.\t\n975.5\n1,248.0\n1,795.6\n1,943.2\n2,365.3\n2,000.0\n2,155.5\n1,197.0\n1,477.3\n1,271.3 M 62\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nIn two age-groups the number of known cases of tuberculosis has decreased from\n84 to 80 in the 0-4 age-group and from 1,042 to 977 in the 20-24-year group. In all\nthe other groups the number has increased. The percentage of cases under the various\ndiagnoses remains in much the same position as last year.\nTable 38.\u2014Known Cases of Tuberculosis by Type of Infection, Present\nCondition, and Age-group, 1948.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nDiagnosis.\nPrimary\t\nApparently cured\t\nArrested\t\nApparently arrested\t\nQuiescent\t\nActive improved\t\nActive unimproved\t\nActive not stated\t\nCondition not stated\t\nMinimal\t\nApparently cured\t\nArrested\t\nApparently arrested\t\nQuiescent\t\nActive improved\t\nActive unimproved\t\nActive not stated\t\nCondition not stated\t\nModerately advanced\t\nApparently cured\t\nArrested\t\nApparently arrested\t\nQuiescent\t\nActive improved\t\nActive unimproved\t\nActive not stated\t\nCondition not stated\t\nFar advanced\t\nApparently cured\t\nArrested\t\nApparently arrested\t\nQuiescent\t\nActive improved\t\nActive unimproved\t\nActive not stated\t\nCondition not stated\t\nPulmonary tuberculosis\n(type not stated)\t\nPleurisy with effusion\t\nPleurisy without effusion\nFar advanced tuberculosis with silicosis\t\nNon-pulmonary\t\nTotals\t\n11\n80\n128\n9\n28\n19\n17\n7\n20\n28\n24\n1\n13\n1\n15\n100\n9\n35\n10\n11\n9\n11\n15\n43\n2\n11\n12\n7\n1\n1\n1\n49\n239\n75\n9\n39\n4\n9\n2\n1\n11\n147\n10\n22\n32\n27\n3\n28\n2\n23\n68\n1\n5\n10\n7\n3\n20\n1\n11\n12\n2\n1\n3\n1\n2\n23\n4\n2\n73\n5\n37\n6\n2\n3\n7\n13\n454\n54\n119\n102\n69\n18\n65\n1\n26\n220\n4\n24\n44\n40\n14\n82\n2\n10\n72\n5\n7\n14\n4\n34\n1\n7\n33\n15\n25\n6\n894\n147\n322\n192\n84\n35\n82\n32\n430\n16\n90\n93\n92\n1\n11\n126\n7\n17\n22\n10\n10\n51\n1\n47\n24\n13\n12\n1,998\n603\n720\n286\n142\n81\n91\n4\n71\n879\n86\n233\n183\n129\n50\n165\n2\n31\n332\n43\n79\n57\n48\n20\n78\n2\n5\n55\n28\n15\n114 | 194\n I\t\n977\n3\n1,632\n548\n540\n200\n65\n59\n46\n2\n72\n651\n81\n225\n95\n86\n24\n108\n2\n30\n283\n33\n75\n31\n40\n16\n74\n1\n13\n75\n16\n5\n154\n1,677 3,526 2,733\n1,089\n403\n402\n129\n41\n36\n35\n1\n42\n511\n74\n177\n77\n79\n27\n15\n197\n20\n62\n17\n27\n56\n7\n53\n7\n1\n5\n82\n1\n1\n1,073\n420\n367\n138\n27\n38\n23\n1\n59\n481\n53\n173\n64\n69\n17\n75\n30\n157\n13\n42\n15\n24\n6\n50\n46\n7\n1\n9\n57\n1,949\n1,836\n329\n125\n120\n44\n13\n5\n7\n15\n176\n29\n67\n19\n23\n9\n17 |\n\u00bbl\n64 |\n\u2022I\n21 |\n5 |\n12 |\n5|\n10 |\nI \t\n5 j 4\nI\n13 | 14\n3| 1\n622\nU\n508\n46\n174\n54\n50\n26\n55\n1\n102\n7,721\n2,355\n2,664\n1,171\n483\n282\n382\n14\n380\n3,498\n347\n1,014\n597\n531\n186\n635\n16\n172\n1,290\n125\n304\n159\n179\n72\n77\n415\n107\n49\n26\n914\n151 j 144 ! 14,528\nI I\nSource: Case Examination, Form T.B. 1. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 63\nChart 15.\u2014Showing the Ratio of Known Cases of Tuberculosis to Deaths from\nTuberculosis among the Total Population of British Columbia, the Other-\nthan-Indian Population, and the Indian Population, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nHatio\nI\nI\nn l\ni\nA considerable improvement has occurred in the ratio of known cases of tuberculosis to deaths from tuberculosis during 1948. The ratio for the total population\nchanged from 28.9 :1 to 38.5 :1; for the other-than-Indian population, from 35.8:1 to\n48.4:1; and for the Indian population, from 12.4:1 to 16.8:1.\nTable 39.\u2014Ratio of Known Cases of Tuberculosis to Deaths from Tuberculosis\namong the Total Population of British Columbia, the Other-than-Indian\nPopulation, and the Indian Population, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nYear.\nTotal.\nOther than Indian.\nIndian.\nKnown\nCases.\nDeaths.\nRatio.\nKnown\nCases.\nDeaths.\nRatio.\nKnown\nCases.*\nDeaths.t\nRatio.\n1944\t\n11,469\n13,116\n14,069\n15,408\n16,812\n517\n525\n576\n534\n436\n22.2: 1\n25.0: 1\n24.4: 1\n28.9: 1\n38.5: 1\n9,861\n11,212\n12,254\n13,430\n14,528\n1\n346 [ 28.5:1\n363 [ 30.9: 1\n369 [ 33.2:1\n375 [ 35.8:1\n300 1 48.4: 1\n1,608\n1,904\n1,815\n1,978\n2,284\n171\n162\n207\n159\n136\n9.4\n11.8\n8.8\n12.4\n16.8\n1\n1945\t\n1\n1946\t\n1947\t\n1\n1\n1948\t\n1\n* These figures include:\nt These figures include :\n1947, 141 Indians of white status; 1948, 84 Indians of white status.\n1947, 9 Indians of white status; 1948, 12 Indians of white status. M 64\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nNOTIFICATIONS OF TUBERCULOSIS.\nA decline from 2,616 to 2,108 was registered in the number of new cases of tuberculosis this year. The number in the other-than-Indian population decreased to 1,555\nfrom the 1947 figure of 1,971, while the number of Indian cases was reduced from 645\nin 1947 to 553 in 1948.\nTable 40.\u2014New Cases of Tuberculosis among the Total Population of British\nColumbia by Statistical Area, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nYear.\nArea 1.\nArea 2.\nArea 3.\nArea 4.\nArea 5.\nArea 6.\nArea 7.\nTotal, 1944 \t\n27\n16\n86\n43\n44\n87\n140\n110\n163\n78\n80\n119\n105\n192\n71\n1,196\n985\n1,308\n1,087\n988\n269\n393\n320\n416\n382\n112\n65\n170\n168\n93\n42\n1945 \t\n55\n1946 \t\n54\n1947 \t\n71\n1948 \t\n74\nYear.\nArea 8.\nArea 9.\nArea 10.\nNot\nstated.\nEx-Province.\nTotal.\nTotal, 1944 \t\n103\n108\n80\n175\n179\n178\n153\n66\n201\n139\n28\n11\n25\n34\n35\n8\n14\n9\n10\n7\n16\n20\n40\n56\n18\n2,146\n2,079\n2,373\n1945 \t\n1946 \t\n1947\t\n2,616\n1948 \t\n2,108\nTable 41.\u2014New Cases of Tuberculosis among the Other-than-Indian Population\nof British Columbia by Statistical Area, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nYear.\nArea 1.\nArea 2.\nArea 3.\nArea 4.\nArea 5.\nArea 6.\nArea 7.\nOther than Indian\u2014\n1944\t\n12\n11\n82\n34\n40\n86\n140\n110\n162\n78\n58\n112\n97\n171\n58\n1,131\n916\n1,266\n989\n913\n164\n314\n269\n327\n276\n36\n27\n133\n83\n50\n9\n1945\t\n1946\t\n1947\t\n18\n29\n30\n1948\t\n24\nYear.\nArea 8.\nArea 9.\nArea 10.\nNot\nstated.\nEx-Prov-\ninee.\nTotal.\nOther than Indian\u2014\n1944\t\n1945\t\n25\n29\n41\n50\n50\n42\n66\n31\n45\n36\n16\n6\n12\n16\n14\n2\n3\n7\n10\n3\n14\n20\n40\n54\n13\n1,595\n1,662\n2,117\n1,971\n1,555\n1946 \t\n1947\t\n1948\t TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 65\nTable 42.\u2014New Cases of Tuberculosis among the Indian Population of British\nColumbia by Statistical Area, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nYear.\nArea 1.\nArea 2.\nArea 3.\nArea 4.\nArea 5.\nArea 6.\nArea 7.\nIndians only\u2014\n1944\t\n1945 . \t\n15\n5\n4\n9\n4\n1\n1\n22\n7\n8\n21\n13\n65\n69\n42\n98\n75\n105\n79\n51\n89\n106\n76\n38\n37\n85\n43\n33\n37\n1946\t\n1947*\t\n25\n41\n1948| : .-..'\t\n50\nYear.\nArea 8.\nArea 9.\nArea 10.\nNot\nstated.\nEx-Province.\nTotal.\nIndians only\u2014\n1944 \t\n1945\n85\n79\n39\n125\n129\n136\n87\n35\n156\n103\n12\n5\n13\n18\n21\n6\n11\n2\n4\n2\n\t\n\t\n2\n5\n558\n417\n1946 \t\n256\n1947*\t\n645\n1948f\t\n553\nTable 43.\u2014Incidence per 1,000 Population of New Cases of Tuberculosis among\nthe Total Population of British Columbia, the Other-than-Indian Population, and the Indian Population, 1948.\nPopulation.\nArea\n1.\nArea\n2.\nArea\n3.\nArea\n4.\nArea\n5.\nArea\n6.\nArea\n7.\nArea\n8.\nArea\n9.\nArea\n10.\nTotal.\nTotal\t\n1.68\n1.55\n10.00\n1.41\n1.42\n1.00\n0.80\n10.80\n1.61\n1.49\n20.83\n1.96\n1.46\n20.38\n2.57\n1.58\n9.56\n4.90\n1.80\n27.78\n5.70\n1.87\n27.45\n6.12\n2.13\n17.76\n3.04\n1.30\n30.00\n1.95\n1.48\nIndian\t\n19.75\n* Includes notifications of 21 Indians of white status.\nt Includes notifications of 27 Indians of white status. m 66 department of health and welfare.\nTable 44.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis by Statistical Area\nResidence and Sex, 1948.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nand City of\nPlace of Residence.\nAlive.\nDead.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\n3\n3\n9\n5\n4\n9\n3\n6\n3\n2\n1\n13\n1\n2\n1\n6\n3\n19\n2\n1\n8\n4\n4\n10\n6\n2\n2\n7\n3\n1\n3\n2\n2\n11\n8\n2\n1\n6\n2\n4\n2\n2\n16\n5\n6\n5\n23\n2\n1\n8\n2\n10\n21\n2\n8\n1\n7\n3\n8\n3\n5\n5\n5\n20\n13\n2\n5\n15\n5\n10\n5\n4\n1\n29\n1\n7\n1\n12\n8\n42\n4\n2\n16\n6\n14\n31\n2\n14\n3\n9\n3\n15\n3\n1\n3\n8\n1\n1\n3\n2\n1\n\t\n6\n1\n2\n2\n1\n\t\n\t\n1\n1\n1\n1\n4\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n4\n2\n2\n1\n1\n10\n2\n2\n2\n1\n1\n1\n1\nTrail\t\n2\n5\n7\n1\n1\n137\n7\n5\n23\n1\n1\n3\n18\n8\n4\n2\n28\n2\n1\n2\n104\n2\n5\n15\n1\n1\n3\n3\n3\n1\n38\n3\n1\n3\n241\n2\n7\n10\n38\n2\n2\n3\n21\n11\n7\n3\n66\n1\n5\n3\n1\n48\n11\nChilliwack City \t\nDelta \t\nKent \t\n1\n3 2\n3\n1\n23\n7\n25\n4 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 67\nTable 44.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis by Statistical Area and City of\nResidence and Sex, 1948\u2014Continued.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nPlace of Residence.\nAlive.\nDead.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\n341\n21\n2\n9\n3\n5\n1\n284\n7\n9\n110\n3\n5\n4\n2\n18\n6\n6\n12\n42\n12\n1\n1\n16\n1\n2\n8\n5\n10\n1\n2\n7\n6\n2\n4\n3\n3\n8\n5\n1\n2\n11\n8\n3\n5\n2\n3\n5\n5\n1\n1\n282\n7\n1\n10\n1\n5\n246\n5\n7\n90\n3\n4\n1\n1\n12\n2\n2\n9\n51\n5\n1\n1\n18\n8\n1\n5\n1\n3\n8\n1\n7\n1\n1\n6\n6\n2\n1\n1\n15\n9\n2\n4\n1\n1\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n5\n5\n1\n1\n623\n28\n3\n19\n4\n10\n1\n530\n12\n16\n200\n6\n9\n5\n3\n30\n8\n8\n21\n93\n17\n2\n2\n34\n9\n3\n13\n1\n8\n18\n2\n2\n14\n1\n1\n12\n2\n10\n3\n3\n10\n6\n1\n3\n26\n17\n2\n7\n1\n1\n1\n1\n3\n4\n10\n10\n2\n2\n34\n2\n31\n1\n6\n1\n4\n1\n2\n1\n1\n6\n1\n1\n4\n3\n1\n2\n\t\n40\n1\n35\n1\n9\n1\n1\n6\n1\n2\n1\n1 M 68\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nTable 44.-\n-Notifications of Tuberculosis by Statistical Area and City of\nResidence and Sex, 1948\u2014Continued.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nPlace of Residence.\nAlive.\nDead.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\nArea No. 7c\t\nWestview\t\n6\n1\n5\n12\n12\n3\n2\n1\n7\n7\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n20\n17\n2\n1\n1\n1\n3\n1\n2\n3\n6\n2\n4\n8\n7\n1\n1\n1\n6\n1\n3\n1\n1\n4\n4\n5\n2\n3\n1\n1\n13\n9\n3\n1\n1\n1\n3\n3\n5\n3\n2\n12\n3\n9\n20\n19\n1\n1\n1\n9\n1\n5\n1\n2\n11\n11\n6\n2\n4\n1\n1\n2\n2\n33\n26\n5\n2\n1\n1\n4\n4\n8\n*\n2\n2\n3\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\nWilliams Lake\t\n1\n1\nArea No. 9f\t\n1\n1\n1\n1\n787\n684\n1,471\n54\n17\n71\nEx-Province\t\n8\n5\n13 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 69\nTable 45.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis by Statistical Area and City of\nResidence and Sex, 1948.\n(Indians only.*)\nPlace of Residence.\nAlive.\nDead.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\n1 \\\nMale. 1 Female. 1 Total.\n1\n1\n1\n4\n2\n2\n2\n1\n1\n1\n1\n16\n1\n1\n7\n1\n6\n20\n1\n2\n1\n1\n15\n12\n2\n1\n9\n8\n7\n1\n1\n1\n13\n1\n12\n9\n5\n4\n1\n1\n9\n2\n2\n1\n4\n2\n1\n1\n1\n1\n4\n1\n2\n1\n1\n1\n16\n6\n5\n1\n1\n3\n22\n3\n3\n16\n16\n1\n1\n1\n2\n2\n1\n8\n5\n4\n1\n1\n1\n10\n1\n9\n19\n11\n8\n1\n1\n1\n1\n7\n1\n2\n1\n3\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n1\n1\n8\n3\n4\n1\n3\n1\n2\n1\n1\n32\n1\n7\n12\n1\n1\n1\n9\n42\n4\n2\n1\n4\n31\n28\n3\n1\n1\n2\n3\n1\n17\n13\n11\n2\n2\n1\n1\n\t\n23\n2\n21\n28\n16\n12\n2\n2\n1\n1\n16\n3\n4\n2\n1 *\n1\n1\n1\n1\nArea No. 3b\t\nPenticton\t\n1\n1\nArea No. 4a\t\nChilliwack City\t\n1\n1\nMaple Ridge\t\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n4\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n\t\n2\n2\n2\n2\n2\n2\n1\nVancouver\t\n1\n4\n1\n1\n2\nArea No. 5c\t\n2\n1\n1\n3\nTorino \t\n3\n3\n1\n2\n1\n1\n3\nUnorganized parts\t\n3\n* Includes notifications of 27 Indians of white status. M 70\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nTable 45.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis by Statistical Area and City of\nResidence and Sex, 1948\u2014Continued.\n(Indians only.)\nAlive.\nDead.\nPlace of Residence.\n1\nMale. 1\n1\nFemale, i\n1\nTotal.\nMale. 1 Female.\n1\nTotal.\n1\n1\n1\n1\n3\n1\n2\n12\n12\n11\n11\n3\n3\n1\n1\n3\n3\n1\n1\n22\n22\n7\n2\n5\n19\n19\n1\n1\n3\n3\n8\n8\n16\n16\n11\n11\n8\n8\n1\n1\n3\n3\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n9\n4\n5\n9\n9\n10\n10\n4\n4\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n41\n41\n11\n1\n10\n13\n13\n2\n2\n6\n6\n25\n3\n1\n21\n8\n8\n10\n10\n1\n1\n2\n2\n2\n2\n3\n2\n2\n2\n2\n12\n5\n7\n21\n21\n21\n21\n7\n7\n1\n1\n1\n1\n3\n3\n3\n1\n1\n1\n63\n63\n18\n3\n15\n32\n32\n1\n1\n5\n5\n14\n14\n41\n3\n1\n37\n19\n19\n18\n18\n2\n2\n5\n5\n1\n1\n2\n2\n4\n2\n2\n2\n2\n3\n3\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n3\n3\n1\n1\n1\n1\n2\n2\n3\n3\n2\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n3\n1\n 1 \t\n1\n2\n2\n5\n2\n3\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n2\n2\n2\nArea No. 9f\t\n1\n1\nArea No. 10b\t\n2\n2\n7\nFort St. John\t\n2\n5\n1\n1\n234\n| 267\n501\n25\n22\n47\n2\n3\n5 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 71\nChart 16.\u2014Showing Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Racial\nGroups (including Dead Cases reported for the First Time), 1939 to 1948,\ninclusive.\nno OF CASES\n4,-000\n\t\ni\ni\n!\nTOTAL :\n!\n1 ^\"-\u25a0\u00ab\nWHITE\n*^~\ns\nN.\n\/\nINDIAN\n\/\ns\n\\\n\/\n.-.-*\n\\\n\/\n\/\n<**\nN\nf\n\/\nCHINESE\n\\\n\/\n\u2022s\n\/\n%\n_ \u201e \u2014- -\n.>*\u25a0\n_>_>^\n\/\n^\n\u2014 -\n\/\n~*^-\n---..^\nJAPANESE\nl\n\"*\u00ab\u00bb\nI\n%\n%\n1\n3,000\n2,000\n1,000\n900\n800\n700\n600\n500\n400\n300\n200\n100\n90\n80\n70\n60\n50\n40\n30\n20\n1939\n40\n41\n42\n43\n44\n45\n46\n1948 M 72\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nTable 46.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Racial Groups\n(including Dead Cases reported for the First Time), 1939 to 1948, inclusive.\nRacial Origin.\n1939.\n1940.\n1941.\n1942.\n1943.\n1944.\n1945.\n1946.\n1947.\n1948.\nTotal\t\n1,438\n1,568\n1,342\n1,451\n1,688\n2,153\n2,079\n2,373\n2,616\n2,108\nWhite\t\n964\n1,117\n945\n1,016\n1,163\n1,446\n1,519\n1,973\n1,864\n1,448\nIndian\t\n322\n295\n270\n327\n419\n558\n417\n256\n645*\n553t\nChinese\t\n87\n74\n66\n59\n62\n108\n111\n120\n81\n88\nJapanese\t\n65\n82\n61\n49\n44\n41\n32\n24\n26\n19\n* Includes notifications of 21 Indians of white status.\nf Includes notifications of 27 Indians of white status.\nSource: Case Examination, Form T.B. 1. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 73\nThe highest percentage of new notifications continues to be in the 30-39-year age-\ngroup for the total population and also for the white population. For the Chinese\npopulation the greatest percentage of notifications occurs in the 60-69-year age-group,\nas was the case last year, but there has been a decline from 28.4 per cent, in 1947 to\n19.3 per cent, in 1948. A change occurred in the most important age-group for Indians,\nfrom the 10-14-year age-group last year to the 5-9-year age-group in 1948. The\ngreatest number of new notifications of Japanese cases occurred this year in the 15-19-\nyear group, whereas last year it was in the 30-39-year group.\nTable 47.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Age-groups, Sex,\nand Racial Groups (including Dead Cases reported for the First Time), 1948.\nAge and Se\nWhite.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent, of\nTotal.\nChIjNESE.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent, of\nTotal.\nJapanese.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent, of\nTotal.\nIndian.*\nNumber.\nPer\nCent, of\nTotal.\nTotal.\nNumber.\nPer\nCent, of\nTotal.\n0- 4 years M.\nF.\nT.\n5- 9 years M.\nF.\nT.\n10-14 years. M.\nF.\nT.\n15-19 years M.\nF.\nT.\n20-24 years ...M.\nF.\nT.\n25-29 years M.\nF.\nT.\n30-39 years M.\nF.\nT.\n40-49 years M.\nF.\nT.\n50-59 years M.\nF.\nT.\n60-69 years M.\nF.\nT.\n70-79 years M.\nF.\nT.\n80 and over .....M.\nF.\nT.\nNot stated M.\nF.\nT.\nTotals M.\nF.\nGrand totals\t\n15 I\n18 1\n33 |\n17 |\n16 I\n33 I\n17\n10 |\n27\n17 |\n44 |\n61 !\n64 I\n98 !\n162 j\n77\n104 [\n181\n117 I\n160 j\n277 |\n135 i\n87\n222 I\n118\n63 |\n181 !\n121 |\n48 |\n169 |\n48 i\n23 |\n71 |\n15 !\n5 I\n20 |\n1 I\n7 !\n11\n765\n683\n1,448\n2.0\n2.6\n2.3\n2.2\n2.3\n2.3\n2.2\n1.5\n1.9\n2.2\n6.4\n4.2\n8.4\n14.3\n11.2\n10.1\n15.3\n12.5\n15.3\n23.5\n19.1\n17.6\n12.8\n15.3\n15.4\n9.2\n12.5\n15.8\n7.0\n11.7\n6.3\n3.4\n4.9\n2.0\n0.7\n1.4\n0.5\n1.0\n0.7\n100.0\nioo.o\n2\n10\n3\n13\n4\n3\n7\n3\n5\n8\n2\n3\n5\n11\n1\n12\n13\n13\n16\n1\n17\n7\n7\n2\n2\n1\n72\n16\n1.4\n1.1\n2 8\n2.3\n13.8\n18.8\n14.8\n5.6\n18.8\n7.9\n4 2\n31.2\n9.2\n2.8\n18 8\n5.7\n15.3\n6.2\n13.6\n18.0\n14.8\n22.2\n6.2\n19.3\n9.7\n2.3\n1.4\n1.1\n100.0\n100.0\n100.0\n12\n7\n14.3\n5.3\n8.3\n57.1\n26.2\n16.7\n28.6\n21.0\n5.3\n16.7\n10.5\n5.3\n25.1\n15.8\n8.3\n8.3\n34\n30\n64\n39\n50\n89\n34\n42\n76\n30\n41\n71\n29\n36\n65\n15\n19\n34\n18\n31\n49\n24\n19\n43\n17\n6\n23\n10\n11\n21\n5\n2\n7\n3\ni,\n4\n3\n4\n7\n100.0\n100.0\n261\n292\n13.0\n10.3\n11.6\n14.9\n17.2\n16.1\n13.0\n14.4\n13.7\n11.6\n14.0\n12.8\n11.2\n12.3\n11.7\n5.8\n6.5\n6.1\n6.9\n10.6\n8.9\n9.2\n6.5\n7.8\n6.5\n2.0\n4.2\n3.8\n3.8\n3.8\n1.9\n0.7\n1.3\n1.1\n0.3\n0.7\n1.1\n1.4\n1.3\n49\n49\n98\n57\n66\n123\n53\n52\n105\n58\n92\n150\n99\n139\n238\n96\n128\n224\n139\n194\n333\n170\n107\n277\n149\n69\n218\n150\n60\n210\n61\n25\n86\n20\n6\n26\n9\n11\n20\n100.0\n100.0\n1,110\n100.0\n553\n100.0\n2,108\n4.4\n4.9\n4.6\n5.1\n6.6\n5.8\n4.8\n5.3\n5.0\n5.2\n9.2\n7.2\n8.9\n13.9\n11.3\n8.6\n12.8\n10.6\n12.6\n19.4\n15.8\n15.3\n10.8\n13.2\n13.4\n6.9\n10.3\n13.6\n6.0\n10.0\n5.5\n2.5\n4.1\n1.8\n0.6\n1.2\n0.8\n1.1\n0.9\n100.0\n100.0\n100.0\n* Includes notifications of 27 Indians of white status.\nSource: Case Examination, Form T.B. 1. M 74\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nThe situation regarding diagnoses of notifications of tuberculosis is substantially\nunchanged from that noted last year. The greatest percentage of notifications continues to be diagnosed as minimal for the other-than-Indian population and primary for\nthe Indians. A considerable decrease occurred in the percentage of Indian cases of\npulmonary tuberculosis unreported until after death, from 13.6 in 1947 to 5.4 in 1948.\nThis year 59.4 per cent, of the new pulmonary notifications of tuberculosis among the\nother-than-Indian population were minimal (843 out of 1,418).\nChart 17.\u2014Showing Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia\nby Diagnosis, 1948.\n\/\u25a0NDIANS ONLY\nTable 48. \u2014 Notifications of\nTuberculosis in British Columbia by Diagnosis, 1948.\nDiagnosis.\nExcluding\nIndians.\nIndians\nonly.\nNo.\nPer\nCent.\nNo.\nPer\nCent.\n76\n843\n324\n103\n54\n23\n97\n17\n18\n4.9\n54.2\n20.8\n6.6\n3.5\n1.5\n162\n111\n112\n36\n30\n43\n42\n17\n29.3\nModerately advanced.\n20.2\n6.5\n5.4\n7.8\nDead, pulmonary\t\nTuberculous pleurisy.\nDead, tuberculous\n6.2\n1.1\n1.2\n7.6\n3.1\nDead, non-pulmonary\nTotals\t\n1,555\n100.0\n653\n100.0\nEXCLUDING INDIANS\nDEAD NON-PUL l.iy.\n'Pill.\n'D\u00a3AP\/ isoa.\nTBC. PLEURISY l.5\u00b0\/.^-5%'\nt-NOT STATBD I.Z % tuberculosis control report, 1948. m 75\nTable 49.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Age-groups,\nSex, and Diagnosis, 1948.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nDiagnosis on Notification.\nAge-group.\noj'\nH\nUl\nu\n<*> g\n\u25a0si\ni A\nSi*\n\"2\nfit\nCAr*\n\u2022 2\n*\u25a0? \u00ab\nCOr^1\nSis\no> \u00a3\n\u00bb0!?H\nf \u00a7\ntor*\n\u00absi\no >\n00 O\nQJ\nO at\nX to\n\u25a03\no\nH\nPulmonary\u2014\nPrimary M.\nF.\nMinimal M.\nF.\nModerately advanced M.\nF.\nFar advanced M.\nF.\nFar advanced with silicosis M.\nF.\nType not stated M.\nF.\nDead* M.\nF.\nTotal pulmonary M.\nF.\nT.\nTuberculous pleurisy\u2014\nTuberculous pleurisy with effusion M.\nF.\nTuberculous pleurisy without effusion..M.\nF.\nDead* M.\nF.\nTotal tuberculous pleurisy M.\nF.\nT.\nNon-pulmonary\u2014\nMeninges M.\nF.\nF.\nVertebral column M.\nF.\nBones and joints M.\nF.\nSkin M.\nF.\nLymphatic system M.\nF.\nGenito-urinary system M.\nF.\nF.\nF.\nOther respiratory system M.\nF.\nOther non-pulmonary M.\nF.\nDead* M.\nF.\nTotal non-pulmonary M.\nF.\nT.\nTotal notifications M.\nF.\nT.\n12\n11\n15\n8\n7\n3\n4\n5\n1\n1\n1\n5\n10\n34\n6\n9\n1\n2\ni\n12\n31\n54\n22\n20\n7\n8\n2\n45\n63\n20\n20\n4\n9\n67\n107\n31\n32\n8\n9\n86\n52\n29\n23\n14\n2\n2\n1\n1\n7\n74\n42\n33\n11\n9\n2\n82\n35\n31\n10\n9\n2\n1\n23\n13\n13\n5\n5\n4\n1\n8\n3\n3\n1\n1\n1\n4\n1\n2\n1\n40\n36\n431\n412\n134\n1\n39\n4\n1\n 1\t\n1\n2\n1\n1\n3\n1\n 1\t\n1\n1\n3\n8\n5\n8\n2\n1\n12\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n10\n1\n4\n1\n2\n1\n9\n13\n13\n26\n15\n9\n24\n14\n9\n23\n23\n46\n69\n63\n94\n157\n70\n96\n166\n110\n150\n260\n139\n78\n217\n125\n58\n183\n136\n49\n185\n53\n23\n76\n16\n5\n21\n5\n6\n11\n782\n636\n1,418\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n2\n2\n4\n1\n1\n1\n1\n2\n2\n11\n10\n1\n1\n 1\t\n1\n1\n2\n2\n1\n3\n1\n2\n3\n21 1\n1\n1\n2\n2\n2\n12\n5\n7\n1\n2\n2\n2\n23\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n3\n4\n1\n1\n3\n4\n1\n2\n3\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n2\n3\n1\n1\n2\n3\n4\n1\n1\n1\n1\n7\n1\n 1\t\n1\n1\n1\n 1 2\n\t\n2\n2\n11 61 1\n15\n1\n6\n2\n1\n2\n12\n10\n1\n\t\n1\n1\n1\n1\n2\n1\n2\n2\n1\n1\n1\n2\n |\t\n1\n1\n1\n I\t\n1| 1\n1) 2\n2\n1\n1\n ]\t\n21 1\n 1\t\n2\n9\n1| 2\n1\n1\n8\n2| 3\n6| 7\n8[ 10\n41 3| 6\n 1 \u00ab| 7\n4 7| 13\n9| 10] 6\n8| 12] 9\n17| 22] 15\n5\n5\n10\n2\n2\n3\n1\n1\n1\n2\n55\n59\n3\n1\n114\n15| 18\n191 16\n34| 34\n191 28j 70\n10] 51] 103\n29| 79| 173\n81] 121] 146] 132\n109[ 163] 88| 63\n190[ 284] 234] 195\n140\n49\n189\n56\n23\n79\n17\n22\n6\n7\n13\n849\n706\n1,555\n* Dead on notification.\nSource: Case Examination, Form T.B. 1. M 76\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nTable 50.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Age-groups,\nSex, and Diagnosis, 1948.\n(Indians only.*)\nDiagnosis on Notification.\nAge-gkoup.\ng\u00a3\nPulmonary\u2014\nPrimary M.\nF.\nMinimal M.\nF.\nModerately advanced M.\nF.\nFar advanced M.\nF.\nFar advanced with silicosis M.\nF.\nType not stated M.\nF.\nDead* M.\nF.\nTotal pulmonary M.\nF.\nT.\nTuberculous pleurisy\u2014\nTuberculous pleurisy with effusion M.\nF.\nTuberculous pleurisy without effusion..M.\nF.\nDead* M.\nF.\nTotal tuberculous pleurisy M.\nF.\nT.\nNon-pulmonary\u2014\nMeninges ...,M.\nF.\nIntestines M.\nF.\nVertebral column M.\nF.\nBones and joints M.\nF.\nSkin M.\nF.\nLymphatic system M.\nF.\nGenito-urinary system M.\nF.\nMiliary M.\nF.\nPeritoneum M.\nF.\nOther respiratory system M.\nF.\nOther non-pulmonary M.\nF.\nDeadt M.\nF.\nTotal non-pulmonary M.\nF.\nT.\nTotal notifications M.\nF.\nT.\n1|\n27] 24\n40] 32\n67| 56\n4|\n11\n5 5\n4 5\n91 10\nI 1| |-\n-I I\"\n-I I-\nI \u00bb| 2\n-I I I\n-I I\n2|\n\u2022I\n21..\n1|_\n1|..\n7| 7] 5|\n4| 6] 5|\n11| 13] 10J\n34| 39| 34] 30] 29\n30[ 50j 42] 41| 36\n64| 89 j 76] 71| 65\nI I\n-I I\n9| 9]\n\u00bbl \u00bbl --I I\n-I I-\n!| i\\\n12| 16| 24\n18] 28| 15\n30| 44j 39\nI I\nJ.\n17| 10\n6| 10\n23! 20\n1| 1| I-\n-I I !\u2022\u25a0\n\u2022I- ! I-\n\u25a0I I-\n2|_\n21..\n\u25a0\u25a0I I-\n\u2022I I-\n-I I I-\n\u25a0I I-\n-I 2I I I\n-I I-\n-1 1 I-\n-I I-\n\u25a0I I-\n-I I-\n-I I I-\n-I I I-\n-I I I-\n-I I I-\n-I I I-\nI I I-\nI 1| I I-\n2| I-\n\u25a0I I\"\n\u25a0I I-\n-I I-\n-I I-\n-I I\"\n2| 2\n1 2| 2|\n3 41 2[\nI I I-\n15| 18| 24] 17] 10\n19| 31j 19] 6] 11\n34| 49| 43] 231 21\n5| 2] 2\n2 If 4\n7] 3 6\n78\n84\n45\n66\n57\n55\n12\n24\n15\n15\n207\n244\n451\n19\n16\n5\n24\n19\n43\n-I I I-\n\u2022I I I\n-I I I\n\u2022I I I\n10\n7\n-I I I\n30\n29\n5| 3| 3| 261\n2| 1] 4| 292\n7| 4| 7| 553\n* Includes notifications of 27 Indians of white status.\nt Dead on notification.\nSource: Case Examination, Form T.B. 1. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 77\nTable 51.\u2014Notifications of Tuberculosis in British Columbia by Diagnosis\nand Year of Arrival in British Columbia, 1948.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nDiagnosis on Notification.\nPrior\nto\n1939.\n1939.\n1940.\n1941.\n1942.\n1943.\n1944.\n1945.\n1946.\n1947.\n1948.\nNot\nstated.\nTotal.\nPrimary\t\n13\n379\n152\n62\n4\n4\n8\n36\n39\n2\n8\n3\n1\n1\n13\n3\n2\n1\n5\n1\n1\n10\n3\n1\n1\n1\n5\n15\n6\n2\n1\n6\n1\n3\n12\n5\n2\n1\n4\n2\n5\n17\n6\n1\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n21\n13\n4\n1\n3\n1\n6\n36\n19\n6\n1\n1\n1\n4\n2\n3\n75\n29\n7\n2\n1\n7\n2\n3\n52\n34\n6\n5\n1\n1\n7\n2\n33\n205\n51\n7\n3\n5\n2\n20\n19\n76\n843\nModerately advanced\t\n324\n99\n4\n18\nTuberculous pleurisy with effusion\t\nTuberculous pleurisy without effusion..\nOther tuberculosis of respiratory sys-\n21\n2\n2\n95\nDead \t\n71\nTotals \t\n697\n14\n26\n17\n36\n29\n34\n44\n76\n126\n111\n345\n1,555\nSource : Case Examination, Form T.B. 1. M 78\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nChart 18.\u2014Showing the Katio of New Cases of Tuberculosis to Deaths from\nTuberculosis in British Columbia, 1944 to 1948, inclusive,\nratio\n6\n44 45 46 47 48 44 45 46 47 48 44 45 46 47 48 TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 79\nThe improvement which occurred last year in the ratio of new cases of tuberculosis\nto deaths from tuberculosis among the Indian population has not altered this year.\nThe ratios for all three categories have remained the same as in 1947.\nTable 52.\u2014-Ratio of New Cases of Tuberculosis to Deaths from Tuberculosis\nin British Columbia, 1944 to 1948, inclusive.\nYear.\nTotal.\nOther-than-Indian.\nIndian.\nNew\nCases.\nDeaths.\nRatio.\nNew\nCases.\nDeaths.\nRatio.\nNew\nCases.*\nDeaths.t\nRatio.\n1944\t\n2,137\n2,059\n2,333\n2,560\n2,090\n517\n525\n576\n528\n434\u00b1\n4.1:1\n4.0:1\n4.1:1\n4.8:1\n4.8:1\n1,581 \u2022\n1,642\n2,077\n1,917\n1,542\n358\n352\n369\n369\n298\n4.4:1\n4.7:1\n5.6:1\n6.2:1\n5.2:1\n556\n417\n256\n643\n548\n159\n173\n207\n159\n136\n3.5:1\n1945\t\n2.4:1\n1946\t\n1.2:1\n1947\t\n4.0:1\n1948\t\n4.0:1\n* Includes notifications of: 1947, 21 Indians of white status; 1948, 27 Indians of white status.\nt Includes deaths of: 1947, 9 Indians of white status; 1948, 12 Indians of white status.\nt 1948 tuberculosis death figures are preliminary only.\nNote.\u2014Notifications and deaths of ex-Province residents excluded.\nTable 53.\u2014Ratio of New Cases of Tuberculosis to Deaths from Tuberculosis\namong the Total Population of British Columbia, the Other-than-Indian\nPopulation, and the Indian Population, 1948.\nPopulation.\ni\nArea 1 Area 1 Area\n1. 1 2. 1 3.\nArea\n4.\nArea\n5.\nArea\n6.\nArea\n7.\nArea j Area I Area\n8. 9. I 10.\n1 1\nTotal.\nTotal\t\n4.8:1 | 8.6:1\n5.7:1 ] 8.6:1\n2.0:1 [ \t\n3.3:1\n3.8:1\n2.1:1\n5.3 :1\n5.2:1\n7.5:1\n5.2:1\n6.3:1\n3.0:1\n3.8:1\n6.7:1\n1.2:1\n5.5:1\n3.1:1\n5.0:1\n2.8:1\n4.7:1\n3.2:1\n5.7:1\n3.8:1\n4.6:1\n3.5:1\n4.8:1\n5.1:1\n5.0:1 1 2.3:1\n4.0:1\nTUBERCULOSIS MORTALITY.\nTable 54.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Rate per 100,000 Population for the\nTotal Population of British Columbia, by Statistical Area, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive.\nTotal Population.\nArea\n1.\nArea\n2.\nArea\n3.\nArea\n4.\nArea\n5.\nArea\n6.\nArea\n7.\nArea\n8.\nArea\n9.\nArea\n10.\n\u00bb\u00a3.\u00ab\u25a0\nMortality\u2014\n1944\t\n4\n5\n3\n9\n9\n17.7\n22.4\n12.4\n35.6\n34.4\n22\n18\n22\n21\n9\n39.9\n32.7\n42.3\n39.4\n16.3\n23\n20\n26\n30\n21\n38.4\n33.3\n38.4\n42.3\n28.5\n228\n242\n266\n247\n185\n44.5\n45.6\n46.6\n41.6\n30.1\n93\n87\n77\n62\n73\n53.2\n49.6\n43.2\n33.0\n37.5\n26\n35\n40\n35\n31\n77.9\n.106.0\n117.3\n100.1\n85.6\n14\n12\n17\n19\nH\n87.3\n76.2\n119.4\n130.0\n72.8\n42\n50\n63\n56\n56\n147.8\n175.0\n213.6\n185.0\n178.3\n48\n44\n43\n32\n29\n247.6\n235.4\n203.2\n146.0\n127.8\n17\n517\n1945\t\n12\n525\n1946\t\n1947\t\n19\n16\n9\n170.5\n126.4\n177.0\n144.6\n78.3\ni\ni\n576\n528\n1948*\t\nMortality rate per 100,000\npopulation\u2014\n1944\t\n434t\n55.5\n1945\t\n55.3\n1946\t\n57.4\n1947\t\n1948\t\n50.6\n40.1\n* Preliminary figures.\nf Excludes deaths of 2 ex-Province residents. M 80\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nTable 55.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Rate pee 100,000 Population for the\nOther-than:Indian Population of British Columbia, by Statistical Area,\n1944 to 1948, inclusive.\n* Preliminary figures.\nt Excludes deaths of 2 ex-Province residents.\nOther-than-Indian\nPopulation.\nArea\n1.\nArea\n2.\nArea\n3.\nArea\n4.\nArea\n5.\nArea\n6.\nArea\n7.\nArea\n8.\nArea\n9.\nArea\n10.\nNot\nstated.\nTotal.\nMortality\u2014\n1944\t\n1945\t\n1946\t\n3\n4\n2\n6\n7\n13.5\n18.3\n8.4\n24.1\n27.1\n21\n18\n22\n21\n9\n38.1\n32.8\n42.3\n39.5\n16.3\n17\n14\n19\n21\n15\n28.8\n23.7\n28.5\n30.1\n20.7\n210\n223\n244\n232\n175\n41.3\n42.3\n43.0\n39.3\n28.6\n66\n55\n53\n46\n52\n38.8\n32.2\n30.6\n25.1\n27.4\n10\n16\n12\n13\n13\n34.2\n55.5\n40.2\n42.4\n41.0\n6\n2\n1\n2\n42.0\n14.3\n8.0\n9\n8\n7\n15\n10\n38.1\n33.8\n27.8\n58.0\n37.5\n9\n9\n8\n5\n11\n59.9\n63.2\n51.1\n30.7\n65.1\n7\n3\n1\n9\n3\n74.0\n33.4\n9.9\n86.9\n27.8\n1\n1\n358\n352\n369\n1947\t\n1948*\t\n369\n298t\nMortality rate per 100,000\npopulation\u2014\n1944\t\n1945\t\n39.5\n38.1\n1946\t\n37.8\n1947\t\n36.3\n1948 \t\n28.3\nTable 56.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Rate per 100,000 Population for the\nIndian Population of British Columbia, by Statistical Area, 1944 to 1948,\ninclusive.\nIndian Population.\nArea [ Ar\n1. 1 2\nea ! Area\n1 3.\nArea\n4.\nArea\n5.\nArea\n6.\nArea\n7.\n\u25a0\nArea\n8.\nArea\n9.\nArea\n10.\nTotal.\nMortality\u2014\n1944 \t\n1\n1\n1 1 6\n.... | 6\n18\n19\n22\n15\n10\n517.7\n533.4\n628.6\n422.5\n277.8\n27\n32\n24\n16\n21\n575.9\n666.1\n492.6\n320.3\n403.8\n16\n19\n28\n22\n18\n388.5\n450.3\n661.2\n508.1\n400.0\n8\n10\n16\n19\n9\n459.2\n560.2\n918.0\n1,066.2\n500.0\n33\n42\n56\n41\n46\n\u25a0 688.4\n855.0\n1,295.1\n927.0\n978.7\n39\n35\n35\n27\n18\n895.1\n784.1\n634.5\n478.5\n310.3\n10\n9\n18\n7\n6\n1,968.5\n1,730.8\n2,682.5\n981.8\n857.1\n159\n173\n207\n,159\n136\n632.5\n671.6\n784.1\n588.9\n485.7\n1945\t\n1946 \t\n1\n.... ] 7\n1947*\t\n3 ] \t\n.... [ 9\n1948t\t\n2 ]\n.... | 6\nMortality rate per 100,000\npopulation\u2014\n1944\t\n261.8 |1,17\n255.1\n6.4 | 607.3\n| 592.9\n1945 \t\n1946 \t\n277.8 |\n| 634 6\n1947\t\n835.7 |\n1 797.2\n1948\t\n500.0 1\n.... | 500.0\n* Includes deaths of 9 Indians of white status.\nt Includes deaths of 12 Indians of white status.\n1948 figures are preliminary only. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 81\nTable 57.-\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality by Statistical Area and City of Residence\nand Sex, 1948.\n(Excluding Indians.)\nPlace of Residence.\nMale. I Female.\nI\nTotal.\nPlace of Residence.\nMale.\nFemale. I Total.\nI\nArea No. la\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. lb\t\nCranbrook\t\nKimberley\t\nArea No. lc\t\nFernie\t\nArea No. 2b\t\nTrail\t\nArea No. 2c\t\nNelson\t\nNew Denver\t\nArea No. 3a\t\nArmstrong\t\nEnderby\t\nKelowna\t\nSummerland\t\nVernon\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 3b\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 3c\t\nGreenwood\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 4a\t\nAbbotsford\t\nChilliwack City\t\nCoquitlam\t\nLangley\t\nMaple Ridge\t\nMission\t\nNew Westminster\t\nPort Moody\t\nSurrey\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 4b\t\nBurnaby\t\nDistrict Lot 172\t\nGibsons Landing\t\nNorth Vancouver City..\nRichmond\t\nVancouver\t\nWest Vancouver\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 5a\t\nEsquimalt\t\nLadysmith\t\nNanaimo\t\nNorth Cowichan\t\nOak Bay\t\n5\n1\n4\n8\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n16\n1\n1\n1\n2\n2\n4\n1\n112\n2\n1\n2\n106\n1\n2\n1\n29\n1\n1\n17\n1\n2\n2\n1\n1\n4\n3\n1\n2\n2\n1\n1\n8\n1\n7\n11\n1\n1\n4\n1\n1\n3\n1\n1\n3\n2\n1\n24\n1\n2\n1\n2\n3\n1\n4\n1\n8\n1\n151\n7\n1\n2\n2\n1\n135\n2\n1\n47\n1\n1\n8\n3\n1\nArea No. 5a\u2014Continued.\nSaanich\t\nVictoria\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 5e\t\nPort Alberni\t\nArea No. 5d\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 5f\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 6a\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 6b\t\nSalmon Arm\t\nArea No. 6c\t\nKamloops\t\nMerritt\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 6f\t\nLillooet\t\nArea No. 7b\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 7c\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 8a\t\nPrince George\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 8c\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 8e\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 8f\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 8g\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 9d\t\nPrince Rupert\t\nTerrace\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 10c\t\nFort St. John.\t\nArea No. lOd\t\nDawson Creek\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea not stated\t\nTotals for Province..\nEx-Province\t\n10\n5\n207\n91\n18\n7\n2\n2\n2\n2\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n10\n6\n1\n3\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n4\n3\n1\n1\n1\n3\no\n1\n1\n1\n1\n11\n8\n2\n1\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n1\n298\nSource: Death registrations, 1948 (preliminary figures). M 82\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nTable 58.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality by Statistical Area and City of Residence\nand Sex, 1948.\n(Indians only.*)\nPlace of Residence.\nMale.\nFemale.\nTotal.\nPlace of Residence.\nI\nMale. I Female.\nI\nTotal.\nArea No. lb\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. lc\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 3a\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 3b\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 4a\t\nChilliwhack District....\nKent\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 4b\t\nNorth Vancouver City\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 5a\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 5b\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 5c\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 5d\t\nCourtenay\t\nArea No. 5e\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 5f\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 6a\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 6b\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 6c\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 6d\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 6f\t\nLillooet\t\nArea No. 6f\u2014Continued\nLytton\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 7a\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 7b\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 7c\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 8c\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 8d - ,\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 8e\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 8f\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 8g\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 9b\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 9c\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 9d\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 9e\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 9f\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 10b\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. 10c\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nArea No. lOd\t\nUnorganized parts\t\nTotals for Province.\n10\n10\n4\n4\n3\n3\n1\n1\n2\n2\n6\n6\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n1\n5\n5\n1\n1\n11\n11\n5\n5\n4\n4\n1\n1\n21\n21\n9\n9\n7\n7\n1\n1\n11\n11\n2\n2\n1\n1\n2\n2\n3\n3\n1\n1\n136\n* Includes deaths of 12 Indians of white status.\nSource: Death registrations, 1948 (preliminary figures). TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 83\nTable 59.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality by Diagnosis and Age-groups, 1948.\nExcluding Indians.\nAge-groups.\n_3\nc\nH\n>>\nu\no\n\u25a0gig\n.-a >\u2022\nb^oiai\n\u25a0Q\ne\nn g\nT.B. of\nIntestines\nand\nPeritoneum.\n\u00ab .\n*. r*\n\"H fit 5\nOoj g\n\u25a0 T* 5\nm _a\n_-<>-_)\n-rl\nca cH\n\u2022 o 3\n'S-c g\najfi-g\nT.B. of\nGenitourinary\nSystem.\nO M\nEH oO\nis 5\n5S5\nUnder 1 year\t\n1\n\t\n1\n1- 4 years\t\n3\n3\n5- 9 years\t\n5\n2\n3\n10-14 years\t\n3\n1\n1\n1\n15-19 years\t\n5\n4\n1\n20-24 years\t\n22\n19\n2\n1\n25-29 years\t\n23\n23\n30-39 years\t\n45\n40\n2\n1\n1\n1\n40-49 years\t\n49\n48\n1\n60-59 years\t\n56\n49\n2\n1\n1\n2\n1\n60-69 years\t\n52\n49\n1\n1\n1\n70-79 years\t\n29\n25\n1\n1\n2\n80 years and over\t\n7\n6\n1\nTotals\t\n300\n269\n10\n3\n6\n1\n2\n3\n6\nIndians only*\nUnder 1 year\t\n8\n15\n19\n10\n20\n22\n8\n8\n7\n10\n5\n3\n1\n3\n12\n7\n17\n18\n8\n7\n6\n10\n5\n3\n1\n2\n**\n5\n2\n2\n1\n1\n1\n2\n1\n1\n3\n2\n2\n1\n20-24 years\t\n25-29 years\t\n30-39 years\t\n1\n136\n105\n15\n1\n2\n2\n1\n1\n9\n* Includes deaths of 12 Indians of white status.\nSource: Death registrations, 1948 (preliminary figures). M 84\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nBoth the actual number of deaths and the mortality rate per 100,000 population for\nall categories showed a considerable decrease this year. For all but the Chinese and\nJapanese groups the mortality rate is the lowest ever recorded in British Columbia.\nThe mortality for the total population of the Province dropped a full 10 points, from\n51.1 per 100,000 to 40.3 per 100,000. The Indian mortality rate was 588.9 in 1947,\nwhich figure declined to 485.7 in 1948. The death rate for the white population was\ndown to 24.9 from last year's figure of 32.5.\nTable 60.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Rate per 100,000 Population for the\nTotal Population of British Columbia, the Indian, Chinese, and Japanese\nPopulations, and the Population excluding Indians and Orientals, 1939 to\n1948, inclusive.\nTotal Province.\nIndians.\nExcluding Indians.\nYear.\nNo. of\nDeaths.\nPopulation.\nRate per\n100,000.\nNo. of\nDeaths.\nPopulation.\nRate per\n100,000.\nNo. of\nDeaths.\nPopulation.\nRate per\n100,000.\n1939\t\n552\n578\n533\n558\n613\n517\n525\n576\n792,000\n805,000\n817,861\n870,000\n900,000\n932,000\n949.000\n1,003,000\n69.7\n71.8\n65.2\n64.1\n68.1\n55.5\n55.3\n57.4\n51.1\n40.3\n199 | 23,449\n203 23 K8S\n848.7\n862.4\n736.4\n705.9\n848.2\n672.2\n671.6\n1\n353 768.551\n45.9\n1940 \t\n375\n359\n388\n405\n348\n352\n369\n375\n300\n781,462\n794,233\n845,920\n875,478\n906,861\n923,242\n48.0\n1941 \t\n174\n170\n208\n169\n173\n23,628\n24,080\n24,522\n25,139\n25 758\n45.2\n1942 \t\n45.9\n1943\t\n46.3\n1944 \t\n38.4\n1945\n38.1\n1946\t\n207\n26,400\n784.1\n976.6nn\n37.8\n1947 \t\n534\n1.044.000\n159*\n13Gt\n27,000\n28,000\n588.9\n485.7\n1,017 000 36.9\n1948\t\n436 | 1,082,000\n1\n1,054,000 28.5\n1\nChinese.\nJapanese.\nExcluding Indians and\nOrientals.\nYear.\nNo. of\nDeaths.\nPopulation.\nRate per\n100,000.\nNo. of\nDeaths.\nPopulation.\nRate per\n100,000.\nNo. of\nDeaths.\nPopulation.\nRate per\n100,000.\n1939\t\n1940\t\n42\n45\n23\n44\n36\n41\n40\n44\n40\n33\n20,323\n19,471\n18,619\n17,767\n16,915\n16,063\n15,848\n15,600\n15,400\n15,200\n206.7\n231.1\n123.5\n247.6\n212.8\n255.2\n252.4\n282.1\n259.7\n217.1\n18 | 22,118\n29 9.9 107\n81.4\n131.2\n293\n301\n321\n320\n345\n297\n296\n312\n323\n257\n726,110\n739,884\n753,518\n809,053\n842,460\n875,188\n892,699\n954,000\n994,600\n1,031,800\n40.4\n1941\t\n15 22,096 67.9\n24 IP 100 ! 125.6\n1942\t\n1943 \t\n24 16,103\n10 [ 15,610\n16 14,695\n13 7,000\n12 7,000\nin 7nnn\n149.0\n64.1\n108.9\n185.7\n171.4\n142.9\n1944\t\n1945 \t\n1946\t\n1947\t\n32.5\n24.9\n1948\t\n* Includes deaths of 9 Indians of white status.\nt Includes deaths of 12 Indians of white status.\nNote.\u2014\"Indian deaths\" includes all deaths of persons of Indian racial origin, whether they were Indians\nunder the meaning of the \" Indian Act \" or not, except in 1943 to 1948 deaths, where the term applies only to\ndeaths of Indians under the meaning of the \" Indian Act.\"\nSource: Mortality\u2014Annual Reports of Vital Statistics, 1939 to 1947, inclusive (1948 death registrations preliminary only).\nEstimated population (1941 census figures) : Dominion Bureau of Statistics estimates of total population.\nDivision of Vital Statistics estimates of Indian population. TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 85\nChart 19.\u2014Showing the Tuberculosis Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population\nfor the Total Population of British Columbia, the Indian, Chinese, and\nJapanese Populations, and the Population excluding Indians and Orientals,\n1939 to 1948, inclusive.\n1,000\n900\n800\n700\n600\n500\n400\n300\n200\n.\nINDIANS\n+*\n^\n\/\nC\nHINESE\n-^\n^^\n\\\n\\\n\\\n\/\n\/\n\/\n\/\nJAP\n4+\nANESE\n\\\n\\\n\/\n\/\n\/\n\/\n\u25a0^\n\/\n\\\n\/\n\\\n\/\n\\\n\/\n\/\n\\\n\/\n\/\n\\\nf\n\\\n\/\n\/\n\/\n\\\n\\\n-\u00ab. \\\n\/\n\\\n\/\n\/\n \u2014\n\t\nEXCLUDING INDIANS\n\u25a0\u00bb.\nEXCLUDING\nAND ORIi\nINDIANS \u2014\nNTALS \u2014\n\u2014 \u2014 -\" m\ns\n^ N\n-\n1\t\n100\n90\n80\n70\n60\n50\n40\n30\n10\n1939 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 194B M 86\ndepartment of health and welfare.\ndq\nOh\np\no\nOS\no\nH\no\n<\nca\na\np\nJ\no\no\nw\not\nI\u2014I\nOS\nPP\nfa\nO\nZ\no\n<:\n\u25baj\nP\nOh\nO\nPw a\nB\np\nj\no\noo\n(j5\nfa _*\n<\nEh\nOS\no\not\no\np\np\no\nOS\nw\nM\np\nEh\nO\nZ\n%\no\nW\nui\n\u00a9\nEH\nOS\n<\nK\nQ\nH\nT3\n>\n\u25a08 J\n: --I r :\n(fl\nfe\u00a3\nP\nOT\nP\no\n55\nT3 .\nHH\nC H\noo\"\nO 0\nrH -^p t- IO 00\n\u25a0>\u25a0*\nCO\nOT\n.\u2014i\nO\nOi ot\nt- >H\nCO H M O) N\n\u2022<*\nCO CO CO CO CO\n03\ni-H\nm\na ot\nOh\nf at\nH H \"*'O t\"\nP\n\u00a9 _____\nEh\n01 rt\nGO Oi CD Oi Tp\nP\nio OJ\nin n eg H M\n5\ni*\niH\nOS\no\n\u00a7\ngo\n21\n00 t- CO fc- t-\nOT\n-* co co \u25a0\u00ab\u25a0\u25a0_< eg\n01\n\u00b0>i\nO\nP\nP\no\nOS\nH\nca\nP\nH\nu\nrt\nOJ\nr-i\n>H\nCO\nH\nP\noa\n<<\nEh\nu:\ncc\nt-\n00\n\u2022\u202241 -^\nr\nCB\na\na\n09\nc TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 87\n17)\nOh\nP\no\nOS\na\nw\n'5\n<\nrH\nCC\n<\nr-i\nn\ns\np\nhJ\no\nCJ\nH\nX\n>\nrn\ni\/j\nH\nP\nP\nOS\no\npq\nfc\nfa\n*,\no\n00\nfc\n1\no\n^jH\nHH\n\u25a0*\nH\nm\n\nw\nfa\nW\nO\nH\nOS\nOS\no\nW\nPh\nfa\nOS\nr*\n<\nH\nfa\n^\ni-l\n1\n<\u25a0*\nfa\nH\nOS\nO\n>\n&\nOS\no\nHi\nfa\nOT\nrn\nC\nfa\nh4\nu\nP\n<\nU\n03\nOS\nfa\nw\n>\nCQ\nP\n\nOS\no\nfa\nCQ\nfa\no\n<\nOS\nfa\n>\not\"\nOh\nP\no\nOS\nS\n\u25a0\nC5\n<\n>H\noa\noa\na\np\np\no\no\nX\nOT\n2 22\n\u00b0H\niH\nP\n<\nH\nOS\no\nOT\no\np\np\no\n03\nH\nCQ\nP\nEh\n(M\nm\np\nCQ\nEh\n13 .\nS|\n\u00a9 eg\n\u25a0H\n\u25a0^ \u00a3j\n1 ^\n-\u25a0#$H\n\u00a9 \u00a9\n\u00a9 CD \u00a9\nco 52\n1 rt\nCOfH\nO 00\n\u25a0tf N O\nc- t-\ntr- 00 tr-\neg \u00a9 oo\ncg^i\n\"* \u00a9\nIO LO\niO t)\" -^f\n\u00a9 -\"ii\n\u25a0* \u00a9 eg\n\u00a9 o\n\u2022^ \u00a9\nIO CO Oi\nIO IO\nuj ia if\n^\n>l\no\n>>\n1 &\nih<\u00bb\nrH^\neg to\n\u00a9 \u00a9 Tjt\nCJ\n|\nCO CO\nCO CO CO\nP.\nn\n1 rt\n\u00a9 \u00a9 \u00a9\na \u00a9\neg eg eg\ncn\n1 rt\noo 00\n\u00a9 --^ eg\n-P>\n\u2022\"\u25a0j- ^\nM IO t.\n\"V\neg eg eg\nrt\nCO\n*>\nEh\n\u00a9 \u00a9\nCO r? tf\no\nOi\" Oi Oi*\n\u25a0Tji \"^\nCO CO CO\n\u00a3\no\n0\na)\nOS\ntc\ns\ns\na\n<\na\n5\n_W\nU\nrH\n\u2022^Ji IO\n\u00a9 t- 00\no\nt t\n\"\u25a0* -^ \"*\n\u00a9 rH\nN M -H\n-# \u25a0*\n-# \"\u25a0* \"\u00bb*\nOi Oi\nrH rH\nrH rH rH M 88\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nChart 22.\u2014Showing Tuberculosis Deaths for the Other-than-Indian Population\nand the Indian Population of British Columbia by Place of Death, 1948.\nEXCLUDING INDIANS\n\/ DEATHS IN\nHOMES\n\"*\u2022 \/\n30.7 %\nT.B. INST\/\n42 DEATHS\n.7% \/\n\/ DEATH id\t\nDEATHS IN\nMENTAL INST.J,\nHOSPITALS\n2.2 % -I\nH\neo eg oo eg -m\nCO Oi \u00a9 CO* rH\n\u2022*# to CO \u00a9 CO\n\u25a0^ to*\neg t.\n1 S*\n\u00a9 o\ncg^n\neg oo io oo t-\n\u00a9 eg eg ai t-*\n\u25a0fl \u2022\u25a0# ec -fl -\u00abji\n2\u00a3\n1 rt\nrH^\nOJ i-H t- rH t-\nth **\u00a3 \u00a9 ai \u00a9\n\u25a0fl \u25a0* IO CO N\n2 2\n\u00a9 Q.\n-H>H\n\u00a9 io ia to t-\nCO \u2022\u25a0\u25a0_\" CD oi -rji\neg eo eg -rH i-H\nCO\n(Si H\n1 cd\nio 4>\nCO H 00 o \u2022\u00ab.\nCO rH \u00a9 IO \u00a9\nco io eg eg eo\nMl S\n7 rt\n\u00a9a.\nCO Cl rH \u00a9 fc-\nOO \u2022<* t-* rH \u00a9\nt- CO if IO N\nrH\nrt\n3\n\u25a0fl\n\u25a0r\ncr\nIC\n-c\n\u00a9\n\u25a0^\ncr\nC-\nfl\no-\n*\noc\nT\n0\" M 90\nDEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.\nm\nPh\nP\nO\nCS\nI\nw\no\n<\nJ-H\nCQ\nCQ\nS\nP\nP\no\nCJ\na\nOl\nH\nt-H\n03\nM\nfa\no\nZ\no\nH\nHJ\nP\nP\nPh\nO\nPh\np\n\u25a03\nH\nO\nEh\nh\nX\nEH\n03\nO\nfa\noo\n\u25a0H<\nOT C**\nfa H\noa\n<\nCQ\nS\nP\n\u25ba4\nO\nO\nX\noi\nH\ns\npq\nfa\no\nZ\no\nEH\nH\nEH\nJ\nHi\nEH\n03\nO\nOl\nO\nP\nP\no\nP3\nfa\nH\nP\nEh\nfa\nP\n\n\u00a9Jh\nT *\ncg>\u00ab\n\u00a9 SS\n\u25a0Hi\"\n\u00a9 a.\neg oo fl. io\nCO rH IO \u00a9 \u00a9\n\u25a0*j \u00a9\" co eg oi\nfl M M IO H\ntO CA O CA\nto co eo -* oo\n\u00a9\n\u00a9\nCi\n00\n(M\n-Tf\nCA\nrH\neo\n\u00a9\nIO\n\u00a9\nIO\nCO\nOi co fl \u00a9 \u00a9\nco -^\" \u00a9 \u00a9 \u00a9\n\u25a0f ia to tr- co\nOi Ol Ol Cl Oi \u2014\nTUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 91\nTable 65.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Rate per 100,000 Population for the\nOther-than-Indian Population of British Columbia by Sex and Age-groups,\n1939 to 1948, inclusive.\nAge-group 0-9 Years.\nMale.\nFemale.\nYear.\nDeaths.\nPopulation\n(000's).\nRate.\nDeaths.\nPopulation\n(000's).\nRate.\n1939\t\n8\n8\n5\n9\n4\n13\n9\n9\n7\n4\n50.9\n52.5\n54.8\n60.6\n65.4\n71.0\n75.7\n80.3\n87.3\n91.7\n15.7\n15.2\n9.1\n14.9\n6.1\n18.3\n11.9\n11.2\n8.0\n4.4\n7\n6\n3\n4\n3\n3\n7\n9\n2\n5\n49.0\n50.5\n52.9\n58.4\n62.7\n68.4\n73.1\n77.3\n82.7\n87.8\n14.3\n1940\t\n1941\t\n11.9\n5.7\n1942\t\n6.8\n1943\t\n4.8\n1944\t\n4.4\n1945\t\n9.6\n1946\t\n11.6\n1947\t\n2.4\n1948\t\n5.7\nAge-group 10-19 Years.\n1939\t\n1\n11 |\n3 !\n10 j\n13 |\n11 I\n6 1\n2 f\n6 1\n* 1\n1\n63.0\n62.5\n61.7\n63.2\n63.3\n63.4\n63.2\n66.8\n68.7\n68.6\n17.5\n4.8\n16.2\n20.6\n17.4\n9.5\n12.7\n3.0\n7.3\n5.8\n19 |\n20 |\n11 !\n9\n10\n10\n3 1\n5 1\n12 |\n4\n1\n61.6\n61.1\n60.4\n62.6\n63.1\n63.6\n63.5\n66.2\n67.9\n66.5\n30.8\n1940\t\n32.7\n1941\t\n18.2\n1942\t\n1943\t\n1944\t\n1945\t\n1946\t\n14.4\n15.8\n15.7\n4.7\n7.6\n1947\t\n17.7\n1948\t\n6.0\nAge-group 20-29 Years.\n1939.\n1940.\n1941.\n1942.\n1943.\n1944\n1945\n1946\n1947.\n1948\n27\n21\n38\n46\n28\n23\n31\n31\n39\n18\n65.8\n41.0\n66.8\n31.4\n68.3\n55.6\n73.0\n63.0\n74.6\n37.5\n76.0\n30.3\n74.5\n41.6\n83.0\n37.3\n84.4\n46.2\n86.8\n20.7\n35\n41\n37\n42\n39\n33\n34\n33\n36\n27\n66.1\n53.0\n67.7\n60.6\n69.6\n53.2\n77.7\n54.1\n80.9\n48.2\n83.9\n39.3\n84.7\n40.1\n87.9\n37.5\n90.6\n39.7\n90.9\n29.7\nAge-group 30-39 Years.\n1939\t\n1940\t\n1\n36\n30\n31 |\n36\n46\n32\n35 [\n33\n33\n25\n1\n60.1\n61.2\n61.9\n66.7\n70.6\n72.5\n73.4\n79.9\n83.1\n80.6\n59.9\n49.0\n50.1\n54.0\n65.2\n44.1\n47.7\n41.3\n39.7\n31.0\n16\n31\n28\n21\n33\n26\n27\n33\n25\n20\n50.1\n51.9\n53.3\n59.2\n63.2\n67.4\n70.4\n76.5\n80.5\n80.9\n31.9\n59.7\n1941\t\n52.5\n1942\t\n35.5\n1943\t\n1944\t\n52.2\n38.6\n1945\t\n1946\t\n1947\t\n38.4\n43.1\n31.1\n1948\t\n24.7 M 92\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nTable 65.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality and Eate per 100,000 Population for the\nOther-than-Indian Population of British Columbia by Sex and Age-groups,\n1939 to 1948, inclusive\u2014Continued.\nAge-group UO-^9 Years.\nMale.\nFemale.\nYear.\nDeaths.\nPopulation\n(000's).\nRate.\nDeaths.\nPopulation\n(000's).\nRate.\n1939\t\n30\n43\n54.8\n53.6\n54.7\n80.2\n21\n18\n46.0\n45.9\n45.7\n1940\t\n39.2\n1941\t\n48\n34\n52.7\n54.9\n91.1\n61.9\n12\n13\n45.8\n47.6\n26.2\n1942\t\n27.3\n1943\t\n40\n56.2\n71.2\n14\n48.5\n28.9\n1944\t\n38\n58.1\n65.4\n14\n49.6\n28.2\n1945\t\n35\n59.1\n59.2\n14\n50.3\n27.8\n1946\t\n36\n43\n62.9\n66.1\n57.2\n65.1\n15\n16\n53.3\n56.0\n28.1\n1947\t\n28.6\n1948\t\n38\n66.9\n56.8\n11\n58.6\n18.8\nAge-group 50-59 Years.\n1939\t\n61\n56\n53\n53\n61.7\n61.5\n60.7\n61.3\n98.9\n91.1\n87.3\n86.5\n10\n16\n10\n14\n42.4\n43.2\n43.9\n45.4\n23.6\n1940\t\n37.0\n1941\t\n22.8\n1942\t\n30.8\n1943\t\n63\n60.6\n104.0\n11\n46.1\n23.9\n1944\t\n54\n59.8\n90.3\n15\n46.7\n32.1\n1945\t\n48\n58.1\n82.6\n9\n46.9\n19.2\n1946\t\n48\n47\n57.9\n57.3\n82.9\n82.0\n9\n6\n48.1\n48.8\n18.7\n1947\t\n12.3\n1948\t\n46\n62.1\n74.1\n10\n52.8\n18.9\nAge-group 60-69 Years.\n1939\t\n1940\t\n40\n48\n40\n54\n50\n49\n47\n65\n60\n43\n37.7\n39.7\n41.8\n44.2\n46.0\n47.8\n49.1\n50.0\n51.6\n57.3\n106.1\n120.9\n95.7\n122.2\n108.7\n102.5\n95.7\n130.0\n116.3\n75.0\n7\n14\n9\n9\n12\n6\n15\n12\n5\n9\n25.6\n27.4\n29.0\n31.6\n32.7\n34.3\n35.4\n36.8\n37.9\n42.0\n27.5\n1941\t\n1942\t\n1943\t\n28.5\n1944\t\n1945\t\n1946\t\n42.4\n32 6\n1947\t\n1948\t\nAge-group 70 Years and over.\n1939.\n1940\n1941.\n1942\n1943.\n1944\n1945.\n1946.\n1947.\n1948.\n20\n19.1\n15\n20.4\n13\n21.1\n12\n22.4\n27\n23.7\n22\n24.9\n25\n25.4\n24\n27.5\n30\n30.3\n30\n34.3\n104.7\n73.5\n61.6\n53.6\n113.9\n88.4\n98.4\n87.3\n99.0\n87.5\n14.8\n6.8\n15.6\n19.2\n16.4\n42.7\n17.5\n40.0\n18.7\n42.8\n19.7\n35.5\n20.6\n19.4\n22.1\n27.1\n23.8\n37.8\n26.0\n23.1 f\nTUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 93\nChart 25.\u2014Showing Male Tuberculosis Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population\nfor the Other-than-Indian Population of British Columbia by Age-groups,\n1939 to 1948, inclusive.\nRATE\n1939 M 94\ndepartment of health and welfare.\nChart 26.\u2014Showing Female Tuberculosis Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population\nfor the Other-than-Indian Population of British Columbia by Age-groups,\n1939 to 1948, inclusive.\nRATE TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL REPORT, 1948.\nM 95\nTable 66.\u2014Tuberculosis Mortality for the Other-than-Indian Population by\nLength of Residence in British Columbia and Place of Death, 1948.\nU'Ngth op Residence in British Columbia.\nPlace of Death.\n\u25a0d\nA\nin\nfit\nM\nA\ni\nrH\ntH\n>H\n{x\n>\n>fl\no\nO\nh\nIM\nOJJ\nXll\nIO\n__