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Buildings and Equipment of The University of British Columbia Sep 30, 1925

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 U. E. C. No. 3
Buildings and Equipment
of The University of
British Columbia
Prepared by
The University Extension Committee
The University of British Columbia
Vancouver,  September, 1925  Buildings and Equipment
The University of British Columbia
THE University of British Columbia begins the work of the Session 1925-26 in its new
and permanent home at Point Grey. The site, about six miles from the centre of Vancouver, is of ample size, and of rare beauty. The Campus, Farm and Forest lands, an
area of more than 500 acres, occupy the western part of the peninsula of Point Grey, which
thrusts itself out into the Gulf of Georgia between English Bay and the Fraser River. Thus
on three sides the site is surrounded by the sea; and with an uninterrupted view of the Islands
of the Gulf and the Olympic Range on the south, the heights  of Vancouver Island on the
View of Howe Sound prom the Campus
west, and the nearer and more imposing peaks  of the Coast Range flanking the fiord of Howe
Sound, the location commands a prospect of unrivalled marine and mountain beauty.
The situation of the University has many practical advantages. Surroundings which
include mountain and sea, river and forest, furnish exceptional facilities for field work in both
the pure and applied sciences. Within a few hours' journey from the University are smelters,
coal mines, logging camps, saw mills, pulp and paper mills, hydro-electric installations, grain
elevators and numerous manufacturing establishments, besides some of the largest metal mines
and one of the largest ore-reducing plants in the British Empire. Furthermore, the close proximity of Vancouver is a great asset for technical and industrial study. Vancouver is the commercial centre of the Province, the terminus of several transcontinental railways, and a rapidly
growing World port, and the many industrial plants which ?are thus within easy reach, are
generously opened to students of engineering for study and demonstration. In addition,
students of Economics and Sociology have at their disposal not only the materials for study
that are ordinarily available in a large city, but also those special advantages which attach
Three Clearing the Land
only to a Pacific Port,
where the Orient and Occident meet and mingle;
while good hospitals and
numerous nursing agencies give excellent opportunity for training to students in Nursing and
Public Health. The location is likewise well
adapted for investigations
in agriculture, the soil in
the immediate vicinity
being typical of heavily
timbered upland coast
soils, while close at hand
are the rich alluvial lands
of the Delta. Students of
Agriculture enjoy the further advantage of having within easy reach meat packing houses, milk depots and condensers,
and fruit and vegetable canneries.
Nearly all universities have, like Topsy in "Uncle Tom's Cabin," "jest growed." In the
case of nearly all European and most American universities, no one could foresee, at the time
of their establishment, many of the conditions that are essential and governing factors of a
20th century institution of higher learning. The amazing developments in the physical
sciences, and the provision of laboratories necessary for their study were things quite beyond
the horizon of their vision. So, too, was the consideration which all modern universities must
face, that facilities for higher education must be provided, not alone for the sons and daughters of the wealthy, but for every class of the community. Instead of considering the needs
of a few hundred students, the modern university must answer the demands of thousands.
College curricula include
not alone divinity, law and
"the humanities," but have
in view the most practical
activities of every-day life,
—-in fact, the scope of a
university today is as
broad as life itself. All
the older institutions labor
under disabilities owing to
the unexpected and unexampled developments in
university work. Buildings
were erected as growth
demanded and funds permitted, but few were so
designed as to leave room
The First Building on the Campus for expansion because
none was expected. Expansion, when it came, presented well-nigh insuperable difficulties to university authorities, because
substantial buildings were
in many cases crowded into
so small an area that their
enlargement was impossible. No problems of this
particular type will present themselves, not at
least for many generations, to those responsible for the welfare of
The University of British
Columbia. It was, from
the beginning, planned
and designed for future requirements, as well as present needs. Not only has ample provision been made for the development of the courses now offered, but space has been assigned
on the campus for many branches of study that in all probability will not for some years be
undertaken. A comprehensive plan (Page 6), selected by competent judges from many submitted, ensures a proportional and harmonious scheme of development. Of this plan, which
will be adhered to, and carried out by successive stages in future years, the permanent buildings on the campus are but the nucleus.
The Second Building on the Campus
Five   Congregation  at Fairview
HI   ivt »«i«   ^B
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1           "....   t
;      "^m ■■•9f.H
Old Site at Fairview
The Cairn
Faculty and Students at  the Fairview Site, 1922
Nine  The Permanent Buildings
THE Library stands  at the head of the Arts Quadrangle, east of the main axis.    It is
a massive structure of two stories and a basement built of British Columbian granite.
The style is late Tudor, modernized.    The entrance floor is devoted to offices, and to
the Burnett collection which represents the arts, handicraft and weapons of Polynesia.    The
Library Reading Room
floors of the Main Entrance Hall, of the staircases and of the Concourse are finished with
large marbled rubber tiles which harmonize with the general colour scheme, and ensure quietness in the principal parts of the building. The Concourse has a floor space of 100 feet by
50 feet and is 60 feet in height.    Finely designed   exposed trusses support the roof.    The
Eleven interior walls are finished in Caen Stone. The woodwork throughout is of plain oak. Ample
light is provided through large, pale, amber-coloured Gothic windows. In these are inserted
the Coats of Arms of Canadian and British Universities, which supply a touch of colour
needed to relieve the dignified austerity of the interior stone. Two smaller reading rooms,
each 60 feet by 30 feet, open off the main reading room. The Concourse provides accommodation for 250 students. The stack room, which occupies the entire rear of the building,
contains seven tiers, four of which are fully equipped with steel stacks of the latest design.
Here fifty-two semi-private study "carrels" facilitate research by advanced students. The
University Library contains 53,000 volumes and 10,000 pamphlets classified throughout on
the Congressional system. It also receives regularly 450 magazines and periodical publications devoted to literature, history, the sciences and the transactions of learned societies.
While the Library is primarily for the use of the staff and students of the University, its
resources are available to the general public on personal application to the Librarian.
THE   Power   House,   placed   in   the   centre of the space which will ultimately be the
Engineering Quadrangle, will eventually be   masked   by   the   permanent   Engineering
buildings  extending eastward towards  the Mall.    The present boiler installation consists of three units each of 250 horse power normal rating.    Each unit, so equipped as to
Power House
operate independently of the others, may act as a service as well as an experimental station.
Instruments are provided to record every operation so that close checking and comparisons
of the performance of the three different types of boilers may be made. The Babcock and Wilcox unit is equipped with their Natural Draft Stoker, and the
Sterling Boiler with forced draft  Coxe Travelling Grate.    The Kidwell, with forced draft
Coxe Travelling Grate, is also equipped with air pre-heater, by-passed, so that tests may be
conducted with or without
pre-heated    air.      Induced
draft is used with individual
forced draft fans; separate
boiler feed lines and pump
with Linchart Scale provide
boiler   feed   for   tests.     A
travelling   weigh   scale   records   the  amount   of  coal
used, while a steam jet ash
conveyer elevates the ashes
to an overhead bunker.
The efficiency and flexibility of the plant lends itself to economical operation, while the knowledge
gained in the use of different appliances will be of
great interest and value to
power plant users.
Aerial Tramway
THE Science Building forms one side of the Science Quadrangle. Its exterior is designed
in the Tudor Style, a phase of English Gothic capable of adaptation for modern collegiate
requirements. It is constructed throughout of British Columbian granite with interior
finishings of oak. Wherever possible, plain wall surfaces, consisting of the split faces of the
granite arranged in random sizes with white joints, have been used. The general grey tone is
relieved by the use of a small quantity of field stone of darker shades. The windows are of
leaded glass in steel sashes. The interior of the building is finished in brick and tile in pleasing
tones of brown which harmonize with the oak-panelled doors.
This building, which was designed for the sole use of Chemistry ultimately, now accommodates the Departments of Chemistry, Physics, Bacteriology, and Nursing and Health. The
lecture rooms and laboratories are well lighted. Special attention has been paid to the ventilating system, the air being renewed every seven minutes by motor driven fan blowers. Distilled water, gas, steam, compressed air and electrical supply circuits have been provided
wherever required. These services are carried in trenches in the floor, an arrangement which
facilitates any necessary repairs.
Thirteen  Chemistry-—In this Department there are ten offices and private laboratories fully
equipped with special facilities for research, ten general laboratories, two lecture rooms, four
balance rooms, several supply and store rooms, a constant temperature room, a liquid air
room, a departmental
library and a reading
room, a photographic dark
room and a well equipped
machine shop.
A large steam-operated
still is located in a room
on the roof, from which
distilled water is distributed through block-tin
pipes to various sections of
the building. The laboratories and research rooms
are well supplied with
fume cupboards. Great
care has been given to the
choice and selection of all
structural materials used
throughout the building
and to all materials used
for special experimental
equipment. All structural
iron work is heavily
painted with special acid-
proof paint.
The laboratories include
one for elementary chem-
A Corridor in the Science Building
Laying the Corner-stone or the Science Building
istry, two for elementary
qualitative and quantitative analysis, an advanced quantitative, an
elementary organic, an
advanced organic, an agricultural, a physical, an
industrial and an organic
combustion room.
Physics — On the first
floor of the Science Building there are two large
lecture rooms; three large
laboratories for Elementary Physics, Mechanics
and Heat, and Electricity;
a reading room for ad-
Fifteen Panoramic View op Campus, May, 102+
Panoramic   View o' Campus,  May.  1025
Sd.'  nteen vanced students ; a number of offices and small laboratories in which special work may be undertaken by members of the staff; and two rooms adjoining the larger lecture room, one serving
as a repository for the apparatus and the other as a convenient place in which to prepare
experiments for lecture demonstration.
In the basement there are a dark room and small laboratories designed for light and
X-ray experiments; a large research laboratory provided with four large piers which are not
in contact with the building, thus affording facilities for the use of sensitive apparatus; a
battery room containing two sets of storage cells supplying 110 volts each, from which current may be obtained in any of the laboratories by means of a switch-board in the distributing
room adjoining; a constant temperature room; and a mechanic's shop equipped with tools for
repairing and making apparatus.
Bacteriology—This Department has four laboratories, two for general Student work,
one for serological work and one for advanced research. In addition a lecture room, offices, a
preparation room and a sterilization room have been provided.
Nursing and Health—The three rooms assigned to this Department constitute a teaching
unit such as is provided in modern training schools for the instruction of nurses. All the
equipment necessary for the demonstration of elementary nursing procedure is available.
The First Assembly in the New Auditorium
Eighteen Semi-Permanent   Buildings
On the ground floor of this building are situated the offices of the President, the Dean
of the Faculty of Arts and Science, the Registrar, and the Bursar. On the second floor are
two large rooms, one for the meetings of the Board of Governors and the Senate, and the
other for meetings of Faculties and Committees.
Administration Building
The Auditorium Building is designed in a pleasing treatment of Renaissance architecture
and is furnished with the most modern equipment. It has a seating capacity of 1140, a large
stage admirably equipped for dramatic presentations, an orchestra pit and adequate off-stage
Auditorium Building
Nineteen dressing rooms.    Provision has been made for  the operation of moving pictures, and the stage
is equipped with a cyclorama and all necessary electrical illumination devices.
In addition to the Auditorium proper, this building houses various other important
features. In the basement are situated the lunch room, designed to accommodate 400 students
at a time, a small dining room for the Faculty, and a kitchen furnished with the latest cooking
and baking equipment. The bookstore, post office, medical offices, women's rest room, students'
council offices and numerous committee rooms for subsidiary organizations are also located in
the Auditorium Building.
In the Arts Building, which forms the centre of the semi-permanent group, are located
the lecture rooms and offices for the following Departments in the Faculty of Arts and
Science; Classics, Economics, Sociology and Political Science, English, History, Mathematics,
Modern Languages and Philosophy. The lecture rooms, 16 in number, the largest of which
accommodates 250 students, the others ranging in seating capacity from 32 to 65 each, are
well designed and exceptionally well lighted. The remaining rooms are the office of the Dean
of Women, and four common rooms for the use of the undergraduates in Arts and Science.
HuouiiLi lilii
Arts Building
This building accommodates
the Departments of Agronomy,
Animal Husbandry, Dairying,
Horticulture and Poultry Husbandry. It also contains the
office and record rooms for the
Farm Survey studies and four
lecture rooms, the largest of
which has  a  seating capacity  of
Perennial Border
Agriculture Buildino
112, the others accommodating
from 36 to 54 students. The remaining space is occupied by the
necessary offices, preparation
rooms, storage rooms, a photographic dark room, a herd book
room, and a students' common
The Nursery
Twenty-one Horticultural Buildin
a view to improving upon the
varieties in common use. This extensive material not only affords
opportunity for giving the students practical experience on the
propagation, planting, pruning,
and general care of the various
horticultural crops, but also
makes possible for both undergraduate and graduate students
valuable   comparative   studies   in
The Department of Horticulture maintains field plantings covering at present some twelve
acres. These plantings comprise
the more important kinds and
varieties of tree fruits, small
fruits, vegetables and ornamental
trees, shrubs and flowers, as well
as some of the newer and rarer
kinds which are being tested with
In the Orchard
connection with various experiments conducted with these crops.
Supplementing the outside field
plantings, a glass propagating
house provides accommodation for
a modest collection of some of the
more tender plants besides supplying the students with some practical training in greenhouse management.
Strawberry Plots
Twentv-twa Agronomy Building
This Department is provided
with a combined laboratory and
lecture room which is equipped
with water, gas and electricity.
While this room will be used for
studies in crop production, in the
judging of specimens of plants
and in the determination of soil
samples, the main emphasis will be
laid on the work conducted in the
Department's outdoor laboratory
—the Agronomy fields.
Throughout the nine years,
during which Agronomy work has
been undertaken at the Point Grey
Site, an endeavour has been made
to collect plants from all over the
world which might be considered
suitable for conditions prevailing
in this Province. Considerable
testing and breeding work has
been done with this material, and
a number of crosses were made in
1917   and   later   which,   together
Agronomy Plots
A Clover Plot
with their progeny, will give the
students abundant material for
studies in heredity. Several outstanding varieties and strains have
been produced within all lines of
field crops and these will serve as
a basis for demonstration, multiplication and ultimately for dissemination among the farmers of
the Province.
Work on soils and soil fertility
is a specialized branch of this
The Department of Animal
Husbandry possesses outstanding
herds and flocks of the different
types of live stock—Ayrshires and
Jerseys. representing the dairy
types, Shorthorns and Herefords
the   beef   types,   Clydesdales   the
Clydesdale  Mares
draft horse, Berkshires, Yorkshires and Duroc Jerseys the
various types of swine, and Oxfords, Shropshires and South-
downs representing the middle
wool types of sheep. In this material and in the farm survey rec-
InjUK  Hah.v
ords, the Department possesses a
wealth of data for teaching and
illustrating matters connected
with farm management, live-stock
management, feed and nutrition,
pedigree and breeding.
Jersey Cows
Twenty-four Runt- Mark
(tm  Paw*  ivmcn, i"i: it
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I ■
Ni i.  iniBT IUh*
HI     1-1..i,i(iV
FAEU   Cl*lTA(Hi3
ru'cnry-^i* DAIRYING
The new laboratories of the Department of Dairying consist of a number of rooms on the
ground floor of the Agriculture Building. Facilities are provided for conducting researches
on the bacterial flora of milk, butter and cheese, and the relation of the flora to the production
and sale of high quality products. Moreover these laboratories have made it possible for work
to be done on the mycology of certain varieties of cheese. Excellent
facilities have been provided for
the instruction of students in the
work indicated. Though cheese-
making and butter-making will be
conducted in the temporary dairy
building, the new laboratories permit, to a marked degree, of closer
contact in the various activities of
the Department.
Dairy Building
In the poultry laboratory in the Agriculture Building, facilities and equipment are provided to assist in the study of poultry nutrition, diseases, and other problems related to the
On the poultry plant, which
is the main laboratory of the
Poultry Department, ten pure
breeds of commercial importance
are being tested for egg and meat
production. Experiments in management and marketing are conducted with these birds and their
products. An economic study of
the business and management of
100 poultry farms in the province
supplements   the  work  conducted
Wyandotte Pullets at the University.
Soldiers' Re-establishment Building
This building houses the Departments of Geology, Civil Engineering, Zoology, Forestry,
Botany, the Applied Science lecture rooms and a students' common room. All the
laboratories have been equipped with the essential services. One large lecture room, providing accommodation for 250 students, and 11 smaller lecture rooms with a seating capacity
ranging from 25 to 112 are located in this building. Extensive provision has been made
for draughting rooms and for the necessary offices, preparation rooms, storage rooms, and
photographic rooms.    A geological museum and a reading room have also been provided.
"■• n
•  t  ^
iiil ll'lRMil
Applied Science Building
Geology—In addition to the necessary lecture rooms, the Department of Geology has
three large and well equipped laboratories, the Mineralogical, the Petrological and the
Geological. A workroom is equipped for cutting and grinding specimens for microscopic
examination, and for geological experiments. It also contains a photographic dark room.
The museum contains valuable collections of illustrative material which supplement the extensive working collections in the laboratories. The departmental library contains books, maps,
photographs and slides for reference.
Civil Engineering—Well equipped and well lighted draughting and designing rooms are
provided for all classes in drawing, mapping, machine design, and computation work. Surveying equipment for all types of work, including land, railway, hydrographic, topographic,
astronomical and precise surveys is available for undergraduate classes.
The Hydraulic Laboratory is situated in the Mining, Metallurgy and Hydraulic Building, while opportunity for making extensive tests of timber and steel is provided for
students in Civil Engineering through an arrangement with the Dominion Forest Products
Zoology—This Department, which includes in its syllabus courses in Entomology, has
two large laboratories, a small research laboratory and two private laboratories, all well
equipped.    A room used for class material also  serves as a repository for a museum collection.
Forestry—While the Department of Forestry has its own laboratory for work in wood
technology, its own class rooms and offices, it uses the laboratories of other Departments
quite  extensively,  notably  those  in   Biology, Civil Engineering and Forest Products.
Twentv-ieven The Department possesses in the forest belt, which has been preserved on the campus as
a natural park, a very valuable outdoor laboratory for forestry students. The forest, containing about 100 acres, is typical of the stands found on the western coast, and all the principal species of trees and shrubs of the region are represented, including Douglas fir, western
red cedar, western hemlock, Sitka spruce, grand fir, broad-leaf maple, alder and many others.
Botany—The Botanical
laboratories include a
large junior laboratory, a
senior laboratory, two student research laboratories,
three private research
rooms, and a Herbarium
of over 15,000 sheets provided with fireproof accommodation.
The Botanical Gardens
occupy five acres on the
west side of the University
campus. Here may be
seen over 1000 different
species of native plants
collected from all parts of
British Columbia, including   dry-belt,   alpine   and
coast species. One part of the gardens is devoted to the herbaceous collection, and here plants
are systematically arranged according to their families; another part is reserved for a native
arboretum to illustrate the British Columbian species of trees and shrubs; still another constitutes the nursery, where duplicates and plants for research are raised. The economic flora
is represented by several beds of medicinal plants.
Botanical Gardens
The University, through
this Department, offers
assistance in the identification of native species
and desires to secure the
co-operation of all interested in the flora of British
Columbia, in order to fill
existing gaps in the collections of the Herbarium
and Botanical Gardens.
Another View of Botanical Gardens
The Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering is housed in two buildings,
the larger one for Mechanical Engineering, the  smaller for Electrical Engineering.
The Mechanical Building comprises a large laboratory, three lecture rooms, a draughting room, a calorimetry room, a storage room and a machine shop. In the Mechanical
laboratory there are a Corliss engine, a two-stage air-compressor, and a new National gas
engine, which will be equipped with the necessary apparatus for carrying out complete tests.
In addition, two oil engines are available for testing purposes, also a 50 h.p. Diesel Engine
and Fronde Brake, a De Laval steam Turbine with condenser, a triple expansion marine engine,
a carbon dioxide refrigerating machine, several oil engines, and a gas engine. The power
house with its different types of boilers will be available for carrying out complete boiler tests.
A 250 K. W.-A. C. generator driven by a compound engine of the high speed type, and also
the steam pumps of various kinds in the power house will be available for testing purposes.
Engineering Laboratories
The calorimetry room is fitted with a Junker's gas calorimeter for the complete analysis of
fuels and gas. In addition a large amount of equipment for experimental work in the
mechanics of machines is provided. There is also an excellent machine shop equipped with
lathes and other modern machine tools.
In the smaller of the two buildings junior and senior laboratories are provided for Electrical Engineering as well as rooms for research, photometry, meter-standardizing, and a
high tension testing laboratory. The senior laboratory contains modern equipment, including three phase series and shunt commutator motors, a repulsion motor of the Deri brush
shifting type, rotary converters, synchronous motors and direct current machines of the series,
shunt, and compound types. There is also a Hunt Cascade Induction motor, an alternator
and a Kapp Vibrator. An oscillograph of the Duddell type, and an alternating current
potentiometer of the Gall type has also been installed. The junior laboratory is furnished
with all the equipment necessary in preparing  for the senior course.
The Mining and Metallurgical laboratories cover a total area of 5000 square feet. The
Ore Dressing laboratory, which includes a workshop, storage room and flotation room, is
well equipped with a variety of small scale machines, including crusher, rolls, screens, jigs,
ball mills, and tables. A two-ton travelling crane covers the whole laboratory. The laboratory is fully wired for power and light and has large water mains and drains. The Metallurgical laboratory includes a fire assay room, with oil, gasoline and gas furnaces; a wet assay
room, with large fan draught fume closet and work benches wired for electric and gas heating ; a fine balance room; a photographic dark room, and ample storage room.
The Hydraulic laboratory is well equipped for tests and demonstrations of high and low
pressure hydraulic machines and pumps. A 60-horse-power D. C. motor is utilized to drive
either a 10-inch single stage centrifugal pump having a capacity of 2400 gallons per minute
against a 70-ft. head, or to drive a 4-inch two-stage pump having a capacity of 525 gallons
per minute against a 325-foot head. The water from the large pump can be used to drive a
10-inch vertical reaction turbine, while the flow from the high pressure pump can be used to
drive an 18-inch Pelton Wheel, thus providing students with actual working demonstrations
of all the ordinary types of machines. Installations include apparatus for weir, nozzle, and
orifice measurements, flow in pipes, tests and demonstrations of Venturi, current and service
meters. One section of the laboratory is set apart for making the standard tests of cement
and sand.
This building was erected by the University, but the task of providing the personnel
and furnshing the equipment has been undertaken by the Department of the Interior. By
further arrangement between this Department and the University the laboratories are available for the use of classes engaged in testing materials.
In this building there are a large timber testing laboratory, an experimental kiln-drying
laboratory, a pathological laboratory, an exhibit room, a carpenter shop and a special build-
Forest Products Building
Thirty A View of Marine Drive from
University Grounds
The buildings and equipment
described above were planned to
accommodate fifteen hundred
students. Last year the registration, exclusive of Summer
Session and Short Course Students, was 1451. Now, for the
first time in the institution's history it has class room, laboratory and office accommodation
adequate for present requirements.
ing for air seasoning studies of
lumber. Provision has also been
made for the necessary offices
and for a reference library.
All the laboratories are well
equipped. Testing machines
range from a 200,000-pound
Olsen Universal compression
and tension machine to the most
delicate balances.
Overlooking a Bathing Beach from
University Grounds
Thirty-one Buitdin&sandGrounds of
Thei/nimsityoffiritish Columbia,
Vancouver, 3.C.
Farm Lands
1 Library
2 c/cie#ce
3 Jfc/ministntior?
6 JipptiedScience
Z Rawer/base
Permanent fie//,
^ Jem/flermar&rJt £ui/d/hps
9 fflecbanidoi Laboratories    22\SCff. HScational
10 Electrical Laboratories
f2 fvrest floduck Laboratory
t& tiorticulturaL Barn	
Farm    Land?


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