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[Report to the Provincial Government of British Columbia] Nov 13, 1912

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 #'
lo She Provincial Government of British Columbia,
UNIVERSITY  Oi' BRETIEH   CCXUIiBIA.
Gentlemen,
In making our Report and Award in this Competition, we
are conscious of the great responsibility devolving upon us.
The opportunity is unique, and is well referred to in
the Instructions as Ha great oneH»  Ii we look back to Great
Britain as an example it is quite impossible to guage the
influence for good upon busy centres which the recent
establishment of Universities has had.  So much the more is
it of importance that the buildings, to be erected upon such
a site as is available, and likely to form such a precedent,
should be in all respects of the highest order of design,
planned and fitted in every detail to meet the needs and to
be worthy of their destiny.
The buildings will remain as a standard of the taste of
today in British Columbia for all time.  They are likely to
be commented upon or criticized the world, over, and we feel
it x«i|K»MKf has been imposed upon us to spare no pains in
reaching our conclusions and to permit no consideration^of
any kind to influence ue other than those of the merits; of
the designs submitted.
She site may justly be described as ideal.  It is so
in its commanding situation upon the bay, in its natural
beauty and contours, which permit the most to be made
architecturally of its great possibilities.  It is so in its
comparative seclusion, so suitable to a home of learning,
and at the same time in its accessibility to the City,
She prizes cfferyed are almost on a scale of lavishness,
and 1% competition ought to havejattracted all the best talent
of the country.  It wvs therefore a matter of disappointment 2.
as well as of some surprise that only nineteen sets of designs
were submitted, and of these, one could not be considered as
a serious effort.  ifive ethers were merely tentative, and of
these one v,(js out of order as being signed by the competitor's
name.
We weie therefore reduced to the consideration of thirteen
schemeb and one of these we had to reject as having marks of
identification upon it, which are disallowed by the instructions.
It was therefore disqualified, even if otherwise satisfactory,
which was far from being the case.
Twelve sets were left from which to*-make cur selection.
In other words one third of the whole number submitted could
claim prizes.
We are not able to point very clearly to the reasons why
the response has not fulfilled cur expectations. It may
possibly rest with the fact that design of this kind is of
a very technical character, and in the instructions, great
latitude was left to the individual architect.
The procedure adopted in dealing with the plans and
documents submitted was as follows.
The parcels were opened in the presence of tv/o of the
Assessors, and to each document disclosed was immediately
attached a number and the same number to the wrappings of each
set of plans submitted.
The sealed envelopes were then deposited in the Government
safe and were finally procured, thence and opened in the presence
of all the Board of Assessors,
During the examination of the plans they were consistently
kept under a special lock fitted with keyB held only by the
Assessors. Even the servants within the Building had no access
to theroom.
in dealing with the site, the Government have very clearly
laid down in their Instructions, their desire to make the most
f 3.
of the beautiful views which it commands.  We, concur entirely
in the soundness of this decision as to the treatment most
desirable.  The best vistas have been correctly laid down upon
the site-plan which was carefully prepared tc give in full
measure the various levels and gradients.  There was one
slight error of a single figure on the plan, Taut this could not
affect the problem or the competitors.
We think therefore that those competitors who have failed
to give attention to this point, but who have designed buildings
suitable to Oe set down upon any comparatively common-place
level site, possessing none of the distinctive attributes of
this one, have failed to make the best of the opportunity.
In dais respect, one of the most elaborate sets of
drawings submitted ha(rttfailed entirely to grasp the essentials
of the treatment desired and desirable.
Again, while freedom is given to the competitora as
to style, a definite suggestion is made as to the appropriateness
of three distinctive styles, viz., A free rendering of late
Tudor or Elizabethan or Scotch Baronial.
Whatever our individual feelings may be on the question
of style, we were bound to consider the additional claim of
those competitors, who have, in this respect, as well as in
other points, reflected the spirit of the Instructions.
A dignified Simplicity was also asked for.  Here again
as well as in style, only one competitor has disregarded the
suggestions and has struck out a line of his own in producing
a classical scheme of a grandiose and palatial 1   oharacter.
It is quite clear that the Instructions had in view ♦ dignified
but simpler and often domestic types of the older English
Universities, rather than &ue more grandiose £$£ modern
American examples.
We concur in this preference.
Another competitor, who claims to work in "the Grand
Manner" haft produced a curious medley of design, which passes
from severe Columniated Classic though- a lighter Italian 4.
Renaissance to Tudor and thence Ecclesiastical Gothic.
With one exception, in which the minor access of the site
is made to predominate, all of the twelve competitors referred
to/ deal with the site as dominated by the North and South
ao4,&sfot   although in the one case of the Classical design above
mentioned theaOtfsjJ&e* is comparatively immaterial, inasmuch
as toe vist-as are ignored.
We have examined in great detail each of the designs submitted,
and append herewith Bome short notes upon each.
hi CihMiM  //
After mature deliberation that Number XVI has best succeeded
A.
in laying down a well-devised and workable plan suitable to
the site.  There is much to be said in commendation of the
straighforward and direct scheme which the author has devised.
The buildings fit themselves naturally and in a. simple and
well-balanced manner upon the site, and culminate in the
dominating block of the Administrative Group, which forms a
feature seen from all points of the compass.
The type of architecture adopted is a free rendering
of the late Gothic.  It is rather hard in manner and the author
has missed in his draiings some of those refinements in the use
of material inherent to a really scholarly adaptation of the
style.
When we come to the individual planning there is a good
de<l to be desired, as will appear in our more detailed remarks.
The cost of the first four buildings to be erected is within
reasonable limits, and. we set this design first in the
compet rtion. %
We think that Number XVIII deserves to be placed second
in order of merit.
This scheme is also well laid out on the site but has
delects to which we refer more particularly in cur detailed
remarks.  The requirements generally are not so successfully
met in some particulars, although in others there are effective points.
The style adopted is Scotch Baronial without some of
its defects, but in ether respects the treatment is somewhat
hard and mechanical, ana the author has missed some of the
opportunities which the style affords in dealing sympathetically
with the materials of stone and roughcast adopted by him.
There is however, a distinctive character of unity and some
dignity in the whole architectural scheme.  The estimate of
cost is satisfactorily stated.
We place XIX third in order of merit.
We place XX fourth in order of merit, on the ground that
the author has shown in his detail an appreciation of
Collegiate work oi quiet character.
/   In concluding this report which we assume will in due
| course be made public we must refer to the erroneous and
/
f premature publication in the press of the result of the
i
t     competition as stated to have been reported.
a       The reputed successful competitor's name was given and
A'   such information as, could not lail to identify the set of
^   plans,referred to in the press notice in some detail.
'        We regret that so irregular an incident should have.
occurred, more especially when we had taken such precautions
that no information of an official ockiaracter Mhuld leak out,.
The plans in question were not,in cur estimation,
deserving of a prize in the competition, but it is important
to state thatour decision and report upon them in detail was
completed before the announcement occurred, and we have
purposely Altered no word of it since.
'"V.,,
We have  the honour to be,
/      y s       s?  - Gentlemen,
l{fr{)#*<A^*^ - Yourobedient^rvants,
J?.b:- Appended  are  our CJi*-~<*Jtirr
detailed notes,   which need fa   i/%^\ZlPtlX4s*^^/~?*jf~
not  necessarily  be made public. <£^J^^ PRIVATE AND OUKBIDINTIAL.
TO the Provincial Government of British Columbia.
UNIVERSITY Oi' BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Gentlemen,
We think it advisable to add to cur open report a
■confidential communication, vrtiich we hope may be of advantage
to the Government in carrying forward the great scheme they
have initiated.
We feel that the opportunity is such an important one
for wringing, special distinction upon this Province and those
who are guiding its destinies, that no apology is needed from
us for taking this course.
It seems necessary to dwell further upon the fact that
the response to the invitation was not by any means so full
as might have been exacted.  We cannot but think that the
- the-
drafting ci* instructions to Architects may have had something to
do with this. An official answer to one of the questioning
competitors states that the instructions were drawn up by an
architect, and he hardly seems to have drawn them so concisely
or logically as is usual or desirable in such work. When
Instructions permit too wide a latitude,Axperienced competitors
are apt to fear that the plans they submit may not be judged upon
an equal basis.,, and are shy accordingly of submitting their work
to the additional chances involved.  Moreover it is obviously
impossible, under the circumstances of an open Competition, to
answer the inevitable questions arising from instructions of an
indeterminate character.  Thi3 appears in the correspondence
where it is properly stated that special additional information
could not fairly be given to individuals.
In locking through the Instructions, we found that the
Agricultural Building, although mentioned in the introduction
as cne of the Buildings first to be erected, is ignored when the
details of The Problem to be solved are given.  Its specific
requirements were thus left entirely to each competitor's own 2.
judgment, and obviously a wide diversity resulted.
There was some doubt as to the area to be provided for the
Administrative Group, and also as to which of the Buildings
in the detailed list was specially to be set apart as the Arts
ano Science Building already authorized to be erected.
unless the
It may also be pointed out that auubeaa number of storeys
be defined^the area a building will occupy upon ohe ground is net
a guide as to its capacity.
No instruction was given as to the number of students to be
accomodated in any individual School.
These circumstances necessarilynrendered our own task a much
more laborious and difficult one than is usual.  It was obviously
our bounden duty, in accordance with the conditions and Instructions
to select four competitors in the order of merit for the award
of four prizes.  No-less do we feel it our duty to add that we
do not consider any one of the designs premiated or submitted of
sufficient merit, taking all in all, to warrant its adoption
for erection, in the form in which it has come before us.
Undoubtedly the laying out of the ground in the first premiated
design is of a high order of merit, but when it cernes to the details
of planning of individual buildings,this competitor's work, as
thatof others, falls short of what we consider essential for the
needs of University Buildings, necessarily in this important case:
embodying the best modern achievement.
The same applies to the Architecture submitted by this
competitor,  This has merit and character of its own, which we
have duly considered and acknowledged in making our award.
It meets fairly what is asked for in the Instructions as to style,
but at the same time it has not the full measure of that scholarly
touch and charm which we should desire to see when the occasion
is of such far-reaching importance,
If the author of the first premiated design prolves to be a
thoroughly capable and experienced architect, with which qualities
that of receptivity is bound to be associated, and if he has the
ability to do justice to the occasion, we venture to su&gest that 3.
before elaborating his reconsidered designs, which.as already stated
must be remodelled in the details of their planning, and therefore
to a large extent of their elevation, he should be directed to visit
and study the oest extant examples of the style adopted.  No textbook can teach the freer and flexible Northern styles, ncr can
any school of Art.  These have to be learnt from the stones and
from the craftsmen* and to adapt thsia, as a living growth, to present
needs is a work for the trained imagination of the architect.
We deem it of importance that the Principal of the College
and the various heads of faculties should be appointed before the
architect's final plans are made, so that he may work out hi3 detailed
schemes in collaboration with those who will be responsible for
organizing the new buildings in their infcipiency.
Another form of procedure suggests itself.
As the response to the Government's invitation has been so
much more.meagre than was anticipated, and as no one design submitted
is wholly successful, it would not be unreasonable to regard this
as only a preliminary competition.
Another competition might be instituted,and, if this course were
decided uiicn, we suggest that it should be open to architects
practising in the British Empire.  This, we understood, was really
the intention in this case but the Instructions and the accompanying
circular ruaite it quite clear and definite that the Competition
was strictly limited to the Dominion.
Such a course as here suggested would entail additional expense,
perhaps some delay, and a rejudging of plane, althomgh as a matter of
fact it might be proceeding concurrently with the appointment of
the College officials which must be a matter of some time.  We
venture to think that in a matter of such import the comparatively
small initial expenses.which might be 3aved over and over again if
the actual execution of the works were in the most competent hands
need not be considered as against the issues at stake, nor should
a narrow view be taken as to the limiting of the competitors.
We ought to add that in the event of a second Competition being
initiated, either now or in the future, it would be better and fairer
to those wrio have responded to the present invitation that their plans 4.
should not be publicly exhibited,, unless a special request be
made lor such an exhibition by the architects themselves.  In that
case, each competitor should have the opportunity of giving his
permission for "Bs<6 plans to be exhibited.
We have the honour to be,
Gentlemen,
Your obedient servants,
Victoria,  B.C.,
November  loth,   1912, V
For Confidential use.
REPORT UPON INDIVIDUAL PLANS,
XVI,  S'irst Premiated,
This scheme represents an effective as well as practical
lay.out of the grounds.  The Buildings are placed somewhat
symmetrically in blocks of three along the main axis and the
vista culminates in a prominent block containing the Administration
Offices and Assembly Halls across which the minor axis.continuing
one of the streets leading from the City, passes and forms a fine
^-  conception.  To the a&aeifr of the central block but still laid out
on the major axis,is the Chapel grouped on either side of which
are the Dormitory Blocks, Students' Clubs and Gymnasium set out
in architectural lelation.
Law and philosophy are in thenyosition of flyers on either
side of the Main northern Entrance.
The Theological College is set on a lower level in the
form of a semi-circle towards the West and in a similar position
towards the East the Women's College fills in the rounded angle
of the site,the whole being within the perimeter of the University
Boulevard.
The  Alumni Garden is wall-placed at the foot of the slope
on the transverse axis and beyond it amid the belt of trees, and
conveniently excavated out of the bank in this position is the
Outdoor Theatre.
The Author has provided a Stadium, which is not asked for
and interferes with the area of the Athletic yield which is in
itself well-placed but insufficient. Were the Stadium entirely
omitted or turned round with axis East and West the Athletic
Shield would suffice and is better given than on any other design
submitted.  The Women's College also which is separated from the
Main Buildings by a well-schemed boulevard parallel to the, main
axis has space for tennis or minor games about it.
The bouncing area East of the boulevard is devoted to
cottages for the working staff, faculty Houses, Hospital, etc.,
the whole with the vaa cus Entrances making a workable scheme As regards architecture the author shows too much hardness
and regularity in the treatment of his stone bonding.which makes
the work look mechanical and hard,and is somewhat cut of
character with the style.  If a little more tenderly and artistically
treated the elevations would be greatly improved,  one would like
to have seen the work brought a little more into line with the
typical traditional Collegiate type of the Seventeenth Century
in England without in any way suggesting that it should be made
^iore elaborate in detail than is shown.
.Referring now to the four buildings already authorized, a
portion only of the Arts and Science Building indicated under heads
(I-, (2), (3), and (4) of Page 4 of the lnstructions, can be
provided for the sum now at disposal and the author has elected to
design the chemistry Block m.  He would probably have been
better advised to allocate the building 3hown in detail to the
College of Arts, etc., with some revision of planning.  This
latter he shows as of the same outline on his block plan. In either
case there is an insufficiency of large rooms for laboratories
on trie u*.o hand or for leature theatres on the other. There is
insufficient Cloak-room and lavatory space,which must be provided
for both sexes.   The Office and Professors' Room might have been
better demoted to these uses.  The Lecture-Theatre is not well
schemed either as to the approaches or lighting*while the vestibule
space is inadequate.  Some of ^the Research Rooms have south light
which is inapplicable and the general provision of Balance Rooms,
professors' Rooms, etc., not sufficiently considered.
On the Pirst Ploor the buildings are broken up into unnecessarily small rooms.  The Ante-room at 'the head of the stairs
absorbs too much of the upper part of the Lecture-theatre.
THE AGRICULTURAL BUILDING.
This Building is devised on three floors in a block with East
and West alignment.  There are entrances upon two sides to a central
hall with corridors lighted from acta ends and from two staircases.
On the Ground Ploor are two Lecture-rooms each for IdO with
Preparation Rooms, two Laboratories for 60 each, with apparatus rooms 3,
six Lecture-rooms, for from 20 to 25 each, space for Porter and
professors1 Cloak-rooms.
On the pirst floor are two Laboratories for 60 each with
Balance rooms and Professors' rooms, two Research Laboratories,
four Professors' Rooms (two of them small), Library, and Museum.
On the Third floor are two Laboratories for oO each with
Balance and. Dark Rooms, two Laboratories for 60  each, four Research
Laboratories and two small Lecture Rooms.
No basement is shown, and no segregated space for animals
under treatment, for machinery and other necessary equipment and
storage.  No greenhouse is provided.
Apart from the necessary Basement, Cloak Rooms etc., the
equipment is well-thought-out, although it would be found essential
in operation to provide at least one more comprehensive Theatre,
and to increase the accomodation of the two large Laboratories.
THE DORMATORIES.
These are planned in two CourtYards each having a Dining Hall
withia common Kitchen, the last top-lighted with servants' quarters,
over them comprehensively schemed.  The Dormatories have corridor
planning fum the Ground Ploor, but independent rooms on the upper
S'locrs.  In the latter two fy<iW<Mfflim. and in four cases as many as
four Bedrooms.are made common to one Sitting Room,  A groined
corridor with projecting porches is schemed flanking the Dining
Room towards the Court. With some revision the plan lays down a
scheme which could be made workable and convenient. A single
Sitting and Bedroom for each man approached ifom a staircase on the
Oxford and. camoridge plan is in our view essential.
THE POWER HOUSE.
This is masKed by and made the centre of the Engineering School
with the Buildings of which it is entirely surrounded. Prom the
centre rises a smoke-stack matched by another, which would not be
necessary, in theMining School.- These two stacks would be a block
in the scheme in so prominent a position.  The p0wer House should 4.
and could, in cur judgment, be placed away altogether on the
sea side of the Marine Drive where fuel could, readily be brought
to a jetty by water carriage.  This could be done in this case
without in any way affecting the planB.
< ■
As regards cost it is somewhat difficult for us when no
instructions are laid down as to the equipment of the Agricultural
Building to mkjce comparative estimates of the four buildings
now authorized. T'h^  individual buildings as planned by the
several architects vary sometimes nearly fifty per cent in cubical
content.  In viae  present case we estimate that the cost of
these four biildings as planned will wcrit out at something less
than ^1,700,000.00.   The author has fairly interpreted the
Instructions as regards the area of those buildings where it is
specified. XVIII, Second Premiated,
This is on the whole a thoughfully devised and practical
scheme in which the author has carefully considered the
Instructions and areas. It could be improved by some transposition
of buildings, but is nevertheless among the best submitted.
Although the author has considered the gradation of the site
he has to some extent overlooked its inherent difficulties.
To meet these, he proposes a large scheme of earth anemoval.
The forecourt at the Northern Entrance is appropriated to the
purposes of the segregated Gardens, which would jplace ±ix±Mxac
this in a toe prominent and public position.  The general
treatment of the Gardens is generally not so well contrived as
the layout.
As in several other instances no Athletic pield is provided, nor
is space left for it.
A Stadium,however, excavated cut of the ground, occupies a
position on the site overlooked by the Women's College for which
no provision for games is made.
The Crossroads are rather too narrow for effect.
The Theological College is arranged as one of the important
buildings flanting the Main Avenue on the East and corresponds
with the Medical Block on the West.  A common Assembly Hall is
planned out no apace for individual Chapels.
The Power House is veil disposed, and the Entrance Lodges and
Approaches at the North end well schemed.
THE-ARTS BLOCK. "
Beferring in detail to the four authorized buildings the Arts
Bloik is subdivided into a number of small Lecture Theatres with
raised stages and studies, and would require entire reconsideration
for practical use.
The Main corridor an the Ground Ploor is too narrow and
confined and without external lighting.
provision is madef or cloaks for men and women on each floor,
but no sanitary conveniences.  These will be essential for each
block. 6.
AGRICULTURE.
As is the case with other competitors a large Theatre an essential
equipment in an Agricultural School is not given.  The bulling is a
detached one and could readily be replanned in much the same form
to meet the required needs.  Generally speaking this competitor
has thought the matter out carefully.
THE DORMATORIES.
The Dormatories are planned in thr ,.e symmeterical E-shaped
blocks each for 124 residents.  There, is one court with wings and
three other blocks conveniently located.  The plans are on the
system of Oxford and Cambridge with separate stair-cases.
These are carried down to the base.aent where two baths, two W.Cs.,
and a lavatory are provided for each staircase,
A complete bathroom and offices is a better arrangement.
The planning of the angle blocks breaks down on the important question
of light.   The Kitchen? shown are somewhat tec small.  The general
design iB satisfactory.
THE POWER HOUSE.
The Power House would require replanning in association with
an engineer. It is clothed in a suitable exterior. The author gives
a correct estimate of $1,400,000.00 for these four buildings
in his report. XIX - Third premiated.
This scheme indicates* layout with a large open and expanding
area devoted to lawns along the axis of the site.
The author has endeavoured with some skill on plan to adjust
the alingment of his buildings so that they fill in the recesses
of the sits along the East and West boundaries.
A defect of the plan consists in the apparent resultant spreading
of the buildings over nearly the whole site, and an insufficient x
area* is left for athletics.  The special garden capable of
segregation has not been provided.   The levels of the site
which are advantageous to a fine treatment are ignored, and
the consequent development would not be possible in actuality
without large initial expense.
Planning in detail
'Qks.   Arts Department. iVv-s*-**^' +f •
6 leeturetooms     £rr   ate. 50 each.. 3«x»
4 large class rooms *« <**. abort 40  160
39 class rooms      «  lift, about 25  975
*r€- accomodation
No studies wanted but locker - room «i4Mttttt» for men and women.
Absence of common-room.  Library insufficient.
Museum   not required.
Areajr of buildings correct.
Planning of tower area not good, tower unnecessary and
extravagant. Museum and library could usefully have been
^combined*.
The Power house badly jbImbhi* placed, would be better in south east
corner of sea belt of tree*.        No architectural detail supplied.
Keeping rooms too small.    Planning of kitchen, butteries and
corridors is on the immemorial English pint system of an entrance
under the Hall gallery,' |»M>iig^lifcMiili<iiM i*i*aMMJpw*«»u,1iiii*iMfc'
Ita xttat Hi x w ximwlag»■* xi.gr* salt ynt *%» t Mticag.
separating the Hall from butteries and kitchen wt4^Me#tfiMi§9i)flHttr
*fc*!BW*§».        Objection is taken to this system here owing to
difficulties of service which do not occur in Britain.
Ho details or drawing of Agricultural Building. XX - i'ourth premiated.
The author in this case submits alternative schames
butboth layouts are of a somewhat confused nature.
Hehas however considered the letfels pretty well, but a
good many of the buildings are arranged in small courtyards, often
less than 100 feet across, which is not a type of planning well
suited to this open site.
The work is suggested to be erected in red brick, which
seems wasting an opportunity in an essentially stone country.
Here and there are some pleasant pieces of design in a
quiet Tudor Domestic manner, but allied to others that are ppor
and tame, and. notably so in the scheme for the Chapel.
Both Power House and Agricultural Buildings are inadequate,
and. the planning of other parts of a somewhat elementary nature. X
J^Jtrfi*   ^
#1       /rW^ /t>*^^> <&**"**   Si^—jZ^J*^**
The author of this scheme has produced some very elaborate
drawings, and covered a large area of paper.
He has however paid no attention to the boundaries of the site
and has freely spread his buildings far beyond the restricted
area.   The levels have been ignored.
As the conditions have not been complied with, and the necessary
college requirements ignored, we have felt compelled to set this
scheme aside, apart from any intrinsic merit it may posess.
'  This is submitted Utimin report. The planning is.confused and
illogical and it is difficult to follow the aesigl» intenj***^ v
*o
He seems to have drawn an ellipse with its main axis along the
axis of the site, and to have jammed his buildings inside and
outside this ellipse as best he could.   The result is a somewhat
zig-zag medley.      The style is antJfefH example of American
Gothic and is not satisfactory as a type of work of this kind.
As in so many of the$£- buildings lighting of interiors has not
been well considered. In the Agricultural college ttw <W*4k <?»*»«&*
directly into a perfectly dark central hall .
#3
No report is submitted with this design which is not fully worked
out. The site is treated as a flat one and could not be
feffyj^udtZtf'     as shown without a vast moving of earth.
A few sketobAdrawings of an American type only are submitted
in additionpfco a site plan and a bird's eye view.
J6r-
*l
^^^     —    ~ -***•   * " /?" #4
This scheme is different from any other submitted. The main
axis is well observed, but all the buildings are laid out diagonally to It and culminate in a large tower which is set diagonally
across a double-winged chapel.
Like so many of the competitors the success of the scheme depends
upon the sitw being level. V"H**-k f g-^UvLijr*   i*~  ?*»=> tU^ /ZA~i~jr^
The architecture is an attempt at Tudor but is mere student's
work and could not be considered for erection in a building of
the importance of the one under consideration.   The detailed
schemes of planning are very unsatisfactory.     The suggested
piece of sculpture in the medical court suggests a note of
inability to,deal with a scheme of this importance.
#5
This is a signed scheme by an engineer and could not be considered
even if worthy, which it is not.
#6
This is a case where the dfathor has blocked all the vistas, but
has otherwise laid down on plan a possible scsdma scheme of a
second-rate order.  The type of architecture is however poor
iLeavtWI Hk  uninteresting and shows neither scholarship refinement
not" quality.
#7
This is an immature set of plans.  The whole scheme is unworthy
and impossible.
This is a set of drawings undeserving of consideration. #9
This set of plans is submitted on three sheets only, and the althor
admits that in point of number they do not fulfill the conditions.
The Northern axis is adopted and the scheme is laid out somewhat
skilfully around the main vistas and an inner boulevarde forming a
symmetrical pear-shaped flgftre,       But the women's clup has
been ignored, as also the botanical gardens.  The playingfield is
given the most prominent position in the site, the scheme israin fact
a mere preliminary study.     The architecture is of the collegiate
Tudor type, and as suflh is among the quietest and more reserved
submitted, but fails in some important points of scholarship.  The
dormitories are planned so that two men occupy each sitting-room,
which is not a good arrangement.    It did not seem that this prize
could be awarded to an architect who had done so little to fulfill
the conditions, even though^ what is done has merits of its own.
#10
This appears to be an architecturoul joke on the part of some hot-
water fitter or plumber.
#12
This is a pseudo Gothic scheme of an essentially American yype.
In his general drawings the author introduces some indefinite detail
which might or might not be interesting, but when this is carefully
set down on paper it is found to be of a\*fto|iMaM«MM order* fMfee
unworthy the occasion.  The buildings are moreover much cramped
upon the layout scheme with numerous small courts or narrow lanes
between them.       The detail of the windows .anoLjother features
is very poor and belongs more to a sea-side villa.than a monumental
building, and this is set against massive towers and turretted gateways etc.  The architecture(in brick) would seem to have been studied
from the work of  i^w^. or Wilkins or Wyatt, or other of the
Gothie pioneers of the early part of the 19th century,(whose work} #12(eontd) 7*61 a^C£r/>^
whose work is now universally *»6q»&#»&.
planning of the individual lecture rooms is quite inexplicable.
whose work is now universally *>«i»*fr»d.   The curious and wasteful
#13
^Xc- <ri£  jh*J*
#14
This scheme has a mixture of Roman, Renaissance and Gothic buildings
and is generally impossible.    A narrow processional road only
100 feet wide on such   a site would be wasting a great opportunity.
A dignified whole, and not a sample of architectural styles is
wanted.
#15
The author of this design has been to an amazing amount of trouble
which deserved better results.  He submits about thirty sheets of
drawings, two birds' eye views, besides other perspectives of a
scheme, whftfch it would be impossible to recommend.
The buildings are set upon the ground in an irregular and confised
manner which seems to be founded upon no logical basis.  The vistas
are blocked by lofty buildings in glaring red brick of the general
character called Elizabethan or Jacobean, but a versions, of it
which is found in many lunatic asylums, poor-houses or railway-
stations ereoted fifty or sixty years ago.    It is wholly devoid
of the real genius of the Elizabethan style in England, which is
capable of so many beattiful effects and has so many qualitits.
On these grounds it seems hardly possible to consider this soheme
even for one of the prizes. /3
This is one of the two sets of plans in the Scottish Baronial
style, and although it shows a better appreciation of architectural
designs than some others submitted, its character is somewhat
fussy and somewhat bizarre.    The author seems to be obsessed by
the use of ciroular forms in planning which are difficult as regards
seating and are acoustically bad, 4fhile ha has also adopted
systems of long corridors which would be dark and unsatisfactory.
The agricultural building is planned without any lecture hall,
which should be one of its essential features.  The ppints of the
plan are lost by some executive planning in the central group
and the whole site out up by wandering and badly devised paths and
walks.  No area is reserved for athletics.
The planning of the Administrative Offices is confused
and nere   as elsewhere are unlighted central corridors.  There
are unlighted staircases leading to the upper floor.  The     '\
Clerks offices and Information Bureau are not well schemed.
In going care-fully info the plans for the blocks now to be
erected we found so many points in which they are impracticable
that we feel it unnecessary to discuss them in elaborate detail.
id 1.
XVII
ThiB is a somewhat grandiose scheme,  The author
has gone to quite unneaessary trouble and expense to provide
a sumptuously produced set of drawings set forth in such a
manner as to attract attention as pretty pictures if on
no other ground.
In a competition when no rule has been laid down
as to the form of drawings to be submitted, it is all the
more important to be guarded against being led away by quite
unnecessarily elaborate or meretricious drawings. It is
fine planning and fine architecture that is wanted as a
permanency not only sumptious drawings which are merely
ephemeral.  The scheme in the oonorete of building material
end not on the abstract of paper is what has to be dealt with.
It breaks down in many places owing to the intricacies of its
planning end is in some case misleading. In faot the scheme
abounds in pitfalls which would make it unworkable and is so
devised that it allows hardly any margin of revision to bring
it within workable limits.
Outlooks and vistas are ignored entirely and the site
treated as a level one in whioh these did not exist.  The
scheme is on an elaborate and costly scale.
We have as special ornaments two important domes,
(2) two major axial towers, (3)flve lesser towers, (4) six
smaller domed turrets.
All these are grouped fairly closely together and yet
in one of the most important spots there rises among them an
iron smoke stack from the engineering shops.
This is the more remarkable because the smokestack
from the Power House whioh is not far away is masked by one
of the lesser towers enumerated above. XVII.
£.
The general scheme is a system of five courts arranged
aoross the main axis one of them, the great oourt, being about
600 feet square, but another bareLlOO.
There are other minor oourts off the great oourt,
while most of the buildings are planned ar und small internal
oourtB diminishing in some oases to mere areas.
In a great open site of this nature such planning is
inappropriate. Moreover, some of the important schools are
planned to a centre round a fairly sharp ourve. This is a
form of planning often very awkward in the buildings themselves.
The author schemes a great water approach to the College
upon land whioh is alienated property and upon whioh a new villa
is now being erected.
In regard to style, it is definitely laid down in the
Instructions that it is not desired to ereot palaoes. A
suggestion is made that a free rendering of late Tudor or
Eli«abethan or a species of Soott Baronial would be appropriate
and a distinct preference is expressed although it is not made
binding.
The Theologioal square is especially asked for in the
same manner, but with eoolesiastioal feeling.
The style adopted by this competitor is frankly olassio
of a palatial order. He claims to have suggested the atmosphere of the older Universities of England, but has, of oourse,
done something entirely foreign.
As a matter of composition the grouping is
more effeotive when the buildings are seen at a distance. When
we come to examln&§  them more olosely various faults of eye
and scholarship come to light.
The centrfitower of the administrative building is muoh
too thin for its position in the whole group. It suffioes for
the central feature for the oentral building when we see this
drawn alone without its surroundings.   The detail of the upper 3.
XVII.
part of this tower fails in several particulars and it may be
noted that the whole construction is a false one and would be
expensive and difficult to oarry out.
The side .   flanking the main end facade^ of the Halls
are ungainly and unfortunate and it must be noted that a row of
very important windows needful to the upper storey of the
administrative building are entirely omitted upon the views
for the sake of architectural effeot.
The facades of the Liberal Arts, Engineering, Chemistry
and Physios blooks have an elaborate central feature with
coupled/**»/te*<(i^oolumn8 whioh have a height about 14 times their
diameter.
The domical turrets whioh surmount these and other features
are poor in design and remind one somewhat of these much abused
similar features upon the National Gallery in London which are,
however, better in design than these. A similar turret flanked
at its base by 8 vases surmounts the Agricultural College, whioh
is a somewhat tame pieoe of design although ornamented by a
oleverly drawn frieze.
We have here a very unsatisfactory experiment adopyed by
some of the commercial buildings in the United Statei  - an
attaohed order of oolumns with a bronze wall behind it s pieroed
for windows.  The effeot is far from happy.
The Chapel has a oolonade entrance surmounted by atower
whioh is poor in design and very awkward where the square be-
oomes octagon.
The domed Library and Museum are the most imposing feature!
of the soheme. They occupy, however, SgHjjft* ground area instead
A
of the maximum MlHimtm asked for.
There is a crudity of design in the console buttresses
to the dome whioh are adapted from those of Pelladio at the
Delia Salute at Venioe - which are a unity in the design. 4.
XVII.
Here however, they oooupy a merely casual position -
unreoognized on the ootagon from whioh the dome rises.
While again this feature has no position or relation in regard
to the internal planning.
There is often a heaviness and coarseness of detail
A    a.
in the scheme suggestive of 1M*> study of Vanburgh, Aroher,
or Smith.
Touohing upon the buildings outside those now to be
ereoted, the administrative building occupies the prominent
position in the Northern approaoh and is flanked by the large
and small halls of the Paoulty Club, the latter and the small
hall occupying the same  space and matching the large hall.
The small hall and ffaoulty Club roof is however broken
SUM^mwML *a»ae aMf itllMflMlt^ln whioh nestles an Italian garden
i        «
^1r K%$. the buildings around it being over 90 feet high.
The breaking of this roof and the piercing of the walls
accompanying it are carefully omitted in the bird's eye and
perspective views. +~>UX<^lZr   »«r»^    f*-e*^ ^tkrpG*-.
The planning of the Halls and Administration blocks
Is    In many ways thoughtful, but confused and intricate and
little regard has been had to the importance of lighting in
a district whioh needs so muoh in winter.
The orush hall planned at the entrance to each of the
main halls is «l*mnn«i VfoWtoHjtmei    <*-*-   *^Ck~ex    '
The monumental staircases in various parts of the
building have ftMMtflt* treads and steep even in suoh import
ant positions as the great •*«/^*c<  entranoe^to the Museum and
Library.   . 31*^   t-  <^<$*r^    f-^/C***-**  £   yf*^U~,
The planning of the Administrative Offioes is confused,
and hejre and elsewhere are ahlighted central corridors.    There
*
are flighted staircases leading to the upper floor, The
clerk's offioes and information bureau are not well schemed. 5.
XVII.
In going carefully into the plans for the blocks now to
be erected we found so many points in whioh they are impracticable that we felt it unnecessary to discuss them in elaborate
detail. For instanoe, in the planning of the Dormitories
the kitohen appears to have been wholly overlooked.
The plans are set round large dark halls on every floor
in some of the blooks and long oorridors some lighted by
areas and some without
No block is sohemed for 100 to 150 as asked but for 90
and 180, and it is therefore difficult to compare the oubioal
contents for oost.
There is confusion of planning in the plaoing of servants'
and masters' quarters.  The best portion of the frontage
on the ground floor is oooupied by W. Cs and bathrooms whioh
last are large rooms containing twelve baths side by side
without privacy or subdivision.
In other respects the planning is dark and confused and
impossible. In the power house <jH|fct the flue is entirely
t
omitted, although shewn upon the perspeoive view. The area
allowed is fMMP insufficient to meet the demands.
3he whole of the four buildings now proposed to be ereoted
worked out at a total of $2,692,556.00 nearly 1,200000 more
than the sum appropriated.
It appears, therefore, that the practical issues such as
appropriate planning and oost of erection have been sacrificed
to grandiose and pictorial effects. .„-. THEGOVEBNMENTOF
THE PBOVINCEOFBWnSH COLUMBIA
(^"/ftXc*^**^* ■%   J4ftr***^>-3  **^ raSiSLAT.vE Assembly,
^Y1      &'>-*-**'*' Victoria,
\ /<>-r<?   sx^S~^>'^t*~~ /S^e^.      ts^~*
/*> AnOe^^ ftes^r   ^ut^.     (**~ -
<0
Q>    2-
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^

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