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The Ubyssey Aug 29, 2017

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Ono to apologize
for Residential
School System
The temptation of
$1,400 Supreme
Pizza: To eat or not
to eat-that is the
The sun actually
did go dark, you're
not crazy
Men's soccer
kicks their way to
the top
Love the Aquarium, but hate the kids? Come to this adults-
only event that's going to be a great time.
t's UBC'S first ever drag show featuring some of Vancouver's very
own talent. Hosted by AMS Events.
Head to house number 7 to get your party on. School's not starting
yet so you still have time to turn it up!
Emilie Kneifel
Want to see your events listed here?
Email your event listings to
'JJthe ubyssey
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The UPyssey is the officii
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Ubyssey Publications Society
:ally a
i student orgar
Patrick Gillir.
Vlilne, Sebastiar
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ill studer
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/ssey Publications
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sh Columbia. All editorial content appearing in The Ubyssey
s the property of The Ubyssey
Publications Society. Stor'
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oe reproduced without the
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Our Campus: Vice-President Research
and Innovation Dr. Gail Murphy is
reworking the code of UBC research
The flexibility that initially drew Dr. Gail Murphy to computer science is also reflected in her new
role as Vice-President Research and Innovation.
Moira Wyton
Features Editor
When Dr. Gail Murphy decided
to major in computer science, she
made a choice not to choose.
"I actually ended up choosing
computer science as a major to
begin with because it had the
most flexibility," said Murphy.
"It's almost like you never have
to choose what you want to do [in
computer science] because you
can learn about different things."
A former professor of
computer science at UBC with
over 15 years of experience
developing software in the private
sector, Murphy was appointed to
serve as UBC's Vice-President,
Research and Innovation (VPRI)
in June. After one year as
associate vice-president research
pro tem advancing projects
including UBC's partnership
with Microsoft and the Research
Excellence Cluster initiative,
Murphy is looking ahead to shape
her new office into a central
resource hub for researchers and
innovators at UBC — a task not
unlike her own research interests.
"My [research] group works
with a lot of techniques to find
the right information at the
right time so people can work
effectively and productively,"
said Murphy of the research
group that gave rise to Tasktop
Technologies, a software
integration company which she
"Really, [the VPRI office is]
trying to enable the extremely
strong research community
we have to understand what
connections they can form and
make it possible for them to meet.
"And so in that sense, that it's
a complex information structure,
it's really similar."
The flexibility that initially
drew her to computer science
is also reflected in her new role.
When research blurs the lines
between fields and new disciplines
emerge, the challenge is supporting
the projects without forcing them
to fit the traditional research mould.
"A new field that's been
emerging now for a number of
years is digital humanities — how
are they really changing the
discourse in academic fields, in
how even scholars are talking
about things together?" said
Murphy, noting that UBC has
a strong presence in the field
compared to other universities
in Canada. "[Our work is] not so
much maintaining a structure that
you're going to put in, but finding
new connections that emerge."
As the VPRI office grapples
with how to organize, connect
and support rapidly evolving and
emerging research fields, Murphy
draws from her own "Eureka!"
moments. One, which took place
during a research project on
information visualization with
her colleague, Dr. Mik Kersten,
eventually led to the pair
founding Tasktop together.
"We both looked at [the
project] and said nobody is going
to use this, but if we took it and
folded it in to how the interfaces
worked, that feels right," said
Murphy of the moment that
would lead to Kersten's PhD
dissertation topic and over 10
years of a successful company.
"It's that one moment where you
feel like you could really change
the world."
While Murphy agrees that
when most people think research
they think of STEM disciplines,
she noted that the knowledge
gained through study of social
sciences, humanities and fine
arts is essential to driving the
transformation of inspiration into
impact in any discipline.
"It requires a lot of creativity
and that comes because we
have people looking at how
individuals work together, or
how religions evolve [and even]
how performances can be used to
help people grapple with really
difficult situations," said Murphy.
"What's really exciting is when
we start to see the confluence of
different research areas where
an advance in one field is making
an advance in another field much
more possible."
Even as Murphy foresees
a continuing need to engage
government and community
groups with research alongside
Vice-President External Dr.
Philip Steenkamp, she sees the
changing nature of issues in the
public eye as more impactful to
the research-policy relationship
than the recent change in
government on its own.
"The problems that are facing
our globe are more noticeable [and]
people are talking about them
more in the community," she said,
listing healthcare innovation and
climate change as increasing areas
of public concern that are intensely
"What happens at the
university is affecting our
society in more of a visible way,
so ... we have to keep up with
what is being expected of us as
a community within not only
Vancouver, but a community
within the Okanagan and then BC
and the the world."
As Murphy begins to work
with senior administration to
form a strategic plan, she sees
her experience in the private
sector as informative to her
understanding of the kinds of
outcomes partners and investors
want to see from research at
UBC — and building connections
between researchers and partners
is where it all begins.
"It's a place where UBC is
often at the forefront because
we have built up an organization
that has valued people working
together," said Murphy.
At its core, Murphy hopes
that UBC research continues to
"inform and change society."
"If we didn't have a music
department that can provide
us with background and learn
how rhythm works and how that
connects to neuroscience and
why it makes people people, it
wouldn't be a very fun place to
be," she said. 'M NEWS
President Santa Ono to apologize for UBC's role
in the Indian Residential School System
Alex Nguyen & Moira Wyton
News & Features Editors
On September 28, UBC President
Santa Ono is going to issue an
apology for "the university's
involvement in the history of
the Indian Residential School
system," according to documents
obtained by The Ubyssey from an
unknown source. Leslie Dickson,
associate director of UBC Public
Affairs, has confirmed this plan
on behalf of UBC.
As stated in the documents,
the goal of the apology will
be to "acknowledge UBC's
responsibilities and strengthened
commitment to collaborative
relations with Indigenous people
in BC and Canada."
The Indian Residential School
System was a state-sponsored
effort to assimilate and "civilize"
Indigenous peoples in Canada
between the 1880s and 1996.
While the system was in effect,
Indigenous children were forcibly
removed from their families and
communities in order to attend
these schools, where they were
forbidden from speaking their
languages and often experienced
physical, sexual and psychological
The apology is also connected
to the opening of the Indian
Residential Schools History and
Dialogue Centre at UBC in Spring
2018 and will elaborate upon
"what UBC is doing to extend and
strengthen efforts for Indigenous
students, and [will] improve
education about Indigenous
issues and collaborative
research benefitting Indigenous
Recently, UBC has made other
efforts towards reconciliation,
such as the raising of the
Reconciliation Pole, which is
meant to "commemorate" the
victims and survivors of the
Indian Residential School System.
"It is also an opportunity
to celebrate the ongoing
relationship between Indigenous
and non-Indigenous peoples,"
continue the documents.
On the day of the address,
Ono will deliver his statement
at 10 a.m. to an invited audience
— including members of UBC
Senate, Board of Governors,
Faculty Association, Emeriti
Faculty Association, deans and
department heads from both UBC
campuses, Indigenous faculty and
the University Librarian.
It is currently unclear if
this list is conclusive as the
documents leave questions about
the exact details of other guests.
Other aspects of the event are
also yet to be finalized.
For public viewing, the
apology will be webcasted live
and archived for later access. A
Facebook Live broadcast will also
be hosted by Ono on September
29 at 11 a.m. to allow for a public
discussion of the address.
Instructors teaching at that
time are being asked to stop
teaching between 10 and 11
a.m. on the day of the speech
in order to "watch the address
as it unfolds and, if [they] wish,
discuss it afterwards."
"We are currently consulting
with Indigenous and other
groups on the substance of this
apology and will share more
details in the coming weeks
once details are finalized," said
Dickson. fH
The Reconciliation Pole commemorates victims and survivors of the Indian Residential
School System. Each copper nail used in its construction represents a death in the
Intensive Chinese language courses for non-heritage
students cancelled without consultation
The instructors were not consulted or directly informed about the discontinuation of the classes.
Sarah Neubauer
Starting this September, intensive
Chinese language courses for non-
heritage students — those with
no previous Chinese exposure or
knowledge of Cantonese — will no
longer be offered. The cancelled
courses include CHIN 134, CHIN
234, CHIN 334 and CHIN 338.
More importantly, according
to instructor Xia Wei's email to
her students, the instructors were
not consulted or directly informed
about the discontinuation of the
In April 2017, instructors
Xia Wei and Joan Yang received
contract termination notices
from Dr. Ross King, the head of
the department of Asian studies,
which stated that their contracts
would not be renewed after
August 2017.
Shortly after, the two
instructors found out — through
students and other colleagues
instead of a formal announcement
— that the classes they had been
teaching for over the past 15 years
were being cancelled.
"So far no reason has been
provided for our job termination,"
Wei wrote in an emailed response,
"and no one in the department has
explained to us why the intensive
courses are to be cancelled."
Based on testimonies from
past students, the reason does
not seem to revolve around the
courses' content. Furthermore,
according to the website Rate My
Professors, both Yang and Wei's
scores for their overall teaching
quality hover around 4.5 out of 5.
"I've been in university in one
form or another for about eight
years [and] these courses were
easily the best courses I took
across my entire academic career,"
said John Bagnas, an arts student
who took Yang's class in the 2015
winter session.
Their intensity was also
expected and viewed as an asset
by students.
"It's two hours, four days
a week. Of course it's going to
be straining and difficult," said
Jordan Lee, an arts student who
took Wei's classes in the 2016
winter session. "But the reward
in the end is when you are able
to understand the lectures
exclusively in Mandarin and
have reached a comfortable
conversational level, it's definitely
100 per cent worth it."
The only problem that
the instructors could recall
with these courses occurred
during Fall 2016. There was
a new curriculum change in
the program, where students
could take exams and quizzes
through their personal computer.
Learning the Chinese character's
stroke order was therefore no
longer needed.
Yang and Wei, among other
instructors, did not agree with
this change.
"To avoid being further
disciplined, we were forced to
implement the new curriculum
which we think will impact the
student's learning outcomes
and damage the integrity of our
Chinese program." Wei wrote in
an emailed response.
They continued to follow
the curriculum closely, while a
grievance case regarding a breach
of their academic freedom went
to the Faculty Association.
In solidarity with their
instructors, past students have
written emails to the Acting
Head of Department Dr. Joshua
Mostow — as well as other
relevant UBC officials, such
as the Provost — requesting
a reconsideration to the
cancellation of these courses.
These letters have also
brought attention to the values
that will be lost to non-heritage
students, such as the ability for
non-Mandarin speakers to use
the vast resources offered by the
Asian Library. Without these
courses, the resources available
become limited.
In an emailed response to one
alumni — Glynnis Kirchmeier,
a graduate history student —
Mostow wrote that "factors
such as enrolment numbers,
equity issues across courses in
the program, and balance with
other language programs in the
department all played a role in
the decision."
Kirchmeier disagreed with this
reasoning, especially regarding
the issue of equity.
"I knew some historians of
China who already spoke Chinese
who had connections to the
languages program," she said.
"They said that there was an
imbalance, that it was too heavily
weighted to the heritage speakers
and there needed to be more
resources allocated to beginners
in general."
The issue of balance could also
be questioned when the intensive
courses only had one section per
term available to a maximum
capacity of 25 students.
The department declined to
be interviewed for this article in
favour of issuing a brief statement
by Mostow.
"The Department of Asian
Studies is one of the strongest
programs of its kind in North
America. Like all departments
at UBC, Asian Studies assesses
curriculum annually to enhance
the student learning experience,
respond to enrolment pressures
and effectively allocate teaching
resources. The decision to cancel
the courses reflected chronic
under-enrolment in those NEWS   |   TUESDAY AUGUST 29, 2017
Student's anti-social justice memo prompts
back-and-forth among UBC community
Alex Nguyen & Jack Hauen
News & Coordinating Editors
UBC faculty and students took to
Twitter last Thursday to announce
their displeasure at a memo
slipped under their doors that
prescribed right-wing readings
and encouraged them to report
"truth or social justice type" issues
directly to President Santa Ono.
This letter campaign was
preceded by another in July 2017,
which used a different memo. That
campaign was smaller in scope, as
it was only meant for departments
that the letter writer — 29-year-
old fourth-year philosophy major
Franz Kurtzke — viewed as "most
While philosophy is identified
as one of them based on one
recipient of the July memo, it is
unclear which other departments
are included.
Poetry Professor Dr. Stephen
Guy-Bray, who initially tweeted
about the August letter, told The
Ubyssey he was concerned that
Kurtzke set up what he sees as a
false battle between social justice
and truth.
"The problem with that is
that social justice is associated
with the left wing, and the
alternative then is not right wing
or conservative, but truth. So this
is an attempt to dictate the terms
of a debate by starting out by
presenting the right wing way as
'truth' rather than as a political
position," Guy-Bray said.
"They say the worst are full of
passionate intensity. Oh my god,
I'm quoting Yeats, oh Jesus."
Guy-Bray said he wasn't too
worried as the letter came from a
single person, not a group, and it
doesn't seem like many are taking
him seriously.
"Someone on Twitter today
said he's actually considered too
weird even by the right-wing
club here on campus," he said,
referring to the UBC Free Speech
That is true.
While the club considers
itself apolitical, most of the
members lean right. However,
when Kurtzke approached their
Facebook group looking for help
with a letter writing campaign,
he was roundly mocked for
his rapid commenting style —
dubbed "Franzposting" — in
which he called members "ferals"
and said he wanted to "confuse
the shit out of the radfems and
sjws" with "some kamikaze shit."
An executive posted a
note distancing the club from
Kurtzke shortly after he left the
group, noting his "incoherent
and threatening" messages
and alleged harassment of club
Kurtzke holds an equally low
opinion of the club.
"The execs, in addition to
being useless, frankly, they have
massive fucking egos," he told
The Ubyssey. "They have no idea
what the fuck they're doing."
Kurtzke said his inspiration
for the campaign was his
experience pitching an article
to this paper about rape
• Heterodox Academy; "Why Universities Must Choose One Telos: Truth or Social
Justice" by Dr. Jonathan Haidt <NVU)
• VouTube: "Safe Spaces - Sam Harris and Jonathan Haidt on the Disturbing Trend of
Vindictive Protectiveness"
• VouTube: -Where Do SJWs Come Fromr with Dr, Jordan Peterson (University of
Toronto) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x_fBYR0A7Hk
• VouTube; "Professor Jordan Peterson Swarmed by Narcissistic SJW ideologues after
UofT Rally"
• Heterodox Academy: The Google Memo: What Does the Research Say About Gender
https://heterodoHcademy.org/2017/08/10/the Koogle-memo-what-do,- il,(- nfuril.
Part of the letter written and distributed across campus by fourth-year philosophy student Franz Kurtzke.
culture, during which he said
he was "bullied" by female staff
"I was treated so incredibly
rudely that it led me on a totally
different life path," he said.
That path led Kurtzke to social
psychologist Jonathan Haidt, who
argues that universities have to
choose between a commitment
to truth or social justice. Kurtzke
said he spent months researching
social justice and came to the
conclusion that universities were
in the middle of a "philosophy war"
— demonstrated by free speech
issues like those involving Jordan
Peterson and the University of
California Berkeley — and should
adopt the Chicago Principles, a
commitment to free speech made
by the University of Chicago,
Purdue and Princeton.
Kurtzke refused to expand on
how that war was playing out at
UBC, aside from mentioning the
incident at The Ubyssey multiple
times. He also said many professors
at UBC supported him, but refused
to name any of them.
Once the principles are passed,
he said, "the situation will resolve
itself organically to a great degree."
Kurtzke also stressed that he
was not against social justice as
a concept — just in its current
form. He believes old ideas about
oppression haven't caught up to the
new reality that men and women
are equal.
"The women have been cheer-
led the entire way by their mothers
and grandmothers. And so there's
actually some inequality there," he
He pointed readers toward
the Heterodox Academy (HA),
which asks professors to support
"viewpoint diversity" in a bid to
correct what they see as a leftward
slant to most classrooms.
Nine UBC professors currently
hold membership.
"I joined the day after Trump
was elected president," said
psychology Professor Dr. Steven
Heine, who identifies as a liberal.
"I realized then that I don't
understand people anymore, and
as a psychologist who studies
issues such as where people's
attitude come from, it feels like
we very much become part of a
bubble all throughout society, and
in academia too, where we are
surrounded largely by people who
share our own values," he said.
Political science Professor
Dr. Paul Quirk's motivations for
joining are more closely aligned
to the concerns outlined by HA.
His views that the moderate and
conservative students could be
held back in a predominantly left-
leaning academic environment or
that research would suffer if only
a liberal frame of interpretation is
For a broad response to these
concerns, HA currently suggests
mainly symbolic acts, such as
adopting the Chicago Principles or
sharing writing on the topic.
When asked for tangible
solutions, both Heine and Quirk
admitted that "there are no easy
fixes" beyond being mindful about
biases against different political
'You could imagine that
someone might say academic
department should have a search
for a new faculty member and
specify that the search will be for
a conservative, but [HA] definitely
does not endorse that strategy,"
said Quirk. He later mentioned
that HA does suggest having
political diversity be treated as a
form of diversity to be promoted
by universities, but its website does
not explicitly mention affirmative
action for conservative academics
or any other tangible actions.
Regarding the more specific
issue of protests, they offered a
much clearer stance — restricting
unpopular opinions is not only
against freedom of speech, it
also makes it harder to defeat
them. Instead, they suggest that
opponents of these ideas hold
counter-protests or arrange talks
that would critique these views
and offer alternatives.
"It helps us to confront these
ideas. They exist in the real world.
If we keep unpopular opinions
from being discussed at university,
it isn't preparing students for when
they graduate and enter the real
world and find that these ideas
are far more common than they
should be," said Heine.
They also distanced themselves
from Kurtzke.
"Franz Kurtzke has no
association with Heterodox
Academy," wrote Quirk in a follow-
up email. "We were completely
unaware of his plans to distribute
his message until someone saw
some of the Twitter messages
about it."
The letter has been reported to
Ono, according to Guy-Bray. He
said he doesn't want to silence the
student, but he hopes that Ono
will reaffirm professors' rights to
academic freedom.
On August 21, Dean of the
faculty of arts Dr. Gage Averill
issued an official statement on the
While Averill acknowledged
that Kurtzke's campaign qualifies
as free expression, its call for
reporting "truth or social justice
type" issues directly to the
administration is not because it
"could be interpreted as an effort
to stifle the expression of ideas."
He also reaffirmed the
university's commitment to
academic freedom, and stated that
Ono and Senior Advisor to the
Provosts on Academic Freedom Dr.
Neil Guppy — the two individuals
who Kurtzke recommended the
issues be reported to — "will not
be party to any campaigns to
thwart free and open dialogue on
Students, staff and faculty are
also recommended to contact
campus security and the RCMP if
they experience threats that stem
from rising "social divisiveness."
This statement then received
criticism from philosophy
Professor Dr. Paul Russell, who
wrote in a letter that it is "unclear
and evasive on some key issues."
In particular, he argued that given
the campaign's promotion of free
speech via the Chicago Principles,
Kurtzke's call for reporting "truth
or social justice type" issues to
the administration should only
be viewed as a call to report free
speech violations — the opposite of
restricting speech.
"From any reasonable
perspective, if there is any
"intimidation" going on here,
it is by senior faculty who are
trying to silence and suppress
undergraduate students who
have (legitimate and reasonable)
concerns about free speech issues
at UBC," Russell wrote.
His full letter can be accessed
Overall, despite the initial
pushback, Kurtzke believes that he
is on the right path.
"I know what's going on, and I
think I see a path to resolving the
campus culture wars," he said. "I
think I pretty much nailed it."
Kurtzke did not immediately
respond to an interview request
regarding the statements from
UBC and the professors who
are members of the Heterodox
Academy. This article will be
updated online as his comment
becomes available. 'M
Break the news that
matters to campus.
ubyssey.ca/volunteer/ CULTURE
Supreme pop-up shop made my inner communist weep
Jack Lamming
My name is Jack and I'm a
hypebeast. When I'm walking
down the street and see a guy in
a pair of Yeezys or Balenciaga
sneakers, my heart skips a beat.
I can't help it. I've spent an
embarrassing amount of money
— the reason I'm eating instant
ramen for dinner tonight — on grey
hoodies and baseball caps with
little "Supreme" logos. I wasn't
always this way — bootcut jeans
and Minecraft t-shirts once had
majority stake in my closet.
Then in 2011, Tyler, The Creator
bounced onto the stage to accept
a Best New Artist VMA wearing a
leopard print Supreme cap. Living
tucked away in Whistler, I didn't
see photos of this until 2013 when
I took to Google and fell in love.
The clothing was loud, in your
face, expensive and didn't give a
shit whether or not you bought it.
And bought it I did, because I was
young, cash rich and still living
with my parents.
Just like Odd Future, Supreme
is appealing because you can find
a community there, conversing
with head nods when you see
that guy in the 2008 Satin
Coaches Jacket. When the
clothes started selling out in a
matter of seconds online, the
hunt became an integral part of
Supreme. Ebay and subreddits
like /r/supremeclothing were the
stomping ground for trawling for
deals on a deadstock Thunderbird
jersey or Schminx jacket.
So what happens when a few
entrepreneurs decide to do all
the hunting for you, and open
up a popup? Heat Vault and
#NOTFORSALE sought to answer
that question last weekend. I
went on the first night, where
tickets were $100. One. Hundred.
Dollars. For the privilege to spend
even more money. But hey, the
ticket came with a sticker and a
beer, right? 150 tickets were sold
that night, with $15 GA (general
admission) tickets released for the
next day — I'll let you do the math.
I waited around the back with
the friends and family - people
lucky enough to know staff - who
had been granted the privilege of
shopping earlier than VIPs.
The second I stepped over the
velvet rope and inside the store,
all my worst hypebeast tendencies
came out. Every t-shirt, every
jacket, every hoodie I'd ever
stared at on the Hypebeast forums
was hanging there on racks — and
they cost racks, too. The cheapest
thing in the store was a red pocket
tee with a fraying neckline: $75.
The prices skyrocketed from
there, the most expensive t-shirt
was a purple Dipset tee (or as
a kid outside called it "The one
with the two rappers") that went
for $1400. Keep in mind that
this t-shirt is 11 years old. Some
couldn't handle these prices. I left
after a few minutes, worried that
I'd slip up and buy a $4,000 North
Face jacket I'd been eyeing. In the
back, people seethed, expecting
retail prices and finding resell.
"I bought a fucking hundred
dollar sticker" said one man
wearing a CdG PLAY t-shirt. I
couldn't take it anymore, so I
popped out the back exit and
looped around to look at the
lineup. Looking down the lineup
it was clear that the event catered
to a largely Asian demographic.
Mixed in with everyone were
a few kids who had scrounged
together what cash they had to
afford a VIP ticket, hoping to pick
up a t-shirt for retail. Or maybe
they were from West Vancouver
and money wasn't an object - who
am I to say?
On the way home I felt
physically ill. Maybe it's the
communist arts student in me,
but that kind of capitalism run
wild made me pray for someone
to finally seize the means of
production. How much could I
have got for the sweaty hat I was
wearing? Friends don't let friends
buy $900 t-shirts. 1
T-shirt prices averaged around $900, but went as high as $1,400,
East Van existed long before the statue did
Kenneth Lum's Monument to East Vancouver at night.
Zak Vescera
East Van is synonymous with
the city's alternative art scene,
the struggle of immigrant
communities and the strength of a
community historically burdened
by poverty. Today, East Van is
cooler than ever, which has also
brought about its most recent
challenge: rampant and shocking
Neighbourhoods like
Grandview-Woodlands, Hastings
Sunrise and the Downtown
Eastside are suddenly attractive
prospects for investors and
real estate developers. As
gentrification continues to push
these neighbourhoods' traditional
residents even farther east - often
beyond city limits - East Van
is fighting back, not just with
protests, but with a renewed
identity. And its flag is the East
Van Cross.
Monument for East Vancouver
was erected by East Van artist
Kenneth Lum and the City of
Vancouver in 2010 ahead of that
year's Olympic games. Lum — an
honorary professor and alumnus of
UBC's Master of Fine Arts program
— intended the piece as a sort
of tribute to the neighbourhood
where he grew up; a place of
solidarity as much as struggle and
of success as much as tragedy.
"The East Van graffiti pieces
appeared in a very provisional
sense, often with chalk or marker
on a very small scale." said Lum.
"It really disappeared by the time
the Monument was erected. But
the funny thing about collective
memory is that once it went up, a
lot of people said 'Hey, I remember
that.' I didn't anticipate the
Lum's piece has become an
icon for everything on the other
side of Ontario Street — even as
the cultural, social and economic
disparities of East Vancouver that
informed the piece are shifting.
Today, you'll find Lum's design
with its iconic block-lettering and
neon-white outline across East
Van. Often, it's a symbol of pride,
but the cross has also become a
powerful part of East Van's brand,
featured on everything from craft
beer to toques. East Van Inc,
a small tattoo parlour just off
Commercial Drive, proclaims itself
"The Home of the East Van Cross";
with merchandise featuring the
cross on t-shirts, hoodies and, if
you want it, tattooed on your skin.
"I have some friends who every
so often send me an email saying
'Oh, here's another riff on your
design.'" Lum laughed.
That a symbol of Vancouver's
working class community should
be used to sell hats might seem
like a bastardization at best, but
Lum is bemused by his design's
"I'm not a policeman,"
he said "Even when it gets
misappropriated for beer or
whatever, I think deep down
there's an edge to the symbol and
its history that will always be
there. That's why it has to remain
kind of open."
The mystique around Lum's
design inspires a whole host of
interpretations, whether those be
a simple sense of pride or even
a deep nostalgia - and perhaps
trauma - of East Van's troubled
"What's interesting about it
is that it functions as a kind of
signifier; almost like cypher in that
you can imbue it with whatever
interpretation you want. It remains
this repository for all the negative
histories as well."
For all, the cross is a symbol
of resistance, a mark of pride
for a neighbourhood that has
traditionally been home to
the city's working class. Many
businesses and residents of "the
wrong side of the tracks" consider
the Cross their own personal
flag; it is easily visible when
walking along the now-abandoned
industrial strip near Clark Avenue
or when riding the Skytrain to
Commercial Broadway station,
as if to tell passengers they are
entering a whole new side of the
"What's buried within the
Cross is the idea of hardship and
harsh history, which is made
not explicit, but it percolates
somewhat restlessly," said Lum.
"It's that kind of restlessness
which I would say is largely below
the surface."
The times have changed, but
East Van still has its hardships.
In Lum's old neighbourhood of
Hastings Sunrise, home real estate
prices have risen 26 per cent each
year since 2010. Formerly a hub
of immigrants often struggling
to make ends meet, a house in
Hastings Sunrise now easily
fetches between $1.5 million and
$3 million, well beyond the reach
of most working-class families.
Lum acknowledged that when
Monument for East Vancouver
was erected in the investment
rush of the Winter Olympics, it
was a symbol for many real estate
agents that East Vancouver, long
the wrong side of the tracks, was
open for business. He noted that
much of the sentiment around the
symbol is a sort of 'cheerleading',
as if East Van has suddenly just
appeared, ready for the bars, coffee
shops and boutiques that are so
easily palatable for the city's upper
"East Van was always great,"
said Lum. "It was always great
because there was great tragedy."
"East Van didn't arrive," he
continued. "It was always there." '3 CULTURE   I   TUESDAY AUGUST 29, 2017
Why do most live-action remakes suck?
Tristan Wheeler
Beauty and the Beast, The
Lion King and Mulan regaled
us with adventure and the
worlds they built. But, now
that the original audience of
the Disney Renaissance has
grown into adulthood, we've
seen a resurgence of these
classic films in live-action big
budget productions with A-list
With the new upstart in this
'genre' of film, there comes the
question of what makes these
movies work? With the amazing
box office success of the recent
Beauty and the Beast adaptation
and the myriad of announced
live-action remakes like Aladdin,
Dumbo and The Little Mermaid,
it may be the time to look and
understand what is happening
when studios shift from drawings
to actors.
Dr. Kim Snowden is a
professor at UBC working in the
Social Justice Institute whose
research includes the subject
of folk and fairy tales and their
interactions with modern film
and television. Film remakes have
been around since the inception
of cinema and always prove to
be a box office draw. In the cases
of The Jungle Book, Alice in
Wonderland and Beauty and the
Beast their gross is an astounding
$966 million, $1 billion and $1.2
billion respectively.
Their success, as Snowden
said, is "because they appeal to a
wider audience ... they appeal to
Dittvey^ Failed Liv^-Ac-Hon fcernaloe of If^lf
kids, but also combine the adult
nostalgia with entertainment as
well as introducing the story to
new audiences."
These films feature all of the
elements that older generations
remember from their childhood,
yet remain fresh and exciting to
younger viewers who haven't
yet heard the joys of "The Bare
Disney is by far the biggest
producer of live-action remakes,
with at least a dozen announced
and several rumoured films
in production. Disney utilizes
the live-action remake as a
"marketing opportunity to appeal
to an audience who doesn't want
to see the same songs and same
story and wants to see complex
characters with agency and
independence," said Snowden.
We've begun to see these
characters and stories in
animated films, Moana and
Frozen being recent examples
which were extremely successful.
Notice of Development Permit Application - DP 17025
Public Open House
Maclnnes Field Parkade
Join us on Wednesday, September 6 to view and comment on the proposed one-level underground
parking facility to be constructed beneath the planned new Maclnnes Field in the University Boulevard
ednesday,September6,2017 11:30AM - 1:30PM
j, Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre, 6163 University Boulevard
Lands    IIIl\\
q    Exchange
>;   Residence
War  Ce
Focal *
IRC  t
Medical Wood.x
3 Sciences ward
^     Library
Building Spp|_|
s.Open Cunningham
House ^—^
This event is wheelchair accessible.
Plans will be displayed for an approximately
6,000 m2 one-level underground parking facility
with access from University Boulevard.
Representatives from the project team and
Campus + Community Planning will be available
to provide information and respond to inquiries
about this project.
For further information:
Please direct questions to Karen Russell,
Manager, Development Services
karen.russell@ubc.ca   604-822-1586
Can't attend in person?
Online feedback will be accepted unti
September 13,2017. To learn more or to
comment on this project, please visit:
This notice contains important information which may affect you. Please ask someone to translate it for you.
itm^Q-tm^inM., TmW&Wokfo.     o| #x|^ g*fc# □!*! ^ 5Ufe fas *jfi7h sen ai^L-i^.
campus+community planning
This new precedent of awareness
affects our re-watching of the
classic films. The hunt for the
handsome prince has become
worn out; audiences — younger
and older — need more than
adherence to gender roles to
engage them in the story. While
this has become an apparent goal
for Disney, they have fallen short.
In the case of the recent live-
action remakes, the studios end
up "using female empowerment
as a marketing tool to make
themselves seem more modern."
This year's Beauty and the Beast
is a prime example of this type of
"The film was marketed as
an updated, feminist version of
the story - in part because of
the casting of Emma Watson,"
said Snowden. "Although they
did make some changes to
very problematic aspects of
their animated version, I feel
that the film missed so many
opportunities to tell a more
interesting story ... Giving a
female character a bit more
agency doesn't make it a feminist
film — all it means is that Disney
knows how to draw on feminist
ideas to market a film."
Not all live-action remakes are
financially successful. The most
recent previously animated box
office failure is Ghost in the Shell.
While not technically a remake
of the 1995 anime film, as it is
an adaption of the same manga,
it's hard to separate it from its
predecessor. Much of the film's
failure was due to the issues of
white-washing the original lead
character with the casting of
Scarlett Johansson. This does not
bode well for some of the films on
the way, such as Aladdin, which
has already had backlash with
the casting of non-Arab actress
Naomi Scott as Princess Jasmine.
"They need to listen to
fans and they also need to
move beyond their own earlier
understandings of these stories
and look at the traditional
versions and variations of these
stories in order to understand
the characters," said Snowden, "I
think they also need to be willing
to sacrifice the idea of the 'big
star' in order to sell the film."
While the upcoming Aladdin
remake blundered in the casting
of Princess Jasmine, there is still
hope for the film — unknown
Egyptian-Canadian actor Mena
Massoud was cast to play the
lead role. But, is this another
marketing ploy by Disney
to have the appearance of
progressiveness? We'll find out
[on] opening night.
"It matters that Disney
pays attention to issues of
representation when it comes
to race, gender, sexuality, age,
ability, religion etc. and that
they don't attempt to simplify by
homogenizing an entire culture
into a cultural stereotype," said
Snowden on the topic. "Audiences
need to keep demanding that
studios do better."
A remake can be a reimagining
and adaption of a story enriched
by new artistic visions and
passion, it can also be a contrived,
trite, cash-in that studios know
thousands will flock to. The
animation to live-action remake
is an the opportunity to see
the wonder of animation made
tangibly magical through the
wizardry of modern CGI.
Ideally, it introduces a story
to new audiences and provides
updated characters and stories
that will excite the nostalgia
crowd. So far, we've seen a few
steps in the right direction, but
there remain issues that need to
be addressed both by audiences
and studios. But that's not to say
these films are reprehensible —
there's a whole lot of joy in those
earworm, Disney songs.
"Ultimately, all issues with
Disney aside, I don't think there's
anything wrong with going to see
these films," said Snowden. "But I
think it's also important to spend
your money elsewhere to get a
varied picture — buy the collected
works of the Brothers Grimm or
the feminist retellings of Angela
So get ready for the whole
new world of live-action remakes
because there are many more to
Letter: Virtuous Pie
is contributing to
the gentrification of
"To stand in solidarity with the low-income residents of Chinatown, I will not be supporting Virtu
ous Pie."
Rachel Lau
Virtuous Pie, a vegan pizza and ice
cream restaurant, has announced
on their website that they will
be opening a new location in
Wesbrook Village in the fall. For
those who regularly roam the
streets of Chinatown, you may
already know of their Chinatown
location. The vegan restaurant
is one of the many new "trendy"
businesses that have opened up
in Chinatown in recent years,
along with the likes of Fortune
Sound Club, Bao Bei and Selector's
While the presence of
businesses like Virtuous Pie
creates a facade of a "new and
improved" Chinatown, in reality,
this is gentrification at work. For
those unfamiliar with the term,
gentrification is the process of
renovating a neighbourhood
to provide housing, goods and
services for residents of a higher
socioeconomic class than the
existing residents of the area. In
the eyes of developers, Chinatown
is more "valuable" (read: suited
for the needs of upper/middle-
class residents) with businesses
like Virtuous Pie. The City of
Vancouver's plan to "revitalize"
Chinatown has only exacerbated
this process.
Rent increases — a key
symptom of gentrification
— cause housing to become
unaffordable and longstanding
businesses to close, decreasing
the amount of shelter, goods
and services available for low-
income residents. Gentrification
in Chinatown has caused rent
increases that eliminate social
housing and affordable amenities
— pushing low-income residents
out of the neighbourhood.
Chinatown residents need
affordable groceries, not $13 vegan
pizzas. If this continues, low-
income residents will be unable
to live in Chinatown. On Virtuous
Pie's website, they claim to be a
"loyal neighbour" who "give[s]
back to the community," but they
are doing quite the opposite.
On their about page, Virtuous
Pie boasts their desire to "create
positive change in the world" by
encouraging a plant-based diet.
This comes at a cost, though. The
joy of filling your belly with vegan
pizza and your heart with moral
satisfaction is accompanied by
the act of displacing low-income
residents from their homes.
To stand in solidarity with
the low-income residents
of Chinatown, I will not be
supporting Virtuous Pie. I urge
you to do the same. Financially
supporting their new on-campus
location will fund their Chinatown
location — fuelling the continued
gentrification of Chinatown. Being
thoughtful about where you spend
your money is not the only way to
stand against gentrification, but
it's a start.
To clarify, I'm not saying
that Virtuous Pie is the sole
contributor to gentrification in
Chinatown. Unfortunately, it is
one of the many factors. Other
contributors to the problem
include — but are not limited to —
"spot zoning", condo development
projects and other gentrifying
Carnegie Community Action
Project, an initiative focused on
"housing, income, and land use
issues in the Downtown Eastside
(DTES) of Vancouver," released
a report this year on gentrifying
retail in Chinatown. In this
report, Virtuous Pie has been
listed as a gentrifying business
and a zone of exclusion for low-
income residents (a "zone of
exclusion" being a business in
the neighbourhood that its local
residents do not feel welcomed
in on the basis of their class,
race, or (dis)ability). If you are
serious about the fight against
gentrification, reading this report
is an excellent starting point.
I understand the appeal of
a vegan pizza restaurant on
campus given that plant-based
options are limited at Mercante's
and Pi R Squared. But there are
still options. May I suggest Pi R
Squared's Vegan Deluxe pizza
or Mercante's Margherita pizza?
We can still enjoy a hot slice of
pizza pie without supporting the
displacement of marginalized
If you ever want to chat about
gentrification over some pizza, I'll
be at Mercante. 'JJ
Rachel Lau is a third year media
studies student pursuing a minor
in Asian Canadian and Asian
Migration studies.
Letter in Response:
Yes, vegan pizza
sucks, but Mercante
isn't any better
What we buy matters.
Emily Truong Cheung
Rachel Lau's insightful letter sparks
a needed conversation. They believe
that in order to stand in solidarity
with the low-income residents of
Chinatown, people should not be
supporting Virtuous Pie — the vegan
restaurant that represents, on so
many levels, white privilege. They
recommend that UBC students
avoid financially supporting their
new on-campus location, which will
fuel the continued gentrification of
Chinatown. I agree with Lau, we
need to be thoughtful about where
we spend our money.
They conclude in their piece,
"if you ever want to chat about
gentrification over some pizza,
I'll be at Mercante." My question
is: can we truly enjoy a slice of
pizza without supporting the
unfair treatment of marginalized
communities? Ultimately, I argue
no. In fact, we are all involved in
supporting unethical businesses
— regardless of the ethical brand
high-end vegan restaurants may
advertises themselves to be. Lau
made that point clearly — Virtuous
Pie does not support animal cruelty,
but Lau saw the problem that
Virtuous Pie continues to participate
in unethical endeavours.
There is an issue. Poor Chinese
seniors are being pushed out of
their homes because rich white
people decided to push their
privilege onto their communities.
That's messed up on so many
levels. I am not disagreeing with
Lau regarding the boycotting of
high-end restaurants in low-income
communities — it's crucial that we
are aware of intersectionalities of
our consuming behaviours with
inequalities. I admire Lau's boldly
written piece and I'm excited that
this conversation has started.
What we buy matters.
I want to analyze Lau's
comment instead: what are
some consequences of heading
to restaurants such as Mercante
instead of support Virtuous? Let's
make it clear, I'm not disagreeing
with them. Instead, I would like to
add to the conversation considering
this area involves "ethical"
What we buy has consequences.
For instance, my money went
towards this Apple computer,
which contributed to the inhumane
treatment of workers in China.
Buying a cheese and pepperoni
pizza contributes to the inhumane
treatment of both marginalized
workers and animals. Food that
we're used to having, such as a slice
of pepperoni and cheese pizza,
has consequences. Something that
we don't take the time to think
about is how Mercante contributes
to the cruelty of marginalized
communities such as black and
brown individuals. Many workers
in slaughter factories are working
in traumatic environments, one that
my grandmother was structurally
coerced to partake in. Slaughtering
animals is traumatic, and the
industry is racist.
Finally, when we head to
Mercante, we passively allow our
government to continue subsidizing
animal agriculture. What might a
simple slice of cheese and pizza
contribute to? Let's list some:
Climate change. Ocean dead
zones. Fisheries depletion. Species
extinction. Deforestation. World
hunger. Food safety. Heart disease.
Obesity. Diabetes. So a simple slice
of pizza and our reliance on animal
products should be questioned.
Lau brilliantly convinced me to
be mindful and acknowledge the
problems when purchasing a $5 slice
of vegan pizza at Virtuous Pie, and
they offered alternative restaurants
instead. But have I convinced them
that something as simple as buying
a pepperoni and cheese pizza at
Mercante might have consequences
Emily Truong-Cheung is a second
year Ph.D. student in Sociology who
advocates for ethical consumerism.
All four of her grandparents called
Chinatown home, so she is delighted
that students are involved in
advocating against gentrification.
Emily's grandparents and parents
suffer from diabetes and kidney
failure; health problems that she
argues are part of the cultural
normalization of making processed
animal products affordable and
appealing to working-class and poor
households. FEATURES
' like being a part of
something that is
small and you know
 , everyone's name."
"I wanted to be that
friend for someone who might
otherwise just get lost in the
"My first-year residence
advisor helped me through a
lot of things. He inspired me to
become an RA."
Every year, about 1,000
students apply to become
residence advisors (RAs) at
UBC. They do so for a multitude
of reasons and have a variety
of expectations, but with one
common thread: they are hoping
to have a positive impact on the
11,000 students living in UBC
However, the turnover is
enormous. Of the 194 residence
advisors living in residence this
upcoming school year, fewer
than half are returning, and most
students leave after one or two
years of advising. Returning after
more than two years is seen as a
The Ubyssey spoke to 10
RAs — whose names have
been changed due to the nondisclosure agreement they are
required to sign with Residence
Life — to find out what changed
and why so many students — who
go into the position with such
good intentions — do not come
Aggressive Ambiguity
"A lot of people go in thinking
that you just tell people to be
quiet sometimes, but that's not
the case," said Margot, who
advised for one year. "They're
going to be dealing with a lot
of hardship and just a lot of
emotional stress ... They're not
signing up tor an easy-peasy job.
On its website, Residence
Life (ResLife) describes the RA
position as "a valuable way to
build important leadership skills,
help other students succeed
socially and academically, and
earn income during the school
"I think they really touch
on the good side, which is
important," said Devin, who also
advised for one year. "But I think
they really need to tell people
that you need to be ready for
balancing all these things and
all these extra commitments.
Because people do leave. People
do leave after first term."
According to their contract
— only a single page, double-
sided document — RAs have to
be "in" four nights per week,
meaning they have to remain on
a part of their duty to "uphold
Throughout the school
year, RAs are paid $7,120. This
They have to host at least four
"additional meetings or events
required at the discretion of the
Residence Life Manager."
Not only is the contract
short but also "everything is
hidden in sentences," said
Devin, noting the majority of
the information about the job is
included in addendums.
The job summary itself
is included on another
document which lists "living
for their work and go towards
housing and meal plans.
"The RA job is not
considered a full-time job.
It's not," said Tiffany Mintah,
associate director of Residence
Life. "It's 10 to 15 hours a week,
so it's not a full-time job."
However, "it's just always
been a thing for RAs to do more
than they're compensated for,"
said Devin.
job but it's not," said Will, who
advised for two years. "We work
a former residence advisor
in the assigned residence
area and promoting residence
communities, which are: safe and
secure, conducive to academic
pursuits, conducive to personal
growth and learning," as
requirements as well.
"When we were signing
the contract, a person in
management pointed out the
line about extra mandatory
meetings and said, 'so that we
can make you do more work!'
and laughed," said Devin.
Michael, a student who also
advised for one year, added that
the contract is "vague as shit on
purpose. It hides a lot of what
they expect from you and a lot of
the expectations are incredible."
to do rounds — or patrol their
residence hallways twice on
weekdays and three times on
weekends — is not mentioned
on the contract. Instead, it is
full-time hours. By the most
conservative estimates we got
about eight and a half dollars an
hour. The most conservative of
Dr. Steven Barnes, assistant
head of the department of
psychology and a UBC faculty
well-being liaison, said that
while it may be a part-time job
on paper, it doesn't work like
that in practice.
"When a doctor at a hospital
is on call, they're getting paid
to be on call. Even if they're not
doing anything, they're getting
paid," said Barnes. "If these
people are on call 24/7, that's
not realistic. That's not good for
their mental health and it's not
good for their grades."
the first misunderstanding about
the kind of work that the RAs are
actually doing.
"[Management] fully
recognizes that we as RAs are
made to do more work than
we are compensated for," said
Devin. "They know that. And
they're okay with shamelessly
and explicitly stating that to the
people on the receiving end of
the contract and laughing
about it."
RA Culture
Beyond finances and long work
hours, RAs also experience extra
burdens like the "emotional
design," said Will, which add
to the consuming nature of the
"[ResLife] is the first thing
on your mind and it's the first
thing that you do," said Sam.
During their training, RAs
have a session where they are
invited to think about "what
balance looks like for them
themselves through challenging
times during the job," said
However, this balance is
hard to strike.
"[RAs] care a lot about the
people they're mentoring and
taking care of," said Devin, "So
there is a lot of self-applied
pressure. [But even] if an RA is
talking to your residents, doing
your job well, but maybe not
writing warm fuzzies for your
residents every hour of the day,
For this reason, competition
runs rampant between RAs. This
competition is often reinforced
by management in practices
like giving out awards to the
"hardest workers" and the theme
of "Above and Beyond" RAs were
encouraged to strive for this year.
"It's like 'let's out-work each
other in order to be recognized,'"
said Devin. "And we're being
fed the same narrative from our
supervisors. You kind of get in
trouble if you do the minimum."
It may be the case that the
contribute to the "feedback loop"
of the "RA culture."
Living, sleeping and studying
where they work is one of them.
like something that prospective
RAs should have already
considered, "actually living it"
undue pressure on themselves,
but there are other factors that
— Sam,
a former
residence advisor
According to Devin, it's
difficult to be "on all the time."
"You need to display that
not only are you an involved
person, but also that you are
academically successful, focused,
and emotionally and physically
well," they said. "I think that's
already a lot to do for anybody."
changes completely.
"There are no nooks and
crannies for you to just chill in,"
said Alan, who advised for one
year. "Just being home places
responsibility on you, which can
be difficult because that's your
only space." But this feeling of
responsibility doesn't just apply
to "in" nights.
"Even on 'out nights,' as
and you observe something
that needs to be dealt with, you
need to deal with it," said Devin,
speaking about the nights RAs
are permitted to be away from
residence. "You are a student
leader always. No matter where
you are. If you're in class. Even
outside class. You don't know all
the residents who know you. It's
like you're being watched all the
According to Andrew Parr,
managing director of Student
Housing and Hospitality
Services, the department which
houses Residence Life, this is
part of maintaining the residence
"When they're off duty they
still have to [...] continue to be
respectful and caring in the
environment that they reside in,"
said Parr.
The time commitment and
social isolation, causing many
lose their support networks
outside of ResLife.
24 hours a day," said Sam, who
advised for three years. "You
have to actively, consciously
make relationships a priority.
That takes a lot of energy. And
you're already using up all of
your energy."
"Your friends just stop
said Margot. To make matters
worse, Margot's friends didn't 10   I   FEATURES   |   TUESDAY AUGUST 29, 2017
understand the realities of her
job. "[They made my job] the
butt of the joke without realizing
that I have five suicidal residents
and that I never sleep."
The nature of the position
also has an effect on advisors'
academic performance.
"There's a saying in ResLife
that your academics come first,
but with the amount of work that
But sometimes only
them, but how do you just shove
someone off?" said Alan.
They can't. And they don't.
Before they start the job,
residence advisors are trained
for 10 to 12 days at Advisor
Orientation, which includes
training on active listening,
that can't be the case," said
Margot, who had never pulled an
all-nighter until they became a
residence advisor. As an advisor,
they averaged five all-nighters
per month.
The final part of the training
involves something Mintah
called "developing personal
leadership practices" in which
students journal and are invited
to share their experiences.
— Margot,
a former residence advisor
"It's to the point where it's
that your GPA is going to drop
10 to 15 per cent," said Sam.
"The reality of ResLife is so at
odds with 'School first, ResLife
second,' but nothing is done to
change that."
Residence 911
On top of that, it is not at
all uncommon to deal with
extremely serious resident
"By the time I was 18,1 had
four people tell me they wanted
to kill themselves and one person
tell me they had been sexually
assaulted," said Margot. "I was
young. I was really young. And so
were they."
While it's not the
responsibility of an RA to solve
the issue themselves, "it's an
expectation that residence
advisors listen and make an
appropriate referral [for a
resident]. So being a good
listener is an expectation," said
However, many felt that
they were not properly trained
to cope with difficult resident
"One of the emergency
situations in the [training]
booklet — along with asbestos
and if something was on fire —
was sexual assault," said Sam.
"Every year I've worked as an
advisor, I've worked with at least
two students telling me about
being sexually assaulted."
concerns that RAs are not
trained for the realities of the
"They put us through
simulations," said Margot,
"[But] at the end of the day, the
amount of leadership training
suicidal... We take one [crisis]
question-response course but
we have five sessions on how to
make a poster."
"It sounds like they do get the
necessary training for referrals,"
said Barnes, "but that doesn't
mean that they are not affected
by [serious resident situations]. It
is very emotionally taxing to deal
with people who are suffering
with severe mental illness because
it takes a toll on you as well."
"The challenging experiences
[of RAs] are definitely
challenging," said Parr. "But I
guess the positive is that you as
an individual learn and grow and
help you develop mechanisms you
didn't have before."
However, RAs don't feel that
their superiors understand the
reality of their experience.
"[Management hasn't] spent
a week there. They don't know
the community," said Margot.
"They claim that they know what
students' needs are, but the fact of
the matter is that they don't. We
are the ones that know."
Learning to Cope
these realities in different ways.
For Trevor, who advised for two
years, it included a lot of partying.
Other students reach out to their
fellow RAs, but this itself can be a
"You're expected to have
residents confide in you, but it's
not in your job description to be
the therapist for your co-workers,"
said Sam. "Inevitably that ends up
happening just by virtue of how
difficult the job is on so many
people. So all of a sudden you're
taking on all of this emotional
labour and dealing with that on
top of everything else."
These inter-RA relationships
are also complicated because
they are muddled between the
realms of the personal and the
"From the beginning it's
set up so that you have these
relationships with everyone you
work with," said Sam, noting
that this makes dealing with
other RAs especially difficult. "It
therapist. You're being a friend.
But you're never given any
training on how to deal with
these unclear ethical boundaries
between 'This is my friend. This
is also my colleague.'"
Not only that, but in difficult
situations, RAs cannot confide in
their coworkers because they are
contractually bound to maintain
residents' confidentiality.
Even then, said Barnes, "their
coworkers aren't clinical
counselling psychologists —
they're not social workers."
The support that Residence
Life provides to students include
weekly meetings with their
supervisor, about an hour a
week in first-year residence and
twice a month in upper year
"The idea is that you get
that one-on-one time to just talk
about you and how you're doing,"
said Mintah.
On top of the regular time
the students get off every week,
they have access to a Wellness
Pass, which gives them a night
off— no questions asked. ResLife
has refrained from putting a
number on it because they want
— Dr. Steven Barnes,
assistant head of the department of
psychology and a UBC faculty
well-being liaison AUGUST 29, 2017 TUESDAY I   FEATURES   I   11
it; they've have had no reason
to make more rules about it.
However, the Residence Life
manager does track the amount
of wellness passes that are used
by each residence advisor.
For more serious incidences,
Residence Life has brought
in external support, such as
counselling for the students
directly involved, according
to Mintah. However, the only
person students have 24-hour
access to is a residence life
manager, who is "trained to a
certain level to deal with those
conflicts," said Parr, noting
they would work with referred
professionals should they be
needed as well.
"It's weird," said Trevor,
"Because I feel like there is so
much support around, but I
didn't feel supported."
Revolving Door
health problems can lead to
professional consequences.
"Often I've met residence
advisors who have not been able
to return because they were not
supported with their mental
health. They've been told they
can't be rehired," said Margot.
The Ubyssey found someone
with one such story.
their second year. In first
term, they struggled with
their mental health and were
briefly hospitalized because of
it. However, in spite of these
difficulties, their job performance
was not affected.
"They were a star advisor
that semester. They had the best
events in our team," said their
former co-worker, Will.
Sam remained "completely
transparent" with their manager
throughout this process,
including when their road to
recovery included dropping some
classes. Their manager kept
in touch and offered personal
However, "when things got
serious, the blurring of personal
and professional really became a
big deal," said Sam. In the second
semester, they received a "really
friendly email" inviting them to
come into their manager's office
to "chat about the semester and
financial advising."
"The meeting ended up
being about me being asked to
resign because I hadn't met the
academic standard," recalled Sam.
They were shocked.
"I had spoken with my
[...] and I hadn't been informed
of any potential professional
consequences," they said. "It
was prese
ultimatum of 'either you resign or
we will not hire you again.' It was
very clear that the only reason
— Sam,
a former residence
for it was struggling with mental
Sam had known residence
advisors who hadn't met the 65
per cent average requirement
stated in the contract and had
only gotten "a tap on the wrist."
Additionally, in order to live in
residence at UBC, one has to be
taking at least three classes, but
Sam was registered with Access &
Diversity so they could take two
classes and still be considered a
full-time student.
According to Mintah, when
an RA's average falls below 65 per
cent or has a sessional grade that
is significantly lower than their
cumulative average, ResLife takes
advisors' accounts, the manager's
behaviour the next year was no
When Sam was rehired as
planning document with that
advisor [and] they get the chance
to sit down one on one with their
Residence Life manager to talk
through it," she said.
For Barnes, he sees this as
not aligned with UBC's policies
towards other staff members.
"[Grades] should not be a
factor given the fact that they
were sick. They should be
subject to accommodations," said
Barnes. "Any other employee at
UBC would've had time off and
compensation and payment for
that time off. So why didn't they
get treated like anyone else here?"
Despite Sam's requests, there
was no appeal process. Instead,
ResLife told them they would
place them at the residence of
their choice.
"I paid the organization
that had just fired me $3,000 to
continue to live on campus," they
Additionally, Sam was no
longer allowed to participate in
or help run events. They were
also prohibited from participating
in their team's "All Out Night," a
night in March where RAs from
the same building all have the
night off.
"They removed Sam from
their system of support," said
Will. "They took away their salary
and added a financial burden."
"The managers and the
supervisors treat RAs like they
are students and provide the
same care and support to the
RAs that the RAs provide to their
residents and their community,"
said Mintah.
However, when Will spoke
to their manager about why Sam
had not been treated the way a
resident would have, he was told
"point-blank" that "'it's different
when you're a resident and an
RA. The same rules don't apply.'"
"I'm not even sure the way
they handled my situation was
legal," said Sam. "And I wasn't in
because a previous manager
vouched for them. In a meeting
about rent payment, the assistant
director also offered an apology
for the loss of their job.
However, "there was never
organization was run — there was
never any accountability at all,"
said Sam.
"You can't blame the whole
organization for one manager,
but you can blame the whole
organization for the conduct and
the procedure by which they
handled it."
Moving In and Moving On
If Sam could change anything
about the RA position, mental
health would be at the forefront.
"Mental health issues
are rampant in ResLife," they
said. "[Support] never really
gets beyond venting to your
coordinator and just dealing
with it. When there's something
serious, there's nothing there. So
the response is exclusively policy.
That is the exact opposite of
what someone needs and what is
responsible of the organization."
In spite of the sheer number
that changing the system from the
inside is nearly impossible.
"The people who are on the
forefront of experiencing the
structures that exist and the
protocols that exist have the
things," said Devin. "You can
send out those [feedback]
surveys all you want but let's be
real... the way that some of the
questions are asked are in away
Will and Sam pushed for
manager feedback, which they
got, but their manager was
not fired. According to other
returning this year, it remains
to be seen whether ResLife is
retaining the best students at all.
"We're hired to be leaders,"
said Margot. "But the second we
take any kind of initiative within
the position in terms of making a
change to the position, we can't
do that. And we aren't rehired.
We lose our job. They reward
obedience, but not the ability to
make positive change." tJ SCIENCE
Inventor of Kryptonian aims
to revitalize endangered languages
Schreyer's Kryptonian script includes mainly curved shapes, because "Everything is round on Krypton.'
Kristin Lee Conrad
UBCO's Dr. Christine Schreyer -
an associate professor teaching
anthropology and linguistics —
went to Krypton. At least, as close
as any of us will ever get.
In 2011, Warner Brothers
approached Schreyer to develop
the Kryptonian language for Man
Schreyer began her journey
quite young — she has wanted to
be an anthropologist since she
was twelve. She hasalso always
been interested in Indigenous
peoples and completed a directed
study on the Cree language during
her undergraduate studies at
the University of Winnipeg. In
graduate school, she compared
the oral stories of the Chapleau
Cree First Nation to records from
the Hudson's Bay Company and
worked with the Loon River
Cree and Taku River Tlingit First
Her research focused on
how languages are embedded in
landscape and how people can learn
about language in tandem with
reclaiming knowledge of the land.
She currently does field work in
Papua New Guinea documenting
Kala, which is spoken in six villages
and one of the country's 862
What does this have to do with
Schreyer's background in
reviving and protecting endangered
languages made her the perfect
candidate to create an imaginary
language — with one big difference.
Her research studied the interaction
between language and land, yet the
fictional world of Krypton cannot be
visited. Right?
Wrong, explained Schreyer. The
world of Krypton was so lavishly
imagined by the production designer
for Man of Steel that she gained
important evidence from visiting the
movie set and by studying other preexisting texts.
"The world of Krypton was so
well-imagined... there's so much in
there I feel that is not on-screen,"
said Schreyer. "Alex McDowell —
production designer for Man of
Steel — is famous for developing
these really intense worlds with so
much backstory to them... There
was so much culture and land that
I got to see. I guess I did get to go to
Being on set while making
the language brought Schreyer
physically to the land of Krypton
as imagined, and helped her make
decisions when forming new words
and the writing system.
Schreyer created two parts to
Kryptonian: the written and oral
Kryptonian is a little like
Japanese, with both an older
system of symbols — or "glyphs" —
akin to kanji, as well as a syllabic
writing system similar to hiragana
and katakana. Linguists would
call these glyphs "ideaograms,"
because, quite simply, they
represent an idea.
Superman's "S" is an example
of an ideogram that means
"hope." It's also the symbol for
his house line, "El." Schreyer and
her team developed a series of
glyphs embedded with deeper
meaning that fans could generate
for themselves online in a glyph
"[The glyph creator] would
ask you a series of four questions,
like, 'do you have a good sense of
morality, perception or adventure?'
Kind of like a little personality quiz,"
said Schreyer.
The result is a house glyph
ingrained with meaning. Similarly,
the syllabic writing system produces
a script based on the syllables
present in the text being translated.
The shape of the script itself reflects
the connection of land and language
so prevalent in Schreyer's research.
"Everything is round on Krypton.
There are no straight lines. The
writing system was tied to that," said
Schreyer. "The shape of the writing
system, which was tied to the shape
of the planet and how the world was
imagined, also impacted the [spoken]
Further deepening the land-
language connection are elements
of Cree syllabics Schreyer brought
to this project — remember her
undergrad directed study? During
those early days in her career, she
studied the structure of words.
Schreyer was fascinated by the fact
that in Cree, some syllables flip
based on how they are being used.
For example, anL-shaped symbol
denotes the consonant "m" when
used with the vowel "a." This same
symbol flips upside down when "m"
is used with "i," upside down and
backwards when "m" is used with
"e" and backwards when "m" is used
with "o."
"They had already decided that
the numbers were going to flip...
The Kryptonian counting system
flips pieces of the 'shield' shape —
the glyph that Superman wears on
his chest — and then rotates that into
different numbers. I already had
an idea of rotating numbers, and so
when I saw and heard that I thought
of the rotating syllabics of Cree." So
what does Kryptonian sound like?
Definitely not like English.
For example, Kryptonian
includes a "voiced glottal fricative,"
or what a voiced "h" would sound
like to English speakers, which Dr.
Schreyer added to a list of existing
phonetic rules to make the language
"more alien sounding." This is a
sound English speakers are capable
of producing, but is not found in any
words in the English language.
Unfortunately, the spoken
language didn't make it into the
film, even though the production
team was thrilled to have Schreyer's
Kryptonian on-hand.
"They did film some scenes that
were including spoken Kryptonian
later on because they got really
excited about it, but it was kind of a
last-minute thing and it didn't make
it into the final cut of the movie,"
said Schreyer.
Fans (including Schreyer) were
holding out for a fully-developed
Kryptonian dictionary that Warner
Brothers had hinted at making
possible, but the DC Universe has
since moved on. She is still hopeful
this may be an option in the future
as the franchise develops.
Just because DC has moved on
to Aqua Man doesn't mean that
Schreyer is far from films. She was
recently the language creator for
the Power Rangers movie, and was
on-set during the filming of the very
first scene where Brian Cranston
and Elizabeth Banks speak Eltarian.
She's also become a filmmaker in her
own right, appearing as executive
producer on a documentary
about "con-langing" (constructed
"[The documentary] is about
people who make languages, not
just for Hollywood, but people who
make them as hobbies — and have
for 30 or 40 years — and why people
make them and people who learn
these languages," said Shreyer.
And indeed, Superman fans
are enthusiastic about learning
about the constructed language of
Kryptonian. Schreyer has happily
fielded emails from fans who want
to get tattoos in the syllabic writing
system, which she responds to
when she has time and a word
that answers the request. The
Canadian Mint even asked her to
do some work for commemorative
Superman, Batman and Wonder
Woman coins they had produced.
"Sometimes I'm like, 'is this a
real e-mail? Does the Mint really
want to make coins?'" said Schreyer.
These interactions with fans of the
Kryptonian language depict how
interested people are in constructed
languages, and Schreyer explains
in the documentary that this
interest can help languages that are
endangered in real life.
"I'm looking at how people are
learning online, and what are the
motivating factors, and how to
make it 'cool' to learn new things,"
said Schreyer. If real endangered
languages — like Kala or Southern
Haida — became as cool to learn as
Kryptonian, teaching them would
be a lot easier. And, thousands of
years of cultural history would be
This fall, Schreyer will be
teaching the first-ever cross campus
social science course between
UBC-0 and UBC Vancouver. This
class on endangered languages
and language documentation will
include a community project with
the Splats'in First Nation, whom
Schreyer has been working with
since 2008. Students will look at
how languages become endangered,
what people are doing to document
and revitalize them, as well as how
technology fits in.
In her office, Schreyer has only
one memento — a framed Batman v
Superman promotional cereal box
that featured Kryptonian syllabic
writing — to remind her of her work
on Man of Steel. A bit of notoriety is
a welcomed perk of Schreyer's job,
but the true goal is research that is
applicable to existing communities.
If Schreyer's career is an
example, you never know where
your childhood dreams and
undergraduate research could take
you. So sign up for that directed
seminar and pursue what
interests you, because you never
know — it may even take you to
an imaginary world. 'M
The Canadian Mint asked Schreyerto do some work on the
glyphs used on the commemorative Superman coins. AUGUST 29, 2017 TUESDAY I   SCIENCE   I   13
Eclipse inspires unexpectedly large crowds
at Vancouver Art Gallery and UBC campus
Progression of the solar eclipse on Monday, August 21,2017 as seen from Oregon.
Agnetha De Sa & Annie Cavalla
In 1999, an iconic Jaffa Cake
advert hit primetime British TV.
(If you don't know what a Jaffa
cake is, they sell them in London
Drugs. You're welcome.) It went
like this: a teacher held up a
Jaffa cake to an entranced group
of five-year-olds apparently in
astronomy class. "Full moon,"
she said, referencing its beguiling
roundness. She took a presumably
delectable and definitely
detectable bite.
"Half moon," she said, holding
it up to the now slack-jawed and
drooling children and, indeed, it
did resemble a half moon. Then
she triumphantly stuffed the rest
in her mouth, and "total eclipse!"
she crowed.
The implication hung
heavily that it wasn't her first
performance and that it wouldn't
be her last. Any self-respecting
millennial knows that to eat a
Jaffa cake, you have to reenact
the whole thing — and you can't
see an eclipse without thinking
a luscious orangey chocolate
biscuit wouldn't go amiss.
Monday's eclipse was one of
the most anticipated astronomical
phenomena observable from
Earth. People across the globe
had a chance to witness a rare
treat either in person or through
one of many live webcasts.
Although the path of totality
crossed directly over the United
States, many viewers in Canada,
Central and northern South
America as well as in Africa and
Europe were able to see a partial
Why was this eclipse so
popular? Steffani Grondin,
the co-president of the UBC
Astronomy Club, stated that while
this solar eclipse is happening
during a solar minimum — where
sunspot and solar flare activity is
low — this one "is big because the
last total solar eclipse that was
viewable from Vancouver was
approximately 100 years ago."
Grondin further stated that
with the reach of social media
and the fact that "the city has
gotten more crowded ... everyone
is watching" this eclipse.
With Monday's eclipse being
"the closest to Vancouver in a
decade," Grondin explained that
this eclipse "reachfed] 86 percent
totality" meaning that "the sun
[was] 86 percent covered by the
moon." Here in Vancouver, there
were many solar eclipse parties
across the city hosted by a variety
of organizations, including the
UBC Astronomy Club's which
took place at the Vancouver
Art Gallery. Grondin said that
the event was one of the public
outreach events organized by the
With an estimated 100 people
gathered an hour before the event
started, the club executive team
estimated that in total around 500
people came to the Vancouver
Art Gallery for the viewing party.
Additionally, with protective
equipment such as solar viewers
and solar glasses being so hard
to come by leading up to the
event, it was no wonder crowds
gathered before the executive
team arrived.
Anticipating a crowd of
300, the club was not able to
provide everyone that attended
the event with a solar viewer
but encouraged sharing so that
everyone would be able to have a
chance to view the eclipse safely.
In addition, the club had three
telescopes from which the eclipse
could be viewed by attendees.
With viewers being sold for
five dollars each, UBC Astronomy
Club plans on using any leftover
money for future public outreach
events. Past events have included
Blackout: Night Sky Festival
held at UBC's Museum of
"Whether you're a PhD
student studying dark matter,"
or simply like looking up at
the stars, Grondin stated that
the UBC Astronomy Club is
"an open and inclusive club for
everyone and all of our events are
tailored for various astronomy
backgrounds and interests."
On the UBC campus, the plaza
encircled by the Nest and the
Robert H. Lee alumni centre was
buzzing with activity by 9am.
The gathering was hosted by
the UBC Department of Physics
and Astronomy. Parallel with
Vancouver's partial rather than
total eclipse, the plaza was not
completely full.
However, the queue for a
hand-held screen as armour for
precious retinas was around
149.6 million kilometers long.
Which, coincidentally, is the
distance from here to the sun.
The wait was well-worth the first
peek through the ISO 12312-2
Participants looked through
their solar viewers and, as air
fizzed through their teeth,
gripped their companions'
arms. Up there, far away, flew
Apollo, Helios, Ra, its influence
undiminished by distance. The
The UBC Department of Physics and Astronomy made
eclipse-themed shirts for their volunteers.
sun watches constantly and
disdainfully, turning us over
day after day for inspection —
and around once a year, Hecate
relieves us from scrutiny.
The moon streaks through
space and the earth streaks in
the opposite direction, with
the moon passing by the Sun at
3,682 kilometers per hour. But
truly, with enough distance, any
movement is undetectable — the
eclipse looked like just a shadow
of a rock, larger each time it was
glimpsed, stealing across the eye
of the sun.
Another image leapt to mind,
a view of the earth from far away,
of tiny students and families
intermingling to cover the earth's
surface underneath the moon's
eye as it conspired to hide us from
the sun. As Annie Dillard writes,
"the sun we see is less than half
the diameter of a dime held at
arm's length."
Yet the sun's atomity seemed
to increase its congruity.
Especially during the eclipse,
our position seemed somehow
more tangible. Participants left
with a sense of human inferiority,
reaching for the crutch of a photo
to describe their experience
where language inevitably falls
short. fH
The plaza between the Nest and the Robert H. Lee alumni centre was buzzing with activity. The gathering was hosted by the UBC Department of Physics and Astronomy.
SEPT. 8 2017
Tickets: myshowpass.com/welcome-back-bbq
$20 - $40
3:30 - 9:30PM
All ages w/
19+ beer garden
Ili^iyj   EVENTS
Triathlon becomes
UBC's newest
Sport Club
Bill Situ
Staff Writer
For the upcoming school
year, triathlon will be the
newest addition to the list of
Thunderbirds Sport Clubs (TSC).
Triathlon TSC came to fruition
due to an initiative by members
of the UBC Triathlon Club - an
existing AMS club. According to
Florian Heinkel, marketing and
communications executive for
Triathlon TSC, members of the
AMS club felt a need to have two
separate clubs for participants
of different performance and
commitment levels.
"We always had a branch
of people who wanted to do
[triathlon] really competitively...
and at the same time, we always
had people really doing it just for
fun," said Heinkel. "It's gotten
increasingly hard in the last
couple of years to combine that in
As a solution to the problem,
Triathlon TSC will cater more
toward the competitive triathletes
while its AMS counterpart will
mainly serve those wishing to
pursue triathlon recreationally.
"[Triathlon TSC] is going to
have a more rigourous training
plan," said Heinkel. "We ask
commitment of our athletes."
Heinkel said that members can
also transition from the AMS club
to the TSC once they feel they're
up to the challenge.
With the executive board
now in place, Triathlon TSC's
next order of business will be to
recruit members and hire a coach.
The club is aiming to have a team
of 10 female and 10 male athletes.
"We're going to be at Imagine
Day and there's going to be a
recruiting session that week," said
Another one of Triathlon
TSC goal's will be to set up an
intercollegiate triathlon league.
Currently, no league exists in the
region for the sport.
"What we want to be
spearheading ... is trying to set up
a collegiate league for triathlon
in western Canada or potentially
here [on] the west coast, even
including some of the US schools,"
said Heinkel.
Down the road, Heinkel hopes
that some of the club's athletes
can compete as high as the
international level. In the past,
triathletes from the AMS club have
qualified for the International
Triathlon Union (ITU) World
Series. Heinkel also said that the
club's goal in five years' time would
be produce an Olympic-level
Although Triathlon TSC is still
in its infancy, Heinkel believes that
creating a team setting in the club
will enable athletes to compete at
high levels.
"While [triathlon] is an
individual sport, by promoting
it through a team, it will be very
conducive to supporting talent that
we have out here," said Heinkel. 'M
Courtesy Anna Bennett
Triathlon TSC is aiming to have a team of 10 female and 10 male athletes.
UBC midfielder MihaiHodutand University of Fraser Valley's Charandeep Rangi take their positions for a set piece
during Friday night's game.
Men's soccer hits the ground
running with back-to-back
home opener wins
Bill Situ
Staff Writer
Coming off of a consolation crown
finish in 2016, UBC men's soccer
picked up two shutout victories to
debut the 2017 season.
For T-Birds head coach Mike
Mosher, the two wins are a sign
that the team is headed in the
right direction.
"It's still early days and this
group has got a lot of work [to
do]," said Mosher. "We feel as we
grow as a team, we will start to
score more goals, so it's nice to
have fun that first weekend with a
couple of clean sheets."
The 'Birds played the first
game of the doubleheader against
the University of Fraser Valley
Cascades, coming out with a 1-0
win. UBC's only goal came from
freshman Victory Shumbusho in
the 27th minute.
T-Bird goalkeeper Chad Bush
also made a critical save on a
penalty shot by UFV's Jun Won
Choi in the 39th. Mosher believes
Bush's netminding played a key
role in the final outcome of the
"[Bush] commanded his box
really well, really alleviated the
pressure for our back four," said
Mosher. "We know we've got
probably the best goalkeeper in
the country."
The score of the second
game was again 1-0 in favour of
UBC. This time, the 'Birds faced
the Trinity Western University
Spartans — who were second to
the 'Birds in the Canada West
Pacific Division last year.
"[Trinity] is one of the biggest
competitors to getting the top
spot, so this is a really big win,"
said T-Birds midfielder Kyle Sohi
after the game.
Both teams created close
scoring opportunities in the first
half, but thanks to solid defence,
the game remained scoreless after
45 minutes. UBC nearly took the
lead in the 3rd, when Mackenzie
Cole managed to put the onion in
the bag from inside the goal area,
but the play was called offside.
After a long stalemate, luck
finally struck for the 'Birds in
the 56th minute when Sohi got a
penalty shot to put UBC up 1-0.
"[Sohi] has had a lot of injuries
in his first three years so it's nice to
see him get that winning goal," said
As one of the more senior
players on the team, Sohi was
impressed by the performance of the
younger players over the weekend.
"A lot of the guys, they play with
maturity, so that helps a lot," said
Sohi. "As seniors, we try to make it
as easy as we can for [the younger
players], but most of them, they're up
there." fH
The 'Birds will play their next
game on the road against the UBC
Okanagan Heat on Saturday,
September 2.
Enjoy unlimited
access to every exhibition
Additional discount available
for visual arts students ^^
Artgallery 16   I   GAMES   I   TUESDAY AUGUST 29, 2017
1- Biblical birthright seller;
1- Winds up;
5- Sacred song;
2- Chair;
10- Conduit;
3- Opera set in Egypt;
14- Dresden denial;
4- Not uniform;
15- Up (trapped);
5-Jewish festival;
16-Crucifix letters;
6-Indy 500 sponsor;
17- Miami's county;
7- The Altar;
18- Tiffs;
8- Open the door for;
19- Somewhat;
9- Unordered;
20- Used in building casks;
10- Zoologist Fossey;
22- Equality of political rights;
11- Golden Rule word;
24- "Xanadu" band, for short;
12- Jam-pack;
25- Quartz variety;
13- Neat;
26- Festival;
21- Biblical high priest;
30- Uncle!;
23- Rust, e.g.;
35- Flightless bird;
25- Corrida call;
36- Before, before;
26- Chest or closet material;
37- Ventures;
27- Miss by ;
38- Contort;
28- Corrodes;
41- Most profound;
29- Singer Garfunkel;
43- Choir section;
31- Opening;
44- Beatty of "Superman";
32- my case;
45- Canonized Mile.;
33- Roman goddess of the hearth;
46- Bowler's button;
34- Organic compound;
47- Curved sword;
39-Digit of the foot;
50-This, in Tijuana;
40- Bony prefix;
53- Freight weight;
41- Last mo.;
54- Black and white;
42- Ready for editing;
58- River in N South America;
44- Code-breaking org.;
62- Salon sweepings;
48- Popular tattoo;
63- Toothbrush brand;
49- Momentarily;
66- Zaire's Mobutu Seko;
51- Pry;
67- Role for Ingrid;
52- Earth;
68- Projecting window;
54- Michael Moore's "Downsize !
69- Sandusky's lake;
55- Mickey's creator;
70- Wineglass part;
56- River to the Seine;
71- European capital, in song;
57- Streetcar;
72- Price tag;
59- Round number?;
60- Medical suffix;
61- Nair competitor;
64- Televise;
65- Majors in acting;
■ 30
■ 41
■ 45
going to
lie, we
have a
crush on
you. Come
visit us
Nest 2208
By: L A. Bonte
For more comics visit FilbertCartoons.com


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