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The Ubyssey Mar 8, 2016

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 MARCH8,2016 |VOLUMEXCVII | ISSUEXXII
1 HATE INDESIGN SO MUCH SINCE 1918
P/04
P/05
P/09
P/ll
//
//
//
//
NEWS
CULTURE
OPINIONS
SPORTS
Most referendum
question
pass
Home-grown
Juno
nominees
Learn to
cook,
dumbass
Women's hockey
captures Canada West in
three games
THE NEW
PRESIDENT
Ava Nasiri, the 107th
president of the AMS
wears many hats. // PAGE 2
YOUR GUIDE TO UBC EVENTS & PEOPLE
TUESDAY, MARCH 8,2016
EVENTS
OUR CAMPUS
SAT 12
////
UBC SOCIAL ENTERPRISE 9:30 A.M. @ THE NEST
Get inspired during this conference on business, innovation
and social impact!
WAITLIST ONLINE
SAT 12
////
ARTEXP0 6P.M.@PERFORMANCETHEATRE,THENEST
A night of fashion and art by Legendary X and Nik D. Alcoholic
beverages and light snacks provided!
MINIMUM $5 DONATION
SAT 12
////
REFUGEE WELCOME 8 PM. @ CROSSWAY CHURCH
Head over to Surrey to enjoy a benefit concert while raising
money for Syrian refugees.
$5 STUDENTS/$10 ADULTS
ON THE COVER
PHOTO/ART BY
Kosta Prodanovic
Want to see your events listed here?
Email your event listings to
printeditor@ubyssey.ca
% THE UBYSSEY
Coordinating Editor        Features Editor
Will McDonald Vassi Sharlandjieva
coordinating@ubyssey.cafeatures@ubyssey.ca
Design Editor Copy Editor
Aiken Lao Bailey Ramsay
printeditor@ubysseyca    features@ubyssey.ca
News Editors
Moira Warburton &
Emma Partridge
news@ubyssey.ca
Culture Editor
Olivia Law
culture@ubyssey.ca
Sports + Rec Editor
Koby Michaels
sports@ubyssey.ca
Video Producer
Tim Hoggan
video@ubyssey.ca
Photo Editor
Kosta Prodanovic
photo@ubyssey.ca
Opinions + Blog Editor
Jack Hauen
opinions@ubyssey.ca
Volohova, Jeremy Johnson-Silvers, Jul!E
Yu.Sruthi Tadepalli, Karen Wang, Jessif
Stirling, Vicky Huang, 01 amide Olaniyai
Henry Allan, Natalie Morris, Miguel Sar
Maria,Sivan Spector,Sarah Nabila
Sophie Sutcliffe, Rithu Jagannarh,
Samuel du Bois, Lucy Fox, Samanths
VlcCabe, Ben Cook,Avril Hwang, Ber
n Zhou, Nadya Rahman, Boris
MARCH 8, 2016 | VOLUMEXCVII| ISSUE XXII
CONTACT
Editorial Office:
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Meet Ava Nasiri, your AMS president
PHOTO KOSTA PRODANOVIC/THE UBYSSEY
After coordinating the AMS's student organizations as VP Administration for two years, Ava Nasiri has been named the next AMS president.
Vassilena Sharlandjieva
Features Editor
On a Friday evening years ago,
12-year-old Ava Nasiri sat in her
school's gym with her classmates.
They were watching Cheaper by
the Dozen and snacking on popcorn
and juice boxes. She had planned
that movie night along with her
classmates, and it remains one of
her most memorable moments of
growing up.
"It was so successful that we
took turns using the principle's
office phone to call our moms and
ask them to bring us more popcorn,"
Nasiri recalled. "Realizing the
difference our teamwork created
within the school and the way that
it kind of broke the regular routine
— to have that movie night on a
Friday afternoon, to have everyone
be so excited about it and have the
students feel connected to each
other — that definitely inspired me
to keep doing things along those
lines."
That movie night was only the
start of the desire to be involved in
the community which Nasiri has
brought to UBC.
Though UBC was Nasiri's only
choice of university because she
wished to stay close to her family,
who live in Vancouver, she was not
immune to feeling out of place.
"Did I ever think that I didn't
belong at UBC? I did. I was very lost
in first year. I had no idea how to
get involved," said Nasiri. But that
changed after a student running
for the position of Arts Undergrad
Society (AUS) VP Student Life
made a classroom announcement of
her candidacy in Nasiri's first-year
art history class. Nasiri ran after
her and offered to volunteer, was
made the candidate's assistant,
and thus found her way into
student leadership and to a sense of
belonging at UBC.
Now in her fifth year, after
planning retreats and working
with clubs as the AUS VP Internal,
and coordinating the AMS's
student organizations as the VP
Administration for two years, Nasiri
will be the next AMS president
— the public face of the student
society and the student body's
representative to the university.
"I think it's the role of the AMS
is to make sure that whatever
community you want to belong
to, and whatever that word means
to you, you have the tools you need
to get where you want to be," said
Nasiri.
Nasiri encourages students who
think that involvement comes at
the expense of good grades to "give
themselves a little bit more credit."
"There are more hours in the
day than you think," she would say
to students wondering how they
can manage being involved in a
leadership role on top of classes. "It's
just about you deciding that you can
do it, and then planning things out
accordingly."
When reflecting on important
lessons she has learned from her
shortcomings in her VP Admin
position, Nasiri said she had realized
the value of asking for criticism
after seeing the need to improve her
office's services — the website in
particular — according to feedback
from club executives.
"There are lots of things that
can be missed when you don't
ask someone to give you negative
feedback," she said. "It might not
always be exactly what you want
to hear — everything you're doing
wrong — but it's one of the most
valuable things and one of the most
valuable questions you can ask."
While excited to plan the start
of her term as president, Nasiri
admitted she was nervous about
the unknowns she'd face on the
job. "You never know what next
controversy or crisis is going to
pop up," she noted. Her presidency
will face certain challenges —
the AMS will be operating at a
$400,000 deficit because the fee
raise referendum did not pass. In
addition, the AMS has to hire a
new General Manager to operate
businesses in the aftermath of The
Perch's closing.
After characterizing herself
a "people person" throughout
her campaign, Nasiri extends an
invitation: "I'd just love it to be
known that I'm a regular student
and I would love for anyone who
has any questions about the AMS to
pop by and say, 'Hey,'" she said. %
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DISPLACEMENT//
Fellow in the United States Department of State's Bureau of Democracy speaks at UBC on refugees
Sivan Spector
StaffWriter
According to UNHCR, the United
Nations refugee agency, there
are around 59.5 million forcibly
displaced people in the world.
Most refugees have been
displaced for more than five years,
which the current system in place for
helping them has not been designed
to cope with. Approximately 19.5
million of the near 60 million
displaced peoples are refugees who
have left their home country — the
rest are people displaced within their
own country.
Today, there are more Syrian
refugees than refugees from any
other country — about 25 per cent of
all refugees in 2015 were Syrian. The
conflict in Syria certainly has been
prominent in the media, but there
are, of course, refugees all over the
world, including many who have fled
to developing countries.
It is not unlikely that the media
attention given to the Syrian conflict
over others is due to the one million
refugees that have arrived on
European shores since the beginning
of 2015. The difficulties refugees
face are enormous and are not
limited to the reintegration process
or trauma of the conflict they were
fleeing. However, the resettlement
process for the many Syrian refugees
flooding into surrounding countries
has become political.
"Right now, we're seeing a lot
of political football. Unfortunately,
what has been largely a bipartisan-
supported, very humanitarian issue
has now become very politicized and
very securitized," said Sarah Miller,
who spoke at UBC last week about
forced displacement.
Miller is an international
relations professor at American
University in Washington, D.C.,
and former Franklin Fellow in the
United States Department of State's
Bureau of Democracy, Human
Rights and Labour's African
Affairs. She explains that leaving is
rarely a choice for refugees — it is
forced by violence, terror and war.
Miller is touring three Canadian
cities in order to discuss refugee
resettlement policies and to offer
her expertise to volunteer groups
to help them better support refugee
integration into Canadian society.
Canada has agreed to take
25,000 Syrian refugees by the end
of February. The United States
has agreed to take 10,000. These
are both a fraction of the 4.3
million refugees fleeing the Syrian
conflict, which does not include
the 10.8 million who are in need
of humanitarian aid within Syria.
Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan
are hosting about three million
refugees and Europe about one
million.
Those chosen for resettlement
in the United States are often
considered most vulnerable
— those who are stranded at a
volatile border, in need of medical
assistance or subject to gender,
sexuality or religion based
violence. Refugees are referred for
resettlement by UNHCR.
Incoming refugees receive
financial support for a number
of months. In Canada, there are
both government sponsored
refugees and privately sponsored
refugees. One student group that
has been active at UBC is the
WUSC, a program that fundraises
for refugees who are students.
The program helps them not only
resettle, but also continue their
studies, which are often disrupted
by the conflict they are fleeing.
However, Miller said refugees
lack legal, medical, physical and, in
many cases, emotional protection.
According to Miller, resettlement
is usually the third solution and
finding a way for the refugees to
return to their home country or
letting them settle and work in the
country that they have arrived to are
preferred solutions.
Nations across Europe and
North America have expressed
some concerns about the huge
influx of refugees in need of
resettlement. The main concerns
are surrounding security and
economic issues. Countries worry
that by letting refugees in that they
will also be letting terrorists in,
risking the lives of their current
citizens.
"President Obama has put a
lot of emphasis on the idea that
refugees are themselves victims
of terror," said Miller. "Half of the
Syrians resettled in the United
States are children and a quarter
are over 60."
In the United States especially,
there is a loud rhetoric likening
refugees to terrorists because of
their religion. However, to apply
for asylum in the United States,
the screening process for refugees
involves many steps and takes
between 18-24 months.
"The security screenings are
extremely rigorous, they're among
the most strict there could be. And
while you can't always screen out
every possible threat, it, logically
speaking, would be the worst way
to try to come if you wanted to
commit an act of terror," said Miller.
Additionally, many countries in
North America and Europe worry
that refugees are an economic
burden. However, according to
Dr. Miller, refugees have proved
to be extremely economically self-
sufficient and often actually add
to the host country's economy by
owning buisnesses. Although they
rely on aid initially, most of them
achieve at least 87 per cent of the
new country's average income
within 10-20 years.
In Canada, Miller credits the
increase of the quota of refugees in
part to public support. Even in the
United States, she said she's seeing
mass public support. U
AFTERMATH //
AMS referendum results: WUSC, U-Pass, Bring Back the Gal, campus culture and performance fee all pass
= ILE PHOTO KOSTAPRODANOVIC/THE UBYSSEY
AMS elections passes most referendum
questions
Emma Partridge
News Editor
Last Friday saw the culmination
of weeks of work for AMS election
candidates and staff — the winners
of the elections and the results of the
many referendum questions also on
the ballot were announced.
Questions that passed included
increasing the fees allocated towards
the World University Service
Canada, approving the U-Pass,
mandating the AMS to bring back
the Gallery Lounge, housekeeping
by-law and constitution changes,
changes to the health and dental
plan and a campus culture and
performance fee.
Questions that did not pass were
a fee increase to AMS fees of $4.20
— meaning the society will face a
$400,000 deficit next year - and
changes to the way AMS Council
handles referendum questions.
Although the majority of voters for
the latter question were in favour, it
failed to meet quorum.
Ava Nasiri took away the big
win — the "Queen of Clubs," as she
was referred to by the elections
administrator, was elected the 107th
president of the AMS. On elections
night, Nasiri said her only response
was being humbled and honoured.
"I had no idea. Jenna is so
phenomenal and amazing and
talented and hard-working that I
had absolutely no idea. It was hard
to judge," she told The Ubyssey on
results night.
Jenna Omassi was the other
front-runner in the presidential
race. Nasiri was ranked first choice
by a margin of 267 votes compared
to Omassi, with just a 14 per cent
abstention rate in the presidential
vote.
While Omassi did not win the
presidency, she did win one of the
five spots on Senate but later gave up
this spot, which will instead be filled
by councillor Daniel Lam.
"It is just the right decision for
me right now, allowing me to move
away from the AMS and put my all
into other campus endeavours to
continue to support and advocate for
students," said Omassi in an email
to The Ubyssey. "Senators who have
been successful in their elections
thus far have all the skills and
expertise to continue on the projects
that are most important to students
and I have full faith in them."
Lam said he felt elated at the
news, but also that it came as a shock
given that he had fully accepted his
defeat on elections night.
"It's a bummer I never had that
sweet victory moment in the Pit
where I'm crying tears of joy and
frat boys are surrounding me and
pouring beer over my head," said
Lam. "But a victory is a victory and
I'm happy regardless. I'm definitely
looking forward to working with
different senators."
Those other senators are
Samantha So, Kaidie Williams,
Lina Castro and incumbent Nick
Dawson. So also was named VP
Academic and University Affairs.
The image of tears of joy
and overflowing beer is an apt
description of what followed the
other victors over the course of the
announcements that evening. To
no surprise, unopposed candidate
Louis Retief won VP Finance, at
which point he announced that
the first thing he was going to do is
"have a couple more beers and just
have a fucking good time with the
new execs."
Electing those with previous
ties to the executive positions
seemed to be the theme of the
night. Chris Scott — a new transfer
student to UBC, but one who
got heavily involved right away
as the vice-chair of the Student
Administrative Committee — took
home the title of VP Administration
despite strong competition from
Alan Ehrenholz, EUS president.
"I was not expected to win, I
don't think, and it was all thanks
to them," said Scott, referencing
his team of peers who helped his
campaign. "I've been working
behind the scenes for a long time so
it's nice to finally be able to take the
executive position."
Kathleen Simpson, also with
more direct involvement within the
executive portfolio that she was
running for, took home the title of
VP External. Simpson pulled off a
strong performance in the Great
Debate and, on results night, said
that she worked through the fear
of doing classroom announcements
until they no longer made her
nervous.
The VP races were also won by
large margins each time, although
the abstention rate — while normal
for VP races — was much higher, at
around 30 per cent.
The breakdown of votes and
proportion of the student body who
casted a ballot has now been made
public. 1
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GOVERNANCE//
Big BoG problems: it's not just UBC
Ever wonder how governance at other univeristies looks?
LLUSTRATION JULIAN YU /THE UBYSSEY
Sruthi Tadepalli
Senior Staff Writer
UBCs Board of Governors has been
intensely scrutinized the last few
months, facing accusations of a lack
of transparency, accountability and
oversight. These problems have led
to calls for an external review of the
Board of Governors and outrage from
students and faculty.
In light of this, we decided to take
a look at UBCs governance structure
as a whole and how it measures up to
other universities in Canada. What
we found was that most universities
share the same structure, several also
have problems with transparency
and accountability and even the one
thaf s different still has its share of
issues.
To begin with, UBCs Board of
Governors (BoG) is responsible
for the business side of running
a university. In broad terms, this
means the board is responsible
for overseeing the management,
administration, business, property
and revenue of the university.
On the other hand, academic
affairs are under the jurisdiction
of the senate. This is known as a
"bicameral" system, in which one
group is responsible for business
affairs and another for academic.
The bicameral system used by UBC
is the fundamental system used by
every other public degree-granting
university in Canada, excluding the
University of Toronto.
The majority of the BoG are
appointed to their post by the
provincial government. In BC, the
board's composition and general
objectives are mandated by the BC
University Act. This Act mandates
that UBCs Board of Governors
have 21 members — 10 elected and
11 appointed.
The people appointed to the
BoG by the provincial government
are usually distinguished by their
success in business and have
often donated generously to the
political party in power at the time
of their appointment. Their job,
once appointed, is supposed to
be working in the best interests
of the university — the province
picks those who they feel have the
experience to do so.
"The goal is to find individuals
who have the necessary managerial
expertise to look after a $2 billion
budget... and to look out for the
interests of the university as a
whole, whether it be in teaching,
research or in societal service such
as in training health professionals,"
Andrew Wilkinson, minister of
higher education for BCs provincial
government, told The Ubyssey in
February.
The lieutenant Governor in
Council may remove an appointed
member at any time. If a two-thirds
majority of the members of the board
vote to remove a member of the
board, the Governor in Council may
remove them. The removal of a board
member is currently unheard of.
Notice of Development Permit Application - DP 16007
Public Open House
Dentistry Courtyard Public Realm Improvements
Join us on Thursday, March 10 to view and comment on the proposed Dentistry Courtyard
Public Realm Improvement project.
Thursday,March10,2016 11:30 AM-1:00 PM
rer Lobby, P.A. Woodward Instructional Resources Centre, 2194 Health Sciences Mall
versity Endowment Lands
WesbrookMal
11
to Strangw^,
J? f Subject
Site B § Friedman Site
JB Macdonald
DH
Copp
Detwiller
Location
Purdy
Med  W^w^-^cal
Sciences   Library
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Plans will be displayed for the redesign of
4,632m2of public realm space bordered by the
Friedman and J.B. MacDonald buildings ; UBC
Hospital; and P.A. Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre.
Representatives from the project team and
Campus + Community Planning will be on hand
to discuss and answer questions about this
project.
For further information:
Please direct questions to Karen Russell,
Manager, Development Services
karen.russell@ubc.ca   604-822-1586
This event is wheelchair accessible.
Can't attend in person? Online feedback will be accepted until March 17, 2016.
To learn more or to comment on this project, please visit:
planning.ubc.ca/vancouver/proiects-consultations
This notice contains important information which may affect you. Please ask someone to translate it for you.
££!#Sls|| 3. 3J#tHs|s.4
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a place of mind
THE  UNIVERSITY OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA
campus+community planning
"That would be very unusual
circumstances. I cannot contemplate
that being the case at UBC," said
Wilkinson. In fact, Christy Clark was
asked on her visit to UBC after the
documents pertaining to Guptagate
were released whether or not she
plans to remove any BoG members —
her answer was no.
Once the Board of Governors is
appointed, the government does not
have a role in the governance of the
university.
"There's a well-established
arrangement for university and
board governance in our society
and more particularly in British
Columbia. [The board] has a
fiduciary duty for looking after the
interests of the university, and we
respect that role and we leave it in
their capable hands," said Wilkinson.
For the most part the bicameral
system is one shared by every major
university in Canada — Queen's,
Simon Fraser University, Dalhousie,
McGill and Western, to name just
a few. However slight differences
exist between the specifics of
appointments and die role of the
provincial government, leading
to some surface-level differences
between them.
For example, in the University
of Northern BC (UNBC)'s system
of governance, their president and
Board of Governors appoint their
chancellor. While UBCs chancellor
is elected by its alumni, UNBC
decided its alumni pool was too
small to make this a viable option.
The latest appointment at UNBC has
become highly controversial.
James Moore, UNBC's new
chancellor, was very recently
minister of industry with the
Conservative government and
gained an association with budget
cuts and fiscal restraint — in light of
this, his appointment has received a
lot of pushback from the community.
According to William Bruneau, past
Faculty Association (FA) president
and professor emeritus in UBCs
Faculty of Education Studies, none of
this matters as much as the fact that
this appointment was done privately,
with no consultation of the broader
community of UNBC. He also notes
that such a lack of communication is
the norm for the Board of Governors.
"When you look at the December
BoG minutes for UBC, the minutes
are public but there is a lot that's not
said. Part of the meeting is always in-
camera, private. Typically that has to
do with personnel decisions and real
estate. Well, my goodness me, those
happen to be the crucial decisions —
the ones that matter the most," said
Bruneau. "The very ones you'd like
to be public are private."
It is not uncommon to hear
UBCs Board of Governors criticized
for their lack of connection to or
understanding of academic life.
However, in this area, universities
in Quebec fare far worse. When Bill
38 was passed in 2010, the influence
of faculty members and student
representatives was reduced in all
ten provincially-run universities in
Quebec.
"They introduced business-style
management practices... which is
certainly not die way I'd like it to go,"
said Bruneau.
There is only one university that
does not use the bicameral system in
Canada — the University of Toronto.
U of T has a Governing Council,
which is a "unicameral" system that
basically combines the Senate and
the Board of Governors.
The biggest difference between
U of T and UBCs own Board of
Governors is in representation
numbers. Students hold eight seats
—16 per cent, comparable to the 14
percent of seats held by students at
UBC — while provincially-appointed
members hold 16 seats, or 32 per
cent, significantiy less than the
52 per cent held by provincially-
appointed governors at UBC.
U of T did not always have this
system of governance — it was
established by the 1971 University of
Toronto Act in response to student
protests in the late 1960s.
"The board was very conservative
and very averse to any attempts by
the university to deal with student
protests. [Then-president Claude]
Bissel was shocked by what he saw
and decided to do something," said
the Assistant University Archivist
at the University of Toronto, Harold
Averill.
However, even assigning joint
responsibility to a large governing
body containing members from the
academic and business sides of the
university has been shown to have
its issues. Committees are of vital
importance with a council so huge,
and the University of Toronto has
one that deals with financial matters.
"Everybody at U of T complains
just as much as they do here about
the secretiveness of the finance, real
estate and personnel committee. But
some of it has to be private — it just
has to," said Bruneau.
According to Averill, the sheer
size of the Governing Council is a
sticking point, as it makes the body
"in some ways a bit unwieldy."
Still, in Bruneau's opinion, U of
T's system may still have some
advantages over UBCs.
"I'll give you an example that
makes me think that U of T may be
a little bit ahead of UBC in terms
of transparency. Every contract that's
over $50,000 is available online
at U of T. So if the University
of Toronto makes a contract
with someone — a consultant, a
company — that's over $50,000, it
will immediately be online," said
Bruneau. "You can get it at UBC
too, if you're patient. But too often
it involves going [through] FOI
requests."
Accountability and
transparency are not issues specific
to UBCs BoG. However, the
problems we're seeing now might
be symptomatic of wider issues
with the systems of governance
available to universities.
The current system focuses
on allowing efficiency, and
decreasing the risk for conflict
of interest in people appointed
to the board. However, placing
too much emphasis on these two
parts can lead to unacceptable
compromises of transparency and
accountability.
"Boards are quite right to want
to get the most bang for their
buck. I want that too — I'm a
taxpayer too," said Bruneau. "But I
would never want it at the expense
of a really good quality education
for students and first-rate research
at the highest possible level — that
is even more important to me." ^ // CULTURE
EDITOR OLIVIA LAW
TUESDAY, MARCH 8,2016
ANTHROPOLOGY//
MoA exhibit shows generations
of art, culture and stories
The carving style has been passed down through generations.
= HOTO COURTESY KYLA BAILEY
Sophie Sutcliffe
Senior Staff Writer
In the Footprint of the Crocodile
Man, the latest exhibit at UBCs
Museum of Anthropology, opened
to the public on Tuesday night.
The exhibition uses the art of the
Iatmul people of the Sepik River
in Papua New Guinea to examine
their history, culture and stories.
As well, the exhibit focuses on the
damage caused by logging and
mining by highlighting the risks
that the Frieda mine pose to the
Iatmul's culture, economy and
way of life.
The exhibit primarily featured
wooden sculptural works carved
by Iatmul men. The carving style
had been passed down through
generations with all the artists
having learned to carve at a young
age from family members. The
majority of the pieces featured in
the exhibit were not intended to
be kept in the home or used for
a ceremonial reason, but were
instead pieces created to satisfy
the art market. For this reason,
the pieces — while building on
earlier works — are not copies and
must convey emotions and deeper
meanings while still serving their
purpose of retelling the stories
of the Iatmul people, which
are passed on orally through
generations.
Due to their cultural purpose,
some of the carvings featured
in the exhibit are accompanied
by an explanation of the
cultural practice that the work
is depicting, giving a unique
insight into the traditions
of the Iatmul people. One of
these explanations described
the practice of ritual scarring
of the Iatmul men to imitate
the pattern of crocodile skin,
stemming from the belief in
ancestral ties to the crocodiles.
"He is brought to the Spirit
House by his uncle who supports
him as he lies across an upturned
canoe whilst a village leader
uses a razor blade to cut a design
on his back that emulates the
marks of a crocodile," explained
Belden Minjan, a carver from the
Palembei village. "The blood that
runs out is his mother's blood
and when the cutting is finished,
he is totally separated from his
mother and has become a man.
Now he is a crocodile man."
Other carvings are
accompanied by written
descriptions of the story that the
carving is depicting, providing
an interesting background of
the art and the people who have
created it.
Another prominent feature
of the exhibit is the multimedia
screens, which have videos of
the Iatmul people creating their
art, talking about their culture
and also detailing the potential
environmental harm faced by
the area. Among these, the most
noticeable is a video showing
the Iatmul women as they go
through the process of weaving
baskets, displayed behind their
art.
The art in the gallery was
also accompanied by various
photographs featuring the Sepik
river, which display both the
environmental and cultural
aspects of the region. One of
these photos displayed near
Minjan's work and description
is a photograph of the crocodilelike scarification patterns of one
Iatmul man.
The exhibit's blending of the
art of the Iatmul people with the
photographs and videos of the
region provided a unique insight
into both the environment
and culture of the Sepik river,
highlighting the importance
of preserving the Iatmul's
culture and way of life despite
commercial interests in the area.
In the Footprint of the
Crocodile Man is currently
displayed at the UBC Museum of
Anthropology and will be open
until January 31, 2017. 'tJ
AWARDS //
3CREENSHOT VIA FACEBOOK
The Tenors sold over 10,000 records before signing with their label.
Music grads recognized at Junos
Olivia Law
Culture Editor
The Juno Awards are Canada's
Grammys. They are presented
annually in spring to Canadian
musical artists to acknowledge
their artistic achievements in all
aspects of music. This year, the
ceremonies are at the beginning
of April and four UBC alumni are
nominated in various categories.
Cris Derksen, who graduated
from her Bachelor of Music
in 2007, is nominated for
Instrumental Album of the
Year for her electric cello work
Orchestral Powwow. Half Cree
and half Mennonite, Derksen
was born in northern Alberta and
was the Symphony Orchestra's
principal cello at UBC.
"As soon as I graduated, I
stepped away from classical
[study] entirely and focused on
electric cello," she said. "I'm
influenced by everything — the
sounds of nature and the hip hop
beats. I'm also interested in my
own heritage. It's hard to genre-
define it."
Orchestral Powwow is
Derksen's third studio album
and returns to her roots -
both her classical background
and Aboriginal foundation.
In collaboration with Tribal
Spirit, a contemporary powwow
recording label, Derksen
composed chamber music-
style symphonic works around
powwow pieces which she
accessed from Tribal Spirit's
library.
"I wanted to put those two
sides of my upbringing together
into one idea, so that's exactly
what it is," she said. "Orchestral
Powwow - it's symphonic
works with powwow drums and
powwow singers."
Two UBC alumni are
nominated in the same category
- Classical Composition of the
Year. Michael Oesterle (BMus
'92) was born in Germany and is
nominated for his contemporary-
classical piece Centennials.
John Burge, (DMA '89) has
also been nominated for his
piano quartet.
"The piece is romantic, it's
20th century, it's modern, it's
expressive," he said. "It's a big
piece."
For a piece of chamber music,
the quartet has a remarkable
orchestral sound to it, but allows
for the players to maintain the
sense of intimacy in the small
group.
"I have the advantage in this
ensemble that the performers
are wonderful virtuosos on their
instruments. The goal is to get
beyond the technical challenges
to actually make music happen,"
he said. "I love writing chamber
music because it's just so intimate.
You don't have to make nearly
as many compromises as you do
when writing for a large ensemble.
It's more direct."
Finally, Fraser Walters (BMus
'03) has been nominated for
Contemporary Album of the Year
with his a cappella quartet, The
Tenors, for Under One Sky — an
album that mixes popular covers
and arrangements with original
pieces. Walters began writing the
title track as a theme for the Pan
Am Games, reflecting on his own
experience on Canada's national
track and field team in the early
2000s.
"We're pretty excited about the
record," he said. "The title track is
an original song that we wrote and
it sort of points to the fact that our
songwriting was highly featured on
this album."
However, it is not only original
compositions that make up the
album. Listeners can expect to hear
Leonard Cohen, Bob Dylan and
Bill Withers — among others — on
the album, with The Tenors' own
contemporary spin.
"It's awesome to have such a
range of colours available with a
range like this in the group. We're
honoured to be nominated among
such incredible Canadian talent,"
said Walters on his nomination
category that includes Canadian
greats such as Diana Krall and
Johnny Reid.
The ceremonies are April 3 in
Calgary and will be broadcast on
CTV.ti
STUDENT
ESSAY
CONTEST
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$1,500
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2016 Topic
Small Change - Big Impact:
Improving Quality of Life One Policy Change at a Time
SUBMISSION DEADLINE: JUNE 1,2016
For complete contest details, visit:
StudentEssayContest.org
FRASER
INSTITUTE
For more information contact the Education Programs
department at student@fraserinstitute.org or by phone
at 1 -800-665-3558 ext. 538. \m\ J CULTURE    I    TUESDAY, MARCH 8, 2016
THEATRE //
Dogfight A musical that'll leave you reeling
Katharina Friege
Contributor
Three friends taking out three
women as part of a wager sounds
like the familiar beginning of a
comedy of errors. Even though this
is the premise for Dogfight, this
musical is no light-hearted comedy
- instead it carries heavy issues at
its core.
The plot follows a group of
marines who are spending their
final night before deployment to
Vietnam partying in San Francisco.
"Here are these young marines
thinking, 'Oh, we're going to go
off to war. It's going to be a blast,'"
said Matt Montgomery, who plays
a soldier named Stevens. But that's
not what happens at all.
Based on the 1991 film of the
same name, the soldiers compete to
bring the ugliest or most awkward
date to a "dogfight" party on their
final night. One of the marines,
Birdlace, falls in love with his date
as the night progresses. When he
returns from Vietnam some years
later, he is greatly disillusioned by
war and his former dreams of glory.
Dogfight was adapted for the
stage in 2012 with music and lyrics
by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul. It
was performed in Vancouver in
2015 and won five Ovation awards,
including Outstanding Community
Production (small theatre) and
Outstanding Direction. It returns
this year for five performances at
Pacific Theatre under the helm
of Chris Lam, who is returning as
director.
This year, it is being brought
back to the stage in an entirely new
format.
"Every time you do a show,
it's completely new," said Mark
Dazlow, who plays a soldier named
Bernstein. "This time around, it's
been really cool for seeing what
comes out of the material just in
terms of raw delivery."
The set, designed by UBC
theatre production graduate
Carolyn Rapanos, is a very
minimalistic one. It revolves around
six multi-purpose stools, which
can depict a bus one minute and a
restaurant the next. With the help
of hints in the script, the shifting
postures of the actors' bodies and
lighting techniques, the audience
is able to come to their own
conclusion about where a scene is
taking place.
"It's a little bit more avant-
garde ... people actually have to
think," said Montgomery. "We're
telling you a story, not putting on
a show," he added. "It's a lot more
grounded and just raw."
The story being told is set
in 1963, during an era of overt
sexism, racism and misogyny,
but also one with an underlying
force of great change. Despite its
era-specific narrative structure,
=OSTER COURTESY DOGFIGHT
The musical returns to the Pacific Theatre for just five performances.
Dogfight tackles a host of very
contemporary social issues.
"Everyone should see [the
show] because it brings up things
that need to be addressed," said
Dazlow. "It's definitely important
to see those things and to see how
far we've come since the 1960s
[...] but then also see what still is
going on."
With brilliant contemporary
music, a tough political message
and the intimate atmosphere of
live theatre, Dogfight doesn't pull
any punches and is certainly not a
musical to be missed.'M
ANNIVERSARY//
Celebrating 100 years of theatre with more theatre
People line up to see a spring play by the U BC Players, 1921.
= HOTO COURTESY UBC ARCHIVE
Kelly Lu
Contributor
UBC Players have invited
audiences through everything from
a magical wishing well to talk, to
a famous homicidal ghost in their
Centennial Celebration theatre
festival, film and gala event.
Home Fire Burning is the first
solo work written by Heidi Elric
based on Charles Duncan who - like
many others - was sent to fight in
World War I and never returned.
The piece follows the three children
of Charles Duncan — who is played
by Garth Barriere, a UBC alumni
and a founding member of the
UBC Players Club — as they travel
through a magical portal to learn
about the unfortunate fate of their
father.
Genie Duncan (Kimberley
Hornaday) has a fiery temper and is
the first of the Duncan children to
learn about the secret of the wishing
well after dropping a penny for her
father's safe return. Clare (Danika
Enad) and Earnest (Matt Rhodes)
soon join their sibling Genie on this
journey.
Elric stirs up nostalgia and
celebrates UBCs 100th birthday
by carefully selecting the Duncan
children's destinations to be the first
plays ever produced by UBC Players
Club. These destinations included
Fanny and the Servant Problem
in which Charles Duncan actually
played the doctor in the very first
production, Alice Sit by the Fire
and lastly The Importance of Being
Earnest.
Genie is the most troubled
of the Duncan children and
struggles with defining her role
and responsibilities when her
father leaves for war. Fanny shares
similar struggles with the societal
expectations and rules like Genie is.
A parallel is drawn between the two
ladies as they both question what
and who defines their existence.
Fanny acts as Genie's inner voice
and comes back to help her through
her grief. The tending fire that
glows brightly in the background
through the travel acts as the tether
to home and reality.
Home Fire Burning is an
excellent play that instills a sense
of nostalgia and imagination that
can be shared by the audience. Elric
seamlessly wove three stories into
her play and cleverly demonstrated
her talent for exposition and
writing.
Divine Monsters is a humorous
and dark play written by Elena
Kaufman. The play has a small cast
of two people and a few invisible
ghostly forces. Martha (Shona
Struthers) is a suicidal Canadian
musician who was just betrayed
by her lover and feels tired of life.
Sarah Bernhardt (Amelia Ross) is a
dead ghost who longs to live again
and is willing to manipulate and use
Martha to achieve her means.
This play is about a clash of
times and Kaufman skillfully
explores the age gap between
Martha, the 21st-century girl, and
Sarah Bernhardt (1844-1923), the
finest actress of the times who goes
by the nickname of "Divine Sarah."
While Martha truly befriends her
new ghostly friend and confides
with Sarah about her problems
and why she wants to die, Sarah
is plotting to switch places with
Martha to live and be famous
again.
The two share candid moments
of exchanging secrets and singing,
but Sarah's selfish desire to use
Martha is echoed throughout the
play.
Phones and modern slang run
through the dialogue to provide the
majority of the entertainment in the
play. Kaufman really emphasizes
the naiveties of Sarah with regards
to the modern world. Martha
teaches her new friend about
Facebook, technology, societal
changes and new expectations in
the modern world. Despite their
differences, Martha and Sarah
share songs that connect the two
times and two cultures together.
The singing also displays the
excellence of the actresses involved.
Divine Monsters is an
exceptional play that explores
the serious issue of suicide in a
comical exchange with a famous
ghost. Kaufman did an excellent job
portraying the divine monster and
Martha.
The centennial celebration
includes a wonderful cast of actors
and commendable efforts from the
directors and stage crew. 'M
How to live an
Instagrammable Life
LLUSTRATION SOPHIA SLOAN/THE UBYSSEY
If you don't hashtag.it didn't happen.
Elysse Bell
Food columnist
These days, it seems like the
phrase "photos or it didn't happen"
can apply to just about any
daily banality - getting dressed,
eating or going for a walk. All
of these activities and more can
be documented in amateurish,
pixelated glory with a shaky tap of a
finger on a smartphone screen. But
Instagram wouldn't be Instagram
if we were satisfied with darkly-lit,
blurry photos of sunsets. The ranks
of the cultural elite - the Instagram
famous - spend hours each day
cultivating their aesthetic. Don't
have the time for that? Here's how
to live an Instagrammable lifestyle
instead so that any given moment of
your life can be captured in square
format, like-generating splendour.
Obtain a pet. Depending on
your desired aesthetic, you might
consider a majestic rare-breed
dog or a cat who lounges on things
that you happen to want to show
off. Or you could court likes by
joining the many communities
of pet owners with a well-placed
#iguanasofinstagram. Even if you're
not doing anything interesting,
you've got a guaranteed photo
subject 24/7.
Only buy weathered, used
furniture or furniture that's not
really supposed to be furniture-like
driftwood that's been "reclaimed"
into a highly uncomfortable
bench. The only exception is your
countertops — these should be the
highest-quality, darkest grey you
can find and they should practically
absorb light so that anything you
photograph upon them looks like a
Renaissance-style portrait.
Take up an obscure hobby.
Preferably one with janky tools
and equipment or — even better —
something that's been outdated for
at least half a century. Photograph
the tools laid out neatly on your
gnarled wood dining room table
and you're good to go. Bonus points:
you'll probably only be able to find
the equipment at a thrift store or
flea market - voila! More photo
subjects.
Only eat things that can be
artistically splayed onto artisanal
toast Sorry, oatmeal is now out of
the question unless you can scatter
the ingredients onto a board in
natural light.
Develop nice handwriting. A
messy, but still-legible, scrawl will
do.
Swap all the lightbulbs in your
home with tinted bulbs so that
photos are pre-filtered. Bonus: you
can still hashtag #nofilter and this
time it'll be TRUE.
Make a habit of arranging all
things into neat rows or repetitive
patterns. Now photograph the
things. Goooood.
If all else fails, hire a
professional photographer and/
or branding agency to follow you
around at all times. If it comes to
this, what can you do? It's a tough
job, but someone's got to do it. 'M // SCIENCE
EDITOR KOBY MICHAELS
TUESDAY, MARCH 8,2016
ANTHROPOCENE //
Humans are driving evolution around the world
From a small lake in BC researchers are learning how humans are affecting evolution.
Arianna Leah Fischer
Staff Writer
The proposition that we have now
moved into an epoch known as the
Anthropocene — where the Earth's
geology and ecosystems are being
significantly impacted by human
activities — is being more widely
accepted throughout the scientific
community. New research from
UBC on two species of the three
spine stickleback further supports
this transition.
All species in an ecosystem
occupy a specific role, known as a
niche. One of the two species fed
near the shore, the other out in open
water. The arrival of the crayfish
sent this once-peaceful ecosystem
into imbalance and what has
happened to — or rather between
— these two species left scientists
vexed. Instead of completely
disappearing, the species began
reproducing with each other at a
high frequency, leaving behind a
new hybrid species. This is a process
known as reverse speciation. Shortly
after humans introduced crayfish
to a lake in BC, the two three spine
stickleback species went extinct...
sort of.
"It's kind of like mixing two
colours of paint," said Seth Rudman,
a PhD student at UBCs department
of zoology. "So you have red and
blue, they're separate. And all of
the sudden when they start to bleed
together, you end up with purple."
Rudman and his team
have documented how this
-LUSTRATION MARY BUCKLAND/THE UBYSSEY
transformation from the two three
spine stickleback species into a
hybrid has impacted the ecosystem
and have published their findings in
Current Biology.
But this goes beyond our
small lake in BC — this is a global
phenomenon.
"There's just a massively growingj
number of cases. In the last four
years alone, there have been a dozen
cases of reverse speciation, all of
which have had human impacts
behind them."
Beautiful antelopes in South
Africa that attract tourists from all
over the world are now hybridizing.
Island populations that used to be
separate have begun interbreeding,
like certain ducks from New
Zealand. The declining population
of wolves has led them to mate with
coyotes. Environments are much
more connected due to human
activities, leading to a massive
increase in gene flow.
The new interconnectedness
of populations caused by human
activities is leading to a decrease in
our planet's biodiversity. A lot of the
younger species that are still able
to mate with other similar species
are being swamped out. Rudman
believes that each species holds
an intrinsic value to the ecosystem
they inhabit. They represent a
unique biodiversity.
Canada itself has fallen victim
of reverse speciation on several
occasions. A lot of its biodiversity,
specifically in fish, is similar to
the stickleback. Canada has been
covered in glaciers up until 12,000
years ago. This makes its fish
populations very young and still
able to exchange genes with one
another. Fish like the Westslope
cutthroat trout and the regular
cutthroat trout, when brought
into contact with each other or if
the environment is disturbed, can
hybridize.
"It's a particularly vexing
situation for Canadian biodiversity.
This reverse speciation is
something that people haven't been
looking at for very long. It's hard to
know if it's happened unless you're
watching."
Perhaps it is time for us
to consider evolution in our
conservation efforts before too
much of our planet's biodiversity
is gone. '21
ADDICTION //
Flashing lights, loud noises and rat casinos
The research helps explain why games like Candy Crush are so hard to put down.
Emilie Kneifel
Contributor
Why on earth is Candy Crush so
addictive? Michael Barrus, a PhD
candidate in UBCs department
of psychology, and Catharine
Winstanley, associate professor
in the department of psychology,
just published a study that may
offer some insight into what makes
games like Candy Crush so hard to
put down.
In Barrus and Winstanley's
study, rats participated in a
gambling game based off of the
human-sized Iowa Gambling
Task. In this task, rats are given
four different options — two of
which are risky and result in less
sugar pellets over time, and two
of which are conservative and
result in more sugar pellets over
time. In 2009, Winstanley and her
team published a study — the first
animal laboratory experiment
to successfully model human
gambling — showing that, after
some trial and error, rats, like
humans, adopt a safe strategy and
opt for conservative choices.
By comparing their rats'
environments with real casino
machines, however, Winstanley
and Barrus realized that they
were forgetting something crucial
— sound and light stimulation.
Thus, as all great science does,
= HOTO COURTESY MICHELE URSINO/FLICKR
this new study began with a
question: "Should we make
a super cute version of the
gambling task?"
As silly as it felt at first to
add tones and flashing lights to
their experiment, Barrus and
Winstanley encountered some
shocking results.
"When we added the cues, the
behaviour shifted. It was a really
big shift towards risky choice."
The shift to reckless gambling
was larger than the effects
they've seen in the same task with
psycho-stimulant drugs.
When the researchers
introduced a class of drugs that
blocks the D3 dopamine receptor
— which has been linked to
addiction — things got even more
interesting. These drugs didn't
affect rats in a normal setting, but
they did have an effect on rats in
the environment with light and
sound. These rats stopped making
impulsive gambling decisions.
Not only did the the sensory
cues increase risky decisionmaking, they also caused the rats'
brains to "recruit [the] whole
signalling pathway" associated
with addiction. This finding
creates possibilities for treating
gambling addiction, but it also has
broader implications beyond just
gambling and addiction research.
"It is just another example of
how the cues in your environment
could be shaping your behaviour
in ways that you don't always
realize," said Winstanley. "Your
common sense tells you that the
visual cues present in our world
may just be orienting cues. But
when we did the study ... we
found that [they were] actually
changing rats' decision making."
The response to the study has
made Winstanley hyper-aware of
how such stimuli affect anything
from buying stocks to playing
video games. "I certainly now
look at my own behaviour." Alas,
even though she is completely
aware that "it's just things
exploding, pretty colours and is
not cognitively challenging at all,"
Winstanley reluctantly admitted
that she recently began playing
Bejeweled and that she just can't
seem to stop. 'M
ENVIRONMENT //
Is spring early
this year?
= ILE PHOTO GEOFF LISTER/THE UBYSSEY
Climate change strikes again.
Taisha Mitchell
Contributor
Is it spring already? With flowers
in bloom and a week of sunshine,
it sure feels like it.
"There is a lot of evidence
from all over the world — but
particularly in the Northern
hemisphere and around our
latitude — that springs are
becoming earlier. Not only can
we see that in temperature data,
but also in the timing of when
plants flower in the timing of
peak water flow in rivers and
also, indirectly, when farmers
plant crops," comments Simon
Donner, associate professor in
the department of geography.
As the planet warms, largely
due to human activity, we
will see warmer and earlier
springs. Donner mentioned
that, in February, the average
temperature has been a degree or
two greater than normal and that
these warm winter and spring
temperature trends are likely to
be more common in the future.
Although we may appreciate
warm, sunny days in February,
increasingly warm winter
temperatures may have serious
impacts in the future.
"One of the big worries of
a warmer winter is the lag-
effect it has on the rest of the
year. If the winter is a little bit
warmer, it means that a lot of
the precipitation that usually
falls as snow on the mountains
is going to be falling as rain. If
that happens, the time of the
year in which the river flow and
soil moisture levels peak ends
up being earlier in the year.
Then that has an influence on
plant growth in the summer ...
and a huge impact on the water
available for our use."
Donner suggests that not
only should we be planning
for a warmer future, but also
seriously considering reductions
in greenhouse gas emissions and
prompting both local and federal
governments to take action.
So enjoy the flowers and
warm weather, but heed the
warning and maybe walk to
school instead of driving a few
times a week. 'M 8  I   SCIENCE
TUESDAY, MARCH 8. 2016
TRADITIONAL HEALING//
First Nations clay may ami medicine to fight drug resistance
Staph araeWood
Contributor
UBC research has found that
Kisameet Bay clay, found on the
central BC coast and used as
medicine by the Heiltsuk Nation for
generations, is able to kill drug-
resistant bacterial infections. The
clay c annot be u se d inhospital s
yet since itis an ill- define d| natural
product. How does this natural
treatment work and what is the next
step to u sing the clay clinic ally?
This researchhas garnered
lots of attention due to the clay's
ability to kill a particular group of
drug-resistant bacteri al infectl cms
called the ES RAPE p athogens. The
acronym describes six species of
bacteria that "escape" all antibiotic
treatment and le ad to incre ased
illness and mortality in hospitals
around the world.
Antibiotic re si stance has
increased for variou s re as cms.
Professor Emeritus Julian Dawes,
who led re search on the clay in
UBCS department of microbiology
and immunology, attributed
increasing resistance partially to the
use of antibiotics on farm animals.
The drugs are used to increase
animal meat pr oduction and are thus
introduced to consumers' systems.
He alsopcdnts out over-
prescription with some hospital
patients being pre scribed antibiotics
before infection evenforms. This
preventative effort actually pr ovi de s
more opportunity for drug resistant
infections to develop contributing
to the incre asingly desperate nee d to
combat drug re sistant infections.
"Ju st when you think you have
something under stood, the bugs
come up with something differenti"
Davie-; mu^ed.
The clay has been wed forge re ratio re by First Nations but science is Jjststartingto discover its medfcinal pro penes.
Kisameet clay is all the more
incredible since the substance itself
remains amystery.
"It's a very complex structurei"
asserted Davies. Itis built from
different-sized particles with
different pr oper ties.
The comp ositicm of the clay
remains unknown as well as its
tcxicity and preci sely why it works.
The clay is currently being analyzed
by Loretba Ld, a professor in UBCs
department of civil engjneeringito
determine its properties. Until that
tine i the clay cannot be u se d as
clinically- approved tre atnent.
Davies maintains his optimism
that the clay is not toxic because the
Heiltsuk have e aten and applie d the
clay to tre at various maladies for
ye ar s. The clay was even mode stly
use din Vancouver during World
War II when there was a shortage of
antibiotics i according to Davies.
Ofcoursei Davies does not
pr opose patients e at r aw clay. In
the lab, Davies and two studentsi
Shekooh Behr oozi an and Sarah
Svermson, created aleachatefrom
the clay. Water was r otated with
the clay for several hours and the
particles were removedt leaving
a clear solution. This solution
successfully killed the pathogens.
Davies believes itis acombination
of metals and minerals intheclay
that disrupt the bacteria. The goal
is to discover the composition
and "make a synthetic blueprint"
which would be "a chemically -
defined product" that could be used
in hospitals. Until then, the clay
remains a naturopathic treatment)
whichmayperhapsbeused only in
desperatei otherwise fatal cases.
" There are fixe d ideas on
how to tre at disease S|" Davies
acknowledged. "Most [medical]
agencies don't want to use things
that are not understood!'
Als 0| the le achate has only been
tested in a lab.
"There is agreat difference
between lab experiments and clinical
testing," Davies asserted. However
he believes significant progress can
be made ever a few years.
FHOTOCC'JFlETL'LECF-LELU'Ff'IF:;
The Center for Disease Control
cites over 2 million illnesses and
23,00 0 de aths per year witbinthe
United States thst are due to all drug-
resistant infections. Concern for
ESEAPE pathogens is particularly
high in Europe and poorer countries.
Kisameet clay brings much-
needed innovation to fighting
antibiotic -re si stant p athogens.
The research also points to an
interesting discourse between
di stru ste d natur opathic
treatments and approved medical
treatments. This clay seems to
be a conjunction of the two with
a long traditional use among the
Heiltsuk and a scientific j ourney
that is just beginning. 19
DEVELOPMENT//
Babies can determine social dominance by group size
Ba b ies we le su rp nsed when s mallerg rou ps
Andrea Gonzalez
Start Writer
Anew study by researchers in UBCs
department of psychology has shown
that babies as young as six months
maybe much more conscious of
social dominance in relationships
than previou sly thought
Even at the tender age of six
months, b atrie s canunder stand that
individuals who are part of larger
social groups are socially dominant
to those in smaller groups i suggesting
that the babies maybe able to reason
of peo p le we re do mi nant ove r largerg rou ps
about complex s ocial c oncepts
within the first few months of life.
"In many social species such as
chimp anzeesi lions, hyenas, lions
and eveninsectsi we see apreference
towards being in bigger gr oup s
when they need to be protected?'
said AntheaPun, a graduate student
in the developmental psychology
program and lead author of the
study "We really were motivated by
this evoluti onary history to explore
whether babies are bom into the
world with seme sort of concept of
number and whether they are able to
L LUS! RM ION >UL Mil YV/I HE UBV5SEV
use that information to under stand
that being part of a larger group may
be advantageous to you?1
As part of the study, the
devel opmental p sychology re se arch
teaminthe Living Lab at Science
World explored whether infants
from families in the local community
can infer the dominance relationship
between two pe ople from groups
that differ in numerical size.
Babies were shown two different
novel social groups that they were
not familiar with, distinguished by
colour and how many members
were in each group. E ach gr oup
had the same goal of trying to cross
a platform. But because they were
coming from opposite directions, one
had to submit to the other by backing
away, which me ant that they were
the submissive character whereas
the dominant character was able to
pass successfully
Babies were then shown two
scenarios — one in which the
individual from the 1 arger gr oup
was able to get their way and cross
the platform, whereas the character
from the smaller group had to
submit. They were also then shown
an opposite scenario where the
individual from the smaller group
got to cros s the pathway.
"Because babies are still pre-
verbal at this age, we rely on their
lookingtimes — how longthey are
engaging with the stimulus in front
of them. When babies see something
that is unexpected or surprising
to them, they stay engaged for a
longer amount of time, re suiting in
a discrepancy if they are noticing
differences between an expected and
unexpected trial," said Pun.
It was found that babies locked
longer when a character from a
smaller group had to complete their
goal at the expense of the individual
from the larger group. Therefore,
babies expect characters from
larger groups to get their way and
to be more dominant compared to
individuals from smaller groups.
"The most fascinating thing is
that — although babies as young
as six months of age are still really
encompassed only by their family
— they already have seme sort of
pre-prepared learning about social
alliances;' said Pun. "The fact that
babies thought that there were better
advantages from the 1 arger gr oup
means that they are making seme
s art of connection between hew
many people [that] are there to back
you up in a social gr oup."
The babies recognized the
benefits of larger social circles even
if an individual is not the biggest or
stronge st in the group.
Pun hopes to c ontinue to
advance infantresearchto explore
babies' behavioural choices in social
situations and to understand the
kinds of human competencies and
abilities that may have a longer
evolutionary history.
"We have a number of questions
beyond the fact that it is fascinating
that babies understand social
dominance relationships this
young. Dobabies themselves want
to be part of theselarger groups
because they know that there c an
be some sort of advantage conferred
there? We re interested to see
whether babies themselves will
choose to be part of agroup that is
larger because perhaps they seethe
benefit in aligning with them." 19 //OPINIONS
EDITOR JACK HAUEN
TUESDAY, MARCH 8,2016
ADVICE //
Ask Natalie: I hate cooking for myself
NATALIE MORRIS
Advice
"Natalie,
I am already past my mid-20s and
still have no idea how to prepare
a decent meal. I just naturally
don't have the motivation nor
the interest in cooking and food
at all. What worries me is that
should my mom decide to step
back from cooking for the family
one day, disaster will strike. Is
there any way to really get me
learning something that's plain
dull and boring?"
You do realize how entitled you
sound right now right? You're
worried that your mother will stop
cooking and "disaster will strike"?
Honey, it already has. You're a
20-something grown-ass person
and it's about time you started
acting like it.
I hope you have a well-paying-
job because when you move
out, you're probably going to be
spending a lot of money on takeout and restaurants. That right
there is your reason to learn how to
feed yourself. If you want to live at
home and never learn any practical
skills, go ahead, but don't ask me to
justify it for you.
Cooking isn't "plain dull and
boring," and as someone who
wholly enjoys food, baking and
cooking, I don't get your reasoning
for not learning how to cook.
Google how to make some pasta
and cut your mom some slack.
"Dear Natalie,
I'm currently the most depressed
I've ever been since I've come to
UBC three years ago. I recently
found out that one of my
friends from first year, who I've
considered a close one as well,
slept with my ex-girlfriend not
even a week after we broke up.
Said ex is dead to me, but
I cannot believe that my
friend would do such a thing.
Moreover, I'm disgusted at
how our friend group has not
defended my rights in any way.
It feels like they've all taken his
side. I feel like I have no options
left but to leave this friend
group — and the worst part is
that I absolutely did nothing to
deserve any of this."
Before I say absolutely anything
else, I want you to know that
what your friend did was shitty.
You have the right to feel shitty
about the situation. You can even
be angry.
You're worried
that your mother will stop
cooking and
'disaster will
strike'? Honey,
it already has."
That said, exactly what
"rights" were your friends
supposed to defend? You
obviously are upset, but what else
are your friends supposed to do
other than comfort you? Defend
your honour? I mean, you were
broken up and what your friend
did was a douche move, but what
do you want them to do about
it? Cut off one of their friends
because they slept with one of
your exes? That's something
they may do if they decide to,
but that's not your "right" by any
stretch of the word.
Maybe this isn't what
happened, but it seems to me
that maybe the incident you're
upset about happened a while ago
and you just found out? Maybe
your friend group already knew
PHOTO JACK HAUEN/THE UBYSSEY
about it and already hashed that
out with this friend. You can't
force anyone to feel something,
including more indignant just
to make you feel better about
this situation. They may not be
reacting in the way you think they
should because they already did
and worked through it.
What I'm saying is that just
because your friends don't seem
like they are "defending your
rights," doesn't mean they don't
have your back. If you need a
break from your group, that's
valid. If you want to break it off
with them forever, that's your
choice, but don't blame them for
something your friend did. You
have options. One of them is to
cool down for a bit.
"Dear Natalie,
I'm worried that one of my
roommates is becoming too
attached to my cat. I'm moving
out at the end of the term and
I'm (obviously) taking my cat
with me. I'm worried it's going
to upset her."
This is one of those times you
should have a conversation with
your roommate no matter how
awkward it may seem. Just bring
up that you've noticed how close
she and your cat were getting and
remind her gently that the cat is
coming with you. Chances are she
just loves cats (who can blame
her) and she's getting her time in
with it before you leave.
Just in case though, make sure
you have all your paper records
showing that the cat belongs
to you. Look into getting your
cat microchipped if you haven't
already. It's better to be way over-
prepared than to have to scramble
in the middle of a move to prove
you own your own cat. TJ
Need advice? Contact Natalie
anonymously at asknatalie@
ubyssey.ca and have your questions
answered in an upcoming issue.
COUNCIL//
AMS Decoded: March 9
VIETVU
Contributor
Every few weeks, your student
government spends a Wednesday
night to talk about a bunch of
things. In most cases, what we talk
about won't affect a students' day-
to-day activity, but there are always
a few tidbits that might interest
you. Here's what to watch out for
in the upcoming AMS Council
meeting on Wednesday, March 9,
2016.
Election results
If you haven't heard, the AMS
just had elections. The student
body successfully passed the
U-Pass referendum with 97 per
cent approval, agreed to bring
back the Gallery with 81 per cent
approval, decided to double the
World University Service Canada
(WUSC) fee, and introduced a new
Arts and Culture Fee, among other
questions. The two referendum
questions that didn't pass were the
$4.20 increase in AMS membership
fees and the referendum question
on referendums. AMS Council will
be voting to accept these election
results on Wednesday, after a
presentation by the Elections
Administrator.
Transit policy
It's no secret that the VP External
office has been working diligently
over the past many years on a
Broadway subway line and other
transit issues that affect students.
With the previous transit policy
expiring and the federal budget
coming out soon, Council will be
discussing the new and reviewed
transit policy. This policy will direct
the AMS External office to advocate
for a rapid rail system for the
Broadway corridor.
Divestment policy
Another policy that will come to
AMS Council this Wednesday is
the divestment policy. Recently,
the Board of Governors failed to
divest its fossils fuel shares in the
university's investment plans. Once
approved, this policy will mean that
AMS takes the stance that UBC
should take all possible measures
to divest from existing fossils fuel
investments within five years, it
Viet Vu is a fifth-year Economics
major, AMS Councillor and current
chair of the Oversight Committee.
His views are his own and do not
necessarily represent those of the
AMS or the Vancouver School of
Economics Undergraduate Society.
ADVANCE SCREENING
Wednesday, March 9 7:00pm
10cloverfieldlane.com
Scotiabank Theatre
In Theatres March 11
Pick-Up your tickets ai
Room 2209 in the Nest! // SPORTS+REC
EDITOR KOBY MICHAELS
TUESDAY, MARCH 8,2016  HI
ATHLETES //
Words by 'Birds: Chocolate chips and swimming with a frenemy
m *.* *
*«■
Erin (right) and Tera (left) weren't always friends. But now they are both are graduating. Erin is done swimming competatively and Tera is training for Rio.
Erin Assman and Tera Van Beilen
UBC Thunderbirds Swimmers
Editors note: Erin Assman and Tera
Van Beilen are both fifth-year UBC
students and Thunderbirds who will
be graduating this spring. Erin just
competed in her last swim meet and
Tera is looking to compete in her
second Olympic games this summer
in Rio.
Flashback five years. If you told us
we would go to the same university,
we may have believed you. If you
told us we would be teammates, we
may have believed you. If you told
us we would be roommates and
best friends, we would have said,
"HELL NO."
Swimming is a small world,
you know most of the people you
race against. We raced against each
other basically our whole lives, one
of us just narrowly beating out the
other for the win. At the beginning
of high school, we started
swimming in the same group
for the Oakville Aquatic Club in
Oakville, Ontario. At the beginning,
we were friends — we had to
be. Club swimming means your
group is your built-in friends. You
celebrated birthdays, Christmas
and just about every other major
holiday and occasion with them.
We moved through high school and
began to find our own voices. This
is where we started to butt heads.
It would be polite to say that we
weren't the fondest of each other.
From locker room banter to our
individual competitive desire for
attention, we never saw eye-to-eye.
As high school started to come
to a close, university decisions
were upon us. We were both great
swimmers and could have chosen
almost any school in the United
States with a full ride. Instead, we
both made the bold decision to
stay in Canada and coincidentally
both choose to attend UBC and
become a beloved Thunderbird.
We became the talk of the town.
"Hey, did you hear Tera and Erin
both chose UBC? How will their
UBC teammates choose sides?"
"How is Vancouver going to handle
these two big personalities?" "Are
you SURE that's the best decision
for you?" We replied to these
questions with slight hesitation,
not sure ourselves how exactly
this new arrangement was going to
work out.
September of our rookie year
hit — we were cordial, of course.
It was always nice to see a familiar
face in passing, but honestly we
had no desire to actually hang out.
The occasional dinner with our
fellow rookie — Rebecca Terejko —
at the Vanier Caf was about as close
as we got. At this point, you may
be thinking, "I don't get it. They're
teammates, how did they not see
each other 10 times a week?" We
had different training schedules
since Tera was training towards the
Olympics at the National Training
Centre and Erin was training with
the varsity team. This was the kind
of setup that we had hoped for
when we originally both accepted
our offer to UBC.
Our first year flew by and we
were then left with the decision
of who we were going to live with
for our second year. Our original
living arrangements fell through
and as life sometimes goes, we
were forced to make the best out of
a "bad" situation. Tera Van Beilen
and Erin Assman of Oakville,
Ontario made the conscious
decision to live together. Here's our
story.
Through the eyes of Erin:
It was literally the day before
we had to have our roommate
preferences chosen. I had no
one on my request list. To say
I was stressed would be an
understatement. It wasn't that I
didn't want to meet new people,
I did and always do. When you're
training 30 hours a week for an
extremely demanding sport, you
don't exactly want your roommate
to be having a party until 2 a.m.
when you have practice at 5 a.m. I
knew Tera, Rebecca and Heather
MacLean were planning on living
together. They were the perfect fit
for each other — all very focused
on swimming, not huge partiers
and they all loved peanut butter. I
gathered the courage to Facebook
message the three of them and
make the request to live with them.
To my surprise, they messaged me
back with a yes.
Again, Tera and I became a
hot topic. LIVING TOGETHER?!
Were we crazy? My parents,
sister and friends were extremely
worried. They knew the history
between Tera and I and they really
just couldn't see how this living
arrangement could ever work
out for the best. I think they had
visions of us getting into a huge
fight ending in strangling each
other over whose cookies were
better. Side note: we both make
freaking fantastic cookies.
We moved into our apartment
in Gage towers about a month
after that fateful day and began
to realize that this arrangement
could really work. A few weeks
into living together, Tera came up
with our infamous name of "Core
Four" — let's just say it involved a
little alcohol, a parking lot rooftop
and the most wonderful day of the
year. To be completely honest, I
wasn't the most fond of the name
to start — I thought it was kind
of cheesy. Yet as time went on, it
became our identity, our namesake
and just who we were. From then
on, everyone knew us as Core Four
— our coaches, members of other
teams, our family. Heck, one of our
teammates even got shirts made
for us with "Core Four" splashed
across the front and #nailedit on
the back!
For the most part, living with
these girls has been rainbows,
butterflies and chocolate chipits,
but there have been difficult times.
In case you were wondering,
Tera did make the Olympics she
was training for in first year. As
did Heather. This was part of the
reason why I was originally so
nervous about living with the two
of them. I am a good swimmer —
don't get me wrong, you have to be
in order to be on the UBCs swim
team— but I'm not an Olympic-
level athlete. I am completely okay
with this. It gives me a little more
freedom to do other things that are
important to me like being social
(athlete-only events are the bomb).
In living with Heather, Tera, and
Rebecca, I was afraid of being
judged, about coming home late
while everyone else was asleep,
about not eating the right things,
about not being as smart as the
other girls and most of all, I was
afraid of not being fast enough to
be friends and roommates with
these outstanding girls. It sounds
silly, all of these things I was afraid
of, and I'm sure Core Four would
think I was out of my mind in
saying these things. That is what's
the best part about living with
these girls, they have always been
my biggest fan. That is something
that will never change, no matter
where we live.
As told by Tera:
The fact that my past frenemy
became my roommate was an idea
that I never thought would become
reality.
Core Four consisted of four very
different personalities, but we all
embraced it each person for who
they were. This is why I think we
worked so well together. They do
say opposites attract. I was known
for the weird creations I made in
the kitchen, my aggressively loud
talking voice, always leaving the
cupboards open and constantly
have a good story to share or
having a ridiculous story told about
me.
Let's be honest, I wouldn't
consider myself the cleanest
member of Core Four. With that
being said, I'm sure I wasn't always
the easiest person to live with, but
I definitely made life interesting.
Erin, on the other hand, had her
moments as well. She was always
Ms. Organized, is deathly allergic
to peanut butter (which happens to
be my favourite food), would daily
leave her frying pan on the stove
and has always been more mature
than me. These were some of the
things that drove me crazy about
Erin, but somehow became the
things that I love about her.
Something we learned very
quickly was how to pick our
battles. Like all relationships,
it's about give and take. Passive-
= HOTOS JEREMY JOHNSON-SILVERS/THE UBYSSEY
aggressive dry erase board notes
or harsh text messages were not
the answer. Living with a person
in limited space, you quickly learn
how to better conduct yourself
and get along with someone who
may very well be your opposite.
Erin is one of the best listeners I
know and I don't think that any
of our tiffs lasted longer than a
couple hours because we able to
communicate, compromise and
cuddle our disputes away. Through
our differences, we challenged one
another because we really have
wanted the best for each other.
We truly cared about each
other's lives. Every time we saw
one another we would ask, "How
was your practice?" "Did you have
a good day?" "Whatcha making
for dinner?" Our tiring days
would often catch up to us, but
praise the Lord for the our three
favourite cable channels — TLC,
Food Network and the Women's
Channel. We wouldn't have
survived the week without them
along with our unlimited stashes
of chocolate chips. And then there
were the times that all four of us
would congregate in our living
room and catch up on each others
lives. From tears of sadness that
somehow always turned into tears
of laughter, we could easily spend
several hours chatting before looking
at the clock and seeing 10:00 p.m.
— time to pack it in, up in 7 hours
for practice! That's when you know
you're living in a swimmer house.
Lights off and in bed at 10:30 p.m. AT
THE LATEST.
Caring for someone takes time —
friendship and love doesn't happen
instantly. Good friends evolve with
you and thanks to Erin, we have seen
each other grow into women that we
are proud of. She became the much
needed "mother of the household."
She has always kept me accountable
for my actions, made me feel
accepted and valued for who I am
and has become my "go-to" person
for advice along with supporting me
in all my crazy endeavours. It wasn't
always be easy, but it was totally
worth it.
Thanks to UBC, we became
besties and have no regrets. 'M TUESDAY, MARCH 8,2016   |    SPORTS+REC    |   11
PLAYOFFS//
Women's hockey capture Canada West championship
Jenny Tang, Matt Langmuir and Koby
Michaels
Sports Staff
The UBC women's hockey team has
claimed the Canada West title.
The team took the first game in
the series in a tight 2-1 victory over
the Manitoba Bisons.
Thunderbird Shiayli Toni opened
the scoring in the eighth minute of
the first period, her first goal of the
post-season off an assist from Cailey
Hay and Jenna Carpenter-Boesch.
Neither side was able to score
after the first period, but towards
the final five minutes of the game
the Bisons began putting some real
pressure on the 'Birds. It was thanks
to Dube's solid goaltending and the
tight defense of the Thunderbirds
that UBC claimed the win.
With the win, Dube adds to
her impressive stats this season,
boasting a 1.00 goals against average,
good for first among goalies in the
post-season.
Looking to capture the title in
two games, the 'Birds hit the ice
again on Saturday night, but fell 4-1
against the University of Manitoba
Bisons. A goal was controversially
not allowed after Stephanie
Schaupmeyer deflected a pass past
the Bisons' goalie.
Things looked promising from
the get-go on Saturday night. Just
two minutes into the game, Kelly
Murray got the icebreaker for
the T-Birds via a wrist shot from
the point. They put tremendous
This is the first time that UBC has hosted the Canada West final and the second time the team has ever won the title.
pressure on the Bisons' defence
throughout the period as Manitoba
had trouble getting out of their own
zone.
Manitoba responded when
Alana Sharman laid a beautiful
pass across to Finnish Olympian
Venla Hovi who made no mistake,
beating the buzzer with a tying
goal with just seven seconds on the
clock.
The Thunderbirds came
storming back early in the third
period. Nicole Saxvik rushed the
puck into the Bisons' zone and
made a terrific tape-to-tape pass
to captain Stephanie Schaupmeyer
who, with one hand on her stick,
managed to deflect the puck in.
Although the red light went on, the
referee eventually ruled that the
play was inconclusive and waved
the goal off. Head coach Graham
Thomas expressed his displeasure
with the officials after the game.
"We know it was in," said
Thomas. "That's a difference
maker there. We got all the
momentum, the crowd, everybody
behind us when we scored that
goal. We have a picture of it
zoomed in — it's across the line.
[The officials] never even talked to
the goal judge."
The momentum swung
Manitoba's way after the disallowed
goal. At 7:14, Erica Rieder scored
the go-ahead goal, which was
followed by an Erin Kucheravy goal
a minute later to put the Bisons up
3-1. Looking to solidify the victory,
Venla Hovi hit the empty net with
3:02 remaining. With the 4-1 victory,
Manitoba forced a winner-take-all
game three.
The 'Birds and Bisons hit the
ice for the third time in as many
days to settle the score on Sunday
afternoon. The T-Birds took an early
lead when, three minutes into the
first frame, UBC defenceman Celine
= HOTOJEREMYJOHNSONS-SILVERS/THE UBYSSEY
Tardif put the puck past the Bisons.
The 'Birds were held to one goal
until, off an assist from Rebecca
Unrau and Logan Boyd, defenceman
Kelley Murray scored UBCs second
of the night.
The Bisons fought back, scoring
their lone goal with just a few
minutes left in play. It proved to be
too little too late, allowing the 'Birds
to capture the Canada West crown
— the first time they have ever done
so on home ice.
They will head the CIS
quarterfinals in Calgary on March
17. It is unknown who they will play
yet. 'tJ
Public Consultation - UBC Climate Action Plan 2020
UBC is in the process of developing an updated Climate Action Plan for the Vancouver campus. By 2020,
we are aiming to reduce our greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 67 per cent below 2007 levels.
Over the past 9 months we have been seeking input from the campus community on what actions UBC could take to achieve this ambitious target.
We are now presenting proposed actions and options the university could pursue in the new Climate Action Plan 2020 to reduce our GHG emissions, including:
■ energy supply options • actions to reduce energy use in buildings • actions around individual behaviours
■ actions around UBC-owned vehicles (e.g. building design, maintenance and operations)        • other ways the university could reduce GHG emissions
There are two ways to participate:
© Online between A/larch 14 - 27 at planning.ubc.ca
0 In person at the following open houses:
Date: Tuesday, March 15, 2016     Time: 11:00am - 1:00pm
Place: Martha Piper Plaza
Date: Wednesday, March 16, 2016     Time: 11:00am - 1:00pm
Place: I.K. Barber Learning Centre, 2nd Floor Lobby
Date: Thursday, March 17, 2016     Time: 11:00am - 1:00pm
Place: AMS Student Nest, Upper Agora
Date: Tuesday, March 22, 2016      Time: 11:00am - 1:00pm
Place: Pharmaceutical Sciences Building, Atrium
Date: Wednesday, March23, 2016     Time: 11:00am - 1:00pm
Place: Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability, Lobby
Date: Thursday, March 24, 2016     Time: 11:00am - 1:00pm
Place: Fred Kaiser Building, Atrium
Questions? Please contact Gabrielle Armstrong, Senior Manager, Public Engagement at gabrielle.armstrong@ubcca or 604-822-9984.
This notice contains important information which may affect you. Please ask someone to translate it for you.
a place of mind
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Campus + Community Planning 12   I   GAMES AND COMICS    I   TUESDAY, MARCH 8, 2016
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COURTESYBESTCROSSWORDS.COM
CROSSWORD PUZZLE
40- Title for Anthony Hopkins;
DOWN
30-Bull;
41-Fury;
1- Do a number;
32- Hood-shaped anatomical part
ACROSS
42- Lower limb;
2-Moderately cold;
33-       we all?;
ACROSS
43-Chinese "way";
3- Initial stake in a hand of poker;
34-Fads;
1- Read quickly;
44-Buffoons;
4- Novelty;
37-Mozart's"      kleine
5-Spring up;
46- Actor Auberjonois;
5-Qty.;
Nachtmusik";
10-Mongolian desert;
47- Ice cream topped with syrup;
6-Stadium cheers;
40- Having only magnitude;
14- Actress Skye;
49-Falls back;
7-Shoe parts;
45- Use a full nelson, say;
15-"Olympia" painter;
51- Take the honey and run;
8-Rhubarb;
46-Hold back;
16- Ripe for drafting;
53-"Sure thing";
9-7th letter of the Greek alphabet;
48-Abhor;
17- In spite of;
54- Prince Valiant's wife;
10-Male godchild;
50- Interpret;
20- First American to orbit Earth;
57-Slalom curve;
11-Put a lid       !;
52- Pertaining to punishment;
21-Boozehound;
59-Met highlights;
12-Nota       ;
54-I'd hate to break up      ;
22- Bony prefix;
63- School VIP position;
13-"Othello" villain;
55- Entice;
23-Ovum;
66-Greek god of love;
18- "Splendor in the Grass"
56- Epic poetry;
25- Numbers game;
67-Valleys;
screenwriter;
58-Visualized;
27-Sicken;
68- Penn name;
19-Write down;
60-Arrow poison;
31-Shelter;
69-Trial balloon;
24- U.S. space probe to Jupiter;
61- Rent-      ;
35-Sea eagles;
70-Actress Verdugo;
26- Parched;
62- Diet, entries:
36-Go ballistic;
71-Sun. speeches;
27- Bird homes;
64-        had it!;
38-Altar in the sky;
28- Chilean pianist Claudio;
65- Code-breaking org.;
39- Lanka;
29-Conjunction;
COURTESYKRAZYDAD.COM
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MARCH1ANSWERS
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COMIC PATRICK MURRY AND MIKE PAROLINI/THE UBYSSEY
life-on-campus.wikia.com
ART&SPIRIT
aker series
Prominent Vancouver artists from a variety
disciplines share their own experience of the
role of creative force in their art. After the event,
light refreshments will be provided and guests
will have the opportunity to meet the presenters.
Suggested donation $20/$10 students.
march 9   Bramwell Tovey
march 16 Megaphone Magazine
COMICJULIAN YU/THE UBYSSEY
downtown eastside writers
3Vikram Vi
celebrity chef, author, TV personality
A     Cf   AnQplm'Q  5210 University Blvd,
■ ^     +J\..r\l IOCII I I O    (across from UBC Golf Course)
ANGLICAN CHURCH   604.224.1410 stanselms.ca

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