UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 25, 1994

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Array Hhevilest rag west ofBlanca"
Students screwed. UBC pigs on top
by Sam Martin
As the three major
universities prepare to announce
tuition increases for next year of
9.5 per cent or more, citing
government funding cutbacks, it
seems one priveleged group
within the university continues
to prosper: the upper ranks of the
professoriate and top
The latest Financial
Information Act statements show
the trend toward $100,000
salaries for top professors and
administrators is continuing. In
1991-92, 221 individuals at the
province's three universities were
paid over $100,000. This
increased to 421 individuals in
1992-93, the latest year for which
figures are available.
Professors make up over 80
per cent of the top earners, with
administrators making up the
remainder. The highest paid
individual was UBC president
David Strangway at $222,389,
followed by UVic president David
Strong at $203,685.
There is an embarrassing
incongruity for the universities
when such growth in top salaries
occurs while students are asked
to pay a large tuition increase—
for the second year running. It is
also embarrassing that part of
the growth at the top end was the
result of the universities' and
faculty associations' successful
efforts to sidestep the BC
government freeze on wages
above $79,000 in 1991 and 1992.
Thus a group of over 900 top
professors and administrators,
with average salaries of over
$94,000, were eventually allowed
to receive their regular wage
increases for a period where all
other provincial civil service
salaries over $79,000 were frozen.
These increases, with "merit"
and other components included,
averaged 6.7 per cent over the
two year period of the intended
freeze. In some cases the raises
were as high as 10.7 per cent.
Together with associated benefits,
the universities' circumvention of
the legislation cost taxpayers
approximately $8.3 million in
extra salary expenditures.
To make matters worse, these
increases are now built into the
salaries of the upper echelon, and
thus recur every year. The effects
of circumventing the wage freeze
will continue to be felt by students
through higher tuition. It will also
continue to impact negatively on
alternative uses for the much-
needed funds, such as improving
the wages of sessional instructors
and support staff, library
purchases, daycare and a host of
other needs.
The top faculty and
administrators have arguments
for continuing with this situation,
though none of them are likely to
hold up well in court of public
opinion. One common argument
is the necessity of top salaries to
attract and retain top talent, and
that BC university wages are
"already low" compared to other
The validity of this claim
depends on which faculty subgroups are compared. The
argument is least convincing
when the salaries of the upper
ranks are examined. It is very
hard to believe in these economic
times that it is difficult to retain
or attract good people to
Vancouver or Victoria for $90,000,
or $100,000, and more, per year.
Assault warning
by niva chow
Residents of Vancouver's west side are encouraged to take extra
precaution due to recent sexual assaults and robberies.
Since 10 February, there have been several sexual assaults and
robberies in the Kitsilano/Point Grey area.
An armed man has entered several homes, often through the
basement door, and sexually
assaulted women. In one instance
he beat a women with a 9mm
handgun. He also carries bear
repellant and a police scanner.
The man, considered to be very
dangerous, has been described as
a white male, age 25-30 years. He
is 5'10" to 6' feet tall and around
155-160 pounds. He has short,
black hair, a pronounced nose and
was said to have had a two-day
growth of beard.
At the time of the assaults,
he was wearing dark pants, a
three-quarter length,- green
padded ski jacket or army-type
jacket and possibly hiking boots.
The provincial government
must bear the blame for this
situation. Enforcement of the
legislation was uneven, and
lacked conviction in the face of a
powerful lobby from the
universities. When the legislation
was repealed in July 1992, then
finance minister Glen Clark sent
a letter to the province's crown
corporations, universities,
municipalities, hospitals and
school boards stating that
retroactive adjustments to the
$79,000 freeze "contravenes the
spirit of the Compensation
Fairness Act."
However, the government
chose not to enact the transition
legislation necessary to give some
teeth   to   this    request   for
compliance. This government
decision went against the advice
of the Compensation Fairness
commissioner and his staff,*
leaving the door open for abuse
by public bodies not under direct
government control.
The Financial Information
Act gives us the tools to demand
that public accountability
actually happens. All public
bodies, universities included, are
required to publish financial
statements each year.
These statements are
available to the general public at
university financial offices for five
dollars. Copies are also available
at the UBC bookstore, though
some of these omit the schedule
containing the employee salary
information, which has to be
requested separately from the
university financial office.
The Financial Information
Act should be used as it was
intended, to ensure that
universities and other public
bodies make spending decisions
which are ultimately acceptable
to their constituents. If more
people were aware of salary levels,
the institutions would be more
likely to put public accountability
ahead of their own self-interest.
The information is there, all
we need to do is use it.
Sam Martin is an
independent researcher and
writer on finance and public sector
spending in Victoria
Mike! Your hikes lick boot!
by Chris Sinkewicz
Although moaning and
grumbling about high tuition fees
echoes through schools, only a
handful of students showed up at
the provincial legislature on
budget Tuesday in protest.
"Hey Mike, stop the hikes!"
was the rallying cry of 24 Langara
College students.
The Langara contingent,
headed by student union chair
Laraine Bone, went to Victoria to
put a human face on a student
body that is expecting a tuition
hike of up to 9.75 per cent next
school year. However, only 24
student bodies do not make a very
loud voice.
UVic and Camosun College
were asked to join the
demonstration but failed to send a
single representative. Unfazed by
the low turn out, the Langara
group rallied to get the attention
of the premier.
Linda Reid, MLA for
Richmond and the Liberal
opposition education critic, and
Langara MLA Val Anderson gave
audience to the students and
chaired a half hour round-table
"As opposition, our greatest
tool is information, information
from students like yourselves,"
Reid said. "Your input will fuel
our voice in question period."
Reid went on to raise wide-
ranging topics such as equitable
education, common curriculum,
and credit transfer. However the
protestors were more interested
in the immediate threat to the
pockets of BC university and
college students.
Langara student Iris Naguib
offered a timely challenge as the
rhetoric set in. "A Utopian vision
of the education system is fine,
but what can people like you and
Val [Anderson] do for us... now?"
Naguib said.
Reid expressed her sympathy
and concern stating, "we realize
that students are not the cash cow
of this province."
Reid assured the problem
would be further researched and
pressed in question period. One
student stated this was small
comfort to students who find
education increasingly less
accessible with every tuition hike.
Langara students rally against fee hikes at the legislature In Victoria.
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Interviews will follow later for those
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Note: Noon means 12:30pm.
Saturday, March 26th
Tools for Peace. Reconnecting with
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Wednesday, March 30 at 7:30-9:30 PM
York Room in Hotel Georgia, 801 West Georgia
Co-sponsored by UBC Continuing Studies $10
Miller stresses skills, supports tuition hike
by Graham Cook
Minister of skills, training and
labour Dan Miller said he is
concerned about access to
university—but is unwilling to
freeze or even reduce
undergraduate tuition fees.
Miller was at UBC on
Thursday 17 March to talk to
campus union representatives and
the board of governors. In an
interview with <«ital2>»The
Ubyssey, Miller said he had
written a letter to university
administrators and boards "and
asked them to advise me how they
intend to use any increases above
the inflation level to assist the
various students we're talking
He said access to post-
secondary institutions was
difficult, and pointed to the $65
million the government spends on
student loans and other financial
assistance program as one
measure to alleviate access
But Miller admitted "the
government has not taken a
position that the [UBC BoG] is
going to limit or impose some limit
on some tuition fee increases."
And while Miller
acknowledged overall spending for
post-secondary education in BC
has been either frozen or only
slightly increased by his
government, he said BC students
were still well off.
"If you look at tuition fees as
a percentage of the cost of going to
university, I don't know what it
would be, it's certainly not
insignificant, but the bulk of the
costs would be the cost of living.
The cost of accommodation, food,
transportation and those kinds of
things, especially for people [from
the interior of BC]" he said.
He warned "you only have to
look at our neighbors in Alberta to
see the kinds of slash-and-burn
tactics that are being employed
there," referring to the Klein
government's recent deep cuts in
education spending.
Miller said criticisms of the
changes in the name and mandate
of his ministry (it was previously
the ministry of advanced
education) overlook the "vast
majority" of high school students
who do not go on to college or
These young people "don't go
to university, they don't go to
community college, they don't go
anywhere. They go out into the
ruthless job market."
Miller said when he
graduated from high school in
1962, "you could go to work in the
local pulp mill. You could have the
opportunity to get a trade, a small
number could, but those
opportunities are greatly reduced.
"We need to look at the
opportunities for everyone in
society," he said.
"We have a hell of a lot of
people going to community
colleges, and a lot of people going
to university who probably
Miller proposed an increase
in skills training and
apprenticeship programs,
"enhancing" articulation systems
between universities and
community colleges, and
introducing "more innovations to
improve access for students."
That confounded bridge
by Bijan Sepehri
A 17 March public meeting
was held in North Vancouver to
inform people about the future of
the First Narrows crossing. The
meeting illustrated a growing
tension between those who
commute across the bridge and
those who face commuters in the
West End.
The event was part of the
Lions Gate Crossing Public
Involvement Program also known
by its more original name, Choices.
It was chaired by project manager
Peter Hyslop, of N.D. Lea
Associates, and included a slide
show and standing displays about
the technical aspects of each
After the presentation there
was a short question period where
people could question Hyslop or a
panel consisting of some members
of the community focus group
(CFG). The CFG is a committee of
20 representing "the community
at large," and chaired by Arthur
Griffiths. The group will
recommend a short list of options
to the minister of highways.
Approximatly 67,000 people
cross Lions Gate bridge per day,
most of whom are based on the
north Shore. Traffic from the north
shore is split between North and
West Van's four main approach
routes. From there, 55 per cent of
the cars go downtown, and another
30 per cent to Vancouver's west
The First Narrows/Stanley
Park area is difficult to build on
and requires complex technical
and traffic engineering.
Preserving the environment of
Stanley Park, the harbour, and
the north shore is also a major
concern. Aboriginal rights are also
an issue, since the North side of
first narrows is Capilano Indian
Another concern is paying for
the crossing. Governments have
suggested imposing a toll, but
questions about who will pay the
toll and how much it would cost
have not been answered.
The north shore/West End
conflict first surfaced when a man
from North Van asked about a
report he had heard that the toll
would be over five dollars, and
questioned a proposed figure of
how much land would have to be
cleared beside the causeway to
add another lane.
Ron Rothwell of Friends of
Stanley Park defended the figures,
and stated it was fair to have the
north shore pay for the crossing
because Vancouver was paying for
the park's upkeep. The man
responded by saying it was absurd
for the north shore to solely pay
for the crossing, when Burrard,
Granville, Arthur Laing, and other
bridges and highways have no tolls
on them. Others commented about
cutting off Vancouver from
In response to a question
about a skytrain tunnel to
Lonsdale Quay in North Van to
reduce the downtown traffic,
Hyslop said the greater Vancouver
regional district (GVRD)
Transport 2021 plan concluded the
north shore does not have enough
population to warrant a Skytrain
link for another 30 years.
It is not yet decided if the
north shore and Vancouver will be
able to vote on the issue in a
The next stages in the process
will be creating more information
centers on the north shore, more
detailed studies, making a short
list of options, and providing
"issues forums" for the public to
take part in.
Crossing the narrows
Mardee Gait
Mardee Gait, one of the first
women editors of The Ubyssey,
died of cancer in Surrey
Memorial hospital on
Wednesday at the age of 69.
She was born as Mardee
Dundas and worked her way
through UBC as a bookie. She
became the editor of The Ubyssey
in 1945.
She later worked as a
reporter for the Vancouver News-
Herald and later in public
relations for the Cerebral Palsy
Association of BC.
She leaves behind her
daughter Virginia, a writer for
the Globe and Mail, her other
daughter Nancy, two sons, Tom
and Chris, and six
by Bijan Sepehri
There are four options
considered for the new First
Narrows crossing.
The first involves
rehabilitating the existing bridge
or upgrading it by adding more
lanes or a second deck. This is
cheapest, but difficult to construct.
Adding more lanes means dealing
with extra load while
incorporating the existingtowers,
perhaps by adding height to them,
or cable-stayed supports.
The north side of the bridge
and the long section approaching
the main bridge sits on sand, so
the extra load would make it
susceptible to an earthquake.
Rehabilitation would disrupt land
and marine traffic, and has a low
The next option involves
building a new six lane cable-
stayed bridge parallel to the old
one. However there would be
major disruption of Stanley Park
during construction.
An underwater or an underland
tunnel is the third yet more
expensive option being explored.
One plan calls for twin bored
tunnels under First Narrows and
Stanley Park (the biggest boring
machine available could only
create a two lane tunnel). Stanley
Park would not be affected, but it
requires a custom made machine
to bore under water.
Another idea is an immersed
tube/cut and cover tunnel across
first narrows. This would hold
more lanes, but would greatly
affect the environment of the park
and the harbour.
The well-known Hans
Bentzen plan also includes an
immersed tube tunnel and an
artificial island in Coal Harbour
for 20,000 inhabitants. A separate
four lane tunnel or bridge would
connect the island to downtown.
This would have a very high
environmental impacts on the
The new traffic connections
to downtown and the north shore
would also alter all of their traffic
patterns, and create major scars
on the north shore.
The fourth option is a bridge
to Stanley Park, then a tunnel
under it. Such hybrids are fairly
expensive, but cause less damage
to the park than a regular
causeway would.
The minister had not yet
decided whether those innovations
would include the currently
popular notion of "income-
contingent" student loan
Miller said many student
problems could be dealt with
through more general economic
measures, such as those contained
in the recently-released Thompson
report on employment standards.
The report recommends a
raise in minimum wage and the
extension of benefits to part-time
As for student lobbying, Miller
said he "discussed very briefly with
a couple of members of the AMS,
Bill Dobie and Byron Horner, but
it was fairly informal at a dinner
in Victoria on Tuesday night [15
March]." He has also had one
meeting with the Canadian
federation of students.
Both delegations promoted
accessibility issues, Miller said.
Court says no way
to appeal commish
by gregg mcnally
The BC justice system has
overturned a decision that would
have prevented student societies
from collecting mandatory fees
from students.
The original decision involved
students Phillip Eidsvik and
David Feldhaus from SFU, who
have been trying to stop the Simon
Fraser Student Society from
collecting fees from students.
The two students state
required membership in a society
is against the charter of rights
and freedoms of Canada and have
been trying to get rid of student
fees since 1991.
After many unsuccessful
attempts, including trying to get a
referendum on the question of
whether students should pay
society fees, Eidsvik and Feldhaus
took legal action.
Their first complaint was
heard by the provincial registrar
of companies, which denied their
request to stop mandatory student
membership in the SFU student
society. But a second try convinced
the commercial appeals
commission (CAC) to rule in their
The CAC listens to appeals
brought forth by decisions of the
registrar of companies. As well as
preventing mandatory
membership, the commission
called for an investigation into
the financial workings of the SFU
student society.
However the registrar of
companies appealed the ruling,
citing that the CAC exceeded its
jurisdiction in trying to make a
decision about the applicability of
the Canadian charter of rights.
Chief justice Bill MacEachern
agreed that the "CAC vastly
transcended its jurisdiction" in its
decisions and ruled that SFU
student society could continue to
collect fees without student's
During the appeal, UBC's AMS
was allowed to speak on behalf of
the student society as they have
financial interests in maintaining
mandatory society membership.
Because of their financial
constraints, Eidsvik and Feldhaus
defended their case in front of two
judges at the court of appeal and
the chief justice of BC without
legal counsel. According to Derek
Miller, the AMS researcher, the
two students will have to pay the
legal fees for the SFU student
Miller went on to say watching
the two students represent
themselves in court was very
uncomfortable. He added it was
like watching someone you really
hate get kicked in the crotch.
"You're glad that it happens,
but it just looks like it really hurts,"
Miller said.
Lion's Gate Bridge Is falling down, falling down, falling down . 4 THE UBYSSEY
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Price is based on MSRP for 2-door CL model with a 1.8 litre engine and 5-speed manual transmission. Options and taxes extra. Dealer may sell for less. GTI model shown priced at $l/,595. FRIDAY 25  MARCH 1994
* ♦ i,
» _ ...... _   ...   .....;;;..;>
The Photographers:
(clockwise from the top) Sjobhan Roantree
Steve Scali
Siobhan Roantree
Steve Scali
  Natasha Borowsky
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upon presentation of valid student card
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Home of tke \egan Pissas
1152 Denman 3144'w Broadway
689-1112 731-9636 6 THE UBYSSEY
Christians join the Clayoquot struggle
Regent college professor
Loren Wilkinson is an unusual
Rather than confining
himself to philosophy and
interdisciplenary studies, safe in
the detached heights of academe,
he is a scholar who is also an
active environmentalist—one of
a very small number indeed.
Last summer he, his wife
Mary Ruth (also an academic) and
his daughter were arrested for
"illegal" blockading at Clayoquot
Wilkinson is the editor of
Earthkeeping in the 90's:
Stewardship ofCreation&nd with
his wife co-wrote Caring for
Creation in Your Own Backyard.
Equally unusual, he is also a
committed christian, which, when
combined with environmentalist,
is an oxymoron to many minds.
Like every protester, he has a
number of distinct and highly
personal reasons for taking a
Of his own reasons, his
primary motivation stems from his
faith. It is in the christian
understanding of salvation that
he sees the seeds of restoration for
the created world: Christianity
implies that humans, as a special
creature, occupy a unique place in
the natural world. This is not,
however, a giveaway position—a
huge responsibility accompanies
Since we are not simply a
cosmic accident, part of a
meaningless progression of beasts
vying for dominance, we become in
a sense "creation's consciousness"
as the representation of the
creator. It is our duty to be stewards
of god's creation, to know, name,
love, and understand it and most
importantly to care for it.
Wilkinson sees no conflict
between the west's judeo-christian
background and the effort to save
the planet. It is true some have
seen creation as simply an
incidental  "backdrop" for the
The AMS is starting up working committees
on the following issues:
Student Loans,
(inc. tuition, entrance, etc.),
This is YOUR opportunity to get
involved and make a difference!
We will be meeting over the
summer as well as during the
school year, and welcome your
contributions at any time.
Please contact Leah Costello,
Coordinator of External Affairs,
at 822-2050, or drop by SUB
250 for more information.
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greater drama of human salvation.
But to Wilkinson this is a grave
misunderstanding of the biblical
story (particularly in the Old
Testament) which constantly
affirms god's personal care for
creation. The theme of salvation is,
and should be practiced as, healing.
He does not see the mercenary
view of nature as existing only for
the use of humanity as a
particularly christian problem:
virtually every nation has managed
to ravish its natural resources.
True Christianity is part of the
solution, not the problem, says
He is excited about the
emerging environmentalism. Even
though it is not an expressly
christian movement, he sees a
profoundly christian message in it—
through it, people are being
reminded of ultimate values beyond
themselves. This is of crucial
importance in a society which is
increasingly self-centred, false and
shallow. In short, he sees nothing
wrong with using creation—but just
not in a way that diminishes its
own productivity and richness.
Thus arises this second reason
for activism—his trouble with
forestry "practices" perpetrated in
this part of the world. The
complexity of forest ecosystems is
such that we are just beginning to
understand the interrelation of its
parts. For instance, we are just now
discovering the extent to which
fragile micro-organisms are the
"glue" which hold the system
together. Science desperately needs
working models of ecosystems if we
are ever going to establish a truly
sustainable logging industry.
As well, we need to preserve
the gene pool, in order to perpetuate
healthy forests, for in the event of
possible climate change, the
wilderness must be strong and
resilient in order to survive. As it is,
farm is a forest, with all that this
Yet, politically, most of BC is
zoned as "tree farm," according to
surveyor's maps. In the face of this,
Wilkinson believes it is only wise
to allow large units of forest to
survive unharmed, so that we may
have clues to solving the problems
by H. Peterson
which will likely arise as the result
of tree farming.
Clayoquot contains several of
the last great unlogged ecosystems
on the west coast. If the rest of the
island were still forested, this
region would not have become the
hot spot it is. Unfortunately,
betweeen 64 per cent and 70 per
cent (depending on who is
producing the statistics) of it is
already logged. The preservation
of the Clayoquot "forest-model" is
of dire necessity.
He has a message for the
loggers in the aftermath of this
week's overwhelming
demonstration in front of the
legislature in Victoria. He can
understand the loggers' angst—he
comes from a family of Oregon
loggers, was himself a logger for
many summers, and in fact the
last giant douglas firs on his
family's property fell in order that
he could attend college.
Wilkinson too is acting out of
his concern for the loggingindustry.
Yet logging practices desperately
need revision.
He does not consider the CORE
report's proposal to preserve 13
per cent of the island as a
particularly dramatic allowance.
In real terms, this is an increase of
only five per cent above the eight
per cent of island land which is
However, Wilkinson sees
CORE'S further proposal for an
eight per cent "special protection"
endowment as absolutely
necessary. First, it will be
designated in the form of "corridors"
which will serve as "land bridges"
between major preserves such as
the Carmanah and (hopefully)
Animals and smaller
organisms will be able to migrate
along these routes, which will help
to ensure the prosperity of the forest
in case of such events as the
previously mentioned climatic
In addition, these areas will
be the site of "experimental" logging
practices—a crucial step if the
industry is ever going to mend its
Wilkinson's point is if the
industry has not been able to
establish sustainable logging after
having used more than two-thirds
of the Island's land, they are not
likely to suddenly develop this
ability in the five per cent of land in
He cites Switzerland as a role-
model for BC's logging industry. In
1984, total tonnage of trees
harvested was only 10 per cent of
BC's—yet this modest harvest
supported more jobs than did BC's
Not only are their forestry
practices more labour-intensive,
but other industries exist which
only add more value to the raw
If we practiced forestry like
Switzerland, we would have ten
times the jobs that we have now,
and have cut fewer trees.
Wilkinson's goal is jobs for our
loggers' children and grandchildren
as well. He envisions a BC forest
industry which will still be
operating 1000 years from today.
Canada's third culture kids
Canada is a new world nation.
We are all, in essence, either
immigrants or descendants of
immigrants, with the exception of
Canada's aboriginal peoples. We
belong to a multicultural nation. A
nation with two official languages,
a mainstream society comprised
largely of descendants of english
and french settlers and explorers,
an indigenous population which
includes native indians and inuit
and a segment euphemistically
labelled "ethnics." The children of
these so-called ethnics comprise,
for the most part, what Salman
Rushdie has named "Third Culture
Kids,"—children born and raised
in a different society with parents
who were raised in another culture.
Third culture kids have a
unique place in any society they
belong to. Theirs tends to be a
confusing and quite often
debilitative condition. They are
confronted with cultural walls or
pitfalls at every turn. Unable to
completely relate to their parent's
culture, yet at the same time are as
"different" from the mainstream
culture they are encouraged to
belong to. They are basically cut
adrift and left to float in a sort of
"twilight zone" state. They form a
cultural hybrid, a blend of cultures
that can be interesting but also
confusing and frustrating. This
condition, or more accurately
sociological and psychological state
of mind, is exacerbated by growing
up in a country like Canada.
Canada itself is schizophrenic,
comprised of multiple personalities.
It needs to be placed on a
psychiatrist's couch from time to
time. Canada is a nation-state
lacking a clear national and cultural
identity. After all, just ask yourself,
what is a Canadian? It is not an
easy question to answer. There are
mind-boggling differences in
societal attitudes and values
stretching from coast-to-coast that
often renders the term "nation"
virtually meaningless in a
Canadian context.
Let's begin with language.
Language is something which plays
a vital role in defining a nation. In
by Nick Voci
Canada we have two official
languages. This immediately
creates a state of uncertainty at a
nation's most fundamental level.
In addition, elements such as
english-french confrontations,
which have roots in history and
culture, or the myriad sub-cultures
based on region, ethnicity and race
permeating Canada. There are also
traditional social divisions which
exist in any society, based on
politics, economics, religion,
gender, region, age and values held
by different generations.
The problems encountered by
people from a third culture are
more acute in Canada especially
when compared to older, more
established societies such as
Britain, France, Germany, or
Japan where very strong national
and cultural identities exist.
Difficulties still confront third
culture kids brought up in more
traditional or old-world societies,
but there is a more clear
understanding and awareness of
the culture they are being brought
up in. Even in other new world
countries such as the United States,
Argentina, and Brazil, there is not
the same identity crisis that exists
in Canada. Americans, who have
many similarities in terms of
societal make-up and attitudes as
Canadians, have done a better job
in creating their national identity.
It is the melting pot approach one
where everyone has to try to make
the "american dream" come true.
This represents the heart and soul
of american culture.
Canada has no such focal point.
There is no slogan or great
historical event to rally around.
Canada's third culture kids find
themselves, arguably, in a more
confused state than in any other
country. What are Canada's third
culture kids supposed to do?
Although the situation is
difficult, it can also be a positive
one as well. There seems to be less
stringent cultural rules in Canada
and less pressure to culturally
conform in Canada as there are in
other, more traditional countries.
Essentially, someone from a third
culture is left free to do what they
want to do. They can choose which
culture to belong to; mainstream,
their ancestral culture, or several
at one time. A unique perspective
develops in someone from a third
culture that are not possible for
mainstream Canadians whose
cultural horizons are limited to
their own communities. Third
cultural Canadians should try to
take advantage of their unique
positions. Think positively, enjoy
life, and above all, be happy. That
is, after all, what life is about. FRIDAY 25  MARCH 1994
Free those fucking animals, you bastards
by Sarah O'Domell
In the fifth century BC,
Euripides said, "This is what it
means to be a slave: To be abused
and bear it, compelled by violence
to suffer wrong."
The Animal Liberation Front
(ALF) was formed 24 centuries
later to fight against the slavery
of animals—living beings who are
abused and forced to bear it
because they have no human voice.
An ALF source in The Militant
Vegan, an alternative animal
rights magazine, said,
"involvement in the Animal
Liberation Front (ALF) begins
with your first liberation or act of
economic sabatoge. Do not try to
find us, get together with a group
of friends whom you know you can
Since its formation
approximately 15 years ago, the
ALF has advocated the use of
direct action to end animal abuse.
It has gradually evolved into a
worldwide organization which
concerns itself with cruelty to
animals everywhere, regardless of
whether they are being tortured
in labs, killed on the hunt, or being
prepared for slaughter as food.
The ALF's direct action
usually takes the form of animal
rescues and inflicting financial loss
on anyone who exploits animals
for pleasure or for profit.
By destroying equipment and
leaving explanations for the
damage, the ALF hopes to make
animal research, factory farms,
fur retailing and other animal-
cruel industries as costly as
possible to those who run the
The rationale is that those
targetted will either chose to drop
out of the animal business or will
be forced to quit because of high
costs and insurance problems.
Ronnie Lee founded the ALF
in England immediately after he
served his first prison term for an
attempted break-in at a Bicester
Contrary to popular belief,
ALF activists do not advocate
violence. The ALF guidelines
state that "activists take all
precautions not to harm any
animal (human or otherwise)."
Although the news is full of
reports of police trying to clamp
down on ALF activities, people
have not stopped taking direct
In Edmonton, Alberta, ALF
activist Darren Thurston is
waiting for the Alberta Court of
Appeal to make a decision on his
sentence for his ALF activities.
In March 1991, he broke into
at the Billingsgate Fish Company,
where he firebombed three fish
delivery trucks. Thurston also
freed 29 cats from a University of
Alberta laboratory.
Thurston waited for 15
months in jail before his initial
sentencing in September 1993. He
is now back in the courts because
the case prosecutor felt the original
sentence of two years probation
and $73,725 fine was not adequate.
A group in Edmonton have
formed a North American Animal
Liberation Front Supporters
Group to "support the work of the
ALF by all lawful means possible."
Everyone involved in the
animal rights movement has an
opinion on the ALF. Bob Chorush,
director of the Vancouver Humane
Society, said "the issues of animal
cruelty and the ongoing torture of
animals in laboratories is very
emotional, and it's an issue of
conscience. The people in groups
like the ALF are acting on that
personal, social conscience. I don't
condemn them for that."
Vivisection is alive, kicking and biting at UBC
by Tessa Moon
Vivisection at UBC is here to
"Vivisection" is usually
thought of as experimentation on
living animals, while dissection
involves cutting apart and
examining both living and dead
According to Dr. Elizabeth
Vizsolyi, coordinator of the biology
lab program, the best way to avoid
dissection in a course is to avoid
the course.
"There are nine alternate
biology programs," she said. "Only
two require physiology courses
which do experiments on animals."
Vizsolyi said students who
refuse to dissect "simply don't get
credit for [the course]. About one-
half of the labs involve animals.
How can I evaluate a student who
does half of the work with a
student who does all of it?
"Some people say that's
penalizing; it's not. There are
realities you can't overcome," she
"[Vivisection] is a very
important part of the program,"
said professor of zoology Robin
Liley. "It's clearly important to
have hands-on exposure to the
Liley called the elimination
of dissection from first year biology
"a serious error," pointing out that
"one of the most popular lab
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exercises has been dissection."
Director of first year biology
P.G. Harrison said the removal of
mandatory dissection was "not a
philosophical objection." He
stressed that the new first year
lab program, planned around
observation of animals in their
natural habitat, was not designed
to avoid killing animals.
"There was no conscious
decisions to avoid dissection, no
general discussion on ethics," he
said. "It just fell out that labs
would be different."
Despite the change, an
antivivisectionist student will be
unable to major in some biology
"Why would they be in animal
biology?" asked Vizsolyi. "They
know the course involves
dissection. They could study plants
or ecology."
She rejected computer-
simulated experiments as an
alternative to vivisection. "They're
more the tutoring part of the
course," she said. "It helps
students understand the theory.
You have an input; you get results.
But it still doesn't give you
Senior instructor of zoology
Peter Ellickson agreed. "I think
you'd be very hard put to simulate
the look of muscle, the shape, the
feel, by computers," he said.
Students admitted feeling
more ambivalent.
"If there's a little cat sitting
up at a corner and I have to kill it,
no, I wouldn't do it," said biology
student Michelle McLeod. "If it's
been in a preservative for a couple
of days, stiff and wrinkled up, its
a little easier."
McLeod believes  animal
experimentation "is not morally
correct. On the other hand, you
can't have people going from
diagrams to open heart surgery.
[Computer] simulations are the
ideal alternative."
An animal biology student
said he felt dissection was
unnecessary at the undergraduate
level. He did not refuse dissection,
and asked to remain anonymous
due to concern that a public stand
would reduce his chances of
acceptance into medical school.
"If you're studying, say,
physiology, it's virtually
impossible to avoid [vivisection],"
prof Liley said. "We're assuming
sooner or later, they'll have to carry
out experiments with animals."
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^   Theatrical Public Transit
5^ The Number 14
CO   dir. Roy Surette
s*jk Axis & Touchstone Productions
by Teresa Yep
Riding transit is as repugnant as finding a pubic hair suspended in
your jello. Now that I've exposed the most shocking truism in the history of
public transportation, I'll jog the exhaust-stunted memories of single-occupancy
vehicle operators by mentioning two of a multitude of busing peeves.
Number One: the stench of mildew from 50 rotting umbrellas used on wet West
Coast days (which is almost every day, as far as this monsoon town is concerned).
Number Two: the cloned packs of boisterous adolescents who stuff themselves
in the rear of the bus by the dozen and ooze hormones and excessive noise. Not
anything resembling speech as understood by users of a known language, just
pure, raucous noise. Remember? The way we all were once, until
transcendence into post-secondary heaven rendered us intolerant
of such immature yahoos.
But I digress.. S^€&0—
I mention only two because The Number 14 almost     <^ & <
covers the full spectrum of the public transportation
experience with unending, absurd humor. In a series
of fast-paced skits, the united bodies of Axis Mime
Theatre and Touchstone Theatre portray a
surprisingly diverse cross-section of characters
typical of a big city, enhanced with the use of      _
expressive masks and exaggerated body language. «?/clit) 1^
The play is a vast collection of caricatures of fellow busers    * ^ U ^
ranging from voyeurs to exhi-bitionists, non-stop chatterboxes
to patient listeners and rich poseurs to impoverished, grimy sods.
You and I have met them all. Some of the familiar patrons include the fare-
skipper, the rve-got-Ed-Grimley's-fashion-sense guy, the tardy office assistant who
magically performs her entire morning beautifying ritual in five minutes on two vinyl seats,
the clique of octogenarians for whom riding the bus to bingo is a social pastime and an opportunity
to heckle the driver, and the insane homeless one with no shoes who is most removed from reality,
yet ironically sees and speaks more truth than any member of normal society.
An important detail of this play is the effective use of the stage as a moving vehicle. The rich variety
of caricatures is matched only by the rate of transition typical of busrides. The actors' intermittent
reactions to the stopping jerks and acceleration of bus motion constantly reminds the audience that this
hulking thing is always going, moving people to and fro, an aspect of busing that did not escape the
derision of the writers.
The invisible driver receives this one-liner from a victim/rider: "What'd you have for breakfast,
frosted steroids?" Thus, the perpetual passenger turnover imitates the speed and movement of the
bus itself which makes for a stimulating portrayal of transit life.
The play transforms the bus from a mover of bodies to a unique meeting place in which
"opposites cross paths," said director Roy Surette, one of the few
areas where a blending of socio-economic strata occurs.
Good message, bad execution. In a nutshell, the
impressive range of people in society
deserves our respect, not our
contempt. Yes, including teens.
The Number 14 is
veritable entertainment
by gregg mcnally
cub, Pluto and the Evaporators pleased the
crowd and rocked the stage in a frenzy of raw angst and pure
bliss Saturday night at the Town Pump.
The Evaporators, led by the one and only Nardwuar the Human
Serviette, brought us through the history books with a song about the
american civil war and a canadiana piece about Neil Young.
Prancing around in his vikings marching band jacket and big brown boots,
Nardwuar was so pleased with himself that you couldn't help but laugh along
with his crazy words. He danced and screamed and stomped and actually sang
a little bit. The Evaporators got out the tacky synthesizer for a few songs and
Nardwuar managed to get the entire crowd on the dance floor to sit down
and jump up on the band's cue.
"I'm going to france. I'm going to france. I don't think so.
politically correct CD 0*
X Marks The Spot 1/1
Various artists
Caroline Records
Definitely cool.
Admittedly, I paid more attention to my beer and to Sam and
her friends than Pluto. From what I listened to, the band was
really tight, but a little stale. Maybe after the Evaporators antics,
anything seems a little dry. All I can say is that I had more fun
finding out that the length of my nose equals the width of my
mouth than checking out Pluto.
I've heard a lot of great things about Pluto and I was pumped to
hear Mint Records' new band, but I just found myself not really listening
close. Sorry guys, I'll pay more attention next time.
cub's appearance on Saturday was apparently their 100th show and
unfortunately, drummer Valerie's last. She went out well, with her best
performance. Everyone was singing along with Lisa's bubble gum
voice for their favourite songs and grooving to the new songs. They
roared through the tunes with everyone yelling for more, and
their one encore left everyone humming and happy.
Bunch 'o bands
Cub, Pluto, The Evaporators
The Town Pump
Saturday 19 March
fhe p°
has been thr
down/And yoi
this is a sh
raps Devc
in X Marl
is a Canac
fifteen fine funl
filled new and re-
released tunes to get yoi
the mood for South Africa's
April elections and raise som<
money for voter education in tl
Featured are such obscurit
UB40, Peter Gabriel, Paul Sim
Johnny Clegg, as well as mus
South, and West Africa. Is I
unreleased live version of 1
"Stimela" I hear? Yes litis
material includes the title tra
funk/blues/jazz crossover, by C
and "Sini Lindile" by Canadian g
Royalties, profits, and professioi
been waived by everyone from the songw:
\ performers to the record stores involved in the
>      album's production and sale. Proceeds will go to
Matla Trust in South Africa, which undertakes a
variety of services to South Africa's population in
preparation for the April 27 election. Funds raised by
album will be matched 3:1 by Partnership Africa Cans
An endorsement in the liner by Nelson Mandela giv
a kick. Buy it, it's good, it's for a good cause, play it lo
your friends, give it to people for a present. Students abandon ye not your cats
by Mandy Butcher and Jan
If you're planning on
abandoning your pussy on
campus at the end of term, think
Far too many cats are left
behind at the end of the school
year to fend for themselves, and
often they are unspayed and
unneutered. Many assume that
others hungry for feline affection
will take on responsibility for
these little critters. Not so.
"Over 100 cats were brought
here in the first six days of June
last year," said a Vancouver
SPCA front desk staff member.
"The surge is linked to students
leaving after school is out. Only
about a half dozen of those cats
escaped euthanasia. The SPCA
simply does not have room."
An estimated 8000 healthy
animals were put down last year
in Greater Vancouver, the
majority of which were cats. If an
animal is officially "surrendered,"
the SPCA is not obliged to keep
it. If it is a stray, it will survive an
average of four days.
In the world of animal
shelters and pounds where many
of these cats lose their lives, "HD"
stands for "Humane Destruction"
not "Honors Degree." This is small
thanks for the solace and comfort
your pet has given you over the
past year.
If you have successfully
managed to hide your cat in
residence all this time without
being found, they deserve to be a
keeper. If you simply cannot
swing it, if you've decided your
Himalayan trek will be
memorable for all the
wrong reasons if you
have a four-month
supply of cat chow
strapped to your back,
then start advertising
right away for an
adoptive home-
before kitten season
gets underway. That
way your cat will not
have to compete
against younger,
brighter and smarter
cats for the few
available homes.
If the cat is not
yet spayed or
neutered, arrange for
this to be done before
adoption. Female cats
can give birth to up to
three litters of kittens
per year. It is the wild
offspring of abandoned pet cats which
fuels the cat problem
that has existed for so
long on the endowment lands and
And if you are
back next year and
feel yourself positively going into
withdrawal without a
cat around, consider
fostering. Volunteer
animal        welfare
groups such as "Meow-Aid" are
often looking for foster homes for
timid or semi-wild cats and
kittens, or for cats that are
recuperating from surgery or
Meow-Aid is a small, non
profit organization committed to
easing the
suffering of
cats by sheltering them
until a good
home can be
found. It
promotes the
practice of
spaying and
and is a no-
kill operation staffed
by volunteers.
getting a pet,
ask yourself,
what are my
motives? If it
is because
you are
lonely, or
reason, that
is unacceptable. An
animal is not
like a pair of
shoes. It is a
living being
and deserves
to be treated
as     such,"
said Meow-Aid foster mom Mel
For information on "Meow-
Aid," call 274-0722 and ask for
June Humphries.
What you can do:
1) Getting a cat
A cat can live for 20 years.
Think ahead! You will go through
changes of job, partners, housing,
etc. Are you prepared to keep the
animal that long? What will you
do if your new partner is allergic
to cats? Most rental housing will
not accept pets. Veterinarian bills
can be exorbitantly high.
Don't buy from a pet store or
breeder. This encourages the
breeding of more animals for profit
leading to more dead ones at the
SPCA. There are plenty of cats at
the SPCA, private shelters, and
homes. Check the paper. If you
cannot offer a long-term home,
there is always fostering.
2) Spaying and Neutering
The ages are surprisingly low:
five months for a female cat, six to
seven months for a male. Advice
on low-cost fixing (and tattooing)
is available from the Vancouver
humane society, 266-9744.
3) Finding a Home
If you cannot keep your cat,
advertise. Remember it takes an
average of three months to find a
home for an adult cat. The
Vancouver humane society's
leaflet "Finding a Responsible
Home for Animals" is a good source
for helping you find a safe home.
Who's the real animal? Zoos and "freedom"
by Sandra Iseman
"I'm the man in the box, buried in
my shit."—Alice in Chains.
Most of us have gone to a zoo
sometime in our lives. Animal
lovers'think its an ideal place to
see their favourite cuddly
mammal, often forgetting that
animals are being kept in horrible
conditions and their future is even
more bleak, devoid of any hope for
a real animal life.
Lifeforce, an organization that
helps to protect and raise public
awareness about the environment,
people, and animals, has been
trying since 1980 to cease or
minimize the unnecessary abuse
that occurs in zoos and post-zoo
But no separate act exists in
Canada to govern animal welfare.
Lifeforce has to rely on the erimianl
code, which broadly condemns
"willful, unecessary infliction of
Peter Hamilton, the founding
director of Lifeforce, points out
the loopholes zoo owners can use
to their advantage. Hamilton said
"there are endless examples ofhow
people have mistreated and not
cared for these prisoners."
"Prisoners" are exactly what
they are. You may think animals
in captivity have the good life,
protected from predators with
plenty to eat.
The truth is that captive
animals'   natural   lives   are
shortened in zoos. They become
easily bored. Some escape,
becoming an exotic animal
wandering in an unsuitable
Post-zoo life is even worse,
with cases where animals are
relocated. When a zoo is "bored"
with an animal or is simply
shutting down, animals are often
shipped off to vivisection labs
where unnecessary pain is
Every year Stanley Park Zoo
rounds up up to 100 geese are sent
to the UBC zoology department
where John Steeve's heads spinal
experiments on the geese.
Hamilton stated the experiments
were not productive because of
"the major anatomical and
biological differences between
humans and fowls."
What is also disturbing is the
species on the endangered list kept
in captivity, and the others are
sent to labs after serving their
sentence in zoos. The penguin, for
example, is being used in buoyancy
tests, although they are currently
an endangered species.
Similarly cruel placements for
used-up zoo attractions are
auctions, where they are sold for
slaughter. Sometimes, they are
used for "canned" hunts, in which
the animal is too tame or terrified
to run from a hunter who has paid
to shoot them.
Hamilton said Lifeforce tries
to be a part in deciding the caged
animal's fate, although zoo owners
would rather that they not
The first option Lifeforce
proposes is release. If an animal
has become too tame to survive in
the wild, they opt for a "retirement
home" that will suit the animal in
living out "animal lives." Lastly, if
these solutions cannot be
arranged, then humane
euthanasia is applied.
"Zoo imprisonment isn't
justified in the first place,"
Hamilton said. "It's not done
for educational or scientific
reasons, solely for entertainment
and profit."
The Crystal Gardens, a tea
house in Victoria, contains
penguins in a ten-square-foot cage
with no access to water. The
flamingos have no space to run,
and a grey squirrel is stuck in
with the exotic birds.
Stanley Park Zoo has always
contained polar bears in cages with
concrete. When polar bears become
old they, have difficulty
maneuvering over concrete
obstacles. One fell and broke a leg;
the zoo had him shot. Another
bear had sore, bleeding paws from
the concrete. ,
Lifeforce made Stanley Park
Zoo put salt water in the pool. The
lack of salt water has been a
persistent problem, as animals
like seals are kept in chlorinated
water, which burns their eyes.
Zoo owners apply double
standards to animal care. One
zoo refused to release Orcas,
caliming it would disrupt the wild
population. But when Hyak, a
captive orca, died, they dumped
his body into the Georgia Strait.
Lifeforce continually
attempts to protect caged animals.
On 27 March, they have scheduled
a meeting with Stanley Park Zoo
to discuss the future of the animals
after the zoo closes. They will help
.decide the fate of polar bears,
penguins, arctic wolves, a deer,
river otters and a few different
primates. j§ m gam mg
by Catherine MacMillan
Planet earth is a closed system
with limited resources. To ensure
the earth can sustain the ever-
increasing human population
without suffering irreparable
damage, it is necessary to begin
thinking in terms of sustainability.
The solution begins with an
inventory of our present lifestyle.
Once we realise the impact our
activities have on the global
ecosystem we can begin to
identify things that are
not sustainable, such as
the   production   of
wasteful foods, and
gradually phase them
Everything we eat
represents hidden
environmental and social
costs that are often not
accurately reflected in the price
paid by consumers. There are
certain food choices that involve
more of these hidden costs than
others. An animal product-based
diet takes a serious toll on the earth
and is unlikely to fulfill the criteria
of a sustainable means of food
In addition to using more
resources per pound of food
produced, animal products also
contribute to the degradation of
our lands and produce excessive
waste. Lands that
once provided
homes for wildlife
are altered to fulfill
the grazing
requirements of
cattle and sheep. When wild
creatures visit their former homes
in search of food they are destroyed
because their existence conflicts
with that of livestock.
According to Agriculture
Canada, it takes four acres of land
to feed one Canadian, compared to
the half-acre that supports a
Canadian eating no animal
products. Reducing our
consumption of animal products is
an effective way of reducing human
impact on the
of agriculture reported
"controlling" 2.2 million animals
viewed by farmers
and livestock
are used to graze cattle and sheep,
the other species who used to live in
these areas lose their habitat. Fences
designed to keep cows in a given
area also prevent wildlife from
moving freely in search of food and
protecting themselves from
Wildlife suffers in other ways
as pestilent. These
undesirables included mountain
lions, lynx, foxes, gophers, beavers,
prairie dogs and ravens.
One of the most alarming
ecological trends of the past decade
is the desertification of once fertile
lands. The four main causes of this
are overgrazing, overcultivation,
deforestation   and   improper
least efficient plant food is nearly
ten times as efficient as the most
efficient animal food in converting
energy. Feeding plant matter to
animals and then eating them
unnecessary     and
wasteful. Each step from
pasture      to      plate
consumes  energy—
grain     cultivation,
harvesting, storage,
fertilization,       and
chemical spraying. In
addition there is feeding,
watering, washing,
transporting, slaughtering,
retransporting,   butchering,
packaging and retransporting to
the consumer of the animals. It is
simply not an efficient way to feed
the world.
Another significant problem
encountered by those who raise
large numbers of animals for food
is waste disposal. The
intensification of livestock
production means there are more
animals than ever on the same size
farm. Much of the manure once
spread on the fields as fertilizer
now has to
Eating with the earth in mind
at the hands of livestock production.
The permit for the compound 1080
poison used in the controversial BC
wolf control program describes the
poison as "a predacide for the
reactive control of coyotes and
wolves for the protection of
domestic livestock and public
in 1992 the animal damage
control ] jranch of the US department
irrigation. Worldwide, the regions
showing the worst signs of
desertification are all cattle-
producing areas, and include the
western US, central and south
America, Australia and sub-
saharan Africa.
Soil erosion is one element of
the desertification process. The
Canadian prairies have already lost
30 to 50 per cent of their topsoil.
The constant pounding of heavy
hooves causes soil to compact,
making it less able to hold water,
which then flows over the surface
carrying away valuable soil.
The production of cattle is not
an energy efficient operation. The
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be stored
for months
at a time.
typical BC
dairy operation with 100 milking
cows produces 474 cubic feet of
waste per day. In the largest
feedlots in the US with 100,000
cattle, the disposal problems are
equal to that or a city of 1.6 million
people. The difference is that
feedlots do not have sewage
treatment facilities. Human beings
face serious problems in the
treatment and disposal of our own
organic waste—one has to wonder
at the wisdom of raising millions of
additional creatures when it only
adds to the problem.
The cattle culture is a part of
our heritage. Cattle farming has
been a tradition in some families
for over a hundred years. As much
as we kook upon our p ast with pride
and satisfaction, the time has_come
for change.
Animal research at UBC: a big killing joke
by Don Jacobs
You may or may not be aware that there are a number of unnecessary
experiments done on animals at this progressive institution we call UBC.
The mere fact that UBC promotes and continues these unscientific and
barbaric practices through its teaching is telling in itself. Delving into the sheer
numbers and details, it can be seen that many of these experiments are repetitious
or are carried out for "pure science" rather than supposed health benefits.
Just how bad is it? You may want to see for yourself—well, you can't. Most
labs are heavily guarded from public eyes. Researchers realize that if the public
was able to see what was going on, there would be a huge outcry.
The more corporate the research, the more secrecy there is. According to a
professor of biopsychology, the department spends $50,000 a year on security
because of "them"—"those animal rights extremists." But if the research that is
going on is so valid, why the secrecy? What are they hiding? And what are they
doing with our tax dollars?
There have been attempts to find out what exactly is going on. In 1982, the
Vancouver SPCA formed a committee with a mandate to discover what is
happening at UBC. The committee did not get access to any research, but they did
manage to see some holding facilities and spent one hour discussing research
projects with some researchers. All in all, not much knowledge was gained about
UBC's activities.
The BCSPCA felt that the Vancouver branch was jeopardizing their
negotiations at UBC and threatened them with the removal of their jurisdiction
in Vancouver if they did not stop their investigations.
The university may claim that the secrecy protects their research from animal
rights "extremists," but is it extreme to simply want to know the truth?
Ingrid Pollak of the Vancouver Humane Society said that "as a Canadian
taxpayer, I find it disgusting that the federal government and the research
community are in cahoots together for not allowing the taxpayer, who is funding
research, to know what is being done with their money. Everything done to
animals in the name of research is confidential."
"Through investigations of research protocols, especially in the department
of psychology, I can only conclude that the tax dollars spent often seemed to be
for unethical research and a total waste of money," she said.
"The work at UBC was repetitive, yielded similar results that had been
shown over and over again, and the treatment of animals was rather abusive. It
seemed that research had diminished to nothing more than a business."
At the UBC laboratories at the Vancouver General Hospital Eye Care Centre,
Max Cynader has been blinding hundreds of animals over the past 20 years and
has not produced a single breakthrough to help people with eye problems.
Cynader and his colleagues are subjecting kittens and other animals to two-
year isolation, paralysis in restraint devices, surgical mutilations, eye removal
and total blindness in a futile attempt to understand
human eye disorders.
Many animal experimenters feel that science is being
attacked. Conversely, many scientists say that using
animals as a model for humans has built-in, unknown,
inaccuracies for human conditions. So who is promoting
bad science?
At the top of the food chain
Enforced hibernation.
Choosing between good and bad science
by Lisa Penney
Experimentation on animals has long been accepted as
the testing ground for new human medicines and procedures.
Now, people are increasingly realizing how potentially
dangerous and unscientific this assumption can be.
Current biological knowledge cannot, by definition of
the complexity of life, be 100 per cent comprehensive. Human
arrogance results in the belief that we know where all
biological differences lie.
Animal experiments provide data that may or may not
accurately relate to human diseases. There is no shortage of
cases showing radically different responses in different
species, sometimes even within species, to the same substance.
Penicillin, for example, is fatal to guinea pigs. Cats
cannot tolerate aspirin. Strychnine is harmless to guinea
pigs, chickens and monkeys in amounts that would be capable
of giving an entire human family convulsions. Amyl nitrate
raises the internal pressure in dogs eyes to dangerous levels,
but reduces the pressure in the human eye. Sheep can swallow
enornous quantities of arsenic. And chimpanzees are the
only species other than humans to harbor HIV in their
bodies, but they do not go on to develop the disease.
Animal models of human diseases are subjected to
artificial conditions, such as induced disease, trauma and
severe stress. A true scientist should question the validity of
this data.
There is a growing list of drugs which are tested on
animals, generally for legal reasons, that have caused side-
effects as serious as death in humans. Examples include
Eraldin, Opren, DES, Halcyon, chloramphenicol, clioquinol,
thalidomide, Flosint, Ibufenac and Zelmid.
In 1982 the anti-inflammatory drug Opren was
withdrawn in Britain, after 3500 reports of side-effects
including 61 deaths due to liver damage. This after year-long
tests in which rhesus monkeys were given up to seven times
the human dose, and revealed no evidence of toxicity.
Clinical trials and human tissue cultures provide more
accurate methods of testing. Prevention and natural
medicines that treat the whole body rather than the symptom
alone present a more common-sense approach to health.
Chinese herbalists and acupuncturists have successfully
treated people for hundreds of years without animal research.
Chinese medicine has been shown to be highly effective
in boosting the immune system of AIDS patients. AZT, the
AIDS drug, stops the growth of DNA and destroys bone
marrow/causes severe anemia, headaches, nausea, muscular
atrophy and damages the kidneys. It has been called "AIDS
by prescription" by Peter Duesberg, professor of molecular
and cell biology at the University of California's Berl
Medical research is a multi-billion dollar industry. E:
per cent of its research is based on animals. The
budget of the National Institute of Health (NIH) ii
United States was $8.6 billion in 1991. This is in additi
the pharmaceutical companies and health agencies w
provide vast amounts of funding for similar research.
The basic rationale for animal research is that live;
are saved by sacrificing others. It presumes a choice
between a child or a "lesser species," like an animal.
But animal-based research diverts attention fron
study of humans. It fails to provide information on dange
human side-effects.
The choice is not between a child and an an:
Vivisection will take the life of both child and animal
choice lies between good science and bad science.
What you can do:
—Write to your MP or MLA.
=Refuse to participate in what you do not feel comfortable
—Speak out.
—Call Lifeforce (an ecology and health organization) at 299-
or the Vancouver Humane Society 266-9744.
by Justine Dawson
Enter any grocery store and
you will find a full aisle of meat—
red, fresh and butchered. Cleansed
of blood arid sealed in plastic, it
seldom resembles the animal it once
Pound, cut and ground into
foreign shapes, cow is turned to
beef and pig to pork. Any sign of
life is taken from the flesh so when
we buy it we needn't
ourselves about the
animal that has been
sacrificed for out
consumption. The blood
is left on the hands of the
butcher whose job it is to
clean and shape the flesh
into forms acceptable to
For most of my life
this is what the meat
department has
represented to me: an
orderly, sterile place
favourably, blending in
with all the other sections
of packaged food. I was a
removed bystander,
desensitized to the life I
would be consuming.
Two years ago I
travelled to East Africa
where consuming meat is
not such a pleasant
experience. There, the
animals served on my
plate were the same ones I
had played with in the
field or seen wandering
about the compound.
They wera a part of my
everyday life and when I
became part of their killing
I was confronted with the reality of
For a certain celebration goat
was on the menu, so one was chosen
from the field. Walking to the
slaughter site I watched it nibbling
on the grass and glancing about. It
has no idea what was corning, I
thought. This was the last moment
of this animal's life and it had no
Once thrown to the ground the
goat sensed the danger. As the knife
touched its throat there were the
most awful cries and a look of pure
terror in its eyes. At first it struggled
to escape, but soon realized its end
had come and so submitted. Soon
its head was severed and the body
was ready for preparation.
The next I saw of the goat were
its ribs on my plate. They could
have been the ribs of any
supermarket pack? ge, yet for some
reason I could not eat them. Every
time I looked at the meat I saw
those eyes and I knew that I was
responsible for its death. This time,
the blood was on my hands.
At the end of the summer I
returned to my Safeway, sheltered
once again since I no longer had to
think about the life of the meat I
ate. No eyes would be questioning
me. Then I began to doubt my
"modern" experience; my removal
from the process of life and death,
and the lack of feeling I had for
plastic-wrapped sausage. I again
began to sense the life I was eating;
I could feel the texture of the flesh
and taste the richness of the blood.
In a discussion I had on the
issue, a friend made a valid point
regarding an advertisement that
was showing at the time. In this ad,
a crowd cheered for a "beautiful"
meal as a cook entered with a
golden, roasted turkey.
No one would be cheering
if that meal was grilled
human flesh, we decided.
Who are we to judge
the value of life? Who are
we to say that animals are
less worthy of existence,
of less value to this earth
than ourselves? I am
personally not certain
enough of my own eternal
importance to make such
godly judgements.
Some claim that it is
natural to eat meat, that
humans have done it since
our beginning and aren't
about to change. This is a
short-sighted excuse.
Have we not created
religion, questioned the
meaning of life and
contemplated the extent
of our universe? Can we
say that we have not
changed since the first
homo sapiens? It would
be sad to believe that in
such an extent of time we
have established no
morality. This is simply
not true.
The truth is that humans have
better judgement. We have the
ability to understand the sacrifices
that have been made for us.
Unfortunately, we choose, more
often than not, to ignore this
knowledge. It is considerably easier
to shut out feelings of guilt than
confront the possibility of personal
sacrifice. We will then have no need
to question ourselves and our way
of living. 12 THE UBYSSEY
urinK more mint ana you're in trouble
by Graham Cook
"Mad cow disease" is not the
only threat to dairy cows and
human consumers of dairy
Bovine growth hormone
(BGH) is a hormone touted as a
boon to dairy farmers. But several
groups believe the hormone will
simply increase the profits of
larger dairy producers while
placing the safety of milk at risk.
"The use of BGH will destroy
consumer confidence in milk and
dairy products, will push family
farmers out ofbusiness, will harm
dairy cows, and will pose potential
human health threats that have
been inadequately examined by
the companies or the [US] food
and drug administration (FDA),"
said John Stauber of the Pure
Food Campaign to Boycott BGH.
BGH stimulates growth in
young calves and milk production
in adult cows.
The increased "productivity"
of cows treated with BGH will
mean a downward push on milk
prices due to greater supply, even
under Canada's regulated milk
marketing board system—and
small farmers will be the least
able to deal with the price drop.
The approval of BGH would
also increase the need to place
dairy cows on high energy,
rendered (ground-up) animal
protein-based diets. This
increases the risk of spreading
"mad cow"-like diseases such as
TSB [see story].
In addition, BGH increases
the incidence of mastitis, a
painful inflammation of the
udder, which results in increased
levels of bacterial pus and
antibiotics in milk.
"Biotechnology should be
carefully reviewed by a skeptical
public. The decisions on genetic
engineering are much too
important to be left to corporate
funded scientists," Stauber said.
"These decisions must be
democratically debated and
decided after a complete review
of the ethical, ecological, economic
and social implications. To do
otherwise would be to repeat the
mistakes of chemical and nuclear
technologies," he said.
BGH has recently been
approved for use in the US but is
still under consideration in
With files from Boycott
Quarterly Magazine
Mad cow disease poses a threat to people, too
by Holly Berger
"If an evil force could devise
an agent capable of damaging the
human race, he would make it
indestructible, distribute it as
widely as possible in animal food
so that it would pass to man, and
program it to cause disease slowly
so that everyone would have been
exposed to it before there was any
awareness of its presence," said
Richard Lacey, a microbiologist
at Leeds university.
Lacey is referring to bovine
spongiform encepalopathy (BSE),
better known as the "mad cow
disease." The disease first
appeared in Britain in 1986. Since
then, more that 80,000 cows
thought to be infected with BSE
have been destroyed in the UK—
and a disease like BSE may be
linked to human deaths.
BSE is a degenerative disease
that forms microscopic sponge-like
holes in the cow's brain. Symptoms
take several years to develop, but
once they appear, progress is
Infected cows display a
nervous and irritable dementia,
lose coordination of their limbs,
and may become violent. The brain
shrivels and becomes more porous
like a sponge, and the disease is
always fatal.
BSE has been reported in
Europe and the Middle East, and
recently was confirmed in an
Alberta cattle herd. Agriculture
Canada has ordered nearly 300
cattle destroyed as a
precautionary measure.
"There is no scientific proof
the disease does spread, but
there's no ironclad proof it will
not," said
Stan  Petran  of agriculture
The recent practice of using
rendered (ground up) remains of
cows and sheep as cattle feed may
be responsible for the outbreak.
Sheep, for example, are
susceptible to the disease
"scrapie," a transmissible
spongiform encephalopathy
(TSE) which survives the
rendering process. TSE can be
transmitted to animals that
consume feed made from infected
animal remains.
After the BSE outbreak in
the UK, the British government
stated the disease could not be
transmitted to humans. However,
the outbreak is one factor behind
recent a recent decrease in British
beef consumption and a move by
more than 2000 public schools to
stop serving beef to children.
The TSE agent has been
shown to "jump" species through
infected meat. It has been
transmitted from sheep to cows,
to zoo animals, farmed mink, and
in laboratory conditions, to
And there is some evidence
that TSE does not stop there. In
humans, TSE has been linked to
diseases like Creutzfeldt-Jacob
Disease (CJD), Gerstman-
Straussler Syndrome (in
Germany), and Kuru (among
Pacific islanders).
The latency period from
exposure to CJD and the
appearance of dementia ranges
from 10 to 30 years. Within a year
of the appearance of symptoms,
CJD is almost 100 per cent fatal.
In 1993, Victoria Rimmer of
Wales developed CJD. Medical
researchers in Britain ruled, out
all causes other than contact with
TSE-infected animal tissue.
"We think this is the first
certain case of infecting a member
of the human race by this method,"
said Lacey of Leeds university.
Other alleged cases of human
infection included British dairy
farmers who had eaten beef,
drunk milk from their cows and
handled the animals.
TSE is hardy stuff, surviving
temperatures as high as 360
Celsius. Approximately 14
percent of all cattle (by mass)
being fed back to other cattle in
the form of rendered animal
protein, and current rendering
processes are not effective in
killing TSE. There is therefore a
severe risk animals ingesting such
protein may be exposed to TSE
In the latter half of 1989, the
UK concluded their BSE outbreak
resulted from the inclusion of
infected cattle in the rendering
process used to manufacture
This concern has led the UK
to place an ongoing ban on the use
of animal protein in animal foods
intended for ruminant animal
consumption. Agriculture
Canada, the FDA and the USDA
have yet to ban the practice, or to
undertake a , significant
epidemiological study to
determine the prevalence of TSE-
like diseases among cattle or CJD
Women Students' Office Sexual Harassment Office Student Health Outreach Ho^
Did You Know?
Sexual assault is extremely under-reported!
Due to the sensitive nature of sexual assault not all incidents are
reported to the police, therefore the following findings which are
consistent with both Canadian and U.S. studies, under-represent
the frequency of sexual assault.
The majority of incidents involve women between the ages of 17
and 24 — 78% of sexual assault victims are 21 and under.
Men also experience sexual assault. Between 3-10% of all sexual
assault survivors are male. Virtually all of their assailants were men.
For more information or help, call:
Women Students' Office 822-2415 AMS Safety Hazard tine
Student Health Outreach 822-4858 Sexual Harassment Office
RCMP 224-1322 Student Counselling
■   -   • " WAVAW/Rape Crisis
>?oh qOTaqnp W3H Jnapms 90IHO JU9Uissbjbh pmras wgK) <sjuaprqs U9uioa\
among humans.
Due to the long incubation
period of TSE in humans, "it may
be 10 to 15 years before it can be
determined with any certainty
that BSE does not represent a
risk to the human population,"
wrote Tyrell Committee member
R.G. Will, an Edinburgh doctor,
in the 16 June 1990 issue of The
New Scientist.
"If you want to be absolutely
sure you should not eat beef and
you should not eat products
containing beef protein," he said.
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If you possess excellent verbal skills and enjoy
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822-8920 by Judy Chun ?
Signing to a major label is a reality check for most lower profile alternative rock bands these days. Things aren t much different tor Seattle
popsters Best Kissers In The World.
Drummer Tim Arnold explains on a 16 March tour stop at the Starfish Lounge that life has remained the same—and that's the way he likes
"I've always thought of a major label contract as a sort of holy grail, but since realized that it's definitely kind of a mixed bag. Aside
from being able to stop jerking expresso, nothing's changed. I wouldn't want anything to change either."
The Best Kissers's tunes reflect this kind of realism, in its standard issue guitar-heavy, melodic poppiness. Yet there's
also a suggestion of the absurdism of everyday life in lyrics of songs like "Miss Teen U.S.A.," a story of a jealousy-driven
riot, breaking out amongst the pageant's pre-pubescent, Tampax/Maybelline stylin' contestants. It's this hope for
9 lj »        escapism from the humdrum, ordinary, embodied in the band's hazy, feed-back filled live show that makes the
Best Kissers's brand of pop music a sweeter flavour.
ist Kissers In The WorldS
arfish Room .4?
Although Arnold explains that the band struggles to maintain a strong footing in reality, there remains notes
of the strange and absurd surrounding the band these days. First of all, the band has brought a brand new bass
player to Vancouver: Paul Schurr, ex-member of another poppy band from grunge-central, Flop. The band
began this tour after Schurr had been with the band for only a week—a working week (they'd only practised
together five times). And secondly, there's all those pesky questions about, and the struggle to distance
themselves from, the media's ridiculous fascination with Seattle. But according to Arnold, the Seattle
thing has only been mildly irritating, and beneficial in some respects.
"I think the signing frenzy that went on there probably didn't do any damage to us," says Arnold. "I
don't think anybody ever perceived us as, or tried to portray us as a Seattle band. And I like that."
But, the Seattle questions are inevitable and one also wonders if a band like the Best Kissers would have
been noticed if they had hailed from Creston, BC. Besides, signing with MCA has had it's own moments of
absurdity from Arnold's point of view. Cynicism is bred when one realizes that a major label and the music
industry tends to sway towards superficiality, insincerity and profit margins.
"My first contact with anyone from MCA was when we toured with School Of Fish," says
Arnold. "For about two weeks I thought that we were the hottest band in the world—
we were going to go multi-platinum. Everything was great! I soon realized
that the only people we'd been talking to are people that have somthing
at stake."
a could say
in. The X, as
^ the Spot
t in
ies as
on, and
;ic from East,
hat a previously
-high Masekela's
! The other new
ck; a disco/rap/
lanadian Devon,
roup Siyakha.
lal fees have
es it
ud, tell
Schurr interjects: "You realize vOh. They're paid to tell me
how great I am.'"
"You start to wonder," Arnold continues, "Do they
really like us? Do they listen to us in their free time? Do
they think we're marketable? I mean that's obviously
the key: can we move units?"
It seems that the major label deal is also a
learning experience for today's alternative bands.
Schurr also is cynical about the emphasis on
marketing in the majors, and the way that the
MTV generation has become so malleable in
musical taste.
"It means you can shove anything down
people's throats, if you spend enough money
and then they'll all think they like it," says
The Best Kissers seem to enjoy themselves at
the Starfish Lounge, doing one of the remaining
positive things about the biz—playing live
to fans, not the industry hacks. And for this
reason, besides the cynicism and
continual reality checks, the Best
Kissers will probably be giving their
fans a few minutes of blissful pop
music escapism for many years
to come.
"Learning all that about
music," says Schurr, "you
have to work really hard
to still remember all the
things that you like about
it—the reasons why you
wanted to be in a band
in the first place.
Because so many
things about it
are  just   so
"Whenever I hear the
word (MSMMKB, I take
out my gun."
-Joseph Goebbles,
Nazi minister of propaganda
|Artisti 9
^   The Alma Mater Society Art ^
fe;   Gallery invites you to submit ^5
Sfc   your work for display in the SUB >S
^   Gallery's 1994/95 season. ^
j^   Application forms are available ^j
•^   in SUB room 238. The submis- ^
•^   sion deadline is no later than ^j
^   430 p.m., Friday, May 27,1994 ^j
gM? 0%
^c leaning and *,0^
A new Sunday night
campus gathering.
7:30 pm at Regent College
(University Blvd. / Wesbrook Mall)
# Contemporary Bands
# Talks on relevant campus issues
from a christian world view
March 27
Who Hears the Tree Fall?
and the Rape of the Earth STUDENT DISCIPLINE
Under clause 58 of the University Act the President of the University has authority
to impose discipline on students for academic and non-academic offences. In the past the nature of
the offences dealt with and the penalties imposed have not been generally made known on the campus. It has been decided, however, that a summary should be published on a regular basis of the
offences and of the discipline imposed without disclosing the names of students involved.
In the period October 1, 1993 to February 28, 1994, 20 students were disciplined. For each case,
the events leading to the imposition of the discipline and the discipline imposed are summarized
below. Discipline may vary depending upon all of the circumstances of a particular case.
1. A student used abusive and obscene language and acted in an aggressive way in an incident with
an University employee.
Discipline: a letter of severe reprimand placed in the student's file and a record of the disciplinary action entered on the student's transcript. The student may apply after graduation to the
President to exercise his discretion to remove the transcript notation.
2. An inference of plagiarism could have been drawn from a draft chapter of a thesis presented to a
student's Thesis Committee.
Discipline: a letter of warning that the student should be more careful in the presentation of
material so that no question arises about inappropriate reliance on the works of others.
3. A student took another student's paper during an examination and looked at it for the purpose of
verifying his answers and he made some changes in his paper.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.*
4. A student was careless in failing to ensure that his examination paper was not accessible to others
during an examination.
Discipline: a letter of severe reprimand placed in the student's file.
5. A student's paper repeated verbatim or with only minor modification the language of a chapter of
a book resulting in the conclusion of substantial plagiarism.
Discipline: in the special circumstances of the case a mark of zero in the course and suspension
from the University for 4 months.*
6. A student plagiarized in the preparation of an essay.
Discipline: in the special circumstances of the case suspension from the University for 4 months.*
7. A student had another student write an examination for him.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 12 months.*
8. A student was careless in failing to ensure that his examination paper was not accessible to others
during an examination.
Discipline: a letter of severe reprimand placed in the student's file.
9. A student copied substantial portions of another student's paper during an examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.* An
appeal to the Senate Committee on Student Appeals on Academic Discipline resulted in changing
the dates of the term of the suspension; however the length of the suspension was unaltered.
10. A student had other students write an examination for her on two occasions.
Discipline: suspension from the University for two years.*
11. A student had another student write an examination for him.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 16 months.*
12. A student cheated on an examination by looking at another student's examination paper.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months.*
13. A student on two occasions wrote examinations for other students.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 12 months.*
14. A student copied from another student's paper during an examination and permitted the other student to copy from her paper.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 12 months.*
15. A student had another student write an examination for him.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 16 months.*
16. A student had another student write an examination for him.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 12 months.*
17. A student had another student write an examination for him.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 16 months.*
18. A student copied from another student's paper during an examination and permitted the other student to copy from her paper.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 12 months.*
19. A student cheated on an examination by having written information on the palm of her hand.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 4 months.*
20. A student wrote an examination for another student.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 16 months.*
* In all cases in which a student is suspended a notation is entered on the student's transcript and in
the student's file. At any time after two years have elapsed from the date of his or her graduation
the student may apply to the President to exercise his discretion to remove the notation.
Students under disciplinary suspension from UBC may not take courses at other institutions for
transfer of credit back to UBC.
Give me freedom.
I can see the inlet
we are close to
the water. About
two fields away
(diving from the window)
or more Icarus
On the water   there is a slight
and some rain.
In the room stuffed with staleness
the chairs are screwed
in place so no one takes them sailing.
call it what you will.
I'll take it anytime over
|["Wf MBMk HPp MM BWftk jflj^k m m
R  pl^PcflMfeWllrAl^^Hl^ »WB
sleep and slower
Cutting snowflakes
From soft tissues,
My long tissues,
AMlffc6 a iJlfi El
Five pointy hedges.
VJH  m    ipu Ilk H IWILm ML.B.BffH-BU'lfc-
ALcN wliWE^
aiiSL m m.M
Scarce a j
And may
My eyes I
Look, new shiny boots!
^^ j* quiem^MSra
A lead-tongued fool.
A social mule.
A silent child.
Nothing doing,
So we just sit.
I hum for a bit.
And you casually
Cut your snowflakes
With chancing glances
My lungs are dancing
In a leaden frame.
No turning back, words could not
Placing oni
Never Feeling
Trying not to smother
While he was stealing
All that you are ;
And all that you i
Time stood still, there was no
Always frozen
Only pain and sorrow
Wallowing, self-loathin'
Of all that you are and were
And all that you could be
And so you took a knife
"Hiid .nTOiarytJU coulcroe Jp
Feelings thaw
Like a stallion, free, for women you
Refusal of what you saw
Reclaiming all that you are
And all that you could be Random breezes whisper
To fading flower-clusters
Fallen, sere,
They are ren
Of one life.
A holy hush drapes,
And petals seem things in some
procession of
The Dead.
Laughter tumbles,
Transluscent with a dawning,
And immortality
In this arid night
Darkens like water-lights,
Ephemeral as soul
And as frail.
(From Humor Papers by Prof.
Jeremiah Mue)
On winning national selection as the
new government
house resident
My brilliant record will earn me the
title of Most
Worthy President
I will promote projects that will
rejuvenate our
nation's economy
And historical investigation will
confirm the validity
of their instigation.
There will be declared a continent
wide closed season
Forbidding anyone to assert our
economic policy
Is not founded on sound financial
Heralding the dawn of a era of
monetary reform
Anyone wanting to have more money
Will receive it from now on.
No longer need anyone feel a lack
Or be forlorn
Because into gambling their money
has flown
If they now wish to exercise their
To receive money
just when
and as they like
Turn the presses rolling-all
To have such an abundance of
Is like living on a diet with
cake and honey.
Those who find free money an
appalling attraction
That is slowly, but surely, driving
them to
mental distraction
Will belong to the irrational faction,
J^ir"^ KffiSignaSSniMi
And bitter dissatisfaction.
Giving it to them you
people say
We have never known such wealth
Before this happy day.
We live in an age of quotidian quandaries. The modernist's perpetual condition
of alienation and angst is now an impossibility (if it ever was a possibility), now
rendered merely a dream of rebellious "individuality" by the amorphous, all-
encompassing reality of postmodern society. To pretend otherwise, to wear our
Buzz-cuts, Dreads and Doc Martens (or is it Birkenstocks? I always get these
fuckin categories mixed up!), Crew-cuts and Mountain Co-ops AS IF THESE
COSTUMES MEANT SOMETHING, is merely a transparent attempt to resurrect
the illusion of individuality (try not to take this too personally; if it makes you feel
any better, I perform the same kind of voodoo). While we savour the last pieces
of grist and fat from the steak that was post-WWII capitalism, why waste our time
restricting ourselves to just one brand+=personality? Our baby boomer masters
throw us a crappy life preserver from their leaky raft, the delusion that we too can
buy an identity, and we kill ourselves renouncing it all, or even worse working to
pay for it??!! I say fuck the either/or, let us buy it all so completely we drown in this
shit sea of postmodern textuality and dream a brave new world of our own.
The first step is to forever let go of that modernist ethos of individuality that we
seem to be dragging around. Our media industry has already replaced the last
vestiges of individuality for us with a plethora of consumable, ready-made
personalities. Admit it, we don't just want to be like someone we admire, we
actually want to be that person. When we go to watch sports or film (or whatever
it is that turns our crank), we really go to live the experience. For example, friends
the old growth either, and sooner than we all think they will be bit players without
any more roles, so why envy them their little moment in the "sun" (especially seeing
that there is very little ozone to protect them)? Let us be bigger than that.
What I am trying to say is that we have all already lost. The "Environmentalist"
movement has now become just a misguided attempt to form "meaningful"
personalities. Whatever legitimacy and authenticity the signifier "Environmentalist"
had has now been diffused by the attempt to distance ourselves from reponsibility:
face it, the fight is over and we have all lost, so let's cut the rhetoric, forgive each
other and figure out how to narrate this sad and ugly chapter in our history so we
can understand it. I really believe that what causes many of us to bitch about (as
opposed to lament) the forest now, or about anything else, is the fact that our
generation must foot the bill for the party our parents threw between the 70s and
the 90s; unfortunately but inescapably, it is for us to remake what is left of
"democracy" into something resembling a just society. Yes, our parents were too
busy worrying about their RRSPs, but does that absolve us of what must be done?
Seeing as how we have no money at all to hoard, I say no.
Generation X posturing aside, while some may lament this state of affairs I
will only go so far as to say this state of general confusion is the only feature of
postmodern life that offers any opportunity for redemption. The first step on the
road to the promised land is through a process I call "inclusionary bewilderment."
We could rejuvenate a sense of shared purpose by the conscious pursuit of what
tell me that they not only wish they could be the actor/actress/athlete, they wish
they could be the character(s) living in the story-world of the event itself. We are
no longer content with "entertainment," we want the complete attainment of our
illusionary fantasies.
An interesting corollary to this is that the "boundary" between illusion and
reality isn't just blurred, it has been utterly eradicated. The media has marketed the
illusion so successfully that we all believe, and I mean that in the Old Testament
sense, that to be rich/rebellious, beautiful/hideous, intelligent/brainless as long as
famous is to be someone. Yes, I know you've heard this all before, but then why
bother pretending otherwise, or why be satisfied with only one of the above
Why not consciously practice that which we desire, but with a little less
earnestness and a lot more imagination. There is no ontological difference between
the signifiers "bell hooks," "Tom Cruise" and "Margaret Thatcher," especially in
the operation of these terms as culturally sanctioned modes of ontogenesis. These
terms are thus completely arbitrary means of individuation, ways to differ
people have mistakenly called "illusions." Armed with a little Socratic doubt so
as to make sure we don't take ourselves too seriously, we could all just "vogue-
it" until we drown in multiple personalities.
To explicate this assertion, I exhort you to pursue "aestheticism" a la Oscar
Wilde. Way back in what now seems the dark age of the 19th century, Wilde was
already extolling the virtues of form over function, art over life, multiple-personalities
over the "poverty of individuality." To illustrate this idea, yesterday I woke up a
Merchant banker with an obscene amount of money and well connected parents.
I spent the rest of the day walking around the Financial district with my last Byblos
suit (that I'm probably going to have to sell to pay for tuition in May) on and
briefcase in hand and ended up having a late lunch with a beautiful insurance agent
who bought every single one of the most outrageous lies (and I do mean outrageous)
I could think of.
She was so desperately trying to please-screw/sell-buy me (at least the "me"
she imagined I was) I allowed her to pay for what turned out to be a very tasty and
expensive liquid lunch. I then felt the least I could do was take her card and
ourselves from the "other" and defer the moment of discovery, the discovery that
there is no "authentic" self. So why limit yourself to questions of either/or, why
not be as many as you can?
Poststructuralist rhetoric aside, the reason I am arguing for a rejection of the
pursuit of an "authentic" personality is that it is not only too late (assuming there
ever was such a thing), but that it takes our attention away from whatever positive
options we may be able to create. For example, trying to become an
"Environmentalist" (like I did) involves one in a pointless adversarial relationship
that is "self-defeating. I am not saying don't, but ask yourself first why you are
doing it; why do "Environmentalists" take themselves so damn seriously; and why
do they champion Environmentalism to the exclusion of all else?
Just think about a few things first. "Environmentalists" scream about saving
the old-growth, but haven't you ever wondered what old-growth forest they are
yelling about? Is it that paltry 10% they tell us remains, and is it not that same 10%
promise that when it came time to take out that 25 million dollar life insurance
policy I would be sure to call her first. So, you begin to see at least the subversive
possibilities; believe me, infinite horizons await all of us if we just accept what
life wants for us. Embrace your confusion and paint your blankness whatever
colours you choose (the more the better), as long as you're aware that you are
practicing nothing more "real" than anyone else.
Finally, although poststructuralist theory can support, and postmodern
cultural conditions can create limitless modalities of choice, I'm not saying "Be all
you can be"" in some kind of fascist hopefulness for "ambitious" and "efficient"
people, I'm saying "Be as many as you possibly can" in a kind of critical
eclecticism. It is still the individual's responsibility to be aware of and accept the
consequences of his/her actions. Wallow in your bewilderment, consume whatever
vestiges of individuality you pretend to possess, and dream like you taste
chocolate while you drown in this sea of shit called postmodern society. You will
that the forest industry has recently been granted the legal right to "selectively'
log? In military terms, "Environmentalists" are merely engaged in negotiating a
honourable surrender. Now I am not saying we should abandon these negotiations
for an honourable peace, I'm just saying we should look at the situation with our
eyes open to the facts. We need to focus on what the real motivations were/are in
narrating the forestry debate using exclusionary methods like "its us against them,"
or why we always pretend that someone else is to blame for what went wrong.
For instance, pointing fingers at forest company CEO's (or lapdogs like our
very own Strangway) and accusing them of moral bankruptcy implies that they
were in control, that they somehow could have avoided practicing "cost-effecti ve"
logging practices like clear-cutting. This is of course nonsense. If they had refused
to use "cost-effective" methods for ethical reasons, our baby boomer parents, who
just happen to be the shareholders in these companies, would have just fired them
and replaced them with more "efficient" and pliable capitalists.
■ Anyway, the party of rampant consumerism is coming to a close, and yes
we came to late to save the forest and/or get a substantial slice of the pie, but we
all bought, enjoyed and consumed the wood products and we thus we are all to
blame: we are all caught in the morally bankrupt logic of late capitalism to one
degree or another. Our despised captains of industry were/are mere juvenile
delinquents along for a joy ride, drunk on the heady fumes of the all-mighty dollar,
their seemingly well thought out policies of environmental rape and social coercion
the actors' mouthing of their lines. Remember, their children won't be able to enjoy
wake up with the taste of a "real" chocolate birthday cake in your mouth, and from
a party you didn't just waiter or crash, but'were actually invited to. By accepting
your right to aestheticize your life, you' ve extended that right to everyone else too,
and thus as far as I'm concerned we would be about as close as we could come to
living together in the way we were supposed to.
(A Post
Transport Canada
Transports Canada
Transport Canada - Air Traffic Services Pacific Region is accepting
applications for air traffic controllers for the Vancouver Area Control
Centre, Richmond, B.C.
Are you at least 18 years of age?
Have you successfully completed secondary school,
or an equivalent?
Are you a Canadian citizen or landed immigrant?
Are you in good health?
Do you have normal colour perception and good eyesight?
Do you have excellent hearing and diction?
Are you decisive?
Are you good at basic mathematics?
Are you willing to work shifts?
Are you willing to dedicate a period of time to a training program
that entails hard work, study, and short-term relocation?
If you've answered "yes" to these questions and are interested in
receiving more information about a career as an air traffic controller,
simply fill out the coupon below and mail it to: Transport Canada -
Regional Staffing Officer, Suite 620, 800 Burrard Street, Vancouver,
B.C. V6Z2J8
Transport Canada is an equal opportunity employer.
Lesbian imagination in Main
by tanya battersby
In an increasingly visual and
technologically-produced culture,
drawing stands out as a simple,
yet powerful, art form. And in a
society saturated with
heterosexual images, an
exhibition featuring lesbian sexual
imagination makes visible erotic
the Island of Lesbos, an example
of the fine line that can exist
between the imaginary and the
real, pictures an orgiastic scene
of naked women, some in various
stages of ecstasy, others wielding
knives or holding up bleeding,
castrated penises. In this reversal
of the much-romanticized band of
of the erotic. Never static, the open,
unfinished sense of a drawing
allows the audience a feeling of
connection with the artist.
This connection is present in
Ellen Cantor's series of lines
drawn in felt pen in the yellowing
pages of an old paperback book. It
is as though, in the midst of sex,
Captured Pirates on the Island of Lesbos
perspectives largely absent from
the culture as a whole.
part FANTASY: the sexual
imagination of nine lesbian artists
explored through the medium of
drawing, an exhibition currently
on display at UBC's Fine Arts
Gallery, offers a variety of
representations of women's sexual
desires for women in the very
tangible form of drawings.
The title, part FANTASY,
could mean several things. In one
sense, it might be a reference to
the sexual themes depicted in the
work. As viewers, we are asked to
question the boundaries between
fantasy and reality. Nicole
Eisenman's Captured Pirates on
raping, pillaging male pirates, the
stereotype of the "castrating
lesbian" is parodied, but the piece
is seriously, chaotically angry.
A different meaning of part
FANTASY is suggested in Elise
Dodeles' use of props in her
drawings. The reference to sex toys
as parts is explicit in "Predator
and Prey," a work in which a butch
dyke, naked except for a strap-on
dildo, meets the gaze of the viewer
Drawings are vulnerable.
Pages torn from a sketchbook,
smudged charcoal dusty on paper,
the texture of a thick pencil pulled
across a slightly pocked surface.
Drawing is an excellent medium
she grabbed the nearest materials
and drew a feeling that just had to
be recorded.
Putting words to these images
is an exercise in the limitations of
language. The multitude of forms
of sexual expression and
interaction between women
ultimately get reduced in language
to the single term "lesbian."
These images are a testimony
to the variety of possibilities
"lesbian" represents. part
FANTASY offers a few fragments
which begin to explore a realm
which has been suppressed,
ignored, or at best, stereotyped in
mainstream art until now.
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Environmentalists cry wolf
by Tanya Storr
The BC government continues
to kill wolves, although
environmentalists claim the "wolf
control program" is a sham.
According to BC Wildlife
Branch deputy director Bill
Munroe, the current wolf kill in
BC targets wolves that prey on
ranch livestock in the Interior.
Wolves are either shot, trapped,
or killed with a poison called
compound 1080.
Munroe said between 600-800
wolves per year are killed in BC
through the government program
and government controlled
hunting and trapping.
But research carried out by
Voices for the Wolf, a group
opposed to the wolf kill, reveals
the figure is closer to 1200 wolves
per year. Voices for the Wolf
member Aaron Can tour explained
the government statistics do not
take into account illegal kills.
"Many illegal kills occur out
of season or in areas closed to wolf
hunting," Cantour said.
Skye Fornasier, also a
member of Voices for the Wolf,
said BC's wolf population has
declined drastically over the past
six years.
"There were 20,000 wolves in
BC in 1988, and there are between
3000-11,000 wolves now. That's a
loss of 9000-17,000 wolves," she
Of the total number of wolves
killed yearly Munroe said roughly
100 are poisoned with compound
1080, but Voices for the Wolf
research reveals the number is
closer to 365.
Killer compound
According to Voices for the
Wolf, the government also
downplays the effects of compound
1080 on the environment. Munroe
said the government uses
compound 1080 as a last resort
after trapping and hunting, and
that it is the best poison to use.
"We use 1080 because the
choices of poisons boil down to
cyanide, strychnine, or 1080, and
the first two are more gruesome.
They are lethal to a whole
spectrum of animals, but 1080 is
much more specific because as the mouth, and then dies from
canines are much more susceptible cardiac arrest, progressive failure
to it.  Compound  1080 is also    of the central nervous system, or
The nature of the wolf
Activists opposed to the wolf
kill cite the wolves' indigenous
to justify blaming the wolf, they have to show
they're killing the wolf every year
biodegradable," Munroe said.
Fornasier disagreed, saying
Voices for the Wolf has
documented evidence proving
compound 1080 enters the food
chain and affects others species.
Cantour said the government
data "is obviously cooked" because
while it admits to secondary
poisoning, the animals killed are
all "non-inflammatory animals
like ravens, coyotes, and skunks."
Cantour pointed to eagles and
other endangered species that are
suspiciously absent from the list.
"In the past five years, the
government has accounted for the
animals killed by all but two of its
compound 1080 baits. This figure
is unrealistically high.
"There's no way you can follow
these baits, because it takes awhile
for the animals to die. An eagle
could easily fly off with the bait
and die miles away from where it
picked it up. There's no way they
can tell me they're not killing
eagles," Cantour said.
Friends of the Wolf, another
group opposed to the BC
government's wolf kill, has
documented evidence about the
extreme toxicity of compound
1080. According to their report,
compound 1080 is classified as a
"super" toxic poison, and was
banned in the US by the
Environmental Protection Agency
in 1989. Compound 1080 has no
known antidote, and one teaspoon
can kill between 30 and 100
average-sized people.
Wolves poisoned by compound
1080 face a slow and agonizing
death. The government places tiny
20 mg capsules in chunks of meat
or partially-eaten carcasses, each
capsule having the capacity to kill
one wolf.
The wolf absorbs the poison
through a mucus membrane such
respiratory arrest following severe
prolonged convulsions. Wolves
often wander at least three miles
from the bait before they collapse.
Wolves scapegoated
According to Cantour, the wolf
kill program makes as little sense
economically as it does
environmentally. Contrary to
government claims, Cantour
stated there are not a lot of wolf-
livestock interaction in BC. Less
than 100 livestock were killed by
wolves last year.
"There isn't a big problem and
it's easily addressed. They're
definitely spending more on the
1080 program than the total value
of the livestock killed right now,"
Cantour said.
Cantour said money spent on
killing wolves could be better used
to compensate ranchers for lost
livestock and implement a
guardian dog training program to
discourage wolf predation on
Some wonder why the
government is systematically
killing wolves if it makes no
environmental or economic sense.
According to Cantour, the
government has a long history of
killing wolves and it's "the way
they're used to doing things." And
outfitters who are paid to lead
hunting trips encourage the wolf
The government also sets
unrealistically high bag limits (the
amount hunters are entitled to
kill) for wolf prey species such as
caribou, moose, and deer. When
the population of these species
then drops, the government
scapegoats the wolf.
"To justify blaming the wolf,
they have to show they're killing
the wolf every year," Cantour said.
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right to be here as a strong
argument in their defense.
Voices for the Wolf member
Ken Wu said he feels the wolves
"should not be penalized for
carrying out their natural
hunting instincts.
"In any human intrusion into
the natural environment,
humans should pay the
consequences. Wolves have more
or less been eliminated from most
of southern Canada including
southwestern BC due to pressures
from human habitat
"Given the state of population
at large throughout the world we
wouldn't want the wolf to follow in
the path of other large carnivores
like the extinct eastern cougar or
the endangered grizzly bear," Wu
Voices for the Wolf member
Michael Boone said it is a myth
that wolves are a threat to hooved
"Wolves stir up a herd and
pick out the weakest animal, the
infirm. Hunters on the other hand
go after the bigger, better-looking
ones, the good genes," Boone
For these reasons Voices for
the Wolf has held two protests so
far this year, and plans to continue
fighting against the wolf kill.
"Our aim is to stop wolf kill
programs of any form in BC, except
for if it's for subsistence. If
anything humans need to be
controlled, not the wolf," Fornasier
Toss away the stereotype of the ranting, raving,
radical animal rights activist. Vivisection is a
medical, economic, and scientific issue, and its death
knell is ringing.
Vivisectionists pit the need to pursue "scientific
research" against "irrational love for animals,"
diverting the focus away from their central scientific
Vivisection is a pseudo-science.
Releasing substances tested on the wrong species
is, in essence, human experimentation. Thalidomide
babies and diethylstylbestrol cancer bear tragic
witness to an experiment gone wrong.
The first thing to question is the motive for
animal experimentation. Tests are done on the
wrong species, and their products are released to an
unsuspecting public.
Sometimes the law requires experimental data.
An experiment may be needed for research
For 20 years, UBC researchers have blinded
kittens, and there is yet to be a single breakthrough.
Two-year isolations, paralysis in restraint devices
for hours on end, surgical mutilations, and eye
removal of cats and other animals have not helped
human eye disorders.
A former International Association of
Firefighters (IAAF) medical advisor inflicted massive
burns on puppies to study a diet already known to
improve healing in humans. The diet had no effect
on dogs.
Humans cannot be similar to rats, rabbits,
minks, cats, dogs, and fetal pigs all at the same time.
Information cannot be extrapolated between
species—not even between mice and rats. Animal-
tested substances can have erratic side effects on
humans, and vice versa. If Fleming used guinea pigs
as subjects, humanity would have missed antibiotics.
Penicillin kills Guinea pigs.
Humans are the only true bipeds—mammals
who walk on two legs. This makes their physiology
unique; their nervous, circulatory, and
cardiovascular systems vary considerably from the
general structure of four-legged animals.
Approximately 85 per cent of new drugs are recalled
from the shelves due to unexpected side effects that
never showed up in the lab rat.
Taxpayers provide the $ 1.5 million needed yearly
to keep the vivisection industry on its feet.
Vivisection's time has some. Archaic sciences
must eventually relinquish their grip on the present
to slip into the past. A complacent, silent public is
taken as a supportive public. Only with active
opposition can the money that supports vivesection
dissipate. Its time has come.
THE UBYSSEY     25 March 1994
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University Press
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the Alma Mater
Society of the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions are
those of the staff and not necessarily those of the university
administration, or of the publisher. The editorial office is Room
241Kof the Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
822-2301; advertising, 822-3977; FAX 822-9279
The night the minks rebelled Steve Scali snuck out without sayin a fuckin
word. The night the minks rebelled their leader Tanya Battersby directed the
hordes to mink Mecca, SUB241k. The trip was harrowing. Niva Chow died in a
freak accident on the U-Blvd trolley wires. But the fearless minks pressed on ,
Gregg McNally urging them on. Their goal: bite Doug Ferris' nose like the Monty
Pithon skit. Tessa Moon and Lisa Penney met an untimely end when food services
decided they looked edible. Ted Young-Ing was half-passed gone when they
crossed Westbrook Mall and it took Taivo Evard and Tanya Storr's combined
strength to save him for a Campus Pseudo-Pig's wheel. Sandra Iseman led them
the wrong way and Mandy Butcher was lost in the Cheeze, drowned in stale beer.
Teresa Yep and Will Hamlin's fate is unknown, they were lost in the bowels of
BioSci. Mike Kitchen found his way into a residence and gorged himself to death
on Graham Cook's stash of moldy marijuana, meeting St. Pete happily. Judy
Chun spied it from atop the Hill By The Bus Loop: the Student Union Building.
But their trials had just begun. Mike Mityok was found to taste good with
artichoke hearts and pi-r-squared patrons were pleasantly surprised. Woe be to
Sara Martin and Steve Chow for they died in such pain: janis boyle and bill dobie
dancing upon their trodden mink corpses. Sarah O'Donnell and Bijan Sepehri
found their way into the Pit and were propositioned twice before being found to
be an excellent burger condiment. Susan Juby found her way to the imfamous 3rd
floor, she took the knowledge of its contents to nirvana. Justine Paulson was
trapped in a pipe that was being intalled be two metres from the goal. Julie Sin
lost a battle with the pizza the had mutated in the ceiling. Siobhan Roantree and
Julie Sin were the only minks to sink their teeth into editors noses, never had
meat tasted finer. Istvan Mgyar Santucci was never the least of the last.
Coordinating Editor: Douglas Ferris
News Coordinator: Graham Cook
News Editors: Sara Martin, Taivo Evard
Culture Coordinator: Steve Chow
Culture Editor: Ted Young-Ing
Photography Coordinator: Siobhan Roantree
Production Manager: Liz van Assum
OF   UlmO   wITU OUT
Letters to the Staff
You wouldn't
know an
football if it hit
you in the groin,
It was with great
amusement (and an
unfortunate total lack of
surprise) that I read the
Ubyssey's "Media Issue" of
March 18th. The issue did
an exemplary job of
demonstrating how the
media manipulates the
mind of the reader through
bias and tainted (if not
incorrect) "news." Sadly,
however, it did so not as
thoughtful journalism, but
rather as an inept and
laughable case in point.
Your editorial's
assertions that the media
bend facts and opinion to
suit their own ends are
probably correct. What was
odd was the implication that
The Ubyssey is above that
practice, when in fact its
own agendas are not only
more transparent, but also
less rational or well-
presented than those of the
Last week's cover was a
prime example. Although
an increase in Vietnamese
immigration coinciding
directly with an increase in
heroin trafficking may be
conjectural, there is some
plausible connection
between the two. Opium, as
you know, does come from
Ms. Chow, however,
wantonly attacks these
suggestions as racist,
turning an otherwise
unrelated social problem
into an interracial football
while fanning the fire with
headlines like, "Immigrants
versus white Canada." So
does the "Sun" engender
racism with stories on
immigration and heroin
trafficking, or does The
Ubyssey engender racism by
drowning fact in paranoid
and discriminating
And incidently, if The
Ubyssey attacking the "Sun"
for "not properly verifying
the story" isn't the pot
calling the kettle of colour, I
don't know what is.
As you can see, The
Ubyssey didn't need to print
a special issue on how onesided dogma turns a
respected information
source into a worthless
propaganda sheet; that
problem gets exposed with
every issue. It would be
nice, however, to see it done
by journalistic analysis for
once, rather than by
Roger Watts
Science 4
Suck up your
drool, Harcourt
Why should I be
concerned about the
gambling casino that the
omniscient BC government
proposes to allow in
Vancouver? I'm just a
young, single, university
student-my whole life is a
gamble right now. But why
is the government
advocating gambling when
just a short time ago they
were against it? Could the
issue be mammon, and
mammon alone? Why, yes,
that's it! For the same
reason we log Clayquot,
obliterating life and eroding
the landscape, we will soon
be offering gambling, which
will surely corrode the lives
of those who become
addicted to it. The social
costs, like the
environmental costs of
Clayquot, are once again
covered with the saliva of
the drooling Mike Harcourt.
Vancouver residents have a
clearly spoken out against
the proposal, and city
council is listening. Yet
even if the council vetoes
the development, the BC
government can override
their decision. Here we have
yet another fine example of
our beloved premier
listening to the people-this
is democracy at its best!
Don't let the government
feed their greed by shoving
this down our throats. Some
things just aren't worth the
Andrew Brough
Arts 4
students please
I writing in response to
Mr. Victor Wong's letter
"more international
students please." In this
letter Mr. Wong claims that
he agrees with the principle
that "education should not
be something that the rich
can buy into;" then he says
that since we do not live in a
perfect world UBC should
open its doors to more
international students
because they can afford to
pay increased tuition.
Perhaps I am missing
something here, but it
sounds like he is advocating
education on the basis of
Further, he claims that
since the student body will
increase by ten percent that
it does not matter whether
these spots are filled by
Canadians or foreign
students. He says that if we
allow more foreign student
but increase the admission
standards for them that we
will not be cutting down the
number of spots available to
Canadians, this is a
falsehood. Regardless of
GPA requirements, any
increase in the percentage
of foreign students will mean
that there will be
correspondingly less spots
available to Canadians. This
is unfair to the tax payers of
the province because it is
not only student tuition that
keeps this university
running but tax dollars. As
a result of giving away seats
to international students it
will become more difficult
for British Columbians to
gain a spot at this university.
Students from other nations,
people whose taxes do not
help to fund this university,
will have filled them up.
Ken Ellis
Arts 4
You mean you're
not hotshit?
Last Tuesday's Ubyssey
contained a mutilated
version of the letter I sent
you, commenting on |
2^^2SB'S inaccurate
commentary on my UBC
Reports articles. Your editor
claimed my letter exceeded
the 300 word boundary, and
consequently excised nearly
100 words from the letter.
In fact, the text of my
original letter was exactly
299 words, a fact I have
confirmed by counting the
words by hand, and with
Microsoft Word.
Your "editor"
eliminated -my most
important technical
criticism  of I |'s
article. Here is a recap of
that paragraph.
Defending Florence
embarrassing omission of
male facn^virom her
survey, E^^^^||finds
salvation and significance
in a survey of 12 male and
31 female librarians.
Finding space to cite
numerous percentages and
vague questionnaire items,
n^ Roniehow
neglected to give the highly
relevant (but
embarrassingly small)
sample sizes. All those who
think these data from 12
male librarians provide
meaningful information
about more than 1450 male
Perhaps E^ESMJfeels
any data-analyticport in a
storm will do.
It is bacLfinough^hat
your writers (E 9 and
various otheriinnamed
individuals) write such
biased, erroneous material,
relying on mis-citation, and
various other forms of
misinformation. However,
the latest piece of blatant
censorship goes, in my
opinion, a bit too far. You
altered my letter, gave a
bogus excuse, then, to add
insult to injury, found it
necessary to characterize
me as a "hotshit." A pattern
has now emerged that is
pretty undeniable. Why you
find it necessary to vilify,
censor, and defame people
who express a point of view
different from your own?
Why do you lack the courage
to let your critics speak
James Steiger
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any
issue. Letters must be typed and are
not to exceed 300 words
in length. Content which isjudged
to be libelous, homophobic, sexist,
racist or factually incorrect will not be
published. Please    be
COnClSe. Letters may be edited
for DreVlty, but it is standard
Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for
spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them with identification
to SUB 24IK. Letters must include
name, faculty and signature. FRIDAY 25 MARCH 1994
Women in the Arab world: the cruel silence
With the recent passing of
International Women's Day, we
feel dismayed that for yet
another year, the world's most
gross violations of women's
rights have remained unnoticed.
We are speaking of the ignored
and highly-concealed abuse,
torture, rape and murder of
women in the Arab world—
crimes which are allowed by law
in many of the Arab states.
The 1993 US State
Department's Country Reports
on Human Rights was recently
published, and it details the
appalling maltreatment of
women in 193 countries. Once
again it was Arab nations that
dominated the list of the world's
worst most brutal abusers of
women's rights. This disgusting
and inhumane treatment of
women is largely disregarded or
downplayed by supposed human-
rights and women's-rights
groups, as well as by many
groups on campus (eg. the Arab
Students' Association, who in
their Arab week display failed to
expose the grim realities that
women in the Arab world
encounter on a daily basis). It is
precisely because of this
continuous "cruelty of silence"
that these extreme injustices
persist. In order for these grave
problems to be solved, they must
first be revealed.
Here are a few of the dismal
findings made by the US. State
Department in its Country
Reports on Human Rights,
regarding the treatment of
women in Arab countries:
1) In Morocco, husbands are
permitted, even encouraged, to
injure or kill their wives as
"punishment" for adultery. In
some cases, if a woman is caught
talking to a man, it is considered
2) In Saudi Arabia, the
"disciplining"(beating) of women
is openly encouraged. When a
married couple divorces, the
father's family gets custody of
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the children (the mother must
hand over her children as soon
as they reach the age of 7).
Women must also follow a strict
dress code (must cover their
entire body and face in public)
and are not permitted to drive
bicycles or motor vehicles. Also,
in Saudi "Shari'a" court,
testimony of one man equals
that of two women.
3) In Kuwait, women are not
allowed to vote.   Also, women
maids   are   frequently   the
victims of murders that the
Kuwaiti government routinely
dismisses as "unintentional."
Raping of maids is also very
4) In Syria, a husband can
prevent his wife from leaving
the country. In Iraq, Libya,
Jordan, Morocco, Oman, and
Yemen, married women must
have their husband's written
permission to travel abroad and
they may be prevented from
doing so for any reason.
5) Wife-beating is a very common
practice in the entire Arab world,
and abused women have little
recourse. To quote the State
"Department's 1992 Report:
"the Koran allows a husband
to discipline his wife, which some
may interpret as a license to
discipline with force... sources
in the medical field say that while
they know wife beating occurs,
by Adam Rabiner and
Eric Maerov
family and cultural norms
constrain in the victim from
seeking medical or legal help."
These are some, but not all
of the loathsome and common
abuses of women's rights in the
Arab world. What goes on behind
the "closed doors" in brutal
dictatorships like Syria and Iraq
may amount to the worst
treatment of women in the entire
One of the few writers with
the courage to expose the harsh
violations of women's rights in
the Arab world is Kanan Makiya.
His book, Cruelty and Silence,
details the routine maltreatment
of women in the brutal Arab
regimes and the Palestinian-
Unfortunately, there are not
many other Arab writers that
are willing to speak out against
the abuse of Arab women. The
reason for this is simple: they
fear the inevitable punishment.
For example, one Saudi
journalist who reported that 47
women were punished (they
were arrested and had their
passports revoked) for protesting
the ban on driving, was himself
sent to jail for five months for
just informing the western media
about the incident. It is obvious
that the Arab leaders work hard
to keep the abuses "well hidden."
The women themselves
know that they will also be
severely punished if they become
too vocal (just look at the 47
women who were imprisoned in
Saudi Arabia). No Arab nation
is democratic-there is no such
thing as freedom of expression/
speech or freedom of assembly
(freedom to protest) or due
We are not pretending that
women are not abused, raped, or
murdered and treated as inferior
in all countries of the world.
However, because of the
frequency and severity of the
oppression and abuse of women
in the Arab world, and because
the women are too frightened to
fight for the most basic of rights,
the western world must begin to
take interest in their plight. As
we claimed before, to help cure a
problem, you must first realize
that there is one. Unfortunately,
in the Arab world it seems as if
the men refuse to even admit
that there is something terribly
wrong in the way that Arab
women are treated.
The wall of silence must be
shattered. Surely, we who live
in a free and open society, must,
in the name of human decency,
act as a voice for these women
who are too afraid to speak out.
Some of this country's
most creative minds are in Canada's
insurance industry.
They're the kinds of minds that know creativity
goes far beyond art, literature or making movies.
If you're like that, why not consider a career with
Canada's property/casualty, or general insurance
industry? The industry offers a wide variety of
career choices for creative minds. Accountants
yes, but also systems analysts, lawyers, managers,
loss prevention engineers, investment specialists,
investigators, marine underwriters, aviation
adjusters and many more. The choice is yours.
General insurance is also an industry that
encourages you to acquire its own levels of
professionalism. As a Fellow or Associate of The
Insurance Institute of Canada, you would join an
educated, experienced and ethical group of
professionals equipped to pursue successful
careers at the local, provincial, national or even
international level.
Choice, challenge, satisfaction and security.
They are just some of the rewards you'll enjoy
through a creative career in the property/casualty
insurance industry.
For more information, look for your local
Insurance Institute in the white pages or, contact
Les Dandridge, B.A., A.I.I.C., at The Insurance
Institute of Canada, 18 King Street East,
6th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, M5C 1C4
(416)362-8586 FAX (416) 362-1126.
Canada's Insurance Professionals
The Graduates of The Insurance Institute of Canada. 20 THE UBYSSEY
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Includes Freight &
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