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The Ubyssey Oct 20, 2015

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John Montalbano
resigns from
Board of Governors
Faster lunch
lines in the
new SUB
All about
Grading the
Thunderbirds: varsity
report card // PAGE 2
OCT 6-DEC 11
Also being exhibited in the David Lam Library and Koerner Library,
gocheckout first edition booksand memorabilia! #harrypotterUBC
FfsT  OCTOBER 20-25,201
OCT 20-25
Get your daily dose of literature at the Vancouver Writers Festival!
Schedule of events vary, check out writersfest.bc.ca for more info.
OCT 23
Down from the midterm blues? Get some free cotton candy, it'll
make everything better.
Kosta Prodanovic
and Aiken Lao
"Systemic failure"
Want to see your events listed here?
Email your event listings to
'JJthe ubyssey
Coordinating Editor Opinions + Blog Editor
Will McDonald JackHauen
coordinating@ubyssey.ca opinions@ubyssey.ca
Design Editor Features Editor
Aiken Lao Arno Rosenfeld
arinteditor@ubyssey.ca features@ubyssey.ca
Web Developer Copy Editor
Peter Siemens Bailey Ramsay
webeditor@ubyssey.ca features@ubyssey.ca
News Editors
Emma Partridge &
Moira Warburton
Culture Editor
Olivia Law
Sports + Rec Editor
Koby Michaels
Video Producer
Tim Hoggan
Photo Editor
Kosta Prodanovic
Web Editor
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Vassilena Sharlandjieva,
Matt Langmuir. Josh Azizi,
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Jeremy Johnson-Silvers,
Julian Yu, SruthiTadepalli,
<aren Wang, Jessie
Stirling, Vicky Huang,
OlamideOlaniyan, Henry
Allan, Natalie Morris,
Miguel Santa Maria,
SivanSpector, Sarah
Nabila, Sophie Sutcliffe,
^ithuJagannath, Samue
du Bois
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In an effort to engage everyone in the conversation on gender issues, SASC is launching a new campaign to explore masculinity.
SASC launches healthy masculinity campaign
Sivan Spector
Staff Writer
The Sexual Assault Support Center
(SASC) is starting a program this
month to facilitate the exploration
of masculinity.
The "Creating Healthier
Masculinities Leadership Program"
seeks to question social expectations
of men through conversation,
training and eventually whatever
program participants decide that
UBC needs.
To kick off the project, former
BC Lions player JR LaRose will
discuss his own relationship to the
hyper-masculine stereotype.
"Men, this isn't a women's issue,
a trans issue [or] a gender nonconforming issue — it's your issue
... We're trying to contextualize it
more than just, 'Stop screwing up,
do better,'" said AMS President
Aaron Bailey and future participant
in the training. "This could make
you healthier, make you better able
to deal with things."
A step to combatting gender-
based oppression and violence
is for male-identifying people to
recognize the implications of their
"What we're really hoping for
... is to draw folks from athletics
[and] from fraternities," said SASC
Manager Ashley Bentley. "Women
have been doing this fight for a
really long time."
SASC's goal is to confront
problems of gender-based
violence and oppression in the
UBC community, yet most ofthe
individuals involved in SASC
identify as a woman. Healthier
Masculinities hopes to target male-
identifying people including those
who Bentley would like to see take a
more active role in preventing such
October 29-30, 2015
Human Nature and Evolution
for Evangelicals and
Free public lectures
starting at 7pm
Thursday, October 29th
Regent College
5800 University Blvd.
Vancouver, BC
Friday, October 30th
Saint Mark's College
5935 lona Drive
Vancouver, BC
According to Bentley, those
who identify as a man may think
gender issues are not important to
them because they have not been
oppressed, have not perpetrated
violence, or they do not see rape
culture around them.
Yet, rape culture is exactly
defined as the normalization of
rape by society to the point where
it can be denied as an issue.
"We live in a community
here at UBC and part of being a
part of this community is taking
responsibility for how you can
shift culture," said Bentley.
However, when this is brought
up to many people, according to
Bailey, they view it as an attack.
The goal ofthe campaign is to
help men overcome the harmful
societal expectations that prevent
them from accessing counselling,
exploring male privilege and
other personal issues.
For UBC to become the
supportive, safe environment
SASC hopes it will become, both
men and women need to be
present in the fight against these
challenges — many of which come
from gender roles both men and
women feel the need to fulfill.
"When [men] don't perform
these ideals of how masculinity
should be, they often face ...
disadvantagement by patriarchal
structures," said Silken Handford-
Perronnet, VP Internal ofthe
UBC feminist club. "At UBC, I
would like to see this issues not
being pushed off.... People talking
about it and accepting [gender-
based oppression] is happening."
After the training, the male-
identified students involved will
be creating whatever project they
see fit — such as a men's circle for
example. They will also receive
training in how to be better allies
against gender-based violence and
oppression through workshops
led by UBC professors.
"Every time I do a training
workshop with [SASC]... I always
learn a little bit more about
things that are sort of built into
my personality from society,"
said Bailey. "I'm still learning
how to be healthier as a man
and promote healthy societal
constructs of masculinity." // NEWS
John Montalbano resigns from Board
Emma Partridge
News Editor
Former Board of Governors Chair
John Montalbano has resigned.
This announcement came after a
fact-finding investigation found that
UBC failed to protect the academic
freedom of Jennifer Berdahl, the
Montalbano Professor of Leadership
Studies at the Sauder School of
The report by former Supreme
Court Judge Lynn Smith concluded
that "UBC failed in its obligation to
protect and support Dr. Berdahl's
academic freedom," but also that
"Mr. Montalbano, on his own, did not
infringe on any provision ofthe of
the Collective Agreement."
Nonetheless, Montalbano has
resigned from the board entirely.
He had previously stepped down as
chair until the fact-finding process
Montalbano called Berdahl,
whose tenured professorship
happens to be made possible by
Montalbano's $2 million donation
to the Sauder School, at home to
discuss a blog post she had written.
Berdahl had suggested in her
post that the unexpected departure
of fromer President Arvind Gupta a
few days previously was, in part, due
to institutionalized ideas about who
looks like a leader.
Though Montalbano maintained
that his phone call was an effort to
learn, he noted in an interview with
The resignation was announced at a press conference on Thursday.
freedom, that I acted in good faith
and that my intentions were not to
infringe on Dr. Berdahl's academic
freedom," read a statement that
Montalbano released after Smith's
report was made public.
According to the statement,
based on the finding of Smith's
report and one by The Conflict of
Interest Administrator to the UBC
Board of Governors, the Board
"asked that [Montalbano] resume
[his] duties as Chair" — an offer
that would be declined.
As part ofthe fact finding
process Smith interviewed 17
people from a list of individuals
that the parties — UBC and
the UBC Faculty Association
The Ubyssey last August that he also
expressed his concern the post had
the potential to damage UBC.
A subsequent debate on
whether this constituted
infringment of academic freedoms
ensued. An unflattering spotlight
was shone on UBC for weeks
thereafter, but ultimately Smith
concluded that "no individual in
the Sauder School of Business
identified by the Faculty
Association, on his or her own,
infringed any provision ofthe
Collective Agreement."
"I am gratified that Ms. Smith's
report confirms that I was mindful
ofthe need to protect Professor
Jennifer Berdahl's academic
— provided. The names of these
interviewees will be kept private.
The question of transparency
was raised at the press conference
when Smith's findings were released,
to which Piper said, "I thought we
were being very open by allowing the
press to ask questions as soon as the
report was out there."
Confusion was also raised
over how UBC as an institution
failed in protecting academic
freedom, yet no individual is being
reprimanded. When asked about
possible consequences, Interim
Provost Angela Redish simply said
the board was having preliminary
conversations with the Faculty
Still, the Faculty Association has
expressed their disappointment
with UBC's statements at the press
conference in an open letter. The
letter noted the inconsistency
between saying that the institution
failed Berdahl but that no one is
being held accountable.
According to the letter, UBC
"repeatedly stated that Dr. Berdahl's
academic freedom was not
infringed. This communication is
not entirely consistent with the
Summary Report."
UBC now plans to hire a
specialist to safeguard academic
freedoms, create a new program
teaching about academic freedoms
and develop an online resource as
well as a more formalized module
on academic freedoms. 'M
Why science students need 12 arts credits
Unlike science students, arts students only need six credits within the other faculty.
Helen Zhou
Ever think it's unfair that science
students need 12 arts credits
while arts students only need
six science credits? According to
UBC, there is a reason for it.
The arts and science faculties
were one faculty until 1953, said
Paul Harrison, Associate Dean of
Science in Student Services. Once
they separated, the Faculty of
Science still kept the requirement
that science students must take a
minimum number of arts credits.
"A basic belief in the Faculty of
Science is that a majors student
should be broadly educated," said
Harrison. "Knowing something
about other cultures, peoples
[and] other areas of learning is
important for a science graduate
to be able to apply their sciences
in different walks of life."
Stefania Burk, associate dean
of arts in academics, also believes
that arts students should have
a diverse range of knowledge
beyond their faculty.
"Both faculties probably think
about the kinds of education their
students receive and are looking
at breadth — or a combination
of breadth and depth — as
they put together their degree
requirements," she said.
Both associate deans also
acknowledge the potential
for modifications in the
requirements. Harrison said that
the Faculty of Science is looking
to put together a committee later
this fall to look at the curriculum
and whether an adjustment is in
However, for students, an
increase or decrease in the
credit requirements may not be
the answer. For arts students in
particular, it seems that it should
be the system itself that should be
"Right now, you can take
any science course to satisfy
the requirement, with some
exceptions, but mostly any
science course. So what ends up
happening is students just look
for the easy science courses that
all arts students take," said Daniel
Munro, arts undergraduate society
student senator and vice president
He said that, while those
courses may be great, they're not
always relevant to the students'
main field of study. Several first-
year earth and ocean sciences
courses as well as a food and
nutrition course are some well-
known "easy" science courses that
many arts students take.
"Rather than just saying, 'Here's
a requirement, take something
that lets you check off this box,' we
should be saying, 'Take something
that's relevant to you or the goals
you have in the future,'" said
Munro suggested that an
improvement would be that the
science requirements be expanded
to "a scientific or quantitative
reasoning type requirement" and
that students provide a rationale
for how the course is relevant to
their field of study. He believes
that, in the event of reform in the
Faculty of Arts, students should be
included in the conversation.
In fact, Burk agrees.
"The Faculty of Arts is the
most diverse and largest faculty at
the university. It would require a
thoughtful process of consultation
with various stakeholders,
students, faculty, advisors [and]
departments," she said.
At the end ofthe day, both
faculties have meaningful skills
to offer and the requirements
allow for students to explore their
"Making everything a little
more cohesive while also
encouraging that breadth of
study is, I think, a great thing,"
said Munro. "I would be really
interested in seeing what they
come up with to replace what we
have now." 'M
Vancouver Quadra
candidates come to UBC
While Blair Lockhart was absent, the other candidates spoke to a range of issues.
Helen Zhou
The Alma Mater Society and
Graduate Student Society held
an on-campus Vancouver Quadra
elections candidates meeting on
The forum included Kris
Constable ofthe Green Party, Scott
Andrews ofthe NDP, Joyce Murray
ofthe Liberals and Jean-Francois
Caron as an Independent candidate.
Blair Lockhart, candidate from
the Conservative party, declined to
"This event in particular is nice
because the AMS is trying to bring
politics to the students," said Akshiv
Bunsal, a student at the event. "It
shouldn't be as hard as it is to find
credible information and hearing
it straight from the candidates is
probably the best way to go."
Bunsal believes that engaging
students in politics is important and
said that the event allowed him to
hear the candidates speak as well as
become fully confident in deciding
who to vote for.
Constable shared his party's
platform on free post-secondary
tuition by 2020, a $10,000 maximum
cap on loan forgiveness for current
students and a guaranteed livable
income system.
He also proposed a $1 billion
injection into the green tech field.
"We believe that clean tech
and green tech are just two ofthe
areas that we should be focusing
on to move ourselves to renewable
resources," he said. "Any aspiring
entrepreneurs [should] start
thinking about what kind of future
can we build and together. We can
start to leverage the beautiful think
tanks we have here."
Meanwhile, Murray talked about
the Liberal Party's "focus on young
people," promising $1.3 billion
over three years to invest in co-op
and increasing jobs with a youth
employment strategy.
Murray also mentioned the
barriers that aboriginal youth face
in pursuit of a post-secondary
education. According to Murray, the
Liberals are committed to spending
$2.6 billion on "bridging the gap" to
help First Nations youth graduate
high school.
"In B.C., there are more
aboriginal people that go to jail
than graduate high school on
reserves," she said. "It is a tragedy
of lost opportunity and lost
Andrews believes that problems
surrounding opportunity and
affordability prevent millennials
from starting families and settling
into careers. He said that the NDP
platform would provide long-
term solutions to these problems,
including apprenticeship programs,
reinstating research funding and a
$15-per-day childcare plan.
Other topics the candidates
spoke on included the Broadway
subway line, greenhouse gas
emissions and affordable housing. 'JD WHOSE CAMPUS    |    TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 2015
As students, we ask for an excellent education. We ask to be supported by our university. We
did not ask for UBC to become a "university town." We did not ask for UBC to fight its way up an
arbitrary rankings list. We did not ask UBC to become a "Place of Mind."
But the administration never asks what we want UBC to be.
This package of detais just how far UBC has strayed from being a university that
treats students with the respect we deserve. We've tried to outline the problems
and propose some solutions. But what UBC becomes is ultimately in your hands.
Let UBC and the AMS know what you want. Write letters, protest, share the stories
on social media and make your voice heard.
- Arno Rosenfeld, Features Editor
I. Between naivete and arrogance: tuition increases at UBC
Pinned to backpacks, painted on
cheeks, held in clenched fists above
megaphones and signs with slogans
like, "Place of mind? Place of money,"
and "UBC drop the fees": the red
squares were everywhere on campus
last year.
The protests were nothing new.
In 1989, the signs read, "Increase
funding not fees: 11% NOW." In
the 1990s, they said, "BoG listen
to students and stop walking over
them." Toward the end of President
David Strangway's term in 1996,
students erected "Camp David"
outside his office while others
camped inside. His administration
refused to negotiate with the
students who were there to protest
a 310 per cent tuition increase being
pushed through that year.
UBC was founded on student
protests and as far back as the 1930s
the AMS was clashing with an
intransigent Board of Governors
over whether tuition increases were
really the best way to improve the
When it comes to tuition hikes
at UBC, there are two entrenched
problems: tuition as a source of
prestige and the manner in which
students are consulted.
While the university has raised
tuition for various reasons — in the
mid-1980s, a dramatic increase was
needed due to a provincial budget
crisis — its current justification
walks the line between naivety and
UBC sees tuition as an enabler
of "excellence." Yet they admittedly
have no definition of excellence.
Instead they insist that the stature
ofthe institution can only increase
with tuition hikes despite not
knowing how they'll be spending
the increased revenue. Even less,
apparently, do they consider the side-
effects the hikes will have on their
students of today and tomorrow.
UBC argues that when the
University of Toronto and the
University of McGill raise their
tuition fees — as they have over the
past decade or so — they are able
to lure top-notch faculty to their
doors. Global ranking systems such
as the Academic Ranking of World
Universities (ARWU) or Shanghai
Rankings — in which UBC is ranked
40 — look primarily at faculty
research output and good research
costs money.
As U of T and McGill climb
higher and higher in rankings, UBC
administrators say the Board of
Governors directed them to keep
pace with tuition at the rival schools,
seemingly solely on principle. With a
firm provincial domestic tuition cap,
it falls to international students to
foot the resulting bill.
This logic seems simple enough:
UBC needs money to maintain
its status as one of Canada's top
universities. The easiest place to get
that money is by increasing tuition
fees of international students. But
relying on high tuition revenue as a
source of prestige
turns a degree from
UBC into a product.
become less
concerned with
the needs of
individual students
and instead focus
primarily on
whether they can
pay the price. This
attitude makes UBC
less accessible for
students from lower
limiting the range
of opinions and
perspectives in the
classroom and on
Moreover, it
puts students at a disadvantage in
tuition negotiations because the
university views them first as a
source of income.
The wording ofthe UBC's Board
of Governors resolution directing
the administration that to raise fees
is crucial:
The university doesn't determine
the worth of a UBC degree based
on practical economic indicators
such as the average post-graduation
starting wage or after-tax income of
UBC grads. Instead the school judges
the financial worth of their degrees
off students' personal happiness and
satisfaction with their education.
"It's about when students
graduate they say, 'This was
something I'm really glad I did,' even
understanding what it cost them,"
said Interim Provost Anji Redish.
But when the university sets a
monetary value on a degree from
UBC, they're putting a price tag
on something that shouldn't have
a price tag, said Amy Metcalfe, an
associate education professor at
When the university sets a
monetary value on a degree from
UBC, they're putting a price tag on
something that shouldn't have a
price tag
"The discussion is about
human capital rather than human
potential," she said. "The human
capital approach to higher education
funding places a value of a student's
time at university and tuition spent
as an 'input' with an expected rate
Glen Clark announcing first tuition freeze in March of 1996.
of return in the form of employment
income after graduation."
This turning of education into a
commodity is reflected in the Board
of Governors mandate which is the
reason Knott said she voted against
the tuition resolution: the resolution
was based too much on supposed
market value and not enough on
UBC's actual needs.
"The motivation really is to
improve the experience and improve
the university... that was what drove
that resolution," said Knott. "I think
it's the right goal... I think there's
just better solutions."
The commodification of
education was a concerning trend for
many students who participated in
the protests last fall.
It encourages students to see
"university, not necessarily as a
learning experience or as a place
to acquire like a certain kind of
knowledge, but rather simply as like
job training," said Gabriel DAstous,
a UBC graduate and one ofthe main
organizers of last year's IAmaStudent
student protest movement against
tuition hikes.
"I personally think that UBC is
much like a company," complained
Rachel Chan, a second-year Sauder
student. "It gives motivational
speeches and paints pretty fluffy
pictures for students because we are
customers. They need us to refer
new customers, tell other friends
about how great UBC is and perhaps
get them to join."
It should be noted that it's not
just international
students whose
tuition fees
are being seen
as avenues for
prestige, either. In
a briefing to AMS
councillors in July,
the university
and government
relations advisor
to the AMS
pointed out that
the university is
actively pushing
the provincial
government to
remove the cap on
domestic tuition
increases - the
only mechanism
standing in the
way between
domestic students and the same kind
of fee hikes international students
are currently experiencing.
The university maintains
that despite fee increases for
international students it sees the
value of having people from a
wide variety of backgrounds in the
"By having a very diverse
university campus, students from
around the world... enrich our
learning," said Pam Ratner, Interim
Vice-Provost as well as Associate
Vice President Enrolment and
Redish also notes the benefits
of having students from a variety
of socioeconomic classes. Drawing
on her experience as an economics
professor, she said domestic students
had a more limited view on some
issues like monetary policy.
"For students that have been
elsewhere, that have lived in
situations where there have
been deflation or there's been
hyperinflation, they challenge the
students in the class," she said.
"Bringing different perspectives is a
very important component."
However, Redish herself
freely admitted UBC has no way
of measuring the socioeconomic
diversity of its international student
"So that's probably something we
need to work on," she said.
In the same interview, Redish
said that the international tuition
was being raised in increments over
three years to measure whether
the increases will have a negative
impact on diversity. This suggests a
cognitive dissonance that has yet to
be accounted for.
"By pushing this limit of
international tuition up and up and
up, we're really going to start seeing
the diversity of this institution
erode," said AMS President Aaron
Bailey. "[That's] detrimental, not just
to the international students who
can't come here and study, but to the
people who can afford to study here."
As with prioritizing "diversity"
despite lacking necessary metrics
to track it, the university has used
the quest for "excellence" to justify
the tuition increases. Yet, there is
startlingly little information on what
exactly "excellence" means for the
institution in real terms.
"They don't know the meaning
ofthe word they are using to justify
something this massive," said a
frustrated Bailey.
Redish acknowledged that there
is no working definition for the term
at UBC.
"We're going to seek feedback
on that," said Redish when pressed.
"I'm not going to chart out a simple
In the way that the word
"excellence" is used most frequently
by the university it denotes high-
profile faculty, world-class research
and, in theory, the best students
in Canada who will flock to UBC
because of its faculty and research
But Redish said the definition is
open to change and could come to
include student learning.
"Maybe after we've finished all
ofthe consultation people will say,
Actually, the goal should be the best
student learning experience and you TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 2015   |    WHOSE CAMPUS
should be measuring the experience
and not to attract the best students in
Canada,'" said Redish.
The problem with relying on a
subjective word like "excellence,"
said AMS VP Academic and
University Affairs Jenna Omassi,
is that it ignores the day-to-day
experiences ofthe students who are
attending UBC now but being asked
to pay for future "excellence."
"If excellence has to do with
university ranking it is only research
that is really included into the
conversation," Omassi said when the
international tuition increases were
announced. "But as a student and
a member ofthe UBC community
I know that university excellence
is more than that. It is about the
student experience primarily and
the community that surrounds a
The nebulous definitions
which UBC uses to justify the most
recent tuition increases are meant
to be defined, at least partially,
through the student consultation
that opened this week. However,
because the Board instructed the
administration to raise fees and
the administration created a plan
to do so, Redish said that student
consultation won't change whether
or not the fee increases go through.
The order in which this process
has taken place is problematic to
"The process was backwards,"
said Omassi. She feels that it
has left no place for the voice of
students. "It really puts a barrier
on how we can advocate on behalf of
students and what's going to happen
with these increases."
Student consultation has
always been limited. The 1997
sit-in at President Strangway's
office occurred in part because the
university did not abide by their
own Policy 71 — outlining how
consultation should be carried out
— and unilaterally raised tuition
fees by 310 per cent. "We did feel
we had a gun pointed to our head,"
admitted protest organizer Jonathan
Oppenheimer at the end ofthe sit-in
in Strangway's office. During the
sit-in the administration refused to
negotiate with the protesters.
The contentious relationship
between university administrators
and students persists today. "We still
need to push as a student body for
them to really meaningfully consult
with students," Bailey said. He
added that students should be seen
"as problem solvers, not just... as
customers who are being notified of
a price increase."
"It can get adversarial because
there can be an expectation that,
because we don't want tuition to
increase, we just won't engage
in anything," Knott said ofthe
university's perception of students.
"It's a default mechanism and I think
that's really unfortunate because that
shuts the student voice out."
Bailey also believes that it's time
for students to start being more
vocal as well and to tell the Board of
Governors and the administration
that UBC is their institution too.
"There's papers, there's
midterms, you're bogged down [and]
you're probably working three jobs
just to try to pay to go through. But
remember that the university, at all
times, needs to listen to you when
it makes decisions," Bailey said.
"It's your responsibility and your
opportunity to get loud and speak up
about these kinds of things." 'M
- With files from Joshua Azizi,
Sarah Nabila, Arno Rosenfeld,
Vassilena Sharlandjieva and Bill
UBC postpone tuition consolation and the Board of Governors
vote on whether to increase international tuition until the university
does not have interim leaders
serving as president, board of
governors chair and provost.
UBC justify any tuition increase
by explaining the specific financial needs ofthe institution.
UBC adopt a policy of notifying
students through a broadcast
email of any proposed tuition
increase as soon as it becomes
an agenda item ata Board of
Governors meeting.
UBC be required to consider
and publicly outline the impact
any tuition increase will have on
student diversity.
UBC adopt a policy of lobbying
the provincial governmentfor
more funding before seeking
to raise tuition and publicly
outline the lobbying process and
Rob Morton, founder of The Party Calendar, ata protest against tuition hikes on campus
in fall 2014.
Students protest tuition hikes outside ofthe Old Administration Building in 1993.
II. Sold to the highest bidder: international students at UBC
"I would be ashamed to try to
prevent foreign students from
getting some of their education in
Canada," declared UBC Chairman
William Gibson.
The year was 1980 and Gibson
was responding to an ultimately
discredited report released by MLA
Jack Davis. The report claimed that
foreign students were preventing
Canadians —"our own people" —
from getting into BC universities.
Differential fees — the
practice of charging domestic and
international students different
rates for the same education — did
not exist at any of BC's universities
in 1980. UBC's president opposed
implementing them even though
universities in Canada had begun
It was a time when a
university's excellence was not
measured by tuition rates and
international students were not
seen as ATMs for cash-starved
With UBC now referring
to international students as
"customers," much has changed
in the years since the Davis report
was released to widespread
The first international students
came to Canada in the 1960s as
part of a Canadian International
Development Agency program.
The Canadian government covered
the cost of studies for most
international students and the few
who paid their own way through
did so at the same rate as their local
"CIDA had a commitment to
try and support the development
of countries that needed well-
qualified personnel for their
own government [and] for their
private enterprises," explained
York University Professor
Roopa Trilokekar, who studies
international education. "It was
about training students from
the developing world for them
to return back to the developing
Over the next several decades,
Canadian foreign policy shifted its
priorities from development aid to
trade and economic growth. This
shift was coupled with a significant
reduction in public funding for
universities — federal transfer
funds for post-secondary
education dropped from 0.5 per
cent of Canada's GDP in 1983 to
0.33 per cent in 1989.
With a need for more
revenue and the government
turning away from supporting
international students,
Canadian universities began
considering charging higher
fees to non-citizens. Differential
fees for international students
were first proposed by the federal
government as an additional source
of university revenue in 1976.
These higher fees became standard
during the 1980s.
UBC, however, was a unique
holdout and the administration
opposed differentiating fees. But
a provincial budget crisis in the
mid-1980s meant that by 1985
international students were paying
around 2.5 times the domestic rate.
Graduate students continued
to pay domestic tuition fees until
1997, when UBC set fees for those
programs at rates closer to what
other Western universities charged
for similar degrees.
The process that year was
much like the proposed increase
in international tuition of nearly
50 per cent announced this week,
with UBC claiming it needed to
set tuition at the same rate as
"comparable institutions" like the
University of Toronto and McGill.
The 1997 hike was far more
dramatic than today's. Tuition
tripled — becoming the highest in
Canada at the time. But the logic
has remained the same according
to Doug Owram, former chancellor
of UBC Okanagan and a history
professor. 'You can do it because
Students socializing in international house on campus.
in an undated photo.
others are doing it," he said ofthe
international tuition hikes.
This crude institutional logic
was not met without resistance.
Over 400 students, faculty and staff
protested with a sit-in in former
UBC President David Strangway's
office, but to no effect. Twenty
students from the University of
Victoria occupied the Deputy
Minister of Education's office in
a sympathy protest. Both groups
unsuccessfully argued against
differentiating domestic and
international fees.
While international students
weren't protected by provincial
legislation, the university was
barred by the Tuition Freeze Act of
1996 from raising any ancillary fees
— which it had also done. When
a group of students took UBC to
court, a judge ruled that UBC had
to reimburse students who had
paid the ancillary fees.
The university had also failed
to follow its own Policy 71 — the
administration raised tuition
without any consultation with
students. UBC had "created
an atmosphere of hostility and
mistrust," the judge said.
Failing to consult with students
I  was not the only lapse in UBC's
accountability. The university
committed to putting 6.7 per
cent ofthe increased tuition
fees toward financial aid along
with funding 10 full scholarships
for students from developing
countries. Yet by 1999 only 3.5
per cent of tuition was going
towards financial aid and the
promised scholarships had not
been created.
It was also unclear how
international tuition revenue
was used as there was no central
regulation over how individual
faculties managed the funds.
As in 1997, UBC has pledged
that around seven per cent of
the revenue brought in from the
currently proposed tuition increase
will go toward financial aid. They
have also acknowledged having no
plan for how to spend the money
that will come from the increases.
Martha Piper, who served
UBC's president for nine years
starting in 1997, returned this
summer in an interim capacity.
By 2001, international
education had shifted to a
completely market-oriented
model and at UBC fees were over
six times higher than domestic
tuition. In 2013, the Canadian
International Development Agency
— responsible for first encouraging
students to study abroad in
Canada — lost its autonomy and
was merged into the Department
of Foreign Affairs and oriented
toward aiding Canadian economic
interests abroad.
However, the international
tuition hikes did not lower
undergraduate enrollment at UBC.
That is because — just before
what would amount to a 600 per
cent increase on international
tuition was implemented — UBC
began to actively recruit foreign
students. The International
Student Initiative, which today
recruits students in 78 countries,
was established in 1995. The
creation of ISI was accompanied by
a mandate to create more capacity
for international undergraduates at
UBC from whom they could then
charge higher, market-based fees
not capped by the domestic tuition
As Canadian universities
became more entrepreneurial, the
federal government also adopted
a strong market rhetoric in its
International Education Policy.
Data from 2012 showed that
international students in Canada
sustained 86,570 Canadian jobs
and generated $445 million
in federal and provincial
tax revenues. As a result,
international education became a
"priority sector" under Canada's
Global Markets Action Plan
announced in November 2013.
The government's stated goal
is to attract 450,00 international
students to Canada by 2022 in
order to sustain a total of 173,000
new jobs and generate $910
million in new tax revenue. WHOSE CAMPUS    I    TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 2015
The policy outlines how
efforts should be concentrated on
"branding Canada to maximize
" [A] clear long-term strategy
is needed to ensure that Canada
maintains and increases its market
share ofthe best and brightest
international students and
researchers," an advisory panel
reported. Such a plan would be
key to securing Canada's economic
success, according to the policy.
Karen McKellin, UBC's
International Student Initiative's
executive director, uses a similar
commercial rhetoric when
discussing the impact the current
proposed tuition hikes will have
on recruitment. She explained
that applications to UBC rose last
year despite the 10 per cent tuition
increase implemented for the
2015/16 academic year.
"It doesn't always mean that
your customers drop off when your
fees go up," McKellin said, noting
UBC's international ranking. "If
you have a really good product...
then some parents and families just
dig a little deeper."
She believes students will
not be deterred from applying
to UBC once they recognize that
UBC's competitors' tuition is also
'"We have to position ourselves
in the global market,' to me, is
very problematic," said Kumari
Beck, an SFU professor who
studies international education.
She expressed concern that
when degrees become viewed as
commodities international students
are "objectified as the means to
that end."
"It's back in the old neo-
colonial game of resource
plundering, except now what we're
doing is we're plundering human
resources," Beck said, referring
to how international students are
targeted as the ideal immigrants
to sustain the growth of Canada's
Pam Ratner, UBC's Interim Vice
Provost and AVP for enrollment,
also noted that graduating
international students benefit
Canadian companies.
"Not all students have the global
mobility that employers would like
to see," Ratner told The Ubyssey.
Beck believes more value
should be placed on what
international students bring in
terms of a diversity of perspectives.
That could result from better
government funding for higher
education and a relaxation
ofthe competitive market-
driven approach to recruiting
international students, she said.
The benefits international
students bring to Canada are
seldom recognized by the public,
according to Owram, the former
UBCO chancellor. He said many
, . flfTROL   ,
Students protest international tuition increases last fall as part of the lAmAStudent protest movement.
still view international students as
"parasites" who displace domestic
students from universities.
"It's just not true," he
emphasized, arguing that both
universities and governments have
a responsibility to correct these
UBC says they fill every
domestic student slot that the
province provides funding for and
create additional capacity in order
to enroll students from abroad.
"The message has to be
repeated over and over for people
to get it," said Owram.
When Mohamed Shaaban
applied to university, UBC was
his ninth choice. Despite gaining
admission to his top eight choices
including partial scholarships
McGill and the prestigious Hong
Kong University, he chose UBC
for financial reasons — he was
awarded the International Leader
of Tomorrow scholarship which
covers the full cost of his studies.
"I love this decision," said
Shaaban, an Egyptian third-year
math and physics student.
But he has also noted the
damage that charging market-
based tuition fees to international
students has had on the
international student population
18 years after UBC implemented
the aggressive 300 per cent tuition
"They might be diverse in that
they're from different countries,
but they're all sort ofthe same
person," Shaaban said of his
international classmates. "It's the
upper-middle class citizen who
went to an international school, a
kind of person."
While Shabaan believes the
current international population
lacks socioeconomic diversity,
the university administration
has noted that they do not keep
track of such information. For
this reason they will be unable
to measure the impact ofthe 50
per cent international tuition
increase on the economic diversity
of international students going
With UBC already only
accessible to the most privileged
classes in developing countries,
Shaaban said raising tuition more
can only limit the educational
experience that UBC provides.
"In university, you learn more
outside of class than you learn
in class," said Shaaban. "You
learn more from the people than
you learn from your books ... If
everyone is the exact same person,
you won't learn anything because
you're just seeing yourself."
Although he is not opposed
to tuition increases in light of
government funding cuts or to
invest in student financial aid or
services, Shaaban is against raising
tuition simply to match the rates of
other institutions.
"That is not a valid reason," he
said. "In mathematics, we're always
taught logic and flow — you'd get a
zero on your assignment if that was
your reasoning." 'JD
- With files from Joshua Azizi, Sarah
Nabila, Arno Rosenfeld, Moira
Warburton and Bill Situ
UBC should cap internationa
tuition no higher than cost-
recovery levels, adopting a
policy stating that internationa
students enrolmentshould be
made on academic grounds
rather than financial ones
UBC should immediately begin
studying the economic background of enrolled international
students and make a summary
of that information public
Before any international tuition
increasesare implemented UBC
should publicly provide a forecast of the impact internationa
tuition hikes on student diversity
III. Seen as schoolchildren: barriers to campus fun
Rob Morton had a vision for
Oktoberfest. The founder of The
Calendar wanted to create an annual
event at the War Memorial Gym
on campus, mimicking the massive
German beer halls taking place
around the world this month. UBC
Oktoberfest wouldn't be limited
to a tiny proportion ofthe student
population — it would be able to
accommodate hundreds of students
from different social circles and
For weeks, his vision looked like
it was coming to fruition. According
to emails between The Calendar
and War Memorial Gym Facilities
Coordinator Jenny Black, progress
was being made well into late
September. Discussions were had
about capacity and price.
Then three weeks before the
event, The Calendar received an
email familiar to other student event
organizers on campus.
"I am saying no this time, and
likely no to any future requests 'in
season,'" wrote Black, referencing
the varsity athletic seasons. "I know
that your group has delivered many
successful parties and I wish you
all the best with planning your next
social event."
Oktoberfest went ahead last night
at Koerner's Pub on the far edge
of campus. But Koerner's capacity
was capped at 500 — less than half
of what War Memorial Gym could
have potentially held for the night of
celebration and camaraderie.
Since Arts County Fair was
cancelled due to a lack of funding in
2007, there's been a perception on
campus that students can't be trusted
to organize events like beer gardens,
concerts and social mixers involving
The perception used to be
well-founded. Aside from racking
up large amounts of debt for the
Arts Undergraduate Society (AUS),
Arts County Fair was known to be
a messy affair. "I saw vomit and
unconsciousness [as well as] tens
of thousands of my fellow UBC
students reducing themselves to
a hostile, self-degrading sea of
intoxication," said an op-edby AMS
exec Lyle McMahon in 2005.
Since 2008, the RCMP's
university detachment has become
more proactive in limiting the special
occasion licenses (SOL) needed
for private events at which alcohol
is be available. A UBC Insiders
investigation in 2009 found that
the vast majority of SOLs didn't go
to student-organized community
events. When they were granted to
students, the regulations for each
event approved by the RCMP and
campus fire marshal varied hugely
from case to case.
The RCMP, which did not
respond to a request for comment
from The Ubyssey, had a generally
hostile attitude toward campus
parties and licensed social events in
the aftermath of Arts County Fair.
"Nobody out here qualifies for a
special occasions license," Sgt. Dan
Wendland told The Tyee in 2009.
He claimed SOLs were exclusively
intended for events like weddings
and bar mitzvahs, not "weekly
beer gardens, daily beer gardens,
drunkfests, whatever [students] want
to call them."
As UBC Insiders noted, the
sergeant was wrong about whether
For new students starting after May 1,2016
October 28 & November 3 12 pm -1 pm | AMS Nest Great Hall North TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 2015   |   WHOSE CAMPUS
a beer garden or "drunkfest" could
legitimately qualify for a special
occasion license. However, his
comments point to the difficulties
facing students trying to hold
licensed events on campus.
Fire marshal Marcus Von Minden
is responsible for setting maximum
occupancy numbers for campus
events and has also been making it
harder to organize events at UBC.
The UBC Fire Department did not
respond to requests for comment.
Both the AUS and the Science
Undergraduate Society have
seen the capacity of their student
buildings drop by around 30
per cent since Von Minden was
appointed in 2009.
"It's constantly changing," SUS
President Melissa Lachica said
concerning the capacity limits at
the Abdul Ladha Student Science
Centre. "It impacts [where] student
groups are taking their events, so
a lot more people will book off-
AUS President Adrian Talingdan
has faced similar problems with
the Meekison Arts Student Space
— decreased occupancy limited the
society to hosting smaller events
that don't involve alcohol despite
representing the largest faculty on
"I hate when I see restrictions
from the university controlling
student life," Talingdan said. "It just
doesn't make sense to me."
AMS President Aaron Bailey
understands the difficulty of
organizing events at UBC first
hand. He has spent the past
four months working to find a
permanent location to host Block
Party, the year-end concert which
replaced Arts County Fair in 2008.
Bailey determined that,
following the destruction of
Maclnnes field to build the new
Aquatic Centre, Thunderbird
Stadium was the sole venue on
campus with enough capacity for
the concert. Block Party has easily
sold out 7,000 tickets in the past,
only to be told that certain members
ofthe university administration had
instructed UBC Athletics to refuse
the AMS permission to use the
"It's complete disregard and
disrespect," Bailey said ofthe
negotiations, which he sees as the
university leading the AMS on. "It's
a continual sense of appeasement:
We'll listen to you when it's
convenient for us and then we'll just
tell you no with no explanation.'"
For Bailey, who will be leading
an AMS campaign to save Block
Party, the administration's
intransigence on finding a venue
for it is especially painful. That's
because he sees Block Party as an
important physical manifestation of
the UBC community.
"It's that one day a year that
everybody knows about and
everybody looks forward to in terms
of getting together and celebrating
what it means to be a UBC student,"
said Bailey.
For the past four years, she's been
in charge of making sure events
like Block Party and Welcome
Back Barbecue are successful —
but this doesn't come easily at
With the Welcome Back BBQ
in September, for example, Hilliar
and her team had just two and a
half weeks to advertise and book
talent because ofthe delays in
getting space usage approval from
the university. This is not a one-
off either.
We like having fun.
VP Students Louise Cowin
declined requests for an interview
regarding the use of Thunderbird
Stadium for Block Party and
the difficulty of hosting student
events on campus.
"We appreciate that this is an
important event for students,"
she said through a spokesperson.
"That's why UBC is working hard
with the AMS and other groups
on campus to find a resolution
that works for everyone."
Morton, like Bailey, is also
"The university doesn't even
need to facilitate or actively
build this movement to have an
even more fun and more exciting
campus," said an exasperated
Morton, founder of The Calendar.
"Students are doing it. All the
university needs to do is gently
move out ofthe way and provide
a few resources."
"Or not even — They literally
just need to say, 'Okay,'" Morton
No one can attest to this
better than Anna Hilliar, AMS
programming & events manager.
"We have to fight for it and beg
for it and then eventually we do
end up getting a space. But at that
point, it's a challenge for us to get
things together," said Hilliar.
Hilliar, like Bailey and
Morton, has no complaints
about the lower levels ofthe
university bureaucracy. All three
emphasized that the relationship
between lower-level departments
and organizations, such as AMS
Events and The Calendar, have
been improving in recent years.
"Everybody was very
supportive ... and then everything
seemed to fall apart when it
got up to the executive level,"
said Hilliar ofthe Thunderbird
Stadium negotiations.
Bailey sees all this as revealing
a fundamental problem with how
the university sees the student
"They show an automatic
negative bias towards student
organizations and fun on this
campus," he said. "They don't
believe students and the AMS are
capable of running safe, secure
and enjoyable events."
But the bias is not a well-
founded one — student-planned
events on campus have come a
long way since the days of ACF.
Hilliar said that since she
came into the job four years ago,
she can count on one hand the
number of ambulances called to
Block Party.
David Sidoo, an ex-
Thunderbird football player and
Board of Governors member,
noted that— despite having nearly
8,000 students at the licensed
Football Homecoming event in
September — there was not a
single medical or police incident.
"I was really proud of that," he
said at the time.
The mistrust of students is
a wide-ranging problem with
more serious effects than simply
stopping students from drinking
at campus parties once in a while.
Bailey and Morton both see
direct causation between UBC's
high rates of loneliness, stress
and depression among students
and the university's disrespect for
You don't need to be a student
at UBC Vancouver for very long
to feel the lack of community
engagement on campus. Morton
started The Calendar for exactly
that reason.
"From the time I left my
residence to when I came home at
night, I would see two people that
I kind of knew and was just out
super lonely all day," he said of
his first few terms at UBC.
Anastasia Gornostaeva, a
second-year arts student, is
unconvinced that there is a
larger community at UBC with
which to connect. "As a community
connecting people together... it's
kind of hard to unite the whole
school," she told The Ubyssey.
She attributes feeling at home
on campus to the friends she's
made rather than a sense of a
larger community on campus.
She's not alone — according to
the AMS' Academic Experience
Survey this year, 46 per cent of
undergrads don't feel a sense of
belonging on campus and 44 per
cent have trouble making friends.
Gornostaeva was astonished to
discover that other people share
the same feelings as her.
"That's awesome that I'm not
alone," she said.
It's the kind of statistics found
in the AMS survey that bother
Morton the most - particularly when
they're so avoidable.
"It just seems so silly to not
remove these barriers to helping
students have a fantastic experience
while they're on campus," he said.
"They just need to unlock a few
doors and let students do the rest."
"We don't feel welcomed," said
Hilliar as she often feels shut down
by the administration when trying to
plan events.
In a recent interview concerning
the tuition increases currently
going through, Interim Vice Provost
Redish was asked whether the
students' voice entered into the
university's long term plan. She
suggested not. "Am I proud of all the
things we've done over the last 10,20
years? I absolutely am," said Redish.
Morton, Bailey, Hilliar and others
are proud ofthe things they've done
on campus too. But the fact that
every event becomes an uphill battle
when it reaches a certain size means
that the ability to create any sense
of overall community on campus
through student-run events is
extremely limited.
"All I want to do is create great
programming for students and
enhance student experiences and
having to spend so much time on
[bureaucracy]... means that we can't
do all the fun things that we want
to do," said Jenna Earnshaw, events
coordinator at AMS Events and
third-year arts student.
Bailey said some of these
problems could be fixed if the
administration took the voices of its
constituents more seriously.
"They're not taking students'
feedback seriously," Bailey said.
"The university is steamrolling over
students." fH
- With files from Olivia Law, Kelly
Lin, Sophie Sutcliffe and Vassilena
UBC should allow block party
to take place at Thunderbird
UBC should encourage and
support student efforts to hold
events, including licensed
events, on campus
UBC should adopt a policy
favouring students and faculty
members over private residences when it comes to hosting
events and activities on campus
IV. Company town: how campus became commercia
The current spat between the AMS
and the university administration
on holding the year-end Block Party
concert at Thunderbird Stadium is,
in a word, weird.
UBC Athletics had agreed in
principle to let the AMS host the
concert at the stadium this year. On
a campus with limited open space,
it is the largest event venue and, for
almost 20 years, the stadium was
home to the Arts County Fair with an
attendance that dwarfed Block Party.
To add another layer to the
odd case of a university barring a
concert from the campus stadium,
AMS President Aaron Bailey told
The Ubyssey that Campus and
Community Planning as well as UBC
Properties Trust were influential
in convincing the administration to
prevent Block Party, despite neither
having jurisdiction over the venue.
But as with so much at UBC
today, the answer to all the weirdness
lies in money.
If you look at a chart of UBC's
endowment fund growth, the pattern
is striking. From around $100 million
through the 1980s, the fund begins
climbing at a steep rate starting in
the early 1990s and today hovers
around $1.2 billion.
This growth is largely a result of
commercial housing development
undertaken by UBC Properties
Trust (UBCPT), a private entity
entirely owned by the university and
responsible for maximizing campus
real estate assets. While the lucrative
nature of their work is hard to argue
with, commercial real estate motives
inevitably runup against student
interests — as was the case with the
Block Party tussle.
Toward the end ofthe summer,
Bailey was visited by an account
manager with UBCPT. This was the
beginning ofthe university's decision
to reject Thunderbird Stadium as a
venue. At a separate meeting, Bailey
was informed that Thunderbird was
located in South Campus, home to
many private residents and where
UBCPT has plans to construct more
luxury housing.
When university campuses are
located in existing communities —
usually urban centers or rural towns
— clashes like the one between the
property developers and students on
this campus are unavoidable.
Blessed with a bucolic block of
land set apart from Vancouver by
parkland and low-density residential
housing, UBC has long had the
advantage of being adjacent to a
major urban centre without needing
to worry about rowdy college
students or self-absorbed faculty
clashing with city dwellers.
Then they decided to bring the
town to them.
Perhaps, it all began as an
accident. A prominent local real
estate investor found himself thrust
into a vanity appointment on UBC's
Board of Governors and decided to
do what he knows best: build.
"A member recently appointed to
the UBC Board of Governors cannot
figure out why he is there," The
Ubyssey reported on September 14,
1984. At the time, appointee Robert
"Bob" Lee was the president of
Vancouver's Prospero Realty — and
it was true that he didn't quite seem
to know how he ended up on the
body tasked with running British
Columbia's largest university.
"I don't know why I was chosen,"
Lee told this newspaper at the time.
Four years later, he had
convinced BoG to create UBC Real
Estate Corporation to manage 28
acres of campus land designated
for private housing. Nearly 30 years
later, thanks to Lee, our campus is
home to over 8,000 private residents.
This includes many townies
unaffiliated with the university or its
academic mission, but able to afford
the ritzy condos and single-family
homes offered for sale. UBC hopes to
see the number of private residents
grow to 24,000 over the next 25
years, accordingto the Land Use
In a 2000 memorandum
of understanding with Metro 8    I    FEATURES    I   TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20,2015
Vancouver, UBC declared
its intentions to develop a land
use model "that substantially
replicates... municipalities in British
Columbia." The university, in other
words, wants to be a city. It has said
as much in the Metro Vancouver
memo and elsewhere, expressing its
desire for a "distinctive 'college town'
Through the 1960s, campus was
not luxurious. When enrollment
tripled to 9,000 students following
World War II, the university
repurposed army barracks on
campus to serve as student
Then-President Norman
MacKenzie encouraged the growing
enrollment, seeing UBC as fulfilling
an important role in educating the
masses rather than serving as an elite
research institution.
It was student pressure that led
to a 1968 campus plan emphasizing
"a garden-like environment and
preservation of landscape, and limit
on southward expansion," according
to a 2009 study of campus by a team
of urban planners and researchers.
But the neoliberal shift in
Canadian government during
the 1980s encouraged public-
private partnerships and reduced
subsidies for higher education and
other public services. That new
attitude coupled with a provincial
budget crisis in the mid-1980s led
to the university hiking domestic
tuition around 50 per cent over
three years and differentiating
international student tuition such
that foreign students started paying
2.5 times more than their domestic
UBC was also led down the
road of corporate partnerships and
private development that would
both propel the university into
the upper echelons ofthe world's
major research institutions and rob
students of their voice on campus.
A sign ofthe university's
changing mission came in 1984 when
they hired their first vice president
for development and community
relations. David McMillan came to
Point Grey from the Canadian Direct
Marketing Association — which in
the 1980s looked like junk mail and
telemarketing — with a swagger
embodying the decade of greed.
A Ubyssey article noted a poster
in his office seeking "funding
support and public recognition"
from "big money boys."
"I only like being associated with
success," McMillan said.
With limited government funds
for post-secondary education and
ambitions to be "positioned among
the elite ofthe world's
... universities," UBC
set out to raise private
funds and transform
its core mission — part
of that would mean
turning UBC into a real
estate developer.
"A few influential
politicians leaned on
UBC to emphasize
its role as an elite
institution in contrast
to the ethic of
broad, democratic
access espoused by
many in the student
movement," explained
the 2009 report,
entitled "What Do We
The big money
boys and influential
politicians had found
their man in David
Strangway, who came
into the presidency
in 1985 and would
transform UBC during
his twelve-year term.
"Universities are
a major source of free
enquiry, providing the ideas that
can later be exploited by free
enterprise," Strangway said in
1986, outlining his vision of
higher education.
It was as part of this new
orientation toward a university
existing in the free market that is
UBC Real Estate Corporation.
The first development
undertaken by the corporation
in 1988 was Hampton Place,
a development intended for
non-students and non-faculty
While the initial plans called
for the profits to be put toward
student housing, by the time
Hampton Place was finished,
nearly $90 million profit simply
contributed to UBC's growing
Various student leaders found
this galling given that, during the
late 1980s, UBC students were
facing a housing crisis and did
not understand UBC's expansion
into condos.
"It was highly controversial,
[Metro Vancouver] was appalled
that this was happening without
oversight," Poettcker, the
Properties Trust co-founder, said
in a UBC Archives video.
Meanwhile, the AMS was
seriously considering requesting
permission to build their own
student residences to alleviate
the shortage of housing for
A protest against the development of a library data center on campus circa 1970s.
StodeNT Housing
5nauL.n be
Students protest the development of private housing on campus in this undated photo.
members ofthe university
community on campus.
Protests against Hampton
Place were loud and a suspected
arson destroyed a model ofthe
site being used to promote the
"The Alma Mater Society
is united in being against the
development," AMS Director of
External Affairs Vanessa Geary
told The Ubyssey in 1988.
Mark Betteridge, who led
UBCPT at the time, belittled
calls from local residents who
were asking for both affordable
housing and opposing the
decision to clearcut a forest to
build luxury housing.
"Well, if you're going to build
housing, you can't have trees,"
Betteridge told this newspaper
in 1989. He suggested students
should stop demanding more
residences on campus and simply
share private housing.
Student opposition to private
development on campus persisted
even as the the private housing
fueled UBC's transformation into
an elite institution. But given its
status as a private entity run by
a team of real estate developers,
UBC Properties Trust has been
able to move ahead despite
community protest.
Poettcker explained the role
UBCPT played accelerating
campus development.
"In a university setting ... it's
just very consensual," he told
UBC Archives, explaining that
this just was not acceptable when
it came to building projects. "You
can't wait until you get everybody
on side — if something is being
built, answers need to be made
The disconnect between
Poettcker and others leading
campus development from the
students is apparent in comments
made over the past 30 years. In
response to demands from Metro
Vancouver, UBC developed a
land use plan in 2000. The plan
outlined commercial and private
housing developments and
raised hackles from many in the
However, Poettcker noted
during a community consultation,
"If we don't reach a critical mass
here, we'll never attract the kind
of services that will make people
stay on campus 16 to 18 hours
a day." It is unclear when people
staying on campus 18 hours a day
became one of UBC's goals.
In 2003, when UBC proposed
building three 18-story residential
towers with retail space along
University Boulevard — where
Shoppers and Mahoney's now
are — Chair ofthe Development
Committee Harold Kalke suggested
students' parents could buy condos
for them.
Campus and Community
Planning is the UBC department
that oversees development on
campus — serving as a kind of City
Hall for approving building and
event permits as well as ensuring
a 2010 Land Use Plan is properly
While CC+P goes through
rigorous consulting processes on
proposed developments, they are
ultimately an undemocratic body
and answer to the largely unelected
Board of Governors which has a
mandate to oversee the university's
financial health.
"It's quite an amazing story if
you look at it broadly," Michael
White, leader of CC+P, said ofthe
transformation of campus into a
small city. "Something we always
remind people [is] that, as an
academic instruction and as a quasi-
muni cipality, place is a big factor in
our success."
White said the goal was not just
to grow the endowment, but also
to build a sustainable community
on campus that will cut down on
commuting times and encourage
people to both live and work on
campus. The Land Use plan calls
for half of all households in private
housing to have at least one member
affiliated with the university. CC+P
also wants to ensure 25 per cent of
the student body can live on campus.
By all indications, White and
his colleagues at UBC's planning
department want to build a model
community on campus. But with
development being the primary
source of growth for the university's
endowment and that they are not
democratically accountable to the
student community, the student body
is marginalized.
Moreover, while Campus and
Community Planning is theoretically
the sole arbiter of development
at the university, UBC Properties
Trust holds outsize influence for
its supposed role as a private entity
distinct from the university.
"There is a very important
separation of roles on this campus,"
Lai, the university counsel, said,
emphasizing that UBCPT was
only a stakeholder on campus and
not a decisionmaker. Campus and
Community Planning "is required
to exercise their judgement
Yet, Bailey said representatives
of both Campus and Community
Planning and UBCPT came to
suggest moving Block Party away
from the private residential areas on
South Campus. More, he said that
Poetcker was part ofthe university's
executive committee meeting that
put the final kibosh on Block Party at
Thunderbird Stadium over concerns
related to land values.
That does not mesh with Lai's
explanation of UBCPT's status as a
private entity outside the university's
"If the chief executive officer
of UBC Properties had something
to say, of course anybody can
express their views to Campus and
Community Planning and they
will consider all those views, but
ultimately the decision they make is
their decision," he said.
The rather convoluted and
undemocratic nature of what
campus development has become
was summed up well by disgruntled
faculty member Mike Feeley in a
2003 Ubyssey article.
"[UBC Properties Trust] is there
to make money. They're there to get
your money," he said. "We're living in
a company town." 'M
- With files from Vassi
Sharlandjieva and Samantha
UBC Properties Trustshould
be excluded from executive
committee discussions
- UBC Properties Trustshould
be required to solicit student
feedback in addition to the
consultations conducted
by Campus and Community
Planning when proposing new
developments on campus
-The university should diversify
the sources of its endowment
such that it is significantly less
reliant commercial real estate
development on campus
V. All BoGged down: tuition without representation
In the mid-1990s, water fountains in
UBC buildings started disappearing.
The university cited poor water
quality and said, that instead of
repairing the fountains, plumbers
had accidentally taken them out
altogether. They removed 97
fountains from 17 buildings, former
Ubyssey writer Stanley Tromp
reported in the Georgia Straight.
Then they built new buildings on
campus, like the Forest Sciences
Centre, without any water fountains.
The move coincided with a
joint UBC and AMS 1995 deal with
Coca- Cola to become the sole drink
supplier on campus. Including water.
Vending machine's selling Coke's
Dasani brand of water popped up
around campus.
The deal turned out to be
rather insane. Coke was to pay the
university $8.4 million over 10 years.
But to meet the requirements ofthe
deal, UBC needed to consume 33.6
million Coke products over 10 years.
That did not happen. In exchange,
UBC had to grant Coke a free, two-
year exclusivity extension.
But students did not find this out
for six years because UBC refused
to release the terms ofthe deal.
They justified this under the now-
repealed Policy 116, which granted
private corporations contracted
with the university to decide what
information to release in response
to Freedom of Information Act
Eventually, the BC Information
Privacy Commissioner ordered the
university to release the terms of
the Coke deal over the strenuous
opposition ofthe university. It
was eventually revealed that, in
negotiations with Coke, UBC and the
AMS had the option to sign a deal
with public terms and had decided
not to.
University Counsel Hubert Lai
explained the situation: Coke
said, "There's two sets of pricing
information we're prepared
to share with you. One is the
information that we can share
with you if we know it's going to
remain confidential because, if
it was disclosed, that would put
us at a competitive disadvantage.
If you can't do that... then we
can give you a different set of
pricing information which will
be higher prices. But if that's
the cost of transparency, then
that's a decision the AMS and the
university can make.'"
The university declined to pay
the price of transparency.
This has not been a great year for
transparency at UBC.
UBC announced that President
Arvind Gupta was stepping down
as president in early August, late
on a Friday afternoon. In other
words, they tried to bury the
The statement released said
Gupta had "resigned" from the
presidency to focus on academia.
This was widely considered to
be a euphemism for Gupta being
forced out of his leadership
The president serves at the
will ofthe Board of Governors.
The board oversees all the
financial affairs ofthe university
— including setting a budget and
making decisions on construction
and tuition rates. It is also an
undemocratic and unaccountable
The board has 21 members, 11 of
whom are appointed by the province.
Many of those 11 have donated
significant sums of money to the BC
Liberals — the current government
— and have little to no experience
running a university.
UBC Insiders, an investigative
blog on campus, has documented the
BoG secrecy quite thoroughly over
the past several years.
In June, Board Secretary Reny
Kahlon proposed a new board policy
that would ban recording BoG
meetings or taking photographs.
"It was intended to ensure
that activities ofthe board
could be handled in a way that
was appropriate and efficient,"
University Counsel Hubert Lai
said in an interview. He added
that, while his office was charged
with writing the policy, they are
required to respond to all such
requests. "[It] doesn't always
mean that every policy request is
a good idea," he added.
Neal Yonson of UBC Insiders
noted that if the policy passed —
which, as of this writing, it has
not — this would only compound
the secrecy already prevalent on
the board.
He wrote that an agenda item
covering international tuition
increases, detailed in full just
last week, had been discussed by
the board last spring in a rather
opaque manner.
"It [came] with no
documentation, no presentation
and [was] only allotted five
minutes," Yonson wrote. "This
item did not appear on the
open portion ofthe Committee
agenda the week prior. Motions
like this do not appear out of
nowhere. Chances are extremely
Then-Board of Govenors Chair John Montalbano walks past reporters as he returns to
a secret board meeting.
high that, in the closed session
of Committees, there was
documentation, a presentation
and way more than five minutes
of discussion."
Apparently, the Board of
Governors contact information is a
state secret. When Yonson sought
to find that information through a
Freedom of Information Act request,
the responsive documents included
just a handful of phone numbers and
no email addresses.
Everything else was considered
personal information not subject to
Board members are apparently
not given UBC email addresses,
which would be exposed to Freedom
of Information requests.
The lack of transparency on
the university's highest governing
body is disconcerting — especially
considering that, since the majority
ofthe board is appointed rather
than elected, it becomes difficult to
hold the board accountable for their
decisions and behavior.
"In terms of accountability, they
are accountable to their respective
constituencies," Lai, the university
counsel, said.
While the provincial government
could remove an appointed board
member for any reason they see fit,
students and others in the university
community have little recourse to
move against any board members
with the exception of handful of
representatives elected by students,
staff and faculty at the university. 'M
Board of Governors meetings
should bevideo recorded and open
sessions should be live streamed
on the internet
accountability liaison to ensure the
Board operates in as transparent a
manneras possible
Board of Governors members
should be given university email
addresses and all official board
emails should go through these
Board of Governors contact information should be posted publicly
But if that's the cost of transparency,
then that's a decision the AMS and
jniyersity ca n ma ke. // OPINIONS
Why I didn't vote
If you're 18 or older, you've
probably felt the pressure to
"exercise your right to vote."
It comes from the media, our
university and every budding
poli-sci major on campus. From
Rick Mercer showing up on my
Facebook newsfeed demanding
that I take part in democracy,
to the posters plastered
everywhere on campus telling
me to "Champion The Vote," the
message is clear — voting is my
right and, by not exercising it, I
put to shame to what it means to
be Canadian.
That being said, I'm not voting.
Before you close your browser
window in disgust, hear me out.
I'm not an apathetic young adult
who doesn't care who's running
the country. I'm an informed
individual who thinks changing
the system by working within it
accomplishes nothing.
Take strategic voting — what
happened to voting for someone
who represented your beliefs?
We're willing to mess with an
already broken system just to see
one man gone. Our willingness to
resort to strategic voting proves
there's something wrong with
the system. We act as if some
nefarious supervillain threatened
this country with nuclear
weapons and forced us to place
Harper in power. The truth is that
we voted him in using the same
system that we're now employing
to kick him out.
Take a look at the issues that
have dominated this election
season: the niqab, Bill C-51 and
Justin Trudeau's hair. The politics
are of fear, misinformation and
superficiality reign supreme.
Thoughtful political discourse is
missing in the current political
landscape because the system
prefers sensationalism. How are
voters supposed to decide when
presented with candidates that are
caricatures of themselves and have
policies that can be summed up in
a few short sentences?
Jude Crasta compared our
system to a "broken down car in
the woods." He argued that we
wouldn't abandon the car in hopes
of fixing its engine, so why do the
same with our system? I agree that
our system is broken. But voting
won't fix anything because it's
part ofthe system itself. It's like
opening up the hood and being
told to fix the engine with the
spare tire. Sure, the tire is part of
the car — but it's hardly the right
tool to use. I'm not abandoning
the system by not voting, I'm
simply refusing to acknowledge
its legitimacy and looking at an
alternate method of fixing it.
Voting won't fix
anything because
it's part of the
system itself"
If 80 per cent ofthe population
decided they wouldn't take part in a
democratic farce, government would
have to look at reform. It sounds like
a dream, but all it requires is that
people stop pretending democracy
works in this country. Citizen
education, electoral reform and
political revolution is necessary in
order to unite this country and break
free of ideologies, class, religion and
race. If you think the system works
fine, then enjoy the thrill of filling
out a ballot. But if you think your
voice is worth more than just a slip of
paper, then educate yourself, start a
movement, demand change and opt
out ofthe circus.
JastejLuddu is a first-year arts
student at UBC. %
You should've voted
This op-ed is a response to "Why I
didn't vote" by Jastej Luddu.
Dear Mr. Luddu,
In your letter, you
condescendingly state: "if you
think the system works fine, then
enjoy the thrill of filling out a
Canadians are visibly upset
by the state of their government
and unhappy with the system —
that I can agree with. However,
strategic voting is a way to fix it.
If you were as informed as
you say, perhaps you'd realize
that all parties have expressed
serious support for reforming the
electoral system and part ways
with first-past-the-post — of
course, all the parties with the
exception ofthe Conservatives.
An obvious minority of people
were actually in support of a
Conservative government in the
2011 Canadian federal election.
Only 39.62 per cent of votes
cast their ballot for the Tories.
That means an estimated 60
per cent of voters didn't want
a Conservative government.
Unfortunately, we have the first-
past-the-post electoral system to
thank for the unrepresentative
Conservative win.
You claim to not be apathetic,
but not voting is an incredibly
passive response. Doing nothing
requires no energy and giving
nothing receives nothing.
You claim that Canada has
a simple solution: "It sounds
like a dream, but all it requires
is that people stop pretending
democracy works in this country."
Yes, a dream is exactly what
that sounds like — a dream
in which you can lay in your
bed with your eyes closed and
blindly hope that your collective
passivity will achieve something.
It won't. If we want to change
the system, we need to figure out
how to change it from within.
If nobody voted, governments
would steam ahead unopposed
while Canadians watched.
Walking away from something
that frustrates you is easy;
challenging politicians at their
own game is hard.
If we want to
change the
system, we need
to figure out how
to change it from
You complain about the
substance of various political
platforms: "Take a look at the
issues that have dominated
this election season: the niqab,
Bill C-51 and Justin Trudeau's
hair. The politics are of fear,
misinformation and superficiality
reign supreme."
Please note that all three of
the issues you listed are part of
the Conservative Party's fear-
mongering platform. These dirty
political tactics are exactly why
we must collectively conquer
this current government in order
to alleviate these issues in the
If you are unhappy with your
current government, passivity
won't achieve anything but more
inequality. Instead of opting out,
take responsibility for the change
you want to see in our nation's
democratic system. Do something
about Canada's future, and vote.
Bailey Ramsay is a fourth-year
English Literature major and copy
editor at The Ubyssey. 'JJ
More should take
advantage of
Canada's peace
Election time in Ghana (my home
country) is quite an event. Party
colours and paraphernalia are
everywhere from manifestos to
calendars and more eccentric
merchandise such as fans, albums
and even tissue boxes with electoral
candidates' faces plastered all over.
In Ghana, you'll find snaking lines of
people queuing up to vote, many of
whom woke up at 3 a.m. to get a spot
in line. Ghana is filled with eager
citizens who really can't wait to vote.
Ghana is a peaceful democracy.
That being said, we have suffered
military coups in the past. As a
result, whenever elections come
about, you see a lot of peace
campaigns. Some ofthe media went
as far as to broadcast Hotel Rwanda
during the most recent 2012
election in the hopes of inhibiting
election violence and serving as a
reminder ofthe fallout of violence
we see all too often in daily news.
So why is there such apathy
among Canadian youth when it
comes to elections? If you have
peace, don't take it for granted. 'M
Am I allowed to
feel sad?
Advice column
"Dear Natalie,
I broke up with my boyfriend
this weekend and I feel really
bad now. I know it was the right
choice, but I feel like I don't
deserve to feel this way."
Just because you were on this side
ofthe break up doesn't mean it
was any less of a break up. You still
have a blank space in your life now
that was filled until a few days ago.
Don't think that just because you
were the one who broke things off
that you don't have a right to feel
whatever you feel. That's the thing
about feelings - no one should tell
you which ones you can have.
You deserve the same love and
hugs from your friends, the same ice
cream runs, the same understanding
when you need a cry.
When things are tough,
remember that it takes a huge
amount of courage to end a
relationship that needs to end. You
will find love in a partner one day,
even if it wasn't today.
Tell us about it.
opinion@ubyssey.ca // CULTURE
Heartbreak and hilarity: Empire ofthe Son
Shigematu's performance was stunning, hilarious and emotional.
Olivia Law
Culture Editor
"Seventy-two per cent. That's how
much water is in your body. And
that water has been around here on
earth for four and half billion years.
That means, the moisture in your
breath was once at the centre of a
glacier during The Ice Age. In your
frozen form, you carved valleys
through unnamed mountain
When one man can make a
room full of adults laugh, cry,
feel excessively uncomfortable
and mourn for a man they never
knew all in 90 minutes, it's
undeniable that something special
is happening.
Tetsuro Shigematsu, a Vanier
scholar at UBC, is performing
an extended run of his one-man,
one-act play Empire ofthe Son at
The Cultch. A play that explores
intercultural and intergenerational
differences, Empire ofthe Son
is a profound piece of theatrical,
technical and literary mastery.
The story of Shigematsu — his
childhood in England, growing
up in Montreal, travelling to Asia,
his marriage, his children and
parents — are embodied through
recordings, live video and different
voices and stances. Scenes from
his childhood are portrayed
through a model bathroom, a
miniature mail cart and abstract
representations through hand
motions of conversations with
his father, a former BBC radio
Shigematsu read letters from
his father aloud, used microphone
settings to mimic the loneliness
of radio broadcasting to the world
and projected photos of his own
children and childhood.
Empire ofthe Son is a musing
on feelings — what it means to be
strong, whether tears are a sign of
strength or weakness and how to
show people that you love them.
Shigematsu questions which
generation in the male heritage of
his family stopped being able to
cry — and when the cycle will end.
The first moment of wrecked
emotion in the audience was
a video clip of Shigematsu's
children. A candid video, shot in
his garden, the eight and 12 year-old
ask their father whether he had ever
really cried as an adult. No answer is
given. It is enough.
Looking after his father in
the last few months of his life,
Shigematsu shows his struggle
to express his love for his father,
comparing it to the "hop in his
step" when his grandfather
finally returned home from being
a prisoner of war. The parallels
between his life and the life of his
father are hauntingly heartbreaking.
He tells ofthe way his three sisters
could "coo and cluck" over him,
transforming from mothers, wives,
business women back to benevolent
children again.
Though Empire ofthe Son
focuses largely on the nuclear
relationship of Shigematsu and his
parents, the second moment that
brought the audience to tears was
one ofthe few mentions of his wife.
Shigematsu's mother — unable
to see any light throughout the
painfully slow deterioration of his
father - was invited to move in by
her daughter-in-law. She could see
the joy the two children brought to
her — a joy only children can bring.
Playing himself and his father,
Shigematsu shows immense
comedic talent, capturing the spirit
ofthe quiet, understated man who
— although he had lived through
bombings, fires, the infamous
Marilyn Monroe birthday address
and tea with the Queen - was just
his father.
The magic ofEmpire ofthe Son
lies in the fact that the audience
cannot tell exactly what is true and
what is false. The lines between
what is for theatrical effect and
what is pure emotion are blurred,
and the intimacy of Shigematsu's
performance uses subtleties that
can only be indulged within a small
What ultimately keeps the two
apart are their similarities. The
differences in values, culture and
relationships are glaringly obvious,
but the strength evident in both
men is moving and inspiring.
A beautiful performance
and stunning memorial of an
incredible man, Empire ofthe Son
deserves every single sold out
show. 'tJ
xDine makes lunchtime easier
xDineaims to shorten wait times for food on campus.
Adam Siddiqui
Lunchtime rushes at food outlets
around campus can put a huge
damper on anyone's day. xDine
is an app that integrates online
ordering into a restaurant's website
in order to provide a way for them
to move into the digital age with
ease. The app is now being used by
the AMS for students in the new
The AMS has taken this concept
and worked it into the Nest. Now,
instead of waiting in line for a
horrendous amount of time to
get your food, students can order
their food before even arriving at
the building. This means that the
precious moments before you have
to dash to class will not be spent
waiting for food because, in all your
smartness, you have ordered your
food online.
Something to keep in mind
when using the app is that there is
a delay in the time you order your
food and the time you can pick up
your food.
Ava Nasiri, AMS VP
Administration, explained this as a
way to prevent people from ordering
their food just to jump to the front of
the line.
'You can't stand next to someone
in line, order and get your food
before them. There is a bit of a
delay for that food outlet to have an
opportunity to make your food," she
said. "It's also preventing the risk for
a system in which you have people
waiting in line forever because
these online orders just pile up and
the people in line continue to get
bumped down."
This feature has been at UBC for
a year now. Formerly Lunchstreet, it
was launched last year and has been
updated to complement the new
food outlets in the Nest.
The app is simple: you first
choose the outlet you want, then
select menu item(s) that fit your diet
and finally pay by credit or debit
For those who pay with debit
or credit cards, the app will save
time. However, for the hundreds
of students, first-years especially,
who rely on their meal cards to feed
themselves, they are out of luck.
Nasiri said that the AMS is very
aware ofthe students who rely on
their UBC Cards and have been in
contact with UBC over the use of
their cards on the AMS's xDine.
Unfortunately, UBC is trying to get
students to pay more if they wish to
use their UBC Cards to pay for this
service. This is something the AMS
is not trying to endorse.
Long term goals for this app
seem within reach. The AMS hopes
that xDine will allow students to
log on anywhere, order from any
UBC outlet with either their credit,
debit, UBC Card or an AMS gift
card; go to the outlet, show them the
confirmation number and walk out
with their lunch for the day. '21
tn. an ■; ::ap i  iv
Online Support for Women Experiencing Partner Violence
iCAN Plan 4 Safety Project
<s  Are you a woman in a stressful relationship with an Intimate partner or ex-partner?
s   Do you live in Ontario, British Columbia or New Brunswick?
v   do you have access to a safe computer and internet?
S   Are you 19 years of age or older?
You are invited to take part in a national study testing whether an
online tool can help improve women's safety and health.
tives of women who are in
relationships with people of diverse genders OR who live in rural areas.
Eligible participants will:
• Complete four confidential online sessions over the course of one year
• Receive up to 4 gift cards in compensation for their time
**No in-person meetings required**
For more information:
Confidential toll-free study line: 1-844-264-4226
Email: bc.icanplan4safetv(S>ubc.ca
Website: www.icanplan4safetv.ca
The iCan Plan A Safety study is a partnership between Western University fftSBttlG5436) and Universities of British
Tm, h.»ii r»*
Columbia {fttO*t H14-Q1817) and New Brunswick (R£Bn201J-103) and is a registered Cllnicai triat (NCTQ2258&41) funded
throuQh the- Canadian Institutes of Hearth Research fCIHft). *■£* 12    I    CULTURE    I   TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20,2015
Speaking, literature and music combine in De Profundis
Olivia Law
Culture Editor
Oscar Wilde is a writer known to
almost every speaker ofthe English
language. Known not only for
his literary mastery, Wilde was a
renowned personality in the latter
half ofthe 19th century.
For two years from 1895-1897,
Wilde was placed in solitary
confinement in Reading Gaol for
sodomy. During this period, he
wrote a letter to his former lover,
Lord Alfred Douglas. According
to Dr Gregory Mackie, a Wildean
scholar in the department of
English, Douglas was "one ofthe
greatest shits in the history of
English literature." An extremely
good-looking, flamboyant and well-
connected man, Douglas was never
tried or placed under arrest for his
"indecent actions" with Wilde or
other men.
De Profundis, the letter from
Wilde to Douglas, not only addresses
specific points in their relationship,
but Wilde's own downfall, his
suffering in prison and the injustice
ofthe situation. The School of
Music is putting on a performance
of Frederic Rzewski's composition
- a set of eight piano preludes
interlinked with excerpts from
Wilde's work.
Terence Dawson, a professor in
the School of Music and pianist for
the production, recites the text in a
dictated rhythm, accompanied by
the musical composition.
"It's in a rhythm that [Rzewski]
has dictated, but it's not unnatural at
all," said Dawson. "It's basically the
rhythm ofthe speech."
The pianist plays the music at
the same time as the speech. In a
The decision to take on this mammoth performance was not one Dawson took lightly.
way, it also seems perfectly natural.
In combination with the words,
there are singing, humming
and whistling portions as well
as using the body and piano as
percussive instruments. The
composition is driven by the text
where the overriding emotion
stems from.
De Profundis is a complex
work for the musician. Dawson
spent an intensive six weeks
rehearsing the piece before
deciding to fully commit to
the performance. Rzewski
handwrites his compositions
and provides specific, elaborate
directions for the extended non-
musical techniques.
"I could play the music
expressively, but when it came
to putting them together and
figuring out how I'd be able to
do those two seperate things, that
was the big challenge for me," said
Dawson on the rehearsal process.
The performance is preceded by
a panel discussion about the fusion
of Wilde's words and Rzewski's
music. Panelists Dawson and Mackie
are also joined by Dr. David Metzer
ofthe School of Music.
"I think what we'll be talking
about is looking at the emotive
power ofthe text because it's highly
emotional and quite intense at
moments," said Mackie. "I can see
how it would lend itself to music
because of its emotional power and
range - from suffering to joy, rage
and anger."
There is, of course, a long history
of poetry being set to music and
being used as lyrics, but the text from
Wilde's De Profundis is prose.
"This piece encapsulates
or represents that struggle of
uncertainty, but also the resilience
and the strength of human spirit,"
said Dawson. "It shows how strong
a character he really was. It's a
powerful piece of music combined
with powerful text."
Wilde is not known for his
musical connections or associates
- he is more akin with his extensive
knowledge of literature, art and
philosophy. Yet, De Profundis lends
itself beautifully to the music
of Rzewski. The music is both
lyrical and tonal - a very listenable
piece which serves to effectively
emphasise the hideous conditions
Wilde was subjected to.
"After 30 minutes, you get a very
small glimpse of what it could have
been like," said Dawson. "It still
chokes me up because I don't think
an ordinary person can understand
what it's like to go through two years
of solitary confinement."
This performance is striving to
show the intense interrelations
between the arts, music and
words in complete harmony and
De Profundis will be performed
on October 29 in the Roy Barnett
Recital Hall. 'JJ
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Improv team make elections even funnier
♦ # #
AMS Vice would aim to educate students on substances.
Samuel Du Bois
Nothing is funnier than national
The UBC Improv team took
to the stage in the AMS Student
Nest Blackbox Theatre to provide
an hour of improv shenanigans,
relieving all ofthe pent-up
election stress that is no doubt
churning in the hearts of every
politically-conscious student out
The show got off to a strong
start with lots of input from the
audience ensuing much hilarity.
The evening was comprised
of all the traditional games
from improv theatre, including
audience participation, shouting,
freeze frames, character
switching and word games.
The performance wasn't
exactly as political as what might
have been planned, though there
were some funny parts early on
— one in particular involved Obama
and Clinton in a scene saturated
with sexual tension.
The lack of politics had more
to do with the inclinations ofthe
audience and their suggestions
rather than the performers. The
small group of people in attendance
made the event an enjoyably
intimate one. Most people got to
contribute to the show at some point
if they wanted to.
There were, of course, the
inevitable awkward transitions
you expect sometimes in improv.
However, on the whole, the
team handled the performance
like pros as they dealt with
curveball audience suggestions
and each other's bizarre and
inevitably hilarious decisions in
their stride.
The Improv Team perform
every two weeks on Tuesdays in
Scarfe 100. ^ // CULTURE
Telling the story of Eadweard Muybridge
Paula Duhatschek
Before there was YouTube, there
was television. Before there was
television, there was film. And before
there was film, there was Eadweard
Muybridge who created the first
moving pictures in the 19th century
through stop-motion photography.
Historical significance aside,
have you ever heard of Eadweard
Muybridge? Likely not - if you've
read about him before, you'd
probably remember his creative
interpretation ofthe word "Edward,"
if nothing else.
UBC alumni Josh Epstein and
Kyle Rideout aim to remedy this
omission. The two have co-written,
directed and produced the new film,
Eadweard, a stylized historical drama
based on Muybridge's story.
"Our attempt would be to make
everybody know who Eadweard
Muybridge was," said Epstein.
Epstein and Rideout's
interpretation of Muybridge is of a
tortured genius — an anti-hero who
would fit in alongside Walter White
or Don Draper. InEadweard, he is
played with cryptic power by actor
Michael Eklund, who was recently
seen skulking around on the TV
show Bates Motel.
The film follows Muybridge
from his first encounter with soon-
to-be wife, Flora (Sara Canning),
through to his time spent conducting
"motion studies" in photography
at the University of Pennsylvania.
It ends with a bang — Muybridge
received the last verdict of justifiable
homicide in the U.S. for murdering
his wife's lover.
In between, there are plenty
of elements that will appeal to
lovers of historical costumes and
psychodramas alike — these are
not typically two groups with
a lot of overlap. The film is also
Epstein wants everyone to know the name "Eadweard Muybridge."
suited to photography enthusiasts.
It was shot all around British
Columbia, resulting in an Instagram
feed's worth of beautiful, well-lit
As Muybridge's wife, Canning
is appropriately minx-like and
beautiful. She has the unique
power to deliver phrases such as,
"My father taught me how to use a
pinhole camera," sound like brash
propositions. Although Canning
plays it to a tee, Flora's role is a little
troubling from the outset.
According to Epstein, hers was
the hardest character of all to write.
Little was known about her beyond
what she wrote about her husband
during their divorce trial. As a result,
the writers had to reverse-engineer
a personality for Flora with varying
degrees of success.
"We wanted to take her away
from just being someone who was
at home and had no other interests,"
said Epstein.
"There wasn't a lot known about
her except for the things she wrote
about him when they were getting
divorced. So we took those things,
but we also added in that she desired
to be a model and that put her in
contrast with what Eadweard was
going through."
Despite the writers' best
efforts, Flora still spends much of
the movie either being seductive
or complaining about wanting to
be more involved in Muybridge's
work. I would have liked to see
more about Flora's inner life
without reducing her to a big whiner.
Still, Muybridge's story is
remarkable and he deserves more
of a legacy than he's gotten so
far. For this movie, come for the
history lesson and stay for the same
reason. '21
Aliens taking over downtown Vancouver
Blfe   /
Virtual Stage are back with another terrifying interactive theatre experience.
Rithu Jagannath
Staff Writer
Spending a Tuesday night as an
agent for NASA frantically running
away from angry, famished
zombies isn't something that
happens ... ever. Alien Contagion:
Rise Ofthe Zombie Syndrome
is the third Zombie Syndrome
production created by Andy
It all began at a top-secret
location, which was disclosed the
night before the show. Everyone
was gathered uncomfortably
in groups here and there in the
waiting area.
"Have you done this before?"
"Yeah, it's been amazing and we
have been here so many times that
I expect it to be just as awesome!"
Then an army sergeant walked
in through those doors with a great
deal of purpose.
"Are you the NASA agents?"
he yelled. The audience nodded
- fully aware that this was going
to be a completely unforgettable
theatrical experience.
In one word, the performance
was unexpected. The audience
is directly involved in the plot,
completely separating it from any
form of "traditional" theatre.
The audience is assigned
different roles that are vital
to the mission's success. The
mission details are given - super
advanced aliens have created a
zombie plague to save the Earth
from destruction. The audience
is challenged to venture out on
an epic quest to save their species
before it's too late.
The fun part of this production
is that it throws out some ofthe
etiquette observed in traditional
theatre. They encouraged the
audience to use their phones in order
to solve problems that have been put
The production was terrifyingly
realistic. Although there were some
people that weren't fazed by the
zombies that would lunge forward
at you from in the dark, their groans
were absolutely blood curdling.
The first zombie sighting is a "safe"
distance away, but as the production
continues, they don't hold back.
The performances put on by
the actors, from the soldiers to the
undead, were so believable and
put the audience totally into the
The most impressive
performance ofthe entire night was
by a young woman who played a girl
"possessed" by the alien pilot. She
absolutely nailed how the alien being
was rejecting her human form.
At the culminating point ofthe
entire production, the audience is
given a choice to determine how the
play ends — a complete twist.
For a terrifying, exciting
experience, The Virtual Stage
performance is highly recommended
and perfect for the Halloween
season. 'M
Food on the Brain
(And also on the table).
Elysse Bell
Food columnist
Imagine that you are sitting around
a table full of very passionate,
very smart people who you have
probably never met before. As
a group, you are tasked with
visualizing an abstract and
inevitably controversial concept,
and encouraged to draw on the
table in order to do so. Dinner is
served. Sounds like a business
retreat mixed with a kid-friendly
chain restaurant, right?
Lenses of Sustainability, the
brainchild of Owen Sondergeld
and Sarah Barnes, two upper-year
undergraduate students at UBC,
the event series is the result of
years of planning, dreaming and
The structure ofthe event was
unlike that of any other campus
affair I'd ever been to. Though the
university often provides wonderful
opportunities to hear about new
ideas and inspiring research, events
often follow the format of a lecture
with a limited amount of time for
questions and answers at the end.
As a result, conversation between
participants tends to be restricted
to discussion between, or before
and after, different portions ofthe
Lenses of Sustainability,
however, has something different
up their proverbial sleeve. A
dialogue series, the focus ofthe
evening is to encourage discourse
that privileges both intellectual and
emotional outlooks on the issue at
hand, and that allows each person
to speak and listen from their own
It was obvious that much
thought had gone into the logistics
in order to create this delicate
atmosphere: the tables were set
with everything the participants
needed to feel at ease and on track.
With the addition of a designated
"break out leader" for each table,
participants were poised to delve
into broad, complex questions and
work through them, just enough
outside of their comfort zones that
they couldn't fall back on their
usual social dynamics and patterns.
The organizers did not shy
away from the fact that the evening
would be inevitably threaded
through with conflict. With a room
full of people passionate about
different ways of approaching the
issue of sustainability and necessary
change, how could it not be?
Attendees were encouraged make
this a productive process, both
speaking and listening.
The event and the ideas it raised
live on in my mind, reminding me
to pay attention to all the ways
in which concepts and concerns
around food and sustainability
intersect. I was inspired, challenged
and reinvigorated by this new way
of giving life to important ideas
and thinking through change as a
campus community. 'M // SPORTS+REC
by Isabelle Commerford
1. What are yourgoals forthe season?
2. Which sport would you like to play other
than your own?
To become Canada West
champions and to win
way that I can, improve
as much as I can every
day and enjoy the experience!
Skiing! I might have se-
cret skills in this area...
To podium and win at
[It] is to not have to wear
on-icewarmup. It's a
gorgeous helmet, but
I just don't pull off pink
very well.
started playing soccer
way before I ever played
hockey—I'd like to
shake the rust off a little
bit one day
I'd like to do my part
to help the team win
It would begreattohave
our senior players graduate on a high note.
would play futsal which
is a really technica
game. Orl wouldjoina
swim team.
3. What is your favourite thing about campus?
The Pit.
It's a getaway from the
city and the responsibilities in my other life.
Without a doubt being
so close to the beach
The campus is beautiful.
I enjoy the daily walk
I'm heading to training at
Thunderbird Stadium.
4. What is the worst piece of advice you have
"You are lazy!"
Ahh, it's not to be
Can't thinkofany!
worst piece of advice
I've received shouldn't
be repeated.
don't like the saying
"you'll get what you
deserve" because it's
falseforso many peo-
plein the world.
5. Who is your favourite Thunderbird?
Alex Russell is my fa
To be determined...
Most definitely Thunder!
vourite because he is so
swim team! They're all
When 1 was Ave, 1 won
Gevorg. They aren't
nice and well behaved in
awesome and a good
student athletes, but
practice and outside the
draw ata UBC volleyball
we get along well and
court. However, he trash
game...it made my
they're so important to
talks a lot during game.
Thundebirds heading to playoffs after blowout win
Bill Situ
Staff Writer
After beating the Alberta Golden
Bears 39-21 on the road, UBC football
beat them again 54-10 at home to
produce the season's most impressive
"They're doing what it takes to
turn this program around and I'm
pretty proud of them for doing that,"
said Blake Nill, UBC's head coach.
The match remained scoreless
until T-Birds kicker Quinn van
Gylswyck opened the scoring
late in the first quarter with a
19-yard field goal. The remaining
three quarters ofthe game saw
Notice of Development Permit Application - DP 15032
Public Open House
Totem Park Residence Infill Phase 2
You are invited to attend an Open House on Thursday, October 22 to view and comment on a
proposed new student residence building south of the existing Totem Residence to house 350
first and second year students.
ursday,October22,2015 4:30-6:30 PM
, Coquihalla Commons Block, 2525 West Mall
I  —^r	
>     F/SC
:/S A      Westchester
Iff    Location
Plans will be displayed for a new 8,900m2,
student residence with 350 beds. The facility will be
comprised of a 6-storey dormitory block and a
single-storey shared amenity building.
Representatives from the project team and Campus +
Community Planning will be available to provide
information and respond to inquiries about this
For more information or to comment on this project,
please visit:
For further information:
Please direct questions to Karen Russel
Manager, Development Services
karen.russell@ubc.ca   604-822-1586
This event is wheelchair accessible.
This notice contains important information which may affect you. Please ask someone to translate it for you.
94!« WM =l 5!* S^shfe AHf# £a|sw?l HfgfM^.
a place of mind
campus+community planning
impressive performances from
various UBC players.
After the Thunderbirds
successfully advanced deep
into the Golden Bears' territory
at the end ofthe first quarter,
UBC running back Brandon
Deschamps scored a touchdown
early in the second to increase
the team's lead to 10-0.
Five minutes later, defensive
back Stavros Katsantonis
recovered a fumble by Alberta
running back Ed Ilnicki.
Katsantonis then ran the ball
61 yards to score a second
touchdown for the T-Birds,
elevating the score to 17-0.
The only points that the
Golden Bears scored during the
first half were from a field goal
by Stephen Fabian in the second
quarter, but that did not slow
the Thunderbirds. Receiver Alex
Morrison scored the team's third
touchdown to make the score
24-3 by halftime.
UBC's dominance did not end
there. After the T-Birds opened
the third quarter with a safety,
Deschamps scored two more
touchdowns to make the score
33-3 — one of which was on a
68-yard run. Deschamps finished
the game with three touchdowns
and 176 rushing yards for his best
performance ofthe season. Still,
he credits his ability to run and
score to the help of his offensive
line teammates.
"I think my O-line came out
and they were just making people
move ... When they get people
moving, it makes it a lot easier for
me," said Deschamps.
Deschamps was not the only
one who provided firepower
for the 'Birds. The next two
touchdowns went to receiver
Marcus Davis during the late
third and early fourth quarters,
making the score 54-3.
After four quarters of torment
by UBC, Alberta managed a
touchdown in the fourth, which
brought the game to a final score
of 54-10.
UBC's defensive play was also
noticeably strong throughout
the game. Katsantonis caught
two interceptions in addition to
his fumble recovery touchdown.
Linebacker Terrell Davis also had
one and a half sacks.
Despite the Thunderbirds' big
win, Nill believes that the team
still has room for improvement.
"I was unhappy with the
tempo in the fourth quarter, but
that's just experience," said Nill.
"We're not as good as people
think we are yet, but we're
getting better. We're going in the
right direction."
UBC football now holds a
record of 4-2 and is second in
Canada West. They will play their
next game at Saskatchewan this
upcoming Friday. 'M
Final  54   10 TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20,2015   |    SPORTS    |   15
Grading the Thunderbirds
Whileyou've been busy procrastinating midterms
with Netflix, tubs of ice cream and Oreos, the UBC
Thunderbird varsity athletes have been busy training,
competing and winning (mostly). Most fall sports are
gearing up forthe playoffs. Check in with some ofthe
best athletes and teams in Canada. Our expert pane
of sport fanatics have been closely following the'Birds
this season and weighed in. Each team was given a letter
grade based on their performances, records and chances
at the playoffs. We also named a stand out player for each
team. Be sure to check out some ofthe upcoming games
and cheer on the 'Birds as they chase down the CIS.
8- Football
As a team that missed the playoffs last
season, this year is definitely a sign of
major improvement. With a current season
record of 4-2, UBC football sits in second in
the Canada West Conference. With three
games remaining in the regularseason,
entering the playoffs is a possibility. In the
past five games, UBC football has witnessed
some noticeable strength and talent from
the offense, defence and special teams.
Quarterback Michael O'Connor and various
receivers have combined to produce many
successful touchdowns. On defence, players like Mitch Barnett, Terrell Davis and Taylor Loftier have all proven to be very effective
tacklers.Trivel Pinto also currently ranks first
in the CIS for average return yards. However,
the T-Birds'overall lack of consistency has
taken a toll on their season.
A+- Mens Soccer
After a disappointing 2014 season that
resulted in a loss in the Canada West semifinals, long-time coach Mike Mosher has
been looking to build a squad that would
make the UBC men's soccer team a national
championship contenderonce again.
Thanks to some off-season moves, the UBC
men's soccer team has gone undefeated
so far this season, posting an impressive
league leading record of 9-0-1. While the
team has been racking up goals from the
likes of Sean Einarsson (8G2A) andGagan
Dosanjh (5G 4A), solid defence has also
been key to their success. With newly
acquired goalkeeper Chad Bush between
the pipes, the squad has conceded just 4
goals and earned 6 clean sheets in their first
10 games. Expect the 'Birds to make a good
run for nationals in November.
Quinn van
Upcoming Competitions
@ Saskatchewan
10.23.15,6 p.m.
vs. Manitoba
@ Canada West Semi Fina
—11.7.15, TBA
Kirsten Lee and
Jesse Hooton
Upcoming Competitions
@ Association of Independent
institutions Conference Championships—11.17.15
@ NAIA Cross Country
Championships —11.21.15
Sean Einarsson     Jasmine Dhanda
Upcoming Competitions
vs. Trinity Western —
10.23.15,7 p.m.
vs. Fraser Valley —10.24.15,
vs. Canada Wester quarter-finals—10.31.15, TBA
Upcoming Competitions
vs. Fraser Valley —10.23.15,
5 p.m.
vs. Trinity Western —10.24.15,
5 p.m.
vs. Canada Wester quarter-finals—10.31.15, TBA
vs. Canada Wester quarter-finals—11.5.15, TBA
Cross Country 8-
Crosscountry, under their first new coach
since 1987, has been keeping busy this year.
The team has now competed in three
tournaments; the Sundodger Invitational,
Charles Bowles Invitational and the Western
Washington University Classic. The team
has put up some pretty impressive results.
The men's team finished third at Bowles and
seventh at both Sundodger and the WWUC.
The women also finished third at Bowles
and posted sixth and ninth performances at
Sundodger and WWUC respectively.
Jesse Hooton has consistently led the 'Birds,
finishing firstfortheteam at both theSun-
dodger and WWUC competitions.
The women led by Port Coquitlam native
Kirsten Lee. Newcomers Enid Au and Nicola
Symonds have lived up to the high expectations they arrived to at UBC.
finishing fii
The worm
Kirsten Lee. h
Symonds ha>
Women's Soccer A-
Women'ssoccerteam had a phenomenal
season. Despite changing leadership and
playing with the ever-present pressure of
holding the nationals this year, the team has
done well. The team has only slowed twice this
season, once against the University of Fraser
Valley Cascades (aka the Bird-killers), and by
division rivals, UVic Vikes. Head coach Marisa
Kovacs has pushed the team to an impressive
10-1-1 record and has maintained the team's
first place position at top ofthe pacific division
from the start of the season. Olivia de Goede,
the team's goalkeeper, has consistently saved
the balls, and the team when it mattered.
Midfielder Taylor Shannik is fourth in the league
in assists and has been instrumental in the
key plays of most games, while Surrey native
Jasmine Dhanda leads for shots on goal in the
Canada West, and is second in goals.
A Men's Rugby
The UBC men's rugby team have dominated
thestartof theirseason recording two big
wins. The team's home opener drew a large
crowd on September 26 as they took on
Capilano RFC mere days after their return
from the first ever World University Rugby
Cup in England.
UBC defeated University of Oxford, 18 to 14,
to take home third place, facing teams from
around the world. The Thunderbirds dominated the second half of play and celebrated a 43-24 win. The team got some much
needed rest before returning to the field on
October 10 to verse the Vancouver Rowing
Club. The team continued to exercise their
dominance and recorded a 34-6 win. The
Thunderbirds deafeted Burnaby Lake FC 38-
25 and continue to defend their undefeated
Alex Mascott
Upcoming Competitions
@ UBCOB Ravens RFC —
10.24.15,2:45 p.m.
vs. Meraloma RC—10.31.15,
2:45 p.m.
@ Seattle Saracens —
11.7.15, TBA
Ciara Malone
Upcoming Competitions
Women's Rugby "D+-
The UBC women's rugbyteam haa a rough
season which ended with a 26-0 loss
atthe hands ofthe University of Alberta
and a record of 0-3-1.TheThunderbirds
opened the season on September 25th
at home with a tough 17-31 loss against
the Calgary Dinos falling to their dominating scrum. With a quick turnaround they
hosted the University of Lethbridge that
same weekend and came out with a 12-12
tie. The team played their first away game
at University of Victoria on October 4 and
recorded a 10-28 loss. The Thunderbirds'
loss to the University of Alberta sealed
their fate, as they failed to qualify for the
Canada West championship playoffs
this year. Ciara Malone stood out with 20
points, which ties her for the third most
points in the league.
Olamide Olaniyan, Prabhjot Grewal, Matt Langmuir, Bill Situ and Koby Michaels 16    I    GAMES + COMICS    I   TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 2015
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1-Those, to Juan:
5-Roman holiday:
10-Tabula ;
16- Slang expert Partridge;
17-Put out;
19- Entr' ;
20-Nowyou ...;
23-Common article;
25- Bowling lane button:
26-Will- -wisp;
31- Vertical face of a stair;
35- Bring civil action against;
36-Con game;
37- -tung;
38- Lattice;
42-Got on;
43- Ran into;
44-Syrian president;
45-Rider's command:
46-IRS IDs;
47-Marsh of mystery;
49-"        loves you, yeah, yeah,
51-Values highly;
58-Israel's Barak:
64-Hard candy:
66-Bring forth young:
67-Author Zola;
1-Female sheep;
2-      -Coburg-Gotha:
3- Bone: Prefix;
4-Certain Muslim:
5-Cookie fruit;
6- Web address ending
7-Cinque follower;
9-Remains of a fire:
Public Workshop - October 24
Wesbrook Place Neighbourhood Design Vision
UBC, working with the UNA, is undertaking a process to develop a more detailed
design vision for the Wesbrook Place Neighbourhood.
This process follows up on a commitment UBC made to the UNA to develop a more detailed design vision
for Wesbrook Place. With just over half of Wesbrook Place built, it is now time to check with the community
and confirm the design vision to support the development of the remaining sites.
Date: Saturday, October 24, 2015      Time: 10:00am - 1:00pm
Place: Wesbrook Community Centre, Room 201,5998 Berton Avenue
Registration for the workshop is required. Email info.planning@ubc.ca before Octob
ier 21.
The workshop will include a walking tour and small group discussions on
neighbourhood design, including building shape and character, open space
and landscape design, streetscapes, and other ways to enhance livability
through design.
Please note that no changes to the UBC Land Use Plan and no net change
to planned overall residential floor space within the Neighbourhood Plan area
are being considered for this planning process.
Online consultation runs from October 19- Novemberl at planning.ubc.ca
For additional information, contact: Gabrielle Armstrong, Senior Manager,
Consultation, at gabrielle.armstrong@ubc.ca or 604-822-9984,
This notice contains important information which may affect you. Please ask someone to translate it for you.
oi «*ifegsr«°ii! ^aifegatrSfi7h*oi ai^qch.
&£!« flsH zl #« a^shfe H&m «s|*W7| «rSH^.
a place of mind
Campus + Community Planning
10-Allergic response;
11-St. Louis landmark;
12- Word that can succeed building,
web or burial;
18- degree;
22-Add fizz;
24-Spanish hero;
25-Grog ingredient;
26-Port of old Rome;
27- Rotates;
28-Pays attention to;
30- Western Hemisphere org.:
33-City on the Ruhr:
36-Heavy hammer;
37- King with a golden touch;
42-Letter after pi;
48-Miss by ;
50- polloi;
51-Hard to hold;
52-Foot covering;
53-Big brass;
55-Versailles verb;
56-Baltic capital;
60-Actor Wallach;
61-Competitor of Tide and Cheer;
62-Caustic chemical;
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