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The Ubyssey Oct 1, 1969

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Array This special edition of The Ubyssey
will inform students of plans for
todays border crossing demonstration
The following is the -schedule for "Operation
Bord ere lose":
• 12:30—20 buses will be available for boarding
at the traffic circle in front of SUB. Students and
faculty members with cars will line up northbound
along East Mall and are urged to take as many
demonstrators as possible.
• 12:45-Buses will leave campus for the Douglas
border crossing. Cars will follow the buses in a
cavalcade.
• 1:45—The cavalcade will arrive at the Peace
Arch. Cars will be directed to parking space.
• 2:00—Operation Borderclose begins.
• 3:00—Buses and cars will return students to
UBC.
MAYTHESEGAT
ES NEVER
CL0S£[
■"«■; **■. "IP *a*e~«m **p**"(* «m **$
—david bowwman photo
WE'LL SHOW 'em today how closed the border can get. UBC faculty and students will join forces
with demonstrators across Canada to protest the nuclear testing at Amchitka. We don't want to hear
"Surf's up!" in Victoria.
SHUT THE BORDER!
■-mmmmm■ i iiiiih
i—*riii»*i-iifit —wir-*r-T-it>iirm—
_£__
Quake possible
ecologist warns
A GIFT OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE . .. THANKS!
"Nuclear tests such as the one to be held at
Amchitka can have dire consequences—black
consequences—for life as we know it on this
planet."
UBC ecologist Robin Harger was speaking to
2,500 students Tuesday at the Operation
Border close rally in the SUB plaza.
He outlined possible consequences of
Thursday's Atomic Energy Commission blast in the
Aleutian Islands for mankind in general and
residents of B.C. in particular.
"The most obvious danger is the radiation
which may result from the blast," he said
"If the radiation escapes, which is a distinct
possibility, it will affect the water, marine
organisms, fish and ultimately man."
RADIATION ESCAPES
Harger said in 200 previous nuclear tests in
Nevada there have been 11 cases in which radiation
has escaped in large amounts.
He said the other possible danger resulting from
the Amchitka blast is an earthquake and resulting
tidal waves.
Do you know your legal rights?
Be warned of the legal ramifications
of today's Peace Arch protest.
The whole idea this afternoon is to
make an important point, and the
easiest way to detract from that point is
to cause unnecessary hassles.
B.C, Civil Liberties Association
president John Stanton advised
Tuesday:
"Don't give the police the chance to
nail you on a side issue. This also gives
"the press a position to attack the
demonstration from."
Stanton said obstruction of traffic on
a public highway, as is planned, is an
offence under the Motor Vehicles Act
and is punishable by summary
conviction with a six month and $ 500
maximum penalty.
Unlawful assembly charges cannot be
laid unless ample indication of intent to
break the peace by shouting, fighting, or
similar carry-on, is shown.
Side issues are a bummer, so do
everyone a favor and don't get busted
for dope or booze.
As for arrests (although it's damn
difficult to arrest 3,000 people and put
them somewhere) non-violence is the
key. If actually arrested, you can go
limp and be carried, or go peacefully,
but if you resist, if just lays you open to
further charges.
If you are asked to move on, it's
advisable to do so if alone, but when
3,000 don't move it's another story.
Attorney-general Les Peterson said
Tuesday night students who obstruct
highways and customs points in B.C. lay
themselves open to serious criminal
charges.
AMS president Fraser Hodge
commented. "He's full of shit. Peterson
is unfortunately under some terrible
misunderstanding of what is going to
happen. All afternoon I have been
trying to talk to him but he's been
unavailable. We are not laying ourselves
open to serious criminal charges."
As of Tuesday evening, local law
forces had given no indication of
mobilizing, so things look pretty good.
Keep it cool.
The site of the explosion is relatively near a
major earth fault.
The fault is of the slip-slide type, one which lets
off pressure gradually. The test may cause a sudden
release of this pressure, resulting in an earthquake.
"Even the most conservative geophysicists say
there is a possibility of a quake resulting from the
test," Harger said.
"The possibility is very real and the danger of
losing lives is very real."
TIDAL WAVES
He said the resultant tidal waves of such a
quake would probably be similar to those that
devasted Port Alberni and other B.C. coastal
communities following the Good Friday Alaska
earthquake in 1964.
Alma Mater Society president Fraser Hodge
urged all who participate in today's demonstration
at the Blaine border crossing to be non-violent.
Hodge outlined the progam for "operation
Border close". There will be speakers in attendance
at the demonstration and coffee and donuts will be
served
"If there are police there, just watch them and
if there are police dogs there, we will feed them
steaks," he said.
Former AMS president Dave Zirnhelt said he
received the following message from Canadian
external affairs minister Mitchell Sharp:
"I hope the private demonstrations will impress
the American government with the seriousness with
which the Canadian government and people view
the test."
STRONGEST LANGUAGE
Sharp said Prime Minister Trudeau used "the
strongest possible diplomatic language" in
attempting to dissuade the American test.
Ralph Stanton, spokesman for the Campus Left
Action Movement, said the demonstration has full
CLAM support.
"This blast is brought to you by the san.j
bunch of guys that brought you such biggies as tX
ghetto crisis and Vietnam," he said.
Harger said it is ironic that Amchitka w.s
once a wildlife sanctuary.
Signs posted at the entrances to the island said.
"Welcome to Amchitka. Please turn in all firearms
during your stay on the island". vrjfts^.
Page 2
THE     UBYSSEY
Wednesday, October 1,  1969
THEUBYSSEY
Published Tuesdays and Fridays throughout the university year
by the Alma Mater Society of the university of B.C. Editorial
opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS or the
university administration. Member, Canadian University Press.
The Ubyssey subscribes to the press services of Pacific Student
Press, of which it is a founding member. Ubyssey News Service
supports one foreign correspondent in Pango-Pango. The Ubyssey
publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. City
editor, 228-2305; editor, 228-2301; Page Friday, 228-2309;
sports 228-2308; advertising, 228-3977.
OCTOBER 1, 1969
Editor: Michael Finlay
Staff: Paul Knox, Nate Smith, Maurice Bridge, John Twigg, John Gibbs,
Bruce Curtis, Peter Ladner, Jim Davies, Robin Burgess, John Andersen,
Tim Wilson, Sandy Kass, Ginny Gait, Urve Torva, Bruce Stout, Dave Enns,
DaveBowerman, and LesliePlommer.
'Participation is
individual choice
Individual students and profs must decide for themselves if they
will participate in "Operation Borderclose", administration president
Walter Gage said Tuesday night.
Alma Mater Society president Fraser Hodge asked Gage if he
would be willing to cancel all classes this afternoon to allow students
and profs to participate in the demonstration at the Blaine border
crossing.
"He felt he would rather leave it as an individual decision and I
think I would agree with him," Hodge said.
However, Hodge urged all students to participate in the
demonstration whether their classes are cancelled or not. ,
"But those one or two students who don't care how many
bombs fall around their ears can attend classes if they want," Hodge
said
A large number of profs indicated Tuesday they would cancel
classes and participate in the demonstration. Among them were
political science profs Mike Wallace and Heath Chamberlain, physics
prof T. S. Ulrych and genetics prof Dave Suzuki.
"I realize student concern over the matter and understand the
merits of their cause," Gage told The Ubyssey.
However, he added he is in no position to officially commit
himself himself or make recommendations to department heads.
Arts undergraduate society president Dick Betts personally
appealed to arts dean Doug Kenny to cancel all arts classes this
afternoon.
Kenny refused, but said he urges all students and faculty
members to "search their own souls and decide their individual
courses of action."
Administration information director Arnie Myers agreed that
participation in "Operation Borderclose" is a matter of individual
decision.
"It would be impossible to contact 1,500 faculty members and
even more impossible to obtain agreement from all of them to cancel
classes," Myers said.
What blockade?
What does U.S. president Richard Nixon think of the
border closure today and the bomb blast Thursday?
Not many people know. We don't.
The Ubyssey tried to reach Nixon on the phone Tuesday,
but after sifting through the red tape that is the White House
we ended up talking to one Bruce Whelehan, who described
himself as an assistant press secretary to Nixon.
TJjis is what we asked, and what he said:
Ubyssey: This is The Ubyssey newspaper in Vancouver,
B.C., Canada calling. I would like to talk to president Nixon on
the border blockage Wednesday by Canadian students protesting
the bomb tesf Thursday on Amchitka Island.
Whelehan": The President is unavailable for comment. He
said through his press secretary this morning he will have no
comment whatsoever on the bomb test in the Aleutians.
Ubyssey: Where do you suggest I go for official comment?
Whelehan: This office is responsible for presidential
comments. We have had several inquiries from other newspapers
about the test, but all were told no comment.
Ubysseyds your department aware of the student
blockade?
Whelehan: This is the first I have heard of the border
closure. I am sure the president would have no comment on the
border issue.
U.S., Canadian brass
invited to join rally
And then the president of the
Alma Mater Society said to the
governor of Alaska:
"Who should be listened
to-the Dr. Strangeloves of the
Atomic Energy Commission, or
the concerned people of the
world."
AMS president Fraser Hodge
sent a telegram Tuesday to
governor Keith Miller asking him
to protest the U.S. government's
planned nuclear test Thursday on
Amchitka Island in the Aleutians.
The AMS sent similar telegrams
to prime minister Pierre Trudeau,
the members of parliament,
premier W. A. C. Bennett, mayor
Tom Campbell, Vancouver
aldermen and U Thant, secretary
general of the United Nations.
Hodge asked Bennett, the MPs,
Campbell and the aldermen, as
elected    representatives,   to
i enns photo
UBC STUDENTS were informed, encouraged and warned. No
police hassles are expected and everyone concerned should turn
out at the border today.
protest—on behalf of B.C.
citizens —the Canadian
government's apparent lack of
concern for the public and
environment of B.C.
In his telegram to Campbell,
Hodge said the reason for the
student protest is two-fold:
Possible geological and
ecological consequences of this
test haven't been fully explored
and the Canadian government has
not taken "significant diplomatic
steps to halt the U.S. government
from endangering the lives and
livelihoods of British
Columbians."
Campbell and the aldermen
were invited to join the rally.
Trudeau was asked to protest
the planned nuclear detonation to
the U.S. government. Hodge
pledged the "unreserved support"
of B.C. students on this matter.
Thant was urged to consider
the effects on B.C.'s economy if
the salmon schools are poisoned
by radiation.
" A g ains t weight y scient ifie
testimony the American
government seems now to 'be
willing to risk the possible
outcome of earthquakes, tidal
waves, and radiation leakage for
the sake of a test—the purpose of
which they will not divulge,"
Thant was told in the Telegram.
A telegram was  also  sent - to
Nixon informing him that several;
border points would be closed forgone hour today:
'This is not an official step of
either the Canadian or American
governments. It is the action of a
number of very concerned
Canadians.
"It is our way of telling you
and all Americans that we are
intensely opposed to the
explosion of that nuclear device.
"You sir have a grave
responsibility in this matter. We
respectfully urge you on behalf of
the people of British Columbia
and the citizens of Canada to halt
your present plan to detonate a
nuclear bomb in the Aleutian
Islands, the effects of which may
well be detrimental to our
country and to others."
Bomb protest spreads across nation
The anti-bomb demonstration
has mushroomed into a
nationwide protest as support
continues to pour in from
across Canada.
University of Victoria students
will picket the ferry terminal and
the airport while Victoria high
school students will march outside
the legislature.
Students at the University of
Saskatchewan's Regina campus
will be picketing roads leading
south to the border as will
students at the University of
Manitoba and Lakehead
University at Thunder Bay in
Ontario.
Students at Brock, McMaster
and the University of Windsor will
be picketing border crossings
between Windsor and Detroit.
The University of Guelph and
York University will be picketing
the U.S. consulate in Toronto.
Students from the University
of Guelph and York University
will be picketing the U.S.
consulate in Toronto.
Carleton University students
will picket the American embassy
in Ottawa.
In Montreal, McGill and Sir
George Williams students will seal
border crossings while in Halifax,
Mount St. Vincent students will
picket the airport.
Letters of support have been
received from Mount Allison,.
Moncton and New Brunswick
universities as well as the
University of Lethbridge in
Alberta.
Major universities still to be
heard from at press time include
the University of Toronto and the
University of Montreal.
RCMP not coming
If you're taking your football helmet and baseball bat to the
demonstration to fight off hordes of RCMP officers in arresting
formation, forget it. '
The RCMP aren't even planning to be there. f
"Our information is that it is an orderly demonstration. As far
as we're concerned we're not going to be involved in any way we
know of," a spokesman for the Surrey-Cloverdale RCMP detachment
said Tuesday.
Alma Mater Society president Fraser Hodge contacted the
mounted men Monday night. "I told them our intent is to stop people
and talk to them," Hodge explained.
"The only trouble is going to come if some guy gets really irate
because he can't get through the crossing. If this happens, we'll just let
him through or direct him around to the alternate crossing two miles
east of Blaine."

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