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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 22, 1977

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Array Student challenges Admin's parking fines
The UBC administration has no
right to collect parking fines or
towing charges, law student Ian
Tod said Monday.
Tod, law 2, said the Universities
Act allows the board of governors
to regulate traffic on campus but
not to levy fines. The act gives the
board the power to move cars
which are impeding traffic but not
cars parked beside yellow curbs or
in the wrong parking lot.
Tod is building a moot court case
based on his interpretation of the
act and is seeking the support of
the Alma Mater Society. If the case
succeeds the administration would
have to return all fines and towing
charges ever collected, he said.
Tod's Toyota was towed away
Nov. 17 from beside a yellow curb.
He saidhepaid a $17 towing charge
the next day, after he calmed
He said he wanted to charge the
administration with theft, but
decided not to because if he lost the
judge would likely have ordered
him to pay the cost of the administration's lawyers.
"The Alma Mater Society is
definitely interested in it," student
board member Moe Sihota said.
"If preliminary indications show a
good chance we'll be able to stop
the administration from towing
cars and fining people I'm sure the
AMS will wholeheartedly support
any type of legal action that's
necessary," Sihota said.
And Sihota said he will bring the
matter of the increase in the
number of towaways on campus
this year to the board property
committee. Sihota said it has
always been assumed that the
board has the right to tow cars and
levy fines.
UBC traffic and parking
superintendent Dave Hannah has
said 860 cars were towed away
from Aug. 1,1976 to Jan. 1,1977, up
from 142 the previous year. Cars
are towed after the third parking
violation and owners must pay a
$17 towing charge plus accumulated fines of $5 each.
Tod said he could not find a
recorded legal case about the
board's right to tow cars or to fine
Vol. LIX, No. 63 VANCOUVER, B.C., TUESDAY, MARCH 22, 1977
their owners. But Tod added not all
cases are recorded.
Tod said he was advised by
David Mossop of the Vancouver
Community Legal Aid Association
that the best challenge would be to
the parking fines at UBC, rather
than to the right to tow cars and
charge for towing.
"It's clear that unless there's
statutory authority (from the
Universities Act) the university
can't levy fines," Tod said. "The
university is in no different
position than any landowner."
The administration does not get
the authority from the act to levy
fines and there is no other
authority, Tod said. For the administration to fine a car owner at
UBC is the same as fining someone
See page 2: FINE
AUCE mulls
strike vote
UBC's 1,200 library and clerical
workers will decide at a meeting
April 14 whether to hold a strike
vote, union vice-president Pat
Gibson said Monday.
Members of the Association of
University and College Employees, local 1, will meet in their
10 division groups this week to
formulate opinions for the
meeting, Gibson said.
And AUCE spokeswoman
Fairleigh Funston said union strike
action would have the greatest
effect during exams.
The strike vote proposal comes
in the wake of an administration
offer of wage increases of $42 and
$32 a month in a two-year contract,
which AUCE spokesman Jeff
Hoskins said would lower most
members' wages by $8 a month.
Hoskins said Thursday's offer is
the first mention the administration has made of the
possibility of a two-year, rather
than a one-year contract. He said
the administration wants a two-
year contract because it thinks
federal wage and price controls
will be discontinued soon.
AUCE has been without a contract since Sept. 30. Contract talks
are continuing with provincial
mediator Jock Waterston after the
union called for mediation in
The union wants a minimum
increase of $223 a month across the
board to achieve parity with UBC's
food service and physical plant
workers. AUCE claims its
members are discriminated
against by the administration
because more than 90 per cent of
its members are female.
The administration's offer of a
$42 increase is less than the offer it
made in October of a six per cent
increase in total benefits, Hoskins
said. The administration does not
want to offer any increased
benefits other than wages, he said.
A wage increase of $42 a month is
an increase of 5.8 per cent for the
lowest paid AUCE members, who
currently earn $728 a month. The
wage increase of $32 a month in the
second year of the contract offer
End is near
This is the third last Ubyssey of
the year.
Only Friday's issue and the April
1 edition remain in our 59th year of
The gala April 1 issue will be the
usual superb Ubyssey goon issue,
containing a parody of a
publication known and loved by all.
Advertising deadline for
Friday's issue is 1:30 p.m. Wednesday; deadline for letters and
'Tween classes is noon Thursday.
Advertising deadline for the final
issue is 1:30 p.m., March 30;
'Tweens and letters deadline is
noon, March 31.
would increase the base rate by
4.16 per cent.
The highest paid union members
would receive pay increases of 3.05
per cent in the first year and 2.26
per cent in the second year.
Hoskins said a $42 wage increase
across the board would actually
decrease most wages by $8 a
month because members' wages
were decreased $50 a month by the
Anti-Inflation Board.
In December the AIB rolled back
the wage increase gained in last
year's contract to 15 per cent from
19 per cent and ruled that AUCe
members must pay back the excess four per cent.
Hoskins said the rollback accounts for $32 a month in reduced
wages and the average wage
payback is $18 a month over a
maximum payback period of two
In December 1975, the UBC local
of AU£E held a strike to protest
administration tactics in last
year's contract talks.
Funston said AUCE will inform
the public about reasons for
striking if the union does decide to
walk out. She said the union will
talk to students and leaflet them if
strike action is taken.
"We definitely plan to forewarn
people," she said.
Hoskins said the administration
has withdrawn a proposal that one
week be the maximum time in
which to initiate a grievance. The
union claimed such a time limit
would eliminate the possibility of
many grievances. It also claimed
the administration is trying to
destroy the grievance procedure.
But Hoskins said the administration is trying to impose
other grievance time limits which
would protract grievance
-matt king photo
LEGAL BEAGLES play Evel Knievel in law students association tricycle race Friday in front of law building.
Alberta team seen here lost to law fraternity team after frat rats entered stay of proceedings on their trike.
'War the next step in South Africa'
War is the only solution left for
the South African crisis, two South
African speakers said Friday.
Kate Molale, an African National
Congress worker, and Mpho Thoa-
bala, a 16-year-old Soweto student
arrested after last year's riots
there, said 65 years of negotiation
has failed and armed struggle is
The failure of negotiations and
atrocities such as the Soweto riots
have not broken South African
blacks' determination to gain
equality, Thoabala said.
But the record has taught them
that "we cannot fight the regime
with sticks and stones," she said.
"We are determined to fight for
our people. The only way is
through our        liberation
movement. .. The only alternative
(to negotiations) is for us black
people tohave an armed struggle."
Molale said Canada's relations
with South Africa reinforces the
current regime, and Canadians
should help the liberation
movement by boycotting South
African goods.
She said Canadians should urge
Ottawa to break relations with
South Africa.
"The Canadian government
continues to condemn apartheid in
the United Nations and has said
apartheid is a crime against
humanity. The UN has called for
an embargo against South Africa
but Canada is one of the countries
which has not done so," Molale
"We see Canadian banks operate
in South Africa, we see them giving
aid to South Africa. . . . Canada
continues to maintain the system
of apartheid, continues to support
this system.
"We can't be liberated through
boycotts but boycotts also have a
role to play in our struggle."
She said a boycott would not hurt
the blacks, as .boycott opponents
have suggested, because blacks
receive little benefit from their
work. The ruling white minority
would be hurt most by boycotts
because it profits from overseas
"We can't understand when you
say a boycott would hit blacks
because blacks already are hit and
it's blacks urging, asking for a boycott," Molale said.
Thoabala said she was arrested
after the Soweto riots and held six
weeks in jail incommunicado
before being released on bail. She
immediately fled the country.
During those six weeks she was
continually tortured, she said. Her
head was pushed inside toilet
basins, she was hung from rafters,
beaten on the genitals, confined to
highly heated rooms, given electric
shocks, deprived of toilet facilities,
forcefully kept awake and interrogated, had her hair pulled and
was threatened with being thrown
from a window and killed.
"My refusing to be an informer,
my refusal to accept the charges
before me and also refusing to be a
state witness (against others
charged with inciting the Soweto
riots) resulted in the aforementioned tortures, and I wasn't
the only one," Thoabala said.
Molale said the African National
Congress, a South African black
nationalist organization outlawed
by the South African government
in 1961, has been trying through negotiations to achieve majority rule
since its establishment in 1912, but
not even the UN has helped.
Molale and Thoabala are on a
speaking tour and were sponsored
by   the   Alma   Mater   Society. Page 2
Fine return possible
Tuesday, March 22, 1977
From page 1
for parking in your driveway, he
Section 28 of the act says, "the
management, administration and
control of the affairs of the
university are vested in the
board." It says the board has
power "to control vehicle and
pedestrian traffic" on campus, and
"to do and to perform all other
matters and things which may be
necessary and advisable for
carrying out the purposes of the
But Tod said the act does not
mention the power to tow cars or to
levy fines. And he said other acts
legislated before the Universities
Act list provisions for impounding
vehicles and recovering the expenses from the owner. They are
the Vancouver Charter, the Motor
Vehicle Act and the Municipal Act.
Tod said the legislation would
have included such provision if
that was. its intention.
He said the Motor Vehicle Act
gives the administration the right
to tow away cars and charge for
towing expense if a non-resident's
car has been parked for 72 hours.
"In most cases the cars aren't
parked for 72 hours and therefore
the Motor Vehicle Act doesn't give
them any specific power," he
Tod said the administration may
be legally able to tow the cars, but
not to demand fines before
releasing the cars to the owners.
He said the AMS can take a legal
action to the supreme court to try
to get an injunction against
charging fines. He said this would
force the administration to return
all the fines it has ever charged.
Tod said another possibility is to
hold a clinic of all those who have
had their cars towed and launch
900 small claims actions. Tod said
one case could be taken to a full
trial in the supreme court and its
outcome would decide the rest of
the small claims.
But he said a cheap way of
testing the administration's power
to charge owners would be to make
a chambers application in supreme
court under the Judicial Review
Procedure Act. Tod said this is a
review by court of whether the
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administration has the authority to
retain cars after the owner has
demanded its return.
He said if the court rules against
the administration, the next
towaway victim can charge the
administration with theft. Tod said
the administration can now claim
"color of right" to tow the cars,
which means it believes it is right.
Call 228-9512/9513
{§ 4510 W. 10th Ave., Open 7 Days a Week 4 p.m. - 2 a.m.
Henneken Auto
8914 Oak St. (Oak & Marine) 263-8121
Thursday - March 24
sub 207
somewhere to go
after class
after the show
... after anything!
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— 731-8522 —
Open Early and Late Every Day
at A.M.S.  Business Office, Room 266, S.U.B. until
4:00 p.m. March 25th, 1977.
Applications available at S.U.B. 246 & 266.
A Spiritual Re-creation through song and experience of
the Greatest Event in Jewish History/
Saturday Night April 2
Sunday Night April 3
497 W. 39th Ave.   Telephone 324-2400
Call for reservations — everyone is welcome to attend.
Bring a friend!
SO DO WE . . .
Our new VIBRA-STEAMER PROCESS allows us to give you
3506 W 41st ST. - 263-5919
in the Econo Service Station 41st and Collingwood
A. Geoffrey Woodhead
Prof. Woodhead is a notable authority on Greek history and epigraphy and author of several books
on these subjects. He is a Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, and Adjunct Professor of
Classics at Ohio State University. As part of his lectures, he will analyze government with special
reference to the Athenian, the first, democracy.
Thursday, March 24       In Room 104, Buchanan Building, at 12:30 p.m.
sponsored by
The Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professorship Fund Tuesday, March 22,  1977
Page 3
CUP papers okay expansion
Members of Canadian University Press agreed Sunday to
establish four full-time regional
bureaus around Canada as part of
the second stage of an expansion
program of CUP's national news
More than 40 student newspapers
voted at Ottawa's Carleton
University to establish bureaus in
Vancouver, Halifax, Montreal and
in the prairies, and also to hire a
business manager to manage
CUP's financial affairs.
The meeting, called CUP 39.5,
was convened because the 39th
annual conference of CUP, held in
Vancouver in December, ended in
deadlock over the expansion issue.
More than 100 delegates attended
CUP 39.5, including three from The
Delegates approved a record
budget of $188,900, up 70 per cent
from last year's, to finance expansion, x
A regional bureau has already
been established in Montreal and
B.C. has had a part-time bureau
since last fall. The bureaus, which
operate through telex and
telephone, move news much faster
than the mail service currently in
use and help insure better
coverage of news.
An Ontario regional bureau was
rejected because Ontario student
papers do not want one at present,
and a proposal for a Quebec special
affairs reporter was defeated in a
tie vote.
CUP's Quebec member papers
requested the reporter, who was to
be posted in Quebec City, to cover
the Parti Quebecois government's
fight for Quebec's independence
from Canada.
Delegates also voted to instruct
CUP's national affairs reporter,
who is based in Ottawa, to report
on development in Quebec. Applicants for the position must be
The positions of national affairs
reporter and educational affairs
reporter, which were added to
CUP's national office staff as part
of the expansion, were reconfirmed as part of next year's staff.
Ubyssey co-editor Sue Vohanka
was elected to the educational
affairs position at CUP 39.
The educational affairs reporter
is also CUP vice-president.
Ontario and prairie papers,
which feared the cost would be too
high, opposed the proposed expansion program at CUP 39.
Prairie papers changed their
position at a western regional
meeting in February because they
will be able to set priorities for
their new bureau.
A consulting committee composed of members from all of
CUP's four regions was
established to hire people for staff
positions which become vacant
mid-way through the year. The
four-member committee is also
responsible for drawing up a job
description for business manager
and with hiring a business
This position was given top
priority because many members
believe a business manager will
operate CUP's financial affairs
more efficiently and will find ways
to save money.
A great deal of time was given to
discussion of the status of the Free
Chevron, which has been published
weekly since the University of
Waterloo student federation shut
down The Chevron, the university's student newspaper, last
Free Chevron staffers have
demanded full reinstatement of
two staffers who were fired before
the closure, full benefits for
staffers for the period since the
closure and an investigation into
the dispute.
The CUP executive called for an
investigation into the bitter
dispute, which has rocked the
Waterloo campus. The Free
Chevron opposed such an investigation.
Delegates rejected a resolution
supporting The Free Chevron's
reinstate-investigate demand, but
decided to send a three-member
fact-finding team to write a feature
on the dispute.
The decision came after The
Ubyssey moved that another investigation commission be formed,
a move which The Free Chevron
staff also opposed.
Delegates also called for Youth-
stream, a national student newspaper advertising network, to put
advertising in The Free Chevron as
soon as possible. The paper has not
received Youthstream advertising
because of contractual obligations
with the Waterloo student
Parking at UBC
will cost more
—matt king photo
OBLIVION APPROACHES for two women headed for collision on University Boulevard in front of
Chemistry building. Pair were too busy watching puddles of miserable wet substance, to be aware of
impending disaster.
UBC parking rates will increase
this fall.
University spokesman Al Hunter
said Monday the recommendation,
made by the president's advisory
committee on traffic and parking,
will go into effect in September.
He said rates for preferred
parking lots — those lots closest to
the centre of campus — will increase to $26.50 from $20 for a year.
Only graduate students, or those
entering fourth year can apply for
space in these lots, said Hunter.
Hunter said general student
parking in B-lot will rise to $8 from
Although preferred parking
space is limited, passes for general
student parking will be available
throughout the year, he said.
Faculty and staff parking rates
will increase to $40 from $30 next
year, and faculty and staff motorcyclists wili be paying $10 instead
of $7.50.
Student motorcyclists will pay $4
instead of $3 for their parking
BCSF continues to fight fee increases
The B.C. Students' Federation
will lobby the provincial
legislature to protest tuition fee
increases, organizer Lake Sagaris
said Monday.
Lobby organizers met Monday to
discuss methods to fight against
tuition fee increases before the
education budget comes up for
review at the end of the month.
The organizers, who represent
most B.C. universities and
colleges, are considering lobbying
party caucuses and individual
MLAs, and starting a letter and
telegram campaign.
The BCSF executive is also
seeking a meeting with Premier
Bennett to discuss the tuition fee
According to Sagaris the aim of
the lobbying is to continue the
campaign against the increases
but in a concentrated, selective
"Realistically we're trying to
continue our momentum during
exams," she said.
Sagaris also said she is
organizing a campaign to enlist
support from other areas.
"We're planning to approach
community groups," she said.
She added that she is currently
compiling lists of target
organizations, including union,
parent-teacher associations,
school boards and women's
Paul Sandhu, Alma Mater
Society external affairs officer,
said Monday the AMS will meet
with the Universities Council of
B.C. to ask for an additional $2.5
million for the university.
The money would be used to
cover increased costs which would
otherwise be covered by increased
tuition fees.
According to Sandhu, the AMS
will make a presentation Thursday
dealing with students' current
financial situation.
He urged students to come to the
council meeting to impress the
council members
Sandhu said the AMS has lobbied
the legislature and is currently
joining forces with BCSF.
He said the AMS found the NDP
MLAs sympathetic to the students'
Sandhu said education minister
Pat McGeer will probably propose
more student aid, with the NDP
proposing further moves in the
students' interests.
'Floating keys' lead to rip-off
Equipment worth $1,000 was
stolen from campus radio station
CITR some time between March 10
and March 12.
The equipment, an amplifier and
a strobe light, were both used in the
station's Saturday disco
Disco manager Ralph Bedford
said Monday the amplifier was
insured and the station has spent
$770 to replace it. The strobe light,
worth $180 was not insured and
there are no plans to replace it.
CITR production manager Doug
Morris said the staff discovered
the theft March 12 when they attempted to set up the Saturday
disco in the Pit. The equipment
was last seen at about midnight
March 11.
The locks to the station's doors
have since been changed because,
according to Morris, "there are
keys floating around."
When asked whether the
equipment is marked for identification, CITR's chief engineer
Darrell Noates said it is not but
there are serial numbers on file.
He also said the RCMP has told
the station that if the equipment is
found anywhere in North America
it could be traced with the serial
Although staff members claimed
that the theft had been reported to
RCMP Corporal Dave Patterson of
the university detachment, Patterson said that the RCMP has no
record of the complaint.
Hunter said parking under the
music building will increase to $143
from $133 next year.
And parking at the Acadia and
Gage residences will cost $10 a
year instead of $7.50.
Women pay
end fight
Thirty UBC sorority members
have given up their fight against
parking fines incurred on Marine
Drive in February.
Group spokeswoman Caroline
Geeshon said Friday the women
parked illegally on Marine because
they feared sexual attacks if they
parked any further from their
meeting place in Pan-Hellenic
Many of the women are still
afraid to walk through the dark,
wooded area surrounding the
building but have decided it is
futile to refuse to pay the fines,
Geeshon said.
"We really don't know where to
go from here," she said. "The
chances of being attacked there
are quite good."
Geeshon said the university and
University Endowment Lands
administrations have refused to
take action to solve the women's
UEL manager Bob Murdoch said
Friday the UEL will create a few
parking spaces on Marine near
Pan-Hellenic House, but the spaces
are not only for the sorority
"We will not treat them as a
special group," he said.
"They are beating the drum
pretty good but they will not face
any different problem than 10,000
other girls face at UBC."
Geeshon said about 160 sorority
members come to campus each
week in about 100 cars and most
havetoparkin a faculty visitors lot
or the Museum of Anthropology lot.
She said the group wants permission either to park on Marine or
to park for free in the museum lot.
Fears about safety in the area
first arose when a sorority
member was attacked at knifepoint in 1975. Page 4
Tuesday, March 22, 1977
Canada aids
South African
racist state
Canadians are generally a smug bunch. Lester Pearson
made us think we are wonderful do-gooders, the global Boy
Scouts. Maybe It Can Happen Here, but it sure ain't our
The Canadian government, like any government, has
always cultivated an image at home of being basically good
and respected abroad, and consequently Canadians tend to
think Canada has a pretty good international reputation.
In fact, Canada is one of the most consistently,
outrageously right-wing governments in the world, the
staunchest allies of such states as the U.S., Brazil, Chile (only
since 1973), Rhodesia and — well, South Africa.
South Africa is beyond any doubt one of the most
vicious, stupid, reactionary states on earth. How is it that the
Canadian government on the one hand condemns South
African policies in the United Nations, and one the other
quietly maintains trade and diplomatic relations with South
Could it be that Canada is less concerned with the fate
of South Africans than with the money to be made dealing
with South Africa's racist government?
Clearly, Ottawa does reflect the attitude of the
Canadian public when it deals with — and consequently
reinforces — the racist, fascist white minority government of
South Africa. But a general apathy and lack of interest has
allowed the Liberals to get away with it.
But there is something Canadians can do to express their
opposition to the Canadian and South African governments,
and to express their support for South African blacks. A
boycott of South African goods would achieve such a
A boycott wouldn't affect any one person's buying
habits very much in the long run. But the odd bottle of wine
here, the diamond ring there, adds up. South Africa would
eventually notice that their sales in Canada are dropping off,
and South African businesses would be hurt.
Blacks wouldn't. The standard of living for white South
Africans is very comfortable and has been steadily improving
over the decades. The standard of living for blacks is low and
has not been improving. Thus, the white minority's wealth —
and strength — would dwindle.
' The Canadian government, too, would notice that South
African goods aren't selling so well. It would indicate to them
that either they ain't making them like they used to in South
Africa, or that Canadians are for one reason or another
boycotting South African goods. One hopes they would
conclude the latter, and break off relations with
Johannesburg, just in case South Africa becomes an issue
during the next election campaign.
And if the government doesn't act before the next
election, it is up to the voters to make South Africa an issue.
Find out where the parties and candidates stand on the issue;
ask questions at all-candidates' meetings, on radio talk shows.
And vote for parties and candidates opposed to any links
with South Africa, against parties and candidates who try and
rationalize and excuse Canada's support of the minority
What you do does effect what happens to black South
Africans. There are no sidelines in issues like this. You are
either helping support the minority regime, or by your
actions you are trying to topple it.
MARCH 22, 1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Sue Vohanka, Ralph Maurer
Drooling at the prospect of a shut-down campus, and cheered by the
impending ruling about free-for-all parking at UBC, the staff laid Its plans
carefully. Marcus Gee put his finely-crafted ten-speed In his favorite spot,
chained to the burro's telex. Chris Gainor parked his Metropolitan Mush
safely In the faculty club lot. Colleen Eros drove her Studle Lark into the
Angus lobby, and Tom Barnes slid his car Into Thunderbird rink number 1.
He got free towing. Matt King pushed his Humber Supersnlpe into
Buchanan lounge where he found Ralph Maurer's buzzbomb nestling up to
the coffee counter. I don't know where Kathy Ford was. Will Wheeler
rolled his wheels over from pfage pfrldday, joined by Verne Mcdonald and
Dave Hancock. Paul Wilson drop-kicked his trusty.Frank Kuerbis' mongrel
broke down, causing confusion on the road. Then they all remembered
UBC was encircled by picket lines and wondered how to get to the library
to start those papers.
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Scifi article writer generalizes
The world would undoubtedly be
a better place without Ralph
On many occasions throughout
the year,  articles   have   been
Thank you, Linda Cameron, for
your comments (We're interesting,
Letters, Thursday).
In taking the time and showing
the interest to come to the widely
publicized general meeting of the
science undergraduate society,
you've started to open your eyes.
The interest and enthusiasm shown
by you and the 80 or so others who
attended gratified the executive of
your society.
Your executive wants to get the
SUS back on its feet again. It wants
to arrange talks, shows, films, a
common ground for meeting, and
much more! But it can't do this
alone. It must have your collective
Eight-five people will give us a
start, but many more will be
To you, Linda Cameron, we
publically extend our most sincere apologies for having been so
fowl as to offend you with our
"turkey" advertisement. In fact,
we will happily apologize to anyone
who takes the time to seek us out
and take an interest in what is
As to the 3,000 or so who did not
respond to our "turkey" or other
ads, well. . . .
Ernie Kenward
SUS public relations officer
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be signed and
typed. Pen names will be used
when the writer's real name is also
included for our information in the
letter and when valid reasons for
anonymity are given.
Letters should be addressed to
the paper care of campus mail or
dropped off at The Ubyssey office,
SUB 241K.
printed in The Ubyssey that are
90% bullshit, but this one really
gets my ass.
If we are going to make sweeping
generalizations why not say,
"Philosophy is trash!" Why not
take poetry and feed it to the birds!
Such statements, almost entirely
unsupported, are obviously the
work of a narrowminded person (?)
So it goes with Maurer's article.
As with any form of literature,
there is the good with the bad. One
could just as easily claim that all
mysteries are shit by taking
examples from True Detective. We
could say that romantic novels are
all crap after reading several
Harlequin Romances.
If Maurer took the time (and
displayed that rare skill of letting
his mind accept new ideas) he
might realize that there is a very
large number of novels and short
stories of first rate calibre that
have bearing upon today-, not
planet Zeta in the year 6690 New
Of course this requires some
mental capacity.
Tim Koss
Mike Everatt
science 1
Let's turn back the clock
We would like to commend your
staff for its good taste in the March
15 paper. We are referring, of
course, to that logo run on page 3, a
logo clean inline, obviously crafted
from hot metal, which could prove
to be an excellent replacement for
that current afterbirth which
adorns the front page.
The logo on page 3 was proof of
what we've said all along: If the
members of the Ubyssey staff put
their minds to it, they could, like
the proverbial monkeys, come up
The big times
My heartiest congratulations to
Mr. Gainor!
The mighty Ubyssey needs a
man of dimension and intestinal
fortitude such as he to guard the
Gates of Truth.
And to outgoing reichsbureau-
crat Herr Maurer and doe-eyed
beauty Sue Vohanka, the best of
luck in your future careers. The
Amchitka News-Herald will be
gaining a valuable pair of assets.
And if they need a cartoonist up
there, do me a favor and lose my
Dave Wilkinson
cartoonist extraordinaire and
bon vivant
arts 4
with something different from that
computer-speak thing on page 1.
Good show, gang, and thanks for
Tuesday's surprise. We can hardly
wait for the new logo's appearance
on page 1.
Vaughn Palmer
Mike Sasges
and, by proxy, we trust,
several dozen other old hacks,
but not Gary Coull
Fate sealed?
Dear white mother seals: This is
a futuristic letter addressed to you.
We regret to inform you that all
your baby seal pups have been
clubbed and stabbed to death.
Please understand, we had to keep
the Newfoundland fishermen
employed. It seems the furs were
indispensible, despite the fact that
a synthetic fur industry could have
been set up.
The extinction of your children
was the result of humans who
thought you had no feelings (they
ignored your mournful cries).
Please don't get upset, as a
minority you just didn't have a
chance against Ottawa.
We also sent a sympathy letter to
your water relatives, the great
blue whale. He is extinct too.
C. N.Bethune
education 2 Tuesday, March 22, 1977
Page 5
Laxer talks about oil industry
Canadian University Press
Remember when a gallon of gas was 39
cents? Or 69 cents?
Jim Laxer, chairperson of Ontario's
Atkinson College political science department and past leader of the waffle group of
the NDP, published a study last year of
Imperial Oil and the Canadian oil industry
called The Big Tough Expensive Job.
In his study, Laxer examines the behind-
the-scenes dealings of the oil industry in this
country to see just where all the money is
Pamela Courtot of The Excalibur, the
student newspaper at York University,
interviewed Laxer and asked him about the
state of the oil industry and Canadian
energy policies.
CUP: In 1973 the federal government
reported that enough fossil fuel existed in
Canada to meet Canadian needs and keep
Rallies only first step
in tuition/cutbacks fight
Well, we've had our on-campus rally and
we've had our provincial rallies so that's it
for the tuition/cutbacks activities for this
year, right?
And the rallies didn't work (tuition went
up anyway didn't it?) so there's no point in
trying anymore, is there?
Besides, exams are coming up and we've
all got last minute papers to finish and that's
more important, right?
Some of those all important classes may
be missing from next year's calendar due to
And some of you all-important students
may be missing too, due to tuition increases
and a job market that threatens to be worse
than last year's 25 per cent unemployment
These are the problems we face. What are
some of the solutions? What was the point of
the two rallies earlier this month anyway?
The reason is simple: to stop tuition increases, (and budget cutbacks) universities
and colleges need increased operating funds
to help them maintain current programs
and services and improve and expand their
Where does the money come from? The
provincial government.
The structure we're working on is shaped
like this:
People of B.C.
The government
Universities Council
Boards of governors and
college councils
As you can see, if students don't act
they're liable to get squished — which is
where the tuition campaign comes in.
Sagaris, arts 4, is a former chairwoman of
B.C. Students' Federation. She helped
organize the March I and 10 rallies and
November's National Student Day.
You see, we had a rally to start
organizing, to focus public opinion on the
dual problems of cutbacks and tuition increases and to create an awareness among
students themselves of the complexity of the
issues at hand.
We didn't expect the board of governors or
the provincial government to hand over the
money after the first battle.
We did expect to generate some
awareness, particularly around the issues of
accessibility to, and quality of, post-
secondary education, and the secretive
nature of education policy making in
Well, to a certain extent we were successful.
About 1,200 UBC students and 1,000 Lower
Mainland students found out enough to
become angry enough to march against
tuition increases on March 1 and March 10.
But the fight doesn't end there. And this is
where this article really begins.
When we were out leafletting and
postering a lot of you told rally organizers
(like me) that "a rally's no good. It won't do
You're right. A rally alone won't accomplish beans all.
But a rally is only the first step and it's
time we moved on.
The next step?
Well, exams are coming up and students
aren't going to have as much time to put in
to organizing. And mass mobilizations (if
you can call them that) aren't the only way
to change something anyway.
So we moved on: to a provincial lobbying
campaign and a widespread campaign for
soliciting community support.
Referring back to that lovely little
diagram, you'll see that above the government I put the people of B.C.
That's your parents, friends, relatives,
future co-workers, teachers, fellow
students, the person behind you in the UIC
line, etcetera.
Because if we do a good job — if we run a
successful campaign against increases —
they're the ones who are going to decide if
tuition goes up.
Somebody has to organize among students
and the community to build that kind of
pressure and the kind of support we'll need
to successfully oppose tuition fees in September.
It's not going to take much work between
now and exams. It means attending a few
meetings of the Alma Mater Society external affairs committee (the first one is
noon Friday in SUB 230); making a few
presentations to local schoolboards, etcetera; putting out a regular one-page
bulletin so students know what's happening.
That's what a tuition/cutbacks campaign
is. And that's one of the ways students can
have an effect on education policies.
exports at the then current rate. Now they
tell us that we only have enough fuel for 15 or
20 years. Where did they get their figures
and how did such an enormous overestima-
tion occur?
Laxer: Well, the basic source of information for the oil industry in Canada in
terms of the amount of production that the
government estimates is possible comes
from the petroleum industry in this country.
When it comes down to making specific
forecasts of how much oil and gas can be
produced this year, next year, or over the
next 10 or 15 years, the only organization
that has the capacity to do that is the major
petroleum companies that do the exploration. It was on the basis of their
estimates in 1973 that the government came
out with its optimistic forecast and its
energy report in June, 1973.
What they predicted was that between
that time and the end of the century this
country could increase its production of
petroleum from just under two million
barrels of oil a day and that Canada would
have a surplus of oil down to the middle of
the next century.
The 1976 energy report also based on the
estimates of the major petroleum companies in Canada showed a decline of 60 per
cent in the estimated reserves that this
country has and estimated that by the
beginning of the 1980s we would be running
into serious difficulties with oil supply, not
only for the part of the country that imports
oil now but also for the part of the country
that uses Canadian oil. In other words, our
80-year surplus turned into something like a
seven- or eight-year surplus in a space of
two and a half years.
CUP: Which companies play the major
role in the oil industry in Canada and in
giving the government these figures?
Laxer: It's the major integrated foreign-
owned petroleum companies, the biggest of
which is Imperial Oil.
Canadian? Ha!
CUP: Imperial likes to say that they are a
Canadian company. Is this so? Do you have
some idea of exactly where profits do end
Laxer: Well, Imperial Oil is in fact 69 per
cent owned by one shareholder and that
shareholder is Exxon Corporation in New
York. The company has very little capacity
to make decisions in Canada. The president
of the company, Jack Armstrong, who is a
Canadian from Dauphin, Man., was
testifying before the royal commission on
corporate concentration last year and he
said that Imperial Oil can only change its
budget by $5 million without getting in touch
with head office in New York to approve the
change. When you consider the fact that the
revenues of the company are now in the
order of $4 billion one can see how
thoroughly unimportant a $5 million change
in the budget would actually make.
Something like $100 million goes out in
dividends to the shareholders and of course
since 69 per cent of those dividends go to the
major shareholders it means something like
$60 or $70 million a year ends up going
directly to Exxon corporation in the form of
profits sent out of the country.
30% of nothing
CUP: Now as far as the big major
projects, the Syncrude project and the
Mackenzie Valley pipeline proposal, are the
companies going to make more profits on
these large ventures?
Laxer: Yes. In the case of Syncrude they
are going to make a huge profit because
they are partners of the federal government, the Alberta government and the
Ontario government and they have won
some very important concessions. Syncrude
is going to come on stream at the world
price which means that the Syncrude
product will go on the market at a price of
something like $13 to $14 a barrel which is
more than any other source of petroleum in
And in addition to that there are very real
tax incentives for Imperial Oil to put its
money into Syncrude. For every dollar that
Imperial invests in Syncrude they get to
write off $1.33. Or to put it another way, if
they invest $3 they get to write off $4 and
because of the rate of corporate tax in this
country it means that when they invest $1 in
Syncrude it only costs the company 39 cents.
The other 61 cents is in effect a public investment.
CUP: So that, in fact that technology
which is developed in Canada and as you
said is 61 per cent paid for by the Canadian
taxpayer becomes the property of an
American company.
Laxer: Yes. The government has put up
something like 30 per cent of all the working
capital into Syncrude and 30 per cent of the
investment and in turn for that of course
they make 30 per cent of the profits. But
there is a hitch to that, and the hitch came
from the first president of Syncrude who
was a man named Spraggens.
Syncrude is a joint venture on behalf of
three major foreign-owned petroleum
companies and they are the majority
shareholders, not the governments. As a
result they are interested primarily in the
arrangement under which Syncrude sells its
oil to the participating companies. They
don't care whether Syncrude makes a high
profit or not. They want Syncrude to sell oil
to them at such a rate that they will make a
profit. This means that the governments are
not likely to make much of a profit because
there is not much incentive for the partners
to show their profit through Syncrude itself
but rather to declare those profits through
City Service and Gulf Imperial which are
the partners.
CUP: The oil companies claim that they
only make one cent on every gallon of gas
that is sold at the retail level.
Laxer: That's right, but that one cent
figure refers only to the refining and
marketing of petroleum products; it has
nothing todo with the sale of crude oil. If you
read the fine print in those ads like the
Maclean's magazine ads of Imperial Oil
which say that they make less than their
cent a gallon, they say in the ad itself that
Imperial has other sources of profit through
the sale of gas and oil. The interesting thing
is that if you look at breakdowns of where
the company makes its profit it's through
the sale of crude oil and natural gas.
CUP: The companies also claim that
increases are essential to speed up exploration for the benefit of Canadians. Over
the last few years profits have greatly increased. What kind of extra expenditures
have been made for exploration?
Laxer: If you look at the five integrated
companies together the figure I have for
1972-1975 is that their profits were up 90 per
cent over-all and that their exploration
expenditures were up 45 per cent. Imperial's
profits were up 65 per cent $150 million to
$250 million a year and during that period
they didn't increase their exploration expenditures at all. The exploration expenditure in the first year was $74 million and the
same in 1975 so there was no increase.
Petrocan is pr
CUP: How is Petrocan going to be able to
compete or play a role in oil and gas
development in this country, when the field
is dominated by giant corporations?
Laxer: Petrocan under the legislation can
operate in all areas of the petroleum industry. It has under the legislation the capacity to do research and development to do
exploration, to do drilling and lifting and
production and sale and marketing of petroleum products. What the company appears to be likely to do is to take part in
rather difficult and marginal exploration
activities which will be of benefit to the
private sector. Petrocan has made it quite
clear that it doesn't see its relationship to
the rest of the industry as being anything but
that of a kind of helping hand from the
CUP: Would you think it fair to say that
the government set up Petrocan as a means
of stifling criticism levelled against the
Laxer: Yes. There is no doubt about that.
Petrocan was set up because there is a very
large amount of resentment against the
petroleum industry in this country. There
was a Gallup poll taken just over a year ago
that showed the majority of Canadians are
in favor of public ownership of the major
foreign-owned oil and gas companies. I
think Petrocan was set up to head off that
sentiment and to demonstrate to the people
that something was being done. Under the
legislation Petrocan could be used as a
mechanism for bringing a significant part of
the industry under public ownership and I
wouldlike to see it used in that way. But I'm
afraid that it's been set up as a kind of public
relations operation to satisfy Canadians that
something more is being done than actually
is. Page 6
Tuesday, March 22, 1977
'Tween classes
Marlon Osburg from trie Pacific Life
Community discusses women and
non-violence, noon, SUB 212.
Film   of   an   archaeological   dig   In
Ontario,     1:30     p.m.,     museum
orientation centre.
General meeting, noon, SUB 211.
General meeting, noon, SUB 205.
Forum For A Democratic
University, noon, SUB 212.
Practice,   4:30  to  6:30  p.m.,   SUB
party room.
Indian     United     Nations     delegate
speaks  on  aid to the Third World,
noon, SUB auditorium.
General meeting, noon, Chem 250.
Introductory      lecture     on
transcendental     meditation,     noon
Bu. 313.
Seminar    by    economist     Leonard
Library rip-offs
Certain unscrupulous
individuals have been stealing
wallets, calculators and other
valuable items from library carrels
and study tables.
University librarian
Stuart-Stubbs urges all students
not to leave valuable items
unattended in libraries. And if
you have been victimized, he
would like you to fill out a theft
report form available at
information counters.
Probably    no    one
who's shivered through
January 1st celebrations
bundled  up in parkas
hasn't  secretely wished
that New  Year would
happen in the Spring.
Well, it may come as
a surprise, but there is
a calendar followed by
a growing number of
people   that  celebrates
its New Year at a much
more reasonable time of
the  year:  March   21st,
the first day of Spring!
The Baha'f Calendar
was designed in the last
century to mark the beginning of a new spiritual age in the life of
mankind.     It has  19
months of 19 days —
nine of its own  holidays—and on this March
21st is 134 year's old.
For  everyone  who's
always wanted to celebrate New Year in their
shirtsleeves, here's your
March /21st
The First Dayf of Spring
...a much more!  reasonable
time for N^w Year!
Schapiro, 4:30 p.m., Bu. penthouse.
General     meetings    and    executive
elections, noon, SUB 205.
General meeting, noon, SUB 211.
Claire Culhane on prisoners' rigtits,
noon, SUB 207.
Discuss   bicycle   paths,   noon,  SUB
James    Martin    on    The    Crucified
Christ, noon, Chem 250.
Jim    Kennedy    speaks,   noon,   Old
Civils, 201.
Film   on   Outward  Bound,   8  p.m.,
Place Vanier ballroom.
Testimony     meeting,     noon,    SUB
Meeting, noon, Buto. 297.
Professor Walls on the Performance
on  Popular Chinese Balladry, noon,
Bu. 106.
Lecture  on   small animal  medicine,
noon, MacMillan 160.
Songfest, 8 p.m., Orpheum theatre.
General meeting, noon, SUB 247.
Cathy and  Bruce  Webster perform
popular folk,   8:30  p.m.,  Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Introductory    lecture,    noon,   SUB
Canadian premier of film Rebellion
in      Patagonia,     7:30     p.m.,
Fisherman's Hall, 138 East Cordova.
Musical devotion, 3 p.m., Epiphany
chapel, Vancouver School of
Camping holidays for young adults, 18 thru 30
years — 3 to 12 weeks from as little as $341.
Travel in specially chartered custom built
Mercedes-Benz Buses, safe reliable with
highly trained Drivers.
Meet guys and gals from other Commonwealth countries as well as Europe.
An experienced Courier accompanies each
Tour and you will enjoy 3 meals a day,
prepared under the supervision of a
For your FREE colour brochure, bookings
and other information take this
advertisement to your local Travel Agent.
'Europes Top Camping Tour Operator'
Wiih Casino fiecording Artiss
TICKETS; |5~Si8(fefrt A^ance
S6~Non student Ad«me, S6.5Q Beof
Available at* Ail WowJwarfs
Conceit 8»x Offices (Miane 687-2801),
A.M.S. Business Office {Student Ms®
Building, U.B.C.)
Presented &y the A.M.S, Special Events
Be prepared for the April 16 LSAT
■ Seminars  Limited  to 20   Students
■ $95  for 20   hours   of Intensive  Instruction
Canada Testing Review Corporation:   CALL009~6323
Graduate Student Centre
Thursday, March 24, 1977 at 12:30 p.m.
in the Ballroom at the Centre
The Board of Directors will recommend to the membership
constitutional changes which will alter the terms governing
ordinary memberships. Details have been sent to all members and
are posted in Thea Koerner House.
NOMINATIONS are now being accepted for three positions on
the Board of Directors of the Graduate Student Centre.
Nomination forms are available at the Centre office, until
Tuesday, March 22, 1977, at 4 p.m.
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c. Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S. U.B., UBC, Vancouver.
5 — Coming Events
night '76-'77, Friday at 8:30 p.m. with
Cathy and Bruce Webster and their
popular folk music. Relax with coffee
and five kinds of teas for only 15c.
Also, freshly baked pastries. Lutheran
Campus Centre. $1.00 cover. Bring
a  friend.
11 — For Sals — Private
English standard portable typewriter
in black leather carrying case. Full
86 character keyboard. Black/red.
Regularly $107, will sacrifice for $70
o.b.o.   Phone   731-1807   after  12 noon.
1968   TRIUMPH   GT6   overdrive,   rebuilt
engine,  new  clutch,  radials. 224-6687.
TRAVELLING OVERSEAS on a shoestring budget? Then attend a special
travel evening sponsored by the Canadian Youth Hostels Association to
be held at the Vancouver Youth Hostel, Foot of Discovery St., on Wednesday, March 33rd at 8:00 p.m. Advice
will be given on most aspects of low
budget travel and free check lists
will be available to all potential travellers. No admission charge. Bring
your  friends  and  questions.
30 — Jobs
PART-TIME    employees    required    for
Budget   Cleaners,   3506  W.   41st Ave.
Female prefered.
With   Casino   Recording   ArtMa
Sunday, Mar. 27, 8 p.m. UBC War
Memorial Gym. Tickets: $5—Student
Advance. $6—Non student Advance.
$6.50 Door. A.M.9. Business Office,
(S.U.B.)   A.M.S.   Special   Events.
35 - Lost
The    Vancouver    School     of
Theology Choir presents
The Passion
according to Saint John
SUNDAY, MARCH 27-3:00 p.m.
in The Chapel of the Epiphany,
SEIKO   WATCH   in   Sedgewick   Library
washroom.   March   17.   Finder   phone
' 224-9974 ask for Ian.
70 — Services
MOVING   OVERSEAS?   Air   or   Sea  —
efficiently, quickly and cheaply.
Phone Concord Freight System Ltd.
Bridget or Rolf. 324-2122.
Adams Photography, 731-2101, 14BB
West Broadway at Granville  Street.
INCOME TAX returns prepared to your
maximum advantage. $10 up. 731-
85 — Typing
10 — For Sale — Commercial
THE GRIN BIN — Largest selection of
prints and poster* in B.C. 3300 W.
Broadway (opposite Super Valu) Vancouver. 738-2311.
SOUTH AMERICAN Handicrafts. Unique items at unique prices. Private
importer.   669-1777.
TYPING ESSAYS, RESUMES, etc. Precise work on an electric typewriter.
I will organize your resume for you.
Phone Cathy, 731-0657.
Specialty   for   fast,   accurate   typing.
Phone  731-18W7   after  12:00 noon.
and Mb rlne. 299-5053.
FAST AND ACCURATE typing. Please
cal]  Susan, 734-1724.
90 - Wanted
ROOM NEAR UBC needed for female
student. For three weeks in April.
Peter, Boom 327, 224-9083.
99 — Miscellaneous
Rent  cabin  day/week.   733-0174  eves. Tuesday, March 22, 1977
Page 7
Fencer wins B.C.'s
Frances Sloan swept the senior
and junior ladies foil event leading
the UBC fencing team to an excellent showing in the B.C. Fencing
Championships, Saturday and
Sunday at the University of Victoria.
The UBC squad, made up of
students and fencing club
associated members, placed better
than any previous UBC team in the
In the senior ladies foil Sloan
placed first followed by Marianne
Mortensenof UBC. Martina Kilger
of Chilliwack came third after a
three-way barrage for first place.
Jane Milton of UBC placed
fourth, Heather McDougall of
Victoria was fifth and Barbara
Hislop of UBC came in sixth place.
UBC also swept the junior foil
event with Sloan taking first,
Milton in second and Hislop
placing third. The UBC junior
team were all members of the
squad that won in the Canada West
University Athletic Association
meet held at UBC, Feb. 26 and 27.
In the men's senior foil event
Martin Hunter, a UBC associated
member, placed second behind
Todd Ducharme of the Victoria
Blades. Patrick Tam of UBC came
in sixth place and Chris Kreis
finished in seventh. Ducharme also
won the junior foil. Rob Margolis
came in second. Les Dobray placed
fourth and Howard Gee finished in
seventh place. Margolis was a
member of UBC's C.W.U.A.A.
UBC did well in the senior sabre
event with Tam taking third place
behind Simon Tam of Simon
Fraser University and Alan Bailey
of Victoria. Dobray finished in
fourth place and associated
member Alex Wilson came in
In the junior sabre Ducharme
placed first and Dobray of UBC
came in second.
There were no UBC participants
in the senior epee event. Dobray
placed fifth in the junior epee.
For her part in the C.W.U.A.A.
meet and for winning last year's
B.C. ladies foil crown Sloan was
selected to a team of three
Canadian junior women for the
World Youth Fencing Championships to be held in Vienna, April 7-
The B.C. championships marked
the end of one of the most successful fencing seasons ever. The
UBC team, especially the women,
have placed excellently in all their
meets this year.
Rugby game
The California State University
at Long Beach Forty-Niners appear in Thunderbird Stadium
Thursday to meet the Thunderbird
rugby team in the 36th World Cup
Although it is the Forty-Niners
first appearance in the World Cup
play, they served notice that they
were ,a force to be reckoned with
when they defeated the 'Birds 14-3
in an exhibition match last season
in California.
The World Cup was donated in
1925 by the defunct Vancouver
World newspaper. It is played for
each year by UBC and the top
university rugby side from
California. UBC has won the
trophy 17 times, including the last
four years running.
This year's game will be played
at 12:45 p.m. Thursday in Thunderbird Stadium. Buses will leave
from in front of SUB for the
stadium just before game time so
students can watch the game
during lunch.
more sports
on page 8
—frances Sloan photo
FENCING TOURNAMENT .. . UBC's Patrick Tam (right) takes on
Tom Freeland
And for only $20.00 you will learn how to sail and be able to use our
Enterprise and Laser sailboats all summer long. We also have beach
barbecues and picnic sails to Lighthouse Park, and lots of other activities
through the summer. Come to either of the two meetings left this term —
Wed., March 23rd and Wed., March 30th - 12:30 SUB 205.
Tuesday March 22
sub 212  12:30
hair studio inc.
5784 University (Next to Bank of Commerce)
Please use up your tokens
prior to this date
For people who take the time
to roll their own.
Drum Cigarette Tobacco is a blend of 17
different prime tobaccos from around the
world. The result is a mild, slow burning
smoke with a uniquely different taste. And
the long strands make Drum Dutch Blend
tobacco ideal for both hand and machine
rolling. Ask for Drum Dutch Blend in the
Blue pouch. Because when
you take the time to roll your
own, you deserve something
different. Page 8
Tuesday, March 22, 1977
The Thunderbird rugby team
won its second title of the season
Saturday with a 25-7 win over the
Victoria Crimson Tide in the
McKechnie Cup final at Thunderbird Stadium.
Led by props Frank and Dennis
Carson, flanker Don Carson and
centre Dave Whyte UBC
dominated every facet of the
game. The scrum continually got
the ball for the backs who in turn
played with a confidence and
polish previously lacking.
* Whyte opened the scoring for the
'Birds with a dash up the left side
in the second minute of the game.
Ten minutes later, Dennis Carson
stole the ball on the Tide 35-yard
line and passed it out to brother
Frank who crashed through the
Victoria line and fed second row Ro
Hindson. He drew the last man
then passed to Don Carson who had
no trouble going in from the 10-
yard line. Scrum half Preston
Wiley converted to put UBC up by
10 points.
Although Victoria thrice carried
the ball inside the UBC 10-yard line
before the half ended they were
turned away each time. Fly-half
Cliff Yorath hit on a dropkick from
the 25-yard line for Victoria's only
points of the half.
The Tide continued to press at
the commencement of the second
half but were unable to score.
Wiley hit with a penalty goal to put
UBC up by 10 and that seemed to
subdue the Tide.
Hans De Goode led Victoria's
last gasp of the game as he set up a
try for the Island side. However the
running of Whyte and left wing Rob
Jenkins kept the ball in the Victoria end of the field and ended any
thought of a comeback.
Whyte put the game out of reach
for Victoria by scoring on a give
and go with Jenkins. Fly half Gary
Hirayama finished the scoring for
UBC as he was neatly set up by
Wiley. Wiley converted both tries.
The win gave the 'Birds their
19th McKechnie Cup, their fourth
since 1971. The trophy is symbolic
of rugby union supremacy in the
province. First awarded in 1895, it
is Canada's oldest perennial
more sports
on page 7
1110 Seymour St.
Big or Small Jobs
also Oarages
Path of Total Awareness
"Spirituality cannot be taught, but
caught — Therefore, man's first
duty is to know himself. We can
worship any God we wish, but our
first duty according to all
metaphysical and spiritual teachings
is to find out who, and what, we
are ourselves."
How does ECKANKAR compare
with other paths?
Introductory Lecture
Friday, March 25-12:30
Sub 117
In The Student Court,
University of British Columbia
In the Matter of the Alma Mater Society, the Varsity Outdoor Club and the Ski Club.
1. Counsel for each of the parties herein concerned has
made representations to the Court on the question of the
court's jurisdiction to deal with the matters proposed in
the motion passed by S.A.C. The motion reads as follows:
"That the question of the ownership and interests (legal, moral or otherwise) of the
various groups (Ski Club, V.O.C, A.M.S.)
involved in the Whistler Cabin be submitted
to Students Court for an opinion. To be rendered no later than February 28th."
2. The determination of the extent of the courts jurisdiction
to decide the above question turns on the interpretation
to be placed upon Clause 25 of the Constitution and By-
Laws of the Alma Mater Society passed on March 10,
1976. Counsel for the Ski Club proposed that the ambit of
Clause 25 is restricted to matters arising out of breaches
of the Constitution or like disclipinary matters. He points
.   out that 25 (1) (a), which reads as follows :
"The Court shall, subject to the Universities
Act   and   the   Societies   Act,   exercise
disciplinary powers over the Society's
organizations and members."
constitutes the general grant of power to the Student Court,
and that all following subsections apply only insofar as is
necessary to allow the court to procede with desciplinary
hearings. Hence, Counsel argues, the designation of the
Student Court in 25 (2) (i) as "sole interpreter of the
meaning of the Constitution, Code and By-Laws of the
Society" is to be read subject to 25 (1) (a). In effect then
the Student Court would be the sole arbitrator of the
Constitution only when hearing disciplinary matters.
This matter, counsel argues, is not such a case.
3. I cannot, accede to this submission. It appears that,
despite some poor draftsmanship, the thrust of 25 (1) and
25 (2) is different. 25 (1) undoubtedly deals with
disciplinary matters. However, on the wording of 25 (1)
(b) it seems that this restriction of purpose does not
carry over to limit the words of 25 (2). 25 (1) (b) states
that 25 (1) (b) (i) and (ii) are "for greater certainty". No
such words are found at the opening of 25 (2). Indeed, 25
(2) turns to the Constitution and governance of the Court.
Such a purpose is divorced from the declaration of
jurisdiction over disciplinary matters. For this reason I
hold that 25 (2) (i) is an unencumbered grant of
jurisdiction to the Court.
4. I am supported in this view by the past practise of the
Court. Judges of the Student Court may take judicial
notice that past Student Courts have exercised
jurisdiction in non-disciplinary matters. This is relevant
on two counts. Firstly, in the absence of any clear intent
in the Constitution of the A.M.S. to alter the power of the
Court the past practise of the Court is evidence as to what
the framers of the Constitution had in mind in drafting
Section 25. This evidence is helpful in trying to sort out
the ambiguities inherent in Clause 25. Secondly, the past
practise of the Court indicates that members and
member-organizations of the A.M.S. formerly had rights
to have matters decided in the Student Court in non-
disciplinary cases. This Court should not be quick to hold
that such rights no longer exist. To support such a contention far clearer language than is herein used would be
It seems clear also that the policy of this Court should
favour the internal adjustment of disputes and the
avoidance of costly litigation. This is not to say that the
case should be heard in secret, rather it should be free
and Open to all students. It is also not to say that this
policy ground is determinative, however in my view it
would be unfortunate if the Court were to ignore the
merits of these policy considerations. That this interpretation of S.25 accords with these policy grounds is
supportive of its correctness.
But let us assume that counsel for the Ski Club is correct,
and that 25 (2) (i) is to be read subject to 25 (1) (a). It is
the case, nevertheless, that the Cpurt would have
jurisdiction. Clause 25 (1) (b) (ii) (d) states that:
"For greater certainty, the Court shall have jurisdiction
(ii) over the Society's organizations
(d) for the violation of the Constitution, By-
Law or Code of any subsidiary organization or
branch society of the Society."
In the case before us there is a good chance that one of the
parties may be in breach of its own By-Laws. I would
hold that in view of this possibility the Court has
jurisdiction to determine the matters referred to it
herein insofar as such is necessary to establish the
breach of or adherence to the By-Laws of the
organizations involved in this case.
In my view this ground of jurisdiction is cumulative with
that set out in 25 (2) (i). It is my understanding,
however that Judge Dwor dissents on this point and
would hold tha t our jurisdiction is founded solely on 25 (1)
(b) (ii) (d) and not on 25 (2) (i).
7. Granting that the Court has jurisdiction a question arises
as to the extent of our jurisdiction to decide what are
essentially civil conflicts. The members and member-
organizations of the A.M.S. bind themselves to abide by
the By-laws thereof. The By-laws give to the Student
Court only the power to interpret these By-laws as they
effect members. However, the Constitution does not
operate, and was not intended to operate, in a vacuum.
The Court finds it impossible to interpret the effect of the
By-laws on the activities of AMS members without
deciding those collateral matters of fact and law which
are inextricably mixed up with the applicability and the
ambit of any particular By-law. The Court must and
will decide such matters.
However, there is a point beyond which the Court has no
jurisdiction. For example, if the Court were to hold that
there would be no breach of the By-laws of any
organization if the Ski Club or the V.O.C. were to be the
beneficial owners of the cabin in question, and both clubs
claimed such ownership, ihen a decision of the Student
Court on this matter would no longer be based on the Bylaws but rather on the evidence and on questions of law.
We have no power to make a binding decision on such a
matter. However, I would note here that should such a
situation arise all counsel have requested that the Court
render an opinion on such an issue, and this we will do to
the best of our ability.
The importance of these questions should not be lost in
their technicalities: the central issue at this hearing was
whether and when an AMS member or member
organization can, in the absence of any conduct
warranting disciplinary action, complain to the Student
Court of a state of affairs which it finds objectionable.
Students and their clubs should not be lightly denied the
right under the By-laws to impartial arbitration of their
grievances by a body of their peers.
Fred Hansford
Judges Shaefer, Boscariol, Waddington and Nairne concur
with the Chief Justice.
Judge Dwor dissents in part.
In the first hearing, dealing with jurisdiction, we were
faced with three parties, not one of whom wished the
Student Court to have binding jurisdiction. In effect, they
all wished the final resolution by this Court to be nothing
more than a starting point for future negotiations. Clearly
the reasons for these parties coming to this Court is their
total incapacity to agree upon a mutually satisfactory
conclusion. Now that the parties have made their incapacity to bargain and their desire not to relinquish their
capacity to bargain public, the importance of the Court
stating that it had binding jurisdiction should be self
evident. Whether or not the Court can enforce its
judgements, and whether or not the parties will react as
though they were bound by our decision is irrelevant. It
must be clear to all those using our Court that all parties
will be bound by its decisions. Otherwise the mechanism of
thecourt as an agency of orderly conflict resolution will fall
into disuse and ultimately the members of the student body
will be poorer for this disuse.
As to whether the Court has jurisdiction over the substantive issue that appears to be coming before us (the
exact relationship between the AMS and clubs and consequently how this relationship affects ownership of real
property, chattels and funds) I hold that under By-law 25 (1)
(b) (ii) (d) of the AMS Constitution, the Court does have
jurisdiction. That Section, in effect, reads as follows:
For   greater   certainty,   the    Court   shall    have
jurisdiction over the Society's organizations
for the violation of the Constitution By-law or
Code of  any  Subsidiary  Organization  or
Branch Society of the Sociefy.
Clearly in this instance the-Courthave to determine both the
meaning of all Constitutional By-laws involved and also
whether or not a violation has occurred. Implicit in the
opposing parties viewpoint is a view that the other party has
violated some constitutional rights and prerogatives.
Similarly, the disposition of property will follow from the
Court's decision as to the constitutional capacity to hold or
lay claim in some way to the said property.
My dissent is based on my agreement with Mr. Simcock's
argument, that the Court is in general, not the sole interpreter of the Constitution, and that it is limited to hearing
cases that fall under By-law (25) (1). I appreciate that this
view derrogates from previous rights, but the only evidence
we had before us to counter Mr. Simcock's arguments were
a copy of regulations to the previous AMS Constitution
which implied a much wider jurisdiction. If the AMS wishes
this Court to have a wider jurisdiction, it should ammend
(S25) (1) to enable the Court to hear a larger variety of cases
than it is now empowered to do.
Mark Dwor


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