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The Ubyssey Aug 3, 1983

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 THE UBYSSEY
Vol. II No. 6
The Summer Ubyssey
August 3-9
228-2301
WCC fights racism
Grants given for black
liberation in Southern Africa
VISITORS AT 'THE WELL" heard Grace Eneme, a black Presbyterian
from Cameroon speak on conditions women face in her country.
Women delegates at the World Council of Churches conference have
been gathering at this meeting place located in the Lutheran Campus
Centre. See story page 5.
By MURIEL DRAAISMA
The two Christian men on
the podium peered intently
at the army of press before
them. As TV cameras swung into
action, the pair slowly responded
to grueling questions on the World
Council of Churches' anti-racism
fund.
"We are not talking about simple personal prejudices," said
Anwar Bartak, the WCC's director
of the Program to Combat Racism.
"Racism is a structural problem
supported by legal, economic and
even theological organizations," he
told 100 journalists in War Memorial gym.
The questions centered on the
controversial aspects of the PCR
— the grants given to black liberation groups fighting white supremacy in Southern Africa. Christian as well as secular journalists
demanded to know if the WCC's
funds are used for arms purchases.
"The WCC makes it clear that
money to liberation groups is given
for humanitarian purposes. It has
never been proven that it is used
for other reasons," said Alan
Boesak, South African Church
leader.
The liberation groups receiving
funds report regularly to the PCR
staff about their activities. "We
have no hesitation in knowing what
they are doing. We know precisely
what is going on," said Bartak.
The money supplied by individ-
was used to fund terrorism against
whites in what was then called
Rhodesia, but Bartak shook his
head.
"Our critics use the Zimbabwe
example when it is a success story
for the PCR. That small grant we
contributed helped end the vicious
racist war in Zimbabwe," he said.
The WCC also pays close attention to the situation in South Africa
where racism is institutionalized,
Money to liberation groups
is given for
humanitarian purposes.
ual churches and governments is
intended to cover a variety of costs
including medical, educational,
legal and organizational, he said.
Much of the controversy arose
when the WCC granted funds to
the Zimbabwe Patriotic Front in
1978. Critics thought the money
No nukes' is not enough
By BRIAN JONES
Disarmament is far deeper
than merely reducing
nuclear weapons, an
American peace activist said
Monday.
"It is not sufficient, by far, merely
to stop the nuclear arms race,"
Randall Forsberg told 200 people
at International House. Conventional weapons must also be curtailed, said Forsberg, a leader of
the U.S. nuclear freeze campaign.
"Despite the terrible danger of
nuclear catastrophe, we cannot separate nuclear weapons from the
issue of conventional weapons and
conventional war," she said.
"The reason we have nuclear
forces and the continuation of the
arms race is not primarily to deter
nuclear war," said Forsberg. "It
doesn't make sense to have nuclear
weapons to prevent nuclear war."
The arms race is currently escalating because the superpowers are
trying to gain first-strike capability, she said. "The thrust of the
nuclear arms built (since 1960)
have been to attack cities, but
nuclear and conventional military
forces on the other side."
This applies conventional ideas
of warfare to the nuclear arena,
Forsberg said. "If the purpose of
our nuclear forces is to deter attack,
why are we targeting military forces?" she asked.
The U.S. plans to use nuclear
weapons to escalate a conventional
war, charged Forsberg.
"That is the rationality for the
acquisition of these counterforce
weapons," she said. "It is to perpetuate the roles of conventional
military force."
"Practically none of the U.S.
military spending is for defence,
narrowly defined," she added.
Nuclear weapons are meant to
instill fear in other nations while
conventional weapons are designed
to be used overseas, she said.
Forsberg outlined several crucial steps for achieving disarmament.
"The first thing we must do is
stop   producing  counter  force
weaponry," she said. And the U.S.
and U.S.S.R. must stop intervening in the affairs of third world
countries, she said.
If these two major conditions
were met, "we would have created
a change of attitude which would
allow us to just begin disarming,"
Forsberg said. "That is how far we
are today from realistic disarmament."
Other necessary measures would
be to demand that industrial
nations jointly and simultaneously
reduce their military forces by 50
per cent, said Forsberg. Military
industries would have to be shut
down, and civil rights and economic development promoted in
the Eastern Bloc and the third
world, she said.
"If we follow these steps, we can
make this theory (disarmament) a
reality."
he said. By donating money to the
liberation groups there, churches
are simply responding to the
demands of the gospel, he said.
Boesak, a strong opponent of
apartheid, outlined the dilemma
facing black South Africans and
ultimately the PCR. "The South
African people have tried every
peaceful means to change the
situation. We want our freedom,
respect and dignity, but what are
we to do?"
The South African government
responds with violence to any
attempt to alter the political
imbalance, he said. "One must ask:
where does the terror begin for
many people in South Africa?"
Churches must support the
racially oppressed, but should strive
for peace at the same time, he said.
They must never justify violence as
they have in the past, he added.
Women suffer from violence worldwide
By BRIAN JONES
Women, why are you weeping? This question, addressed by four women at a
Saturday forum on violence in women's
lives, revealed how widespread the problem is in the
world.
Aruna Gnanadason, a member of the Church of
South India, said discrimination against Indian women is common.
"The understanding that a woman is a man's property allows men to violate a woman any way they
want," she said.
Various forms of violence are used to suppress
women in India, Gnanadason told 400 people in IRC
2. Landlords and their hired help rape and molest
village women to intimidate their husbands she said,
calling it "feudal violence."
Indian women are also victims of domestic violence, said Gnanadason. Five thousand dowry deaths
occurred between 1948 and 1978 because brides' families could not afford to pay their dowries, she said.
"Dowry death is a euphemism for cold blooded
murder of a wife."
And the state abuses Indian women by forcing them
to take contraceptives without giving them any explanation, Gnanadason said. "To them, Indian women
are no different than a herd of cows."
But the Indian women's movement has made some
progress in achieving legal equality, she said. "We
have yet a long way to go. But we have hope in women,
who can be peacemakers in a troubled world."
Oo Chung Lee, of the South Korean Presbyterian
Church, said South Korean women are reluctant to
try to change their status.
"Most women are trained so well that they support
the status quo. They do not want change," said Lee.
Most of the violence against South Korean women
is directed at lower class women fighting economic
oppression, she said. When women union members
strike, men are sent in by the government to beat
them, she said.
Although demonstrations are illegal in South Korea,
many women are forced to strike because of poor pay,
which is often 40 per cent less than what men receive,
said Lee.
"This kind of wage discrimination makes women
victims of slum areas," Lee said. "I would call this
social violence on women."
Jean Zaru said Palestinian women encounter frequent violence. Its roots are found in the very unequal
treatment of boys and girls, and the way they are
viewed by society, she said. '
When a boy is born, they say "May he be blessed,"
Zaru said. But when a girl is born, they say "May God
compensate you with many sons."
Religion may also contribute to violence against
women, said Elizabeth Bettenhausen, of the Lutheran
Church in America.
"The natural world is denigraded, and women are
the epitome of the natural world," she said. "The
status quo for women is pure and simple misery."
"It is quite clear, woman, why you are weeping,"
said Bettenhausen. "But all I know about God is that
She is weeping with you." Page 2
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, 1983
Budget angers women
By LISA MORRY
" Women Against the Budget want
it to be known that, for however
long it takes, women are going to
fight the implementation of this legislation. Women arefighting because
we cannot survive and will not
advance under the terms it seeks to
impose on our lives."
This promise to challenge the
Socred sword threatening B.C.
women was given by Frances Was-
serlein at the July 23 rally to protest
the provincial government's budget.
Women against the Budget is a
coalition of women's groups and
individuals educating women about
how the budget violates their rights.
A meeting Thursday night at the
First United Church on East Hastings drew about 350 women representing many different unions and
women's groups.
One issue the meeting addressed
was Bill 3, the Public Sector Restraint Act, which allows the government to fire civil servants without
cause.
"The new legislation declared open
season on women in terms of sex
discrimination and harassment without recourse to union rights," said
WAB spokesperson Sara Diamond.
"The firing without cause provision
is an open invitation for sexual har-
assent on the job, and because of
government cutbacks women no
longer have a legitimate government
agency to fight discrimination," she
said.
"This means that if women object
to being sexually harassed by their
boss, they risk being fired."
WAB is also addressing the problem of women's minimal earning
power.
"Education funding cutbacks will
limit our access to higher education
and entrench women in low-paid
and traditional job ghettoes," Was-
serlein said at the rally.
Since women earn only 57 per
cent of what men earn, WAB says
that Bill 11 — the Compensation
Stabilization Program Ammendment
Act, which limits wage increases to a
maximum of five per cent and also
allows wage reductions — will widen
the gap between women and men.
"With this legislation the Socred
government is bent on re-creating a
time when, for women, independence, self-determination and decent
wages and working conditions disappear from the agenda of this province," said Wasserlein. "We, who
have still so much work to do to
advance women's rights, must not
and will not return to a time when
women's work was brtually exploited and women's needs were completely ignored."
After her emotional and angry
speech at B.C. Place, Wasserlein
discussed some of the other cuts that
will be detrimental to women.
Transition House, a halfway house
for battered women and their children, may be in danger, she said. New
mothers will no longer have access
to sponsored postnatal depression
counselling. Rape crisis centres are
Applications are now being accepted for two
(2) voting positions on
im:
CPAC
The Capital Projects Acquisitions Committee is
responsible for preparing projects in the following areas that were approved by referendum in
November 1982:
• Housing • Parking
• Daycare • Whistler Cabin
• Recreation • Barn
• SUB Plaza
Applications and information may be obtained in
Room 238 SUB, or by calling 228-3971.
poc
3MC
DOC
one
one
30C
DOC
3UC
THI
of Xne Sumimer u toyssey was
puiblisliea with, financial assistance
from one UBC Aluinini
Association.. XJrie Aluinini Fundi
Allocations Committee provider!
$675 to help pay for ine
typesetting ana printing of tnis
issue. I lie U oyssey staff wound
like to express tneir tnanks and
appreciation to rae Alumni
Association. I lie UlDyssey, of
course, remains totally and solely
responsible for tJne contents of tins
issue of Xne Summer
tone
30C
3MC
DOC
one
sue
3HC
DttCJ
getting more calls, but government
funding cuts mean budget cuts and
increased workloads. And legal aid
cuts mean many women will no
longer be able to get protectionf rom
violence, Wasserlein said.
Health care cuts will also disproportionately hurt women, said Diamond. "A minimum of doctors are
available through the medical plan
and government plans to limit an
individual patient's access to health
services will directly affect women
— the majority of whom are lower
income workers who require subsidized health care," she said.
The welfare freeze will also hurt
women, especially those who are
single parents, said Diamond. This
freeze is a direct threat to women's
ability to feed and house their children, and stretches a minimum income
on basic survival needs, she said.
'"This government opposes basic
human rights," says Wasserlein.
"Who most needs the safeguards of
the Human Rights Act? Women do.
In this society women must too often
bear the burden of double or triple
discrimination. Discrimination because of sex, race, and class."
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THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
Page 3
El Salvador facing intervention
By CHRIS WONG
Marta Benavides sits among a
small group of people in a dark
corner of the SUB quiet room.
Involved in a vigorous discussion,
she speaks in thick Spanish but no
translation is needed to understand
the urgency and desperation in her
voice.
She has joined the throngs at UBC
for the World Council of Churches
conference as neither a delegate nor
an accredited visitor. Benavides has
come from her home in El Salvador
to voice concerns about Central
America.
Marshall
Islands
poisoned
By SARAH COX
Arms control negotiations are
futile and do not address the effects
of nuclear testing, World Council of
Churches panelists charged Thursday.
The superpowers ignore the catastrophic impact of U.S. test explosions near the Marshall Islands and
try to defuse public opinion by holding negotiations, said panelists Dar-
lene Keju and Lawrens Hogebrink.
The once self-sufficient Marshall
Islands have gradually lost their cultural and economic independence
since the first nuclear test in 1954,
said Keju, a cancer victim from the
Islands.
Sixty-six atomic and hydrogen
bombs have been tested in the area
and many of the islands are off limits
forever, Keju said.
"Our environment is contaminated.
Our culture is destroyed."
Radioactive fallout has poisoned
the food chain and people are
crowded onto tiny islands declared
safe by the U.S., said Keju. Cancer,
miscarriages and birth defects among
the Marshallese are reaching epidemic proportions, she said.
"According to the scientists and
doctors all of these things are from
radiation."
The U.S. exploitation of the Marshallese continues unabated, said
Keju. One large Island lagoon is currently being used as a target range
for missiles shot from California,
she said.
Hogebrink, from the Netherlands,
said arms control negotiations serve
to justify these kinds of missile
testings.
People place blind faith in the
negotiations and refuse to address
crucial issues like the Marshall Island
testings, he said.
"Arms control has become a measure of controlling public protest
against the arms race rather than
controlling the arms race itself."
Superpowers strive for nuclear
superiority because it gives them
freedom to build up their conventional weapons, enabling them to
give military aid to countries they
consider economically and politicaly
important, Hogebrink said.
"Conventional weapons are the
real core of the problem."
"The conventional arms race is
about being strong everywhere in
the world where your investments
are at stake," he said.
The peace movement should be
addressing the buildup of conventional as well as nuclear arms, said
Hogebrink.
"We have to be much more explicit
about what's going on in the third
world concerning intervention."
Focusing on arms control negotiations has stopped the peace movement from protesting conventional
weapons and nuclear tests, said
Hogebrink.
In light of the increasing signs of
U.S. aggression in the strife torn
area, she views her mission as one of
vital importance.
A Baptist minister dressed in Oscar
de la Renta jeans, Benavides is not
exactly the typical El Salvadorean
freedom fighter.
She choose the UBC conference
as an arena to gather support for the
El Salvadorean people because of
the WCCs public stance defending
human rights.
But she is wary of the efforts of
solidarity groups in other countries.
"Solidarity comes from the word
solid. It's so solid that you won't be
able to destroy one part without
touching the other.
"To be solid with us it means that
they have to take with them the goal
that we have — to fight a war and
win it."
Solidarity is lacking in Americans,
Benavides says. "They are the people
who can most effectively tie the
hands of intervention."
But she fears intervention and an
escalation of war in Central America
will inevitably occur because of U.S.
involvement in the area. The U.S.
naval blockade patrolling the Nicaraguan coast is only one example of
the deepening crisis, says Benavides.
"There are manouvers right now
going on for the purpose of intimidating and pressuring Nicaraguans.
We cannot call them wargames, we
know any minute it could become
worse."
As the coordinator of an ecumenical committee for humanitarian aid
in El Salvador, Benavides is familiar
with crisis situations. The committee
prepares people for the outbreak of
an insurrection, she says. Health
needs are addressed by the committee, she adds.
Benavides worked with Archbishop Oscar Romero, who was murdered while giving a mass in March,
1980. The murder occured because
Romero gave refuge to people fleeing government violence, she says.
Romero and others who gave aid
were branded subversives by the
government, she says.
According to Benavides, 40,000
people have been murdered and 3.4
million displaced in El Salvador
since 1979. But people are determined to oppose the government
despite the state of siege, she says.
*Even with all the repression the
people have become very organized.
We have come to a moment where
the people are moving forward —
they are leading a political and military struggle."
"These people are not crazy, they
have a platform," she says, referring
to the Farabundo Marti
National Liberation Front, the military wing of the rebel forces fighting
the El Salvadorean junta.
The progress of the rebel forces
could mean a collapse of the
government, says Benavides. Victory
for the opposition forces would be
met by U.S. military might, she says.
"We are afraid that the U.S.,
which talks about limited nuclear
war, might practice it right there (in
Central America)."
REBEL ANGELS APPEAR cleverly disguised as Scottish highlanders dressed in develish tartan outfits. The angelic but stylish twosome
were heard to mutter, "You take the high road and I'll take the low road and we'll meet in Gage together."
Bishop booed for defense of deterrence
By SARAH COX
An Anglican bishop's views on
nuclear deterrence and disarmament
were booed and hissed by a capacity
crowd in the graduate student centre
Thursday.
Bishop John Habgood said people
must abide by politicians' decisions
concerning testing and deployment
of nuclear weapons.
Earlier, his had been the only
voice in a panel of four to defend
deterrence as a means of preventing
war.
"There has to be some sort of
deterrence in the world whether it is
nuclear or not," he said.
But present day deterrence is not
the best solution for avoiding war,
said Habgood.
"Deterrence is inherently unstable
simply because each side is endeavoring to out do the other."
However, deterrence can prevent
a nuclear war if it is improved, he
said. "The total abolition of nuclear
weapons is Utopian. But we can and
should reduce and control them."
"We've got to figure out how we
can make deterrence more stable
and less wasteful of resources," he
said.
Other panelists disagreed with
Habgood's defense of deterrence.
American author Ron Sider drew
appreciative claps from the audience
when he said deterrence is unreliable.
"Every generation of nuclear weapons shortens the nuclear trigger
and reduces our security," he said.
"Security through violence has never
worked."
One of the main ethical dilemmas
of deterrence is that it depends on an
intention and commitment to use
nuclear weapons, Sider said. "That
means we have to say we will do
what we consider immoral."
Human or computer error could
also easily lead to nuclear catastrophe, Sider warned.
The United States once received
147 missile alarms in an 18 month
period, he said. And in 1979 and
1980, computer failures were responsible three times for U.S. missiles
being alerted for up to six minutes,
Sider said.
Alan Geyer, a former professor,
said the logic behind deterrence is
inherently flawed.
"It involves an absolute contradiction between rationality and terror. You want to terrorize your
enemy into thinking you will use the
weapons, but at the same time, you're
relying on them to be rational enough
not to use theirs," he said.
Deterrence theory justifies the
existence of nuclear weapons, said
Geyer.
"Ultimately, if you're a believer in
deterrence, it becomes impossible to
make any steps at all toward disarmament," he said. "Deterrence has
become a technocratic escape from
political and human realities."
Metropolitan Paulos Gregorios,
from India, and a delegate of the
Orthodox Syrian Church of the East,
said deterrence is morally unacceptable because it escalates the arms
race and creates an oppressive military culture.
"We have agreed that the use of
nuclear weapons is a crime against
humanity. If the use of nuclear
weapons is morally evil, then the
intention to use nuclear weapons is
also morally evil," he said.
The manufacturing, stockpiling,
and trading of nuclear weapons
should all be condemned as morally
evil, Gregorios said.
Power sharing advocated
By MURIEL DRAAISMA
Women leaders must demonstrate
the value of "foot washer power", an
outspoken woman pastor told a
large congregation Thursday.
Baerbel von Wartenberg, a World
Council of Churches staff member
in Germany, was referring to a passage in the New Testament in which
Jesus washes his disciples' feet to
illustrate that no person is more
important than another.
Women must employ this power
to replace existing hierarchical
structures with democratic ones, she
said. Cooperative power sharing is
a more natural style of leadership to
women than competitive power
holding, she added.
Titles create an imbalance between
people and should be discarded in
favor of humility, she suggested to
about 90 women at the Well, a campus site where WCC women delegates are meeting to discuss issues of
concern.
But Jean Skuse, general secretary
of the Australian Council of Churches, said many men can only function in a hierarchical setting and
immediately usurp a woman's power
if she tries to share decision-making.
"The minute I try to work cooperatively is the minute I lose my position or weaken it."
Women leaders often have problems establishing credibility, she
said. They have difficulty identifying
themselves as leaders because of
their low self image and they appear
incompetent in men's eyes, she said.
Women leaders have few role
models to emulate, Skuse said. And
the ones available are not always
suitable.
"We've all had the Margaret
Thatchers pointed out to us. But I
think there are men as heads of
countries who are pretty crummy
too," she said to the audience's
amusement.
Nicole Fischer, president of the
Geneva Protestant Church, agreed
that women's insecurity hinders
their development as leaders. But
women often decline a position
because they are too proud to reveal
their limitations, she said.
Many women feel uncomfortable
as authoritative figures. "It's difficult for a woman to accept a ministry of suthority. It goes against everything we've learned." Page 4
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, 1983
Hello? Is there anybody out there?
These blank letters pages are getting
pretty discouraging. Especially since
our editorial writers have mysteriously disappeared.
Even long letters would be welcome next week, although we generally encourage you to be as brief as
possible. Letters should be typed on
a 70 character line, and hand delivered to The Ubyssey office in SUB
241K no later than 9:30 a.m.
Monday.
The summer Ubyssey reserves the
right to edit for brevity, taste, libel,
grammar and spelling. Sexist or
racist letters will not run.
Please address tetters to the newspaper staff because there is no editor
in chief and the chances are 67-33
that "Sir" would be a woman.
r
THE UBYSSEY
Wednesday, August 3, 1983
The Summer Ubyssey is published Wednesdays during
summer session by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
British Columbia, with the assistance of a grant from the provincial government Youth Employment Program. Editorial
opinions are those of the staff and are not necessarily those of
the AMS, the university administration or the provincial
government. Member, Canadian University Press. The Summer Ubyssey's editorial office is SUB 241k. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
This is ludicrous, insane, I want to go home, life is miserable, why must I be subjected to
the oppression of the paste up table. Oh, alas I think I should write a witty, provocative,
and slightly offensive masthead to rally the troop. See page 7 for details.
TYPEWRITING
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733-3831 WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, 1983
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
Page 5
Women conditioned to serve men
^       By MURIEL DRAAISMA
Christian women from around the
^world gathered at "the Well" Thursday seeking a greater understanding
of their experiences in male oriented
cultures.
Women delegates from the World
Council of Churches, each repres-
enting a different part of the globe,
spoke about poverty, apathy and
* "violence facing many women.
"We are so ignorant about each
other's situation," Grace Eneme, a
black Presbyterian from Cameroon,
told 100 people at the Lutheran
** Campus centre, a gathering place for
women participants at the assembly.
--"Canadian women in their well furnished homes have no idea how
impoverished and overworked African women are, she said.
The Pan-African Institute of
~* Development estimated that 85 per
cent of Africa's female population
live in rural areas. And 60 to 80 per
cent of all agricultural work is done
by women, she added.
Women's work consists of clearing the bush for planting as well as
looking after children and preparing
meals, she said. "After working 10 to
12 hours, women have to trek several kilometres to get water. And
then they don't even know if the
water is contaminated or not by
diseases."
African women in rural areas,
most of whom are illiterate, live in
persistent poverty because they produce very little and improvements in
agriculture are directed towards
areas in which men are primarily
engaged, she said.
In Cameroon, distinction between
the sexes is made at birth, she said.
When a male child is born, there is
much rejoicing because he will continue the family tree. But when a
female child is born, many people
make "cynical" comments, she said.
The baby girl is called a "weakling" and she internalizes feeling of
subordination, she said. "Girls and
women have been so socialized that
they think they're appendages to
men."
Donna Hunter, general secretary
of the Women's Inter-Church Council, emphasized that women's failure
to speak out reinforces their feelings
of insecurity.
"Where are women's voices in the
major organizations in your community? Where is their input into
decision-making?" she asked.
Women in industrialized nations
fail to develop contacts with each
other because they don't speak out
in international organizations and
they are burdened with guilt about
their wealth, she said.
Hunter urged women to overcome
their isolation by developing support networks and to change existing structures,especially within the
church.
"How many of you have unpicked
the seams of an old garment and
sewn something new?"
"I see church women patiently
picking at the seams of church
structure. Some are patching the
garment and some are redesigning
the material. And some are too busy
to notice," she said as the audience,
composed mostly of elderly women,
murmured in agreement.
Diplomacy not effective
By SARAH COX
The views of government and
people clashed in a World Council
""of Churches workshop on nations as
peacemakers Friday.
Canadian and Swedish government spokespeople said middle
countries should mediate between
-'the superpowers, while church representatives and audience members
••stressed the need for alternatives to
current diplomacy.
Swedish ambassador Olle Dahlen
said smaller nations should not align
themselves and co-operate in pressuring the superpowers into successful negotiations.
The mediating nations should
examine the causes of conflicts and
use non-governmental organizations
to pressure the U.S. and Russia into
reducing their arms, said Dahlen.
Countries have failed to use the
United Nations to mediate between
the superpowers, he added.
General Reg Land, former deputy
commander of North American
Aerospace Defense (NORAD),
agreed with Dahlen's emphasis on
the role middle powers and the United Nations must play in resolving
conflicts.
But he cautioned against relying
too heavily on this method for
Canada, Holland, Norway and
already neutral Sweden are in a position to achieve this because third
world countries trust them, he told
, 150 people at International House.
"We must get rid of our narrow
definition of national security. We
' must build up a system of common
security," said Dahlen.
reversing the arms race.
"Superpowers will only react to
any pressure if it is in their best interests," he said.
Middle nations should approach
the superpowers with an irrefutable
plan for disarmament and ideas for
mediation when conflicts arise, said
Lane.
"As long as the superpowers are
talking, I feel confortable," he said.
But Sister Rosalie Bertell said
Lane and Dahlen were ignoring the
critical world condition. "We are in
a situation which could explode
momentarily," she said.
"I do not feel comfortable with
these kind of negotiations when there
are 50,000 weapons in the world,
many of them with 1,000 times the
power of the Hiroshima and Naga-
sakei bombs.
"We can't afford to wait for a perfect plan," she said.
The causes of conflicts must be
examined by people outside governments, said Bertell. Canadians should
pressure their government into withdrawing from the Nuclear Non-
Proliferation Treaty to protest its
not being honored by the superpowers, she said.
A protest would bring the treaty
immediately into the International
Court of Justice, and the superpowers would be forced to justify their
actions.
Bishop Remi deRoo echoed Bri-
tells's views and urged a more comprehensive analysis of the arms race's
causes and consequences.
Plans for the diplomatic mechanisms suggested by Lane and Dahlen
already exist, but the superpowers
do not want to change their attitudes, he said.
"Right now the superpowers are
blind," deRoo said. "Unless someone shows them there are alternatives they have no choice but to continue rationalizing themselves into
complete insanity."
—noil lucerne photo
"LOOK INTO MY EYES." swami Sam said to a mesmermized photog
who flung his limp body to the feet of the holy prophet. "What is my
future?" asked the by now delirious photog. Swami Sam proceeded to
consult grey eminence under his Sunday bonnet and answered: "You
will join the Canvas and change your name to Swami Neil." Photog was
last seen en route to Geneva.
Apartheid spreads
By BRIAN JONES
South Africa's apartheid system is
a threat to Southern Africa and all
humanity, an Angolan Council of
Churches minister said Saturday.
Apartheid is not limited to the
institutionalized form it takes in
South Africa, reverend Daniel Ntoni
Nzinga told 150 people in Wesbrook
100.
"It goes over the borders into all
the countries of Southern Africa."
For example, the presence of South
African troops in Namibia is largely
responsible for much of the violence
and racism in the area, said Nzinga.
"This is not just something related
to the government of South Africa.
r
Women show
solidarity
in protests
directed at
apartheid
By CHRIS WONG
It was a rare moment. A group
of German women educating people about apartheid were commended for their efforts by black
South Africans attending the World
Council of Churchs' sixth assembly.
At a seminar about women in
action, the women performed a
series of skits depicting their
attempts to demonstrate solidarity
with their South African sisters.
Following the dramatic performance, a black South African stood
up.
"I've been moved very much by
what I saw this morning. I feel
strengthened by the fact that people are continuing to focus on the
abortive system in South Africa,"
he told 60 people in IRC 2.
He praised the women for educating people about apartheid and
said their efforts would not go
unnoticed in his country.
Some black people in South
Africa have grown to accept the
racist system, he said. "It is those
kind of people who need to have
this kind of information.
One of the skits depicted a
housewife  distributing  leaflets
which urged a boycott of South
African fruit. A group of actors
began to argue with her and told
her to return to a complacent role
in the home.
She countered their objections
by stressing the need for speaking
out about injustices in South
Africa.
Panelist Marie Dilger said boycotts effectively educated Germans
about apartheid. "It (the protests)
might not have had much effect in
South Africa, but it had a very
great effect on women in Germany,"
she said.
A German boycott of South
African goods was initiated by
women, said Dilger. According to
the leaflet used in the skit, the boycott was organized by the Protestant Women's organization in
Germany after the South African
government banned the Black
Women's Federation in 1977, along
with 18 other human rights organizations.
The leaflet said the organization
is financed by private donations
instead of the Protestant church,
which refuses to provide funding.
Presently, if South African apartheid
is gaining in strength, it is because it
has outside help," he said. "Despite
incessant appeals, we see the situation
worsening.
"In Southern Africa our lives
depend upon the interests of those
who have invested there, and not
upon ourselves," he added.
But racism in Angola was even
worse before 1975, said Nzinga.
Special hospitals and schools were
set aside for whites even though
apartheid was not institutionalized,
he said.
"In my country, we too have lived
through a certain kind of racism,
which has remained unknown,"
Nzinga said. "There have been white
people who have worked for themselves, while claiming to be working
for us."
Black Angolans saw white people's standard of living rise, while
their living standard remained the
same, said Nzinga. "What for our
white brothers was civilization for
the blacks, was their right to exploit
them and profit through them.
"It is what we could call the sacrifice, said Nzinga.
"One of the foundations of that
ideology has been to claim that it has
a biblical basis," he said. "We have
also heard that apartheid is a defence
of Christianity."
Racism has always tried to base
itself on Christian principles, he
added.
Churches must now encourage
the independence of blacks in Angola
and all Southern Africa said Nzinga.
Before he left Angola for the Vancouver WCC conference, Nzinga said
an old man asked him, "To what
extent is Jesus Christ the life of the
world if life is for the white, and
death is for the black?"
"Our struggle against institutionalized racism will be the answer to
that question," Nzinga told the
audience. Page 6
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3. 1983
MUSIC
Thamba Tana: an evening of African heritage, Aug. 5-6, Classical Joint, 231 Carrall.
Shannon Qunn: jazz vocals, Aug. 7, Classical Joint.
Phoenix Jazzers: dixie group. Aug. 5. Hot
Jazz Club, 36 E. Broadway.
Uprising: reggae that's pure Jamacian,
Aug. 8, Inner Crcle.
Betsy Rose/Janet Peterson: vocals and
cello combine to create compelling sounds,
August 9, La Quena. 1111 Commercial.
David Bowie/Peter Gabriel/The Tubes:
the musical extravaganza of the year erupting at B.C. Place. Watch thousands upon
thousands of rodent-like droids lunge for
the choice seats under the dome, Aug. 8,
B.C. Place.
Vista.
Split: a contemporary comedy, City Stage,
751 Thurlow, 688-1436, 12:10 p.m. (note
time)
Escape From B.C. Place: created by the
Tectonic Theatre Ensemble, Arts Club Revue
Theatre, Granville Island, 736-2715, midnight.
EXHIBITS
A Question of Power: a collection of 18
thought provoking paintings about the use
and abuse of power — paintings by Joel
Kingston, University Hill United Church,
5375 University blvd., to Aug. 12.
Swan Leak: ceramic ballet by Stan Lake,
Unit/Pitt Gallery, 163 W. Pender, 681-
6740.
night vigil. Bring your flashlights, Aug. 5,
7:30 p.m.. Museum of Anthropology,
733-0240.
Photo Contest
A slide presentation of UBC students and
colleagues is being prepared to promote
Vancouver, participants will receive royalties, call 228-1347 for info, contest ends
Aug. 12.
TYPING - Experienced in all
U.B.C. faculty requirements
SUMMER STUDENTS -
SPECIAL RATES
Judith Filtness   Public Steno
KERRISDALE 5670 Yew St.
266-6814   (Eves. 263-0351)
* New one bedroom suite for *
* rent. Washer and dryer. *
* Available Sept. 1. Close to * y»
* UBC. Phone after 6:00 p.m. *
* 732-1745 J**
FILM
ETC.
Pacific Cinematheque (800 Robson, 732-
6119) Aug   5-28: The Return of the
Samurai-
Ridge Theatre (16th and Arbutus, 736-
6311) Lianna, 7:30 and 9:30 p.m.
Vancouver East Cinema (7th and Commercial, 253-5455) Aug. 3-4: Les Mistons,
7:30 p.m.; La Soufriere, 7:48 p.m.; The
Great Ecstasy of Woodcarver Steiner,
8:18 p.m.; How Much Wood Would a
Woodchuck Chuck?. 9:15 p.m.; Not Reconciled, 10 p.m. Aug. 5-7: The Hunger,
7:30 p.m.; Just A Gigolo. 9:15 p.m. Aug.
8-9 Painters Painting. 7:30 p.m.; Edvard
Munch, 9:35 p.m.
Savoy Cinema (Main and Kingsway, 872-
2124) Aug. 5-7: Diner, 7:30 p.m.; My
Favourite Year, 9:35 p.m. Aug. 8-9: Dark
Crystal. 7:30 p.m.; Time Bandits. 9:15p.m.
STAGE
Walking The Tightrope: a play about teenage suicide written, researched and performed by teenagers, Firehall Theatre, 280
East Cordova, 689-0926, Tues.-Sun. 8:30
p.m.. Sat. 2 p.m. two for one.
A Midsummer Night's Dream: Shakespeare, Shakeys, Shook me up. Yeah go see
this classic, Vanier Park, 734-0404.
Find Me: a docu-drama that explores the
life of an emotionally disturbed child, Studio
58, 100 W. 49th, 324-5227, opens Aug. 5,
8 p.m., till Aug. 13.
True Lies: an evening of dance presented by
Vancouver's Experimental Dance and Music
company, Western Front, 303 E. 8th, Aug.
5-6, 8 p.m., 299-8643.
Women Against the Budget: Meeting at
320 East Hastings, Thurs. Aug. 4 at 7:30
p.m.
Lower Mainland Budget Coalition: Meeting at Fisherman's Hall, Aug. 10 at 10:00
a.m.
World Council of Churches
A peace and justice event with a Hiroshima commemoration followed by an all-
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een $et 9 cheep one fot 9 mete *300) end
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BOOKSTORE
-1—1—1—1—1—r
6200 UNIVERSITY BOULEVARD
228-4741
1      1      1      1       1 1 1 i_
SUMMER SEENE
VOL. 12, No. 5
Hello, and Welcome to Summer Session '83
august 3-10
SUMMER SESSION
ASSOCIATION
The Summer Session Association is the student organization of Summer
Session; if you have any problems, concerns or suggestions, please drop by
our office — main floor of SUB, opposite the candy counter. We are there
Monday - Friday, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Phone 228-4846
♦ ANNUALGENERAL |
(MEETING
(The Annual General Meeting of the
Summer Session Association will take
1
I
place Thursday, Aug. 11,1983 in Room
100A, SUB. If you are interested in our
activities, please attend this meeting.
I
Wednesday, August 3
Thursday, August 4
Friday, August 5
Monday, August 8
Tuesday, August 9
Wednesday, August 10
Vancouver Wind Trio —
Clock Tower
Phoenix Jazz Band —
Music Building
A Capella Quartet — SUB
Gary Keenan Jazz —
Music Building
Hollybum Ramblers —
Clock Tower
Solo Flight — SUB
(In the event of rain, concerts will be held in the
conversation-pit area, main floor of SUB.)
MUSIC FOR A
SUMMER SOUNDS    SUMMER'S EVENING
Free, noon-hour outdoor concerts. Bring
your lunch and a friend.
Thursday, August 4
Violin and Piano; Music of Debussy, Ravel,
Turner and Sibelius.
These concerts are held in the Music
Building Recital Hall, and are free to the
public. All concerts are co-sponsored by
the S.S.A., Musicians Union Trust Funds,
Extra-Sessional Office, and the Department
of Music.
SUMMER SESSION
1984
— Are you returning to UBC in the
summer of 1984?
— Are you interested in helping with our
summer activities?
— Are you interested in earning enough
money to pay your summer fees?
If "YES" is your answer to these questions
please see Michael in Room 100A, SUB, as
soon as possible.
Summer Session Association information is a service provided
cooperatively by the S.S.A. and The Summer Ubyssey. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, 1983
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
Page 7
New laws quash freedom
By CHRIS WONG
Recent Polish legislation will further erode academic,
freedom in Poland, a UBC professor and East European scholar said Thursday.
The legislation, which coincided with the lifting of
martial law, will increase the education minister's powers of intervention, said Slavonic studies head Bogdan
Czaykowski.
"Not since the period of Stalinist rule has academic
freedom been in such danger in Poland as it is now,"
Czaykowski told 50 people in Buchanan A207.
Leading academics and Solidarity activists remain
imprisoned despite the amnesty granted to some political prisoners, said Czaykowski. Some face death sentences, he added.
The Polish authorities have a weak case against the
acused because many were already under restrictive
supervision at the time of their alleged illegal activities.
"The authorities have absolutely no evidence. They
haven't done a very good job of preparing the materials
that would stand as a basis for sentencing."
Five thousand arrests and internments occured during the martial law period, said Czaykowski. Leading
academics were among those interned, he said.
Stan Persky, author and political scientist, said students obtained academic freedoms during the solidarity period before martial law was imposed.
The January 1981 Lodz agreement helped the student
movement, said Persky. The agreement resulted from
the constitution of an independent student body and a
sit-in at the University of Lodz, he said.
It called for:
• institute directors to be democratically elected,
• student imput over curriculum,
• limitations on campus police activity,
• general demands for increased freedom of political
expression.
"That the students had to make these demands makes
the situation before the solidarity period clear," Persky
•said.
Sex tours damage economies
Tourists travelling in third world
and Western European countries are
weakening economies by spending
their money on prostitution, a World
Council of Churches seminar revealed Saturday.
Boomee Juliree, a delegate from
the Church of Christ in Thailand,
said tourists in Thailand are pumping all of their money into prostitution.
"Tourists are spending their time
in the hotel and not experiencing the
country," she said. "They never see
what Thailand looks like, except on
postcards."
-j
"The men stay in hotels, and
women are sent in for men to choose
the size, color, and everything."
Dr. Erlinda Senturisa, from the
United Church of the Phillipines,
said Japanese corporations send their
employees to the Phillipines for a
"three day holiday of exploitation."
Phillipine women are also shipped
to Japan by the Japanese mafia for
prostitution; she said.
Phillipinos are not addressing this
critical problem, said Senturias.
"Many are afriad to criticize the
government."
Others are still not aware of the
problem, she said.
Madeline Barot, from Paris, said
even countries like Germany and
France are facing increasing demands
for prostitutes. Club Med is one
agency involved in retailing sex
package tours, she said.
International awareness of the
packaged sex tours and education of
prostitutes are the keys to dealing
with the issue, said Senturisa. "We
are offering a skills training program
for people who want to get out of
prostitution," she said.
Ubyssey staff flee to CUP conference
CALGARY — Thirty-five student
journalists sat on the manicured
lawns of the University of Calgary,
munching on greasy corn and
chicken. Attending a Western
regional Canadian University Press
conference, they were to spend a
mellow weekend massaging each
other and discussing issues of
concern.
And apart from the late night partying last weekend, much business
was accomplished.
A women's rights committee composed of five women from the West
was established, and the mandate
for each coordinator was drawn up.
The women chosen will be responsible for extending support to other
women journalists, organizing
women's caucuses and networks, and
coordinating the coverage of
women's issues in student newspapers.
- WfcaeCtaJB&ookeconsultedtnestyte-
flttW* ane^ contemplated pizza the
; otfwnlHHMtedinftwoonisr.ptanniRg
• fcytiiM strategy. "BySnee only to
, reviews of mellow jenHrok fusion,''
. bellowed Chris Wong. "Don't ftwset
wimflttn'ttauMamffttaxicavwae*,"
pMmdMuiW Oraajsma. "Bylines
to«tofft»MitN>evftaofnoit4i«tutal, .
chemiealty dominant emoke filiatf
entitites,*'Sarah Coxsigneiled. "How
, about atorles on LatJn-Amertcsn
nwsic, politics or dry goods?" questioned Brian. Jones. "No, bylines, only
to stories on how to rape* cowboy,"
whispered Donne Turko. "Syttmwto
coveraee of the joy« of being • sex
symbol," said the dashing Neil.
Lucerne. "Bylines to (tones on 100
fun things to do in the darkroom,"
MM ien Tlmberfeke. "Bylines to #to»
ries on how to maintain overwhelming,
self-confidence/' Use Marty murmured. "This paper is not made up of
one-issue writers." everyone said in
unison.
One woman from each province
will be represented on the committee, except for B.C., where there will
be two women to fieldwork the
region.
And due to a recent editorial in
the University of Alberta's student
newspaper, which insulted WRCUP's
human rights coordinator, a motion
protecting the HRC was passed. If
any student newspaper publishes an
offensive editorial in response to the
HRCs letters of criticism, an investigative committee will review its
conduct.
A fledging student newspaper in
Lethbridge called the Lethbridge
Weekly asked WRCUP for support
and money. It was given a round of
applause after the staff described in
detail the corporate intimidation it
has received from the Lethbridge
Herald and its determination to continue publishing.
Thompson Incorporated, acting
through the Lethbridge Herald, has
tried to snatch away its advertisers
and thus the Weekly is running a
deficit. Member papers agreed to
send more money to help the community publication.
RED LEAF
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UBC VillacjH
Pasta Shoppe & Delicatessen
OUR SPECIALITIES ARE:
• Fresh Pasta and Assorted Sauces
(Made Daily — Herb Cream Sauce, White Clam with White Wine & Garlic,
Pesto, Tomato, Meat Sauce with Red Wine, Red Clam Sauce).
• Ready Made Pasta Dishes to Go.
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• Sandwiches, Quiches, Cold Meats,
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Thurs., Fri. until 7:00 p.m., Sun. Noon - 5:00 p.m.
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UBC Students/Faculty/Staff
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Tcbyiifte. or not to byline, that t* the
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Quality copies from
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5706 UNIV. BLVD.
222-1688
BESIDE HONG KONG
KITCHEN
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New&
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731-0111
Tues. - Sat. 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.
l1abooclles~~
Kaboodles is for kids — big and small.
Stop by and find summer playthings like hula
hoops, bolo bats, sand mills, beach balls, quiet
games for backseat travelling, baby gifts, party
supplies, jelly beans, helium balloons.
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Licensed IVemises Page 8
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 3, 1983
Uzeb escapes fusion monotony
By CHRIS WONG
Last week the Sheraton Landmark
Jazzbar underwent a dramatic transformation from its usual mellow
surroundings as a jazz lounge.
The tiny stage was covered with
mounds of electronic equipment, the
audience was filled with exuberant
Quebecois, and the sounds booming
from the stage were unlike any heard
■ in the club.
The force that created these unusual conditions was Uzeb, a fusion
quartet from Montreal.
Jazz-rock fusion musicians have
become associated with a set formula characterized by a slick and
predictable approach to the music. The
level of originality in this sub-category in jazz has deteriorated from
the intense, driving spirit of early
fusion masters like Miles Davis, to
the dry and very boring sounds of
lifeless contemporary bands like
Spyro Gyra. Uzeb is contemporary,
but anything but boring.
The band overcomes the major
dilemma facing fusion musicians —
how to combine flawless technique
with feeling and without power-tripping, as many electric musicians do.
Bassist Alan Caron and guitarist
Michel Cusson lead the band in their
pursuit to escape machine-like monotony. Both attended the Berklee
School of Music which has produced some of the jazz scene's top
players.
Caron surpasses most electric bassists in talent, even the great Jaco
Pastorius, who is a major inovator
on the instrument. Switching between three basses including the
high-pitched stick bass, Caron displays incredible technique, or "chops"
in jazz lingo.
His abilities shine during solos. A
jazz bassist capable of producing a
well-crafted solo is a rare find.
Because of the instrument's nature,
many bass solos sound awkward
and cluttered. Caron is an exception. He maintains the same energy
and employs the same interesting
ideas on his solos as he does when
playing fluid cascading lines behind
the band.
Cusson is also a guitarist of high
calibre. His guitar screams with fire
and emotion during his lengthy
solos, which drew a large roar from
the crowd.
What places the band in a superior category is the excellent group
interaction. The dual and triple runs
featuring the two axemen and key
boardist Michel Cyr are precise.
Take note, the music they play is of
an extremely challenging level. The
average Uzeb tune is up-tempo, and
varied in rhythms and harmonies.
Many jazz musicians would have
trouble keeping up with the band's
hectic pace.
They also employ pedals, digital
delays, and other gadgets to enhance
their sound and create interesting
shades to the music. Drummer Paul
Brochu somehow emerges out of all
this activity with his rhythmic contribution.
All of the tunes Uzeb played were
originals, except for a dream-like
rendition of the Charlie Mingus
classic, Goodbye Pork Pie Hat. The
tunes Penny Archade and Brass
Links especially stand out as vehicles for Uzeb's charging sounds.
Their recent appearance at the *■
Montreal International Jazz Festival, a set they landed opening for ->..
Miles Davis, and an upcoming tour
to France, indicate Uzeb is on their
way to the exposure and success they
deserve.
CUSSON...electric guitarist with chops to spare
PANGO PANGO (UNS) — Hairy
puce blorgs on this tiny island community were shocked Tuesday to
learn that island religious leader
Moral Dogma had enticed the staff
of the island rag, The Daily Blah, to
drink cyanide-laced kool aide.
The sudden deaths lead to a staff
shortage on the blah, with managing
dipsticks Bliss Wrong and Paira
Socks the only remaining staff.
Wrong and Socks had not taken
any of the deadly potion, since they
had been spying on the new rival
tabloid The Provincial at the fateful
time.
Wrong and Socks issued an immediate appeal to island residents to
save the paper. "HELP HELP
HELP!" they were heard to grunt in
unison.
Has-beens Haig Crooks and Brawn
Bones rallied to the call of the new
leadership for help, but were unable
to prevent Dogma from ensuring
local convention of superstitious
people dominated latest issue.
Meanwhile, the island dictatorship
of Dog Kennel had come to a violent
end in a bloody coop. Kermit Geroge
Pedersen, who still doesn't have a
pango pango name, siezed power in
the early morning hours of Julv 1.
Across the water, his excellency
Vile Boneit was playing with his new
hardware set in preparation to cut
everything. "Me go smash crash bang,
just like this," said Boneit, as he
demolished his mechano model his
wife Audit had given him for his
birthday.
"I didn't go beyond grade 12, and
look where I am — aren't I great?"
he said. "And besides who needs
educated people — they might figure
out what I am doing and try to stop
me."
Universities Czar Rat McSneer
agreed with Boneit. "Whatever he
says I agree 100 per cent with," he
said from his soon to be phased out
department office at UBC. "So long _
as we leave the buildings up, people
will think things are happening out
here at beautiful sunny UBC. And of
course, we will have to ensure the
grounds are kept up."
Boneit said the government would
spend money on stadiums and tran-   -
sit systems instead. "If you can't get
the public to football and soccer  *
games fast and cheap — they won't
re-elect you will they?"
Wanted: Experienced quarterback for top flight touch
football team. Phone 263-
6509 or 731-4384.
Annual General Meeting |
of the
Graduate Student Society
will reconvene on Friday, August 19,1983 at 4:30 p.m.
in the Graduate Student Centre
AGENDA
1. Financial statement for 1982.
2. Report of the Council.
3. Report of the Auditor, and appointment of an auditor for
1983.
4. Notice of special resolutions (Constitutional amendments):
(a) proposed change of quorum requirements for Council
meetings.
(b) proposed attendance requirements for departmental
representatives.
5. Other business.
Located
in SUB
Lower Level
Open 7:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Our Delly offers a superb
variety of made-to-order
sandwiches. Also coffee,
juices, ice cream, hot
snacks, and pastries.

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