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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 20, 1980

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Vol. LXIII, No. 30
incouver, B.C. Thursday, November 20,1980
o        . o
A.   Robin
DEAD BIRDS. One of each, this female (left) and male (right) of the A
who killed Cock Robin anyway?
— arte •egortson photo
Robin family didn't make it to 1981. And
Student faces 10 years for 'theff
satisfied that there has been sufficient proof made to oblige me to
open a trial."
With these words, Judge Raymond Stalker told the courtroom
Tuesday that Universite de Montreal student Guy Heroux would
stand trial on three counts of theft.
The charges carry a maximum penalty of 10 years.
The decision was made despite
the protests of 5,000 students Oct.
The charges stem from an occupation during the summer of the director of residence's offices by students irate over an 8.5 per cent increase in residence fees. The pro-
osed increase would raise the fees
from $82 to $89. The students gave
Heroux a mandate to hold their rent
cheques as a protest measure.
The same day Heroux's case was
tried, more than 200 students occupied the Quebec ministry of education offices in Montreal for
eight hours and succeeded in pressuring for a meeting between student
representatives and the ministry in
early December.
Among the students' demands
were that the charges against Heroux be dropped, as well as the recognition of student associations as
legal unions, self-financing of cafe
terias and auditoriums, and input
on course structure.
The protest began as a march to
the ministry offices organized by
Quebec's two province-wide student organizations and two student
groups at the Universite de Montreal.
The groups also say they are seriously considering a second demonstration to support Heroux.
The text of the law under which
Heroux is charged defines theft as
"depriving or intending to deprive
someone of property permanently
or temporarily."
"I wonder what he was mandated
for if it was not to deprive the Universite de Montreal of this money,"
said Judge Stalker.
Defence lawyer Real LeBlanc had
argued charging Heroux with theft
of the cheques made out to the uni-
See page 2: FACTS
AMS refects
UBC became the first university
in Canada to withdraw from the
Association of Student Councils
Wednesday night.
Student council voted overwhelmingly to withdraw from the
association despite appeals from
AOSC treasurer Rob Lauer who
told council the Alma Mater Society
had nothing to gain from the move.
"I don't believe it," Lauer said
after the decision was reached.
"I'm disappointed, I don't understand what UBC has to gain from
the move. I am baffled on why they
(student council) were so quick to
make a decision.
"It won't financially hurt AOSC
because we don't get a penny from
our members. It's more of a loss to
UBC. They've just given up their
vote (in the association). I don't
understand the rush."
He said council's reasons for
withdrawing from the association
are misguided.
"Their problems and concerns
are with a new national organization that does not exist, may never
exist, and certainly won't exist for
another three or four years," Lauer
(At its last conference, AOSC executives presented the concept of
legislating all its members to join
the National Union of Students,
which would lead to the formation
of a new national student organization. Delegates from UBC and five
other universities stormed out of
the final plenary session over a matter of "freedom of choice," saying
universities should be able to join
an a political service organization.)
AMS external affairs coordinator
Al Scrltis said council, in reaching
its decision, "just showed the country we can be very obstonate and
Soltis supported the motion to
withdraw from AOSC after council
voted against tabling an original
motion to present the association
with an ultimatum demanding:
• the AOSC board of directors
recommend to its membership that
congruent membership in the proposed new national student
organization is unworkable,
• the board recommend to its
membership that present membership by-laws be amended to include
open membership free from external restrictions.
• and the directors call a special
general meeting to be held on or
before Jan. 31 to discuss and
make changes with regard to the
above recommendations.
The motion called for UBC to
withdraw from AOSC unless these
demands were met by Dec. 31.
The motion also called for UBC
to withdraw from AOSC unless the
following demands were met by
Feb. 1:
• the AOSC membership at the
special general meeting reassess and
See page 3: IMPOSSIBLE
Persky pushing
for chancellor
Stan Persky, teacher, writer and
unabashed activist, is taking another try at running for UBC chancellor.
Persky has entered his name in
the Feb. 6 vote among UBC faculty
and alumni along with that of current chancellor J. V. Clyne. Clyne
defeated Persky in the 1978 election
for the chancellorship, getting two
votes for every one of Persky's.
This time Persky expects to do
better. "He didn't run that active a
campaign last time and he got one-
third of the vote," Persky campaign manager Kathy Ford said
Wednesday. "He expects to win; he
wouldn't be running otherwise."
Why does Persky run? "Because
he wants to be president of the university some day," said Ford. "He
wants the chancellorship to better
the lot of students more than it has
before. As chancellor he'd want the
position to become more involved
with the university."
Persky obtained two degrees at
/ \
Pudding proposal pondered
First there was Saturday Night Fever. Now there
is Tuesday Night Pudding.
In keeping with its policy of introducing innovative and varied programming and maintain its
position as the leader of the industry, the Alma
Mater Society concerts committee has announced
entertainment creation which will rival the'
"breathtaking excitement of the Pit Hot Air
The first public announcement of this entertainment industry breakthrough appeared in the committee's minutes of Nov. 7.
"Tuesday Night Pudding-Wrestling was
presented as an answer to charges from the Surrey
Institute of Technology that UBC students are all
introverted, sugar deficient and keeners," said the
Despite protests from food services that the event
would put them out of business, the committee has
made arrangements with the Nestle corporation to
have 10 tons each of tapioca and strawberry pudding pumped onto the Pit dance floor each Tuesday
Students will then be admitted to go for "all they
can eat" to the sound of Queen's latest hit single,
"Another Bites the Custard," said the minutes.
Admission will be $3, $5 for couples, which also
includes a complimentary can of cool whip and a
Several special events are planned in coordination with the sugary spectacle.
AMS executive and administration vice
presidents will grapple with each other to decide
who is more full of starch at the Grand Opening
Ceremony, Nov. 25 at 3 p.m.
And there will be a Mr. Custard contest in the
spring, with special prizes including a one month
membership at the Nautilus Slimming Studios.
UBC while atteading from 1966 to
1973 and was active in student politics as a member of the UBC senate
and president of the arts undergraduate society. Now a visiting instructor at Malaspina College in
Nanaimo, he is the last recipient of
the Alma Mater Society's Great
Trekker Award, given to him in
1978 for contributions to the university and its students.
"If 1 win the chancellorship the
university will probably abolish the
position. Everything I win there
they abolish," Persky said Friday,
referring to the fact the award has
not been presented since 1978.
Clyne, a 1961 recipient of the
same award graduated from UBC
in 1923, has served on the B.C. Supreme Court and is the retired
chairman and president of MacMillan Bloedel, the monolithic lumber conglomerate that could once
call itself the cornerstone of the
B.C. economy.
Persky charged Clyne in September with not taking his position seriously and not using his position to
investigate and improve the operation of the university. "He's done a
lousy job," Persky said, pledging
that he would work harder as chancellor if elected and would not give
up running for the position.
"As long as they're planning to
run some bourgeois pig again and
hang the robes of office on some
giant timber baron ... as long as
they have that going and they pretend there's a democratic election
out there I will be around," he said.
Clyne later refused to answer
Persky's charges, saying only that
Persky is "a very disagreeable person."
About 80,000 votes will be distributed by the university to faculty
and alumni for the chancellorship
election. The chancellor sits on both
the board of governors and the
senate, the two bodies that govern
the university. Page 2
Thursday, November 20,1980
Tacts' conflict
From page 1
versity was analogous to charging
persons who occupy an office or a
building with theft.
"The seizure of a room by (an occupying group) is depriving someone temporarily of his property.
But I've never heard of anyone accused with theft for such actions,"
LeBlanc said.
Heroux is also charged with stealing the petty cash in the residence
director's office and of making over
$300 worth of photocopies.
Gilles LeFranc, one of the students who took part in the occupation, testified that photocopy services had been provided to residence students as part of a general
mandate given the occupying students to maintain all administration
services throughout the occupation.
LeFranc said more than $400 in
petty cash was found in an unlocked cash box in the office and was removed at the beginning of the occupation to ensure it would not be
The defence lawyer produced a
letter to the director of residences
stating that all money owed would
be returned as soon as a detailed account of such sums was received.
Heroux testified that he personally told residence director Gilles
Morrisset that the money was in
safekeeping and would be turned
over as soon as a receipt was offered.
Morrisset had testified at the previous session of the preliminary
hearing that no ore had offered to
return the money to him at any time
after the occupation.
Despite Tuesday's testimony,
Judge Stalker said the charge of
theft of $756 stands. He said the offers to return the money accompanied by demands for precise accounts
were "very conditional."
The date for Heroux's trial will
be set Jan. 25.
3644 West 4th Avenue
At Alma
Ubyssey Photographer's Union (local 69) will meet in SUB 241K to discuss working
conditions, assignments, photo files and a new stereo system for the darkroom. All
presently active photogs must show up or union cards will be confiscated. Bring
cameras, booze, drugs, beds, water pipes, paraphanalia and incisive questions.
Shop steward Strut Druid encourages new members to come and bring friends.
"When the photo staff tops 36 they'll have to get us a second enlarger," Druid said
to no one in particular, artsy photogs welcome, bring puce scarves and matching
underwear. No professionals please, this is a class operation. See you there.
3771 W. 10th at Alma
Thursday, Nov. 20, 1980
12:30 p.m. - 2:00 p.m.
Law Building, Room 169
Panel Participants
Dr. Lorette Woolsey, Director W.S.O. Moderator
Ms. Susan Daniells, Criminal Law
Ms. Mabel Eastwood, Property Law
Ms. Susan Polsky, Clerk, Supreme Court
Ms. Dellis Rand, Articling Law Student
Ms. Anne Rowles, Family Law
Ms. Joyce Whitman, Civil Law
Co-sponsored by the Women Students' Office
The Women's Committee in Law
Enquiries 228-2415
We offer for each of the LSAT, GMAT
and MCAT:
• 200 page copyrighted curriculum
• 70 page Math Primer (sent to each
LSAT Si GMAT registrant)
• seminar-sized classes
• specialized instructors
• Guarantee: repeat the course tor no
extra charge it your score is
Why not give us a call and find out how
you can really do the preparation you
keep thinking you'll get around to on
your own.'
National Testing Centre Inc.
J30-H52 Mainland St.
Vancouver. B.C. V6B 2T9
or call:
(604) 689-9000
Southern Comfort. Enjoy it straight up, on the rocks,
or blended with your favourite mixer.
The unique taste
of Southern Comfort
enjoyed for over 125 years. Thursday, November 20,1980
Page 3
Silent French share holocaust guilt
The ultimate responsibility for the French
holocaust does not necessarily lie with the
Nazis, Michael Marrus told 70 people in
Buchanan 100 Tuesday.
The "final solution" resulted in the deportation of more than 75,000 Jews from
France during the time of the German occupation, of which only three per cent survived
the death camps, said Marrus, a history professor from the University of Toronto.
But he said "the defenders of Vichy made
no conscious effort to stop or disrupt the deportation of Jews from France."
In fact, at the time the Nazis occupied
France there already existed two years of legislation concerning aryanization and deportation of Jews. This had all started before the
Germans arrived in France, Marrus said.
He said that, "legally, at the time of the
German invasion, the way was clear for the
exploitation and widespread persecution of
Jews in France, be they citizens or foreigners
on French soil."
The Jews were shipped by dead of night
from points in unoccupied areas of France
via trains in boxcars each containing 30 men,
women and children, he said.
"The only facilities the cars had were straw
for bedding and a steel bucket that served as
a toilet." He added, "the YMCA was noted
for putting a box of books in each car."
The loading, cataloguing and actual arresting of the Jews was carried out by French
police, under orders from French officials,
Marrus said. All French involvement was directed by General Pierre Lavalle, also instrumental in the establishment of the French
Foreign Legion.
He said even before the German occupation started, Jews were openly persecuted:
their possessions and homes were taken away
from them, their families split, assets confiscated, and whatever social status they had
earned, crushed. Before the arrests commenced, Jews were refused and relieved of
teaching positions, especially at universities.
Marrus said the French bureaucrats involved with the Vichy affair stated later they were
"trying to avoid something worse by collaborating with the Nazis, and that their chief
concern was for the citizenary French Jews."
But they ended up deporting more and
more Jewish French citizens to meet the
quotas the Germans set. He said during this
period the German campaign against Russia
was at its peak, but that in France there were
only about 3,000 German troops in all of the
occupied area. There were 100,000 French
police in the same area, 14,000 in Paris alone,
he said.
In Vichy, the capital of unoccupied France
until 1942, politicians and other men of
power "remained mute even in the face of
the horrors perpetrated by the Nazis and
some Frenchmen, in their own country, to
their own people."
Maurrus . . . 'mute in face horror'
>u *"rv '
■"» vt *,* X V"
TAU negotiators
far from Utopia
—eric aggoraton photo
WE REGRET any inconvenience, but due to work on Main library no books will be loaned out until 1984. Students
interested in reading should try Sedgewick or variety of other libraries on campus. Plans for construction on Main
are still up in air, but new building must go somewhere so view of surroundings will suffer. Join save the library
campaign and preserve cramped, poorly heated stacks for future generations of suffering students like yourself.
Masses forced fo violence in B Salvador
By remaining silent, Western nations are condoning Latin
American oppression, a representative of Canadian University Services Overseas said Tuesday.
Gonzales Martin told 50 people
in International House that dozens
of people are being shot every day
in El Salvador and Western countries are doing nothing about it.
He said that conditions in El
Salvador are symptomatic of the institutionalized violence that has
become the situation of the continent.
"The masses aren't taking it any
longer. They are forced to
violence," he said.
Martin, CUSO field representative for Latin America, said it is
silly to talk about development in El
Salvador. CUSO, an independent
development agency, trains Third
World nations to cope with
technological changes and promote
the causes and concerns of Third
World nations.
A film, presented at the lecture
by the UBC Central American Support Committee, depicted conditions in El Salvador. A peasant girl
in the film described how soldiers of
the Military-Civilian Junta stabbed
and disembowled her parents.
In the film, it was said that conditions in El Salvador result from
foreign influence, particularly U.S.
influence. Literature supplied at the
lecture said the U.S. continues to
support the Salvadorean Junta.
CASC works with the Revolutionary Democratic Front (FDR) in
El Salvador by trying to build an international support base for revolution, a CASC spokesman said.
He said that the FDR is a
legitimate voice of the Salvadorean
people seeking recognition as the
new government of El Salvador.
Martin said, "We (Western
Countries) are responsible for their
"If we keep silent, we are chosing
sides," he said.
He added, "There is a role for
people to go and co-operate for
(Latin American) development."
CUSO volunteers, he said, support
the initiatives of the people by raising their consciousnesses.
"We are helping to stop people
from losing their human right,"
Martin said, pointing out that
Canadians   are   involved   already
through financial dealings in Latin
"It would be interesting to find
out how much Canadian capital is
pouring into South American nations," he said.
CASC is organizing a rally this
Saturday at 12 noon in front of the
courthouse. The rally will be followed by a march to the American
TAs can't expect their first union
contract to be Utopian, says a UBC
associate vice principal, but members of the TA Union voted Nov. 13
to set up an action committee to discover means of putting pressure on
the university.
"People have been upset at the
slow pace of negotiations," TAU
secretary-treasurer Peter Fryer said
Negotiations have been suspended since Friday, when a marathon
12-hour bargaining session was
held. Talks have taken place since
Oct. 28.
"Our situation is that we will
have a general meeting Nov. 27 and
then continue discussions," said negotiator Malcolm Kennard.
The TA Union negotiators would
not comment specifically on the negotiations but appeared frustrated
and pessimistic about the outcome.
"The negotiations are in an extremely sensitive stage and therefore we cannot be too specific about
the situation," Kennard said.
"We're back to square one."
But Robert Smith, academic development associate vice principal,
said negotiations could be finished
by the end of November.
"We had hoped to get it (the contract) settled on Friday but we got
hung up on a couple of things,"
Smith said Wednesday. "We feel
confident that if we come to grips,
with these two issues we can reach a
settlement. I'm looking towards settling it before the end of the
"I hope we've been accurate in
assessing what the TAs want. I hope
the (TAU) negotiators realize you
can't come along to a first contract
and get Utopia."
But the TAs see it differently.
And it is not just the negotiators.
The unanimous decision to establish the action committee supports
the negotiators' statement that the
membership is "strongly and enthusiastically" behind them.
"People are upset at the intransigence of the university on certain
issues," Fryer said.
The committee has no limitations
set on the type of action it may
recommend, but "I expect that
whatever recommendation the action committee makes will be designed to minimize the effect on students," Kennard said.
"We're students ourselves," added negotiator Glen Porter.
TAU demands included equal
pay for equal work, a statement on
sexual harassment, academic freedom, quality of education and union security.
According to Smith, only two issues remain outstanding: compulsory membership in the union, and a
two-year, as opposed to a one-year
contract. "We've come close on the
money," he said.
The TAs, tutors and markers
have not had a pay increase since
Sept. 1979.
TAU negotiators said the university made a statement Thursday
which said UBC didn't want anything in the TAU contract which
was not already present in other
Smith says for a first agreement the university should sign one
that is compatible with the other 10
bargaining units across Canada.
"There should be no trailblazing,
but this particular union wanted a
lot of trailblazers."
The university has agreed to
clauses that are not copies of other
agreements, Smith said. UBC is
prepared to consider a one-year
agreement, he said.
"I'm not pessimistic."
Impossible to meet demands'
From page 1
abandon the concept of congruent
membership in the proposed new
national student organization permanently,
• AOSC members adopt the
concept of open membership, independent financing, independent
board of directors, and independent
responsibilities for each branch of
the proposed new national student
• and the membership by-laws
be amended as demanded above.
Soltis told council he objected to
the motion primarily because it
would be impossible for AOSC to
meet any of the demands by the
designated deadlines.
"You know damn well they can't
hold a meeting before Dec. 31.," he
told Kevin Rush, graduate student
representative and mover of the
After council defeated his motion
to table the decision, Soltis amended the original motion to call for
immediate withdrawal from AOSC.
Soltis said immediate withdrawal
from AOSC would end the charade
of pretending to expect AOSC to
react to an impossible ultimatum.
He said he was not free to negotiate
a new format for UBC services
without using the "ridiculous"
demands the original motion called
He said he expects the AMS to rejoin the association by January.
He said over all, the withdrawal
from the association would have
positive ramifications because "it's
got people on council to think
about services."
He said the AMS will now have
to hire a researcher to investigate
service facilities at UBC. He said
the researcher would develop a
framework with which the AMS
could negotiate its terms for reentering AOSC.
"Then we can vote outselves
back into AOSC. No problem," he
said. Page 4
Thursday, November 20,1980
Persky power
Look out. Someone's trying to make life difficult and interesting again. We could have a
very different outlook from that loftiest of positions, UBC chancellor, in years to come.
The time has come for the triennial election to
choose a chancellor to sit on both the board
governors and the senate, as well as sign, with
the help of an autograph machine, the degrees
we students are here to earn.
Last time Stan Persky ran against J.V. Clyne
when the job came open and everyone refused
to take him seriously. The chancellor of UBC has
always been a sedate and conservative person
chosen for greatest ability to disappear into the
woodwork. Clyne was perfect. Persky, author of
left-wing crituques of the reigning Socred
government, seemed, to say the least, unlikely.
Persky surprised everyone by getting almost
35 per cent of the vote. It became evident there
are more than a few faculty and alumni who
weren't satisfied with another figurehead borrowed from the ranks of retired distinguished
The two contenders line up evenly in the basic
Both are UBC graduates, Clyne in 1923 and
Persky leaving the university fifty years later with
two degrees.
Both have served on UBC governing bodies
before, each serving on term on the senate;
Clyne has the edge here by virtue of a longer
time in the senate and, of course, his three years
as chancellor.
Both (blush) have been perpetrators of the
perhaps finest newspaper west of Blanca Street,
The Ubyssey. Clyne was sports editor; Persky
worked on newsside.
Outside of he university the two men, so different in age, have led very different lives.
Clyne has become a symbol in B.C. of the
highest that capitalist initiative can achieve, our
homegrown E.P. Taylor or K.C. Irvine. He has
upheld Canada's conservative legal traditions in
the B.C. Supreme court.
Persky went on mostly to teach in B.C.'s community colleges and along the way wrote two
books. The first. Son of Socred, examined
thoroughly some of the problems with Bill Bennett's provincial government that are today the
subject of almost continuous public and media
scrutiny. The second. The House That Jack
Built, was an expose of Jack Volrich's administration and was certainly a factor in his narrow defeat in the Vancouver mayoral election
Persky sees his business as educating people
and helping them to think clearly about the world
they inhabit. He has said he will work at the
chancellorship and attempt to make it an active
position of real value to the university and the
students in it.
"I am a teacher and I think I know something
about the business," Persky said earlier this year.
If Clyne has had any lengthy thoughts about
educational policies they have not been publicly
recorded. We'll pick Persky without pause.
■'"Il  \      l    "ii""1    ■ .   ""'«■
Creationism confusion needs close examination
In his article "Creationism rears
its ugly head" (Nov. 14), Mr.
Shariff does not make clear whether
he is dealing with fundamentalism
and evolutionism or creationism
and evolutionism. He has, it appears, confused fundamentalism
and scientific creationism.
Fundamentalism, as defined in
Webster's Dictionary, is "a movement in 20th century Protestantism
emphasizing the literally interpreted
(my emphasis) Bible." That scientific creationists believe in creation
does not therefore make them fundamentalists (or vice versa).
He writes: "Fundamentalist
thought and religion are based on
faith. Science, ultimately (my emphasis), is not." That is false.
Science, on the contrary, is
ultimately a belief, a faith; a belief
that a particular form of knowing,
scientific knowing, is the ultimate
form of knowing; a faith that any
problem — all problems — can and
will be solved through scientific
methodology. That is incorrect.
Man has always had a scientific
bent to his nature — and it has
yielded much good — but its
overemphasis is allowing man to
control his world at the risk of losing his ethical dimension. We have
inherited a world of the Copernican
and Darwinian revolutions.
As the cloak of incomprehension
began to fall from the shoulders of
our universe many came to believe
that man was not created at the cen
tre of God's universe but rather that
man was a cosmic accident.
Contemporary science, with its
emphasis on measurement, has
been so successful that all other
disciplines are attempting to imitate
its methodology. The presupposition that science is the ultimate and
only way of knowing, that reality is
physical, led men such as Freud or
B.F. Skinner to apply this
methodology to the human being.
Freud failed to recognize these
limitations: to understand that
crude tools yield crude results.
Skinner, the Harvard psychologist,
assumes man is only physical. Thus
he insists on the strictist empirical
verification; and that a stimulus-
response model is sufficient to examine man.
Trolley bus long overdue
In reference to Eric Robinson's
letter to the Editor, The Ubyssey
Nov. 13, my first impression was
that he showed some intelligence in
opposing the demolition of the
Main Library, until I read his third
The man is completely off the
wall in regard to the trolley coach
issue. What does he have against
preserving our limited fossil fuels?
What does he have against peace
and quiet on campus?
His statement, "What we need
are simply more diesel buses coming
to the university more often, and no
chance to be made to University
Boulevard is irresponsible". Has he
November 20, 1980
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is In
room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Verne McDonald
Eric Eggertson was out for trout. "I'm out for trout," he said. "Why is that, Eric?" asked Mark Leiren
hyphen Young. "He's just doing it for the halibut," cried Glen Sanford, falling back onto a rather large
pile of frozen turbot. "It's bloody cold out hare, bitched permanent haddock representative Nancy
Campbell. "Put a sweater on, you tool, or you'll find that you've cod your death," Verne McDonald
commented in grandmotherly tones. "Roe, roe, roe your boat gently down the bream," crooned part
timers Steve Howard and Sue (no relation). Meanwhile, Mark Attiaha and Arne Hermann were busy
trying to open a can of red herring in heavy oil with an em ruler. "I think we've milt this one for all it's
worth," ruled Smilin' Dave, as he layed out a pectorial. "quit finnin' arund and we'll go home."
never stood behind or ridden on a
noisey smelly diesel bus and had his
hearing assaulted by the constant
roar of the engine? Has he never
tried to drive down University
Boulevard beside a bus or truck and
try to avoid being sideswiped as his
car bounces out of control over the
bumps created by the tree roots?
Before writting his letter he
should get his facts straight:
1) The Urban Transit Authority
has just this week ordered 200 new
trolley buses to replace the "old
rickety trolley buses" of which Mr.
Robinson speaks.
2) The poles that support the
wires will be camoflaged between
the trees on the Boulevard.
3) The trolley wires will be
suspended from bracket arms so
that there will be no span wires
across the centre of the Boulevard.
4) We all know that University
Boulevard is too narrow and should
have been widened years ago.
If he had searched the Ubyssey
archives he would have found that
widening University Boulevard was
an issue back in those days when I
was a freshman. The trolley coach
extension to UBC is long overdue.
Dale Laird
Metro transit bus driver
What was once often
philosophical in nature is now
catagorized under the label of social
science. The scientific method, or
some variation, is now applied to
every form of investigation.
The article further states that
whereas creationists remain adamant against change evolutionists
willingly readjust their theory with
new knowledge. It is also possible
that such willingness to readjust
results from a lack of confidence in
the theory. It is implied that creationism is fanaticism characterized
by intense, uncritical devotion; that
doubt does not exist because questions are avoided.
I was unaware, apparently, that
openness, a willingness to reexamine and re-evaluate, is peculiar
to science. The inquiry into, and examination of, the tenets of one's
life is a healthy process; furthermore it is completely compatible
with a firm commitment to specific
beliefs and values.
Creationism, according to Mr.
Shariff, does not pose a threat to
science — yet. But is examining opposite sides of an argument
threatening? Is examining — even
knowing — another view wrong?
Evolutinists, if their theory is so
correct, should welcome this examination for it will only enhance
their position.
Since science is future-oriented —
every scientific "fact" is open to inquiry, needs interpretation and
stimulates further questions — new
evidence will not quickly "prove"
evolution, nor will it "disprove"
Mr. Shariff has created a straw
man for his readers. A casual glance
reveals that it looks complete, but a
close   examination   reveals   its
substance to be woefully lacking.
Iain Higgins
Mathias Fellenz
Terry W. Breen
science 3
Origin argument
The article "Creationism'rears its
ugly head" by Shaffin Shariff in
your Nov. 14 issue was drawn to
our attention, and we would like to
make some brief comments.
Shaffin Shariff seems obsessed
with the idea that creationists are
associated with fundamentalist
religious beliefs. Nothing could be
further from the truth. Scientific
creationism fits the facts of life —
in genetics, the fossil record, the second law of thermodynamics, the
mathematical laws of probability,
etcetera — better than evolution,
and therefore should be taught as a
viable theory of the origin of life,
along with the theory of evolution.
Otherwise we might as well revert to
the Middle Ages when only pet
theories of the time were taught.
Shaffin Shariff also seems to
think that evolution is a fact and
that "the very nature of creationism
separates it from the empirical
quality of scientific inquiry."
He should read Mathews' introduction to THE ORIGIN OF
SPECIES by Charles Darwin,
published by J.M. Dent & Sons
Ltd., 1971, p xii where he says
"Most biologists accept it (evolution) as though it were a proven
fact, although this conviction rests
upon circumstantial evidence; it
forms a satisfactory faith on which
to base our interpretation of
Earl G. Hailonquist
national director
Creation Science Association
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Pen names will be used when the
writer's real name is also included
for our information in the letter and
when valid reasons for anonymity
are given.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity, legality and taste. Thursday, November 20,1980
Page 5
Organizations differ in battle against racism
Racism on rise
Racism is on the rise in this province. The most insidious aspect of
this rise is the reappearance of the
Ku Klux Klan in B.C. This
organization exists solely to deny
minority groups their rights and to
promote fascism.
The KKK has been spreading
white supremist propaganda in
Canada and its members have been
responsible for a series of racist
murders recently in the eastern U.S.
It intends to soon open recruite-
ment offices in B.C. and organize.
The KKK must be banned.
"Democracy" is not a license for
some people to deny the democratic
rights of others, nor is it a license to
incite violence. The KKK must be
opposed by a broad movement of
people of all races and nationalities.
It is only by actively opposing
racism that we can defeat it.
The B.C. Organization to Fight
against Racism (BCOFR) was
recently formed in this city. It has
been founded by activists in many
legitimate organizations which have
long defended the rights of
These organizations include: The
Chinese Benevolent Assoc; Indian
Peoples' Assoc, of N. America;
B.C. Union of Indian Chiefs; The
Canadian Farmworkers' Union;
and the Black Solidarity Assoc.
In the near future the BCOFR
will organize direct action protests
to pi1', pressure on the government
to ban the KKK.
This coming Saturday, an
organization called the "Peoples'
Front Against Racist and Fascist
Violence" will conduct a
demonstration. We will not attend
this demonstration. This "Peoples'
Front" is not a broad-based
organization with legitimate links to
Fascism attacks freedoms
minority groups as is the ECOFR.
It is, in fact, nothing more than a
front organization for a group called the "CPC-ML". The CPC-ML
has had a long history of sabotaging
progressive movements and indulging in violent fascist tactics of its
Recently, at a meeting on campus
CPC-ML chairman HardiaJ. Bains,
denounced the Canadian Farmworkers' Union and the struggle
which was conducted by the
Chinese Benevolent Assoc against
the racist W-5 documentary on
minority students. The statements
and actions of Bains have been
open  attempts  to  sabotage these
progressive movements.
The CPC-ML claims to be progressive. It is not. Through its actions, often violent, it misleads and
frightens people away from progressive activities. It breeds anti-
communism by giving a false impression of what communism is.
It is for these reasons that we say
that the KKK must be opposed
through the BCOFR and other progressive organizations and not
through the "CPC-ML" and its
"Peoples' Front".
Douglas Fleming
external affairs officer
Simon Fraser Student Society
and 2 others
Board representatives report
Believe it or not here is a report to the students
from your board of governor representatives of
UBC after six months of reporting to student council. We will attempt to keep things chronological.
May — The major issue was the reduction of
RCMP. This is one of the few issues that the
• boards, UEL Ratepayers, student council and the
local RCMP all agree upon. Unfortunately, unless
a lot of people write to their local minister asking
for an increase in RCMP staff relatively little is likely to happen.
June — Fees for parking stickers were increased,
the acute care hospital was opened and Rockwoods
was sold.
July — We were informed that increased parking
at Gage was in the students "ballcourt". So we informed the president of Gage. (Ask him for
August — The month of rest.
September — The board had a joint meeting with
Universities Council of BC. This is when UBC
presents it's budget for 1981-1982 to.UCBC. UCBC
then takes UBC's budget, SFU's, UVic's and all the
BC colleges budgets and presents them to the Provincial government for the operating grant requests.
October — Dr. Kennedy (the new administration
vice president replacing Mr. Connaghan) tells us
that there will be some expansion of the parking lot
at Vanier as soon as a suitable contract is let.
By this time a new home economics building has
started construction, (by the chemical engineering,
library processing centre and animal resources
buildings) the coal processing centre is underway
and a new bookstore proposal has been passed.
But, still no construction at Discovery Park. (Mainly because the agreement has not been completed).
 November — Tuition fees were- forced up an
average of 13 per cent for 1981-1982. A trend to
charge first years less than final years was established. The board recognized that it has insufficient information about student loans, scholarships, and
bursaries. So the board is seeking information at
the present.
There is a student council committee which is trying to handle this but if you are independent make
sure that Byron Hender, Speakeasy, the Ombudsperson or the board reps get your input.
By this time a scheme to build a berm on Wreck
Beach below the Museum of Man was approved at
a cost of $400,000 and will start in 1981. The food
services proposal to renovate and expand the SUB
facilities from April to September 1981 had been
Also the proposals for more library space were
narrowed down to a science library (where animal
and resource ecology is now) or another main
library in front of Main.
If you managed to read all that without falling
asleep you deserve a medal. Maybe you should put
in a nomination for a position on the board of
governors before Dec. 19 and show us how to do
If you have any questions contact us at 228-2050
(SUB 250) or leave a message in mailboxes 169 and
170 in SUB.
if ue com't get n- together and
Your recent editorial (Nov. 13)
consecrating the "right" of racists
and fascists to speak and organize,
and heaping abuse on the right of
militant self-defence against these
murderers as a sin against
"everyone's freedom" is an attack
on not a defence of freedoms. This
is the same sermon preached by the
social-democrats in Germany who
conciliated with Hitler's fascist
A common front exists against
the right of the people to oppose
racists and fascists such as the Ku
Klux Klan: The Ubyssey, the Vancouver Sun and other papers owned
by the billionaire Southam and
Thompson monopolies, the CBC,
the reactionary trade union bigwigs
in the B.C. Federation of Labour,
and others in these circles all say
that racists and fascists have
"rights." These sermons disarm the
people and encourage passive submission to fascist attacks.
This week an East Indian worker
reported to the People's Front
Against Racist and Fascist Violence
that he and his family had been
threatened over the telephone by an
anonymous caller who said he was a
member of the Ku Klux Klan.
According to your logic, this
racist has every right to utter violent
threats and to terrorize an innocent
family, while the workers have no
right to stop this activity. This incident, and others much more grave,
is the inevitable result of the
legitimacy you and the rest of the
news media bestow on the KKK.
In your editorial you equate the
Ku Klux Klan with the Marxist-
Leninists and sanctimoniously defend their respective "right" to free
speech. There is no similarity
whatever between the two. The Ku
Klux Klan are the fascist gans
organized by the rich to sow racial
discord and hatred among the people. The Marxist-Leninists stand for
the unity of the people against the
handful of rich parasites.
The Marxist-Leninists and other
progressive and militant people do
not have this "right" of free speech
in practice. They are constantly
harassed, arrested, attacked, sacked
from their jobs, and deported for
insisting on the "right" to oppose
the rule of the rich in this country.
In real day-to-day life it is the KKK
and other racists and fascists to
whom the state of the rich has
granted this "freedom" of speech.
The People's Front Against
Racist and Fascist Violence calls on
all the people to unite in action, to
rely on their own strength in the
battles  against   racist  and   fascist
Oh, Yoko
This past Sunday afternoon
around 4:30 while listening to the
AMS funded CITR Radio, I was
surprised to hear the voice of John
Lennon being interviewed by one of
the usual DJs at this time.
Being a life-long fan of John (and
Yoko) and the Beatles, I was initially intrigued. However, to my
dismay and displeasure I soon
realized it was merely a staged interview and that John Lennon was actually the other DJ.
Although the interview was done
in fairly good taste, it was truly a
biting piece and overly critical
especially regarding Yoko and her
role in John's music.
CITR should be more concerned
with being a progressive radio station and less concerned with tearing
down idols.
Stephen Zolf
arts 4
The state of the rich which is the
organizer and the sponsor of racist
and fascist violence must not be
counted on to defend the people.
But the KKK alone is not the
issue. It is the rich and their state
which is the issue. For, while all this
clamour is being made about the
state "banning" the KKK, this
same state of the rich is militarizing
the economy, fascisizing the state
forces, equipping the armies and
police in preparation for internal
repression and external war.
The stance of these bogus "civil
libertarians" is really against the
Marxist-Leninists and other militant progressive forces who have
declared their determined opposition to racist and fascist violence.
The People's Front Against
Racist and Fascist Violence is being
founded this Saturday, November
22, based on the following principles:
Unite in action against racist and
fascist violence!
Ku Klux Klan and other racists
and fascists have no right to speak
or organize!
Self-defence is the only way! A
demonstration will assemble at the
Georgia Street Courthouse at 4
p.m., and the founding conference
will begin at 6 p.m., 5880 Main
Street. Everyone is welcome.
Allen Soroka
UBC committee against
racist and fascist violence
Let us show you
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Many soaps, even those with
lanolin, glycerine or cold
cream, are alkaline by nature
(The opposite of your skin
which is slightly acidic.)
Alkalinity can counteract your
skin's natural acid balance
and help make it dry and taut.
Redken's Amino Pon Beauty
Bar has been scientifically
formulated without soap so
you can wash your face
without drying your skin.
This acid-balanced non-soap
is wheat-based and contains
natural protein, vitamins,
humectants and other
beneficial ingredients.
Let us introduce you to Amino
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other wonderful Redken skin
care products. Stop by our
Redken Retail Center today
and discover Redken for
Appointment Service
3644 W. 4th at Alma Page 6
Thursday, November 20,1960
H    cvc
'Tween classes
Grace Ftesber,  owner of Passacaglia  Books,
speaks on operating a gay business, noon, SUB
Supermouth debate vs. International Students
on the university should impose differential fees,
noon, SUB auditorium.
Film on footprints of the Buddha, noon, SUB
General organizational meeting, noon, SUB 211.
General meeting, all members please attend,
noon, SUB 224.
Harold Dressier speaks on standing up to serve,
noon, Chem. 250.
Quorum wanted: would students in Architecture, arts, science and social work undergraduate societies ptease attend, noon, SUB
Special activities meeting, noon, Buch. 205.
important organizational meeting, noon, SUB
Public meeting, noon, SUB 117.
Panel discussion on women in law with moderator Lorette Woolsey and six guest participants, noon, to 2 p.m., Law 169.
General meeting, noon, International House
Elliot Wetsberger leads seminar on a Canadian
composer and world music, noon. International
House upper lounge.
Spanish conversational evening, 7:30 p.m.. International House.
Talk on Baha'i related subject, 1 p.m., SUB
Final day for registration for Christmas ski trip to
Mount Bachelor. (Dec. 27 to Jan. 3.)
Business meeting, noon, SUB 115.
Supermouth vs. Craig Brooks and Bruce Ann-
strong that AMS executives are running dog
lackeys of the Wall Street imperialists, noon,
SUB auditorium.
Svend Robinson and Arthur Pape speak on the
charter of "rights," noon. Law 101/102.
Russian conversation practise, noon, Buch.
Special forum entitled We are the Party of the
Russian Revolution, noon, SUB 212.
General meeting, noon. International House
M. D. Wallace gives seminar on armaments
burden in the third world, noon to 3:30 p.m.. International House upper lounge.
Science cooler, 4 to 8 p.m., SUB 207/209.
Social night, beer, wine, and cheese, 7 p.m.,
SUB party room.
Party with beer and pizza, slide show and grad
presentations, 7 p.m., SUB 215.
Party open to members and guests, 8 p.m..
Graduate Student Centre garden room.
Men's Buchannan badminton series, 9 a.m. to 4
p.m., gyms A and B.
Food fair, members $3 and non-members $3.50,
5:X to 7 p.m.. International House lounge.
Cultural art display, 7 to 10 p.m.. International
House 400.
Open volleyball game, 7:30 p.m., Osborne Centre gym A.
Clark Doafvro
fo fhe rescue
It's a toothache, ifs a cavity, it's
a headache, no, ifs Supermouth.
Rocketed to earth as a molar when
the decent denture Crapped-on exploded, Supermouth in the guise of
wild-mannered Lance Lobotomy
has been fighting anything he can
sink his teeth into. But now ifs time
for Lance to slip into his underwear
and come out of the closet.
Yes, Supermouth is debating
again at 12:30 today in the SUB
auditorium. This time the debating
society will be challenging the International students on the topic,
"The university should not impose
differential fees."
Nope, I guess it really was just an
ingrown wisdom tooth.
Supermouth bites again in the
SUB auditorium at noon Friday
when it takes on Bruce Armstrong
Hot flashes
and Craig Brooks on the issue the
student council executive are running dog lackeys of the wall street
Help the grud*
First they called in the Lone
Ranger. He couldn't find 'em. Then
they called in Sherlock Holmes. He
couldn't find 'em. Next they called
in the Batman. He couldn't find 'em
either. So finally they called in The
Ubyssey, guardian of the free
world, to see if we could find 'em.
Our job is to find students in architecture, arts, science and social
work undergraduate societies or get
their already appointed representatives to come to a meeting in the
SUB council chambers today at
10-9-8-7-6-5. . .
The rocket will be blasting off in
ten seconds. Runl
Student Representatives to serve on the Board of
Governors and the Senate.
This notice is a call for nominations for full-time students to run for
election for the following positions: —
SENATE - SEVENTEEN students (five
at-large and one from each faculty)
Nomination forms giving full details of the requirements of nominations are available in the Registrar's Office, the A.M.S. Office (Room
266 S.U.B.), and in the offices of the Student Undergraduate
Societies and the Graduate Student Association.
Nominations must be In the hands of tha Registrar no later
than 4:00 p.m. on Friday, December 19, 1990.
hair studio inc.
Make an appointment today
and give your head a rest.
224-1922     ^
(3      224-9116     ■
Tomorrow is your last chance to
sign up for the UBC Ski club's trip
to Mount Bachelor in Bend,
Oregon. The trip will be from Dec.
27 to Jan. 2, and all students and
friends are welcome for a mere $225
By the way, the rocket is for
those of you who would rather go
to Titan. It is blasting off from the
SUB cafeteria. Tickets are available
at . . . oops, the ten seconds are
up, maybe you'd better sign up for
the ski trip.
Bicycles for all the
family this Christmas
Children's as low as
5706 University Blvd.,
Thurs., Fri. and Sat. 7:00
Fri., Sat., 9:30; Sun. 7:00
$1.00 per showing
SUB Auditorium
Gym night, 8:30 p.m.. Winter Sports gym A.
Skating, tickets available in SUB 23S, »1 for
members, »1.60 for non-members, 8:46 to 11
p.m.. Winter Sports Centre main rink.
Men's Buchannan badminton series, 9 a.m. to 4
p.m., gyms A and B.
David Sereda in concert, 9 p.m.. Music Building
recital hall.
Film on American foreign policy in the Philippines: This Bloody Blundering Business, noon,
Buch. 205.
Poetry reading by Saakatchewan's Anne Szu-
migalski, sponsored by the league of Canadian
poets, 8 p.m., Buch. penthouse.
Marxist literature and discussion, 11:30 a.m. to
1:30 p.m., SUB main concourse.
Dr. Rowat speaks on preventive research, noon,
IRC 1.
Singing, prayer and fellowship meeting, noon,
SUB 211.
Fourth annual square dance and dinner, 6:30
p.m., SUB ballroom.
Memorial Gym Circuit
And Weight Room
Please note that the circuit and weight room facilities are now
open only during the following hours:
8:00 a.m. - 11:00 p.m. Monday
8:00 a.m. - 8:00 p.m. Tues., Wed., Thurs., Fri.
12:00 p.m. - 11:00 p.m. Sat.
12:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. Sunday
These facilities may be used, by students, staff and Faculty
only on presentation of UBC Library card or Rec. UBC
Nominations are now open for
1. 2 Student Council Representatives
2. Vice President
3. Treasurer
4. Academic Coordinator
5. Advertising Coordinator
Anyone interested in getting involved with the A.U.S.
should apply in Buch. 107
Nominations Close Nov. 24
Elections (if necessary) Nov. 28
Info and nomination forms available in Buch 107
RATES? Campos - 3 lines, 1 day tt.SO; addition*! lines. 36c.
Commereial - 3 lines, 1 day 43.30; additional lines
SOc. Addrttenal days $3.00 and 46c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and ere payable in
advance. Deadline is tt:0Oa.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Boom241, S.U.B., UBC, Van, B.C. WT2AS
6 — Coming Events
Nov. 22 8:30 p.m. - 1:00 a.m.
4600 Arbutus St.
4500 sq. ft. floor
Live Music Refreshments
$12.00 Couple Single Groups Welcome
RESERVE   433-1875
10 — For Sale — Commercial
11 — For Sale — Private
1400.00 pair, Sony STR-V6 Receiver,
700.00; Package Price 1800.00 o.b.o. Call
cond., with slim profile case, 150.00 Room
668 224-9072.
66 — Scandals
SF SOC. PRESENTS Soytent Green with
Charlton Heston Friday Nov. 2812:30 $1.00
Sub Aud.
80 — Tutoring
WANTED: chemistry 115 tutor; experience
in tutoring preferred. Call Lynne at 224-9015
anytime after seven p.m.
TRUMPET TEACHER for all levels. Lessons
on or off campus. Contact Neil Hunter at
85 — Typing
TYPING PLUS. Peter 731-9752.
ESSAYS. THESES. MANUSCRIPTS. Including technical equational, reports,
letters, resume*. Fast, accurate. Bilingual. Clemy 288-9841.
edited, polished, and typed. Published
author. Reasonable rates. 685-9535 evenings.
HAVING PROBLEMS with your written
English? Essays insightfully edited,
scrupulously proofread and competently
typed. Reasonable rates. 224-1582.
EXPERT  TYPING.   Essays, term  papers,
factums   $0.85.   Theses, manuscripts,
letters,   resumes  $0.85 +. Fast accurate
typing. 266-7710.
TYPING SERVICE for theses, correspondence, etc. Any field. French also available.
IBM Selectric. Call 736-4042.
TYPING. $.80 per page. Fast and accurate. Experienced typist. Phone Gordon
90 - Wanted
IS ANYONE INTERESTED in tutoring computer programming (basic)? I have Apple II
plus 48K and need some directions. Tel.
HAVE A FLIGHT to Toronto booked Dec.
13th. Would like to exchange for a later
flight. Call Mike at 731-6401 after 10 p.m.
ONE PAIR 15" radial snow tires preferably
mounted on Ford rims. Phone Randy
224-9066. Thursday, November 20,1980
Page 7
A deal for you
It puzzles me why university
students cannot recognize a good
deal when diey see one. The UBC
ski club is sponsoring two ski trips
this year and both trips have lots of
space left.
The Christmas ski trip is to
Mount Bachelor, Oregon and will
run from December 27, 1980 to
January 2, 1981.
The resort has eight chairlifts servicing a variety of runs. It is on a
volcano located on the edge of the
Three Sisters Wilderness Area. The
price is only $225 and includes six
days skiing, accomodation, cooking
facilities (kitchenettes), and
transportation (chartered bus). The
final day for registration is Monday, Nov. 24.
The second ski trip is to Alta and
Snowbird in Utah. It will run from
February 14 to February 21;, 1981.
Snowbird   and   Alta   combined
have 13 chairlifts and ore aerial
The price ($555) reflects the
quality of the skiing, however do
not let this fool you. This price includes everything (food, accomodation, bus transfers, airfare, lift
tickets for six days). Ycu must
register for this trip by Nov. 28.
These trips are open to all university and college students and their
guests. If you want more information about these trips, or if you
want to register, drop by the ski
club office in SUB 210 during lunch
hour or call Andrew at 224-6232
after hours.
Andrew L. Wilkins
geology 4
Wanted: photogs
But why lot webslfegleg pfcofogs
get off tfce glory? We Meed
reporters wee com break tfce frig
oees, sports writers amd cartooeists
tee. See you ee tee froet page.
SUB 14 IK.
Prints from Slides
.30 each
.46 each
5x7Color Enlargement $1.49each)
from negatives or slides ]
Kodak paper.
Rx-the good look.
#3-4480 West 10th Avenue
Vancouver, B.C.
The process of peasant revolution
beginning in El Salvador
The film El Salvador: Revolution or Death was
shown Tuesday night at International House. This
film, funded by the World Council of Churches, painfully depicts the curse of repression in El Salvador.
About 50 people watched the film and most, if not
all, were visibly shocked by what they saw and heard
— unarmed people being gunned down in the street —
men, woman, and children being arrested for no other
reason except that they are peasants, union leaders being murdered.
The only way the government can control the people
is by violence. Slowly the4?eople unite and revolt, and
the military uses more violence, and the progression of
'revolution' begins.
In a moving section of the film one revolutionary
states that "a revolutionary loves life, but sometimes
he must loose or take life. A revolutionary loves
children but he must watch children die; sometimes
from bullets, sometimes from hunger. A revolutionary
loves peace but sometimes he must fight."
■ The film cites case after case of the Salvadorean people being subjected to torture and other military
The film was followed by a talk, and discussions
with, Gonzalo Martin, coordinator of CUSO in Latin
America. As he walked before the group he was visibly
moved by the film. It was the first time he had seen it.
He "had to close his eyes during some parts of the film
because it hit so close to home."
He has seen this type of oppression in Peru and
throughout Latin America. He questioned the
amount of good developmental aid can do in these
horrific situations; because international developmental policy is to lessen conflict — not increase it.
He maintains, however, that aid does do good. In
organizing the aid in conjunction with local committees, Martin claims that the people of Latin America
see democracy in action.
The local groups run the projects — (CUSO) assists
in a technical aspect. In this way Martin suggests that
CUSO workers are at least helping to raise the consciousness or awareness of the people without getting
directly involved in any kind of struggle.
Martin also spoke on what he called "industrial
violence", the exploitation of cheap labour by foreign
imperialist powers. When questionned further about
this, he explained the obvious: "the tyranny of money
is very great."
The struggle for democracy in El Salvador is a struggle for human rights. By remaining silent in Canada
Martin claims that we are supporting the actions of oppression taking place in Latin America today.
The Central America Support Committee is staging
a protest for human rights in El Salvador in front of
the courthouse Sat. Nov. 22 and they invite any interested students to participate.
Tricia Roche
arts 2 Page 8
Thursday, November 20,1980
Hie plight of B.C.'s farmworkers
Anand Partwardtiam looks at the fight the Canadian
Farmworkers Union faces to organize poverty'
stricken farm workers.
Reprinted from Canadian University Press
Fraser Valley a seven-month-old
East Indian child drowned in a
bucket of water. The bucket was the drinking
water supply of one of sixteen families inhabiting a converted barn on a fruit farm.
The death sparked an inquest into the living
conditions of immigrant farm labouring
families in the fruit belt. The media had
begun to cover such issues since April 6,
1980, when B.C. farmworkers formed the
first farmworkers' union in the country, the
Canadian Farmworkers' Union. For the first
time in 15 years the plight of the Fraser
Valley's 10,000 East Indian and Chinese
farmworkers came into the public eye.
Anand Patwardhan is a filmmaker and a
student at McGill. His best-known film,
Prisoners of Conscience, which portrays the
repressive nature of the Indira Ghandhi
regime, both before and during the Emergency in India, has been distributed internationally.
Patwardhan spent the summer making a
film about B.C. 's farmworkers. The following narrative is an account of his observations during the past two months.
It is 5 a.m. and raining mildly. We are at
Pritam Kaur's home in East Vancouver — a
two-room basement with no access to the
sun, for which she pays more than a third of
her four to five thousand dollar annual income as a farmworker.
We are an unlikely gathering here this morning. Martin (cameraman), Nettie (sound
"Look at my aides. See the
swelliig. My back is ii pail.
I take headache pills. Hat is
what fannwork is abort. If I
had laowi whei I was still
ii taulia that Caiada meait
just Mother field to
work ii..."
recordist) and Jim (co-director) speak in
English. I speak in Hindi. Pritam and her son
Sarwan, who have just woken up, speak
mainly in Punjabi with occasional Hindi and
English words thrown in. They understand
me and I them.
They know that we are making a film on
the condition of farmworkers and that we
support the Canadian Farmworkers Union
which has recently been formed, so they are
eager to speak out to us of their hardships.
The day has already begun for them. Sarwan
is getting ready to go to work in a sawmill.
He is separated and his 5-year-old son Neki
will go to the fields with Pritam as they have
no baby-sitter. Pritam's work day begins
earliest of all. She is preparing lunch and dinner for the family at the same time, for when
she returns at 9 p.m. tonight she will be too
exhausted to do anything but eat and sleep.
Sarwan, whose job at the sawmill is a com
paratively lighter one, does not seem to help
with the housework, which he probably considers to be the task of women.
Pritam is one of the fastest pickers on the
work force in the Fraser Valley. Proudly she
displays to us a card with many holes punched in it. Yesterday she picked a record 31 flats
in one 11-hour stretch earning $69 at $2.25
per flat. For every flat she filled, Joginder the
labour contractor whose main job was to
transport her and other workers in his van,
earned 75c. Yesterday he garnered $23 from
Pritam's toils alone, plus that of the 50 other
workers he also transported.
Pritam beams a smile at us, "They (the
fanners and contractors) prefer employing us
over white workers, because we are much
It is the peak season now and this year the
berry crop has been excellent. Temporarily
the pickings are good. Soon however, the
crop will thin out, and even Pritam will be
lucky to pick more than 10 flats a day. Slower
pickers will not be brought to work at all.
This season with some luck, working seven
days a week, 9 to 11 hours a day, Pritam will
have earned about the minimum wage. Many
other workers will average not more than
$1,50 an hour.
'*Do you enjoy farmwork?" She looks at
me incredulously. "Look at ray ankles. See
the swelling. My back is in pain. I take
headache pills. That is what farmwork is
about. If only I had known when I was still in
India that Canada meant just another field to
work in . . ."
Jwala Singh Grewal? With his white
beard and imposing figure he looks
a little like the calendar picture of Guru
Nanak (religious leader of the Sikhs) which
hangs from his wall. He too speaks only Punjabi, but understands Hindi. At 65 years of
age, he is still a farmworker and vice-
president of the Canadian Farmworkers'
Union (CFU). We go to the back of the
house where last night, vandals smashed
Jwala's parked car. They sliced open the tires
and threw empty beer bottles through the
windows of his house.
"I never had enemies. People in the community have always been respectful. But now
the union has vicious opponents. They phoned Raj (Chouhan president of the CFU) and
Charan (Gill secretary) and threatened to kill
them if they continued working for the
union. They smashed the windows of our office. Now this. But we don't scare so easily.
Next time they come, I'll be ready for them."
"White farmers exploiting us to make a
profit, at least that sounds plausible. But
these contractors — they are the real scum.
They exploit their own kind. I suppose the
color is not what counts. Big fish will always
eat small fish."
farms in the Okanagan where an
organizer from the CFU has been
sent to make initial contact with the workers.
In the distance we spot a worker, a young
Chinese boy spraying peach saplings with a
hand-held spray pump. The CFU organizer
calls out to him. "What are you spraying?"
"I don't know," he replies. He wears no
mask, and the spray is being blown back in
his face. The CFU organizer explains the
dangers of pesticide and cautions the worker
to insist on being supplied a mask by his
employer.  .
shackle cabins near the fields, in
one of which, an infant recently
drowned in a pail of water while her mother
worked in the fields nearby. These cabins are
reputed to be traditionally overcrowded and
unhygienic, without drinking water facilities.
The farmer bars the way into the cabin. It
can only be filmed from the outside. Later,
when no one is around, we pick up a quick
shot of the inside of an empty cabin.
I am sitting by the roadside a mile away
from Jensen's mushroom farm. Jim, Martin
and Nettie are pretending to be a television
crew so as to get access onto the farm and interview Jensen. My presence on the crew
would make the fanners suspicious. By now
Jim and I have developed certain tactics to
facilitate our work. He handles the growers
and contractors, pretending to be neutral. I
talk to the workers, where our partisanship is
already known and can only lead to greater
intimacy and insight into their conditions.
Ninety percent of the workers at Jensen's
are members of the CFU. The Union has applied for its first certification as an authorized trade union at Jensen's. The company, a
subsidiary of the giant Moneys Mushroom
cannery, has employed the foremost aati-
labour law firm, Russell and Dumont, to
challenge the CFU at the Labour Relations
Board. The union's case is being argued by
volunteer lawyers from the progressive B.C.
Law Union.
Jensen is on guard against the media. He
will not speak about the union but refers Jim
to bis lawyers. He does have one comment to
make about his workers, however. "If they
don't like it here, they are free to quit."
The LRB has ruled that the CFU
is legally authorized to represent
the workers at Jensen's mushroom farm. The
victory is doubly sweet as it has been won
jointly by both white and East Indian
workers who resisted the management's efforts to divide them racially.
I have left a victory celebration at home to
go to a folk concert. As I return at midnight
there is a crowd and an ambulance outside.
Sarwan Boal (treasurer of the CFU) is lying
in his blood on the street. He is barely conscious. A fellow organizer describes what
happened. Stuart, Terry (white workers from
Jensen's) and Sarwan (all slightly high) were
shouting in the street "Long Live the CFU."
Four white youths emerged from a pool hall
and attacked Sarwan, calling him a "dirty
Hindu." They kicked him in the face with
their boots. On being intercepted by Stuart
and Terry, they ran away. But before Stuart
and Terry could intervene, Sarwan had
already been injured. Now Stuart and Terry
are in a rage. "They attacked out brother, we
are going to kill them."
Jim is on the scene. He stays behind to
pacify Stuart and Terry saying that the police
have already arrived and it will do no good to
take direct physical action. I follow the ambulance carrying Sarwan to the hospital
where he will be discharged the next day with
four stitches and a month's worth of body
and head injuries. The film has been forgotten.
of our film stock. We have spent all
our personal savings, cut all the
corners possible, imposed ourselves on all
our friends, but the film does not feel complete. We have filmed workers, contractors,
growers, union organizers, a public rally addressed by U.S. farmworker union leader
Cesar Chavez in support of the CFU, and
many other events but we lack a real climax
to end on. Now an opportunity has arisen
with plans for a CFU led demonstration at
the Clearbrook farming area against the
system of contract labour. The Union is
demanding that hiring halls replace the
parasitic labour contractor.
The weather is bright and sunny, and the
demonstration is big. Many members of the
CFU have turned out as well as supporters
from amongst the labor movement, students,
It is a day of celebratioi.
He victory is doibly sweet
as it has beea woi joirtly
by both white aid East bdiai
workers who resisted He
maiagemeit's efforts to
divide them racially.
lawyers, even a priest. Though it is Saturday
farmworkers are in the fields working. In the
past while many workers have secretly pledged their support to the union, they have been
afraid to come out in public where a farmer
or contractor might see them, for fear of losing their jobs. As we pass field after field,
shouting slogans "Canadian Farmworkers
Union Zindabad (Long Live the C.F.U.)"
and "Farmworkers Unite and Fight", they
stop work and stand up. They smile. We
don't have permission to stop at any one
farm as that would be considered a picket.
Suddenly a roar goes up from the
demonstrators up ahead. A worker has come
out of the fields to join the march. We rush
ahead to catch it on film. It is Pritam Kaur.
She is dancng and screaming, "The Union is
here to stay!" Behind her in the distance, a
group of five women and two children are
running out of the fields.


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