UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 25, 1977

Item Metadata


JSON: ubysseynews-1.0128812.json
JSON-LD: ubysseynews-1.0128812-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): ubysseynews-1.0128812-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: ubysseynews-1.0128812-rdf.json
Turtle: ubysseynews-1.0128812-turtle.txt
N-Triples: ubysseynews-1.0128812-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: ubysseynews-1.0128812-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 4, 1977
Kenny hits Soroka with reprimand
Law librarian Al Soroka
received an official reprimand
Thursday from administration
president Doug Kenny, ending
Kenny's threats to dismiss him.
But Soroka vowed to fight in
legal channels the reprimand for
his protest of the October visit of
South African MP Harry Schwarz.
"I regard your action as misconduct, which, in my judgment,
would ordinarily merit the
severest sanction," Kenny said in
a letter delivered to Soroka
"Considering all the facts
however, I believe a lesser disciplinary action is justified. I
therefore officially reprimand
you for your conduct in this affair," said Kenny.
But Soroka said Kenny's letter
is "a very serious blow to
academic freedom in Canada,
and shows that he doesn't care at
all   for  the   sentiments   of   the
students and staff on campus,
many of whom denounced his
tactics in public.
"This is an injury to my career
and a threat to all others
similarly situated. I intend to
seek legal remedies."
But he said the fact he had
escaped dismissal "is a victory
for those who stood up. President
Kenny and all reactionaries have
not heard the last of Al Soroka."
The letter from Kenny arrived
only hours after Soroka gained
the support of the Law Students'
Association in a meeting during
which Soroka delivered a
strongly-worded address.
Kenny had threatened in
earlier correspondence to discipline Soroka by dismissal or
other action.
Kenny's letter strongly attacked Soroka's conduct.
Soroka is an outspoken supporter of the Communist Party of
Canada (Marxist-Leninist).
"On the evidence before me,"
Kenny said, "I am satisfied that,
together with several other
persons, you actively attempted
to prevent and effectively succeeded in preventing Mr. Schwarz from being heard by the
audience. This behavior far
exceeded any form of heckling,
even extreme heckling, that a
speaker on controversial subjects
can expect to endure."
A group of demonstrators at
Schwarz's speech drowned him
out by shouting, "Fascists have
no right to speak."
"I conclude, then, that you did
in fact actively participate in (1)
depriving Mr. Schwarz of his
right to speak freely and (2)
denying those who attended the
lectures their right to hear the
Kenny said the issue is not the
political beliefs of Soroka or Schwarz, but whether one individual
has the right to deny freedom of
Vol. LIX, No. 53        VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1977     *€HS»>4S   228-2301
speech to another in a lecture
sponsored by the university.
His letter also cited a senate
resolution condemning the disruptions and the Canadian
Library Association's policy on
intellectual freedom, which were
mentioned in his earlier letters
"For these reasons, I must
conclude that you interfered with
the freedom of speech of a lecture- speaking at the university
with full awareness that such
conduct was contrary to accepted
principles of the university and of
your   professional   association."
Soroka said he plans to fight the
reprimand with Faculty
Association regulations, the
Human Rights Code and
whatever other means his
lawyers advise.
"This reprimand may be intended to intimidate me but I am
not intimidated."
The LSA passed a resolution at
its meeting stating an employer
Seepage 13:  SOROKA
Council joins tuition chorus
— matt king photo
hands out protest buttons
B.C.'s three public universities must
consider a substantial tuition fee increase if
they want to maintain current standards,
according to the B.C. Universities Council
1977 budget report.
Figures in the report, released Thursday,
show UBC will be about $14.8 million short of
its original budget request of $126.1 million.
UBC will receive an operating grant of
$111.3 million — about 60 per cent of the
$184.5 million allocated to universities in the
1977-78 provincial education budget.
Simon Fraser University will receive $41.2
million and the University of Victoria will
get $31.9 million.
According to the report, student fees and
other revenues will make up the difference
between requested and actual amounts.
Moe Sihota, student representative on
UBC's board of governors, said Thursday
either enrolment will have to increase
substantially, or tuition fees will have to
He said revenue from tuition fees for 1976-
77 was about $10.8 million.
"I would say, based on those figures
(contained in the report), fees will have to
rise by about $200. But I don't think they'll
go up by that amount," he said.
"I think the university will cut back about
$1 million in some services, faculties,
teaching assistants, and so on. And as well,
they'll increase tuition by about 30 per cent.
"This would mean a student in arts, for
example, would pay a basic tuition fee rate
of about $560. This doesn't include Alma
Mater Society fees.
"The other thing they (the board) might
decide to do is increase fees by 20 per cent
and then have a greater increase, perhaps
as much as 40 to 45 per cent, for students in
professional schools such as law, medicine,
engineering and so on."
"My and Basil's (Peters, theother student
representative on the board) job is to try to
influence the extent of the increases. A hell
of a lot's going to depend on the Tuesday
anti-tuition increase rally.
"My personal opinion is the board should
send   the    budget   back    to    Victoria
(Education minister Pat) McGeer gave us
this headache — let him fix it."
Universities Council chairman William
Armstrong said Thursday the government
Students will rally against tuition
UBC students are split on the question of
whether to support Tuesday's rally against
tuition fee increases, according to a
Ubyssey survey.
About half the 18 students interviewed
Thursday said they will attend the tuition
fee rally on main mall at noon.
Most of the students interviewed said the
effectiveness of the rally will depend on the
number of people attending it.
"If a lot of people show up, they (the
government) will see that many people are
affected by fee increases, but if few people
turn out, they'll think that no one is interested," said Denise Wood, arts 1.
Some of the students didn't think the rally,
even if well attended, would have any effect
on the university's impending decision to
raise tuition fees. The UBC board of
governors will decide on tuition fee increases at a meeting Tuesday afternoon.
"The government made their decision,
and they'renot going to change it because of
any rally," said Al Thibodeau, science 1.
"(Education minister Pat) McGeer's a
pretty insensitive person," said Vic
Williams, forestry 4. "He ignored all the
rallies against car insurance increases, and
there's a lot less people affected by tuition
Opinions on tuition fee increases were
split evenly.
"Fees are high enough as it is. I just
scrape by on what I'm earning now," said a
student who wished to remain anonymous.
And Jim Fraser, arts 4, said: "Raising
fees would simply amplify the situation that
exists now. Students from wealthy
backgrounds, say, someone from West Van
is a lot more likely to go on to university
than someone from East Van."
"I don't think there should be tuition fees
at all," said Cill Cameron, science 4. "A
raise would really affect me."
"Tuition is high enough. Why don't they
firpnaop  V    RPAPTIOM
will vote on the allocations "within the next
couple of weeks. But with the majority they
have, there should be no problem getting it
The report asks that "fee increases be
accompanied by a highly effective student
aid program to ensure that individuals of
limited means but ample scholastic ability
are not deprived of the opportunity to secure
a university education "
The council also set out five funding
criteria, identifying them as "areas
warranting increasing attention in the
future." The report says the areas will be
emphasized when the council reviews
funding requests for 1978-79.
One of the areas is faculty service loads.
The report says, "a definition of a standard
service load in terms of hours devoted to
teaching, preparation, research, administration and public service should be
The council recommends those faculty
members not engaged in research activities
"of demonstrated quality or high promise"
carry increased teaching loads.
Connected with the area of faculty is the
criterion of recognition of demographic
The council did not make any recommendations about faculty, but said it "views
with some concern the prospect that the
coming decade of limited growth in . . .
enrolment may result in the aging of a
relatively immobile faculty, accompanied
by steadily increasing salary costs and
without proportionate gains in contribution."
The council report says universities must
ensure opportunities are given to younger
people in the fields of university teaching
and research.
The report urges reduction of course offerings in little demand and elimination of
courses in disciplines where "unnecessary
duplication" exists in the province.
To have the financial means to offer innovative programs, universities must avoid
unnecessary duplication of courses and
"curbproliferation of undergraduate course
offerings in traditional programs."
The council recommends teaching
methods be examined, and that audio-visual
and computerized media be used as
teaching aids.
The report urges universities to take
advantage of "current and emerging
technology without losing other values."
Finally, the report says universities are
responsible for maintaining high standards.
"If high standards reduce enrolments
while increasing the quality of graduates,
the net cost to the public could be lower, and
the benefit to the university student and the
public could be greater."
Jack Diamond, SFU chancellor, said
Thursday: "I'm very upset over it (the
allocation). It's not very much and it's not
going to get the job done."
Although L'BC received the highest
allocation, SFU received a 9.3 per cent increase over the 1976-77 allocation, the
highest increase in allocations to any of the
three universities.
UBC administration president Doug
Kenny   was   not   available   for   comment Page   2
Friday, February 25, 197?
CITR gets cable
UBC's student radio station
CITR will finally begin broadcasting on FM cable this weekend.
CITR president Richard Saxton
said Thursday the station will
begin broadcasting at 89.5 FM and
will reach 200,000 homes in Van-
Now you, too, can learn Sportuguese in the privacy of your own
Ubyssey office, in your spare time!
Yes, the Ubyssey sports staff
(currently consisting of two poor,
hard-working, beleaguered souls)
needs fresh troops.
If you want to be a sports
reporter, come on up to SUB 241K
and talk to sports editor Paul
Wilson or Ralph Maurer.
couver. Cablevision clients will
have to hook their cable to their
radios to receive the station, he
CITR applied to the Canadian
Radio and Television Commission
in January for permission to use
the facilities of a local cable
Saxton said CITR will become
the third Canadian university to be
carried on FM cable. Carleton
University in Ottawa and the
University of Manitoba in Winnipeg also have FM broadcasting
Friday, February 25th, 1977
SUB Theatre
NEW! from
a & bsound
price only
Pink Floyd
DARK — Bruce
Boz Scaggs
■. Streisand A K. Kristoffenoa
LOVE AT THE GREEK—   Neil Diamond—     2 LPs, only        *]■
566 SEYMOUR ST. °Pen Thursday & Friday Until 9 p.
at A.M.S.  Business Office,  Room 266, S.U.B. until
4:00 p.m. March 9th, 1977.
Applications available at S.U.B. 246 & 266.
Hi-Fi Super Buys
The Mercedes of quality amplifiers.
The Lux L-30 Is conservatively
rated at 32 watts RMS per channel
at 8 ohms with less than 0.05%
THD!!! For those who require ttfe
clearest sound reproduction.
Loaded with features like
SLIDERS etc. Plus amazing
performance. 0.09% WRMS
wow & flutter (NAB), 40 to
15,000 Hz (+ 3dB) freq.
response, up to 62dB S/N ratio.
KA3500 amp
Latest electronic technology
yields superior performance
from Kenwood. This amp puts
out 40 watts RMS per channel
minimum output at 8 ohms
from 20 to 20,000 Hz with less
than 0.2% total harmonic
100 V
Time and time again, these
speakers have been top-rated for
their accuracy In sound
reproduction. Drop In and
audition the EPIlOOs and
discover why they are so highly
thought of. Available in walnut
veneer finish at slightly higher
the mv*d afpnoeh m fM.fc/y
KR-4600 AM/FM receiver
This low distortion receiver Is
ideal for powering top quality
speakers 30 watts RMS min X2
at 8 ohms from 20-20,000 Hz.
Amazing   stereo   FM  reception.
RX152Mk II receiver
NEW STOCK! More powerful!
15 watts rms min per channel at
8 ohms full band. Built-in
dyna-quad adaptor. Many other
features similar to unit recently
top rated by leading consumer
magazine. Limited quantity
TP 1800 stereo turntable
with automatic return
Belt-drive turntable with
synchronous motor. Balanced S
shaped tonearm for better
tracking. Automatic shut-off,
damped cueing. 2 years parts
and labor warranty. Complete
with quality magnetic cartridge,
walnut finish base and hinging
dust cover.
Factory seconds with minor
cabinet finish defects. Fully
guaranteed. "Best Buy" rated
by independent consumer
magazine. These acoustic
suspension speakers offer
phenomenal bass and extended
high range, 100 watts RMS
power handling capability.
"SUPER BUY"„,_ ._
AT ONLY $69.99
High performance belt drive
turntable with automatic
tonearm return and shut off.
Includes HIGH TRACK Shure
magnetic cartridge.
More Sound for Your Money
2803 W. Broadway (at MacDonald) 736-7771
Friday, I
The Pa
up its pn
the Trid
Bangor, 1
the last :
And F
served 6C
group p
the PLC
tawato c
Credit M
Bob Skel
MLAs cc
poses it.
The mi
[      The So
I   down on
;   Indian h
:   Delbert i
court if i
•       "Wew.
and live
made," 1
;      "We'n
:   pressure
they kee
have to |
the type
the   Ami
claim, hi
The ba
letter it :
Allan Wil
■ claims, b
next, Gui
The M
last   yes
They a
Indian af]
. discussio:
the two gi
The pr<
how to de
"I  thir
The fet
action on
claim ant
to settle.'
The bai
firm of Gi
its legal
MLA for
mavor of
One of t
band's cl.
UEL is In
as they v.
The bar
MLAs anc
he said.
The bai
from opp
NDP faile
Indian lai
leader   D
leader Sci Friday, February 25, 1977
Page 3
PLC campaigns against Trident
The Pacific Life Community is stepping
up its protests against the construction of
the Trident nuclear submarine base in
Bangor, Wash.
PLC spokesman Peter Chapman said
Thursday community members have spent
the last six weeks in Victoria lobbying in
support of a non-partisan motion condemning the multi-billion dollar weapons
And PLC member Shelly Douglass, just
released from a Washington jail where she
served 60 days for a Trident protest, said the
group plans a "summer of non-violent
As a third prong in the anti-Trident battle,
the PLC plans to send six members to Ot-
. tawa to convince MPs to oppose the weapons
Chapman said he thinks the provincial
anti-Trident motion, prepared by Social
Credit MLA Cyril Shelford and NDP MLA
Bob Skelly, will pass because only one of 45
MLAs contacted by the group actively opposes it. Of 55 MLAs, education minister Pat*
McGeer is the only member contacted who
opposed the motion.
The motion condemns the Trident base in
Band pressure
will start soon
to settle claim
The Social Credit government has backed
down on a campaign promise to settle B.C.
Indian land claims, Musqueam band chief
Delbert Guerin said Thursday.
The,.band will take the government to
court if necessary to settle its claim to the
University endowment Lands, Guerin said.
"We want to make this government sit up
and live up to some of the promises they
made," he said.
"We're going to have to start putting
pressure on them to get some attention. If
they keep ignoring us we're just going to
have to go the legal route," said Guerin.
The band may also have to consider using
the type of disruptive tactics employed by
the American Indian Movement if the
governments refuse to discuss the land
claim, he said.
The band is still waiting for a reply to a
% letter it sent in January to labor minister
Allan Williams, responsible for Indian land
claims, before it decides what steps to take
next, Guerin said.
The Musqueam band had two meetings
last year with the "Liberal-Socred"
Williams, as Guerin called him.
They also had one meeting with federal
Indian affairs minister Warren Allmand last
November, Guerin said.
Williams and Allmand had one general
discussion of B.C. Indian land claims last
November but nothing came of it, he said.
"One way or the other we're going to get
the two governments together with us at the
negotiating table," Guerin said.
The provincial government doesn't know
how to deal with the Musqueam claim, said
"I think that the basic thing is it's
something bigger than they're capable of
handling," he said.
The federal government is also stalling
action on the claim, he said. "We do have a
claim and they're realizing they don't want
to settle."
The band is retaining the Vancouver law
firm of Gardom, Volrich and Wark to handle
its legal affairs. Garde Gardom is Socred
MLA for Point Grey and Jack Volrich is
mayor of Vancouver.
One of the firm's lawyers, Bob Eades, said
Thursday he could not comment on the
band's claim.
Guerin said signs notifying the public the
UEL is Indian land were pulled down as fast
as they were put up last week.
The band is trying to get the public to ask
MLAs and MPs to negotiate the land claim,
he said.
The band is also trying to gain support
from opposition parties in the provincial
legislature, Guerin said. But he said the
NDP failed to live up to its promise to settle
Indian land claims after being elected in
Guerin said the band has talked to NDP
leader Dave Barrett and Conservative
leader Scott Wallace.
Bangor, 100 miles south of Vancouver, and
"any Russian equivalent." Shelford and
Skelly proposed similar motions last year
but the legislature never voted on them.
Jim Douglass, another PLC member who
served a three-month term in a Washington
jail in connection with a fence-cutting incident at the Bangor submarine base, said
the Trident system violates international
Douglass said: "There's a real
relationship between going to jail and the
legislation because Trident's in violation of
international law.
"Our federal government and the B.C.
government have both failed to take any
stand and in the absence of the government
taking the responsibility, we've had to take
the responsibility, so we've had to go to
Douglass said the Trident submarine base
is  against  international  law  because  it
violates the Nuremberg agreements, the
Geneva Conventions and the Nuclear Non-
Proliferation Treaty.
The Nuremberg agreements condemn
preparation for war and the Trident submarine has a first-strike capacity, he said.
By 1979 Bangor will be the home of at least
10 550-foot nuclear submarines. They are
designed to each carry 408 individually-
guided nuclear warheads capable of
reaching their target — without interception
— from 6,000 miles away.
A first-strike weapon is one which has the
potential to destroy the enemy's nuclear
arms supply at one blow.
Douglass said the Geneva conventions ban
means of war which kill civilians on a
massive scale. He said Trident is capable of
such destruction.
The U.S. government has signed the
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which
says the leading nuclear powers must not
escalate the arms race, he said. But the
construction of Trident is an escalation, he
The PLC has also protested the construction of two boat- and missile-loading
cranes by Heede International Ltd. in Port
Moody. The Canadian Commercial Corporation, a federal crown corporation,
helped Heede get a $3.2 million contract for
the cranes.
Shelley Douglass said other groups affiliated with the PLC are protesting in San
Francisco, where the Trident missiles are
being built, and in Groton, Conn., where the
submarines a re being built. She said a group
in Michigan is protesting the Seafarer
communication system.
Seafarer is a huge buried antenna which
can send a low frequency radio signal to
submarines. It is 100 miles long and supposedly can hold out long enough under
bombing to transmit the order for an all-out
nuclear attack.
— matt king photo
LAW HAS FINALLY CAUGHT UP with bush that has been growing illegally for five years near SUB traffic circle. Bush told inquiring
reporters it plans to plead not guilty on grounds it has squatters' rights. Irate flora calmed down, however, when it was told ticket had
been handed to illegally parked car whose owner, observing it comes from quasi-cop patrol, correctly filed it in shrubbery.
Accusations fly in contract talks
After six months of contract talks, and
with 60 issues still to be resolved, UBC's
1,200 library and clerical workers and the
university administration have accused
each other of stalling negotiations.
The Association of University and College
Employees, local 1, is asking for a wage
increase of $191 a month plus 7.5 per cent,
union organizer Fairleigh Funston said
Wednesday. AUCE also wants a $32-a-month
increase to make up for wages rolled back
by the Anti-Inflation Board in last year's
contract, she said.
But employee relations director Bob
Grant said the administration has offered
only a six per cent increase in total benefits.
He said the administration may not be
able to pay AUCE workers a wage increase
as large as the AIB guidelines allow,
because the government gave UBC a lower
operating grant than it requested.
The provincial government grant to the
three B.C. universities was up 11.5 per cent
this year, but it fell $10 million short of the
amount recommended by the Universities
In December, the AIB rolled back a 19 per
cent wage increase gained in last year's
contract to 15 per cent and ordered library
and clerical workers to pay back the four
per cent difference in excess wages. .
Funston said AUCE wants a large wage
increase to achieve parity with the lowest-
paid residence and physical plant
technicians on campus. AUCE's philosophy
is based on the principle of equal pay for
work of equal value.
AUCE claims the administration
discriminates against the union's members,
most of whom are women, by paying them
less than workers in other campus unions.
The contract expired Sept. 30. Contract
talks are now going on with provincial
mediator Jock Waterston, after AUCE
asked for a mediator in November.
Funston said there will be a union meeting
Thursday to decide the union's priorities in
negotiations. She said Waterston told the
union "that perhaps we'd proposed too
many additions to the contract."
"The mediator has suggested it's time we
made a list of our priority issues," Funston
From page 1
cut back administration salaries?" asked
Peter Leitch, science 2.
"Everyone should be able to afford
postsecondary education," said Melanie
Tsunoda, arts 3.
"I think fee raises are inevitable.
Everything else is going up," said Cynthia
Spencer, pharmacy 2.
"I don't think 25 per cent is an
unreasonable raise," said Doug Layden,
forestry. "We're getting a pretty easy ride
here "
said. "He inferred that the university will
present us with a package deal."
Funston said the administration refused
to discuss wages until the AIB-ordered wage
rollback was implemented. She said the
administration has refused to consider wage
increases greater than those allowed by the
AIB guidelines.
"I think it's bad faith not to negotiate for
what's fair," Funston said.
But Grant said the union has not been
willing to discuss wages.
"I think they were not prepared to get
down to economics until the rollback was
settled," he said. "We feel that now we know
where both sides stand we can get down to
wage issues shortly."
Funston said: "We haven't proposed a lot
of increased benefits."
She said the largest demands are for increased wages, maternity benefits and
vacation benefits.
'.'Our present contract is full of holes,"
Funston said. "A lot of the changes we've
proposed are wording changes.
"We don't want to trade off anything the
membership thinks is a priority," she said.
"We'll never give up our grievance
procedure. The grievance procedure they're
proposing would eliminate a lot of
But Grant said the grievance procedure
proposed by the administration is simpler
and better.
"We've made the first movement on that
(the grievance procedure). Both parties
have strong positions they want to defend." Page 4
Friday, February 25, 1977
Doug Kenny has reprimanded Al
Soroka for his participation in the
Harry Schwarz protest. Kenny is _
kidding himself if Kenny thinks the
Soroka embroglio will now blow
A reprimand isn't as serious as
firing Soroka, as Kenny hinted he
would attempt. But it is still a slap
on the wrist for something the
administration has no business giving
Soroka a slap on the wrist for.
Kenny has confused the issue
from the start. "Clearly, the issue in
this case is neither your political
beliefs nor those of the speaker
whose lectures were disrupted," he
writes in his reprimand.
"The issue is whether an
individual, whatever his or her
beliefs, has the right to prevent
another individual, whatever his or
her beliefs, from speaking freely and
being heard without interference in a
lecture given under university,
No, Doug, that isn't the issue.
You are trying to reprimand Soroka
for something he did in his spare
time, outside of his job as a law
librarian. He may have been a UBC
employee but during the protest he
did nothing to draw attention to that
aspect of himself. He was protesting
as an individual, not as a
representative of the university.
No employer has the right to
discipline an employee for an action
taken during the person's own time,
that has nothing to do with the
performance of his or her duties.
That is the issue, a fact that must be
recognized whether you support or
condemn the protest.
Kenny should retract his
reprimand and Soroka should fight
to have the reprimand withdrawn. A
precedent which threatens our rights
is established if the reprimand
stands. >
The envelope please
Hundreds of pieces of mail flooded The Ubyssey office
after our call last week for entries in our song contest. Three
of them were contest entries.
Scoop took these home, studied them and gave us the
verdict Thursday. The winner: Kevin McGee, arts 4, for his
entry, sung to the tune of Country Joe McDonald's Feel Like
I'm Fixin' To Die Rag. Kevin wins a subscription to The
Ubyssey and dozen yeast cocktails.
The coveted silver medal, which carries with it no material
reward, goes to Robert Slade, science 5, for his adaptation of
the Battle Hymn of the Republic.
DA CHAMP. Sung to the tune.of
Give me an M... C... G ... E... E... R
What's That Spell?
Well. . . come on UBC students
The AMS needs your help again
Find themselves in a terrible jam
Fighting cutbacks as best as they can
So put down your books and come join us
We're gonna make a helluva fuss!
And it's one, two, three, what
are we fighting for?
Show McGeer we do give a damn!
Next target's Vander Zalm
And it's five, six, seven,
open up the treasury gates
A in't no f'time, it's do or die
We gotta get more of the pie
Now come on students don't be slow
This is war if you didn't know
There's plenty good money to be made
Selling out arts for the technical trades
If you don't act now and call a stop
You may find that your program's dropped
Now come on people let's move fast
Our big chance is here at last
To demonstrate to each Socred
The student movement is alive, not dead
And you know the fight can only be won
When they're forced to cough up more funds.
Now come on student throughout the land
Come on out and lend a he/ping hand
Come on people don't hesitate
Protest now before it's too late
Show Victoria we won't be fucked
Or we're gonna pay a whole lot more bucks
CLOSE BUT NO CIGAR. To the tune of
From the depths of the grey building comes
the world we all now fear
That the admin's going to sock it to us
once again next year
But the AMS has strongly said,
though it may cost us dear
We don't pay nor more bucks
Unversity's expensive
And we are getting apprehensive
While the student reps are getting pensive
But we won't pay no more bucks.
The cost of food and lodging has just
risen out of sight
And car insurance has descended on us
like a blight
But the AIB says six per cent no matter
how we fight
So we won't pay no more bucks
Only an artsy could have written fake anti-gear letter
"Ah-ha," you say, "The Gears'
unity is no longer." Well don't hold
your breath! I am referring to the
letter that appeared with my name
on it (Geer peeved, Letters, Feb.
I hate to disappoint the Fartsies
but I can't claim credit for the
"literary work." This fact really
Heed not be explained to my fellow
gears nor to those who know me,
but as an up and cumming
professional engineer I believe I
should express my feelings on the
FEBRUARY 25, 1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Sue Vohanka, Ralph Maurer
"Ken Dodd's buying drinks," snouted an exuberant Sue Vohanka to
Verne "Withdrawal" McDonald and Scoop the Fearless Newshound. Geof
Wheelwright flashed his birthday ID and was kicked out by Chris Gainor,
Kathy Ford and Paul Wilson. Steve Howard asked Bill Tieleman where the
staff was imbibing but Marcus Gee stopped him from replying. David
Morton and Merrilee Robson tried to ply Vlckl Booth, Jon Stewart and
Bruce Baugh with liquor Into writing Page Friday so they could go home
but Larry Green and Terry Ades cut them off. Robert Jordan and John
Morris tried to talk Dave Fraser and Dick Bale into buying Gray Kyles a
round or three. Doug Rushton decided to quaff a few himself while
everyone searched high and low and lower for Mr. Early Nite at the
Printers, Ralph Maurer himself.
subject and not have someone do it
for me.
When you look at the letter, one
immediately asks what gear would
be stupid enough to express a view
like that. Look closer and you'll
find yourself also asking how the
hell could a gear compose a
"literary" work like that. I ain't
never used English like that having
barely passed English 100.
No, I am afraid only an Artsie
with hours of idle time could have
composed it. As a matter of fact
my friends inform me that the
Artsie who wrote the work (?) is
quite good at working things out
with his pencil.
In closing, I would like to say
that I support every stunt and
function the gears have had and
ever will have. During engineering
week I was behind Godiva all the
way (I had to sidestep for the horse
acoupleof times though) and had a
lot of laughs over the Red Rag; it
was excellent. And to the Striped
Assed Ape who wrote the letter last
week, you, "sir," are in error! The
gears are UNITED!
Steve Blaine
electrical engineering 2
You've got to be kidding about Soroka
Come off it. You gotta be kidding.
"The issue is Soroka's right, and
everyone else's right, to act according to their political beliefs,"
eh? Sure.
Following that brilliant line of
thinking, one can have nothing but
praise for Idi Amin, since his acts
are based on his belief that
politically, all those guys he just
bumped off might do it to him. And
everyone's ol' buddy Adolf was
such a libertarian because bqy, did
he believe that those people just
weren't as good as he was.
No way. The issue is the right to
be free from the effects of other
Photog perpetuates myth
Congratulations to Doug Field
for his photographs of Germaine
Greer in which he has succeeded in
continuing to perpetrate the myth
of the intellectual bitch.
I refer, of course, to the photos
published in your Feb. 10
paper in which Greer is made to
look like the stereotyped hardline
feminist.     Was     that     really
P. Burnside
peoples' political acts. After all, it
was the political acts of other
people that enslaved the Africans
in the first place.
Besides, Soroka inhibited my
right to make a political act
myself. As you are aware, Harry
Schwarz attempted to make a
speech claiming capitalism would
eventually eradicate apartheid in
South Africa, if only we'd give it
time. As you might imagine, I had
a few questions to ask him about
that one. However, thanks to
Soroka, I couldn't even hear
myself think.
Kevin Finnegan
arts 3 '   V
■  :-..-w •£■«!«!*■■'#<.*..£*• .* •...■•"-■   „ ,.->.* »-  .".^
■    i ■    ■     , ■ t>l
.* ".
1.       r
■ i.
• ■'.   id    >•
zi& Food
Have you ever been lured by the
thought of a snack: a piece of Rye
Crisp topped by the kind of cheese
that melts, garnished with slices of
tomato and broiled until the
cheese, tomato and Rye Crisp stick
together in a gummy but very
palatable blend?
Have you ever thought about it
until your mouth waters? Have you
ever then opened the cupboard to
find that someone had filched your
last slab of hardtack for an illicit
snack of their own?
Man does not live by Rye Crisp
alone. The numerous bakeries with
their savory home-baked breads
will attest to that. The following is
a sampling of bakeries, each with
its own specialty.
For good whole grain breads
made without artificial preservatives, Lifestream Natural Foods
has a nice selection. They also
carry such things as sesame seed,
bread, whole wheat English
muffins, corn tortillas, and
chapatis. Chapatis are thin pancake-like breads that come from
India. Not all the bread is made at
the Lif estream bakery. Such bread
as Essence bread, a heavy loaf
containing only whole wheat flour
— no salt, yeast or shortening is
imported from San Francisco.
Lifestream is located on Fourth at
The most authentic Pita bread in
Vancouver is freshly baked at
Max's Bakery and Delicatessen on
Sundays. This bread sells quickly,
and properly speaking must be
eaten the same day or kept frozen.
Pita has been called diet bread
because it contains only flour, salt,
and water; no fats of any kind. At
Max's, you will also find the kind of
rye bread that one uses to make
Montreal-style smoked-meat
sandwiches. The bread has a
chewy crust with a moist, tender
interior. For those who like their
bagels with lox and cream cheese,
Max's carries all three. The
bakery is closed Saturdays and is
situated on Oak at 16th.
The baker at William's Bakery,
306 West Broadway is Dutch. This
then, is the place to get Dutch Oven
bread, with the molded shape of a
cake rather than a bread. Dutch
Oven bread is a whole grain bread
with a texture all its own.
The University Bakery, just
outside the university gates at 4487
West Tenth, has, among others,
crusty breads topped with a
sprinkling poppy or sesame seeds.
They also have a good choice of
sweet breads and rolls: fruit
loaves, cinnamon buns, Danish
Good croissants are flakey,
buttery, crispy and light all at
once. The croissants at Notte's Bon
Ton 874 Granville, have all these
qualities and more. - Their appetizing smell seeps through the-
paper bag all the way home. The
Bon Ton also carries French
brioches, fruit and nut loaves, and
some of the best cakes and French
pastries in town.
In Gastown, drop in at the
Breadline Restaurant. You can
buy piquant herb and garlic breads
from the counter. These round-
loaves, heated, are perfect for a
huge sandwich.
At the Vancouver Vocational
Institute, on Pender at Cambie,
bread is. baked fresh daily. The
students at the baking school there
turn out some of the loveliest
brown and white loaves in Vancouver. A loaf of standard bread is
only 25 cents *and worth every
penny. Other kinds of breads are
baked at different times of the day
or year. But watch out, goods are
very often sold out long before the
day is through.
The list of small bakeries around
town could go on incessantly. Each
bakery has its own specialty, from
brioches to eccjes cakes. Even a
home baker who absolutely
eschews store-bought bread might
become enamored of a particular
bakery. Try one.
Page Friday, 2
Car stereo for the man who insists on
going first-class all the way. Consider
what It offers: flawless 8-track
reproduction with all the necessary
controls, including, of course,
automatic/manual program change,
plus the car stereo tuner to end all:
Pioneer's unprecedented FM
Supertuner. AM tuning Is equally
pleasant and sensitive. The finely
calibrated tuning scale is extra-large,
so you know exactly where you are.
As If all these weren't enough, the
TP-9005 offers the bonus of preset
tuning, too, by pushbutton, of up to
five of your favorite FM stations and
tive AM stations. It's the only way to
enjoy yourself on the road!
Top-of-the-line in-dash
8-track car stereo with
AM tuner/FM Supertuner
and preset tuning
8-track car stereo with S^
AM tuner/FM Supertuner^
and preset tuning
CiDpioneer     TP900
Everything about the TP-900 spells
excitement. Looks. Design.
Performance. You get superb 8-track
— and the last word In car stereo
tuners: Pioneer's new Supertuner.
This FM stereo tuner alone Is well
worth your Investment. A look at the
tuning dial will tell you this Is no
ordinary car stereo tuner. As for
8-track, you get all the conveniences,
Including automatic program change,
manual program change, light-up
program Indication, manual eject,
repeat and fast forward.
Thle PM*&tea market fcawts «wcft unprecedented [for
car- stored*  $*&&&$•• m~ mmm*&« m«ufc«ttM$
•y«Si»rtt ' 	
Under-the-dash 8-track
car stereo with Pioneer's
new FM Supertuner
CD pioneer   TP7005
The car stereo unit with the tuner
every car stereo enthusiast will soon
be talking about (and listening to).
The TP-7005 combines all the finest
in 8-track car stereo with Pioneer's
unprecedented FM Supertuner to
give you on-the-road entertainment
as only Pioneer can. 8-track
operation controls include automatic
program change with an option for
manual. AM tuning Is equally
pleasant and sensitive. You also get
the bonus of pushbutton preset
tuning — of up to three FM stations
and two AM stations. The TP-7005
fits so easily in the dashboard —you
may even want to do It yourself!
CD pioneer    KP500
The KP-500 represents a high point
in Pioneer's car stereo technology. Its
superb cassette tape section is
I l_J_- *u- ^n.u _n—.n++n „.,■. matched only by the brilliance of its
Under-the-daSh Cassette Car FM tuner. The unit offers everything
that makes cassette car stereo an
enjoyable driving companion: fast
forward, rewind and automatic
end-of-tape eject. Of course, you
have the option to eject the cassette
manually at any time. As for the
tuner, it's none other than Pioneer's
new Supertuner. Add separate bass
and treble controls, plus a special
loudness contour switch — and you
know why the KP-500 is now the car
stereo unit to own.
stereo with Pioneer's new
FM Supertuner
TS-160: 6-1/2 in. full-range dual
cone speaker. Magnet: Ceramic
type; 10 oz. Input power: 20
watts (max.) Freq. range:
40-20,000Hz Impedance: 4 ohms.
* "pair
TS-164: 6-1/2 in. cone woofer
and 1-21/32 in. tweeter Magnet:
Ceramic type; 10 oz. Input
power: 20 watts (max.) Freq.
range: 40-16,000Hz impedance: 4
Speakers for car owners
who are also stereophiles
TS-161: 6-1/2 in. full-range dual
cone speaker. Magnet: Ceramic
type; 10 oz. Input Power: 20
watts (max.) Freq. range:
40-20,000Hz Impedance: 4 ohms.
T S-100 4 in. full-range single
cone speaker Magnet: Ceramic
type; 7 oz. Input power: 8 watts
(max.) Freq. range: 50-14,000Hz
Impedance: 4 ohms.
TS-101 4 in. full-range single
cone speaker Magnet: Ceramic
type; 7 oz. Input power: 8 watts
(Max.) Freq. range: 50-14,000Hz
Impedance: 4 ohms.
S-165: 6-1/2 in. cone woofer
and 1-21/32 in. tweeter Magnet:
Ceramic type; 20 oz. Input
range: 30-16,000Hz Impedance:
4 ohms.
Impressive to look at,
Impressive to listen to
The TS-3S If both eye-catching and
.ear-pleasing. Mounted ftusn with
doors or with rear deck, or simply
pfacad on the rear deck. It Is bound
to captivate all eyes with Us clean,
lean lines - ana all ears with Its
rich, clear performance. Maximum
input power of 40 watts means it's
perfect for all kinds of stereo
systems, especially those with
powerful amplifiers.
Coaxial 2-way speakers for
grand sound all around
Whatever your car stereo sound source Is tape or
broadcast — It comes out beautifully, roundly, fully.
These top-flight performers from Pioneer Incorporate
extra-large magnets, assuring extra-refined stereo
reproduction ali the way. Smartly designed and styled,
both models can be mounted easily In the rear deck
where the best acoustical effects are obtainable.
TS-690:   6x9   in.  full-range  dual
cone Magnet: Ceramic type, 5 oz.
Input power:  10 watts (max.) ,
Freq. range: 60-12,000Hz Impedance: 4 ohms (2-8 ohms allowable).
,Jeach ^^
TS-691: 6x9 in. full-range dual
cone with free-edge Magnet:
Ceramic type; 10 oz. Input
power: 20 watts (max ) Freq.
range: 40-16,000Hz Impedance: 4
ohms (2-8 ohms allowable)
**'each    A.
TS-5: 5-1/4 in. full-range single
cone Magnet: Ceramic type; 3 oz.
Input power: 8 watts (max.) Freq.
range: 180-13,000Hz Impedance:
4 ohms.
TS-22: 4 in. woofer 2-5/8 in. cone
tweeter Magnet: Ceramic type; 4
oz. Input power: 8 watts (max.)
Freq. range: 160-15,000Hz
Impedance: 4 ohms.
^^ pair ^^
Put the pure pleasure of Pioneer Sound in your carl
733-3822 *^~
pLs Sound
Friday, February 25, 1977 movies
Network kills boredom
"I know," thought Paddy Chayevsky one
day. "I'll write a screenplay about how
television is geared to nothing but ratings.
That should pull the crowds in." (Actually
he wouldn't have expressed himself in such
simple diction.)
And the result of this self-righteous idea is
an unbelievable, platitudinous, overstated,
melodramatic (and occasionally powerful)
film called Network.
Directed by Sidney Lumet
At Lougheed Mall
Chayevsky was not in fact so hypocritical
in his intention. The idea, he claims, was
spawned out of genuine anger. But he must
have been stupid not to realize the implications of what he was doing.
Network comes out looking just like the
programs exploiting fashionable themes
that he is attempting to criticize.
It is soap opera on a grander scale. Even
more ironically, he satirizes formula
television series that contain a "crusty but
benign" hero. Network has a "crusty but
benign" hero.
If it is meant to be satire, Network is so
exaggerated it lacks bite. Effective satire
requires a degree of restraint; Chayevsky
labors his points so badly they bore us. The
thought that television and corporations are
immensely powerful is hardly original.
If it is meant to be just an exciting story
with no pretensions (which it clearly is not),
it fails because of its sheer absurdity. The
characters are implausible and psychologically two-dimensional. Consistency is
sacrificed to a plot which skips and jumps
and which ends suddenly and inconclusively.
Perhaps worst of all, Chayevsky's script
is laughable. All the characters talk in
exactly the same wordy unrealistic way
(Chayevsky's way). Emotional, dramatic
scenes are destroyed by ludicrously rational
or poetic dialogue.
"Death is suddenly a perceptible reality to
me with discernible features," someone
says. Surely no one out here in the real world
talks like that. Surely no one swears like
Chayevsky's puppets swear. Apparently it is
mandatory to inject a "fuck" or a "shit" as
soon as a certain level is reached on the
The plot revolves around an aging newsreader, Howard Beale (Peter Finch), who
FAYE DUNAWAY .. .impressive performance as executive who lusts only for power
works for the least successful of the big
networks, UBS. Beale's ratings are falling,
he is fired, and so he threatens to commit
suicide on the air. Rehired because of
dramatically increased ratings, he subsequently goes insane. (The film ignores the
fact that the public endorses such sick
This drama is played out against a backdrop of corporate coups d'etat and personal
power struggles. With a dash of romance, a
band of revolutionaries and a bag of popcorn
thrown in, whal more could the average
movie-goer desire?
There are in fact a few powerful scenes
and some haunting images. The scene in
which the corporate heavy (Ned Beatty)
explains to Beale the true nature of the
world's economic order is chilling.  The
ending is dramatic, well-constructed and
effectively edited.
There are many fine acting performances, especially considering the
psychological backflips the actors must
perform in deference to the plot.
William Holden does a good job as "crusty
but benign" head of the news department,
Max Schumacher. Holden's biggest job is to
convince us that a man with such integrity
can fall in love with a soulless whore.
Robert Duvall gives us a fine portrayal of
an ugly, ruthless businessman. Finch is
good and Beatty is excellent in a small role.
Perhaps the most impressive performance is Faye Dunaway as Diana
Christensen, the powerlustful executive that
Holden falls for. Her big task is to convince
us  that   this  cynical  women  who   even
discusses ratings in the throes of orgasm
can become emotionally dependent on
But these psychological difficulties are
glosses over by the ending anyway. It is a
dramatic ending but also a phoney one. The
energy of the narrative stops dead against it
without being dissipated. You can't help
wondering what happened next, especially
since one of the characters is narrator.
If you like high-powered soap opera you
might like this movie. But don't forget that
Network is a prime example of what it
purports to attack.
Says "Mad Prophet" Howard Beale:
"We're in the boredom-killing business."
That statement applies to Network just as
much as to television. Only Network is a
hypocritical parasite to boot.
Tarzoon falls short of potential
Tarzoon is another step forward in the art
of feature film animation. Whether it is a
step in the right direction is a question that
will be answered soon by North American
movie audiences.
Tarzoon, Shame of the Jungle
A film by Picha
At the Coronet 1
Decades ago, Walt Disney gambled on a
revolutionary concept, an animated feature
film. The time and expense involved in
bringing such a project to the screen is
enormous, but Disney pulled it off and
proved it could be done.
Unfortunately, things pretty well stopped
there. Animated films remained a product
aimed at children, and were almost the
exclusive property of Disney Studios.
TARZOON .. . bumbling schmuck tries to save the day
It was only recently that Ralph Bakchi,
with his films Fritz the Cat and Heavy
Traffic, began the new wave of feature-
length animation, aimed at a new audience:
Whether Bakchi's films were in any way
an artistic success is a moot point; they
were certainly successful financially. Just
as Disney had proved that the animated
feature was possible, Bakchi proved that
they could be enjoyed by an audience
composed of people over the age of 18.
Now Picha, a Belgian-born cartoonist, has
released Tarzoon in North America, after
release in Europe with apparently strong
favorable response.
The plot-line is as simple as any of
Burrough's. An evil queen plans to conquer
the world from her hideout in the jungle.
Obsessed with her baldness, she kidnaps
June, Tarzoon's bitchy, sex-bomb mate, to
serve as the donor for a scalp transplant.
Can Tarzoon save the day? It doesn't
seem likely. A bumbling schmuck who can
only manage about thirty seconds of sex
every three months, he sets about rescuing
her in his endearing, clumsy way.
It's an excellent framework for visual
gags, and Picha doesn't miss very many,
including some that you might perhaps
think he should have let pass.
This is a cartoon where people bleed when
they get hit, sometimes in rivers. Even a
stomach that can take SUB cafeteria food
without harm will turn a little, particularly
at s uch scenes as the death of the evil queen.
It helps to remember that Picha, worked
for the National Lampoon, and that the
English-language version of Tarzoon was
written by Michael O'Donoghue, another
Lampoon alumni.
The violence and ceaselessly coarse
language is counter-balanced however, by
Tarzoon himself, a whimsical and humorous
character. It is hard not to feel sympathetic
towards him as he continually fails to rise to
the occasion, but never gives up.
Tarzoon fails once more in the task of
carrying the film and making it all it "should
be. In the end, the potential of the film is not
When I spoke to Picha after the preview
screening, he admitted that production
deadlines prevented him from making the
film as good as he wanted it to be. "I would
like to have cut at least five minutes," he
said, "and done some different things with
There is some unnecessary repetition and
irrelevant digression in the film which could
have been left out. There is also the promise
of better things to come.
"Now that Tarzoon has proven successful,
I'D have more freedom with my next film,"
Picha said. "I'm still unsure of what it will
be about, but I do want to do another."
PANGO PANGO (UNS) — Rabid Moron,
co-editor of this tiny island kingdom's
favorite leisurerag, Fazed Myday, officially
opened the magazine's creative mumbling
Moron, a past winner and loser, said
something about the contest being intellectually stimulating but no one was able
to completely catch what he said because it
was spoken under his breath and through his
Merrily Rubbedwrong, the other editor,
said Moron was the most interesting person
she had never talked to.
Friday, February 25, 1977
Page Friday, 3 muste
Big Band shows new blood
In the show business world there
is always that unfortunate group of
ex-personalities that hang onto the
profession despite the demise of
their reputation. Comebacks like
Frank Sinatra's depend on an
audience's thirst for nostalgia —
not the quality of their instrumental virtuosity.
composed controversial music
Stan Kenton, pianist, band
leader, and composer, who played
at the Commodore Ballroom last
Friday night, is another example.
The audience, of course consisted
of over-forty types who cheered
warmly when they recognized a
song and went patiently silent on
some of Kenton's more recent
The Kenton orchestra is
ostensibly Big Band, if indeed that
name can be attached to anything
after Woody Herman's Herds of
the late 1940s. Kenton's style of
jazz cannot be paralleled with the
Ellingtons, Millers and Goodmans.
Rather, Stan Kenton did more to
change the sound of that era than
anyone for a long period of time.
The change was so great, in fact,
that many claim jazz music was
brought to a sudden end when Stan
Kenton came out with his so called
"progressive jazz."
Kenton was a transitional jazz
figure, who, with his feet on two
different styles, never became as
famous as those who make an
abrupt entry into the jazz scene.
His music fits roughly between the
tradition of the silvered semi-jazz
bands of Glen Miller, Tommy
Dorsey and Ray Anthony, and the
genuine big jazz bands like Benny
Goodman, Wood Herman and
Count Basie.
Kenton belongs to neither of
these genres, but he did borrow
from them. He took' the dance
music of Miller and the flashy
section work of the Basie orchestra
and seasoned them with extracurricular solos surrounding them
with glistening limousines of
sound. The tone of the orchestra
depended on what soloists he had
at the time. Names like Maynard
Ferguson, Jack Sheldon, and
Shorty Rogers aided the Kenton
orchestras to commercial success.
This was a new sound which, on
its entry onto the jazz scene caused
waves of controversy — primarily
from the so-called jazz purists. One
criticism was that Kenton's music
didn't swing. His perspective was
as a composer rather than an
improviser, a more important
element of modern jazz.
But the reason Kenton wasn't as
profound an influence as he could
have been, is because he did not
continue to develop his sound. The
music soon staled, and became
curious and unprovocative.
Kenton's show at the Commodore Friday night was not so
much to play his old songs, but to
show off his latest crop of young
and aspiring musicians. Kenton
looked on at his soloists like a
proud father, his elbow leaning on
the piano, his mind clearly
Like many modern Big Bands,
the current Kenton edition lacked
Looking at us
Every Canadian has heard, or
perhaps even told, the apocryphal
story of Americans coming up over
the border in July with skis on their
roof racks and wearing parkas in
the sweltering heat.
Most people chuckle and let it go
at that. Walter Stewart, however,
decided to actually test the longstanding legend of American
ignorance about Canada.
As They See Us
Edited by Walter Stewart
McClelland and Stewart
Paper, 159 pages
His method was simple. He
simply travelled around the United
States with a tape recorder and
asked anyone he came across what
they knew about their neighbors to
the north.
The results are hardly surprising. Some were just as innocent of the Canadian reality as
one might expect, others were as
knowledgeable as intelligent,
educated people should be.
All the same, the result is an
amusing and interesting book.
Stewart has done some digging and
come up with excerpts from
political speeches, letters and
documents dating back to the
American Revolution to add some
weight to the book.
At a time when Trudeau and
Carter are forging a new
Canadian-American relationship,
it is fascinating to read some
previous American positions on
Canada, which can usually be
summed up as a call for immediate
invasion and annexation.
The whole point of the book,
though, is the random interviews.
They include the usual misconceptions: ". . .1 think of Canadians
going to work every day, walking
across the tundra. Cute."
There are also some rather
embarrassing words of praise: "I
think of simplicity, naturalness,
ruggedness. It's wholesome, unsophisticated, vigorous and
beautiful." Ah, if only it were true.
In other cases, there is truth, and
it hurts. "You'rethe ones that gave
India the bomb, aren't you?"
And there is outright anger:
"They took in draft dodgers, yeller
bellies, and that were't right."
What bothers me most about the
book is not the attitudes in it by
Americans, but the attitude that
the author is implied to have. In
contrast to the Americans'
ignorance of us, there is an obsession with the American point of
view on the part of Canadians.
I can understand how a whore in
Washington felt when Stewart
approached her with his
microphone, as told in this
"Hey, honey! Hey, you wanna go
out with me?"
"No, but I'm glad you stopped
me. I'd like to ask you a question."
"What kinna question?"
"I'm from Canada ... do you
know anything about Canada?"
"You puttin' me on?"
"No, no. . ."
"You a cop or somethin'?"
"No, just a journalist. . . Do you
know anything about Canadians?"
"No, honey. I don't but if they's
all like you, they's a poor bunch of
peckers. ..."
necessary innovative instrumental
voices. The soloists stood up one by
one, delivering nothing more than
lines popularized decades ago by
such passe virtuosos as Harry
James, Benny Goodman and
Bunny Berigan. The section work,
however, provided strong backing.
The trumpets especially, with their
rousing high-pitched lines gave a
necessary lift to the slow moving
One exception to the solos was a
standout tenor sax performance by
Roy Reynolds. The number,  en
titled Roy's Blues, was a standard
blues arrangement beginning with
bass and percussion accompaniment and working up to a
high tempo furor involving the
entire band. Reynolds rambled all
over the place blowing forcibly yet
Other commendable solos were
delivered by trombonist Dick
Shearer and alto saxist, Michel
As usual, Kenton divided his sets
into two parts — his concert music
and dance music. He introduced
the former as music "not written
for dancing, but you can dance if
you think you can." This side of his
program was generally higher key
and rich in tempo changes. It was
the best part of the evening.
Kenton made no attempt to
resurrect his aggressive conducting style of the early 1950s.
Instead, he was content to turn
over the reins to his new
musicians, and give them a
deserving entry into the modern
jazz scene. If anything, he is
providing an honorable service to
modern music.
Orchestra welcomed
Mario Bernardi conducted the
excellent National Arts Centre
Orchestra from Ottawa and Robert
Silverman was the soloist in
Robert Schumann's Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 54 at the
second CHQM Great Composers
Series Concert. Flanking the
Schumann concerto were the
Symphony No. 3, Op. 18 (1971) by
Canadian composer Jacques Hetu
and the Symphony No. 104 in D
major "London" by Franz Joseph
Hetu's Symphony No. 3, while at
times quite dissonant, is also often
warmly lyrical and passionate. Its
17 minutes duration reveal a work
of secure and imaginative construction. The dissonances serve
more a musical end than an intellectual one.
The NACO's committed performance was a fine one indeed.
Robust and glowing, the interpretation sustained interest
from beginning to end by which
time one was convinced that Hetu,
only 32 years old at the work's
composition, shows enormous
promise as a very gifted and
sensitive composer.
Robert Silverman is presently on
the faculty in the Music Department here at UBC. Justifiably
described as one of Canada's top
pianists, he possesses formidable
technique and interpretative
He coaxed some amazingly
beautiful sounds last Monday
evening from the somewhat
clattery VSO Steinway. The NACO
accompanied him ably, tidily and,
when the occasion demanded it,
most exuberantly.
The over-all result was an extremely satisfying performance of
a work which is just not at the top
inspirational levels of the piano
concerto. One of the tops in
popularity perhaps, but even
Schumann himself has written
more inspired music than his Opus
The closing work, the Haydn
symphony, was the high point of
the evening. Haydn was 63 years
old when he composed his Symphony No. 104. Although he lived
nine more years after it, he did not
compose another one.
It is as fresh and inspired,
perhaps even more so, as any of his
symphonies and the NACO gave it
an accordingly fresh and inspired
It was played to classical scale
and in classical style, with no
musical detail too small to receive
sensitive, loving care in its
The program was deftly chosen,
nicely balanced and extremely
well played in all respects. The
NACO is a fine, refined ensemble
indeed and they were a great
pleasure to hear.
Canada is fortunate indeed to
have an orchestra and conductor of
the calibre of the NACO and Mr.
Bernardi. They are most welcome
in Vancouver as often as they are
able to come here.
Opal's diary poetic
The most amazing aspect of Opal
is the fact that it was essentially
written by a five-year-old girl.
Opal is the diary of Opal
Whiteley, who was born shortly
before 1900. She began her diary
when she was five or six, and living
in a lumber camp in Oregon.
Orphaned before she was five,
Opal was brought up by a lumberman's wife and lived in 19
different camps before she was 12.
By Opal Whitely
Macmillan Publishers
$6.95 hardcover, 179 pages
She wrote her diary on scraps of
paper of all shapes and sizes. Jane
Boulton, who edited the book, says
the diary was first printed as The
Story of Opal in 1920, on the
initiative of Ellery Sedgewick,
editor of Atlantic Monthly Press.
Boulton writes, "Desperately
poor at the age of 20, Opal brought
a nature book she had written to
Ellery Sedgewick, in hopes of
selling it. There was little about the
book to tempt a businessman, but
the girl herself — 'something very
young and eager and fluttering,
like a bird in a thicket' — had a
special appeal. After hearing bits
of her life story, intrigued by her
occasional French words,
Sedgewick was moved to ask if she
had ever kept a diary. With that
Opal burst into tears."
At Sedgewick's urging, Opal
pieced together the diary, which
had been torn up by a stepsister
when Opal was 12. After nine
months, it was ready for
Boulton took The Story of Opal,
rearranged scenes, and introduced
characters differently. She writes,
"Since the lines seemed like
poetry, that is the form I gave
writer at 20
them. But the words are Opal's."
Without that disclaimer, it would
be difficult to believe a child of five
wrote the words Opal wrote.
She writes, lyrically, of animals
and nature around her. Her friends,
are animals like the dog Brave
Horatio, a calf, Elizabeth Barrett
Browning, and a pig, Peter Paul
Opal's language is poetic,
without being deliberately so. This
is partly the result of mixing
French and English grammatical
rules. (Her parents, to whom she
refers to as "Angel Mother" and
"Angel Father," were French and
her real name is Francoise
Lines such as "I did not have
goings to school today for this is
wash day
and the mama did have needs of
me at home," reveal her ethnicity,
and add charm to her writing.
But Opal is also poetic in her
approach to the world around her.
The average five year old would
not write lines such as "The light of
the day/was going from blue to
And thoughts had coming/down
the road to meet us.
They were thoughts from out the
mountains where there are the
They were thoughts from the
I did feel their coming close
about us.
Very near they were and all
We went very slow.
We had listens to the thoughts.
They were the soul thoughts/of
little things that soon/will have
their borning time."
Opal is often funny, sometimes
moving, but never cloying or
sentimental. Boulton is to be
commended for her sensitive
handling of a sensitive person's
impressions of the world. This book
is highly recommended to cynics,
as well as those who experience the
world with every sense they
Creative Arts
"ftiday is the last d.iy for mih-
missions to Page Friday's Creative
Art!i issue Bring your graphics,
photos, short stones and poems to
th« Ubyssey oflire. room U41K in
SUB Or drop 1 hem in the Ixixos in
the fine arts English .ind creative
wj-itui", departments
■Submissions accompanied In .i
stamped, .ielf addressed en\ elope
will be irturncd Or the> can he
picked up at the flivssev office
A book pi uv will be awarded to
Ihe submission considered b\ the
PF staff to Ix- the bi—l " The
('re.ilive \iLs issue will appear on
Mm ch 1 and the pt l/e v. inner w ill
In1 announced Dip following week
Hui rv"
Page Friday, 4
Friday, February 25, 1977 music
Bootleg records endangered
Bootleg records may soon disappear. The
law does not specify under what, if any,
conditions bootlegs may be sold, and until
those conditions are made clear bootlegs are
unlikely to appear on the record racks.
The difficulties for the retailers of
bootlegs began on Sept. 24,1976 when a man
walked into Rather Ripped Records in
Berkeley, California, bought one bootleg
record and then introduced himself as an
FBI agent. He explained the records were
being sold in violation of the law and would
be confiscated. He was then joined by eight
other agents who began cataloguing and
boxing the records that were to be taken
So began what almost became the first
test case over the legality of bootleg
Bootlegs are records which are produced
without the consent of recording companies
or performing artists. They have long made
up a good, if not the best part of blues
recordings. Rock bootlegs date from the
issue of The Great White Wonder, a
collection of Dylan songs taken from
television shows, demo tapes and album
outtakes. Since its appearance in 1969,
almost every major artist and group has
been bootlegged.
Because of the generally inferior quality
of bootlegs, they have remained an oddity in
the midst of the immense contemporary
music market. Even with the wide variety of
titles available, they are known mainly to
collectors and devoted fans.
Bootleg records are rarely pressed in
quantities of over 1,000. Retailers have
generally had to deal with the producers
directly; the distribution systems have been
irregular and limited.
Nevertheless, the large record companies
have considered bootlegs a thorn in their
side. In many cases, the best unreleased
performances of an artist end up on
bootlegs. However, the monetary losses to
companies the size of CBS is infinitesimal.
The problem with bootlegs is that while
the copyright laws with regard to authorship
are clear, those that concern performance
rights remain ambiguous. It was because of
the ambiguities in the law that the U.S.
district attorney decided not to take the case
against Rather Ripped records to court. The
attorney felt that the owners of the record
store were sincere in their belief that they
had not violated the law.
No laws
At first the records were to be given back:
A statement of the attorney's was to be
issued which would have made the selling of
the records legal until the laws were
Before that statement was issued, the
record companies were informed. It seems
that in response to their objections the attorney modified his stance and decided to
issue a statement that requires the retailers
of bootlegs to pay the royalties on songs to
the publishing agencies.
Since that point in late November, the
records have been returned to the store, but
with no clear definition of the conditions
under which they may be sold. Rather
Ripped has its records, but cannot sell them,
as the owners can no longer claim to be
ignorant of the strict interpretations of the
In the meantime, several retailers in the
Los Angeles area have been taken to court,
where a better test case may be found.
Bootleg records have vanished from the
racks of Berkeley entirely and are almost
impossible to find in San Francisco and Los
In November, when it still seemed
possible that bootlegs could be sold, Page
Friday spoke to Doug Kroll, one of the
owners of Rather Ripped Records.
Page Friday: Why did the bootleg
business develop?
Kroll: The large record companies do
things very wastefully. They throw out 20
records assuming only one of them will
really make it. Their wastefulness has
produced a situation where now they have to
cut a lot of things out of the catalogue. As
things get old or stop selling, they immediately nix them.
More and more there's going to have to be
FBI confiscations
start crachdown
an alternative in the industry to provide
unusual items which aren't commercially
viable enough to press 40,000 copies. Right
now when a new group makes an album, to
break even they have to sell the same
number that Led Zeppelin sells, due to the
way finances are set up. If a new group puts
out a record, maybe it's really good and
sells 40,000 copies, but they can't sell 120,000.
There's got to be an alternative middle
PF: Has there always been this sort of
sbppiness in the recording industry?
Kroli: No, that came when the record
business became really big. It's now bigger
than the film business. It's one of the largest
industries in the country.
Back in the 60s, you'll remember you had
It became more and more important to
control things. With the cost of touring and
studio work now they can't afford to put all
the money into every group. And once
they've picked a group, they don't want that
money to go to waste.
PF: So the bootlegs fill the gap left by this
trend in the big companies.
Kroll: Not totally. It's filled by different
things — by the likes of Berkeley Records
and other smaller companies.
Bootlegs fulfill a need for collectors and
history. It's like a library source. The record
companies can't afford to put out five or six
records of Paul McCartney on tour. If they
want, they can pick one. Most live albums
don't make any money, though that's
beginning to change now.
the Top 100 or Top 200 hits. There was
diversity and the record companies always
had to try to stay on top. They couldn't turn
their backs on any of their groups because
any one of those might be the next big thing.
Things were continually changing and
they had to deal with everyone, whereas
now things are very, very controlled. They
can handpick the groups now, as we saw
with the payola scandals of Clive Davis
(former president of Columbia Records,
who resigned in a case of payoffs to disc
jockeys for playing certain records). It
doesn't matter if Chicago's next album is
good or bad, there will be a couple of million
dollars spent to promote it to make it a
number one seller.
Another company phoned around and put
extreme pressure on retailers to push one
album they had chosen to make one group
stars. In my opinion — and in most
reviewers' — it was a horrible album. When
I refused to do a window display, they
threatened us, saying we could never get
any more advertising money from that
PF: What portion of the market do
bootlegs have?
Kroll: You only bootleg stars, groups that
have diehard fans who will buy anything
they can get with their artists on it. You're
attracting the fanatical fringe of major
artists' audiences. There's no one who
comes in and buys a bootleg instead of the
new release.
Sometimes bootlegs help artists, like Pink
Floyd. Between Dark Side of the Moon and
Wish You Were Here they took two years. In
that time several bootlegs came out which
kept the audience interested.
Part of the problem has been that artists
don't get money from bootless; but many
performers don't get them from their
regular labels. If a lot of small companies
started sending out small but regular
cheques to publishing houses and artists, it
would raise the question of why the big
companies aren't paying money.
A record company can put an album on
the market and it can sell respectably — say
20,000 or 30,000 — and they've pressed 60,000
which means the company breaks even,
because it only costs them about 50 cents to
produce an album. But then they go back to
the artist and say, "Well, we've got these
40,000 returns here, which we'll have to bill
against you,'' and he goes into a deficit. And
unless the artist is smart and gets a cut of
the cut-out sales, the record companies sell
the 40,000 (to retailers) and get the money
from those whether the record sells or not.
PF: What is the artist entitled to in the
way of royalties?
Kroll: There's a two and three-quarter per
cent royalty which goes to the author
PF: Does the performer get anything?
Kroll: Only if they're the same person.
That's why you can have groups like the
Beatles or the Stones where Lennon and
McCartney or Jagger and Richards are very
wealthy while other members of the group
owe bills and live in houses worth $10,000,
making, say, $20,000 a year.
PF: Thentheonly thing you would have to
pay to anyone would be the royalties to the
Kroll: Right, which we were perfectly
willing to pay. It's supposed to be
mechanical if you pay the full percentage
royalty. In other words, Paul McCartney
can't say, "You can't record it," if you pay
and if he's published the song.
PF: Do the record companies have any
claim on bootlegs then?
Kroll: Not really. Technically, if the artist
has possession of unreleased songs that he
may have some day to choose to release,
then it's different.
The live recordings are the easiest to
defend, because they're alternative versions
of already recorded songs in most cases,
and the artist is not in possession of those.
If the royalty problems could be solved
and the money paid, probably 60 or 70 per
cent of the bootlegs on the market should be
legal to sell. Unfortunately, it's still a
matter of how they interpret the laws.
The Attorney's office is now saying,
"Look, there's no way we can give you a
clear mandate; the laws are just too confusing. We can't even say you can sell the
records under some terms, because there's
no clear mandate to be had."
Obviously the industry doesn't want
bootlegs around. They don't want it to be
common knowledge that anyone can have a
record made, and it's very cheap. The
reason there are bootleg records instead of
keeping things on tape is that it's very hard
to copy tapes with any quality at all — it
costs too much. The average bootleg can be
made for about 80 cents in quantities of 500
to 1,000. It can be done cheaper than that in
larger quantities.
PF: Where are bootlegs being produced.
Kroll: There are no pressing plants in
Berkeley and no one is doing them in their
basement anymore — those romantic days
are gone. Now most of them are done in a
regular pressing plant, and you'll notice how
much better the quality is these days. The
only ones where they can get away with
really bad quality are those of Dylan, the
Stones, the Beatles and Led Zeppelin.
PF: What proportion do you think
bootlegs take up of the recording industry?
Kroll: Just a partof a percentage. They're
only available in about four cities in the
country: Berkeley, some parts of Los
Angeles, Portland and a few places back
east, but there's only about one store left in
New York. (They are available in Vancouver.)
PF: Do you feel you've been harassed in
all this?
Kroll: Obviously. We had nine FBI agents
who wanted to close the store to count and
stack the records for nine hours; the
publicity that came out afterward meant
business immediately went down. A lot of
people thought the store was closed.
PF: How much business did you lose?
Kroll: About 20 per cent, plus the 10 per
cent we lost from the bootlegs themselves.
It's not the same. There was a time when
people would have rushed to us. You don't
have the radical community anymore. It's a
very conservative community today.
PF: A few years ago you could well have
imagined the publicity helping you.
Kroll: For sure. But that's no longer the
temper of the community.
Friday, February 25, 1977
Page Friday, 5 movies
Film shows class
Dick and Jane are this nice,
comfy, nouveau riche couple.
They've got a big house, cars,
marvellous taste in clothes. He has
an executive job, she's got copper
pots and $20 cuts of meat for dinner.
Then, when Dick loses his job, all
they can see are mortgages, debts,
repossession and self-disgust. But
Dick and Jane are Americans, and
they do have American know-how.
They rob stores and say they're
sorry to the clerks, steal cars, and
using good old ingenuity, regain
their self respect and their credit
Fun With Dick and Jane
Directed by Ted Kotcheff
At the Odeon
Fim with Dick and Jane starts
out staring class and complacency
in the face. Fortunately they don't
lose any of it along the way; they
build on it.
Dick and Jane are Dagwood and
Blondie moved to Southern
California and gone to seed. He's
the kind of guy who probably
stayed up all night typing crib
notes for her college exams. She's
the women who tries to save face in
front of the neighbors when her
shrubs are being repossessed by
telling the landscapers that she's
glad she phoned them to take the
stuff away.
A wittier, more intelligent and
restrained couple than George
Segal and Jane Fonda could not be
found. They may be more beautiful
than most people, but they register
humor and emotions in a totally
believable way.
The stars and all the elements
they deal with play ball expertly,
fraying the edges of a premise that
could have been a dud and coming
up with a slick and funny caper
The film moves in short, well-
shaped little scenes that fit
together like building blocks. Dick
and Jane's conversation is sharp,
amusing banter.
Jane Fonda is a great tease. She
can sense which way the wind is
blowing and grin in the face of it.
Segal always looks as though he's
carrying the anxieties of every
man in his pocket. As Dick, he is
edgy, as he should be, but he knows
when to wink without being artificial.
At times, Dick and Jane looks
like a Robert Altman film, with
natural phrases and movements,
secondary events, and character
twists. While Altman swoops down
on people to register their
anxieties, frazzled habits and
affections, Kotcheff deals more in
caricatures than realism. This film
is too gimmicky and shallow,
however intriguing the idea is.
In what may be a movie first,
Jane Fonda, talking all the time, is
seen on the John, demonstrating
just what women do. Most of the
picture is less questionable: they
kiss while eating watermelon, they
plan their heists, and after a
robbery they throw a party. At one
point, hearing a siren, they throw
loose bills out the window, leaving
the passersby to dodge for them
If Dick and Jane doesn't irritate
or let down, it doesn't sparkle.
There are only a few times when
the film is unusually funny. Most of
the humor has been done before.
But when rich people hold up a
sex motel and throw a fiesta on the
proceeds, the fun is that they obviously know how to live on $20,000
a day.
The message that greed pays can
be taken or left because it isn't
forced on us. Dick and Jane are left
enjoying their new way of life,
more in love than ever and
resolving to do it again. Everybody
loves a winner.
The Street
A cartoon by Caroline Leaf
Produced  by  the  National   Film
Caroline Leaf's short cartoon
The Street, produced by the
National Film Board, has been
nominated for an Academy Award.
The Street is based on the
Mordecai Richler novel about a
boy who waits for his grandmother's death so he can have her
Made with watercolors on glass,
the characters and bodies appear
to be smudges and wisps. Yet as
the scenes dissolve and reform,
facial expressions and hand
movements appear and establish
characters behind the brown
The grandmother is not wrinkled
or wizened but looks like the other
figures. She is confined to her bed
which she grabs with long pink
hands when she is taken away to an
asylum. She utters only moans.
The scene changes quickly from
the outside of the house up the
stairs, around and behind people as
the rooms seem to fall away. Body
movement is carved out of moving
smudges; the impression of pink,
white and brown lingers. In The
Street, Leaf gives volatile images a
compelling beauty and unusual
li/l \^°^t^ance Keitauranti 7Jf
I •**^OPEN FOR LUNCH 11:30 1251 ^WiTsT.
DINNER FROM 6:00 6843043
Theatre Restaurant
135 West 1st St., North Van.
Unti Feb. 26th
Feb. 28th to March 1st
An epic fantasy
of peace and magic.
louqheed mallh
37 3461
SUB FILMS presents
Out of his violent past
come America's
greatest music.
Bis songs-front
"Rock Island Line" to
"Goodnight, Irene -
influenced McCartney
and Dylan.
Ie is a legend
This Thurs., Sun. - 7:00     Fri., Sat. - 7:00, 9:30
Coming to this theatre next week:
The suspense thriller "JAWS"
Many gory and frightening,
scenes, B.C. Dir.
Show at 12.25, 2.15, 4.10,
6.05, 8.05, 10.00.
MATURE   "!,=R*"V,.l«
Show at 12.20, 2.15, 4.10, 6.05, 8.10
Crude and Suggestive Scenes,
Show at 7.30, 9.30
MATURE        DUNBAR at 30th
Jack Nicholson In
Show at 7.15, 9.35
Violence and course language ^^^^^^^^_^^
Could be frightening to children 707 w. BROADWAY
THE Show at 7.30, 9.40
CAMBIE at 18th
^    Fellings
Show at 8.00
A classical sex story, B.C. Dir.    ,,??4;3730
    4375 W. 10th
'Laurence Oliver's film of
William Shakespeare's
iclKiltl III
Matinee only
at 2 p.m.
GENERAL 224-3730
 4375  W. 10th
Show at 12.50, 3.00, 5.10, 7.25, 9.35
Mature, occasional
coarse language,
B.C, Dir.
Page Friday, 6
Friday, February 25, 1977 books I
Forked Road faintly praised
When McClelland and Stewart
hired their flunky to write the dust
jacket introduction to The Forked
Road they must have blackmailed
the poor fellow because nothing
else (except perhaps a natural
penchant for lying) could possibly
have induced anyone to spout such
The Forked Road
By Donald Creighton
McClelland and Stewart
Hardcover, $14.95, 293 pp.
The pressured scribe speaks
grandiosely of the "discerning
insight," the "dramatic prose and
exceptionally clear perception" of
author Donald Creighton. He
depicts the book as "a work of
major historical significance and
tremendous popular appeal."
At best, it is an adequate,
competent examination of
Canadian domestic and foreign
affairs between the years 1939-57
but with frequent concessions to
boredom. There is nothing exceptionally revealing or inventive
about Creighton's treatment of this
period in history — the inquisitive
student of Canadian affairs could
learn as much elsewhere. McClelland and Stewart, undoubtedly
aware that Donald Creighton is no
match for Pierre Berton's
audience appeal, had to resort to
some form of unorthodox
salesmanship and hence, the dust
jacket hype.
Given an interest in Canadian
history and a talent for remaining,
awake and alert through
seemingly endless waves of tedium
about parliamentary
manoeuverings and constitutional
impasses, there is something to be
gained from reading this book.
However, don't expect to be exceed in the process.
The Forked Road covers an 18-
year period in which some basic
decisions about Canada's future
were made. In 1939, according to
Creighton, Canada came upon a
forked road. As a nation Canada
could have continued along the
familiar, old route of being an
inward looking, essentially,
colonial nation. Instead, however,
the government chose a new road
into the future and worked toward
developing the country's own
identity as an independent participant in world affairs.
The transformation of Canada
from a country whose foreign
envoys prior to 1939 had behaved
like "awkward and tongue-tied
country cousins" to a respected
middle power, was reflective of
changes in our leadership.
MacKenzie King, for example, had
seen any Canadian foreign policy
as "an expensive and dangerous
luxury." Domestic politics to him,
should be almost the sole concern
of any Canadian prime minister.
Lester Pearson, on the other
hand, saw his role as "taking
Canada out of its stuffy,
meaningless North American
isolation and into the bracing
currents of international affairs."
The manifestation of Pearson's
thinking could be seen in Canada's
willing participation in such international bodies as the UN,
NATO, and to some extent the
Commonwealth of Nations.
Canada also matured
domestically during this time
period. Economically, Canadians
survived several short recessions
and fought successfully against
serious inflation. Citizens now
enjoyed greater security through
enlightened programs such as
family allowances and old age
A new awareness was developing
in the Arts with the creation of the
Canada Council, the Winnipeg
Ballet and the Stratford Festival.
GABRIELLE ROY ... Canadian arts come into their own
New discoveries of energy and
metals also helped Canada's self-
image even though the merchandising of these resources was
largely controlled by foreign
(mainly American) interests.
Unlike some of Canada's more
nationalistic minded historians
who tend to confuse fact and
fantasy in what is essentially an
elephant and mouse relationship,
Creighton tells it like it is. He does
not hesitate to point out, for
example, how FDR dominated and
overpowered MacKenzie King. He
calls their relationship one of
"master and pupil" with FDR the
"acknowledged senior."
On another occasion he chastizes
the Canadian government, which
during the Second World War,
allowed American military courts
"the power to try all offences
committed   by   the   U.S.   armed
forces in Canadian territory (i.e.
the North) even those including
The few strengths this book
possesses do not warrant its billing
as "a work of major historical
significance." The student of
Canadian history who is likely to be
turned on by a rather commonplace and undistinguished
narrative, this book is heartily
MacKENZIE    KING . . .   foreign   policy   an   expensive   luxury.
Saturday, February 26, 8:30
somewhere to go
after class
after the show
... after anything!
authentic Italian ice creams
espresso • cappuccino fresh juices -snacks
homemade desserts
— 731-8522 —
Open Early and Late Every Day
Friday, February 25, 1977
Page Friday, 7 "ft*.
Here is your chance to see the
world premiere of The Case, a one-
act play written by UBC's Morris
Panycz. Performances, by
members of the theatre department, are free. The final performance is on tonight, Feb. 25 at 8
p.m. in the Dorothy Somerset
The downtown public library at
Robson and Burrard is sponsoring
a four-week series, Writers of Our
Own: B.C. authors reading and
talking about their work. The first
program is on Thursday, March 3
at 8 p.m. SFU writer in residence,
George Ryga, will be reading from
his latest novel. Admission is free.
On Feb. 27 at the. West End
Community Centre there will be a
poetry reading featuring George
McWhirter, Rosalind MacPhee
and Robert Bringhurst. Open
readings are from 2 to 3 p.m. while
the scheduled poets go on at 3 p.m.
Bring your poetry. Admission is
The Vancouver Brass Quintet
featuring the principal brass
musicians of the Vancouver
Symphony Orchestra will be
playing at the James Cowan
Theatre on Friday at 8 p.m. The
program will be highlighted with
selections by J. S. Bach, Bartok
and the King of. Rag, Scott Joplin.
Tickets are $4 and $3 for students.
Bach fans are particularly lucky
this week. On March 2 at 8:30 p.m.,
Patrick Wedd, one of Canada's
most distinguished and widely
heard organists and harpsichordists will be having a Bach
harpsichord recital. The place is
the Koerner Recital Hall, Music
Centre, 1270 Chestnut. For
students, tickets are $2. They are
available at the Magic Flute
Record Shop or call 732-6026 for
The Vancouver East Cultural
Centre presents Days Months and
Years To Come, the Centre's
resident New Music ensemble.
Tickets are $3, $2 for students. The
event is on Sunday, Feb. 27 at 9
David Rosenboom is one of the
most active experimental
musicians on the North American
continent. On Feb. 28, at 8:30 p.m.,
he will perform a new work, using
a biofeedback instrument, at the
Western Front, 303 East Eighth.
During the course of this composition, a computer analyzes the
information detected from the
performer's nervous system and
translates this data into patterns
which are made audible by
Rosenboom's specially designed
synthesizer. Admission is $1 for
members, $2 for others.
Seven musicians of the
Provisional Brass Tacks Choir will
entertain at the Burnaby Art
Gallery on Sunday at 2:30 p.m.,
Feb. 27. Vocal pieces from
classical to jazz will be included as
well as various instrumental
music, costumes and dances. Free,
At the James Cowan Theatre,
jazz night is Feb. 26 at 8:30 p.m.
Eve Smith, a blues and jazz singer
will perform. Advance tickets are"
available at Leader Sound, $3.
At the Vancouver East Cultural
Centreon Monday nights, there are
movies for $1.25. On Feb. 28 they
are showing It's a Wonderful Life
starring James Stewart and Donna
Reed. The show starts at 8 p.m.
Also at the centre on Feb. 27 at 2
p.m., the children's matinee is
showing the movie Kidnapped.
Tickets are 50 cents for children
and $1 for adults.
■ The Pacific Cinematheque shows
films from Monday through
Saturday for $1.25. The showings
are at 1155 West Georgia and the
doors open 15 minutes before show
time. On Friday, Feb. 25 at 7 and 9
p.m., Night Moves, starring Gene
Hackman and Jennifer Warren is
There is still time to see Transitions, an art show appearing at
the Fine Arts Gallery until March
5. Transitions is an examination of
extreme changes in style and
accompanying attitudes. It
features well-known artists Ivan
Eyre, Brian Fisher, Al Mc-
Williams, Gordon Smith and
Richard Turner. The gallery is
located in the basement of Main
Library and the hours are from
10:30 to 5 p.m. Tuesday through
Every Sunday night from 7 to 10
p.m. there is Night Watch Coffeehouse situated in the United
Church basement at Second and
Larch. Bring instruments, games
and food.
Here is an opportunity to see a
program of mime vignettes done
free of charge by the Axis Mime
Tlieatre. A company of four,
directed by Wayne Specht, explores a variety of stylistic approaches to humor, delighting all
ages. This show is playing at the
Dunbar Community Centre, 4757
Dunbar, and starts at 2:30 p.m.,
Feb. 27, a Sunday.
FINE ARTS GALLERY . .. untitled by Al McWilliams
unsurpassed performance
for under $160
by Panasonic
For     years     you've
known    Technics   direct-
drive   turntables.   Unsurpassed
performace at any price. Now you
can   get   a Technics turntable for only
$159.00. With the Technics servo-belt drives.
Unsurpassed performance at that price.
They did it by applying Technics direct-drive technonogy
to   our   belt-drive   system.   By   using   a   frequency  generator
servo-controlled DC motor with highly reliable IC circuits that many
manufacturers save for their expensive turntables.
They did it by adding electronic speed switching instead ot mechanical switching.
So you won't get stretched belts. But you will get greater reliability. There's also a
servo amplifier that electronically locks the motor into the correct speed. So fluctuations in
AC line voltage or frequency won't affect turntable spead.
The results. The kind of outstanding specs you expect from Technics. Like rumble, wow and flutter
figures so low they're virtually inaudible. Like extremely low power consumption. So there's less heat
and less deterioration of internal lubrication, which means longer motor life.
For precision tracking, a statically balanced S-shaped tone arm. One anti-skating adjustment for all
types of styli. And viscous-damped cueing.
And there's more. Like 6% variable pitch controls. CD-4 phono cables. An integral base with simulated
metal finish. A hinged detachable dust cover. Plus, there's a built-in stroboscope and automatic return.
The Technics frequency generator servo turntable. Unsurpassed performance for only $159.00.
Wow and flutter (WRMS)
Rumble (DIN B)
Power Consumption
Suggested Retail Price'
3 watts
2699 W. Broadway
"The Finest For Less"
Page Friday, 8
Friday, February 25, 1977 Friday, February 25, 1977
Page  13
Soroka rejects reprimand
From page 1
has no right to censure or fire an
employee for his persona] beliefs
— as exercised outside working
hours — which in effect supported
"I am not pleading for my job,"
Soroka told 200 law students at the
meeting. "I don't care if I have to
chop wood in Pouce Coupe. I will
not retreat from my principles one
Soroka said he kept silent on the
issue for two months after hearing
from Kenny in the hope Kenny
would back down. Several faculty
members told him Kenny would
back down quietly, he said.
"When I went to the Harry Sch
warz roast, I wasn't wearing a sign
which said, 'Al Soroka, law
librarian.' I was not identified as a
UBC employee in any way."
He asked why no disciplinary
action is being taken against
protesting students if action is
taken against himself.
"The implications of this are
extremely sinister. It sort of
parallels the Watergate episode. I
don't know whether that statement
was a libel of Nixon or a libel of
Kenny," Soroka added as the
audience laughed.
"I will not promise you that I will
not oppose fascism and give up my
right of protest for my job."
LSA president Andrew Kern told
the meeting only one of the 10 law
professors he had approached with
a petition on the subject would sign
it. "Among the comments we had
was that they were afraid to sign
Kern said later many professors
had "legalistic objections" to the
petition, which took one and a half
days to draft.
The Association of University
and College Employees, local 1,
passed a motion at a membership
meeting Thursday deploring any
actions against Soroka.
"Any attempt to threaten the
livelihood of Mr. Soroka or any
other person as a result of freely
expressed views and legal political
actions is immoral and contrary to
natural jusiice," said the motion,
which did not endorse Soroka's
actions at the Schwarz speech.
"Therefore we demand that the
university and presidenl Kenny
cease their harassment of Al
Soroka and refrain from any
measure designed to, or having the
effect of, preventing the expression
of his political views."
1050 W.
TUESDAY - FRIDAY    8 p.m.    12:30 a.m. NIGHTLY
SATURDAYS    7 p.m.- 12:30 a.m. NIGHTLY
HAPPY HOUR FRIDAY         8 - 9:00 p.m.
SOROKA . . . at law student meeting
— jon Stewart photo
*£*   '
Friday, Feb. 25
4:00-6:30 p.m.
Buchanan Lounge
ALL sick bugs
$235 For 36 H.P.
$265 For 40 H.P.
$295 For A V.W. 1500
$305 For A V.W. 1600
1897 BURRARD     731 -8171 QS
25, 1977
The U.B.C administration has indicated that student tuition fees could rise as much as 40% for the coming
year. Tuition fee increases of 40% for students in the Faculty of Arts would mean tuition fees as high as
$650. A tuition fee of $650 would hinder accessibility to post-secondary education and as well make it
difficult for many students presently enrolled in the faculty to return next year.
Cutbacks in education will effect various innovative and effective programs in the faculty of Arts. Programs
such as Arts One, Womens Studies and Urban Studies may be eliminated in order to maintain reduced faculty
budgets. Cutbacks in education will also effect the quality of education in the Faculty of Arts. Departments
such as Psychology, Political Science and Sociology will be forced to drop many sections and courses.
Reductions in these areas will increase class size, make tutorials larger or non-existant and make it difficult
to reach professors outside of class.
The implications of tuition increases and educational cutbacks are immense and they will have far-reaching
effects in the Faculty of Arts. For these reasons the Arts Undergraduate Society urges all students in the
Faculty of Arts to protest against tuition increases and educational cutbacks on March 1 st
12:00 Above Sedgewick Library
ISponsored by the Arts Undergraduate Society Page   14
Friday, February 25, 19|
The I
team i
Bear's >
17 gam
winter s
losses tc
could t>
at a bet
'Birds t
for a b
For n
Bears I
Dzus, n
than   h
had cr
but h
five L
All tl
than tw
was sti
The t
with gc
on the
with a
self defence
UBC's women's centre is
sponsoring a weekend workshop
on emotional self-defence for
The workshop, which begins
tonight and continues until
Sunday, will be led by feminist
therapist Sara David. Registration
forms are available at the women's
centre, SUB 224.
Mexico today
Want to find out about Mexico
but afraid of being jailed by federals or robbed by bandits? Then
listen to Philip Russel, who will
speak  at  7:30 p.m.,   Monday  on
3s\»£ w', &^Ns<*. -. 4?£^8s1. >&~'ts&°*>. vi&^s
.'^Siy>,,c, V..*«a? &?',
Hot flashes
Mexico in room 105 of the Canadian Memorial Church at 1811
West 16th.
People's law
Now you can attend the
Vancouver People's Law School in
the privacy of your own home.
The law school is presenting a
series of legal education programs
on cable television throughout
B.C. You've already missed the
first one, women and labor law —
it was aired Tuesday.
Remaining programs include
small claims, parts one to three,
which will run Tuesday, March 8
and 15 respectively, and
immigration, parts one and two,
which will run March 22 and 29.
Now  you   have no excuse not
Tween classes
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
Film,   La   Prise du Pouvoir de Louis
XIV, noon, Bu. 106.
Kundalini   yoga   class,   $1.50,   9:30
a.m.     every     Friday.      International
House lounge
BCFCSA  dance, members admission
S3, Sheraton Plaza 500.
Free    Cantonese    class,    noon,    Bu.
Thunderbird   hockey  from  Calgary,
7 b.m. on CITR radio.
Film, noon, SUB 212.
Workshop on emotional self defence
by Sara David, registration forms at
women's     centre,      until     Sunday,
Brock lounge.
Ebernard Bethge speaks on Dietrich
Bonhoeffer     and     the     totalitarian
state, 8:15 p.m., lecture hal! 2, IRC.
Square   dance   party,   $1,  tickets at
door,    ail    welcome,    8    p.m.,    SUB
party room.
Choir practice, 9:30 a.m., SUB 212.
Film, The Crossroad, 2:30 p.m.,
SUB auditorium.
Sports night, members only, 7:30 to
11:30   p.m.,   winter   sports   centre,
gym A.
Weekend of student jumping, rides
will be arranged at noon meeting,
boogie Saturday night in Chilliwack,
Chilliwack drop zone.
Union Theological
New York
Dr. Bethge was a personal friend
of Dietrich Bonhoeffer and wrote
a biography at the famed German
theologian after his death at the
hands of the Nazis in 1944. Dr.
Bethge is also the executor of
Bonhoeffer's will.
Lecture Hall 2
Woodward IRC
Vancouver institute
lectures take place on
Saturdays at 8:15 p.m.
on the ubc campus
in lecture hall no. 2
instructional resources
admission to the general
public is free
Conference on psychological
problems involved wltn use of
contraceptives, $1, noon, lecture
hall 2, IRC.
Exhibition,      UBC's     photographic
society,  part   2, 11:30 a.m. to 2:30
p.m.   until   Friday,   AMS art  gallery,,
Practice,    4:30   to   6:30   p.m.,   SUB
party room.
Modern    dance    class    by    Drelene
Gibb, 7:30 to 9:30 p.m., SUB party
Free    Cantonese    class,    noon,    Bu.
Meeting, noon, SUB 224.
to be legally aware. These
programs are an excellent way to
increase your awareness of the law
as it affects you.
Check the listings for channel
and time.
Volunteers, pis*
The Consumer Action League
needs volunteers to help with free
income tax returns for senior
citizens  and   low   income  people.
People are needed to answer
the phone and lill out forms. If
you would like more information,
telephone the league's office at
873-1939 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Tuesday to Friday. After 6 p.m.,
telephone Bonnie Martin at
298-6201 or Andrew Scott at
1110 Seymour St.
Big or Small Jobs
IS S 3!3§]SSI!2]!3!§1@]3!3S!I]S)§]9 BjgggggggBjgggggrijBjggEjrjiii!
1       CANDIA TAVERNA        I
P Call 228-9512/9513 |3
{§ 4510 W. 10th Ave., Open 7 Days a Week 4 p.m. -2 a.m. |]
13 igBlaLlIaBBlSIsBBLsBlaBSIaBlalalalalala [sESSGalalalalsELalals |tn
the GSA presents
8 p.m. to 2 a.m.
Ballroom of the Graduate Centre
Fridays at 8:30
Feb. 25
Plus The Gavin Walker Trio
of the
will be held on
MARCH 3rd 1977
12:30 p.m. IN THE
OPEN FOR 1977-78
The Intramural Program is seeking applicants for the
following positions:
Apply in writing to the following by Friday, 4 March
1977 — Nestor N. Korchinsky, Intramural Co-ordinator, School of Phys. Ed. and Recreation, War
Memorial Gym.
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c. Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Off ice. Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Vancouver.
5 — Coming Events
AN EVENING OF FOLK MUSIC featuring Canadian artists. Saturday,
Feb. 19th, 8:00 p.m. Ukranian Ball,
80S E. Pender. Admission $2.50. Refreshments. Sponsored by Vancouver
Young Communist League.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
70 — Services
Adams Photography, 731-2101, 14»;
West Broadway at Granville  Street
Very low rates. Excellent workmanship. 24-hour service, plus exceptional prices for racquets. Call 733-
1812. 3616 West 4th Ave. Open 10
PIANO TUNING — Expert tuning and:
repairs to all makes. Reduced rates;
to students. Call Dallas Hinton 286-,
8123 anytime.
85 — Typing
CAMPUS DROP-OFF for fast accurate!
typing Reasonable rates. Call 731-1
1807  after  12:0O	
EXCELLENT TYPING at home on fflMs
Selectric. Vancouver pick-up. Reas-|
onable   rates.   986-2577. <
Marine  — 266-5053.
11 — For Sale — Private
BOOKS — Prof, relocating, must sell,
psychology books, great opportunity
to build your  library.  Call 943-2902.
1969 VW. Must Sell, leaving town.
Perfect condition, radio rack, S775.
228-«780  or  594-4722.
20 — Housing
TYPING: Letters, Thesis, Reports, etc,
922-2591, Weekdays after 6:00 p.m.,'
Weekends  9:00-6:00  p.m.
99 — Miscellaneous
Bent  cabin day/week.  732-0174 eves, i
30 - Jobs
at the lutheran campus centre
university & wesbrook $1.00
35 - Lost
Personnes bilingues (Franeais-
Anglais) interessees a participer a
une experience en psychologic Remuneration $10. pour 2 heures.
Priere dappeler Dr. R. Frender.
iOECC Friday, February 25, 1977
Page 15
UBC breaks U of A winning streak
The UBC Thunderbird hockey
team managed to break the
University of Alberta Golden
Bear's winning streak at a record
17 games, Saturday night in the
winter sports centre.
UBC has endured seven previous
losses to Alberta, only one of which
could be called one-sided.
The victory could not have come
at a better time. In two weeks the
'Birds travel to Edmonton to play
for a berth in the national finals.
For nearly 58 minutes the 'Birds
outhustled and outchecked the
Bears building a 5-2 lead.
The unlikely stars were John
Dzus, noted more for his tough play
than his scoring prowess, and
Peter Titchener, a fourth-string
centre who was given his first
opportunity with the 'Birds this
Edmonton coach Clare Drake
had criticized Dzus' play Friday
but he responded Saturday,
scoring two goals.
Titchener was on the ice for all
five UBC goals and created
numerous other scoring opportunities for his linemates.
All the hard work was nearly
wasted though. With just more
than two minutes remaining, play
was stopped to repair a broken
plexiglass panel near the UBC
The break enabled the Bears to
organize their six-man offence
with goaltender Jack Cummings
on the bench. The move paid off
with a goal at 18:02.
Match   box
Canada    West    University    Athletic
Association  championships,   1 p.m.,
Gym  B, Thunderbird sports centre.
Senior Invitational meet, all day,
Canada Dolphins swim club.
Canada West University Athletic
Association championships, all day,
Gym B, Thunderbird sports centre.
Senior Invitational meet, all day,
Canada Dolphins swim club.
University of Washington at U6C,
2:30 p.m., Thunderbird stadium.
Canada West University Athletic
Association championships, 1 p.m.,
Gym B, Thunderbirds sports centre.
Senior Invitational meet, all day,
Canada Dolphins swim club.
Vancouver Community College at
UBC (jvs), 3:15 p.m., winter sports
Takes the shame out of
your body. The HYPERION
CLUB a family travel club.
B.C.'s largest member of
the American Sunbathing
Box 393, Surrey, B.C.
Phone: 585-2663,
[or answering machine:
Cummings returned to the net
just long enough for the Bears to
work the puck into the 'Birds' zone
and get a faceoff.
Again with six attackers the
Bears scored to pull within one.
But the fine work of Ron
Lefebvre in the UBC net stymied
the Bears for the remaining minute
of play.
Ross Cory, Dan Lucas and Doug
Toher scored the other UBC goals.
Titchener's fine play may have
earned him a regular spot on the
team. UBC alternate goaltender
Dave Fischer was especially enthusiastic about the play of Titchener and newcomer Rob Jones,
who saw his first action on Friday
Defencemen Cory and Tottenham played extremely well for
grin bin
Largest Selection
of posters in B.C.
Photo Blow-ups
from negs and prints,
jokes, gifts, etc.
3209 W. Broadway
738 2311
(opposite Super-Valu)
the 'Birds Saturday. Cory's hard
hitting had the opposition forwards
looking all night while Tottenham
led several good rushes.
The 'Birds played equally well
Friday but were defeated 3-1 by the
Edmonton netminder Cummings
was the difference Friday stopping
31 UBC shots, 17 of them in the first
Edmonton scored a goal in every
period, the last with just 26 seconds
The Hamber Cup was awarded to
the Bears for having defeated the
'Birds in seven of the eight games
this season. The award is an annual affair between the Bears and
the 'Birds. Alberta has won the cup
for the past five years.
Rugby team plays
for Tisdall Cup
UBC teams in nationals
The UBC men's and women's
volleyball teams dominated the
third tournament of the Canada
West University Athletic
Association finals Feb. 11 and 12,
winning berths in the national
finals to be held at Waterloo, Ont.,
Feb. 25-27.
The 'Birds swept all their
matches for the second consecutive year during the tournament, held in War Memorial
Gym, to amass a perfect 15 points.
The University of Victoria was
second with 8.25 points, the
University of Saskatchewan third
with 7.5 points, Alberta managed
four and Calgary pulled up the rear
with 2.75 points.
The Thunderettes also cleaned
up finishing the weekend with a 15-
point record. Calgary was second
with 10.25, Victoria got five points,
Saskatchewan with four and
Alberta with 3.25 points. The
Thunderettes are also repeating as
the champions.
The 'Birds placed three players
on the first all-conference team
and another three on the second
team. Tom Jones, Keith Gallicano
and Gary Warner were the UBC
reps on the first squad while Brian
Gambourg (Saskatchewan),
Richard Chappel (Victoria) and
Bruce Wasylik (Alberta) rounded
out the team.
Three Thunderettes were named
to the women's first all-conference
team. Thunderette captain Jo-
Anne Fenton, Kim Brand and
Dorothy Schwaiger were from
UBC, while Melanie Sandford
.(Saskatchewan), Sandy Stevens
(Calgary) and Linda Chui (Victoria) also made the team.
Despite losing the Canada West
rugby title for the first time in
recent memory, last fall the
Thunderbird rugby team is
fighting on four fronts for various
The 'Birds travelled to Oregon
last Friday and Saturday to play
two games in the Northwest Intercollegiate Conference. On Friday
they trounced the Beavers of
Oregon State 52-0. Saturday UBC
scored eight tries, shutting out the
University of Oregon Ducks 43-0.
Meanwhile in the Vancouver
Rugby Union, UBC is hot on the
trail of their first Tisdall Cup in
many years. The 'Birds have
played seven games against first
division clubs and has lost only
once. They have to defeat the Ex-
Brits in their final game to sew up
the first round title and the Cup.
The game has been scheduled
three times. TheEx-Brits have had
to cancel each. It now appears the
game won't take place until near
the end of the term.
In the race for the McKechnie
Cup, the Vancouver Island Rugby
Union   Rep   side   defeated   its
counterpart from the Vancouver
Rugby Union 8-7, on the weekend in
As UBC has already beaten
Vancouver it now appears to be a
contest between the Island side and
the 'Birds for possession of the
trophy. The McKechnie Cup is
symbolic of provincial rugby union
The 'Birds will meet the Fraser
Valley Rugby Union side on March
5 at Queen's Park, in their next
McKechnie Cup round. They are
scheduled to meet the Island side
March 19 at Thunderbird Stadium.
The fourth title the 'Birds are
after is the World Cup. The game
will be played at UBC this year
when the 'Birds host Long Beach
State, March 24.
Two weeks ago the 'Birds appeared off stride as they dropped a
12-4 decision to a tough James Bay
team in what was billed as the
championship of the province.
The 'Birds' next action will be a
Northwest Intercollegiate league
game against the University of
Washington Huskies on Saturday.
Game time is 2:30 p.m. in Thunderbird Stadium.
Only 3 Days Left. . .
4514 W. 10th Ave. At Sasamat
10:00-   6:00
12:00-   5:00 Page 16
Friday, February 25, 1977
330C — The 'Best Buy' rated AM/FM stereo receiver from this respected
manufacturer has over 40 watts RMS with very low distortion and excellent FM.
Clean crisp and powerful, we know you'll be impressed.
960 The 'Best Buy' belt drive multiple play turntable available today. A very
';;;,;::; sophisticated   tonearm  tracks  the  popular  SHURE   M91ED   magnetic  cartridge
"'  (included). A 300 RPM 24 pole motor turns a heavy 12" platter with only 0.05%
WRMS. Base & dust cover are included.
*,*4t,,   tat**.
A beautiful styled belt drive
single play turntable with S-
shaped tonearm that returns
automatically and shuts off.
Our low price includes dust
cover and magnetic
The Name to listen to.
This Integrated Stereo Amplifier
offers 15+15 watts RMS power
at super low distortion levels. If
you are just starting a music
system and demand high-fidelity
try the Scott A-406.
The Name To Listen To.
An all-time favourite returns!
The world renowned model A-
25 is back for a very limited
time. If you've been waiting for
this, act now. This is probably
the last-time we will be able to
offer this loudspeaker to you.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items