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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jul 13, 1983

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Vol.11 No.3
The Summer Ubyssey
July 13-July20, 1983
Critics fear tenure loss
will discourage academics
The new Public Sector Restraint
Act will change B.C. universities
into community colleges, the New
Democratic Party universities critic
charged Friday.
Under the recently announced
budget legislation, tenured professors are among those who can be
fired with no explanation or recourse to appeal, said Lome Nicol-
son (MLA Nelson-Creston).
This effectual loss of tenure will
discourage top academics from
teaching in B.C. he said.
"The ramifications are very odious," said Nicolson. "B.C. will be
U BC faculty association vice-president Dennis Pavelich called the new
legislation "disastrous" for B.C.
universities. Tenure exists to protect
academic freedom, and its loss will
turn good professors away from
B.C., he said.
When the legislation takes effect,
B.C. will be the only place in North
America able to fire tenured professors, said Pavelich.
"It will decrease the quality of
teaching in B.C.." he said. "Who
would want to come and teach here
under the threat of being fired?"
But universities minister Patrick
McGeer said the new act will help
attract high quality academics to
"The better a professor is, the less
interested they are in tenure," he
The combination of living in
scenic Vancouver and unusually
high pay for B.C. professors will
continue to bring top professors to
the province, said McGeer.
"I believe that UBC should be able
to recruit professors at the highest
level. We've never had any problems
Nicolson said the new policy jeopardizes academic freedom of
speech. Professors who openly support the NDP might be singled out
and fired, he suggested.
"It could mean a muzzling of
speech in the universities. It really
could bring government patronage
into the university system."
Pavelich also expressed concern
for the preservation of opposite
viewpoints within universities. "If a
professor becomes quite outspoken
they can be gotten rid of," he said.
"We could be the victims of certain
administrations or the provincial
government trying to change the
nature of the universities."
McGeer said the policy will not
jeopardize professors who speak out
against the government. "Good professors don't lose their jobs," he said.
The legislation, coupled with a
freeze in university funding, means
universities will be forced to cut
back on staff to save money, said
"They could undoubtedly fire a
good many professors," he said.
Larger classes or the abolition of
entire departments can be expected,
Pavelich added. "It's hard to say
how much initiative would come
from the universities and how much
would be dictated by the government."
Nicolson. echoing Pavelich's concerns, said students from B.C. may
have difficulty transferring to other
universities if many professors leave
to seek work elsewhere.
"The reaction of this could go far
beyond the borders of our province"
OBudget knives slash student financial aid
The new provincial budget unveiled Thursday brought even more
grim news for students needing
financial assistance.
As if the tightening of eligibility
rules wasn't bad enough, the new
budget reveals a 40 per cent decrease
in B.C.'s contribution to the student
aid program.
The provincial government has
budgeted $14.6 million for student
aid, a considerable drop from last
year's actual total of $23.3 million.
Originally the government planned
to spend only $15.5 million last year,
but it later added $8.7 million
because of an increase in applications.
Applications are expected to be
up an average of 30 per cent this
year, but government officials say
there are no more available funds to
add to the program.
&$, "It's not a bottomless pit," said
Dick Melville, education ministry
information services director. "Last
year we were just picking up the
share the federal government didn't
pick up.
Melville said the government
doesn't know what it will do when
the budgeted money runs out. "I
don't think anybody has an answer
to that."
Along with the budget, the provincial government announced the
maximum amount of assistance
available for students taking 80 per
cent of a full course load.
Now, the first $2,300 of a student's
assessed need will be federal loan
money, the next $ 1,800 will be 50-50
federal loan and provincial grant,
and the remaining $1,100 will be a
provincial grant. Students will receive almost double the amount of
federal loan they did last year but the
same amount of grant.
And students who don't success
fully complete their previous year of
studies aren't eligible for further aid.
"A student must demonstrate academic advancement," said Melville.
Lisa Hebert, Alma Mater Society
external affairs coordinator, expressed grave concern over the reduction
in B.C.'s contribution.
"It has been demonstrated that an
increase in loans does not increase
accessibility," said Hebert. "It actually deters low income students from
going because of the heavy debt-
load." She added the provincial
government is shifting the burden of
student aid onto the federal government.
When asked about the effect of an
increased debt-load on students
from lower income backgrounds,
Melville replied: "Students may
have to pay a little bigger loan — I
guess that's the price of an education."
B.C.'s student aid program pres
ently discriminates against the poor
because they are unable to participate in the education system their
tax-money helps to pay for, said
Stephen Learey, Canadian Federation of Students — Pacific region
chair. "It will make universities
more elitist," he said.
Melville admitted the new "successful completion" criteria will be
difficult to administer and will
require more paper work from
financial awards offices.
"It's like opening a can of worms,"
said David Crawford, Simon Fraser
University's assistant financial aid
Determining whether students
have "successfully completed" their
previous year of studies will be
almost impossible at colleges because students often go there to
improve their grade point average,
not to finish a year of school, said
Stagnant levels
force cutbacks
Universities will be forced to
implement cutbacks as a result of a
decrease in funding levels announced with the July 7 budget, a
student representative charged
Stephen Learey, Canadian Federation of Students - Pacific region
chair, said this year's funding totals
are decreasing because they do not
reflect increases in federal education financing or inflation.
According to Lee Southern,
Universities Council of B.C. secretary, the general purpose operating
grant which finances universities
will remain exactly the same as last
year's level —after $ 12 million was
cut from the grant in the fall. The
grant totals $300,993,292 he said.
"We were told some time ago
that we would be fortunate to
receive the same amount."
But federal education funding
through established programs
financing increased by eight per
cent this year, Southern said. The
provincial government has simply
absorbed the increase into general
accounts, he said.
"It (the increase) certainly didn't
result in any increase for universities this year."
Without an increase in funding
more cutbacks will be necessary,
Learey said. "Coupled with the
position professors are put in (with
their loss of tenure), it's going to be
another bad year."
But Jane Burnes, universities
ministry policy coordinator claimed
with this year's grant inflation was
taken into account.
Burnes said last year was an
unusual circumstance with $12
million being cut from UCBC funds
which are distributed among B.C.'s
three universities.
UCBC officials will meet July 25
to decide how much each university will receive, Southern said.
UCBC has no fixed set of criteria by which it determines how to
allocate the funds, but factors such
as enrolment and increasing costs
for programs are considered.
"We have to take all those considerations into account and try to
make some judgements," Southern
He said UBC has traditionally
received the smallest share from
UCBC but he could not predict
how the money will be divided this
year. "Council has not yet had an
opportunity to look at the figures."
Southern said universities may
be receiving more money from
another fund entitled operating
grant other which goes to special
projects, such as expansion of
departments. Universities minister
Pat McGeer decides on allocation
of this fund, he said.
Learey said student representatives will be going to the legislature
July 21 to lobby MLAs on their
concerns about education. Students
will also set up a lemon-aid stand
to inform government officials of.
their desperate situation, he added.
Clip and slave! Page 2
Wednesday, July 13, 1983
Twilight Zone confuses
Twilight Zone — The Movie
Playing at the Capitol Six
"You're travelling through another dimension..."
First stop, Episode One, directed
by John Landis. Nasty bigots deserve
all they get. Vic Morrow condemns
three-quarters of the human race.
(Ta-na-na-na, ta-na-na-na, here
comes justice, Twilight Zone style.)
See Morrow as a Jew in Nazi Germany, Morrow as a black man
pursued by Klu Klux Klan members,
Morrow doing a Martin Sheen-
Apocalypse-Now-imitation and getting shot by the American soldiers.
A herd-driving but disjointed episode. No helicopter crashes in sight.
"...A dimension of not only sight
and sound, but of mind..."
Second stop, Episode Two, directed by Stephen Spielberg. The
cinematic question of our times: Can
Steven Spielberg make a movie
without kids and vaseline on the
camera edges? A more philosophical
question: What emanates more sunshine? The humble sun or a mighty
Spielberg concoction? Central question in Episode Two: will the old
people, led by Scatman Crothers,
kick the can, and if so, what will
happen when they recapture their
youth? The question in the moviegoer's mind: Will Steven Spielberg
ever kick the cinematic bucket?
"...A journey into a wondrous
Third stop, Episode Three, directed by Joe Dante. Ever since
Kathleen Quinlan starred as a mental patient in I Never Promised You
A Rose Garden, she hasn't had a
sane role. This one is no exception.
The over-rated Joe Dante episode
tries to capture the world of Saturday morning cartoon monsters as a
part of a young boy's twisted powers. The brat is holding his family
hostage —they just don't understand him.
Enter Quinlan, who sets the lad
right. Is that a devilish gleam we see
in her eyes? Double-lock the doors
and bring the straight jackets,
"...A wondrous land whose boundaries are that of imagination..."
Fourth stop, Episode Four, directed by George Miller. Excellent
episode that shows Miller's Mad
Max and its sequel, The Road Warrior, weren't exciting adventures by
pure chance. In this episode, John
Lithgow (the transexual Roberta
Muldoon in the World According
To Garp) stars as a man whose fear
of airplanes is compounded when he
thinks he sees a creature on the left-
wing on the aircraft.
When no one believes him, he
takes matters into his own hands
and is promptly thrown into the
straight jacket that should have been
reserved for Quinlan and company
in Episode Three. The scariest of the
four episodes — and almost worth
waiting for.
"Next stop, the Twit Zone.."
Essays, resumes, letters.
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Up to $50,500 will be spent on
renovations to the SUB courtyard to
meet safety regulations.
Construction began last week on
the courtyard, which has been unused since SUB was built because
the area was deemed a fire hazard,
said Charles Redden, Alma Mater
Society general manager.
Money for the renovations is coming from the capital acquisitions
reserve fund. The fund was set up
two years ago after payments on
SUB were completed and revenue
started coming in, Redden said
Originally $35,000 was allocated
for the renovations, but student
council decided at its June 29 meeting to increase the amount by
$15,500 after revised estimates were
The expenditure will effectively
drain the reserve for the balance of
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the year, he said. A five year repayment time for the courtyard is necessary to allow revenues to cover the
expenses for renovations, Redden
A need for more club space and
more rooms for bookings facilitated
the move to make use of the courtyard area, he said.
Only 60 per cent of the area can be
used because of fire regulation restrictions, Redden said.
Council decided to allocate $5,000
for SUB renovations concerning
access for the disabled at the same
Neither of these projects will be
drawn from the capital acquisition
fund created after the AMS passed a
referendum raising student fees by
$20 in November. Preliminary drawings are currently being worked on
for renovations to the SUB plaza
which will use funds from the fee
referendum, said Redden.
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Page 3
New security bill rankles coalition
The first step in building a broad-
based Vancouver coalition opposed
* to the creation of the Canadian
Security Intelligence Service took
place last week as members of a wide
variety of groups met to discuss the
«ft About 70 people who turned up
on  short,  word  of mouth notice
x heard Burnaby NDP MP Svend
Robinson detail the controversial
wording of Bill C-157, which establishes the CSIS to replace the discredited RCMP Security Service, qnd
.^     later decided to launch a coalition of
opposition to the bill.
"We in this room and the groups
we represent are going to be the
primary targets of this legislation,
regardless of what is said about
'national security' and 'terrorism',"
said Robinson. He said he believes
the actual bill itself will not be
passed and is simply a trial balloon
floated by the government to determine how much it can get away with
in later legislation.
Robinson said that despite its
flaws, the MacDonald Royal Commission into RCMP wrongdoing
had two main strengths: its call for
the RCMP or any successor agency
to adhere to the rule of law and its
belief that any agency must remain
accountable to parliament. Both
recommendations have been totally
ignored in the CSIS legislation.
The legislation would make legal
many of the illegal activities undertaken by the Security Service in the
1970s, such as the theft of Parti
Quebecois membership lists, said
Robinson. Under Section 22 the bill
states a warrant granted by a judge
would allow a CSIS agent to "enter
—chris wong photo
Latest in long line of cliche Ubyssey photos: "Musicians Playing Outside of SUB on Sunny Day." Pix is
part of rag's time-honored tradition of taking as many pictures as possible when sun shines, re-inforcing
world-wide conspiracy about this province's super, natural weather. Lastest Socred cutback on sunshine
could curtail any more Dixie duos playing on campus.
Last breath choked from program
The final blow has been dealt to
the women's studies program at
Langara community college.
Its one remaining course, an introduction to women's studies focussing on psychology, sociology and
women's literature, has been eliminated because of cutbacks in the college's budget.
The 10 year old interdisciplenary
program maintained a steady enrollment, said Simon Fraser University
professor Margaret Benston, who
conducted an external examination
of the program. The four instructors
who team-taught the course have
subsequently lost their contract, she
"The college has lost a lot more
than it paid for. The women involved
put a lot of time into the course for
which they never got paid," Benston
Work study funds denied
UBC's work study program is in
The program, which was expected
to create 500 jobs next year, was
refused funding by the board of governors July 7.
A request from the Alma Mater
Society for $450,000 was turned
down because of lack of funds. If
approved, UBC's contribution to
the program would have increased
$200,000 from last year, the first
year of the program.
The provincial government has
pledged $181,000 for the program
this year, the same amount as last
Work study is a program for students who qualify for student assistance beyond the maximum amount
available. Students work in various
university departments for union
wages and do anything from filing to
computer programming.
AMS external affairs co-ordinator Lisa Hebert said the board
wanted to see the program contin
ued, but the freeze in university
funding meant no money was available.
But UBC president George Pedersen will meet with student representatives and an awards officer Tuesday to try to locate extra funds for
the program, said Hebert.
She warned against holding the
program off for too long while officials juggle with UBC's budget.
"If they place it too far on hold
they've effectively killed the program," she said.
Minds promoted
The wheels have been set in
motion at UBC to prepare for a
national universities week, in early
October. University staff and students across Canada will be promoting public awareness of universities
from Oct. 2 to 8.
The slogan for the awareness
week is "We have the future in
minds," said Pedersen.
ston said. This is usually the case
when a course is taught by a number
of instructors, she said.
The college was displeased with
the course because it was "untidy"
and involved too many instructors,
she said. "It didn't fit into their typical course mold."
The course cost $1,000 in salaries
for a month, and $4,000 a term.
More than 80 courses at Langara
have been eliminated because of
budget restraints, but women's studies is the only entire program to be
cut, said Frances Wasserlein, a
member of the Langara women's
studies advisory committee.
Women attending college will not
be able to get a grounding in
women's studies in preparation for a
senior program at university, she
said. And many women only able to
attend a two year college will be
forever denied the opportunity to
take women's studies.
The committee has organized a
letter writing campaign to protest
the decision and to urge Langara's
administration to reconsider. "We
want to bring it to the principal's
attention that it will be a serious loss
to the community and will effect
many women," she said.
Langara's principal Jim Denholm
said he has been responding to the
letter he has received about the
course, but he is not trying to "raise
people's hopes."
"I'm saying I'm sorry, but no,
things are pretty bleak for this fiscal
year. But pending more funding, it
might be reconsidered," he said.
any place or open or obtain access to
any thing; to search for, remove or
return, or examine, take extracts
from or make copies of or record in
any other manner the information,
record, document or thing; or to
install, maintain or remove any
Robinson also pointed oui that
the legislation states the government
minister responsible is not empowered to override the decision of the
CSIS's director on what information or intelligence should be given
to the federal or any provincial
government or other authorities.
Thus the director could refuse to
provide evidence of CSIS lawbreak-
ing or other objectionable actions to
legal authorities, eliminating any
possibility of prosecution.
Further, the bill gags the media
and public from reporting on the
identity of any "person who is or was
a confidential source of information
or assistance to the service or any
person who is or was an employee
engaged in covert operational activities of the service." The penalty for
contravening this section is up to
five years in jail.
Meeting organizers pointed out
that under this clause the case of
Ottawa Peace Camp organizer
Andy Moxley, who recently admit-
The rights of B.C. tenants have
been stripped away as "landlord
dreams come true," said representatives from Vancouver tenant associations.
Under the new Residential Tenancy Act, rent controls, rent review,
and the rentalsman's office are abolished and landlords can evict tenants
without cause.
"Those creeps in Victoria have
knifed every right we have," said Jim
Green, president of the downtown
resident's association. "Landlords
will be milking every penny they can
get from everyone."
With the rentalsman's office stamped out, Green said tenants are more
likely to be cheated by their landlords.
The rentalsman's office has acted
as an adjudicator and mediator in
disputes over such things as rent,
repairs, and security deposits. In
1982, the office helped 114,000 people, according to section manager
Tara McDairmid.
Students, working class people,
and the unemployed will suffer most
from the new legislation, said Green.
"Rent controls are the only things
that allow poor people to have a
home," he said.
"Students are already ripped off.
Now landlords will raise the rent to
the absolute maximum."
The downtown residents association deals with thousands of tenancy
problems each year, said Green.
With the rentalsman's office and the
human rights commission legislated
out of existence, he expects a huge
increase in the number of people
seeking advice from the association.
Linda Mead, service co-ordinator
for the Red Door Rental Aid
Society, said she was appalled by the
government's new tenant legislation.
"It's outrageous," she said. "It's
going to put tenants right up against
the wall."
"Students who have quite secure
accomodation may be faced with
eviction notices and sent out into
this horrible market."
The substitution of the court system for the rentalsman's office discriminates against poor people, said
Mead. Few people qualify for legal
aid anymore, and lawyers will cost
ted he was a paid RCMP Security
Service spy and also investigated
Carleton University professors,
would never have been made public
As Robinson summed up the bill:
"First of all we give the service a
license to break any law it wants,
then the law breaking must be
judged by the director of the service
and the minister and then if the law
has been broken the press cannot
report on it. That sounds a lot like a
police state to me."
Audience members agreed to
work against the bill and its implications by bringing their various
organizations together in a broad-
based coalition. People at the Kits
House meeting included members of
the NDP, the Law Union, the Canadian Union of Postal Workers,
environmental, anti-porn, civil liberties, socialist and other progressive groups.
Robinson said other groups are
also meeting in cities across Canada
to begin the fight against the legislation. The Vancouver meeting tentatively decided to hold a major rally
in September and to spend the
summer building up a coalition of
groups united in opposition to
more than the security deposits people may be fighting to get back, she
"The provincial government is not
banking on many people using the
courts," Mead said.
Red Door is a housing relocation
service which helps 400 to 500 people a month, said Mead. But the
government may also terminate Red
Door services when their contract
runs out in August, she added.
"I think tenants are in for a very,
very tough time," she said.
to become
Students may soon be able to
attend only one B.C. university to
take the program of their choice.
The Universities Council of B.C.
has set in motion a strategic planning project to assess the possibility
of specialization within B.C.'s university system.
The project will examine the curriculum and expenditures of each
university to see how funds can best
be spent, said UCBC chair Bill
Gibson.  ,
"It is long overdue," he said.
Maintaining and increasing the
quality of different programs will be
a main concern of the planning project, said Gibson.
"Specialization would develop
centres of excellence instead of having a department store of secondary
education," he said.
If specialization occurs, some students may be at a disadvantage, Gibson admitted. He could not offerany
immediate solutions, but said more
research is needed before any decisions are made.
UCBC hopes to start research in
September after a project management committee is chosen with representatives from the three universities, the universities ministry, and
treasury board, said Gibson.
The project, scheduled for completion in December 1984, will focus
on a five-year planning period beginning in 1985. Page 4
Wednesday, July 13, 1983
B.C. stripped
British Columbia now has the proud distinction of having the most
right wing government north of Guatemala. And while Bill Bennett and
his boys may not yet be quite as bad as Rios Montt, their recently
introduced budget shows that they are slightly ahead of the Reagan
gang in their race to the extreme right.
Although they have not stooped so low as to classify ketchup as a
vegetable, the Bennett government has introduced several other measures that do not bode well for B.C. Or for UBC.
Civil servants may now be dismissed without cause and without
recourse to appeal. Aside from its assault on collective bargaining, the
new legislation also means that university professors are no longer
protected by tenure. This will undoubtedly cause another drop in the
quality of education in B.C. because few top notch professors will want
to teach at universities that do not offer academic freedom or job
Once again students have warranted Victoria's attention. And once
again Victoria has decided there are too many students. Why else
would they so drastically decrease the funds available for student
loans? Where exactly does the government expect people to get money
to attend university? Loans are down. Jobs are down. Tuition fees are
up. Rents will soon be up. And government job creation just improved
by minus 400.
As for universities themselves, funding for the next year has in reality
decreased because of an eight per cent increase in the federal government's Established Program Financing and inflation. Perhaps one
could make some sense of this, were it not for the fact that health care
is also suffering severe cutbacks.
The Budget Disaster begs one question — what exactly happened to
the money that amounts to a 12 and a half per cent increase in the
deficit? We've heard plenty about the cuts. We need them because
we're spending too much, says Bill. So how to explain the 12 and a half
per cent spending increase?
Maybe the government has started their very own economy-building,
security-conscious, independent B.C. Army. That way, they could really
control any unruly students, professors, or unionists.
Just like in Guatemala.
Wiatr disputes solidarity study group fact sheet
At the Solidarity with Solidarnosc picket line organized by the
Solidarity Study Group on July 4 a
fact sheet was distributed containing
information about professor Jerzy
Wiatr and his position in the Polish
regime. In a recent discussion with
professor Wiatr he outlined his
objections to our fact sheet, which
he said featured a number of "incorrect statements".
We would like to publicly correct
Boycott UBC
The UBC Solidarity study group
is asking students to boycott the
classes of a professor and advisor to
the Polish government to demonstrate that "repression of trade-
unionists, academics, and intellectuals under any circumstances will
never go unnoticed and will always
be opposed" (Wiatr an unwelcome
ambassador at UBC, July 6, 1983).
Since the majority of the members
of my department have been or are
advisors to the Trudeau administration, which is guilty of similar crimes
(e.g., The War Measures Act, price
and wage controls, wiretapping of
peace activists), will the UBC study
group be calling for a boycott of the
department of economics in September?
Jack Gibbons
grad studies
any errors arising out of inaccurate
sources cited by the group and
comment on them. Any mistakes
made were based on apparently
inaccurate reports available to us
and were not repeated knowingly or
maliciously to harm the reputation
of professor Wiatr. We believe the
truth to be the best comment on his
current role in the Polish military
Further, we are happy to leave to
the public to judge whether those
errors significantly alter anyone's
perception of professor Wiatr's position of whether UBC should have
honoured such an individual with a
teaching post.
1. We stated that professor Wiatr
was touring the U.S. and Canada
less than two weeks after matial law
was declared on Dec. 13 1981 (a typo
stated 1983). According to professor
Wiatr this was not the case. He was,
however, in Mexico in the second
half of January, 1982.
2. Professor Wiatr states that at
no time did he run for the position of
rector of the University of Warsaw.
According to professor Andrew
Ehrenkreutz of the University of
Michigan, quoted in the Ann Arbor
News of Nov. 18, 1982, professor
Waitr was nominated for rector by
the Polish United Workers Party
(Poland's communist party) and
defeated "by a vote of his colleagues". We take professor Wiatr's
word that such was not the case and
Wednesday, July 13, 1983
The Summer Ubyssey is published Wednesdays during
summer session by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
British Columbia, with the assistance of a grant from the provincial government Youth Employment Program. Editorial
opinions are those of the staff and are not necessarily those of
the AMS, the university administration or the provincial
government. Member, Canadian University Press. The Summer Ubyssey's editorial office is SUB 241k. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
The good ship Ubyssey floundered in stormy Socred seas "God hung up on me."
moaned Chris Wong in distress "I only asked him how UBC was going to cope with
budget cuts " "Hang on and phone again called Sarah Cox and Patti Flather as they
clung to the sloping deck "Don't give up yet." shouted Tom Hawthorn while Muriel
Draaisma and Brian Jones fought for the last life preserver "We won't have anywhere to
ive." griped Neil Lucente and Stephen Wisenthal "We won't have |Obs either " they
cried "What's going on here?" asked Joan Woodward and Jagdeep Dhami "Why are
they sinking us'' "I told you riot to vote Socred ' said Keith Baldrey
will be contacting professor Ehrenkreutz to determine if he was misquoted or how such information was
3. Professor Wiatr disputed that
his appointment as dean of the philosophy and sociology department
at the University of Warsaw was a
"political appointment", as we
termed it. He says he was indeed
appointed, rather than elected, but
was subsequently confirmed in a
secret vote of facutly members.
4. We stated that after Solidarity's rise, free elections were held for
university positions, which resulted
in professor Wiatr losing his dean-
ship. According to professor Wiatr a
vote of confidence on his continued
leadership of the department was
held. The result was a vote of 12 in
fa vour, eight against and four abstentions. Following this professor
Wiatr resigned because he felt the
low majority in his favour was not
sufficient to support his leadership.
5. We stated that professor Wiatr
"tried to be elected" president of the
International Political Science Association (IPSA) in 1982 and because
of his ties to the government, he did
not get the post. Professor Wiatr
claims that after being nominated by
Canadian professor John Meisel he
expressed his willingness to stand
for the presidency. There was no
alternative nomination, in keeping
with IPSA tradition of filling posts
by acclamation, but after objections
were raised about professor Wiatr's
nomination he withdrew in the "best
interests of the association."
6. Our fact sheet stated professor
Wiatr "has explicitly argued for the
use of violence against political
opponents." This was based on a
passage from his 1964 book Society,
which said, according to a translation supplied to us by the Association in Support of Solidarity, "the
state of the dictatorship of the proletariat
phase of the development of the
socialistic state. It exists until there
are class contradictions, anti-socialist movements and the necessity to
protect the working class by using
well organized violence."
Professor Wiatr says this statement is from his textbook and
simply describes traditional Marx
ist-Leninist doctrine, and is not a
call for violence against specific
people, which he felt was our implication.
7. Professor Wiatr was unhappy
with our objections to his being dis-
cribed as a "moderate" in the Polish
government, pointing out that he
has been attacked by the Soviet
journal New Times for his "moderate" views.
These then are professor Wiatr's
complaints as stated to me last week.
If I have been inaccurate in restating
them I welcome professor Wiatr to
further illuminate his position.
Some comment is necessary on
the specific points and in general. On
point 1 we stand corrected, but the
essential thing to remember is that
shortly after martial law was imposed
professor Wiatr was freely able to
leave Poland for travel to the west,
unlike other Polish academics.
On point 2 we were clearly misinformed, as perhaps professor Ehrenk
reutz was as well. On point 3 we still
feel that such an appointment, even
subject to facutly approval after the
fact, was political.
Point 4 was accurate in that as a
result of a vote professor Wiatr lost
the deanship, although clearly according to his account it was his own
decision that the confidence expressed was not sufficient to continue
that ended his term.
With point 5 we feel that "expressing a willingness to stand" for the
IPSA presidency is equivalent to
having "tried to be elected". Further,
our information that an objection
from the U.S. affiliate caused professor Wiatr not to win the position
is accurate.
Professor Wiatr is correct on
point 6 in stating that his quote is
simply Marxist-Leninist doctrine
and not anything uniquely attributable to him. However it would be
unusual in the extreme for the direc-
See page 6: International
Dialogue necessary with
repressive Polish regime
Wiatr, an honor to the political
science department.
Jerzy Wiatr has taught at UBC
before, but this time he is associated
with a repressive Jaruzelski regime.
The political science department's
decision to appoint Wiatr in spite of
his ideology is, I think, an act of
courage and a move towards a possibility of meaningful dialogue. One
of the main ways we can peacefully
influence repressive regimes is to
have an open dialogue with the
On the contrary, a cut in communication with a controversial regime
may well reinforce this regime. The
absence of continual outside confrontation will permit the power-
holders to easily justify their actions
between themselves.
The UBC Solidarity Study
Group's demonstration before
Wiatr's class was a good example of
disapproval towards Jaruzelski's
regime. But for Wiatr to witness this
expression of miscontent (sic), he
had to be invited to Canada first.
I therefore think that the political
science department has honorably
opened a way for UBC students to
express their view on the Poland
affair, either through demonstrations or direct dialogue with Wiatr
in his courses or his public lectures.
Paul Beaudry
grad studies
Letters should be as brief as possible and typed on a 70 space line.
They must be hand delivered and
identification shown by 4:30 p.m.
the Friday before publication to The
Ubyssey's office in SUB 241k.
The summer Ubyssey reserves the
right to edit for brevity, taste, libel,
grammar and spelling. Sexist or
racist letters will not run.
Please address letters to the newspaper staff, because there is no editor, and if there was one, chances are
67-33 that "Sir" would be a woman.
If you have any questions or comments, drop by SUB 241k, or call us
at 228-2301/2305 Wednesday, July 13, 1983
Page 5
Memorable play from Havel
In the cool and sophisticated '80's,
criticizing the "System" is complet -
ely out of style. But The Memorandum, written by Czechoslovakian
playwright Vaclav Havel in 1965, is
a perfect example of the rebellious
'60s speaking directly to the '80s.
Though the play is almost 20 years
old, Havel's observations about
modern bureaucratic society are still
applicable today.
At first. The Memorandum appears to be only an indictment of the
DIRECTOR...opposes new office language
Western capitalist system, but as the
play progresses it becomes apparent
that it is also a condemnation of
communist systems. (This can also
be surmised from Havel's own history — he wrote the play just three
years before the Prague Spring, and
is now in prison for his human rights
The Memorandum
by Vaclav Havel
directed by John Cooper
playing at the Frederic Wood
Theatre until July 23
Havel's accomplishment in The
Memorandum is an incisive and
humorous exposition of the cruelty
and sheer ridiculousness of any
authoritiarian bureaucracy, whether
it is left or right. In rejecting ideology, he shows bureaucracy to be an
ideology in and of itself.
Havel's ideas and characters are
competently portrayed by the UBC
Stage Campus '83 cast. With standard blue office uniforms and slick
black hair, they sometimes resemble
unthinking robots as they march
across the stage, fruitlessly moving
stacks of paper from one desk to
another. The set is a collection of
sterile offices, overflowing with
paper, filing cabinets, and bureaucratic red tape. What the workers
actually do for "The Organization"
is   never  revealed,  and   entirely
The action starts when the Organization's managing director receives
a memorandum written in Ptydepe,
a new office language intended to
increase the efficiency of the Organization.
In the hilarious and contradictory
events that follow, Havel shows how
a process can easily and dangerously
evolve into ideology. Ptydepe becomes accepted and touted by all,
even though it is unintelligible to
everyone except a few overzealous
experts (one of whom is a "teacher of
Ptydepe" brilliantly played by Bruce
Dow, the highlight of the play).
In many ways, the Organization is
a microcosm of society. None of the
employees question the use or purpose of Ptydepe, just as few people
today question the blind drive
toward higher profits or better Five
Year Plans.
The Organization's lone dissenter,
surprisingly the director, is purged
out of her position by her deputy,
who supports the introduction of
Ptydepe. The ensuing struggle symbolizes rationality versus selfish
ambition, and even though the
director succeeds in abolishing Ptydepe, she loses the power struggle in
the end.
Ptydepe is abandoned as useless,
but a new office language arises to
take its place. The irrationality of
the Organization leads to even more
ludicrous ideologies to rationalize it,
just as today's power centres conjure
policies, justifications and state-
ents to explain society's shortcomings.
The Memorandum's message has
been said many times in different
ways. Yet the play succeeds because
it combines humor with a sophisticated analysis. Such intensely and
intelligently political offerings are
rare at UBC, and Stage Campus '83
is to be commended for their fine
As they say in Ptydepe, Ruwqviez
ipreq mgouvs gh paycnbut!
•Hilarious farce exaggerates
Alan Ayckbourne's Table Manners is a hilarious and well-crafted
farce in the true British tradition.
It is one of a trilogy of plays
entitled the Norman Conquests —
each occurring in a different area of
a house at various points during a
July weekend. All three plays stand
very well on their own but are
expertly intertwined.
Table Manners
Directed by Roy Surette
At the Waterfront Theatre
Playing until August 6
The first play takes place in a simple, warm coloured dining room of a
very large house.
Annie, (Kim Seary) lives in the
house with her aged and bedridden
mother. She Dlans to holidav in East
Grinstead for the weekend while her
sister-in-law, Sarah (Christine Willes)
comes to look after the house with
Annie's brother, Reg (Stephen
When Sarah discovers Annie is
planning a dirty weekend with her
sister's husband Norman (Brian
Torpe), she demands the vacation be
called off.
The six of them find themselves in
the same house for an amusing and
chaotic weekend.
Despite some occasional trouble
with British accents the acting is very
good, partially because each of the
characters resemble real-life people.
Christine Welles plays the organized and neurotic Sarah brilliantly.
Brian Torpe is wonderful as the predictable Norman who tries to seduce
every woman except the mother. In
one hilarious scene he attempts to
make everyone at the breakfast table
talk to him after the antics of the
night before.
The other plays in the trilogy add
more details to the plot. Living
Together (opening July 14) takes
place in the living room and Round
and  Round the Garden (opening
July 22) occurs in the garden of the
same house.
All three plays exaggerate human
weakness and character traits by
placing the characters in familiar
situations such as failed attempts at
harmonious family meals.
The Norman Conquests is a Fly
By Night Theatre production well
worth seeing. Fly By Night is a
cooperative which pays itself only
after other expenses are met. If the
other two plays are as good as Table
Manners, then a pass to all three is
well worth it.
V.   >i
Kaboodles is for kids — big and small.
Stop by and find summer playthings like hula
hoops, bolo bats, sand mills, beach balls, quiet
games for backseat travelling, baby gifts, party
supplies, jelly beans, helium balloons.
224-5311 4462 W. 10th Avenue
Open Friday evenings, too!
The biggest
selection of Belly
Dance Music and
Greek Music in
Western Canada
2856 W. Broadway
Vancouver, B.C. V6K 2G7
Ph. 732-7113 or 733-3956
8086 CPU
128K RAM
720 x 400 RESOLUTION
• Available at the UBC Bookstore Page 6
Wednesday, July 13, 1983
Chano: african roots music, July 14, Soft
Rock Cafe, 1925 W. 4th.
Swagmen/Debutantes: esoteric rock,
July 15, Soft Rock.
Orrin Star/Gary Mehalick: bluegrass
sounds, July 18, Soft Rock.
Rainier Jazz Band: Dixie from Seattle, July
15-16, Hot Jazz Club, 26 E. Broadway.
Rhythm and Blues All-Stars: power-funk
with soul, July 13-16, Town Purrlp, 66
Chano with Dido: hot afro-latino band,
July 15-16, Classical Joint, 231 Carrall.
Jazz Police: probably Vancouver's hottest
jazz-rock-funk group, highly recommended
if you like fast rhythms, challenging improvisation and impeccable technique, July 17,
Classical Joint.
Del Shannon/The Shirelles/Bo Diddley:
a rock and roll revue, July 15-16, Commodore Ballroom.
The Band: Dylan's old cohorts are back,
July 18, Queen Elizabeth Theatre.
Robert Palmer/Nona Hendryx: two contemporary and very hip artists, July 20,
Queen Elizabeth Theatre.
Vancouver Folk Music Festival: the 6th
annual event featuring artists from around
thn world playing ethnic, political and origi
nal music, July 15-17, Jericho Beach,
tickets VTC/CBO, Black Swan, Octopus
Pacific Cinematheque (800 Robson, 732-
6119) July 15: Plisetskaya Dances. 7:30
p.m.; Swan Lake. 9:30 p.m. July 16: Swan
Lake. 7:30 p.m ; Romeo and Juliet, 9:30
Surrey Art Gallery(1375088th, 596-7461)
July 13: Holiday. 8 p.m. July 20: Adam's
Rib. 8 p.m.
Ridge Theatre (16th and Arbutus, 738-
6311) Starstruck. 7:30 and 9:30 p.m
Vancouver East Cinema (7th and Commercial, 253-5455) July 13-14: O Lucky
Man. 7 p.m.; Day For Night. 10 p.m. July
5-17: Brimstone and Treacle. 7:30 p.m:
The Wall. 9:10 p.m.
Savoy Cinema (Main and Kingsway, 872-
2124) July 15-17: Missing. 9:30 p.m.;
Moonlighting, 9:45 pm; Gimmie Shelter,
midnite. July 18-20: Wasn't That a Time.
7:30 p.m ; The Last of the Blue Devils. 9:05
Jo Wodz/Jean Greenwood: a two woman
art show, North Vancouver City Hall
Gallery, 141 W 14th Ave, 988-6844
Human Rights: a multimedia multidiscipli-
nary show dedicated to the slain archbishop
Oskar Romero, Unit/Pitt Gallery, 163 W
Pender, 681-6740
TEXTBOOKS 10% OFF with this ad
BETTER BUY BOOKS      4443 West 10th Ave.
The Memorandum: written by one of Czechoslovakia's great playwrights Vaclav
Hamel, to July 23, 8 p.m., Frederic Wood
Cabaret: an explosion of song and dance,
Mon.-Fri. 8:30 p.m.. Sat. 6:30 and 9:30
p.m.; Wed. 5:30 p.m. 2 for 1, Arts Club
Granville Island, 687-1818.
Luv: a compassionate look at a romantic
triangle, T lie.-Sun. 8:30 p.m.; Sat. 6 and 9
p.m., Firehall Theatre, 689-0926.
Big Broadcast: recreating the radio experience of long ago, Mon.-Sar. 8:30 p.m..
Sat. 2:30 p.m. pay what you can, Vancouver
East Cultural Centre, 254-9578
Kiss Of The Spiderwoman:  a  story of
repression, injustice and fear, July 15-17,
21 -24,8p.m., Carnegie Centre Auditorium,
As You Like It: Shakespeare liveth agai-
neth, 8 p.m., Vanier Park, 734-0194, only
International protest grows
from page 1
tor of the Marxist-Leninist Institute
to refute his belief in Marxist-
Leninist thought. And the use of
well-organized violence against
Poles by the government he is part of
has been continuously documented
in the media since the imposition of
martial law.
Finally, on point 7 we do not
doubt the attacks on professor
Wiatr by some Soviet journals,
though we do question their actual
intent. In any event in the context of
a repressive military dictatorship the
term "moderate" does tend to lose a
little of its lustre.
In summary, we willingly recognize any errors of fact and are happy
to have professor Wiatr fill in the
gaps in our knowledge. It should be
clear that obtaining reliable information from independent, non-gov
ernmental sources is extremely difficult because of the violations of
basic rights by professor Wiatr's
More importantly, we feel that
despite any objections raised the
basic thrust of our fact sheet remains
steadfastly intact — that professor
Wiatr is clearly a high-ranking
member of the Polish military
regime and that he must bear responsibility for the well documented
repressive actions it has taken. It is
impossible for him to use the cloak
of "academic freedom" to evade
As professor Wiatr's term progresses we will continue to document the severity of repression in
Poland, in particular focussing on
the loss of academic freedom in that
We would also like to pub
licly once again that our group had
nothing to do with, and does not
condone, the egg throwing incident,
which was entirely the action of one
individual, although we understand
the anger felt in the city's Polish
community towards professor Wiatr's
UBC appointment.
The Solidarity Study Group
would also like to express our
appreciation to those faculty members, students, staff, trade unionists
and other members of the community who have given support to our
stand in oppostiion to professor
Wiatr's appointment and are gratified to know that word of the protest
has spread nationally and internationally.
Bill Tieleman
UBC Solidarity Study Group
to visit Canada's
largest new bookstore
in its magnificant
new building at
6200 University Blvd.
(At the No. 1 entrance to
the Campus—opposite
the Aquatic Centre)
well worth a visit
VOL. 12, No. 2
Hello, and Welcome to Summer Session '83
JULY 13-19
The Summer Session Association is the student organization of Summer
Session; if you have any problems, concerns or suggestions, please drop by
our office — main floor of SUB, opposite the candy counter. We are there
Monday - Friday, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Phone 228-4846
Free, noon-hour outdoor concerts. Bring
your lunch and a friend.
Wednesday, July 13 Mulberry Street Jazz Band - SUB
Thursday, July 14 Pacific Brass Guild - Clock Tower
Friday, July 15 Organ Recital - Music Building
Monday, July 18        Mulberry Street Jazz Band -
Music Building
Tuesday, July 19       Gary Keenan Quartet - SUB
(In the event of rain, concerts will be held in the
conversation-pit area, main floor of SUB.)
Free films presented at 7:30 p.m. in IRC
Lecture Hall #2.
Wednesday, July 13:
WRONG IS RIGHT; Sean Connery,
Robert Conrad; a movie about political
espionage and intrigue. (Mature)
Summer Session
Friday, July 15:
THE VERDICT; Paul Newman in a brilliant
performance as an alcoholic lawyer trying
to win a case and win back control of his
life. (Mature)
Monday, July 18:
National Film board features; Out On A
Limb: An Introduction to Jack Hodgkins;
Hugh MacLennan: Portrait of a Writer
Wednesday, July 20:
PORKY'S! 1982's smash hit is here!
Thursday, July 14:
Music for Bassoon, Cello, and Piano by
Mozart and Saint-Saens
Tuesday, July 19:
Piano Quintet; Music by Mozart and
These concerts are held in the Music
Building Recital Hall, and are free to the
public. All concerts are co-sponsored by
the S.S.A., Musicians Union Trust Funds,
Extra-Sessional Office, and the Department
of Music.
The annual UBC Summer Session Blood
Donor Clinic will be held July 20 & 21 in
the Scarfe Building. Please give to this
cause in your usual terrific manner. They
need our help.
Association information is a service provided
by the S.S.A. and The Summer Ubyssey. Wednesday, July 13, 1983
Page 7
Folkies bring harmony to Jericho
The days when Kitsilano was a
haven for the wheatgerm and rainbow patch crowd are long gone.
The people are different, the
scenery is cluttered with buildings,
and the musical sounds are more
dissonant and hard edged.
Even the Soft Rock Cafe on
Fourth avenue, once a favourite
meeting place for the mellow ones,
has gone new wave. The owner had
plans for turning this ortce venerable
spot into a huge multi-million dollar
complex, complete with video equipment. Such ambitious strides towards commercialism makes one
realize nothing is sacred, not even in
But the local folkies have something to clink their Jasmine tea filled
mugs to — the sixth annual Van
couver Folk Music Festival from
July 15 to 17.
The festival has grown to mammoth proportions over its short lifespan. This year's folk feast features
about 180 performers and 70 different acts.
Diversity of musical styles and
cultures is once again the main
emphasis of the festival. One of the
festival's aims is to acknowledge and
show respect to cultures which have
long been neglected, said festival
publicist Susan Knutson.
"Cultures all around the world are
threatened by extinction," said Knutson. "We see ourselves as part of the
process of defending the diversity of
cultures from all around the world."
The festival organizers, led by coordinator Gary Cristall, have put
together a line-up representing a
broad base of cultures and different
mediums of communication. This is
sure to please the listener saturated
by the endless rehash of commercial
Most people attending the festival
probably haven't listened to many of
the groups before, Knutson said.
"Every year we introduce our audiences to all kinds of music they
never knew existed."
The festival maintains a policy of
rotation to allow new groups to be
exposed every year, she added.
The main thrust of this year's festival is toward Latin-American
music — full of rhythm and important political messages.
Some groups featured include
Grupo Aymara from Bolivia, Kin
Latat from Guatemala, and four
women who call themselves Sabia.
The latter group concentrate on
music dealing with women in Latin-
American society.
To diversify the lineup, the festival has brought in some former
members of the noteable English
group Fairport Convention, featuring the guitarist Richard Thompson.
Other highlights of the festival
include singer Barbara Dane per
forming salsa-rock music, and singer Jane Sapp of the jazz-gospel
Alongside these musicians are performers from North America, Europe, Africa, and Australia.
It is difficult to connect the musicians at this festival because of their
diverse styles, but one must realize a
limited definition of folk music
doesn't apply to Vancouver's festival, says Knutson. "We have quite
an inclusive definition of folk.
"It's any kind of music that speaks
to real people. We want to put our
weight behind real people and real
Music will not be the only sounds
heard during the weekend; workshops and story-telling will also be
featured. And there will be a craft
market and an international food
Knuston says she expects about
23,000 people will attend during the
three days for a unique opportunity
to experience new cultures.
Piaf regrets nothing
LAHAU...plays at folk music festival '82
A single spotlight. A stark white,
and pleading face. The song, "Non,
| je ne regrette rien".
£ So opened City Stage's latest pro-
S duction, "Piaf. The play is based on
c the life of Edith Piaf, who has been
2 dead for twenty years, but remains
1 and international star and the most
popular individual vocalist France
Emma Sachs speaks out
The Voice of Emma Sachs is an
appropriately named book. Throughout the collection of stories, the
reader is never sure what is fiction
and what is autobiography. Author
D.M. Fraser uses a unique style that
that is partly essay and partly fiction, and it is hard to tell where
Fraser's characters end and he
Fraser must recognize this quality
in his writing because a curious
appendice called Postlude is at the
book's end: A Note on the Reason
for Certain Things in this Book.
Fraser says storytelling is worthwhile simply for the enjoyment it
offers, but that fiction should go
beyond entertainment to become an
exchange of ideas between people.
The Voice of Emma Sachs
By D.M. Fraser
Pulp  Press  Book  Publishers,
137 pp., $6.95
Fraser's stories convey common
themes that are relevant to our fast
paced modern life. In addition to the
anti-war story, he comments on selfish and ridiculous trends, vain introversion, and society's distorted definition of success.
The ideas conveyed in Fraser's
stories are of a personal or a social
political nature. His insightful commentaries are humorously sprinkled
with liberal amounts of cynicism
and sarcasm.
"One wanders throught the days,
observing and feeling and, occasionally, trying to understand, and
unless one is terminally impercipient
one finds abundant evidence to confirm the darkest world-view," writes
Fraser in the Postlude.
Fraser's world view is definitely
dark, but still inspiringly realistic, if
not hopeful. He acutely points out
that to change the world one must
first arrive at and recognize the
truth, no matter how repugnant the
truth may be.
In War and Peace, four friends
(two of whom are veterans) are sitting in a cafe discussing the war.
"I used to believe," says one cha-
racter,"that the object of the war was
to secure the peace. I fought wildly
for the noun clause."
"You can't be serious. The object
of the war was to have the war, to
wage it, conduct it love honor obey
the war, world without end amen,"
another character responds.
Many of Fraser's observations are
not easily decipherable, and one can
often only guess at what he is trying
to say. But the flowing style and
pointed witticisms reveal that Fraser's ambiguities are intentional. The
reader ultimately benefits more by
having to search for her or his own
interpretations, while always being
spurred on by Fraser's perceptive
critical eye.
has ever known.
Edith "Piaf is a stage name meaning Edith "the little sparrow". The
name is fitting because Edith began
her career as a tiny, scrawny, and
drab adolescent singing for the common people in the streets of Paris.
Directed by Ray Michael
At City Stage until August
Joelle Rabu, who plays Piaf, is a
tall, ungainly woman, who does not
fit the Piaf image at all. While she
has considerable talent as a singer,
her Canadian accent is obvious both
in English and in French. It is largely
her verve and enthusiasm for Piaf s
lyrics, rather than for the character
of Piaf herself, that carries the play.
Ross Douglas and Rick Stohan
play a wide assortment of men in
Piafs life. Here again, although
there is enthusiasm for the musical
content, the Canadian accents are
annoying, especially in French.
The set design is very simple in
order to allow the actors to portray a
a wide variety of the most significant
events in Piafs life.
These include two excellent scenes
from her childhood. One explains
how Edith came to be raised in a
brothel between the ages of one and
six, because her father had been
inducted into the army. A later scene
illustrates how she discovered her
desire to sing in order to help pay for
her keep.
Other scenes concern various artistic highlights of her career, such as
her North American debut at Carnegie Hall in New York when Piaf
became an international star.
Ken Hippert Hair
We Offer Student Discounts
Expires August 31, 1983
With presentation of ad
to Terry, Karin, Debbie
For appointment
UBC Village
5736 University Blvd
(Next to Lucky Dollar Store)
Fresh Peanut Butter
Mode while uou wait
2.95/kg. (1.35/lb.)
Almonds, Cashews, Dried Apricots
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| Expires July 17 . Page 8
Wednesday, July 13, 1983
'No woman enjoys prostitution'
The panelists sitting in the tiny
gymnasium were not the type one
finds in university lecture halls.
Street-wise, tough and uncompromising, they spoke sympathetically of
the average prostitute on the street.
"No woman enjoys being a prostitute," said Sally de Quadros, a
member of the Alliance for the
Safety of Prostitutes. "But to survive, she has to sell her body. There's
no other choice."
Women are at an economic disadvantage and this insecurity places
them in a situation where they can be
abused, she told 50 people at the
First United Church, 320 East Hastings. De Quadros stopped turning
tricks for a year, but was forced to
return to the street to pay her bills.
Prostitution should be decriminal
ized to give prostitutes control over
their working hours, places and
conditions, De Quadros said at the
invitation-only event. Decriminalization is the repeal of all laws
governing prostitution and gives the
prostitiute a measure of protection
against abuse.
She said many people confuse
decriminalization with legalization,
which is the state control of prosti-
tuion. Legalization results in the
ghettoization of prostitutes and
allows the government to tax their
earnings. "The state becomes the
pimp," she said.
The federal government is currently considering amendments to
the Criminal Code which would
make prostitution a criminal offence. If they are adopted, both the
client and  the  prostitute charged
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with soliciting could end up with two
weeks in jail or a $500 fine.
Margo St. James, the founder of
the first prostitution rights group in
the U.S., COYOTE (call off your old
tired ethics), said she hopes Canada
will not follow the U.S. in prohibiting prostitution.
"It will be the worst possible situation for prostitutes in this country. It
will legitimize the victimization of
women," the flamboyant American
St. James noted that pornography
became much more violent and
hateful towards women after prostitution had been criminalized. The
huge growth of the pornography
industry wouldn't have happened if
prostitution wasn't prohibited, she
"By 1976, the U.S. realized the full
impact of its decision (to criminalize
prostitution). Prostitutes would pad
a trick down around his waist, not to
see if he was a cop with handcuffs,
but to see if he was a freak trick with
a knife," she said.
Pornography is the printed end of
prostitution, said another member
of ASP, Marie Arrington.
Feminists must embrace both
issues at the same time and organize
the workers in both industries to put
the male bosses out of work, St.
James added. "We must define who
we are attacking."
Prostitutes are vital to the women's movement because they know
more about men than anybody else,
she said. And they need a voice with
which to clear people's ignorance of
their sexuality.
"The prostitute can ridicule porn
successfully. She can see porn for all
its lies and knows from experience
that it turns men into creeps.
"After all, pornography is a pimping system that has been legitimized."
Another panelist, Vicki, emphasized that prostitutes don't need more
laws. She said the proposed amendments would not stop prostitution
they would only make the prostitute more vulnerable to rape and
Vicki, who declined to give her
last name, is a transvestite. She said
she has been a prostitute for eight
Rejected by welfare and penniless,
Vicki decided to accept an offer of
money for sex. "I was more excited
about food in my stomach then I was
about the fun I was going to have."
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