UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 8, 1974

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 Police hit Towers Beach
University RCMP were called to
Towers Beach Thursday morning
when protesters halted yet another
attempt by a Vancouver park
board contractor to begin work on
the erosion control project.
The confrontation occurred
about 7:30 a.m. and resulted in the
heavy equipment being parked for
another day.
RCMP took no action and left the
scene after talking with protesters
and machine operators. Corporal
Al Hutchinson said the RCMP will
not take any action until receiving
orders from his superiors.
Another university RCMP officer said Thursday afternoon he is
not aware of any orders having
being passed along to the detachment.
Police were called to the scene
by the project foreman. A
spokesman for Construction
Cartage Ltd. said the machines
began work because the company
is anxious to get started.
The company has attempted to
work on the beach all this week but
so far demonstrators have limited
its activities to simply moving off a
few large logs.
A company spokesman said
Thursday it will seek compensation from the park board for
time and money lost. "It's in the
contract," he said. "We send the
bill for our costs to the city daily."
The spokesman said the company has told the park board it will
not try to do anything.
When asked why the foreman
had called the police he said:
"Rather than phone the park board
and ask them to phone the RCMP,
our man took it upon himself to
phone them."
The beach was officially closed
to the public Monday night after a
park board meeting. But Park
board chairman Art Cowie denied
Wednesday night that the beach is
Cowie made the comment in an
interview, at John Oliver high
school after a public meeting on
the University Endowment Lands.
He said the park board had only
reaffirmed its right to close down
Towers Beach if it wished to.
He said the board has the right to
close down any park area in
Vancouver. But they did not wish
to close Towers Beach, he said,
because there is no need to do so —
it will cause some opposition and
because it is difficult to keep
people away from the beach.
Cowie said the most the board
will do is put up signs requesting
people to stay away from the
construction site.
But the wording of Monday
night's motion reads: "That the
area on the foreshore of the Marine
Drive foreshore park needed by the
Construction Cartage company for
their operations in placing an
erosion control blanket is hereby
closed to the public for safety
reasons for the duration of the
Signs were posted Thursday
morning which say the construction area is closed to the
public "for safety reasons".
The only signs of life on the
beach Thursday afternoon were a
Meeting bores,
quorum snores
By JAKE van der KAMP
Due to a lack of business and
adherence to Robert's rules of
order, die Alma Mater Society's
annual general meeting Thursday
noon lasted less than two minutes.
The meeting is required under
the AMS constitution to deal with
constitutional amendments and
appointing the auditors.
It was opened in the SUB
cafeteria by new AMS president
Gordon Blankstein. He hopped up
on a table and, speaking without a
microphone, apologized for being
"This year's president has got a
permanent job and is not here so
we're not that well organized," he
Treasurer John Wilson spoke
He declared the society's
receipts as being $1,147,322.08 and
its disbursements as $923,386.71
and then moved the appointment of
Peats, Marwick and Mitchell as
the society's auditors.
The motion passed with
Blankstein, Wilson, new internal
affairs officer Joan Mitchell and
the new external affairs officer
Gary Moore the only voters.
Constitutional amendments
would have been the next item of
business, but since there were none
Blankstein did some flack for the
incoming executive, then adjourned the meeting.
A Ubyssey reporter attending
attempted to challenge the quorum
but Wilson made a gesture for him
to keep silent.
Under the AMS constitution, a
quorum of ten per cent of the
student body is needed for a
general meeting to proceed. If no-
one challenges the quorum, the
meeting can get down to business.
While there were about 800
people in the SUB cafeteria less
than 50 were in hearing distance
and less than 20 understood what
was going on.
A quorum is 2,000 students.
At the general meeting last year,
which was also held in the SUB
cafeteria, the quorum was
challenged. The AMS president at
that time, Doug Aldridge, ruled
there was a quorum. When his
ruling was challenged, Aldridge
asked if the meeting upheld the
challenge. It appeared not to and
the meeting proceeded.
The AMS has had a great deal of
trouble in recent years getting
enough students to come to general
Various baits, such as bands and
free coke, have been offered but
invariably there was not a quorum.
The meeting chairman usually
employs Aldridge's tactic if the
quorum is challenged.
The general atmosphere of farce
was very evident at the meeting
Wednesday. Most of those sitting at
tables near to where Blankstein
and Wilson were speaking continued talking and eating their
Both Blankstein and Wilson,
obviously feeling somewhat
foolish, appeared to talk only to
their shirt collars and left the scene
as quickly as they could.
rent-a-cop from Canada Ren-
taguard and a large Doberman
pinscher. The guard refused to talk
with The Ubyssey.
"I'm not supposed to give out
any information," he said.
The guard did say the area is
patrolled 24 hours a day.
A spokesman for Wreck
(Towers) Beach preservation
committee said Thursday
protesters will continue the vigil
until the problem is resolved.
"We can wait one year or five
years," he said.  "We're on the
beach and the destruction has not
He said the committee is now
looking for persons to volunteer
small boats, rubber rafts and
See page 2: BLOCK
Vol. LV, No. 57
»48       228-2301
ZOOLOGY GRAD STUDENT Bill Marshall came out of his house Thursday to discover his pet fish had shed
white fur, which blew in his face in the wind. Unfortunately while he was holding up the screen protecting
the fish, a giant spray of mud came by - staining his white pants. But the story has a happy ending because
Marshall discovered the shedding was due to photosynthesis which was reversed when he spit into the vat. His
pants, however, are marred for life.
'You can't go home again'
Ubyssey Ottawa Bureau Chief
The Ubyssey was touched by
greatness Thursday as federal
finance minister John "Lance"
Turner visited its SUB office.
Turner, Ubyssey sports editor
during 1948-49, told the Ubyssey
staff he had just dropped in to see if
things at the old office were the
"Hello, my name is John Turner," he said as he entered the
"The old place hasn't changed a
bit," Turner said as he looked
The Ubyssey office moved into
SUB from its former Brock hall
hangout in 1967 when SUB was
Turner has never seen the SUB
Asked if he was on a campaign
tour for a federal election, Turner
replied he comes west every once
in a while.
"What have you got there?"
Turner asked Ubyssey news editor
Lesley Krueger.
"A bunch of shit," Krueger told
him, referring to a movie review.
"Is it yours?" Turner asked.
Krueger said Ubyssey staffers
were working on a women's issue.
"What do you need a women's
issue for?" Turner asked.
"Shouldn't you have a men's issue
as well?"
"Did the gals manage to turn in
any good stories?" he asked.
"There are a lot of emancipated
women on this newspaper," he
Turner asked a copy of the
women's issue be sent to his office,
"to John Turner, House of Commons, Ottawa."
"I used to get a subscription to
The Ubyssey, but I don't any
more," Turner said. "What's the
matter, don't you know how to
handle finances?"
Krueger then asked Turner if his
wife would like a copy.
"She doesn't need it," Turner
Ubyssey co-editor Vaughn
Palmer asked Turner if he thought
there, has been any change in The
Ubyssey since 1949.
"Yes, the language is cleaner,"
he said. "Fuck you," an unidentified Ubyssey staffer mumbled.
Finally, Turner announced it
was time for him to leave.
"I'd better go so, if you'll pardon
the expression, you'll get the paper
to bed," Turner said, leering at
Ubyssey staffers looked on as
Turner left SUB and walked
toward a student in an electric
As Turner approached to talk to
him, the student wheeled away. Page 2
Friday, March 8, 1974
500 send letters
Imprisonment attack
TORONTO (CUP) — About 500 University of
Toronto faculty have signed three letters protesting
the imprisonment of three academics by the Chilean
junta which overthrew the government of the late
president Salvador Allende in September.
One of the letters, addressed to external affairs
minister Mitchell Sharp, asks him to allow the
academics to come to Canada because the "safety of
these persons is threatened."
The other two letters were sent to the head of
Chile's junta, general Augusto Pinochet, and the
president of the United Nations human rights commission.
The three academics are: Allende's education
minister Edgardo Enriquez, a medical professor and
president of the University of Concepcion, now imprisoned on Dawson Island; Enrique Kirberg,
electrical engineering professor and president of
State Technical University, architecture professor at
the University of Chile and now held at Dawson
Island; Galo Gomez, mathematics professor and past
vice-president of the University of Concepcion,
president of the National Commission of Scientific
and Technological Research and now detained while
awaiting trial.
The letter to junta leader Pinochet asks for the
release of the three, safe conduct for them out of Chile
and "the guaranteed right for Chilean academics and
students to work and study in their universities."
The letter to the U.N. asks the commission to investigate arrests and disappearances of Chilean
academics and in particular seeks to have the U.N.
use its influence to release the three named Chilean
The letter says: "The presidents of all Chilean
universities have been dismissed from their positions
and replaced by officials of the armed forces.
"Several hundred academics have been arrested,
or fired from their posts."
'Block dredges and pile drivers'
From page 1
"The access to the destruction is
now going to be from the ocean,"
he said. "Now we want to block
barges, dredges and pile drivers."
The committee has rescinded
one of its demands made earlier
this week that all company
equipment be removed within 48
".We did this as a measure of
good faith, that we could negotiate
our problems," he said.   "We're
asking for reasonable and open
Protest leaders said Thursday
they expect 20 to 50 persons on the
beach today. They said they have
had no response from either
resources minister Bob Williams
or the park board to three demands
made earlier this week.
A spokesman said the committee
is contemplating other action in
addition to beach demonstrations
but would not give any details. He
reiterated statements made
earlier this week that demonstrations would be peaceful and
He said a Thursday meeting with
the RCMP resulted in a promise
that police would inform committee members of any action they
will take in the controversy.
He said the committee promised
to inform police of any action
protesters will take in response to
police action. "We want everything
to be out in the open," he said.
$2 million daycare for Saskatchewan
REGINA (CUP) — A new day
care program for Saskatchewan
which will increase the government's annual support for day care
to $2 million is a big jump from the
present rate of support at $200,000.
The new program will provide
support for two kinds of day care
services, family day care, which
will accommodate up to five
children in a private home and
neighborhood day care which will
accommodate children in centres.
The program will include subsidies to parents related to income,
increases in start up grants and
renovation grants.
Social services minister Alex
Taylor emphasized the need for
parental control and for equality of
accessibility to all income groups.
"Since centres will be publicly
supported, they should be operated
on a non-profit basis. And since
they are to be parent controlled,
they will require a majority of
parents on the board."
Taylor said all centres will be
required to incorporate as nonprofit centres, preferably under
the Co-operative Associations Act
of Saskatchewan.
George & Berny's
2125 W. 10th at Arbutus
High Fashion . . . that's
164 W. Hastings 861 Granville 760 Columbia
1316 Douglas
Prescription Optical
We have an office near you!
Intramural Week
Tonight 7:30
Thunderbird Arena
Super League
— Definitely an overtime game! —
Today 12:30
Memorial Gym Field
5:00 pm - 7:00 pm
11:00 am-3:30 pm TOTEM PARK
10:00 am - 4:00  pm
Balloting will be done by computer, so remember:
1) Don't fold your ballot.
2) Mark your ballot in pencil only.
Page 3
f urner sets bold old steps
Canada's finance minister John
Turner said Thursday the Liberal
government will not approve wage
or price controls on most commodities excepting Western oil and
Turner turns it on
Turner, concluding a two-day
visit to Vancouver where he spoke
to UBC law students and an annual
commerce faculty dinner, said
price controls will not work
because prices are determined by
world-wide shortages and demand.
"There is no way we can immunize ourselves from these
forces," he said. "Twenty-five
cents out of every dollar in our
pockets comes from foreign
Turner said international price
increases of nearly 400 per cent,
crop failures in Russia and China
and world-wide economic growth
have aggravated international
He said until these world forces
subside Canadian economic policy
should be to try to encourage and
promote supply and to provide
increased government support "to
those Canadians least able to
protect themselves from the inflation".
However Turner said price
controls are necessary for B.C. and
Alberta natural gas and oil
He said unless oil prices are
strongly regulated within Canada
to eliminate price disparities
between Eastern and Western
provinces his government would be
forced to pay about $5 billion in
equalization payments to oil-
deprived provinces.
He said the current regulatory
system keeps payments to $1.5
"There's no way economically,
and frankly, no way politically we
can sustain the situation, (if the oil
price is not regulated)," said
Turner said Western provinces
will receive, in return for oil and
gas price controls, lower transportation costs and secondary
industry development incentives.
He asked Western provinces to
accept a "reasonable sharing of
benefit and burden," while admitting Western alienation has
become a serious problem to his
He said many people feel
"Vancouver is 2,800 miles from
Ottawa, but Ottawa is 28,000 miles
from Vancouver."
He    rhetorically    called    on
Quebec labor backs
postal code boycott
Quebec Federation of Labor has
called on all its affiliate unions to
support the Canadian Union of
Postal Workers boycott of the
postal code system.
The QFL claims the federal
government did not seek advice
from the unions before it initiated
the new six digital codes.
The codes fit into the post offices
multi-million dollar mechanization
scheme allegedly designed to
speed mail service.
The postal union, representing
inside postal workers, wants the
public to boycott the new postal
codes until the post office officials
shelve current plans which the
union fears will lead to wage
The post office has purchased
$110 million in sorting equipment,
much of it from International
Telephone and Telegraph Corp.,
and the new codes are necessary to
make it operational. Figures are
not known on the cost of the
massive building program across
the country to house the new
Under the system, hundreds of
postal workers will be declared
"coders". They will sit at a
keyboard and punch a signal on
every piece of mail they handle.
The post office management has
made a written commitment to the
workers that no postal worker will
lose his/her job or be reclassified
into a lower rate of pay.
The unions chief complaint is
that , the coders receive
significantly less pay than they do
as manual sorters. The post office
has created a new lower pay
classification to accommodate
If assigned to a job where the
rate of pay is lower to his/her
present rate, the workers' current
rate would be frozen until the
classification had caught up.
"He could be deprived of any
raise in pay for up to five or six
years," said union secretary
treasurer Art Harrison. "Although
the commitment doesn't sound bad
at first, you can see that it would be
possible to be frozen at the same
rate of pay for ten years."
The post office wants the new
coding system to be fully
operational by Jan. 1, 1975, and
expects to begin testing
equipment this August.
But Harrison isn't very
pressed with the new plants
"With the new plants, the
government will be trying to
reclassify all of us," he said. "The
government doesn't care how
much it spends on new buildings
and new equipment, but it's stingy
when it comes to paying its
workers. The hourly rate for
coders is presently $2.94 and for
manual sorters $3.69."
Alberta's premier Peter Lougheed
to let the federal government know
what items he wants in the petrochemical industry and what items
he is willing to concede.
The federal government will
take B.C. and Alberta demands
and concessions to international
conferences to work out solutions
satisfactory to all sides, Turner
He said: "I think one of the
problems that's going to plague us
as Canadians is a food shortage
that  will  last  through  the   next
He said the solution to this
shortage will be "to encourage
people to stay on the family farm in
order to increase food production
by stabilizing farm income."
Turner denied he was in Vancouver on a pre-election campaign
But he admitted he attended a
Liberal constituency fund-raising
meeting Wednesday
—don peterson photo
PRACTICING for the most demanded operation of the future Dana Herberts, zoology 4, stares intently into
his microscope. "Aha," he says and presses the shutter at just the critical moment. And what operation is he
performing? A sex change on tadpoles, of course, what else?
Women's role at Queens said small
make up only 7.7 per cent of
Queens University's academic
staff according to a study by a
committee investigating the role of
women at the university.
The committee also found
women were discriminated against
in salaries and wages.
Not only did the committee find
women a decided minority on
academic staff, it also found most
female faculty members hold
junior positions. Women are
generally paid lower than men
when they hold the identical posts
at the university.
The committee, composed of six
women and two men, was commissioned 18 months ago. Its
report gives a comprehensive
appraisal of women's roles in all
areas of the university and
recommends several changes in
university policy to ensure women
are not subject to discrimination.
The committee blames some of
the wage discrepancy on the fact
that fewer women than men hold
post graduate qualifications
necessary for academic appointments.
But it recommends the
university take steps to increase
the number of women in senior
positions. In addition they called on
the university to narrow the salary
gap between the two sexes.
A similar revision is suggested
for the non-academic staff
members. Half of these employees
are women, but their pay scales
are much lower than those of men.
The committee concludes that
the university's admissions policy
is unbiased, noting that the vast
majority of female students attending Queens are in arts. It
advocates encouraging women to
register in other areas as well.
To ensure fairness, it proposes a
modified lottery system for admission to faculties where the
number of well qualified applicants exceeds the number of
The engineering society's
handbook and activities were
criticized for tending to "reinforce
the exclusive male image of
The committee pointed out that
while most new students would no
doubt be grateful for an introduction to campus and faculty,
their fellow engineers, and
members of the fairer sex,  "it
might be helpful to keep in mind
that their fellow engineers might
actually be the fairer sex."
The committee strongly
recommends making expanded
daycare facilities available at
Queens. It urged the university to
work closely with officials of the
city council and suggested that a
joint university-city daycare
centre be set up which would be
eligible for provincial assistance.
Another suggestion made in the
report is that greater study of
women as active members of
society be incorporated into the
curriculum. This however, is not a
formal recommendation.
Only minor evidence of sex
discrimination could be found in
scholarships student aid, and
pension coverage for staff, the
committee reports. Page .4
Friday, March 8, 1974
Edit 57 sees
Oblivion '74
The Alma Mater Society annual general meeting held
Thursday, set a bunch of records.
It was the shortest meeting ever — about one minute
long — it conducted the least amount of business ever — one
item — and although it was held in the SUB cafeteria it
attracted the fewest interested bystanders — counting The
Ubyssey reporter, about five people.
Although it is not within our nature to be alarmist,
we'd also like to suggest it may have set a record for apathy.
And in case you haven't guessed it by now, this is our
annual apathy editorial.
You've probably heard all about student apathy and
why it happens.
Now it's time to experience a new phenomenon:
student politico apathy.
The fact is, the general meeting is the best opportunity
for the Alma Mater Society politicoes to present proposals
for revamping the society to students.
No restructuring proposals at all were presented at this
year's meeting yet the Jan. 30 AMS elections were hardly a
mandate for maintaining the status quo in the society.
But if things keep going the way they are right now,
the result will be just the opposite of what students'
indicated. There will be stagnation, stagnation, and more
The ad hoc decentralization committee has only been
together for a few weeks, yet already it is struggling near
collapse over procedural questions.
The new executive, despite several holdovers from last
year's unit, haven't indicated they plan to change anything.
And the AMS council is already in a bewildered funk
although new councillors have only held office for two
weeks at the most.
It's a little too early to say all is lost, but some of the
seven warning signs of apathy should be quickly dispatched.
Otherwise, another group of bright-eyed student
politicoes will be totally alienated from mother AMS before
they even have a chance to vote on anything.
To begin with the executive should get moving on
formulating policies so that by the time next year's general
meeting rolls around perhaps students will have something
to vote on.
Council should take on the mandate to study
decentralization, student control of athletics, society
restructuring and student representation.
New councillors should assert themselves quickly by
demanding. old hacks which currently dominate many
council committees be dispatched to the great world
beyond UBC where they belong.
More importantly, there is an opportunity for students
to influence the entire structure of UBC.
Despite its failings, the New Democratic Party
government appears ready to revamp the university. A
strong student voice in that revamping could ensure it is
more radical than the government appears ready to grant.
The best existing framework to co-ordinate student
opinion and student interests is the Alma Mater Society.
All this is possible if student leaders would only lead.
Whether it will be done is largely up to the new council
and the new executive.
The annual general meeting was not a good beginning.
MARCH 8,1974
Published   Tuesdays,   Thursdays   and   Fridays   throughout  the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial  departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
Co-editors: Vaughn-Palmer, Michael Sasges
This Is the masthead in which people aie warned that the annual
editorial sweepstakes are on. All staffers are urged to vote. Further information Is available from returning officer John Andersen. Voting times are
12:30 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. today and the same times on Monday. Ballots will
be counted Monday afternoon.
"Vote", said Ryon Guedes, Sue Vohanka, Lesley Krueger, Eric Ivan
Berg, Bernie Bischoff, Sharon Stevenson, Cheryl Stevens, Boyd McConnell,
Ralph Maurer, Linda Hossie, Robin Burgess, Marise Savaria, Vaughn
Palmer, Gary Coull, Doug Rushton, Alan Doree, Rick Lymer, and Jake van
der Kamp.
Hurry back Michael, the whole damn place Is falling apart.
Oops forgot Peter Leibik, Don Peterson and Denise Chong. Also
special women's issue guest stars Pemme Muir, Coreen Douglas, Joan
Schwartz. Laura Hall and Joanne Clifton.
"I want to keep the beach natural, and that means in a stabilized
state whereby erosion is stopped".
—Vancouver park board chairman Art Cowie in the Vancouver Sun, March 6.
Stanfield sees shining steel
rail shrinking from sea to sea
OTTAWA (UNSC, CP, HBC, Eaton's, Woodward's)
— Prime Minister-elect Robert Stanfield today announced his government will undertake the un-
construction of the Canadian Pacific Railroad in
order to revive the country's sense of humor.
The project, entitled The National Scream, will
involve the unbuilding of the railroad from coast to
coast. "This joke will bind our entire nation
together," said Stanfield, howling with laughter as he
spoke at a fund-raising dinner in a McDonald's.
"We've needed something like this for years to
make us forget our regional disparities," said
Stanfield said he originally hoped to start the
project next year. But Western separatists in Fernie
and Golden threatened to leave confederation and
join the Philippines if their sections of track are
Another threat is Quebec's vow to leave confederation if their track is not unbuilt before
February, 1974.
However, Jean Drapeau, philosopher-king of the
province, has decreed Montreal's track must be
preserved till 1976, so its unbuilding can be included
as an Olympic event.
An American tourist agency is funding the project,
in conjunction with a plan to sell people the chance to
unexpand the American west, Stanfield said.
Tourists will buy a package plan enabling them to
survey a section of track they'd like to unbuild, using
whatever method they deem suitable.
"One jolly fellow has decided to begin unbuilding
the line in Vancouver with a thermonuclear device
shaped like Sir John A. MacDonald," Stanfield
"This might annoy some people like Gordon
Lightfoot, for example, who'll have to retitle his song
the Canadian Trucking Trilogy."
There will be a humble ceremony in Ottawa at the
end of the railroad's unbuilding, said Stanfield.
"The entire country will be flown in to watch me
withdraw the first spike with a golden crowbar."
There is no substance to the rumor Canada will
break apart and sink into the sea when he removes
the spike, he said.
I would like to complain about
our newly-renovated SUB listening
Remember when there was such
a thing as a reading room with a
countless array of magazines and
Remember when there was a
real listening room, quiet, intimate, comfortable and with a
wide selection of music to choose
Remember when we were told
that they were renovating the two
rooms to make 'em bigger and
better? Remember when we were
deprived, for God knows what
reason, of this facility one whole
Remember when it was rumored
that there was umpteen amount of
bucks wrapped up in records that
were being stored upstairs, just
waiting for that brand new expensive equipment to be installed
with the new wonderful innovations?
Remember when it was rumored
that, because of expenses, students
might have to pay a cover charge
for using the listening room?
I could go on and on.
The fact remains regardless of
the reasons or excuse, that the SUB
listening and reading rooms were
once a great place to go and relax
and ease the pressure of school or
just read and listen to music, but
now the entire area resembles a
country barn; open, big, cold,
bright and featuring lousy, lousy
music that one has no choice in
If that is what the Alma Mater
Society calls progressive planning
then I'm afraid their tastes aren't
too far removed from the shithouse
May I fully reveal my unadorned
thoughts on this recent and rather
fast passing caper commonly
recognized  as   streaking.
These streakers should get the
clap because they are exposed to
many elements; on one hand, the
cold and even snowy days and
nights, and on the other hand warm
sunny days.
This may not be a "flashing" fad
as I once saw it, but it could merely
uncover, to be a snow-balling effect.
It was unveiled by three engineers
one night in the Pit. They and other
bodies are going to streak through
SUB cafeteria Wednesday noon. I
hope they pull it off.
Ken Jessiman
commerce 2
Ap ailed
Dear Editors:
Amazing Doug,
How sweet the dean
That     saved     me     from
I thought I'd reps,
But now I've found
They're   dupes   of   the   arts
(Sung to the tune of The Lumberjack Song).
Thank you,
The Liberation Junta,
east mall annex
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be signed and
Pen names will be used when the
writer's real name is also included
for our information in the letter or
when valid reasons for anonymity
are given.
Although an effort is made to
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Letters should be addressed to
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Women and unions, health, the family.
Political involvement of women.
Feminists and suffragists. Feminists vs
This special Sisterhood insert examines
currents and undercurrents of the
movements for women's liberation.
It's publication marks International
Woman's Day, set aside to focus attention,
activity, discussion on the oppression of
, women and the efforts to end this discrimination.
It is presented here to put the struggles in
even finer perspective — to investigate the
positions of women on this campus as
workers, as students, as sexual beings, as
part of a continuing historical drama with
roots mixed with those of their sisters of the
This focusing has led to a certain amount
of splintering.
An article on women and unions for instance is separate from one examining the
role of the single parent while of course
women, their work and family are inextricably connected. However this separation
was first of all necessary to home in on the
aspects of each.
And secondly, perhaps without consciously intending to, this focusing and
subsequent splintering mirrors the state of
the women's liberation movement today.
As the article on women's involvement in
politics points out, the movement has
resolved itself into two separate streams.
Some feminists are involved in investigating
the aspects of themselves that form the
basis of their separation from men.
This stream is involved in exploring
women's sexuality and the roles they are
forced to play. These women are at once
asserting this difference but working to end
the inequality and injustice this difference
Members of the women's health collectives and the women's studies programs
perhaps best exemplify this stream.
At the same time there are women who
have explored the roots of their oppression
and come to the conclusion that the same
forces discriminating against men and
against workers form the basis of
discrimination against women. Therefore
only the overthrow of these forces — the
definition of which varies again according to
political persuasion — will mean the
liberation of women, to these people.
This   group   of   feminists,   or   former
feminists, have joined with men in an effort
to claim a total revamping of a system they
feel must go before anyone achieves true
liberation and rejected any involvement in
stop-gap measures because they believe
these to be self-defeating.
These of course are generalizations which
members of each stream might choose to
call gross indeed. Because within each of
these streams there are groups and subgroups fighting particular self-defined
battles from which they surface only occasionally to glimpse an overview.
This issue has in some ways catered to the
splintering, as pointed out above, by strict
separation of articles.
But in reading them people should
remember to surface at the back of the issue
with an overview of the situation, in the
manner that women involved in the campaigns surface for a quick glance around.
Hopefully of course this will be more than
a quick glance. The section was put together
to encourage discussion among women and
men on this campus. Obviously certain
articles will be of more interest to some than
others — articles on unions might appeal
most to the workers while the exploration of
woman as athlete will be read most completely by those already involved in sports.
But it is worth the effort to read beyond
this and discover that problems faced by
women in one area are similar to those
' found in other areas, since of course there is
the same root cause behind them all.
And women working on this section would
agree to this basic reason:
Society is structured in a compartmentalized, hierarchical way described
by some as a pyramid. On the top are the
controllers, who according to the old cliche
have to work hard to get there and even
harder to remain on their comfortable
Part of working to stay on top means there
has to be a firm base at the bottom of the
pryamid to rest on. So according to another
old cliche, there are some people who are
just stuck at the bottom. It's necessary for
them to remain there for the system to
Among those at the very bottom are
Now this has meant that women have had
very stricfly defined roles in the hierarchy
— although these roles have changed along
with the needs of those at the top.
In the 1940s when the boys went off to war
for instance, a Rosy the Riveter image of
wom«n was projected to get the women to
accept that they had to work in the factories
for the economy to continue to sail along.
Then in the 1950s the boys were back and
the women weren't needed in the factories
any longer. So a Happy Homemaker image
was projected to get them into the home and
lower potential high unemployment rates —
and discontent.
In all these cases women's roles have been
defined for them.
So the women's movement represents
both a continuing discussion of role-playing
— witness the first women's studies
program called Canadian Women: By
Whose Definition? — and action by women
to get this control for themselves.
Here there is splintering.
Some feel they must start immediate
work to redefine roles themselves, without
reference to those on top. Others call this
impossible, saying the root structure must
be overturned before redefinition is allowed.
The two streams diverge.
But within the confines of this section
they've joined, albeit reluctantly at times, in
demanding both recognition and discussion.
Because although the women's movement
has survived splintering and
disagreements, without constant discussion
and questioning it loses its vitality and any
potential change it can bring. Ruling class faulted
From pf 4
She describes women's oppression as "double" — first
because they work, and then
because they are women and
bearers of children."
Stephens said: "Working women
have no interests separate from
those of the working class as a
whole, including their class
brothers. It is the ruling class
which is responsible for the exploitation and oppression of women
in Canada today, and has an interest in dividing working class
women and men on the grounds of
"Women can best be served by
struggling for the elimination of
capitalism and the building of a
revolutionary society, with the
working class," said Stephens.
Class and not sex is the important division in society, she
AMS co-ordinator Jo-Anne
Lindsay, AMS arts representative
Teresa Deveson and AMS arts
representative Janice San--
dovmirsky, are three women
whose political involvement has
been primarily in the student
All three were involved in the
student representation struggle led
by the Democratic Students caucus
last year.
Lindsay feels women shouldn't
be involved in a separate women's
movement because "women can't
change too much in an isolated
group working within one part of
Deveson says "women's groups
are important, but should have
revolutionary consciousness
rather than simply trying to make
'women equal to men."
Sandomirsky says that women's
oppression comes out of the
inequality within society, based on
private property.
All three think it is important for
women to become politically active.
According to acting dean of
women Joyce Searcy, change can
only come through legislation and
legislation aimed at protecting the
rights of women will only come by
women being appointed to
government committees.
"Women have to be in positions
where they can influence change,"
Searcy says.
An organization such as the
status of women council is doing
just that, she said.
Searcy called the royal commission report on the status of
women "the Bible" of all women
and pointed to Trudeau's reference
to human rights in the crown
speech as a sign the government
really does intend to implement
some of the recommendations of
the report.
"I think the government is
recognizing there is a problem.
They're moving slowly but they
are moving."
But this movement has only
come as a result of mass pressure
from women across the country,"
Searcy said.
"I think this is the only way you
make  change —   by   minorities
working to become majorities. It's
the democratic way."
Searcy has been actively involved in the problems of women
on campus in her role as dean of
women, as an advisor to the
women's action movement and
more recently as a member of the
presidential committee on the
status of non-faculty women
chaired by Knute Buttedahl.
The Buttedahl report which was
released in November confirmed
that widespread discrimination
against women in areas of hiring
and promotion does exist at UBC
and recommended among other
things that UBC should act as a
leader in the community in ending
sexual discrimination.
Searcy admitted that "not
much" has been done as far as she
Knows to implement any of the
recommendations  of  the  report.
It's now up to the women and
concerned   men   on campus   to
demonstrate  they're behind   the
report, she said.
"Obviously if 42 per cent of the
student body was behind
something it would bring about
Searcy says she feels the
greatest danger of the women's
movement is that "women will be
pushed to be like men," and it's a
problem she sees as particularly
relevant to women at university.
"Women in traditionally male
faculties have said to me that they
feel 'just like one of the boys'. And
they think that's good. But you
shouldn't have to act like one of the
men in order to be a good engineer
or forester," Searcy said.
Instead women should strive to
be themselves.
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"Nobody knows what the new
woman is like. She hasn't had a
chance to be herself in all these
new sorts of situations."
Women in their desire to experience the same rights and
freedoms enjoyed by men have
opened themselves to new areas of
exploitation, according to Searcy.
"Sexual freedom means freedom
to be exploited — to be used," she
"I don't want to sound old
mother hennish about this. But
Sister Catherine Wallace said
when she spoke here that "women
lost their security before they
gained their freedom". "A better
way to put it perhaps would be
'before they've had a chance to
think out what kind of lifestyle they
want with their new freedom'."
It becomes clear from the
development of the women's
movement that there are two
major trends.
The first, expressed by women
who have been involved in student
politics and feminist politics, as
well as those involved just in
feminist politics, is that women
should find individual solutions
through jobs, through changed
consciousness, through the
separate women's movement.
The second is that women should
engage in political activity either
through reforming existing
structures or through allying with
the working class for a
revolutionary change in  society.
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Page Friday^ 2
Friday, March 8, 1974 *
Women command new attention
as unions expand definitions
Working women at UBC are commanding
attention as they move into traditionally
male jobs, take an active role in their unions
and organize an entirely new union to suit
their own needs.
Doreen Warnedoldt's drafting room
assistant position was always held by men
before she decided to apply with the encouragement of her union. She was already
working in the unit, had seniority and the
proper qualifications. Now she runs a
• printing machine while taking a night
course in drafting. In accordance with the
new union contract her position will be
upgraded when she completes the course.
Nancy Wallace is the first women to hold a
job in maintenance supervising scheduling
of janitorial staff who are men. Both women
are physical plant employees represented
by Office and Technical Employees Union
whose contract with the university calls for
equal pay for equal work.
UBC library this year hired its first
woman stack attendent. The Association of
University and College Employees which
has been recently established to represent
non-professional library and clerical staff
will demand an "equal pay for work of equal
value" clause in a contract with the
Equal pay
But the equal pay clause itself is not
sufficient provision to protect women, says
Marilyn Cairnduff secretary of the B.C.
Federation of Labor Committee on
Women's Rights, because of differences in
classification procedures which often allow
employers to stop hiring women rather than
pay them equal wages.
Jennifer Clemons, AUCE provincial
president, says the issue of changes in the
system of job classification, reclassification
procedures and opportunity for promotion is
second only to salary increases in the
associations list of priorities.
Sandra Lundy, UBC-AUCE treasurer,
says "Equal pay for equal work is interrelated with classification procedures. Our
major problem there is to fight the myth
that women's work is not as important as
men's or worth as much money.
"A lot of women workers were persuaded
to join a union because they had come to the
realization that their work is indispensable
to the functioning of the university.
"Clerical skills are valuable but the
university has reflected society's misconception that they are not skills."
Clemons offers the example of the stack
attendent position which has always before
been a man's job. It requires only a high
school diploma yet it shares the same salary
classification with secretary III which
requires a- number of skills as well as experience.
"And there's no extra pay for extra
qualifications. You might need a B.A. or
bilingualism to hold a particular clerical
position but you'll get no extra reward for
the extra requirements," she adds.
Contract renewal
UBC women workers are represented by
OTEU, AUCE and Canadian Union of Public
Employees. OTEU is also bargaining agent
for the office staff of the Alma Mater Society
which is the only all-woman unit on campus.
Ellen Novosel, a shop steward, says
' unionization in 1971 greatly improved
working conditions and she is optimistic
about this year's contract renewal.
Opal Skillings, OTEU organizer, says a
1972 campaign for the rest of UBC's staff
was unsuccessful with only 500 sign-ups. In
their second campaign last fall AUCE
enrolled 725 members.
"In a traditionally unorganized sector of
labor with workers spread evenly in small
offices in twos and threes it is difficult to
organize. Larger plants are more cohesive
BOSS ... smoke screen to unions
with closer communication and consequently easier to organize. This is the
usual situation in which men work."
"Women are the last large group left
unorganized because of these limitations.
But we were volunteer organizers who
worked here every day ourselves so eventually we were successful," AUCE's Lundy
She says, "There is a prevalent
misconception as to why this work force is
transient while in fact the reason is
economic. We understand there is a high
turnover rate — possibly 50 per cent.
"This has posed a problem in maintaining
our membership. There is bound to be a
transient population because of the working
conditions. These are jobs with no future, no
growth in buying power.
Old bogeyman
"But transience has been the old
bogeyman for not hiring women or paying
them well, it's a circular argument. In many
segments of the work force, even the
professions, men have a similar high rate of
turnover, in most cases to go to a higher
paying job.
"An enlightened administration would see
that with an improvement in working
conditions and the resultant continuity in
staff, this place would run better," says
Clemons says if the group's current application to the Labor Relations Board for
certification is denied, it will still represent
the workers by putting forward proposals. A
collective agreement can be reached
without certification if the employer will
recognize the union. "The Association gives
workers a power base to force change — a
vehicle for a united front," she says.
"Women have been in the work force for
100 years, obviously they wouldn't be there
unless they were needed. The university has
been here for 60 years and hasn't rushed to
improve the status of women. Even though
the university is a progressive part of
society it won't do anymore than it has to to
improve working conditions," Lundy says.
Clemons says the only way the recom
mendations of the status of women reports
will be implemented is through the
collective bargaining procedure. "In our
view, the president's report on staff women
was mainly critical of the procedures of the
Personnel Office, and rightly so," she says.
Administration president Walter Gage
has repeatedly stated that the recommendations will be implemented when the
budget allows.
Clemons says, "The state of the budget is
a problem, sure, but it's the administration's problem to deal with in its
relations with the government. We are
under a duty to make a case for a fair wage
taking into account the cost of living and
comparable wages in the community."
Lundy adds, "we intend to be responsible
in our salary demands. We will be tempered
by good judgment but not deflected. There is
need for across-the-board salary improvements."
AUCE was organized for all people doing
clerical type of work yet as the result 90 per
cent of the membership is women. Clemons
says the predominance of women will be
reflected in the make-up of the union
executive, in its activities and concerns. Yet
the two top priorities are improvements in
salaries and job classifications, not so-
called women's issues.
Maternity leave
Clemons says, "We have casually
discussed paternity and maternity leave,
and child care but we haven't formally
considered them because the other two
items are more pressing and we do have
universal agreement on them. There are a
host of other things to consider, like study
benefits as well as child care and those
won't be ignored. They will be negotiated on
but not as high priorities."
Righting things will be a long process. The
first contract won't solve everything. Our
task is to move ahead, but we will have to
fight just not to lose any ground. Which
could happen if conditions get any worse due
to inflation. It used to be that those on the
lower pay scales were concerned that they
could not buy homes, now it's a question of
just being able to eat," says Lundy.
The long established unions affiliated with
the B.C. Federation of Labour have made
considerable progress in righting things for
their members so that the women's rights
committee has been able to take up the issue
of child- care.
In briefs to human resources minister
Norm Levi and to the NDP caucus committee on legislative priorities for women,
the committee has argued for 24 hours,
seven day a week care including children
under three.
A survey of the unions' membership
revealed that one-third of those answering
their questionnaire has at one time or
another had to turn down a promotion, a
raise in pay or a better paying job because
they were unable to make suitable
arrangements for their children's care on
the new schedule.
The Committee points out that now only
working mothers but also deserted or
widowed fathers need child care. "Day care
will not take the mother from the home . . .
she's out at work already. It will remove the
child from often inadequate, dull, tyrannical
situations and place him in an enriching,
happy well-supervised environment."
Civil rights
One brief focuses the problem in this way:
"We have civil rights, human rights and
women's rights. It's time we considered
children's rights.
"The right of every child to a settled,
regular routine with loving care in an
enriching environment. We won't be
satisfied with good day care or better day
care. We insist upon the best day care for
children of this province."
The committee recommends child care
centres be removed from the jurisdiction of
the human resources department and
placed under the education department with
funding in the same manner as public
Regarding education, the brief advises
"not only must' textbooks be updated to
reflect the role of women and mothers in the
work force, but they must also reflect the
dignity and virtue due to the laboring class
in its role in this society" and refrain from
depicting the average parent as a white-
collar professional.
Public speaking
Last year the committee held a conference which was an educational workshop
for women in unions on public speaking and
parliamentary procedure to encourage
women to participate in union activities by
teaching appropriate skills.
There have been many good results.
Newly-elected Joyce Cameron is the first
woman president of a United Steelworkers
local. Lorraine Shire, who works on the
Vancouver Sun news rim, is now president
of the Newspaper Guild, the first woman to
hold the position.
Last fall the Federation's conference on
women's rights voted to oppose the
establishment of a women's ministry. The
official B.C. Federation position supports
the ministry. Women delegates at the
conference saw a women's ministry as
instituting as unwise policy of segregation
and reverse discrimination which would
divide the working class.
The fourth Annual Conference on
Women's Rights May 10-12 will hear
Cameron, Shore and Nancy Hamilton,
treasurer of the provincial executive of B.C.
Government Employees Union, speaking on
taking an active part in unions. Other
speakers at the public conference will be
MLA Rosemary Brown, education minister
Eileen Dailly, Kathleen Ruff, human rights
director, and Chris Waddell, director of the
Women's Bureau.
Friday, March 8, 1974
Page Friday. 3 •
Women and
Women's politics
two distinct focuses
Radical lesbianism, single-issue campaigns, reformism,
revolutionary politics, personal development through consciousness
All are facets of the political struggle for women's liberation and all
have lately fallen into two distinct focuses. On the one hand are women
involved in realizing their own personal liberation. On the other are
those who have aligned themselves with the working class in
revolutfonary politics, rejecting a specific women's movement in favor
of a broader based class movement.
Supporters of both movements are found here at UBC today as an
outgrowth of the original women's movement on campus.
A recognizable women's movement started here in 1970 when a large
student group began meeting Monday night to discuss the situation
women are in.
Out of this came the first women's studies non-accredited course in
1971-72 which in turn led to the first Sisterhood issue, the women's action
group and later on the accredited women's studies program sponsored
by the administration.
Nowadays women are busy re-examining the movement and their
place in it.
Laura Hall, Fran Isaacs, Dorothy Smith and Annette Kolodny have
been primarily involved in women's politics.
Hall is a member of this year's women's office collective.
Both Hall and Isaacs think the women's movement is becoming more .
differentiated. They see political issues and consciousness raising as the
two major directions.
Hall says she "doesn't think the women's movement is dying out, but
becoming related to more specific issues," as it diversifies.
Isaacs locates the cause of women's oppression in "about 6,000 years
of accumulated culture," while Hall says that "the social structure is
the root of women's oppression."
Isaacs was uncertain about what women should be doing just now.
The movement "has just begun, and diversity is good. Once stopped,
and blocked, women will go back, and work in an area that seems to
work." Hall thinks the first thing to be done is to "change attitudes and
carry that over into people's lives."
Kolodny says the women's movement has given women a wider
possibility of lifestyles from which to choose.
"The problem is to make women aware of the possibilities and give
them the courage and strength to take hold and grasp the opportunities
available open to them," she said.
She talked briefly about the roots of the movement in North America
and described her personal involvement in the revolt of women from the
radical Free Speech movement at Berkley campus in 1964 — a political
milestone in the development of the American women's movement.
Competent women involved in the Free Speech movement found they
were relegated to "licking stamps for men much younger and less
competent than we were," said Kolodny.
The newly independent women formed consciousness raising groups
and began to work toward solving some of the problems facing women
— such as child care.
Kolodny disagrees that the women's movement has been primarily a
campus-based middle class phenomenon.
Working class women are involved, she said. But they haven't had the
same "access to the public arena" as the more vocal, better educated
women. She pointed to the Welfare Moms, a group of working women
who are fighting in California and New York for changes in areas such
as welfare and day care as an example of an active working class
women's group.
The basic problem is one of education, according to Kolodny, and this
is an area where the women's movement has already effected some real
changes, not just at the university level, but at all levels, she said.
Women have got to become more actively involved in the political
process. "I want to see more women from the movement in parliament
and congress. I'd like to see a woman replace Trudeau and anyone
replace Nixon. Both Canada and the U.S. are ready for a woman prime
minister and president."
Smith thinks the women's movement is not "identifiable with a
specific organization, and represents divergent interests, while its class
interests prevent organization beyond limited practical objectives."
But Smith feels the women's movement has been instrumental in
changing women to "political actors rather than political passives."
She says the diversity of the women's movement is good. Within
women's studies there is the possibility of producing women who are
"hard-headed and rigorous".
It arose because "women's world is determined from the outside, by
media, from conscious domination by men."
Women finally reacted.
Smith feels teaching is quite important and will continue working in
that way.
"I am not clear what form of political action I either would or could
see as effective," says Smith.
Louise Mandell, Terry McNeney, Pemme Muir, Sue Wendell and
Cheryl Stephens have all been involved in both student politics and
feminist politics and have reached varying conclusions about how
women can struggle.
Louise Mandell, a second year law student, and former adult
education teacher has been involved in both feminist politics (an
abortion service in Peterborough in 1970, Women's Legal Aid and A
Women's Place here in Vancouver) and community politics (Tenants'
Organization in Peterborough, a school for Community Organizers, a
drug abuse project, the Inside-Outside Prison project here).
She sees two major trends in the women's movement.
The first is "those women who are taking advantage of opening doors,
moving into positions traditionally held for men. These women are
getting inside the professions and corporations, but their participation
will be limited by the needs of the company," says Mandell.
The second are "those women with motives similar to Juliet Mitchell's, that is, fundamentally revolutionary. They see not man, but
capitalism, as the oppressor.
They are turning reform into revolution," says Mandell.
Pemme Muir, the Progressive Student Alliance candidate for
treasurer, thinks women should be involved in both student politics and
women's politics. She has been involved in the women's office, AMS
politics, and The Ubyssey.
"Women's oppression can't be solved by women alone because men
have all the authority," says Muir.
Terry McNeney, has been involved in both student politics (in the
student representation struggle led last year by the Democratic
Students' caucus), and in the women's office. She feels that women's
oppression is caused by "the nature of capitalism", and the attempts by
women to unionize are "healthy".
McNeney feels women, if students, should work "to politicize students
Sue Wendell, a member of the women's action group on campus, was
first involved in student politics and draft resistance in the U.S.
She feels the source of pressures on women are "not just capitalist
society, but also the strain of misogyny in our society. There is the
isolation of women within the nuclear family and the home."
Cheryl Stephens, a supporter of Vancouver Student Movement,
student wing of the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) and
former feminist, says the primary cause of women's oppression within
capitalism is their position as workers and secondarily the fact of being
See pf 2: RULING
Separate disciplii
Does a course offering framework for
questioning and understanding the situation
and experiences of 51 per cent of the world's
population need to be justified as a legitimate
Yes, if the course is to become part of the
UBC curriculum.
Helga Jacobson, one of four faculty members
teaching the UBC women's studies course, says
"the argument for women's studies as a
legitimate area of study in its own right must
be seen in the context of the arguments
presented against it."
Jacobson said one argument often presented
against establishing the course was that
women are automatically included within
disciplines, because the concern is with people.
"All disciplines claim to talk about people,
but they haven't attended to the situation of
women," says Jacobson. "We want to establish
a basis for understanding and interpreting the
roles and experiences of women in their own
right, which will lead to a full understanding of
the worlds of both men and women."
Annette Kolodny, also involved in teaching
the interdisciplinary course, agrees most
disciplines have long ignored women.
"We were daring to teach an area that was
assumed to be already taught, and which many
people thought wasn't a legitimate area of
study," Kolodny says. "Obviously these
statements are contradictory but that didn't
stop people from raising . them
Students and faculty involved with the
women's studies course agree an interdisciplinary framework is essential in gaining
a full understanding of women's situation.
"The interests one can create around
women's studies automatically cuts across
disciplines,"   Jacobson   says.   "The   un
derstanding of different issues and problems
will emerge through the perspectives of the
disciplines in combination rather than
Students taking part in one of the course
seminars said they feel university curriculum
is set up to channel students into disciplines.
"In this course we're getting a much wider
perspective," said one student. "We're learning to look at situations with a wide open
Kolodny says she agrees separate disciplines
have outlived their usefulness. "The important
questions being asked now involve the mastery
of multiple methodologies," she said.
"We must no longer box our faculties into
narrow <
offer om
the couri
an inter
each ye
Each ii
devote h
By Whose Dei
Move over for the women's office. writing
The women's office collective wants to show "We t
that a woman's point of view exists and is both on cam
valid and valuable. membei
To accomplish this aim the office is offering ourselvc
one of the more active non-credit programs vices su
available on campus this year. subject <
The  program   for   women   —   By   Whose alienate
Definition? — consists of a Tuesday night panel Hall s
discussion  and  lecture  series  and  several same*,.,
ongoing workshops. progran
The women's office began to sponsor a non- Lectui
credit   program   two   years   ago.   The   first decrease
programs involved a lecture series, and about from on
20 informal seminar  groups  discussing  the Since
content of the lectures. Free babysitting was discusse
provided to encourage off-campus women to moveme
participate in the program. America
Seminars became more specific in the second discussii
year of the program, dealing with alternate exhibitir
Page Friday, 4
Friday, March 8, 1974 •
O   Academia
O   Health
O   Politics
Health care changes
coming too slowly
"If reliable information on these matters is
wanted, ask the husband!"
"She appreciates the opportunity to tell her
story and, among the irrelevancies, invariably gives the vital clues."
These lines are taken from Principles of
Gynaecology by T. M. Jeffcoate, a Woodward
Library textbook used by the UBC medicine
faculty. And they're typical of the attitude
expressed throughout the book — that women
are slightly stupid, not to be trusted and just a
little less than human.
Books like this shape the attitudes of our
physicians. And these attitudes in turn lead to
the quality of health care in Vancouver today.
Recently, women have begun to wake up
and take the initiative to improve the quality
of their health care. Abortion, contraception,
breast self-examination and treatment of
rape victims and venereal disease are areas
of particular concern.
The laws limiting abortion have become a
focus for action by various groups of women
across Canada. Organizations such as the
UBC abortion action committee, the Vancouver women's health collective and YWCA
women's information centre along with other
groups have been active in protesting current
abortion laws.
Today a tribunal is being held in Ottawa to
demand the dropping of all charges against
three doctors charged with performing illegal
abortions — Henry Morgentaler, Yvan
Machabee and Mordecai Tanguay.
Local women are also taking action.
A demonstration and rally is to be held this
afternoon at the Vancouver court house in
conjunction with the Ottawa tribunal. A
public meeting to hear reports from B.C.
participants in the Ottawa tribunal will take
place later this month.
Several local organizations are active in
providing a variety of more specific health
care services for women.
Head nurse Boyle of the student health
service on campus emphasizes the
availability and confidentiality of facilities at
Contraceptive counselling is available upon
request. Several full-time male doctors and
three part-time female doctors counsel, and
then in consultation with the patient prescribe
the most suitable type of contraception for the
woman and her partner.
Women receiving birth control pills or
intrauterine devices get follow-up care. No
such care is routinely given to patients using
condoms, diaphragms or foams.
Initial treatment for venereal disease is
given in some cases. However, if a case appears difficult the woman is referred directly
to the VD control centre on West Tenth for
initial treatment or counselling. Follow-up of
contacts receiving treatment at Wesbrook is
- also left to the control centre.
Boyle said no routine health care teaching
takes place. Women wanting to learn breast
self-examination or the physiology of menstruation must ask for information.
Supervisor Willett of Vancouver General
Hospital's emergency department says her
department's task is treatment of accident
victims and acute illness — contraceptive,
pregnancy and abortion counselling is not
viewed as a priority unless related to an
emergency situation.
Another hospital spokeswoman says the
staff regards large scale health teaching as
worthless in emergencies, because in a high
stress situation women absorb little of what is
said to them.
The spokeswoman says she thinks nurses
could teach more effectively if they were
more highly motivated. She says this
motivation must begin in the training process
for nurses.
£s have outlived their usefulness
ilines, nor do we dare foist upon
s illusion that the separate
e sacrosanct and have nothing to
he interdisciplinary structure of
;ates problems in its organization.
olved in organizing and teaching
jlinary course must be released
f their respective departments,
ed department also must be
low" the department member to
her time to a course outside the
:rsity needs to create a more
lation to allow interdisciplinary
courses to take place," says Jacobson.
"Problems of getting release time and the
problems of budgeting associated with it have
to be dealt with in a more systematic way."
Four disciplines — anthropology, English,
psychology and sociology — now constitute the
framework of the course. Faculty and students
say they hope additional disciplines will be
added in the future.
Kolodny says she would like to see the course
expand to become a degree granting program
offering upper and lower level courses. She
said such expansion will require more faculty.
But expansion of the course depends on
budgeting, Kolodny says.
Asked   if   she   thought   the   government's
university budget allowance would affect the
future of the women's studies course, Kolodny
said: "The government wants more efficient
use of university facilities. If efficient means
courses that attract students and make use of
faculty talent, then w.e're what they're looking
"We are intellectually valuable," she says.
"We train students in kinds of thinking that will
make them better and more aware citizens.
"We are an innovative program making use
of multiple disciplinary approaches and
training our students in methods of problem
solving which will help them deal with
problems and issues in contemporary
Women's studies seminar students are quick
to reaffirm the value of the course and the need
for its expansion.
"The idea is to establish a women's studies
program," says one student. "All over North
America Ph.D's are offered in women's
studies, and here we are with one piddly
"This has been by far the best course I've
ever taken," says another student.
"We now know the kinds of questions to ask in
order to gain a full understanding of a situation.
In this course we know we're discussing things
that are important to us."
nition — Women's view valid and valuable
minism  and   Marxism,  journal
women in the arts,
together all kinds of women both
and off," says office collective
ira Hall. "We try not to isolate
the university by providing ser-
3 babysitting and by seeing that
nt is not all academic so as to not
munity women."
rogram aims have remained the
x^but the original structure of the
been slightly modified,
continue   this   year   but   have
frequency to one every two weeks
stmas the lecture series has
ie evolution of the women's
id the status of women in Latin
i in high schools. A panel
nth the women artists now
irk in SUB art gallery was held
Tuesday. In an upcoming lecture Marylee
Stephenson, editor of Women in Canada will
discuss the ways women attempt to achieve
change in their circumstances.
The seminar groups have been restructured
this year into workshops.
"We feel the workshops are more specific
and encourage more commitment to a particular workshop," says Hall. "People were
hopping from one seminar to another trying to
find something they liked."
Hall says workshops have also become more
active. For example, one workshop teaches self
defense for women; another is a self-help
health group where women learn about their
Other workshops have become more intensive and deal with women's feelings. "These
are more intense conciousness-raising
groups," says Hall. "Women have an opportunity to explore how they feel about their
situation, about being women."
Hall says the workshops have been very
successful, but the number of participants in
the lecture series has dropped to about 100
persons this year from about 600 in th)e first
years of the programs.
"I think the days of being lectured to are
over," says Hall. "There's a trend in the
women's movement to become more specific
and deal with more specific issues. There is no
longer the mass movement of women.
"Women want to be involved in something
more active," Hall says. She cited day-care
facilities, abortion, and the accredited
women's studies program as examples of
specific areas of concern and action.
The future of the women's office and their
program is not secure, partly because of
problems with their status in relation to the
Alma Mater Society.
The office is not a constituted club as it
serves both students and'non-students and also
doesn't want the AMS to control its budget and
"We don't want to operate under the situation
of having to have everything okayed by the
AMS," says Hall.
Pemme Muir, a-member of the women's
office collective, has appeared before the
current council to ask for ensured office space
so the office can apply for money grants.
However, Muir was told the incoming council
must decide if the office is to receive office
"We don't really know where we stand," says
A group of six women will be meeting over
the summer to play a program around the
women's office for next year. Muir, who will be
involved in the planning, says "next year's
program will probably stay away from lectures
and head more into workshops and seminars."
Friday, March 8, 1974
Page Friday, 5 Counselling at VGH
From pf5
VGH does not treat veneral
disease. All patients wanting
treatment or counselling are
referred to the control centre.
The outpatient department at
VGH has set up a women's clinic
which treats gynaecological
disorders and gives birth control,
abortion and pregnancy counselling.
Supervisor Borlords says patient
eligibility is the main problem with
this clinic. Unless women have no
money, no job, no medical insurance and have lived in Canada
for one year before they desire
assistance, they are refused and
referred elsewhere — usually to a
private doctor.
A spokeswoman for the family
planning association says seeking
social and educational reform,
particularly in areas of birth
control and pregnancy care, is a
main function of the association.
Counselling is important in their
program. The abortion program is
particularly thorough. Counsellors
help the women make a decision
after exploring a variety of
alternatives, accompany the
women to the doctor's office, visit
with the woman in the hospital and
at her home after the abortion.
Birth control teaching is part of the
home visit program.
The city of Vancouver finances
the free Pine Street clinic. Many
women using the clinic are minors
or transients. An estimated 40 per
cent of patients seek birth control
counselling and follow-up.
Initial contact with women
coming to the clinic for birth
control assistance takes at least an
hour. The patient is taught about
her body, how the contraception
works, what things to watch out
for, breast self-examinations, and
joins all women
in celebrating
are available in Vancouver
1208 Granville St., 688-5924
and other bookstores.
edited by Linda Jenness. $2.25
AND THE STATE by Frederick Engels, with introduction
by Evelyn Reed. $2.50
available from:
pothfincto pw/
25 Bulwer St., Toronto, Ont. M5T 1A1
the importance of follow-up care.
The pill is the most commonly
used contraceptive device because
clinic facilities are not conducive
to intrauterine device or
diaphragm insertion.
The clinic also treats venereal
disease. Most follow-up is done at
the clinic, except in very complex
cases which are referred to the VL>
control centre.
The women's health collective
offers a different kind of service.
Unlike the other facilities it helps
only-women and deals only with
gynaecological problems. The
collective believes women should
participate in health care and
make decisions about their bodies
The collective also runs an
evening clinic with a qualified
physician in attendance. The
women are encouraged to take an
active part in the examinations —
they are able to insert their own
speculums, feel their uterus and
test their own urine.
Collective members say this kind
of service is necessary since most
women are made to feel guilty
about seeing a doctor about a
gynaecological problem if they are
not physically ill. This becomes
compounded by the fact that this is
the most common ailment of
Several women working out of
the women health collective are
trying to raise funds to start a rape
crisis centre. This would involve
not only helping the women
through the initial crisis period but
also accompanying the woman to
the police and the court. Emotional
counselling would follow to help the
woman face her friends and
family, making sure she gets good
follow-up care (VD and pregnancy
tests) and just being available
throughout the whole ordeal. Representatives say this sometimes
lasts for over a year.
With the exception of the Pine
Street Clinic and the women's
health collective other representatives of facilities said they felt the
need for health care for women
does not differentiate from that of
In the traditional settings very
little emphasis was put on teaching
the patient and thereby rendered
her dependent on the decisions of
the health team — mainly the
Medicine is taught in the
universities, but looking after
people is not. It appears that until
we do something about the way our
medical personnel are trained,
both doctors and nurses, we cannot
hope for a better health care
12:30 p.m.
S.U.B. Rm. 207-208
Two  films on Yom Kippur War made by students of New
Jewish Media Project.
Saturday, March 9
8:30 P.M.    Old Auditorium
At Door
General Admission
a delicatessen on campus . .. with cheese, cold
meats, bread, pastries and
specially prepared sandwiches to go . ..
3209 W. Broadway
j(Opp. Liquor Store and Super Valu)^
Art Reproductions
Art Nouveau
Largest Selection
of Posters in B.C.
Photo Blowups
from Negs& Prints
Jokes-Gifts, etc.
Starts Sunday
Andy Warhol's
Warning: Some nudity, sex scenes
*5,.,  and coarse language. B.C. Dir.
9:45 p.m.
|   James Joyce's
7:30 p.m.
Women Students
If you need us
We're here!
Information, referral, confidential
assistance for financial, personal
academic problems.
Room 456, Buchanan Bldg.,
Phone 228-2415
City Sights...
150 E. HASTINGS 685-5831
Now in 35 mm!
KPOWOIS- 687-8761
Page Friday. 6
Friday, March 8, 1974 *    Chivalry is poor
substitute for justice
In Times Like These, by Nellie McClung, with an introduction by Veronica Strong-Boag. University of
Toronto Press, Toronto 1972, 129 pp. $2.95.
Nellie McClung's book is one of the few writings to
come out of the first feminist movement in Canada.
Published in 1915 and then forgotten for decades, In
Times Like These is an important document of the
early Canadian suffrage movement and has recently
been reprinted with the "second wave" of feminism.
It's publication reflects the attempt by feminists
today to rediscover the Canadian feminist history,
which has for so long been misrepresented or
A life-long advocate of women's rights, Nellie
McClung was born in Ontario in 1873. At the age of
seven she went to rural Manitoba with her parents,
where she married a pharmacist, raised a family of
five, and played a prominent role in the Winnipeg
suffragist movement.
After moving to Edmonton she was elected a
Liberal member of the Alberta provincial legislature
in 1921.
In 1929, she organized a court battle to have
Canadian women recognized as "persons" under the
Through her life, she wrote 16 books and numerous
articles, becoming one of Canada's best known
authors. She died in 1951.
McClung was one of Canada's most colorful suffragists, but her militant- determination to win
women's rights was limited by her middle class
background and outlook. She saw oppression of
women and reacted against it without considering the
basic causes: the necessity for society to maintain
women in their subservient positions to support the
hierarchical nature of society.
Like many Canadian suffragists, McClung's first
political involvement was in the Women's Christian
Temperance Union. The temperance movement was
one of the many reform and protest movements
which arose in response to the new social conditions
and problems created by increasing industrialization.
Drunkeness was a serious problem. Women of the
working class were particularly affected. Their
husbands, driven by the monotony and despair of
their terrible working conditions, went and drank
away their already-too-meager wages.
The move to ban liquor was of course, misdirected.
The WCTU, like many of the other reform groups of
the time, did not examine the social causes that drove
people to alcoholism, and so, came up with a
superficial and unworkable proposal — prohibition.
It was in the temperance movement that McClung
and others learned the skills of organizing and
oratory. As well, the fight for temperance legislation
increased the early feminists' frustration at women's
lack of political power. So it was no accident that the
WCTU was one of the first groups to organize for
women's suffrage in Manitoba.
But neither was it accidental that the superficiality
characterizing these women's thinking on alcoholism
found its reflection in their inability to understand the
nature of women's oppression.
Nellie McClung was among the founders of the
Political Equality League (PEL) in Winnipeg in 1912,
the most active of a series of pro-suffrage groups. The
PEL's activities included conducting a mass petition
campaign, adorning Winnipeg streetcars with suffrage   banners   and   staging   a   women's   mock
parliament. The suffrage campaign won support
from the Winnipeg Trades and Labour Council, the
Graingrowers Guide, the Farmers' Advocate, the
Manitoba Free Press and the Winnipeg Tribune.
In 1915, Manitoba became the first province to give
women the vote. This victory came frorn years of
hard battle by Manitoba women and the mass support
they rallied to their cause. Within the next two years,
women gained suffrage rights in most provinces and
on the federal level.
Shortly after the vote was won, the women's
movement began to decline. By the middle 1920s, only
a few activists remained and the movement was
effectively dead. Some feminists today blame this
decline on the focussing of the women's movement on
the single issue of the vote. They claim that once
suffrage had been won, women were satisfied.
McClung's In Times Like These is delightful
reading. With her sharp wit, she lashes out against
the male chauvinist hypocrisy of the time:
"These tender-hearted and chivalrous gentlemen
who tell you of their adoration for women, cannot
bear to think of women occupying public positions.
Their tender hearts shrink from the idea of women
lawyers, or women policemen, or even women
preachers, these positions would 'rub the bloom off
the peach' to use their own eloquent words.
"Chivalry," she writes, "is a poor substitute for
Painstakingly, McClung answers every argument
advanced by the forces against women's suffrage.
She pours ridicule on the notions that women are "too
emotional," or "too foolish," or don't have the time to
vote, and then turns these characterizations back on
those who present them.
Although she presents an eloquent defense of
women's rights, McClung's book exemplifies many of
the flaws of the first women's movement. One of her
main arguments for the right to vote rests on her
premise that women naturally have a higher
morality than men, and could purge politics of
She protests some of the oppressive features of the
family — the forced dependence on men, the
degradation of domestic role-playing — but she never
fundamentally questions the institution itself.
Motherhood, she claims, is woman's highest
achievement. Nowhere in McClung's writings do we
find her advocating women's right to sexual freedom.
Neither did she understand the social origins of
women's oppression. In In Times Like These, she
attributes woman's inferior social position to a
weaker physical structure.
She denounces war as a "crime committed by
men" that continues "because men like it." But
during World War I, McClung herself jumped on the
bandwagon, giving total support to the war against
German "autocratic . . . male statecraft," sitting on
the Canadian War Conference.
McClung's work is also steeped in religious
prejudice. While she criticizes the churches for
contributing to the subjugation of women, still she
espouses religion to relieve the worries and cares of a
hard life. She ends her book with one of the worst of
religious platitudes: "Happiness is a condition of
heart," she writes, "and is not dependent on outward
conditions. The kingdom of heaven is within you."
This view has traditionally been used to make
people think that it is possible somehow to transcend
their wretched conditions through communion with a
god — instead of fighting their exploitation.
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Friday, March 8, 1974
Page Friday, 7 o
Extramural athletics
an unusual mixture
UBC women's extramural athletics is a
curious mixture of serious problems and
tremendous success.
Although the program operates at or
below a minimum level of funding and faces
difficulties with facilities and coaching
personnel, women's teams from UBC have
dominated the Canada West conference for
the past two years.
In 1972-73, the women captured conference titles in basketball, volleyball,
swimming, field hockey, track and field and
gymnastics and finished third in badminton
and curling. UBC was represented at all
four National championships and brought
back the Canadian Intercollegiate crown in
three of the four — basketball, volleyball
and swimming.
This year UBC has accumulated five
firsts, two seconds and a third in Canada
West competition. Again gymnasts and
swimmers were sent to the Nationals and
this weekend the volleyball and basketball
teams are out to defend their Canadian
Top calibre
Many women have distinguished themselves in conference competition, on
provincial teams or as Canadian
representatives in international sporting
events. Half the 1972-73 Thunderette
basketball squad made the Canadian
collegiate team for the World Student
Games in Moscow last August.
Five UBC field hockey team members
were on the winning B.C. team at the
Canada Summer Games.
Runner Thelma Wright has represented
Canada in international competition since
1969, notably at the 1970 and 1974 British
Commonwealth Games, the 1972 Olympics
and the 1973 World Student Games. UBC's
Janet Terry has been Canada West and
National Intercollegiate champion and, for
the last two years, a member of the
Canadian Gymnastics team. Betty Baxter,
captain of the volleyball Thunderettes, has
been to China, Mexico, Russia and Uruguay
as a member of the Canadian volleyball
The list goes on and on. In addition there
are those top calibre athletes who attend
UBC but who do not compete on women's
extramural teams — Brenda Eisler and
Patti Loverock to name only two. A lack of
women's sports reporters and a scarcity of
funds for publicity has prevented these
athletes from gaining the recognition that
they deserve.
Why with lack of funding, publicity and
support, do women participate in extramural sports?
Women's athletics director Marilyn
Pomfret says she sees it as a natural desire
to compete for a school — though she says
she recognizes that such pride or enthusiasm isn't "in" these days. At least not
on this campus.
Pomfret contends that top-calibre athletes
will participate in extramurals if the
university can provide a reasonable
program of coaching, facilities and tournaments.
And she says athletes not choosing to
compete for their school can benefit from
the broader attachment offered by intercollegiate sports.
Wright concurs.
Low-key meets
While she says she would naturally
compete for the university because her
personal coach is also UBC's track man
Lionel Pugh, she says there are other
reasons for her participation.
"I enjoy competing for my school," she
said recently. "We have a good team this
"The younger members look up to me and
can learn from my experience and I like
helping them.
"It's also nice to enter intercollegiate
meets because they're low key, they're
fun", she said.
"It's easier on you, very different from
the pressures of international competition."
The remarkable fact about women's
athletics at UBC is the success of the extramural program in the face of grave
financial difficulties.
In 1972-73, approximately 19,000 students
paid the $5 athletic fee.
At 80 cents a head, the student contribution to women's extramurals was
Supplemented by an Alumni Association
grant of $2,500 and university support to the
tune of $12,500 the total operating budget for
women's extramurals was $30,200.
None of this goes to intramurals or
To make comparisons with other
universities is difficult and to an extent
meaningless because of radically different
structures governing the sources and use of
At Carleton, Queens and the Universities
of Toronto and Western Ontario, the revenue
from the student athletic fee must cover the
intramural, extramural and recreational
programs and the university administration
contributes nothing whatsoever.
But it's interesting to note in 1972-73 the
University of Toronto Women's Athletic
Association spent more than 85 per cent of
UBC's entire women's extramural budget —
$26,000 — on team travel alone.
UBC's 80 cent a head allocation to
women's athletics is grossly inadequate (not
that the men's revenue is satisfactory
Money trouble
There is no set percentage breakdown
between men's and women's allotments.
The men's portion of $4.20 a head is the
result of two referenda and only by coincidence do the two total $5.00 even.
At the University of Toronto, with about
8,200 fee-paying undergraduate women,
each woman pays $10 each towards the WAA
program. At the University of Alberta, with
an enrollment of 18,500 students pay $8 and
women receive one-third.
Although no allocation breakdowns are
set, the athletic fee at the University of
Victoria is $6, at the University of Saskatchewan campus at Regina $7, at U of S
Saskatoon campus $14, at Western Ontario
$20 and at Carleton $30.
Taking into consideration comparative
enrolments, university support and
disbursement of funds as well as the success
of the athletic programs in terms of participation and success, it's painfully obvious
that the UBC situation is ludicrous.
And the financial outlook isn't about to
The unofficial estimate projected for the
1974-75 operating budget is $31,200 with
student contribution constituting less than
Unfortunately, a number of factors will
create even tighter financial straits.
Air fares and accommodation rates have
recently increased. Even without taking
such increases into account, it's still been
necessary to make cut-backs.
The 1974-75 budget does not include
equipment or uniform requirements and it
does not include meal allocation for team
members while travelling.
As it is now, women on UBC teams receive
a-meal allowance of only $3.75 per day while
those representing Calgary, Alberta and
Toronto receive $6 to $8.
Nevertheless, the women's athletic
directorate has chosen to cut meal
budgeting rather than curtail or delete any
Social attitudes toward women in athletics
are often inconsistent.
The leotard sports such as gymnastics are
accepted as feminine and participation in
such activities meets not only approval but
However, the gym suit athlete playing
basketball is frequently portrayed as a
behemoth with the grace of a brick outhouse
and the gait of a logger.
'Women jocks9
To complicate matters, female athletes
themselves perpetuate these images.
Women in leotard sports consider the gym
suit athletes to be the lowest form of
womanhood while the gym suit athletes
have a mental block against achievement in
the leotard sports.
Of course, the point to emphasize is that
the same physical and psychological
qualities — strength, speed and coordination as well as endurance, dedication
and a sense of competition — are common to
all outstanding athletes regardless of their
At university, women jocks is a nasty
term implying muscle-bound freaks, shy on
academic acumen and, therefore in phys.
Certainly there is a tendency for female
athletes to hail from the P.E. department,
but this is to be expected.
After all, who puts on the musicals and
theatrical productions — more likely the
music and theatre majors than the physics
or sociology students. And who forms the
nucleus of the Alliance Francais? Not the
engineers. Then why the fuss over the large
number of phys. ed. students on extramural
teams? Why the cries of Women Jocks?
This psycho-social dimension of women's
athletics has little relevance at UBC. The
feminity of women athletes, happily, is not
in question and there seems to be a degree of
understanding and co-operation among
competitors in all sports.
For those who mutter approvingly when a
female athlete chooses a supposedly more
academic course than phys. ed., UBC
women should be a source of inspiration. A
large proportion (58 per cent in 1972-73), of
women who sport the blue and gold are
enrolled in education (23 per cent), in arts
(17 per cent), science (9 per cent), nursing,
rehabilitation medicine, home economics,
agriculture and graduate studies.
Years behind
The questions raised at some universities
also seem irrelevant here. Questions of the
administrative structure of men's and
women's programs, of the role of women in
athletics, of the position of the female
athlete in society, of recreational or competitive philosophies just aren't asked.
Not because UBC students are
enlightened on such issues but because the
whole set-up is 10 years behind the times.
On the organizational or administrative
side of the matter, the program is hung-up
on the most basic of difficulties — financing
— and so it hasn't progressed beyond step
As far as students are concerned, the
absence of problems doesn't reflect an informed and up-to-date viewpoint but sadly
an apathetic and outmoded way of thinking.
What is the place of athletics in a campus
mentality which glorifies the beer-belting,
bare-assed prankster that went out,
elsewhere, with the era of American
And then there are problems of facilities
and coaching personnel.
Last year the UBC women's swim team
won the Canadian Intercollegiate Championship. This year they finished second.
Difficulties in scheduling pool times
without an indoor campus pool almost put
an end to UBC's swim team this season but
the women consented to a 6:30-8 a.m.
practice time three days a week as well as
Thursday noon-hour and Saturday and
Sunday morning.
Consequently, seven swimmers and one
diver travelled to Sudbury last weekend to
take part in the Nationals.
Pomfret also says there are too few
faculty coaches.
Of the 17 coaches, six are faculty members, five are community members and six
are students.
While non-faculty coaches provide good
leadership for a pittance honorarium, unfortunately they aren't readily available on
campus and do not always provide continuity from year to year.
No continuity
The Thunderette basketball team is
coached by Ron Thorsen, a student on an
They are out to defend their National title
this weekend in Winnipeg.
Who will step in when Thorsen leaves?
Where is the continuity necessary for the
best development and performance of individuals and their team?
Despite the problems of funding, of
facilities and of faculty coaching, UBC
women's teams have performed well and
have achieved considerable success.
Who can assume the credit? People like
Charles Kerr and Ron Thorsen and faculty
coaches who carry a double load, but above
all, the women themselves.
It's their dedication and hard work that
produces achievements far out of proportion
to what should be expected in view of the
difficulties plaguing the extramural
Page Friday, 8
Friday, March 8, 1974 *
Walking the plank between
student, parental duties
Walking the plank between
motherhood and academia leaves
the mature woman student up in
the air. And if the 'rules' laid down
by society are strictly enforced, a
step in either direction chalks up
another defeat.
Yet there are more and more
women willing to explore a
workable truce between parental
and student obligations. An
estimated 1500 mature women
students are registered in credit
courses at UBC and several
hundred more in daytime
programs and at city colleges. And
they're all here in the interests of
It's not as simple as slinging
your knapsack over your shoulder
with an "I'm off to class" slam of
the kitchen door — financial,
emotional and academic problems
start piling up right along side
dirty dishes and dirty laundry.
Hiding in the library churning out
essays doesn't put meals on the
table or get the ironing done.
Should a woman decide to return
to school, between marriage and
motherhood, shredded loyalties
and battered nerves, it's
something short of a minor miracle
if she emerges with even a year
behind her, let alone a degree.
The traditional notion of a
smoothly run service station home
smothers any self-survival instincts. For her own and her
family's sake, the woman student
who makes compromises is copping out.
Let self down
"First of all you let yourself
down, then your husband and your
children because they think they're
responsible," says Nancy Horseman, assistant dean of women,
who got her MA between supporting a husband through
graduate school and raising five
Juggling schoolwork and
housework is just the beginning for
Carol Buzas. She and 47 other
single parents living on campus in
# Acadia Camp have to worry about
daycare facilities, social life, and
finances to make it all possible.
Gathering statistics about
women students comes by word of
mouth only — and remains an area
of much needed research. Many
women are channelled through the
dean of women's office at one time
or another though, and at the risk
of overgeneralization, usually fit
into one of five categories.
There is no means of ranking
these categories by size, says
Nancy Horseman, but they can be
differentiated according to income
group or availability of financial
The first group includes women
without financial worries, with
children either grown up or away
from home. In the menopausal
time of life, these women often
cautiously venture into non-credit
daytime programs or part time
credit courses. The Womens'
Resource Centre and the Continuing University Education
group on campus are somewhat
representative of these women.
Those that fit into the second
category are the ones who phone
the dean of women's office with one
finger on the receiver, ready to
disconnect when the boss appears
These women feel they have
reached the end of the line^ are
topnotched secretaries or executive assistants  in  business  and
commerce, thirtyish, childless and
usually single.
The single parent student, one
out of every seven families in
Acadia Camp, makes up the third
Financial worries are an intense
problem, child support or alimony
from the estranged husband is the
exception and often unreliable.
Government subsidized
cooperative daycare facilities are
A single-handed effort requires a
great deal of energy, flexibility and
resourcefulness says Buzas.
Cutting corners becomes a way of
life. Loans are the primary source
of income, repayment to be
worried about later.
Acadia Camp
Fortunately, the community in
Acadia Camp provides invaluable
emotional support. And to help
those in the same predicament
living off campus, Buzas recommends that housing convert one
hut into a communal centre to be
used for everything from rap
sessions to sharing meals. The
centre could also be used to
provide urgently needed daycare
facilities for six to 10 year olds.
Horseman says the fourth group
is harder to define because she
herself fell into this category. Both
parents are students, the husband
usually in graduate school. The
family and the marriage are still m
the growing pains stage and money
is a chronic worry. Marital
problems will arise in this situation
without fail and stress levels stay
on a collision course.
Bright yellow
Horseman says her husband is
still working on his thesis, and her
youngest is now four. And that
bright yellow happy face painted
on their front window in Acadia
Camp tells how it all turned out.
The final category may or may
not be a transitional one, often
reserved for the dilettante. The
what can I do at forty syndrome
questions the validity of intellectual goals. "Consciousness-
raising" stops at basket weaving
and PTA meetings.
But if we wanted to point a
women's liberation finger at
something we'd have to round up
both housewives and husbands,
and finally society.
Acomfortable feelins
th the stroke of serous.
The CraViola
1664 W. 4 (near Burrard)     Ph. 736-6541
"I'd like to open the kitchen door
of every home in Vancouver and
tell those housewives to stop their
role playing," says Horseman, in
pied-piper style. "Think what
would happen if 50 per cent of the
women walked out of the house for
a day — the men would be at the
other end with tanks."
Women suffer
Marion Barling, arts 4, mother of
a 15-year-old, says women suffer
from a great feeling of inadequacy.
"Being a real woman" somehow
doesn't include coming back to
school, she said.
Barling says most of these
women may not be able to spell or
do math with what's called
academic aplomb but they don't
realize that "one of the most
valuable commodities of time is
age-old experience."
Yet one of the biggest stumbling
blocks to mature women students
returning to school is the elitist
'ivory tower' image of the
university. Hopefully, especially
after Premier Barrett's statement
two weeks ago, the university will
become more accessible and
Add a little initiative and that's
an open invitation to women.
Thinking Holidays?
Starting to think about planning your vacation?
Where to go, how to get there, where to stay, how to
fit the three or four places you want to visit into a
neat schedule.
You won't have problems with loose ends if you
come in and talk to the people at Burke's World
Wide. ..
"the travel experts"
We can save you time and help you coordinate your
plans, insuring you a worry-free vacation.
Call: 224-4391    5700 University Blvd.
(In The Village)
world wide travel
"the travel experts"
Friday, March 8, 1974
Page Friday, 9 Page.14
Friday, March 8, 1974
Hot flashes
The provincial government's
committee on university governance returns to UBC today to hear
four more briefs on
post-secondary education reform.
Hearings will be heid in the
board and senate room of the old
administration building from 9
a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
The committee, now chaired
by Walter Young of the University
of Victoria, will hear briefs from
UBC and Simon Fraser
University's senates, the Coalition
for University Reform and the
Canadian Association of
University Teachers.
The briefs will be heard at the
following times: UBC senate 9
a.m., SFU senate 11 a.m., CAUT
2 p.m. and CUR 3:30 p.m.
The committee will
recommend changes in the
Universities Act to education
minister Eileen Dailly in April
with amendments to the act likely
coming in the fall session of the
Today is the deadline for
students applying for Canada
Student Loans to complete this
year's ' studies not for 1974-75
loans as The Ubyssey reported
Students   needing   money   for
remaining months at school this
year must apply by today but
forms for next year's loans won't
be ready until April.
Applications for B.C.
government scholarships is March
A celebration of international
women's day will be held at 8
p.m. Saturday 1208 Granville.
Featured is a play. The Independent Female or A Man Has
His Pride, plus music, dancing
and refreshments.
Admission is a $1.50 for
workers and $1 for students and
For further information
phone 688-5924.
Steaks - Pizza - Spaghetti - Lasagna - Ravioli - Rigatoni - Chicken
Mon. - Thurs.
4:00 p.m. - 3:00 a.m,
Fri. - Sat.
4:00 p.m. • 4:00 a.m
4:00 p.m. -1:00 a.m
Mon. - Thurs.
11:00 a.m. - 3:00 a.m.
Fri. - Sat.
11:00 a.m. -4:00 a.m.
11:00 a.m.-1:00 a.m.
1359 Robson
or 738-1113
3618 W. Broadway
Dining Lounge - Full Facilities - Take Out or Home Delivery
'Tween classes
Meeting, noon Buchanan towers
seventh floor lounge.
Class struggle in Argentina; Alberto
Cjria from Simon Fraser University
and John Steele from League for
Socialist Action, 8 p.m., 1208 Granville.
Musical extravaganza marking end
of music week, noon, SUB theatre.
AGAPE life meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
SUB 215.
Discussion on the Canadian bill of
rights with UBC history prof Murray Greenwood, 7:30 p.m., SUB
Homecoming dance, 7 p.m., Cecil
Green Park.
Car rally, 9 a.m., Q.E. top parking
lot near conservatory.
International women's day party
and play, The Independent Female,
8 p.m., 1208 Granville.
First class in a five-part series on
basics of Marxism will look at classes and classes struggle, 7:30 p.m.,
1208 Granville.
Conrad    Harward   on    Issues   with
answers, noon, Angus 404.
Michael Riffaterre of Columbia University will give a lecture in French
on Du genre au texte: Methods de la
critique   actuelle,  noon,  Buchanan.
Michael    Riffaterre    continues    his
"SOB        i
..-.~«tionsto" .j
Corporation of Delta
Interested applicants should forward their resume
to the Delta Municipal Hall, 4450 - 57th Street,
Delta, B.C. V4K 3E2 - Attention the Recreation
visiting lectures at UBC with one In
English on structural analysis in
literature: the referential fallacy,
noon, Buchanan 106.
Dr. Horst Martin gives talk and slide
show on East Germany, noon, IH
Malcolm Muggeridge speaks on social perspectives, noon, SUB ballroom.
The International Congress of Mathematicians in
Vancouver at UBC during August 19 - 29" requires the
services of
to provide information and assistance to the participants. Language fluency, initiative and personality
are important. Application forms may be obtained
from the I CM office in Room 222C, Mathematics
Building. The completed forms should be returned by
March 15th, although a few late applications may be
considered. The rate of pay will be $3.00-4.00 an
hour depending on qualifications.
RATES: Campus - 3 linas, 1 day $1.00; additional lines, 25c;
Commarcial - 3 lines. 1 day Si.50; additional linn 36c;
additional days $1.25 & 30c
Classified ads are not accepted bv telephone aid are payable w
adivnce. Deadline u 1 I.JO a m.. the day bejort puhliutmn
Publication) Offict. Room 241 S I'll   UB<, Van H. B C
5 — Coming Events
COKE, ENJOT an informal Bible
study. Refreshments. Thursday,
7:30.   4659  W.   4th.   224-4090.
TOKOBBOW: C.V.C. Alumni presents a Homecoming Dance,
March 9, 7-11:30, at Cecil Green
10—For Sole — Commercial
Electronic Dark-room Timer
Now In Stock
Also, the complete line of
the ILm* ano Shutter
3010   W.   Broadway 736-7833
Hand-embroidered Pure Cotton
Garments frorm several countries. A good stock of natural
fabric garments at
Central Africa Imports Ltd.
2264 West 4th       Phone 738-7044
DECORATE with prints & posters
from The Grin Bin. 3209 W.
Broadway (Opp. Liquor Store A
SCIENTIFIC CAI.CTJT.ATORS. Unicom 202SR, 30 functions. $199.95;
Texas Instruments SR-10 $104.95,
SR-11   $129.95.   325-4161   eves.
11 — For Sale — Private
•63 A_bPXNH H.I. City tested. New
tires, good condition. Ph. 274-
7920 after  9 p.m.
VW 1963 STDAN, rebuilt motor,
excell.  cond.   $450.00.   228-0576.
blowups   11'   x   14",   $2.50.   Phone
Doug   261-5262,   Sandy   926-5154.
MUST SEW — Honda 50 Step-
through, perfect condition in
both mechanical and body. 277-
1583. °
15 — Found
20 — Housing
25 — Instruction
POT at the Potter's Centre! Instruction at all levels in wheel
work, glazing, etc. Spring session
starting soon. For reservation0
and info. Phone G. Alfred. 261-
30 - Jobs
Student-Teacher Interviews
in Vancouver
March 37 at  King George
Secondary School
March 38 and 39 at Doric-Howe
For   applications   and   information,   write:
District Superintendent  of
892   Harmston   Avenue.
Courtenay,  B.C.
or   phone   B.C.   School   Trustees
Association office in Vancouver,
writing, graphics, photography,
research? Sporadic assignments
for those qualified. This year,
next. Get on the list. Phone 228-
3774  or  inquire  FWT  113.
35 - Lost
LOST — Dark green jacket. Wed.
9 a.m., bsmt. Main Library. Return   SUB  Lost  and   Found.
40 — Messages
SEX WHISTLES. Rent condominium opposite lifts. Day/week.
limited budget? Then attend a
special travel evening sponsored
by the Canadian Youth Hostels
Association to be held at the
Vancouver Youth Hostel at the
foot of Discovery Street on Wednesday, March 27th at 8 p.m.
Advice will be given on all aspects of low budget travel and
free check lists _jvi.Il be available
to all potential travellers. Those
requiring more details of the
meeting or its location should
phone   738-3128.
OATS, HI'S: Meet others like you.
same sex! SHERWOOD FORF.8T
has been going strong for five
months and has over 200 people
— all ages; lots of teens, twenties. YOU CHOSE YOURSELF.
All the info, you need to know
about the people. As discreet as
you wish. Just phone Maid
Marian or Robin Hood for more
information. This is an ultra-
friendly helnful way for you to
brighten those drab school davs
(or nieht"'). Be brqve and let the
good times roll. Phone now: 685-
50 — Rentals
NEED RIDE to New Westr. or
Burnaby, 5 p.m. ...preferably staff.
Call Melinda, 228-2686 or Rena.
70 — Services
STUDENT INCOME TAX SERVICE. $3.50 basic. Call 228-1183
11 a.m. to 5 p.m. 2158 Western
Parkway   (above   Mao's   M'"<..
80 — Tutoring
Speakeasy SUB Anytime!
228-6792 - 12:30-2:30
For Students and Tutors
Register Now) 12:30-2:30
85 — Typing
41st   &   Marine   Drive.   266-5053.
YOU NAME IT, I type it. Rates
reasonable. Call Mrs. Heald,
6S5-7495,   West   End.
EFFICIENT Electric Typing. My
home. Essays, Thesis, etc. Neat
accurate work. Reasonable rates.
90 - Wanted
$50 CASH for original negative,
horse in specific composition.
Phone 228-3774 or in.iuire FWT
2 TICKETS to Maria Muldaur.  Ph.    »
Lindsay,   684-5425   days:   731-2891
eves.   WH!   pay!
99 — Miscellaneous
ooooooooooooooooooooooo Friday, March 8, 1974
Page  15
Focal point of UBC
season arrives
The coming weekend stands as a
focal point of the season for
Lower Mainland Volleyball
players and fans alike.
Today and Saturday, UBC hosts
the Canadian championships in the
War Memorial gymnasium.
The five teams competing are all
winners in their respective
divisions this year.
Entered are the University of
New Brunswick, which won the
Atlantic conference; the
Universite de Sherbrooke, Quebec
champions; Western Ontario,
champions in that province;
University of Winnipeg, Great
Plains titlists; and the Thunderbirds, who won the Canada
West championships.
The 13-game tournament starts
at 10:30 a.m. today, as
Winnipeg plays Western Ontario
and Sherbrooke takes on UBC in
different halves of the gym.
The 1:30 p.m. game sees New
Brunswick play Sherbrooke while
UBC plays Winnipeg, and at 3:30
p.m., Sherbrooke plays Winnipeg
while Western Ontario plays New
Saturday, the tournament
continues at 10:30 a.m. with
Western Ontario and the Thunderbirds, and New Brunswick and
Winnipeg squaring off against each
other. According to women's
athletic director Marilyn Pomfret
the UBC-Western Ontario game is
a must for the home town.
A pair of games at noon sees
UBC take on New Brunswick and
Sherbrooke plays Western Ontario.
At 3 p.m. the serious business
begins — the playoffs. Of the five
teams in the tournament, one will
be eliminated by having the worst
record in their four games.
The fourth place team then plays
the first place team to determine
one finalist, while second and third
place teams battle for the other
spot in the final which takes place
at 8:30 p.m.
Western Ontario and UBC will be
the teams to beat, while a possible
dark horse candidate is the
University of Winnipeg. Winnipeg
had to beat perennial powerhouse
University of Manitoba to qualify.
Western Ontario placed four
players on the Canadian national
team while the Thunderbirds have
only one, Betty Baxter. But the
four Ontarians are all on the
second team while Bakter is on the
first team. It looks to be a battle of
star versus depth.
The Canadian national team also
sees action this weekend at the
War Memorial gym. They play
club teams from Korea and Japan
in a tournament sponsored by the
Vancouver Chimos volleyball
Both Asian teams are only club
teams, but both have as members
several national team players.
Korea is currently ranked third in
the world while Japan is ranked
second behind the Soviet Union.
Sports flashes
The men's intramural track
meet will be held on March 10. All
events will be held at John Owen
Pavilion track beginning at 10:30
a.m. Athletes may enter as many
events as they like. No spikes will
be allowed in any events.
The final in super-league hockey
will be tonight at 8 p.m. The
engineers will be taking on commerce which should prove to be the
best game of the year.
An upcoming event is the river
run on March 10.
The woman's squash team
tournament begins Monday. There
is still time to sign up today. See
Heather Mitton in the women's
intramural office, War Memorial
Women's intramural bowling is
Wednesday from 7-9. Any women
on campus can participate by
showing up.
UBC defeated York University to
capture the men's National
Gymnastics Team Championship.
The women's team placed
second in the competition.
Maurice Williams won the still
ring competition with a score of 9.4
and had a seventh over-all standing.
Bill Mackie placed third on the
floor exercise, second on the
pommel horse, second on rings,
third on vaulting, second on high
bar and second over-all.
Gord Mackie placed second on
the parallel bars and fourth overall.
Wally Borchardt placed 10th
over-all and fifth on the rings.
Janet Terry placed third on the
uneven bars and fourth over-all.
Kari Michelitsch placed eighth
on the uneven bars.
—don peterson photo
MITCHELL'S HEROES, white-suited Fort Camp team trounced
hapless physical education squad in this intramurals basketball
championship game, noon Thursday in War Memorial gym. John
Mitchell, Alma Mater Society internal affairs officer, held ticket on
Fort Camp team and when they cleaned up, so did she - to the tune
of 200 pit tokens, the grand prize.
Basketball pf\rt lA/fllS   hoOTG
Thewomen'ssenior R haskPthaii    ■    \lw m   ff       W w m I f «_i_r     *v We* w
The women's senior B basketball
team was ripped off.
After six consecutive wins and a
good prospect to reach the finals,
their last game of the season fell on
mid-term break. The team
believing the date could be moved
up a couple of days, cancelled their
game. However, their opponents
were not able to play and the
senior B's lost their chance by
The Thunderbird soccer team
has moved into a second place tie
with the New Westminster Blues.
Saturday they defeated North
Shore 2-1 and now trail first place
Vancouver Italia by seven points.
The Birds will host Olympic
Columbians in a B.C. Soccer
League First Division game
Saturday in Thunderbird stadium
at 2 p.m. The league has grown
very tight with only two points
separating second and seventh
place positions in the standings.
In other action last week
Olympic Columbians trounced
Greek Olympics 6-2.
Joan Mitchell scored with some help from Brian Gibbons and Brian
Brook Thursday.
Mitchell, internal affairs officer elect, won 200 pit tokens in a lottery
tied to the second invitational basketball tournament held by intramurals.
Brooks set up Gibbons to score in the last second of the third quarter
as Fort Camp, Mitchell's team, beat physical education 42-38. Intramurals director George Mapson said the play was the turning point
in the game.
Fort Camp won all four of their games.
They beat Vancouver Christian Fellowship 67-29, Forestry 39-32 and
Medicine 34-30.
High scorer for Fort Camp was Brian Gibbons with 12 points. His
number on the other side was Rod Livingston who collected 12 for PE.
The tournament showed the competitive side of the intramural
program as the two finalists took most of the week off school to play said
"It gets bigger every year," he said.
When asked for a silly comment he smiled and said: "Give us five
years and it will be held in the coliseum.''
Women get
in act with
Big Block
On March 25, the women's Big
Block Club gets in the act.
Tickets are$6.50 for students and
$7.50 for alumni. The dinner is
being held at the Faculty club.
The big blocks are given to
outstanding members of in- •
tercollegiate teams. Small blocks
^ are given to outstanding members
of other level teams. Freshmen to
for the sport are eligible, unlike
men's awards.
Also given will be the Outstanding Athlete Award and the
Barbara Schodt Trophy for service
and participation.
Gary Sinclair, late of Montreal
and McGill, will be giving a talk at
the dinner.
Tickets are available from room
208 in the War Memorial gym
"Social Perspectives"
concerning abortion and other social issues
TUESDAY, MARCH 12   12:30 P.M.
Reasonable Prices
Fully Guaranteed
891+0* St.
at S.W. Marina Or.
I Quality Workmanship
& Sexuality
Seminar    for
you    think    of
10:00 Worship
2:30    Marriage
7:30    What   do
Doug Anderson, marriage counsellor and professor of Psychology
will speak at these events.
Women's Intramural
• Director
• Activities Supervisor
• Referee-in-chief
• Publicity
• Minor Activity Supervisor
Apply to:
Mr. Nesler Korchinsky
Room 208, War Memorial Gym
Phone: 228-5326 Page- 16
Friday, March 8, 1974
Page Friday
Butch 9 er Sting
as Newman deals hit
Paul Newman and Robert
Redford making another movie
together is understandably a box
office manager's dream. Butch
Cassidy and the Sundance Kid the
1970 picaresque western that
showed elements of fantasy
provided an entertaining, stylized
vehicle palatable to the masses
and inoffensive to the aesthetes.
Having played at the Denman
Place theatre since Christmas The
Sting has once again proven that if
you nail something popular onto
something else that is popular, you
have a hit.
Following up the current love for
period films — more specifically
'20s, '30s and '40s Americana —
George Roy Hill poured the Butch
Cassidy — Sundance Kid team into
a lively, pleasing script and
surrounded them with a competent
supporting cast.
The Sting's plot is relatively
simple: up-and-coming con artist
Johnny Hooker (Robert Redford)
contrives with the help of inveterate flim flam man Henry
Gondorff (Paul Newman) to
avenge the murder of a mutual
friend by cheating the ass off
gambler Doyle Lonnegan (Robert
However, their own plot to cheat
Lonnegan is the most beautifully
constructed, intricate plan filmed
since Topkapi. Hiring a stable of
the best con men in the trade,
Hooker and Gondorff build a fake
bookie palace out of an empty
warehouse, lure their victim
through his own greed into betting
on horses he thinks will break
them, then wait for his final, big
Illustrated step by step with
Saturday Evening Post graphics,
the picture instills in your mind the
knowledge that good guys Hooker
and Gondorff will win. It is The
Great American Mythology confined to the seedy back alleys of
Jelico, Illinois. You know they are
morally justified in doing this
because they are nice guys, they
play by the rules and after all, you
can't cheat an honest man.
The humor in the film lies in this
old adage. It is Lonnegan's pig-
eyed, seething greed that brings
his downfall and our heroes' subtle
exploitation of this greed that
causes them to win.
Hill tries to dislodge the
audience's determination that
there will be a happy ending, with a
surprise climax. But after the
climax does come,  it only  rein-
Docs, cops gone
but more to come
Among other things, six superb
Frederick Wiseman documentaries are circulating about UBC
for one showing each. Two of them,
Hospital and Law and Order have
already gone.
It may seem futile to review
films no one will ever see again but
Wiseman's work deserves mention.
Law and Order follows life and
the Kansas City police. Drunks,
moronic brutal cops, whores,
decent cops, abandoned babies, all
shot on the scene to provide an
accurate picture of big city police
and crime. So accurate, in fact,
that Law and Order won an award
for the best news documentary of
1969. Wiseman makes Adam-12 and
other police shows look like the
farces they are.
Since Watergate, a film clip of
President Richard Nixon on the
campaign trail screaming wildly
about America's high rate of
crime, has added an unforeseen
touch of irony to Law and Order.
Accuracy has always been
Wiseman's trademark. As a law
professor at Boston University his
first film, Titticot Follies, exposed
horrible conditions in a
Massachusetts mental institution.
It has since been banned.
Other Wiseman films: Basic
Training, Juvenile Court, High
School and Essene (religion) will
be shown at various campus
locations in upcoming Thursday
noon hours.
Two sites for film showings have
been inspired choices. Hospital
was shown in the Woodward
Biomedical Library and next
Thursday, Wiseman's masterpiece, High School, will be shown in
the education building. There's no
way I'm going to miss it. The
complementary ticket I received is
the first benefit writing for The
Ubyssey has brought.
forces their conviction that the
forces of good always triumph.
The Newman-Redford team is
superb. Shaw is convincingly
avaricious and laconic as Lonnegan and Ray Walston is exceptional as one of the con men.
Good stuff.
Thanks to the CRTC rulings
about Canadian content on the
airwaves, there are many more
recordings by Canadians out
nowadays. As a matter of fact, a
record like Close to Home could
only be released because of
something like Canadian content
The name of the group is
Alabama. If you think it strange
that a Canadian group is named
after an American state (or a Neil
Young song) keep in mind that the
group America is British and
Canada     Dry     is     American.
What really brings this record
down is the fact that the band plays
with no energy. The few up-tempo
songs on the record are so strained
that they end up being the worst
cuts instead of the best. On the rest
of the album the band sounds like
they're an animal tranquilizers.
Alabama is just another dime-a-
dozen neighborhood band that's
probably pretty good at high school
dances. But in a really competitive
music market, which Canada isn't,
they would never get a recording
contract on the strength of the
material in Close to Home.
Besides, don't those unpatriotic
bastards know that there's a vinyl
and Ivan
at SUB cine
This week, with remarkable timing, Filmsoc is bringing the
powerful Casper Wrede screenplay adapted from Alexander
Solzhenitsyn's novel to SUB Cine.
It is Sven Mykuist's coldly poetic photography that zooms in on the
labor camp at night from a helicopter as the film opens. As the fast film
stock slowly picks out the lighted wire 'island' from the amorphous
black mass of nothing that seems to surround it, we have the feeling of
plunging into the pathos of just one of Denisovitch's daily
The entire film is in effect the dreary diary of the main character, who
for all intents and purposes is Solzhenitsyn himself.
Tom Courtenay's staggering, effective performance as the Ivan in
question always leaves us subjectively looking through the wide angle
lens from his view of the cold white hell around him.
It is Solzhenitsyn who has been unjustly accused during the war and
shipped east on a cattle car, it is he who is kicked out of bed and force-
marched to the work areas by the submachinegun-toting 'citizen
guards', and it is he who suffers ice, ache and frostbite, building a
derelict powerhouse in 30 degrees below. It is he who has been forced to
eat puke-yellow grass mash from pails.
It is a chillingly well done picture of injustice, pity, pathos and terror
under a Gulag camp administration. Wrede's finely photographed film
catches Solzhenitsyn's fine gradations of character, the burning
animosity, the cold contempt for the 'proletariat dictatorship', the ice
cold cough of vast Siberia numbing condemned men's lungs and limbs
but not the fire in their hearts and minds.
In fact, it is the human spirit's petite victories over oppression that
come to the fore — the smuggling of a tiny piece of metal that makes
Ivan's day complete, an act of cold human courage.
Thus the pure narrative power in the grim celluloid re-enactment of
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovitch is a treat in itself — it is a film
that simply sinks its hooks into you and drags you along with it.
2158-Western Parkway
(above Mac's Milk) ph. 228-1183
Planning An Event?
Remember S.F.U.!
Simon Fraser University operates on a tri-semester schedule,
and this summer there will be approximately 3000 students
enrolled at S.F.U. as well as 1000 faculty and staff. The best way
to reach these people is to advertise in the peak, S.F.U.'s weekly
student newspaper.
Published Wednesday afternoons, the peak will appear four
more times this semester (on Mar. 13, 20, 27 and Apr. 3) and will
resume publication for the summer semester on May 8.
The retail advertising rate is $2.25 per column inch, and
there are quantity discounts. If you take more than 100 column
inches in one semester, the rate is $2 per column inch. For over
200 it is $1.80. A full page costs $130 and $68 for a half page.
The ad deadline is 5 p.m. Mondays.
For more information contact Denis Darrell, Advertising
Manager, Peak Publications Society, Room T.C. 215, S.F.U.
Phone: 291-3598 or 291-4354.
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"'Design and Word Trade Marks in Canada of the
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