UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 3, 1998

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JVIen's V-Ball team beats
.national no. 1 team
ut it.. UBC research
inks or swims and;
e controversy continues
Vancouver Opera
whips up ajscreaming hit
Tailing the dragon, since 1918
www. ubyssey. be. ca
Professor faces
ethics hearing
by Sarah Galashan
a-\n associate professor of ophthalmology's professional life is in
limbo until a university investigation into allegations about bis
research practices comes to a head
this week at a long-overdue comroit-.
tee review. •   , -
The investigation of Chris   ***
Shaw is based on allegations   - •
made by David Quastel, a pror *
fessor of pharmacology.'and
therapeutics. Quastel alleged   •
in September 1994 that Shaw
permitted one of his thesis students to use unethical research* f Ml»5
Quastel chaired a thesis
review of Ruth Lanius, a graduate student in a combined
neuro-science and medical,
degree, who at the time.was"
under Shaw's instruction.
Lanius' thesis involved fhe   •
study   of   neurotransmitter
receptors in fhe brain and how ."*'.-'
different   chemicals   create
changes   in  brain   activity.
Portions ofthe experiment entailed'"
exciting the brain cells via a chemical called veratridine and then measuring the activity.
With some revisions her thesis
was accepted and she graduated,
but Quastel continued to allege that
The normally speedy review
process can- either, eradicate
rinriours or end a career, but Shaw
says it has only taken up his time
and money. ■■■",'■'
• "In the end I'm going to send the
bill to the university," said Shaw,
referring to.his, legal costs of $250
"The idea of an
DimTOlSipfeni] is to
empower people
who know :mm
out'the matter to
have a look at it
see whaf s happened
c.if;;u^ and make, a
>      —Dennis Pavlich
vice president academic
and legal affairs
per hour throughout the investigation. He estimates his total costs will
run at $4000. ,- .       •
Investigations of academic
integrity at UBC are supposed to be
conducted within 60 days as outlined by UBC's scholarly integrity
Shaw's methods of measuring the. ''policy #85 in fhe   University PoUcy
activity were scientifically incompetent
Quastel retracted his allegations
and made an apology after Shaw
sued for libel.
"Upon reflection Dr Quastel
wishes to apologise for the tone and
tenure of these comments concerning Dr Shaw and firrther apologises
for and regrets any pain, anxiety or
stress these comments may have
caused to Dr Shaw," read portions of
the apology. .. -■ ,.,.
But that was not enough to stop
the university investigation and,
according to Shaw, the damage has
been done.
'Megations of fraudulent behaviour can carry a lot of weight' said
Shaw, who said news ofthe investigation could hurt his career.
The last thing [anyone] wants is
to be associated with somettiing
iffy. .. -1 ---  .
And in light of the settlement
Shaw wants the university to end
fhe investigation "Are they investigating other allegations' or; is this
just a committee out of control?" he
Handbook 96-97. But this is a special case, says Dennis Pavlich, associate vice president academic and
legal affairs.
"[The academic issue involved] is
highly scientific, highly technical It
took some tune before we got a list
of investigators'Shaw would agree
to." That said Pavlich, along with
waiting for a resolution to the civil
suit, has delayed the review process
considerably. '.'•'■■
The committee will. consist of
experts Mthony Phillips, UBC head
" of Psychology, Harry Joe, UBC head
of. Statistics and Michel Bouvier,
from the University of Montreal'
Pavlich adds that retracting the
investigation would damage the
integrity of all internal UBC investigations. "These people were originally set up to make that decision I
don't think [calling off fhe investigation] is incumbent on me or anyone
"else.."' •_' • ■ .'-:•■■'".■ '"• '• f •".-,■'•*
"The idea of an investigation is to
empower people who know some^
thing about the matter to have a look
at it see what s happened and make
a recommendahon"-*
DANCING in THE STREET Lion dancing in Vancouver's Chinatown celebrating the Year of the "figer. paul kamon photo
FrtzPatrick pleads pfty m CASA fraud case
 by David Cochrane
Ottawa Bureau
j   director of the Canadian Alliance
i   of Student Associations (CASA) has
admitted to embezzling funds
i   from the organisation and could
face up to two years in jail.
: Patrick FitzPatrick entered a
I guilty plea to charges of fraud
i under $5,000 in a Fredericton
courtroom January 27, bringing to
an end a year-long investigation
into the alliance's finances.
"Students from across the country are just dapping," said Hoops
Harrison, the current director of
the alliance.
The fraud charges stemmed
from a two-month period in the
fall of 1995 when FitzPatrick was
serving as CaASA's interim director CASA said FitzPatrick used his
position  as   coordinator  of a
national conference on .higher
education to^accesSd-anoT "
■i  *      iSStiiT-'
.-at.. a.r7J...aV
The conference, which was
eventually cancelled, ran up nearly
$30,000 in unaccounted expenses. When suspicious bills began to
appear, like one for $ 10,000 worth
of letterhead, the organisation
began an internal investigation.
FitzPatrick was initially
charged by New Brunswick police
with fraud over $5,000, which
carried a sentence of up to. 10
years in jail plus possible fines.
The lesser charge of fraud under
$5,000, to which FitzPatrick eventually pleaded guilty, carries a
sentence of up to two years in jail
plus any fines the judge chooses
to impose.
Some reports placed the
amount of misused money to be as
much as $40,000.
The guilty plea does not mean
FitzPatrick's legal troubles ^re
over It only applies,^,, charges
stemmmgt-^m hjs^acslipjS'wMe
in New]
is considering a separate legal
complaint in Ontario. While serving as the alliance's interim director, FitzPatrick also had access to a
CASA-funded credit card. Charges
to the credit card during that period include bills for pizza, a stay at
the Chateau Laurier in Ottawa, and
a $ 169 shopping spree at The Gap.
FitzPatrick and his lawyer could
not be reached for comment
He will be back in court April
28 for sentencing.
CASA was just a few months old
and held a total annual budget of
$128,000 when the money went
missing The scandal gave a black
eye to the fledgling student group
and almost crippled the organisar
tion financially. Several student
councils, induding the UBC .Alma
Mater Sodety, reeOnsidered their
CASA membership when news of
FitzPatrick's financial liberties
CASA represents 13 student
.unions^ia^m^i-ejja^i .-2O@«0@O
j,. •*•* ■**. t >~
- i
1';■"'*"<■ '%.' <& THE
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{Beytnirownbossll Work flexible hours,
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Rooms are available in the UBC single
student residences for qualified women
and men applicants. Single and shared
rooms in both "room only" and "room
and board" residences are available.
Vacancies can be rented for immediate
occupancy  in  the  Walter  H.   Gage,
Fairview Crescent Totem Park, Place
j Vanier, and Ristumeikan-UBC House
| Residences (Availability is limited to
some residence areas and room types).
Applicants who take occupancy of a res
j idence room are entitled to reapplica-
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I "guaranteed" housing assignment for
| the 1998/99 Winter Session. Please con-
s tact the UBC Housing Office in Brock
{ Hall for information on rates, availabili-
| ty and conditions of application.   The
| Housing Office is open from 8:30 am to
| 4:00 pm weekdays, or call 822-2811
I during office hours.
Grappling with Eagleson connection
TORONTO (CUP)-The fallout of hockey czar Alan
Eagleson's tumble from grace has hit two Toronto
The R. Alan Eagleson Scholarship, offered to 16
first year University of Toronto (U of T) law students since 1989, has been generating controversy since Eagleson was sentenced to an 18
month prison sentence for defrauding the
National Hockey League Players Association.
Ron Daniels, the dean of U of Ts law school,
is initiating a process of consultation mvolving
faculty, financial aid officers, donors and recipients to come up with a
way to deal with the situation.
"There is a broad
range of remedies available,' he said. "One is the
renaming of the scholarship."
The University of Toronto is taking the
Eagleson scholarship
question in stride.
'I don't see a public
relations problem," said Sue
Bloch-Nevitte, director of U of
T public affairs. "These things
happen. I was a little surprised
that this had never [happened]
There   are   also   calls   to
rename the Alan Eagleson Sports Injury Clinic,
located on York University's campus. The clinic
is run by the city of Toronto.
John Howard, director of operations for
Toronto, says the city would have to consider
the legal ramifications before changing the
name of the clinic.
He adds that a name change would involve
major renovations to the building it is in. It
would also have to take into consideration the
$90,000 Zeagleson donated to the clinic out of
his own pocket.
"Despite Mr. Eagleson's recent problems
he's actually the person who came up with the
money to create the centre," Howard said.
—Source: The Varsity
Prof appeals harassment charge
ST. JOHN'S (CUP)-A Memorial University professor has been suspended for one month without
pay after a university investigation found that he
harassed and slandered one of his students.
A formal complaint was filed against Rahman
in August 1996 by Rokonuzzaman, an engineering graduate student Rokonuzzaman, or
Rokon as he is known, accused Rahman of
"exploiting his academic, personal and professional life" since 1995 while serving as the student's graduate advisor.
Shortly after Rokon, an exchange student from Bangladesh, submitted his master's thesis in the spring of 1995, he says
Rahman asked him to paint his house.
Rokon also accused Rahman of arbitrarily
changing the thesis topic he had prepared
for his PhD program, as well as providing
inaccurate and defamatory information in
progress reports to the development
agency that oversaw his exchange.
Rokon also says Rahman gave false
information to local police when Rokon
was being investigated for allegations of
spousal abuse during 1996 and 1997.
Rokon was later acquitted of all charges.
Rokon's initial request for a full investigation of
his complaint was initially denied by Greg Kealey,
the dean of graduate studies.
Not satisfied with Kealey's response, Rokon
wrote to Jaap Tuinman, Memorial's vice-president
academic, and asked him to pursue the matter.
Tuinman initiated an independent investigation,
and in November wrote to Rokon to tell him
Rahman had been suspended for mistreating the
Rahman is refusing to comment on the allega
tions until after the matter goes to arbitration. He
is, however, niaintaining his innocence.
Rokon says the professor got off easy and adds
that if Rahman doesn't receive a harsher punishment he may take the issue to court The grad student says he is also ronsidering a civil case against
Rahman to get compensation for the damage he
says has been done to his reputation.
Rahman has challenged the suspension. The
case will go to two separate arbitration hearings,
the first of which will be held later this month.
—Source: The Muse
Alternative budget challenges tuition hikes
MONTREAL (CUP)-A broad coalition of students,
faculty and non-academic staff are devising an
alternative budget to challenge the administra
tion's assumption that tuition fees need to be
Over the past five years provincial grants, which
make up roughly 80 percent of McGill's budget
have eroded by 20 per cent and are expected to
shrink even further. The university currently has
an accumulated operating deficit of over $60-mil-
lion. Tuition fees are currently frozen in Quebec.
Instead of focusing on the university as the target of cuts, the alternative budget points to McGill's
existing assets to generate revenue.
A major proposal involves funneling the interest realized on McGill's $500-million endowment
fund investments into university operations. Last
year, $1.9-milHon of this interest went towards
reducing the university's debt
The architects of the alternative budget argue
that this interest income is misdirected, and
should instead offset rising tuition and supplement
operation costs and wages for non-academic staff.
Other proposals in the budget include selling off
some of the university's undisclosed investment
properties and elirninating "double-dipping"—
where professors over the age of 69 receive both a
salary and a full pension.
-Source: Tbe McGill Daffy
;■*•*"f ■*$
' w *.*$?,:
student  input  makes  it  happen
?24 *-
On February 6,9 and 10th there will be a referendum
asking you whether or not you would like the Thunderbird
Shop to continue with its business operation.  Please be informed. These are some important facts you should consider
before you vote.
«rfa*d&»jfe*J> &i-'£f-<*-
By voting MO, we'll get:
a retail store owned and operated
byUBC students not a private
100% of profits returned directly
to students for services like CiTR,
Joblink,   Safewalk &? Speakeasy
more jobs for UBC students
'Geers say they'll grow up
by Jo-Ann Chiu
After decades of beer songs, mid-winter tankings and tattered red sweaters, UBC's engineers are trying to grow
Johan Thornton, president of the Engineering
Undergraduate Society (EUS), explains it was a trip to
Edmonton for a national engineering conference several weeks ago that sparked the society's quest for reform.
"We saw the success that other Engineering societies
were having in reaching more students," says Thornton,
who attended the conference with five other EUS reps.
According to Thornton, they found that while UBC's
engineers are nationally unsurpassed for their spirit,
resources, and traditions—which date back mo:-e than
80 years to the EUS' beginning in 1915—the Engineers
had cultivated such a notorious image that students new
to the faculty were turned off by the antics and avoided
their more enthusiastic colleagues.
"It is just amazing what we have," adds Thornton.
"But we are not using those resources to their full potential."
According to Thornton, one resource unique to UBC
and no other engineering society in Canada is the
Cheeze Factory, the EUS' hangout. The one-storey white
heritage building, accented with cheerful crimson window sills and matching curtains, is fully equipped with
such amenities as a custom billiard table lined in scarlet
But despite the riches, the Engineers' image as "a
bunch of drunks" has stood in the way of even better possibilities, Thornton says. The infamous Lady Godiva ride
and raffle are long gone but some of the surviving antics include exam chicken, in which
a flat of beer is brought to an exam and tlie
last person to start writing wins. Or
Centurion: 100 shots of beer in 100 minutes.
Thornton points out that the Engineers'
propensity for bacchanalian pursuits was
established by the EUS of the 1970s, and the
society was still trying to run on those same
principles in the 1990's.
So as of January 15, the society implemented weekly drop-in meetings for Engineering
students to voice their impressions ofthe EUS
and their suggestions on how to include more
students in the society's activities.
With the feedback, the Engineers have
already been at work turning a new leaf, beginning with a proactive approach toward intoxication. No more free beer at Tuesday society
meetings, which induced what one first year
student described as "barbaric" behaviour. No
more Marathon Dunking during Frosh Week,
like that of earlier this year, when 32 people
were tossed into a pond in a single day during a week of
150 dunkings.
"And during the first week of school," the same freshman points out, "You won't get dunked if you don't want
to, but most people don't, know that." The numbers of
dunkies alone are enough to scare even the most interested of first year students from ever returning to the
In turn, there will be more focus on academic achieve-
Lady Gadiva takes a ride on a 'Geer parade, photo courtesy the ams
ments and community service, as well as creating more
non alcoholic events. The goal is to make Engineering students proud to wear the red again.
"There is so much history we can build on," says
Thornton. "We want to get more students involved with
EU events again."
The meetings temporarily stopped for Engineering
week, but will resume February 12 at 4:30 in CEME 2202
and continue through the semester.♦
Faculty club could swallow $1.66mil ghost
 by Chris Nuttall-Smith
For all the parquet flooring, the teardrop
ceiling lamps and the Monkees-era refinements, UBC's once proud Faculty Club
seems a great place for work-weary academics to loosen their shoelaces and live a little.
If a draft proposal before the university
Board of Governors (BoG) passes this March
the low-slung building by the Rose Garden
might reopen this fall-four years after it
went $1.66 milhon into debt and belly up.
The club was one of the only things holding together a community of academics, university staff and administrators, says Chuck
Slonecker, director of university relations
and head of the committee that's pushing to
reopen the club. But the club was also a
perennial money-loser subsidised by the
Slonecker points to a dark recess under a
stairwell in the club, explaining that UBC
biochemistry professor and Nobel Prize winner Michael Smith spent every Friday afternoon for years sitting there with his colleagues. "I would bet that a lot of his Nobel
work was done right here," Slonecker says.
He adds that the university has lost its
sense of community without the Faculty
"Most people do their e-mail at lunch
time and eat out of a brown bag," he says.
That or they spend their money at the privately-owned and out of the way University
Golf Club.
Tbe committee's proposal hinges on a
phas ed-in reopening, with the first phase seeing limited restaurant and bar hours during
the week on the main floor. The third floor
could be rented to academic groups,
and UBC Housing and Conferences
would reopen the twelve residence-
style rooms to visiting professors or
graduate students.
The plan also depends on frequent catering contracts and special
luncheons in the club.
The proposal would split most of
the building's start-up costs
between UBC Food Services, which
would restock the dining room and
lounge and install some kitchen
equipment; Housing        and
Conferences, which would re-outfit
the residence rooms; and university
minor capital and disability access
revenue for bringing the building
up to safety and access codes.
But the proposal also rests on some key
assiimptions—most significantiy, that the
UBC! community is going to flock back to the
Faculty Club.
The way Slonecker explains it, there are
some 1,150 university employees within a
ten minute walk of the club. The proposal
assumes that each of those employees would
ring up a $9 bill at the club twice a month,
eight months a year.
Food Services would have the option of
pulling out of the club if it started losing
But right now the biggest detail is what to
THE FORMER faculty club sits empty, but may soon
become a gathering place, ubc archives photo
do with the $1.66 million the Faculty Club
owes UBC. The Gathering Place Committee's
current proposal would see that debt paid
over 20 years from club revenues, but at a
BoG meeting last month, several Governors
argued the debt should be forgiven.
The   university   chancellor,   William
Sauder, said the debt would prove too much
a burden for the re-opened club. And Philip
Resnick, a faculty representative on the
Board, said the debt should be paid from
"If I had to calculate the cost of poor
morale and lack of community since the
closing of that club, the [$1.66 milhon]
amount is relatively small," Resnick said. "It
would certainly be worth the cost of an
endowed chair."
Resnick suggested the money could come
from UBC's operating budget, which funds
academics, or from endowment or real
estate revenues.
But Terry Sumner, the vice president of
administration and finance, said action
would hurt academic programs. "If we do
write off that historic debt it's going to go
against the [General Purpose Operating
Fund] and it's going to be $1.6 million to
come out of the academic mission of this
university," said Sumner.
Several of the governors also suggested
that the faculty club should be open to anyone (which the proposal does) so long as
they pay dues. Currently it provides for free
admission to anyone.
"If you can't cough up somewhere
between $20 and a hundred, well then you
should be eating a Tube-Steak," said Sauder.
The Gathering Place Committee will hold
a public forum this month before reporting
back to the BoG in March.**
the Ubyssey
to keep The
Thunderbird Shop
Feb. 6,9 & 10 Q««Hi|i JL Mm^x 1998
Dr. Patricia Rupnow, Optometrist
Dr. Stephanie Brooks, Optometrist
General Eye
and Vision Care
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Vancouver, BC
(604) 224 2322
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International Trade &
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you will learn to analyze international markets
and develop successtul trade strategies
program options:
• two year diploma programs
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• one year certificate taken part-time while you work
Join us for an information session where you will
learn about these programs, job prospects and the
application process.
DATE: Wednesday, Feb. 4
TIME: 6 pm - 7 pm
LOCATION:    BCIT Burnaby Campus
Campus Centre
(Town Square A & B)
3700 Willingdon Avenue
Graduate Students:
Vote YES in Tibetan Flag Referendum
February 4 to 10, 1998
Vote YES for human rights in Tibet and free expression in Canada.
The GSS raised the Tibetan national flag during APEC to protest the
exclusion of human rights from the APEC agenda. This action had
been approved by the GSS council in a democratic process. The
Chinese Student and Scholar Association (CSSA) responded with
violent threats and coerced the RCMP to remove the flag, in violation
of a prior RCMP agreement to leave the flag up during APEC.
Tibetans in Tibet continue to suffer after 5 decades of a brutal
occupation by China. Over 1.2 million Tibetans have died as a direct
result ofthe occupation. In December 1997 the U.N. consultative
body, the International Commission of Jurists reported that Tibetans
are "a people under alien subjugation ... it is to maintain its alien and
unpopular rule that China has sought to suppress Tibetan nationalist
dissent and extinguish Tibetan culture."
Don't be fooled by the CSSA's claims that the GSS' actions have
hurt the feelings of Chinese people. The CSSA can speak only for
itself. The Vancouver Association of Chinese Canadians supported
the raising ofthe Tibetan flag in a letter to Martha Piper: "In our
view, the actions of the GSS represent a legal and legitimate form of
protest directed against a government that has a disgraceful record of
human rights violations. Equally, they represent a protest against our
own government which allows these violations to go
unacknowledged in the name of economic growth."
to vote call 280-8228, press 3
Students for a Free Tibet
Beau knows potential
BEAU MITCHELL, potential star, richard lam photo
 by Mike Brazao
They say good things come to those who wait And
wait. And wait. UBC rookie Christopher "Beau"
Mitchell hopes this sentiment holds true as he tries to
meet the Great Expectations attached to his promising
basketball career.
Mitchell is a former high school star used to being
the main event; now he is just part of the supporting
cast for the 8-6 Thunderbirds, averaging 5.6 points
and 4 rebounds in 19.5 minutes per game in his first
full college season. (He redshirted last season.)
But considering his immense talent physical attributes, and versatility (he has been asked to play some minutes at guard) Mitchell is capable of a whole lot more.
"Beau is one of the most talented players on the
team who just hasn't developed that eagerness to want
to be the best yet," says UBC small forward John
Dykstra about the 6'6" Vancouver native, whose mod
esty and easy-going manner have made him one of the
most popular players on the team, but have also hindered his development on the court.
"I know I can do better—definitely," Mitchell insists,
and you only need to glance at his impressive resume
to understand Beau knows basketball. Ever since he
found one under his Christmas tree in grade five,
Mitchell has used this gift to impress and dazzle fans.
Scouts recognised his potential and Mitchell soon
became a fixture on provincial Allstar teams.
While playing for Lord Byng Secondary, located five
minutes away from the UBC campus, he averaged 24
points and 12 boards per game. And it wasn't too long
before his showmanship had college scouts asking for
an encore.
This left Mitchell pondering several options and in
the end, he took his show to UBC. But the transition from
high school to university could have been smoother.
Although going to UBC was like stepping into his
own backyard, it has been anything but a beautiful day
in his neighbourhood.
Head coach Bruce Enns, currently on a year sabbatical, didn't think Mitchell could contribute to a veteran team looking to make a run for a national title. So
Enns asked Mitchell to cool his heels on the bench.
Says Mitchell, "It's been tough to get the game feeling back. The absence from the pressure of games for
more than a year was odd." That's understandable. A
year sitting next to the Gatorade bucket would dampen
anybody's enthusiasm.
Mitchell knows time can heal all wounds and he lias
shown progress. "He played very well against Victoria
[the defending CIAU champs]," says current UBC head
coach Rich Chambers, who coached Mitchell when he
played on the BC Provincial Under-16 team.
Everybody knows Beau can play. But he is as sporadic as sunshine in Vancouver in the middle of
Consider the Birds' recent 73-46 victory over lowly
Saskatchewan. Looking lost for the first twenty minutes,
Mitchell rarely challenged for a board and was pushed
around. But he sprung into action second half. With the
Huskies down 40-31 and trying to come back, Beau was
key in slamming the door shut He finally fought for
some boards and found the open lane for a couple of
jams, bringing the crowd to their feet
Mitchell doesn't want these glimmers of brilliance to
be a flash in the pan. He knows he has to work harder
and he seems to have the right attitude when he says, "if
you're going to be serious, you should never be pleased
with your own performance."
Asked how far he might take his sport, he pauses,
then says: "I don't know...I'd love to have the opportunity to play in Europe."
This brings a smile to his face and a glimmer to his
eyes. But Beau knows he is not there yet—it will take
time and he may never get there. As for now, he'll just
keep working and waiting. How long, Beau? Beau doesn't know.-*
ghW^ only thing
KELLY DOODY, set to race
in the BC Senior Swim
Championships on
Sunday morning. Friday
night, Doody and the
UBC team dominated
yet another opponent as
they demolished Simon
Fraser at the UBC Aquatic
Centre "Ihe Thunderbirds
thoroughly thrashed the
Clan in the dual meet
The men, buoyed by the
return of World Swim
Championship double
medalist Mark versveld,
rolled by a score of 149
to 45, while the women
crushed the Clan 122-
70.1he win came on the
heels of the Birds' victories against the University
of Washington and in the
Canada West Swimming
Championships UBC is
gearing up for the nationals February 14-15
Women v-ball Birds de-claw Huskies
 By Wolf Depner
Watching the women's volleyball team
crush the visiting Saskatchewan Huskies
last Saturday, it was hard not to think the
Birds didn't want to miss the conclusion of
Dr Quinn, Medicine Woman.
They needed less than an hour
Saturday night to complete a two-game
sweep ofthe Huskies, winning by scores of
15-7, 15-2, 15-7 and extending their current win streak to four games.
OK, so the Huskies didn't exactly challenge fhe 16-4 Birds.
a-\nd one cannot read too much into a
four game winning streak that includes
two wins over the oh-so-bad and soon-to-be
defunct Victoria Vikes.
But the final conclusion is still the
same: after a brutal stretch during which
they lost four out of five Canada West
games and fell in the rankings, the Birds
are back on track to challenge for a national title.
And they got there by playing the kind
of defense so sorely lacking earlier in the
"Blocking has probably been one of fhe
skills that we have been inconsistent with,"
said UBC head coach Errninia Russo. "If
we continue to block like that it is going to
make our life a lot easier."
Coinciding with
UBC's defensive
surge has been the
return of 6'4"
Joanne Ross. A
member of Canada's national team,
Ross returned to
UBC in Eiecember,
and after overcoming a knee injury,
she has teen dominant
"It feels really
good," said Ross
who had five
blocks and 22 digs
in Friday's win. "It
is good to be back and it is fun
to playing again," she added.
"It is not just Joanne
though," Russo explained.
"What is neat to see is other
players feeding off what she is doing."
Middle; Melanie Griswold has certainly
stepped up her play lately, collecting a
team-high six blocks Friday night
"I have been happy with the way I have
played," said Griswold. "It feels like a lot of
things have come together and I am finally starting to get back into being able to
block and pass."
Griswold quit the team in November
for what she called personal reasons, but
returned just before the holidays.
Teammates and coaches alike are glad to
see her back and contributing.
"She just didn't have her timing, but
now she is on again," said power bitter
Sarah Maxwell. "She is back up to where
she has been," added Russo.
So it seems, is the entire team. ♦
Men's v-ball team pulls off emotional upset
 by Wolf Depner
Trying to win a national championship is hard.
But there are harder things. Ask the men's volleyball team, still trying to deal with the news
their star player, Mike Kurz, is recovering from
surgery to remove a cancerous tumour from
his back.
And as they played their last two regular
season home games, they faced two obstacles:
their own emotions and the Saskatchewan
Huskies, ranked first in the country.
Friday night they succumbed to both folio-wing an emotional pre-game tribute to Kurz,
the team's heart and soul. But Saturday night
the Birds, wearing Kurz's number seven on
their ankle and finger tapes, played like a team
possessed,beating the Huskies three sets to
"It was real inspirational that they were
flunking about me and no matter what is going
on with me, that they can still perform to fhe
Puck'Birds very alive
:      by Wotf Depner
There is still lot of hockey left to be plaryedBut
you gotta like the chances of the men's hockey
team making the playoffs after they tied and
beat the Lethbridge Pronghorns on the road
this past weekend
Yes, the Birds still trail Lethbridge by two
points in the race for the final playoff spot but
they have an easier schedule and momentum
the Ubyssey
best of their abilities," Kurz
Saturday's upset win
proved the Birds can win big
games without Kurz. "We're not
as good a team as we were with
Mike," setter Jamie Mackay
admitted. "We have to have
confidence, but we are still a
good team."
Head coach Dale Ohman
has been trying to get this point
across, but said it has been difficult
"To see him shut down with
something like that has been
pretty devastating for everybody," Ohman said. "I think the
guys realise they can play well
without him. But it is just a matter of getting their mind completely focused on
on their side.
"We feel like we're in the driver seal,* said
UBC fcead coach Mike Coflin. "We feet like in
UBC traied the Horns by four points heading into the weekend and as Coflin put it
'[Lethl Jiidge} had a chance to bury us.* But they
Friday night, Chris Low and Andy Clarissa-red third period goals as UBC battled back
from sin undeserving two goal deficit to earn a
2-2 tie.
"We're doing a good job sticking to the
HIGH FIVES all around after Saturday's win. richard lam photo
Friday night the Birds had anything but volleyball on their minds, losing three sets to none
in little more than ninety minutes.
game plan no matter-what the koto. And fhat
is the area where we have grown the most"
Coflin said.
Jon Sikkema had another strong game in
net stopping 42 shots, tnduding 18 through
the third period and overtime.
Sikkema -was back in net the next night and
made 25 saves.earning his sixth win this season as the Birds won 2-1 on goals by Clark and
It was reaBy determined and gri% effort"
Coflin said.
the Birds, 8-11-3, have now lost only once
"We're all pretty uptight about the whole
ceremony and trying to win without Mike,"
said middle Mike Dalziel. "But [assistant
coach] Pat [Hennelly] said we are out here to
have fun and compete, not to worry about
what's going on outside the court"
The message had its effect as the Birds
served extremely well and threw several big
blocks Saturday night "I think that is probably
fhe best we have ever served and blocked in
this gym," said Mackay, who had five blocks,
13 kills and 15 digs. "Usually, at home, we're
not a tough serving team, but tonight we really
blew them off the court"
Saturday's win pushed UBC's record to 12-
8 and should make an impression on national
tournament organisers.
"It helps us with the wildcard," said Dalziel
"But the big test is this weekend in Manitoba If
we go in there and beat them twice, we are in
good shape for the second wildcard to get into
nationals despite of how we do in the playoffs."**
in their last six games, going 3-1-2. What is
even more encouraging is UBCs play on the
The Birds are unbeaten in their last four
road games {2-0-2), a streak mey will try to
extent nejct week in Manitoba But they will be
minus Dman Andrew Kemper who suffered a
broken hand Friday night
Coflin said there are signs he might return
before the end ofthe season and considering
how UBC is playing these days, there is good
chance he wfll be suiting up beyond the Birds'
regular season finale*
to keep The
Thunderbird Shop
Feb. 6,9 & 10 UBC FilmSoc
Feb 4-5, Norm Theatre, SUB
Chunking Express
9:30 PM
: 2* hrs, 8*2-3697       Days of Being Wild
tS-a.a-a**ajt***b=J***. ~. 2nd Floor,
2174 W. Parkway
Vancouver. BC (University Village)
• Quark Xpress
• MS Word
• Adobe Photoshop
• Corel WordPerfect
• Adobe Illustrator
• PageMaker
• Claris Works
• PowerPoint
• Plus more...
• Corel Draw...
B/W Laser Prints iisg
40c each ;"'S)
Colour Laser .'''.. -.*
Prints Available
Discover the Friendly Competition!
Mon to Fri 8am-9pm • Sat to Sun 10am-6pm
The Madeleine Sophie Barat Award
Subject: The Creative and Responsible Use of Freedom.
Choose your own focus, e.g. Literature, Art,
Capitalism, Political Science, the Environment,
Interpersonal Relations, History, etc.
Eligibility: M 3rd and 4th year undergraduate and all
graduate students at UBC.
Prize: $1000.00
Submission Deadline: Friday 29 May 1998
Prizes awarded: Friday 25 September 1998
Application Forms are available Monday to Friday 10
am to 4 pm at St. Mark's College, 5935 Iona Drive,
at die extreme North East corner ofthe Campus.
A Children's
Literacy Program
Be a
Volunteer Thtor
Open the World of
Reading to a ChUd
Do you have 2-3 hours a
week during the DAY to
help a child learn to read?
,_.   The Junior League of
^|  Greater Vancouver
SINCE 1963
BCS LUMBER practices no longer work, ubyssey file photo
BC's forests are being destroyed by the laws that regulate them.
While industry and environmentalists agree the forest tenure
system has to go, they can't see any change coming soon.
by Todd Silver
Last Thursday a mass of students overwhelmed a UBC
lecture hall, filling every seat aisleway and entrance. The
usual chatter and restlessness associated with a two hour
discussion was absent The discussion centred on the
future of forest land tenure in BC.
The nature of land ownership in BC is unique. The
provincial government controls 96 percent of the land
open to logging with the federal government private
companies, communities and Native groups sharing the
remaining four per cent
When a logging company harvests timber, it rarely
owns the land but rather gains a licence, either a tree
farm license (TFL) or a forest license (FL) from the
provincial government which provides them with exclusive right to log the licensed land. The TFL is a right to an
area while an FL is a right to a certain amount of timber,
which is determined by volume.
A common feature, however, is the Evergreen Clause—
a statute which keeps the holder of a licence in control of
the timber for an indefinite period. Both licenses have
term limits—a TFL is based on a 25 year term while an FL
is based on a 15 year term—but when a term ends, a company has the right to a five year extension for both types of
licenses. Because an FL is based on volume and not land
area, the government retains the power to move the logging site, provided the volume remains the same.
Still, at Thursday's discussion, Michael M'Gonigle,
head of the Eco-research Chair of Environmental Law
and Policy, says that the distinction between the forest
licenses is academic.
"There is only one type of tenure. [The] goal is to
increase economic benefits," he says. "[Tenure] was
something created by the Crown in order to mobilise the
The policy of licensing logging land is an old one. It
originated in the late 1940's and was based on a German
model of forestry. But while the Germans have rejected
this system due to its unsustainability, the system is still
going strong in Canada despite repeated calls for reform.
Calls for change are, according to Cheri Burda, senior
research chair for the University of Victoria eco-forestry
program, "changing values," which differ significantly
from the values of the past
"The previous belief was based on the thought that
forests are inexhaustible," says Burda.
Criticisms of the system
The current system has been criticised by both environmentalists as well as those who want to see a greater
amount of private control in BC's forest industry.
A common complaint from both sides is that the long
term nature of the system lends itself to being uncompromising to change.
David Haley, a professor in forest resource management at UBC and a member of a committee which is
reviewing the tenure system, says that timber licensing
ties the hands of lumber companies.
"They are simply timber harvesting tenures, so as a
result they don't give any incentives for multiple use or
for protections of the products for example. And they
don't give any incentives for reforestation or silviculture.
They are simply rights to harvest timber," he said.
He goes on to say that forest companies in BC are not
investing in the land because they aren't given any incen
five to do so.
"The system fails to provide a system of investment,"
he says.
Fred Gail, a guest lecturer at UVic on forestry issues,
agrees that the system limits economic incentives for private companies.
"You tend to treat all of the timber similarly and that
means a lot of good quality timber goes to less than first
class purposes. There is a shortage from the value added
manufacturer's perspective, there is actually a shortage
of good quality timber available because the major
licence holders have it tied up themselves. And they
don't necessarily use it to the best advantage," he said.
But Gail is critical of those who wish to remove government from the control of forestry, namely the major
lumber companies and the Fraser Institute, as he questions their view of a working forest
"If you adopt an industrial model of forestry then
when you look at a forested area and you see an even
aged set of stands, of all the same species which are
standing straight with nice fire breaks between them,
and not a lot of litter on the ground, you're pleased. You
think that is an excellent example of a forest because that
is a forest that you have achieved your goals on. From an
ecosystem perspective you would look at the same forest
and be horrified because what you have done is massively simplified the ecology of that forest stand in the
interest of growing straight trees faster. And all of the
other forest values that are part of every forest have basically been either destroyed or severely curtailed. So from
an ecosystem point of view even if you looked out over a
clear-cut that was being greened up you would still be
horrified at what had happened, while if you were an
industrial forest operator you would be quite satisfied."
Ultimately, according to Peter Sanders, UBC director
of research forests and off campus programs, the issue is
who controls the forests. The provincial government is
too far removed to effectively deal with the problem.
"As long as you have that [provincial control] there is
an inherent inefficiency in land management You are
dealing with a huge bureaucracy which is trying t6 micro-
manage everything. The government is actually, in my
opinion, and this is entirely my opinion, should do what
they were elected to which is to make and administer legislation. They shouldn't try and manage land, because
they are no good at it it is as simple as that In fact they
are hopeless at it"
see next page THE UBYSSEY • TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 3,1998
Handing over the trees
Privatisation is a solution offered by
those in the forest management
industry. The idea is for two thirds of
BC's forestry land to be distributed to
the private sector—one third to the
large companies and the other third
to private citizens and communities.
Sanders is a firm supporter ofthe
"There should be a certain
amount of land managed by the local
communities because that would
add a touch of reality for them. But,
in fact, I think the government
should divest itself of probably at
least two thirds of its land. I think it
should sell it off. Then you will see
efficient land management," he said.
Haley, also a supporter of something similar to the 'third idea',
believes that the industry's share of
the land should be a focus for industrial forestry.
"I Ihink there should be an area
zoned for intensive forest management I think by doing so we can produce the limber that we need to
maintain the industry in a much
smaller area and that would allow
the balance of the land to be maintained in other uses. Off the top of
my head I would say about fifteen
million hectares in intensive timber
use, timber growing in the form of
plantations. Fifteen million hectares
is about a quarter of our total land
area," he said.
Haley does recognise that the privatisation of forest land would have
some detrimental results on the forest ecosystem. "Tlie problem with
private forestry is that it does not
provide for the wealth in any of the
other benefits. For recreation, for
wildlife, biodiversity or watershed
protection. And all of these things
are very important in BC."
M'Gonigle, a firm supporter of a
plan calling for community tenure,
questions the interests ofthe logging
companies and does not believe that
privatisation is an answer to BC's
tenure problems.
"The goal of corporations is to
reduce costs," he said. "[Privatisation]
is the continuation of a historical
process of disuse to maximise profits."
Localising the problem
Community tenure is the handing
over the right to harvest the trees to
local communities. Under such a
plan, land would fall under the control of the local communities. So
instead of MacMillan Bloedel or
Fletcher Challenge controlling the
watershed surrounding a town, the
community would have the timber
Burda sees this as a great plus for
smaller forestry dependant towns.
"The public, in a sense, is held
hostage by a company who owns the
land...[the company] acts as a life
support system when a communily
is dependant," she said.
The power that a town would
have over the surrounding land, and
just who in the town would have the
power to make the decisions still
remains unclear, however, as no formal recommendations will be made
until the end of February.
Gail recommends that any sort of
community tenure should be synthe-
sised with a more environnientally
aware method of forestry.
"My own preference would be for
the stnicturing of comrnunity based
forest tenures under an ecosystem
based approach to forestry. So what
you would do is you would devolve
responsibility to manage forest
lands to the communities in which
those forest lands are located.
Simultaneously along with the devolution of that responsibility you
would do it under a tenure that was
heavily informed by an ecosystem
based approach to forest management which can be strongly contrasted with the current industrial
Burda also views a more pluralistic industry as being the result of
community tenure. Under such a
plan profits would not be the driving
force behind the harvesting of trees.
According to Burda the current system runs "hand in hand with industrial forestry," and works under the
outlook of 'log it or lose it"
To bring about such a radical
change, however, would mean the
end of a fifty year-old bureaucracy.
Bringing about the changes
Community tenure has been suggested for years but no change has
come about
Currently, there is a committee
meeting once a month to review the
nature of forestry licensing in British
Columbia. The committee will make
recommendations to the Forestry
Ministry at the end of February. The
committee is made up of academic
and industry experts as well as representatives from both local communities and Native bands. None ofthe
large environmental organisations
are present on the panel.
But just how community tenure
will come about, assuming it is recommended by the panel and accepted by the provincial government,
remains unclear. Changing the
forestry system from being industrially based to community oriented
would mean that there would be
some drastic changes to BC's primary resource export economy.
Haley, who sits on the committee,
is not optimistic about any drastic
change in land use. "The whole
province is essentially committed to
industrial tree farm licenses and forest licenses," he said.
Burda, however, sees the changing attitude towards the environment as a reason that such a change
is possible. She likens the public attitude towards forestry, as compared
to the 1940's, as being somewhat
like the civil rights movement in the
United States. Fundamental change
will come around when public sentiment is overwhelrning enough that
the forces that be will have little
choice but to remedy the system.
While she said that any change
would have to be gradual, she
believes that public opinion will
bring about political change.
"There needs to be a broad sectoral voice based on changing values,
based on the thought that forests are
not inexhaustible," she said.
Bringing in new community
tenure legislation may be a catalyst
in initiating these changes, according to M'Gonigle. Enacting legislation would allow communities with
viable, ecosystem based forestry
plans to begin a new type of forestry
in BC. "We need that radical change
to get in incrementally," he said.
But it looks as though there will
not be any sort of change coming in
the near future. Sanders is not optimistic.
"Right now the government is
making noise about tenure review,
but honestly, I think it is just
noise." ♦
. -,"-r ■ "*■
The Faculty of Science Presents
1 leeiure Series
for Mi Seieiias
It's new and it's for you!
Watching the Working Brain
A Science First! lecture by
Dr. .Alex MacKay 	
(Radiology & Physics and Astronomy)
Elana Brief (Physics and Astronomy)
Irene Vavasour   (Physics and Astronomy)
Kent Kiehl (Psychology)
Thursday, 5 February 1998, 12:30 - 1:30 pm,
Room 100, Wesbrook Building, UBC
Why would we want to be able to look into the
living brain? what do we see when we look into
the living brain?
Sharing a
Leave a
at UBC.
Look for your faculty's
Class Act Rep
February 3-13,1998
to make a contribution
to your class gift.
Act on it!
Parking Prices are Going Up!@#$%*!
What Options Have You Got?!
SUB Conversation Pit
on Thursday, Moon, February 5th
Transportation Forum & Fair:
Options & Priorities
NoOil". Prizes awarded for those who responded to the 1S98
Transportation Survey, and were randomly chosen from al!
respondents, to receive one of:
«1 of 2 "Trek" mountain bikes [ total value over $1,200]
•1 of 12 Monthly Transit passes to anywhere BC Transit
serves Cfotal value over $1,200]
•1 of 12 Monthly Van pool vouchers from the Jack Bell
Foundation [total value over $1,200]
•1 of 5 $20 Gift Certificates for Local Merchants
•1 of 4 $50 Gift Certificates for the UBC Bookstore
12:30 pm: Presentations by various speakers on Options to
address UBC Transportation Issues, including:
• Gord Lovegrove, UBC Director of Transportation Planning
• Douw Steyn, Mrmbrt of GVRD Air Quality Committee
• Community Liason, BC Transit
• Car/Van Pools, Jack Bell Foundation
• Bicycling, Better Environmentally Sound Transportation
• Cooperative Auto Network
1:0O pm: Questions/Comments are welcome.
Gord Lovegrove, Ping., Ming., M.B.A.
Oirector of Transportation Planning
Ph: [604] 822-1304 / cell: 802-2169
E-mail: trek@ubc.ca
Web Site: www.trek.ubc.ca
to keep The
Thunderbird Shop
rf Great Service
af Low Prices
of risk free revenue
rf Student Jobs
Feb. 6,9 & 10 8  IIIEUBi-SMY-a 'UEM At* ftW.UAl i «. T4"8
THE Ua^SSE¥«Tfca^Ay(fEBI»|W(3;1S98
 by Douglas Quan and Chris Nuttall-Smith
These days, Steven Pelech seems just as comfortable in
a suit and tie, talking about capital venture funds as he
is in a lab coat, exaniining signal transduction pathways
in living cells. As president and CEO of Kinetek
Pharmaceuticals, a $40 million a year drug discovery
company, Pelech is one of a small, but growing number
of scientists who have successfully turned years of laborious research into a massive money-making machine.
The marriage between industry
and research is soaring at UBC,
but as Douglas Quan and
Chris Nuttall-Smith report,
the union has broadened
the divide between research
'haves' and 'have-nots.'
From Kinetek's sparkling business office with its
ultra-modern, ergonomically-correct furniture and
equipment, follow Pelech down a narrow corridor, and
around a few corners, and enter the true nerve centre
of Kinetek: its research labs.
In the academic lab, a cold cabinet containing vials
of enzymes emanates a low hum. There are six graduate students, three post-doctorate fellows, and two tech
nicians, all from UBC, who use the lab. One floor below,
sits the even more impressive corporate lab where
another crop of fresh-faced research scientists and lab
technicians are working over a myriad of test tubes and
Their goal is to develop drugs to treat chronic diseases, including cancer and diabetes. These diseases
are linked to defects in signalling systems in human
cells. Kinetek's research is focused on particular
enzymes called protein kinases which make up these
signalling systems. The challenge is to identify and target kinases linked to diseases, and to develop kinase
Having spent millions of dollars on the latest technology, Kinetek researchers have a leg up on the competition. In one room, a $150,000 computer enables
researchers to analyse proteins they've separated, and
to detect any variations between them. Any of the variations could lead to a cure.
In another room, two high through-put robotics systems worth $250,000 screen natural extracts from
plants, microbes and bacteria for small molecules that
could act as kinase inhibitors.
"You don't have this at university," Pelech says candidly. And he's right.
Pelech is the perfect symbiosis of academic and
entrepreneur. With some $400,000 in academic grants
and millions more from private investment, Pelech, a
self-described 'Renaissance Man,' proves that there is
research funding out there. Yet he also illustrates the
growing debate over links between academia and
industry, and the seeming disdain for esoteric research—research that is often left behind.
On the one hand, there's Pelech doing business
savvy, hyper-applied and extremely well funded
research. He gets business backing from UBC's
University Industry Liaison Office (UILO), a hands-on
department that sets up contract research in UBC labs,
and helps license and promote research discoveries for
academics like Pelech. The UILO's umbrella extends
over 71 spin-off companies, including Kinetek, and pursues an equity portfolio worth millions on paper—$634
million at last estimate.
Says Pelech: "There's never been more money available in terms of venture capital funds to support
biotechnology than now. There's money there for people who have good ideas and the wherewithal to bring
these ideas into the marketplace."
But on the other hand, there is an increasingly
demoralised band of pure researchers—physicists,
astronomers, and scientific theorists—whose work
often has little commercial value and even less iunding.
♦ *■$■♦
For a university researcher, the size of your grant is
almost eveiything.
With a $90,000 personal research grant from the
Natural Science and Engineering Research Council
(NSERC), high-temperature superconductor physicist
Walter Hardy is one of the best funded Canadian university researchers in his field.
With his research partners Ruixing Liang and Doug
Bonn, Hardy grows high-quahty YBCO (Y Ba2 Cu3 Ox)
superconducting crystals, a blend of physics and chemistry that's hardly a decade old, but already has high
tech applications. Some of the crystals are blasted with
a pulse laser to microscopically thin films. The films, in
turn, act as high precision microwave conductors. In
the real world they're made into filters for technology
like digital telephones and satellite communications
equipment. The filters block all but one microwave
band, just enough for one digital PCS phone.
But Hardy is less interested in the commercial applications of his research than he is in understanding the
strongly correlated electron problem—a scientific mystery for which there are plenty of theories but no
So of the $485,000 that funded Hardy and Bonn's
lab operations, equipment and research staff in
1996/97, all but $14,000 came from NSERC. That
reliance on NSERC has Hardy worried. The agency's
funding is spread thin after years without increases to
its own budget, and the money NSERC grants is increas-
sities to bigger salaries and better labs and equipment.
And Hardy worries that his crystal growing technician,
Ruixing Liang, could be snapped up by bigger budget
labs in the US.
Janis McKenna has thought of leaving. "I THINK EVERYONE
ttunks about leaving for professional reasons," she says,
the gee-whiz cadence of her voice slowing for a minute.
"If funding continues to deteriorate like this is it going
to be worth doing research in Canada ten years from
now?" She answers her question. "If the funding cuts
keep coming at the rate they've been coming then it's
not going to be worth staying."
McKenna's field, subatomic particle physics theory,
is what a skeptic might call useless. She studies quarks,
the particles that make up neutrons and protons, from
a purely theoretical standpoint. Discoveries in subatomic particle physics help build the foundations of
knowledge—but they don't usually turn into breakthrough stereo equipment or cures for baldness.
"We're not going to have a marketable patentable
thing at the end. What we're going to have is basic
knowledge—and as wonderful as that is, industry can't
make money off it so they might say 'it's cool' but they
don't want to touch us," she says.
But lite so many pure researchers, McKenna bristles
at suggestions that her research is useless. "What the
hell is a newborn baby good for," she retorts with a
McKenna's NSERC funding has followed the downward trend that many of her colleagues are seeing. This
year she has less money and is able to do less research
than she did when she started at UBC eight years ago,
only a few years out of grad school. And she complains
that her grad students are feeling the funding shortage.
In the early 90s, McKenna used to send some students
for three year stints at the Centre Europeen de
Recherche Nucleaire (CERN) in Switzerland, the top
international particle physics facility staffed by what
nothing to help. In fact, UBC has done the opposite, the
botany professor argues.
He refers to a Business in Vancouver cover story last
year with UBC's president, Martha Piper. The story
describes her as being "determined to bring academia
down from the [ivory] tower and into the boardrooms."
So incensed was Glass with the article that he rounded
up the support of 50 of his colleagues and last October
sent Piper an e-mail demanding she work harder to get
funding for basic research.
Glass worries that more and more professors are
subscribing to the "expedient philosophy," which is to
forget about basic research.
"I feel that the ivory tower is critical to the mandate
of the university, to be free from influence, to be free to
pursue knowledge wherever it takes us."
But Glass faces an uphill battle. Not only is direct
industry funding increasing these days, but if professors want to apply for certain grants, they require
industry support.
Robert Blake, a zoologist and president of the UBC
faculty association, says he's seeing more academic
'haves' and 'have-nots' lately. It's the 'have-nots' he's
worried about.
If a researcher's grant application doesn't get funded, it can mean a year scrounging lab space and funding from other researchers. Or it can mean a year without any lab work.
"There's informal measures of status and it can be
the size of a research grant. I know some individuals
are so competitive relative to each other in the sense of
who has the biggest it's like eleven-year-olds in the toilet or something," says Blake.
Blake says he foresees a future when professors who
are successful in finding funding might get research-
only positions while under-funded pure researchers
spend the bulk of their time in classrooms, not laboratories. That differentiation of roles already happens,
Blake says, but former researchers resigned to teaching
risk drawing more on second hand research and knowl-
RESEARCH CHAIR HOLDER, Lome Whitehead, reflects anew breed of researcher, richard lam photo
ingly tied to matching industry funds. No industry
funds, no NSERC grant.
"As far as I am concerned, we are at a real crisis
point in funding for physics," he says. "They tell us to go
out and do internationally competitive physics, but the
funding isn't there."
Hardy adds that he's worried Canadian universities
can't attract top researchers or keep them once they're
here. Since returning to his native Vancouver in 1971
after stadying in the US and Europe, Hardy has seen a
growing exodus of top scientists from Canadian univer-
McKenna calls the field's 'superstars.'
Today, her students are lucky to spend one year
at CERN, where they rush through their research
then teleconference or e-mail data after they return to
The contrast in funding between researchers like Pelech
and McKenna drove one of their colleagues to action.
What upsets Anthony Glass more than the decline in
pure research funding is that the university has done
ly frequent forays by researchers towards corporate
funding can make for bad science.
"At the outset and all the way along the [private]
funding agency is setting up conditions and calls the
tune so it is not independent and totally unbiased and
objective research," she says from her office just one
floor above UILO headquarters in the Instructional
Resources Centre.
Kazanjian also complains that the university's ethical review committee doesn't do enough to prevent bad
research. The only ethical review criteria are that
research subjects—often university students—don't face
any undue risk, and that the researchers guard the privacy of their subjects.
But Rick Spratley, director of Rescue li Sitmics
says the investigator should be given
way as possible to do research, so long
guidelines are met.
"I think we handled [the Kendler c.i«c
fectly. Our role is not to judge the scienci
se, our role is to judge the effect of it on
Spratley adds: "I think we're still in tli-
phase where it would be healthy to ha\ c
more industry funding so that the mix
on campus is more even."
conflict of interest. Besides, he asks, "what's the difference where the money comes from?" Whether your
funding comes from a spin-off company or elsewhere,
all academic research falls under the same guidelines.
♦ ♦ ♦
Back at Kinetek Pharmaceuticals, an unabashed Steven
Pelech says he doesn't know what all the fuss is about.
"Me being involved in the company, as well as being
the principal investigator of the academic lab, I have a
better sense of what the company needs, and can steer
the research in the university so it's more applied. This
nun h
.ih hash
■ pri
Most academics agree that indi m i ■•
funding    has    helped    prop,
research into whole new area--
Back in the Physics depart
ment, someone who has ben."
fited from industry collaboi.i
tion, and who knows a tiling or
two  about commercialising
university    technology,    is
Professor Lome Whitehead.
Currently, Whitehead holds
a  research  chair   studying
edge than on first hand experience.
Meanwhile, research-only positions are already a
reality at UBC in industry chairs that are often partly
funded by the imiversity, adds Blake. "Industry chairs
are for focused applied research for the most part," he
says. "We have a number of these centres around and
they're not. a bad thing in the sense of themselves but
the people that work there don't interface in the central
mission of the university in terms of teaching to any
great extent."
But he calls the differentiation of roles a reality—not
a problem—and suggests that industry shouldn't be
blamed. "A lot of people are finding connections to
industry and business attractive simply to keep
research programs at all."
Not only are some academics worried that industry is
shifting attention away from broad based research, but
many worry that the shift will compromise the quality
of research.
Some say investigators may be tempted to distort
results in order to meet company expectations. They
say that if an investigator uncovers something that
might hurt the company, there is a potential that the
project may be shut down or that future funding will be
In December 1996, critics charged that a study headed by a UBC medical professor, David Kendler, to test
the bone density of elderly women was more of a marketing ploy to boost osteoporosis drug sales than a legitimate research project. They said the ultrasound technology he was using was unproven, and was creating
thousands of unnecessary referrals to doctors. BC
Women's Hospital eventually halted the study.
a^rrninee Kazanjian, the associate director of the
Centre for Health Services and Policy Research, and a
professor of health care and epidemeology at UBC
joined in a growing mistrust of business funded
research last year when she slammed Kendler's study.
In an interview a few months later she remained
adamant that government complacency to federal
research granting agencies, combined with increasing-
structured surface physics, a field that could lead to
enhanced computer screens and other display devices.
3M Inc, which pioneered work in the area, is funding
most of the chair, along with NSERC.
"Having a healthy collaborative relationship with
industry is one of the best things a university can do to
argue its case for increased
pure research funding," says
Since   the   early   1980s,
Whitehead has  also helped
build not one, but two, UBC
spin-off     companies,     TIR
Systems (which makes  tube
lighting systems)  and GMW
Speakertape     (recently     renamed Sonigistix),  to exploit
the technology that came out oi
his research.
But as more academics folio
Whitehead's path, there are mo i
ting concerns about the potei
for conflict of interest. Critics  ■!
worry that one's business con n il
ments may interfere with one's
emic commitments.
Whitehead says his involveni* nl
these companies today is limiten
inition, when a company is spun nil
would like to think it's fairly independent
and operating on its own." But according lo
Research Services' compendium of universi
projects, at least one of Whitehead's academic
research projects received over $45,000
from Speakertape, a company which he co-founded,
over the period of 1994 to 1996.
a-\nd even if Whitehead's involvement with TIR is
limited, the company, with sales that shot from $1.2
milhon in 1992 to $6.1 million in 1996, has been good
to him on paper at least. Whitehead has hundreds of
thousands of options in the company's stock.
William Palm, executive director of the UILO, says
there are enough guidelines to prevent any possible
is a trend that has to be acknowledged by anyone doing
research. If they want to get grant funding today, it has
to be extremely relevant. The more applied it is, the
more relevant it is."
It's a formula for success that in just six years has
brought Pelech to where he is today.
Ultimately Pelech envisions the day he'll be able to
conduct clinical trials on new drugs for cancer and diabetes and market them with a major pharmaceutical
"The long-term goal is to have a place that has several hundred employees, doing world class leading
research, and be extremely successful financially," says
"I would like to see us become the Microsoft equivalent in the biotech field for treatment of these dis
eases, v
TO HAVE AND HAVE NOT: PhD, president and CEO
Steven Pelech (top right) combines research and
business for success with his own company, Kinetek
Pharmaceuticals. Walter Hardy (bottom right) superconductor physicist is worried that his research
endeavours might fall apart without better national
We don t fool around! \ K
3 blocks south of Ac village in
the heart of Fairview Residence
&/    Mon. - Fri.       7:30 am -11 pm
Sat. - Sun.        9 am -11 pm
Phone: 224-232$
itiOO- i
UBC Opera Ensemble
or the cost of $10 the
UBC opera ensemble will
perform a singing telegram
for your loved ones, friends,
collegues, teachers etc. anywhere on campus, including residences and classes
(but you must get the permission of the instructor). They will be performed between 9:30 am and
7:30 pm on Feb.13. Forms must be received at the
Music Building by Feb 10 at 4:30pm (at the front
office). You should attach any message to the form
that you wish to be given to the recipient of the
April 1,2,3,4,5 UBC Opera Ensemble Presents
W.A. Mozart's " La Finta Giardiniera"
at the Chan Centre
I Name.
I Address.
I Recipients Name.
I Room #	
I Instructors Name (if needed).
! Instructors Signature	
I Comments	
Modest Mouse gives a performance that just squeaks by
the Starfish Room
Jan 31
 by Cecelia Parsons
After releasing their fine self-
titled EP this summer and
more recently The Crowded
IVesfalbum, I was excited to
see Modest Mouse bang out
their skewed version of rock
live. But first, Vancouver's
three piece band Gaze hit the
stage and provided forty-five minutes of guitar pop. Their music was standard pop, featuring guitar, vocals, bass, and
drums, their set lagged on and I just wanted to hear my
indie-rock heroes Modest Mouse.
Finally Isaac Brock (guitar and vocals), Eric Judy (bass),
and Jeremiah Green (drums and marocca) sauntered
onto the stage. The next thing I knew, a loud, funky drum
beat and a throbbing bass line permeated the Starfish
Room's ambient smoke and noise. Brock, complete with
a devil's trident tattoo, picked up the microphone,
^egan a whiny rap routine, and jumped into the
crowd. My hopes were running high.
Unfortunately, however,
Modest Mouse concentrated
for most of the night on
more straight-forward
rock tunes than the
shifting, wild percussive songs that have
made their albums so
popular. Songs like
"This is a Long Drive for
Someone with Nothing to
Think About" added some variety to their performance, but for the
most part Modest Mouse were disappointing live. To their credit, they were, at times, very tight,
segueing into extended, rhythmic overtures which accentuated Jeremiah Green's stellar chumming and Isaac
Brock's strangely appealing yelping.
But in the end, what could have been an exciting,
unique show by an innovative band turned into a standard, st^e-diving rock concert.-*
Vancouver gets hip-hopped up on the elements
the Palladium
Jan 31
 by Dino Heenatigala
Have you ever wondered what constitutes hip-hop? If you haven't, it is
understandable—for many it is not
an issue of overwhelming significance. Yet for all of those who made
it to the Elements of Hip-Hop Tour at
the Palladium (formerly Graceland)
on Saturday night, there was a fine
sampling of the many features that
make the scene what it is. DJ'ing,
MC'ing, beatboxing, and break-dancing were served up in fine style.
The show kicked off with
Vancouver's Contents Under
Pressure, a six man break-dance unit
that impressed the crowd with their
skills and spins. Headed by Flipout,
the members include Dedos,
Hassam, Jesar, Jose, Rob, and Zebrok.
With better battle royale choreography than Wyclef s "Staying Alive"
video, it was easy to be amazed with
the visually astounding acrobatics.
Just when it seemed the show
couldn't get any better, Rahzel (from
Roots' Godfather of Noyze) gave a
performance that can only be
described as historic. Simply put, the
man is talented. Using nothing more
than his voice, Rahzel cut and mixed
tracks showing off more effects than
what the best DJ's can produce on
turntables. Often described as the
human beatbox, Rahzel can imitate
all the subtleties of vinyl, from varying spin speed effects to sounding
exactly like the tracks he's imitating.
He "sampled" eveitything the crowd
wanted to hear, from old LL Cool J to
more current Wu Tang Clan.
Next on the show were the X-ecu-
tioners (formerly known as the X-
Men), a four-man/four-turhtable
crew comprised of Rob Swift, Roc
Raida, Total Eclipse, and Joe Sinister.
Each of these guys are renowned,
award winning DJ's. The combination was deadly. The performance
was as much fun to watch as it was to
listen to. There was an impressive
show of skills and techniques as
these guys went through their routines. Most impressive was the blur
of hands moving over the vinyl.
These guys were FAST. With the
sounds of SCTatahing and mixing on
four turntables the X-ecutioners created just about every head-nodding
rhythm possible.
By now the audience had seen
some ainazing breakdancing, beat-
boxing, and DJ'ing. They were ready
for some thing else that could measure up to the performances already
seen and heard. Common (formerly
known as Common Sense) was last to
play the show—they didn't disappoint Along with the five piece band,
A Black Girl Named Becky (which
included Joe Sinister on the turntables). Common delivered both content and style. The combination of
live instruments and turntables
proved to be a good rnix, as the
Chicago based Common performed
songs from his latest album One Day
It'll All Make Sense. It is evident that
the messages in his songs are important to him, as lyrics included themes
of self-respect, tolerance, and acceptance of others. All the tunes were
funky and upbeat, keeping the audience entertained to the end of the
By the end of the show, all were
saturated with the best that hip-hop
has to offer. The Tour showcased the
skill and style of some great performers, and successfully incorporated all
the elements of hip-hop into a show
that the audience will not soon forget*
[EDDfl® M
!>*&*"     JSSL A,RFARES
XosteuUNO^^_ e
Thursday Feb 12th
Room: Plaza South (sub lower uvei)
Two Talks: 12:30pm & 4:30pm
Student Union Bldg... 822-6890      UBC Village... 221-6221
Owned and operated by the Canadian Federation of Students
Your Choke of
2 Mediums
C$16.65 W
Your Choke ot
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$22.21 \
dsJh-nar   '
We Deliver Great Phxa
2517 ALMA ST.
Lift weights,
lift your spirits!
Next time you're carrying the weight of
the world on your shoulders, let physical
activity lighten the toad. Who knew public transit could be fun?
Number 14
at the Shadbolt Centre
Jan. 27-Feb. 7
by Marina Antunes
As the soft background music
ended and the lights dimmed, a full
house looked towards a fare box
and the cross section of a
Vancouver bus, The Number 14.
The show began as a group of business men on their way in to work
boarded the bus in a loud and disorderly fashion. This first skit,
which lasted no longer than three
minutes, was performed in mime
and prepared the audience for the
wild and energetic ride ahead.
And what a ride it was. The cast
jumped right into a social satire
that took the audience by storm,
leaving them in a frenzy of giggles
and laughs as a know-it-all mechanic pestered a businessman on his
way to work. The mechanic, talking
a ffiUe-a-minute about evei-ythiiig
and anything was alone on the bus
with the poor businessman who
had to suffer through his company
and a crack about his old age.
Boarding the bus next was a
motley crew: a tired old man, a fidgety woman and a man who spoke
no English. As he entered, the man
asked the bus driver, "Does this
club have any naked ladies?' The
others on the bus and the audience
gave him a funny look.
At the next stop, two retired
British stage actors board the bus
and decided that they were going to
perform a Shakespeare scene for all
because "Shakespeare is a man for
all places and all times," as one of
the old actors exclaimed.
Performing an improvised scene
from an unnamed and unrecognisable Shakespearean play, the
men had a short sword fight during which one actor fatally wounded the other and out of pity he
relented saying, 'But I cannot kill
you for you are my half brother
thanks to our father's boinking."
With this larger than life
Shakespearean performance, the
bus moved on to a few more performances until near the end ofthe
bus ride, when z "homey" got on
the bus to perform a cheesy rap
about how riding the bus is cool.
With this, the bus ride halted
for a short fifteen-minute intermission only to rev up with slightly less steam than before.
Act two was more of the same
funny skits comprised of more of
the same slapstick comedy and
social satire that was so dominant
in the first act. Each of the skits in
the second half ran for an average
of five to ten minutes. Some of the
more memorable skits targeted the
idiocy of schools that take the kids
on field trips using public transit
and rush hour bus riding.
The funniest skit of the second
act was the last one in which an old
man, closely resembling the
"Granville Street Preacher" tried to
board the bus. hi an unforgettable
performance, the preacher went on
about the world and how the world
was coming to ain end. Out of no
where, he pulled out a camera and
took a picture of the audience while
saying, "How much did you guys
pay for tickets for this thing?
Twenty bucks or something right?"
He then proceeded to open an
emergency exit door and pulled in a
woman from the street Seeing that
she had been pulled into a play and
that everyone in the audience was
looking at her, she turned bright
red and ran out the doors.
One of the funniest plays I've
ever seen, The Number 14 is
graced with the presence of some of
Canada's most captivating physical
theatre talent including award winners Peter Anderson, David
MacKay, and Beatrice Zeilinger
along with outstanding actors
Darlene Brookes, Colin Heath and
Wayne Specht. An unforgettable
ride, The Number 14 is funny,
funny, funny. ♦
The President ofthe Alma Mater Society has called this Referendum, under the authority of AMS
Bylaw 4, and upon the receipt of a petition duly signed by over 1000 AMS members. The question,
to be answered 'YES' or 'NO', appears at the bottom of this ballot. To assist members in making
an informed decision, reasons to vote YES (as put forward by the petitioners) appear on the left of
this ballot; reasons to vote NO (as stated by the AMS Executive Committee) appear on the right.
WHEREAS The Thunderbird Shop has operated in
the Student Union Building and provided goods
and services: valuable work experience: and
income to U.B.C. students for over 25 years;
WHEREAS The Thunderbird Shop has paid the
Alma Mater Society in excess of $62,000 in rent
for each ofthe last five years:
WHEREAS The Thunderbird Shop pays the
University over one thousand dollars in royalties
per month:
WHEREAS the staffof The Thunderbird Shop is
approximately 70% students:
WHEREAS The Thunderbird Shop has contributed
to the University community thousands of dollars
in merchandise and cash donations:
WHEREAS in 1992. the A.M.S. required The
Thunderbird Shop to relocate in the Student Union
Building, which cost The Thunderbird Shop over
$126,000 in renovations;
WHEREAS the A.M.S. has terminated the lease of
the Thunderbird Shop effective April 30. 1998;
Reasons to V-ofteJN©-''
The Alma Mater Society is owned and operated
by the students of UBC and operates many successful
businesses in SUB. such as Pie R Squared. The Pit.
Subcetera. Copyright and manv others.
The AMS intends to open a student owned and
operated retail store. An AMS retail store, as opposed
to the Thunderbird Shop, would create more student
jobs, pay a higher wage to student employees, offer a
wide product selection - and AIT, profits would go
back to students.
100% of all proceeds from AMS businesses go
to support student activities such as Speakeasy Peer
Counselling. Safewalk. Joblink. CiTR Radio, Tutoring
Services etc.
The AMS currently receives about $62,000 per
year in rent from The Thunderbird Shop lease.  With all
profits going to the AMS. rather than an off-campus
private business, this figure could double or more.
The Thunderbird Shop's lease expired, after
two option extensions, on April 30 1997. They were
granted a further extension, until April 30 1998, in
order for all parties to consider their options. The
owner of The Thunderbird Shop has been aware ofthe
AMS's intention not to renew the lease since June
Do you agree that the A.M.S. should enter into another five year lease with Thunderbird
Enterprises Ltd. ("The Thunderbird Shop") so The Thunderbird Shop can continue to provide its
services to the student body and to the University community?
2:00 PM
12:30 PM
Pick up a pair of tickets to.
Vogue Theatre!
HHI 7:IIPM. (-»** •:»•«». tlCHB it (UATU. llUUfi, »UCI (Wilt
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Queen Elizabeth Theatre
January 31, February 3, 5,7, 9
by Holly Kim
It is true that all of the well-known operas are
written by men. Yet opera is full of many interesting, strong and powerful female characters.
Vancouver Opera's X-treme Opera has all of
those femmes fatal in extreme circumstances.
They become agents, messengers, and victims
of power.
The performance of Xtreme Opera is a
wonderful example of the most perfect musi
cal instrument, the human voice. X-treme
Opera presents six talented local and international singers including Nancy Hermiston,
head of the voice and opera departments at
the UBC School of Music, and the Vancouver
Opera Chorus with Maestro David Agler. The
performances included both popular and relatively unknown scenes, arias and orchestral
passages from operas.
The Vancouver Opera Chorus presented
the fantastic harmony and amazing power of
54 members, 10 of whom are members ofthe
UBC Opera Performance Program. Wearing
black and white the singers transformed into
witches, orphans and prisoners as the music
changed. The uniformed clothing gave them
little individual identity and allowed their easy
Opera is usuaTy associated with extravagant costume, big wigs, and true to-history set
design. But not this one. This is a minimalist,
modern take on opera in every way.
Tlie set, the costume, the props, everything
is modernised. The stage has nothing but
multi-leveled platforms with white backgrounds on which pictures are projected. Not
just the set and costumes, but even the props
support the director's rninimalist vision.
There are no props used save a chair and few
lighted bulbs which are carried by the choir
members—depending on the music these are
used as candlesticks, torches and sometimes
Tlie performance itself is divided into two
parts;. The first part includes Wagner's
Lohengrin and Musorgsky's Boris Godunov,
both of which have never been performed by
Vancouver Opera. These are not the romantic
operas we know. They represent the stinging
reahty of a power struggle.
The second part includes excerpts from
operas such as Don Carlos and Macbeth by
Verdi, Anna Bolena by Donizetti, The Pearl
Fishers by Bizet, Rusalka by Dvorak, Turandot
by Puccini, Hamlet by Thomas, Mahogonnyhy
Weill, and Candide by Bernstein. Whereas the
first part focuses on stark reality, the second
part is defined by rather whimsical and
romantic pieces—the opera lhat we are more
familiar with.
Another non-traditional aspect of the performance is the narrator, John Gray, who
gives rather theatrical and amusing remarks
in between each piece, providing the audience with background explanations and the
overall story-line behind each excerpt. This
is essential considering the audience is not
seeing a whole performance and needs
some explanation as to what is going on in
the scene. While entertaining and tastefully
done, it does interfere with the audience's
X-treme Opera is for both the novice and
the expert. For the novices, this will be the reason to fall in love with the opera for the first
time; for experts, one more reason to stay in
love with tlie opera.
The versatility, universality and timelessness
of opera, an amazingly talented group of singers
and chorus members, the director's innovative
vision to modernise and 'ininimalise,' and the
good selection of music make this performance
an unforgettable, extremely pleasurable one.
This performance proves that opera is fun ♦
Vancouver brass go solo, no strings attached
Chan Centre
Feb 6, 7, & 8th
by Ronald Nurwisah
liana Demers, head clarinettist for
UBC's Symphonic Wind Ensemble
believes that the ensemble's
uniqueness compared to other UBC
music ensembles, also makes the
concert worth listening to. "Most
students are familiar with orchestral music but this is band music,
and most people know high school
bands but they're not familiar with
the university calibre kind of
ensemble that plays band music."
The Chan Centre is unusually
quiet and the seats are empty.
Martin Berinbaum, UBC Wind
Ensemble director, sits elevated on
his chair like some sorcerer trying
to conjure music out ofthe students
in from of him. The musicians
aren't wearing their formal attire.
Gone are the black tuxedoes and
dresses; instead the ensemble is
clad with a mish-mash of street
clothes. As the band divides up to
rehearse a piece, several of the
instrumentalists not playing can be
seen ("hatting, whispering among
one another, one of them is brave
enough to pop open a book and
start reading. The relaxed atmosphere makes it hard to believe that
these students will be performing
with the Vancouver Symphony
Orchestra in a week's time.
For this rehearsal Berinbaum is
trying something different, the
brass section is placed on the podi-
ums left and right of the stage. The
effect is stunning visually, but I
soon find out that it doesn't work
"I can't tell when the downbeat
is," complains one musician. Soon
after Berinbaum calls his brass section back down to the stage to rejoin
the rest ofthe ensemble.
What the ensemble has been
rehearsing is their contribution to
this year's a-Xrts Fest, a concert series
entitled Basically Brass. This year is
different—the UBC Wind Ensemble
will be performing a collaboration
with two other groups, the
University of Calgary Wind
Ensemble and the Vancouver
Symphony Brass Ensemble.
When asked about the collaborations with tlie two ensembles,
Berinbaum comments on Ihe
uniqueness of this collaboration.
"This is the first time that Ihe
Vancouver Symphony brass have
played as a unit at UBC, by themselves and not as part of the orchestra."
The concert; will also provide students with another unique opportunity. "Most of the Vancouver
Symphony Brass section are teachers here, so a lot of our students
study with them," says Berinbaum.
But for many students this will be
the  first time they will have  a
chance to perform with them.
The collaboration of two bands,
the Vancouver Symphony Brass
and UBC's Wind Ensemble, is an
exciting feature claims Berinbaum.
"Whenever you have two groups of
wind players playing against each
other it's antiphonal, like two different choirs."
The collaboration has also influenced the choice in music, which is
a collection of both modern and
Baroque pieces. The pieces have
interesting and varied origins. The
first piece was originally composed
by Handel for two wind bands and
the second piece, by Giovanni
Gabrieli, was originally meant to be
played in SL Mark's Cathedral in
Venice by organ and trombones,
the only instruments allowed in
churches at the time. The first half
of the concert will be finished by a
modern piece composed by Gordon
Jacob in 1951. Originally meant to
be played in London's Royal Albert
Hall, the piece features alternating
movements between the brass and
the rest of the ensemble, topped of
with a finale played by the whole
Following the intermission, the
University of Calgary's wind ensemble takes the stage to play two
pieces. Strauss' Allerseelen and a
piece by another modern composer, Phillip Sparke. The end result is
a performance which Berinbaum
describes as "a very unique situation."
In fact, it is the concert's uniqueness which should draw students to
the concert "It's the only opportunity when they'll have a chance to
hear the Vancouver Brass in a solo
setting," Berinbaum says.
Another good reason to see the
concert is to see the final result of
the hours of practice that the
ensemble puts in. Martin
Berinbaum says that the ensemble
rehearses for about 6 hours every
week, and this is not including practice at home. The Basically Brass
concert has been in the works since
the musicians have returned from
winter vacation. The end result
should be marvellous.
Basically Brass is not the last of
the UBC Wind Ensemble's performances this year. The next concerts
that they will perform are on the
26th and 27th of March. The
Basically Brass series starts
Thursday afternoon with a performance by the UBC Brass Ensemble
and end with a Saturday afternoon
workshop with guest trombonist
Bill Watrous.-*
Join thousands of other students and...
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auinfo@admin.athabascau.ca ■ap/ecL,
Editorial Board
Coordinating Editor
Joe Clark
Sarah Galashan and Chris Nuttall-Smith
Richelle Rae
Wolf Depner
Jamie Woods
Richard Lam
Federico Barahona
The Ubyssey is the official student newspa
per of the University of British Columbia. It
is published every Tuesday and Friday by
The Ubyssey Publications Society.
We are an autonomous, democratically run
student organisation, and all students are
encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the
Ubyssey staff. They are the expressed opinion of the staff, and do not necessarily
reflect the views of The Ubyssey
Publications Society or the University of
British Columbia.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press (CUP) and firmly
adheres to CUP's guiding principles.
All editorial content appearing in The
Ubyssey is the property of The Ubyssey
Publications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein
cannot be reproduced without the
expressed, written permission of The
Ubyssey Publications Society.
Letters to the editor must be under
300 words. Please include your phone
number, student number and signature
(not for publication) as well as your year
and faculty with all submissions. ID will be
checked when submissions are dropped off
at the editorial office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification will be done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300
words but under 750 words and are run
according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by
Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be given
to letters and perspectives over freestyles
unless the latter is time senstitive. Opinion
pieces will not be run until the identity of the
writer has been verified.
Editorial Office
Room 241K, Student Union Building,
6138 Student Union Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC. V6T 1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301 fax: (604) 822-9279
Business Office
Room 245, Student Union Building
advertising: (604) 822-1654
business office: (604) 822-6681
fax: (604) 822-1658
Business Manager
Fernie Pereira
Ad Sales
Stephanie Keane
Ad Design
Afshin Mehin
It was a night at the opera for the Ubyssey staff. One
of their own, Joe Clark was headlining. Jo-ann Chiu
and Sarah Galashan were excited, but not as much as
Chris Nuttall Smith and Federico Barahona who wait
ed for hours for seats. Dale Lum was conducting the
orchestra when suddenly, violinists Paul Kamon and
Jamie Woods grew discontented and stabbed Cellist
Wolf Depner in the eye. Outraged, flautist Bruce
Arthur jumped in front of Depner The audience was
thrilled, and Richard Lam and Marina Antunes joined
in the fight Penny Cholmondeley singing her aria was
peeved and dragged stage hand Mike Brazao into the
fight. Suddenly the noise of the fight was broken by
the organ stylings of Todd Silver, the phantom ofthe
opera. He swooped in and revealed himself to be lost
reporter Doug Quan. Jamie Woods, Dino Heenatigh
and Ronald Nurwisah, the new three tenors were only
shocked and began to sing broadway numbers in
German. Holly Kim and Andrea Gin soon joined i-i
While Ed Mckenzie and Paul Kamon continued their
fight in the alley. Backstage, Cecilia Parsons. Holly
Kim, and Lisa Johnson could only laugh.
Corporate U, a private reality
Despite assurances to the contrary, corporate
money is affecting what we learn.
It's not that UBC professors are adamant
their students drink only 'the real thing.' It's
more subtle than that We're not talking about
the corporate sponsors who plaster their logo on
any billboard or backboard—we're talMng about
the companies that get more than exclusive marketing and bragging rights for their money.
For all the exclusive deals, endowed chairs,
dedicated buUdings and special rooms in the
library that have raised the ire of students, there
is a far more powerful force affecting our education. The argument has always been: "these
sponsors don't have any control over curiculum,
so don't worry." Well, maybe—but when it comes
to research, industry has an enourmous say over
what projects get the go ahead. The control trickles down to the classroom.
To receive substantial funding, many profes
sors are forced to cater their research to industry. These are the same professors who help
mold our minds. They teach what they know,
what they know is what they research and they
often research exactly what industry pays them
to research.
Industry doesn't usually fund pure research-
it's simply not in their interests. Besides that's
the government's job. But government is
increasingly giving only matching funds to projects with matching corporate backers. So if both
government and business are funding so-called
applied research, what happens to research
aimed at answering fundamental questions
about the world in which we live? What happens
to intellectual curiosity?
And what happens to the pure research projects that stumble across breakthrough applications? How many inventions like The World
Wide Web, the silicon chip, and particle acceler
ators came from esoteric research?
Industry is silently invading UBC's class-
rooms.in a Trojan horse painted the colour of
money. There are strings attached. While some
researchers seem to be making a killing on
grants and spin-off companies, students risk
being short-changed.
But industry has it good. It's cheaper to match
government grants and help fund research done
using university facilities than it is to run a
research and development (R & D) department
of your own. But that's exaclty what companies
like Dow and IBM have been doing for decades.
In the past, corporations had R&D departments
that included paid scientists and labs for them to
work in. Now, business can cut its own R&D
costs by partially funding university research.
It's win-win for the corporations and a few lucky
researchers. It's the more curious researchers,
students and ultimately society who lose out**
Shop referendum
repeats history
The T-Bird Shop's lease is hardly
the important issue facing students, but as we're incrurring the
time and expense of a referendum
there should be some discussion.
This controversy seems similar
to the 1989 decision ofthe AMS to
show Duke's Cookies the door in
favour of their own operation. Blue
Chip Cookies. I find it interesting
that Blue Chip is not mentioned by
the AMS executive (in its "Reasons
to Vote No") in its list of "successful
Then, as now, I get the impression the AMS executive is representing the AMS to students rather
than representing students in the
AMS. That said, I'm happy to consider the AMS position if they can
answer the following:
l.Does Blue Chip Cookies create more student jobs and pay
higher wages (in 1989 dollars)
than Duke's did?
2.The AMS says profits from an
AMS business would be "double or
more" than the income from the
TBird Shop lease. Does Blue Chip's
net profits double the amount
earned from the Duke's lease?
3.1s Blue Chip an independent
student owned business, or is it a
franchise? If so, what benefit was
there to replacing a local business
with a (foreign?) franchise? Would
the TBird Shop replacement be
and independent student business?
4.Are students substantially better off with Blue Chip than Dukes?
5.The AMS stresses increased
income. How do they actress taking
on the risks?
Sean VanderQuit
Law 1
"Canada Post Publications Sales Agreement Number 0732141 THE I I VSSfcY • TUbiDAi. FtiJBU/-* "V A "i*
The hard cases of abortions
by Erica Heathe
Abortion should be legal because
women should have the right to decide
what to do with their bodies.
Abortion should be legal because the
world is already over-populated.
Abortion should be legal for all of the
kinds of the victims of rape who become
Abortion should be legal for parents
who might end up having unhealthy babies
« © ©
Do all of these statements sound reasonable to you? If so, you may have fallen into
the trap of accepting superficial explanations that justify what is in reahty an
immoral act.
I will not conform to the media's protrayal
of abortion as simply 'removing' some piece
of tissue from a woman's body. Ask yourself,
does it really make sense that at one time in
your life you were just a piece of tissue
attached to your mother's body? We love fhe
scientific technology that enables us to have
abortions. Why then is it that we detest the scientific knowledge that proves that a baby has
a beating heart at three weeks after conception
and a functioning brain after six weeks? It is
much too painful for us to register the truth
that an unborn child is fully developed and
needs only to grow ^__^
at twelve weeks \^"^ ^\/
after conception.
How could we then
deal with the facts
that these 'pieces of
tissues' can feel thet
pain of an abortion
Would we scarifice our own fives in the
name of overpopulation? How could we
make this decision for someone else? The
fundamental right to live does not only
apply to those who are already born.
I, too, sympathise with the victims of
rape, but why is it that we assume that rape
vicitms who become pregnant will natural-
f   Perspective
ly want an abortion. Consider that a
woman who aborts in such a circumstance
may feel that she has lost even more than if
she had borne the child: "I soon discovered
that the aftermath of my abortion continued a long time after the memory of rape
had faded" (Reardon, David C. Aborted
Women: Silent No More. 1987, pp 206-
210). Many people believe that it would be
awful for a child
learn that he or
she was conceived
through sexual
assault. However, wouldn't we be proud of
our mother's courage and generosity in
raising us? A woman conceived by an act of
rape: "It doesn't matter how I began. What
matters is who I will become" (Reardon,
David C. Rape, Incest and Abortion:
Searching Beyond the Myths).
As each day goes by, the medical profession discovers new tests and experiments
that identify diseases and abnormalities in
babies within the womb. By doing this, par
ents can then 'decide what they want to do
with the pregnancy.' By taking it for granted that these babies may not be wanted, we
are assuming that handicapped children
and their parents are unhappy and
unloved. However, I do not believe that
children are less loved due to their sickness. Many parents of handicapped children say that they get back more love than
they give.
We all have a right to know the truth, no
matter how painful it is. My heart cringes
every time I think about the pain that we inflict
on our unborn babies. I will never understand
how our society has reached such a state of
misconception and immorality.
Before even developing an opinion
about abortion, research the facts instead
of believing everything you hear. Dare to
know the truth.**
Erica Heathe is a member of Lifeline,
UBCs pro-life club
An open letter to Martha Piper
Piper should be held accountable
By Christopher A. Shaw
and Jill McEachern
We have watched with growing
dismay and embarrassment your
performance on issues that directly affect the UBC community. We
refer specifically to your decisions
leading up to the APEC meeting on
25 November, your behaviour
after the scandalous events of that
day, and your comments at the
post-APEC forum on 20
January. As president, you
are the 'head' of the university and the one ultimately responsible for its
effectiveness, direction,
and well-being. Your role
as leader comes with various "perks" and, more
crucially, responsibilities. As
leader, it is first and foremost you
who must uphold the traditions of
the university and defend the
rights of all its members.
One of the foundations of our
democracy is the concept of 'ministerial responsibility.' As you well
know, ministers ofthe Crown, military leaders, ;md others in positions of respect and authority are
accountable for the actions that
occur during their tenure of office.
They are furthermore required to
be truthful and to perform effectively, in the interest of the common good. These are hard criteria
to satisfy, but ones
we  demand of our
leaders; indeed, they
might be described
as the price of leadership. Failure in any of these
regards, whether by the leader or
his or her subordinates, carries
the same penalty: The leader
should offer to resign in recogni
tion of having failed the public
interest. Although often sadly
ignored by politicians in this day
and age, this is the honourable
We believe that you have failed
the above criteria in a number of
instances. We will leave aside the
issue of whether UBC should have
agreed to host and lend legitimacy
to APEC in the first place. Even
disregarding this issue, a number
of essential point remain: (i)
Although you were not yet president when the original agreements with the government of
Canada concerning APEC were
formulated, you still had the
power and obligation to ensure
that UBC's original conditions
were met. Indeed, the
Memorandum between the Prime
Minister's Office and UBC stating
the terms governing the use of the
campus for the APEC meeting was
a building contract,  one which
contained clauses prohibiting unilateral alterations and providing
for an appeal to the courts if one
side violated the contract. In spite
of this, you failed to defend UBC's
position regarding the acceptable
use of the campus. Instead, you
capitulated to pressure by the
PMO to increase security measures and to silence dissenting
voices. This was a violation of the
rights of the UBC community you
are commissioned to represent;
(ii) you and your subordinates
failed to ensure the well-being of
the campus community, permitting, and even requesting, arbitrary arrests, ahowing assaults on
students and others, and denying
basic civil rights to all members of
the community; (iii) after the
events of 2 5 November, you failed
to address the grotesque violations of human rights which had
occurred at UBC under you administration; and perhaps most repre
hensible, (iv) you failed to
acknowledge the adrninistration's
complicity in the events of 25
November, substituting instead
feeble attempts to pass the blame
to others.
Each of the above actions by
you and your subordinates violated the trust you hold as president.
This trust is not lightly placed, nor,
once lost, easily restored by platitudes. You were hired to lead the
University of British Columbia.
You have failed in this task.
Viewed in this light, there is one
honourable action you may yet
take: For the good of the university community and to restore faith
in the principles of our institution,
We call upon you to do the honourable thing.
Christopher A Shaw is an
Associate Professor and
JUl McEachern is a PhD student
UBC Main Event for EDAW on
Thursday, Feb 5,12:30 -2:00 pmi
at SUB Theatre, Main Floor:
The new video Recovering Bodies
will be followed by a discussion with a panel of
speakers who have experience with eating disorders.
Information Booths in SUB Concourse Feb 5 & 6
For information on other events around the Lower
Mainland during EDAW see events lists in SUB
display cases until Feb 3
For further information, posters and/or leaflets,
contact the Eating Bisorder Reource Centre,""";
12   ~   13        |4
9        HO        H
LEXMARK      LEXMARK       COREL        Igjj^    I «
PRINTERS      PRINTERS       SOFTWARE      SUnwwK    .      m
123      124
w   i2tr
26      ^7
7        18
14       115
UBC COMPUTER SHOP in the UBC Bookstore
PHONE 822-4748    www.bookstore.ubc.ca Panic Disorder Group
Drs. Saper and Eveleigh
are now running group
treatment sessions for
panic disorder.
$345 for 10 evening
Call 6 67-2515
King Mahal Restaurant
Traditional Indian Cuisine . Try our
specialties: malai chicken tikka,
tandoori dishes, vegetarian, meat
lunch and dinner menus.
Dine in or take out
Open 7 days a week.
Mon-Sat llam-3pm, 5pm-ll pm,
Sun. 5-10pm
44al8W. 10th Ave. Tel/Flax 222-2253
10% Special Discount for Students
Dine in or take out
The eye of the tiger
"...train with those who do the job..."
CERTI is now accepting applications
for the following programs:
Obtain Cerifications in:
ISO 14000, First Aid and CPR, Reflexology
Programs are Co-op, Hands-On, Industry Driven
For other programs contact CERTI at
www.certi.com or e-mail: kp@certi.com
For a 1998 Fall Calendar Please Contact (905) 354-4442
7021 Stanley Ave., Niagara Falls, Ontario, L2G 7B7
I— *?.'.'.:?. ■•■> "<.. ■** :»*£" j_
CHINESE NEW YEAR in Chinatown.
Hundreds of people, spurred on by the unusually
dry and warm February weather, crowded the
streets of Chinatown this Sunday to see the
Chinese New Year Annual parade.
Afterwards, the crowds were treated
to traditional Chinese music,
fortune telling and martial arts.
Chinatown residents could be seen peeking
through windows at the parade, a few waved
banners and one resident even flew fe
a People's Republic of China flag. "
But no one seemed to notice, or even cared. This
was no time for political discussion, or protest The
crowds were too busy enjoying the beginning of
the year of the tiger.
Party On, Garth!
%. ,
*.•*"" (^* Saskatoon
Vancouver    **
"*^^y t*/       Lethbridge**'
Kelowna- r^\Y f
Save 25% on your "Reading Week" travel.
It pays to get an education and we're out to prove it. For only $15.00, anyone with a
valid student ID can purchase a Greyhound Student Coach Card. This entitles you to
25% OFF all regular fare bus travel in Western Canada. Use it over Reading Week, on weekends
or anytime! The Card is valid for one year from date of purchase and can be found at any
Greyhound depot. The offer is simple. The savings are terrific.
Get a Student Coach Card, discover the freedom of affordable travel, and party on!
*  3
.-;.. rf.,'- •>• Z
;*„ ■=-'1;T-.,v    V ,„*,
[Does not include Tern-i 2 texts';
Our mild-mannered textbook buyers have
gone even crazier and have slashed prices
$ \0 per foot!
last chance to 6AVE 31(3 on
foreign language editions,
shop-worn stock, various subjects,
supplementary reading!
Start your reference library today1.
UBC Bookstore, 6200 University Blvd.
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1Z4    322-2665


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