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The Ubyssey Feb 25, 1975

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Array 'Red roller' touted for rapid transit
If 20 UBC engineering students
had their way a silent, pollution
free, electric-powered car guided
along a track would replace the
internal combustion automobile on
city streets.
The gears' urban transit group
has devised a "dual mode rapid
transit system" as the engineering
undergraduate society annual
project and is currently seeking
money to build a prototype.
Users of the proposed inter-city
system would board their four-seat
electric cars at home and then
drive to a power rail, following a
central thoroughfare, where the
car would latch on and come under
the control of a central computer.
By pushing a sequence of buttons
on his dashboard the driver would
determine     his     approximate
destination and proceed at 35 to 45
miles per hour to an off ramp.
Once off the rail the car would
have reserve power for up to 50
miles of independent driving.
The EUS project group claims
the dual mode system provides a
compromise between inter-city
freeways and conventional rapid
transit systems since it would
combine the comfort and independence of a private vehicle
with the safety and efficient energy
use of a large-scale electrical
Group leader Basil Peters said
Monday the dual mode system
would conserve non-renewable
resources  like petroleum  and
"solve" the urban pollution
"The system will have no environmental impact," he said.
The system would eliminate the
necessity of huge "devastating"
expressways within trie city since
the two-lane power guideway could
accommodate the same traffic as
an eight-lane freeway, he said.
Our guideway could serve a city
the size of Vancouver and public
transit vehicles would run on that
guideway for those without electric
cars, Peters said.
Project group member Konrad
Mauch said a city could implement
the dual mode system as part of the
existing  road  system,   with   or
dinary automobiles following a
lane beside the guideway.
Civil engineering professor
Gerald Brown said Monday the
EUS proposal is "very relevant" to
current urban needs since cities
could implement the system in
conjunction with other forms of
But he said once North American
cities grow much beyond their
present size, downtown areas will
find it hard to accommodate independent vehicles like the
engineers' car and they will have
to build mass transit.
Urban geography professor
Walter Hardwick, a former
Vancouver alderman,  said he
Vol. LVI, No. 54       VANCOUVER, B.C., TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1975
supports the engineers' project
since it is personalized transportation attractive to commuters.
"This dual mode system has a
very valuable potential," he said.
"People have the choice of cutting
off the guideway and going under
their own power."
Hardwick said the major
technical problem facing the
project is a system for switching on
and off the guideway.
The urban transit group has
asked B.C. Hydro, the UBC grad
class council and "innumerable"
professional societies and small
businesses for money to build a
prototype of the electric car this
summer. Mauch estimates the
group will need $30,000 for the
See page 2: OFY
AND POLITICS IS SO BORING when you can't speak the language
mutters Sheep Poodle, vet 3, as he walks away disgusted with talk
—marise savaria photo
of  underground   tunnels,   credit   unions and elections. Trio at  left
excluded furry four paws who was forced to  retreat.
Long fasf but few stomach rumblings
Sixty-five people fasted at UBC
for 40 hours during the weekend
but few complained about the state
of their stomachs.
The fast at the Vancouver School
of Theology was held to dramatize
the plight of food-starved third
world nations in conjunction with
the current Bread for the World
program on the food crisis.
"The small discomfort we felt
was dwarfed in comparison to the
issues and problems we were
facing," said Greg Strong, arts 1.
"My pain and annoyance were
nothing in comparison to the incredible sufferings of the people in
Bangladesh or other nations."
Participants' only food was
water between 7:30 p.m. Friday
and noon Sunday. Most people
spent the two nights in sleeping
bags on the floor of the school's
Many of the participants were
sponsored through donations made
on the basis of how many hours
they spent fasting. One organizer
said Sunday $2,000 was raised for
the Bread for the World.program.
Speakers at panel discussions
and seminars continually emphasized a need to develop
alternative lifestyles to the current
consumptive model of Western
"Our whole belief value-system
of 'what is the good life' — the
functional value of life in Canada
— is held to be in possessing and
consuming things rather than a
certain feeling or state of being,"
said Terry Anderson of the
theology schools at a panel
discussion Sunday.
"What social pyschologists call
the 'of course' syndrome — we
never question pur values but
totally accept them. We consume
in order to produce.
"... We think of caring in an
individualistic sense when it
means changing political and
economic structures. This results
in our feelings ot inaction," Anderson said.
A change in "the ethos of the
world" must take place, he said.
Anderson's views were echoed
by participants at the fast. Said
Stefan Mochnacki,  grad  student
See page 2: UBC
Prof test
The science faculty council
Monday rejected a proposal which
would have allowed students to see
results of a new teaching
evaluation questionnaire.
The council, in approving the
questionnaire, also approved a
resolution giving professors the
right not to administer the quiz,
and to keep results secret from
other professors and tenure
Student representatives to the
council were outvoted 22-18 by
most professors attending the
Science dean George Volkoff
said the intent of the student
motion appeared to be to make a
"shopping list" of teaching quality
so students could choose profs with
high ratings at registration.
But Ron Walls, Alma Mater
Society science rep, said
publication of questionnaire
results would be "an extra aid to
students in making decisions about
professors and courses." He said
the questionnaire should also be
used by professors for comparison
among themselves and in considering tenure and promotions.
Volkoff and several professors
said they want the questionnaire to
be a "feedback mechanism" to
provide instructors with an understanding of their strengths and
weaknesses so they can improve
their teaching methods.
Some professors emphasized the
questionnaire, prepared at several
meetings of the council's teaching-
learning committee, was only a
pilot and deficiencies inherent in it
may make public results invalid.
They also noted that since
See page 6: STUDENTS
%-^.yvu*    >.§*„«*
CUPE says 'LG sabotage 'bull'
Charges by CKLG management that striking
members of the Canadian Union of Public Employees
local 686 have been sabotaging the radio station's
facilities were termed "bullshit" by local president
Ed Mitchell Monday.
"That's a typical management manoeuvre to
bamboozle the press," Mitchell said in ah interview.
He said a non-toxic smoke bomb was thrown into
the station by a "concerned citizen" not connected
with the union.
The strike is beginning to have serious effects on
the station's operations, he said. Scab personnel
working in the AM station now are also working in the
FM station, Mitchell said.
He added that CKLG has suffered a great loss of
advertising since the strike began Feb. 1. Most of the
advertising now being carried on the station is
national advertising, Mitchell said.
"They've also doubled their security guards."
Only the two issues of sick benefits and a union
security clause remain unsolved, he said.
"We are absolutely inflexible on the union security
clause," Mitchell said and termed it "the absolute
minimum we will accept."
The local president said he felt the strike will not
have to last much longer. But he added that the union
is "perfectly prepared to continue to prosecute the
strike if necessary."
Mitchell declined comment on the union's talks
with the B.C. Federation of Labour about having the
radio station declared "hot" by the federation. Page 2
Tuesday, February 25, 1975
Food weapon manipulates poor
The food crisis is not only a case of feeding
the hungry, but a situation where all the
major political powers are involved, an
international trade researcher said Monday.
"Developed countries are using food as a
political weapon to manipulate underdeveloped countries," Reg McQuaid told
a SUB audience.
McQuaid is a researcher for GATT-FLY,
an organization set up to monitor government action on the General Agreement on
Trade and Tariffs.
"GATT-FLY, which has been operating
for two years tries to represent third world
countries in trade policies by listening to
what they are saying and being a voice to
the Canadian government and people," he
McQtfaid, who represented GATT-FLY at
the world food conference in Rome in the fall
of 1973, said much was discussed there but
nothing was done.
"Food aid, in relation to emergencies such
as famine and drought, was brought up but
it was hard to finalize how much aid was
needed because countries were afraid to tell
how much they needed," he said.
This was because "grain producers would
take note of the shortage and increased
demand and raise the price."
"The present system makes it hard to
allocate to developing countries," he said.
"An early warning system in countries
where monitors would know the yield and
when famine would strike could not be
agreed on by the Communists because they
didn't want the Westerners to know their
Another proposal was for an agricultural
development fund to be set up in which
countries would donate a certain amount of
money to be invested in developing countries.
"The United States asked oil countries to
donate money because of their recent fortune in petro-dollars," McQuaid said.
"But they refused saying it was unfair
because the U.S. had a greater overall
The big question is who would control
allocation of the funds.
McQuaid said a world bank would be set
up and controlled by the countries who lend
the money.
"This means, rich countries such as the
U.S. who donate large sums would be able to
foster economic interests of big corporations and take advantage of developing
countries," he said.
The U.S. has supported regimes or dictatorships such as Chile and South Vietnam,
where military or economic interests lie, by
providing economic support.
"What foreign aid amounts to is getting
rid of agricultural surplus with no regard to
the third world country," said McQuaid.
OFY grant wanted
From page 1
The grbup has also applied for a
$10,000 Opportunities For Youth
grant to carry out a survey of the
acceptability of the dual mode
system in Vancouver during the
"We are trying to determine the
psychological acceptability of the
system," Peters said. "If people
freak out we will make changes."
The urban transit group will
apply for $600,000 from the federal
government's $100 million urban
demonstration project fund to
build a half mile working guideway
somewhere near the university in
the summer of 1976.
The group's tentative site for the
track is Imperial Road on the
University Endowment Lands.
Mauch said he hopes the track can
be ready for the Habitat 76 urban
settlements conference so representatives from the world's major
cities can see the system in
He said that if the project
receives support from different
levels of government the system
could be operating by 1990.
"We are expanding from the
original engineering project,"
Peters said. "We are going to
make this an interdisciplinary
thing and, we want to work with
people from other faculties."
UBC fast is action
From page 1
rep on Alma Mater Society
council: "I think it's very important to be here, especially with
regard to lifestyle, though that
word sounds rather faddish — our
method of living.
"Unfortunately what we want in
our liberal democracy is totally
incompatible with aims of helping
the Third World. The subject of
lifestyles  is  very  relevant   to
political and economic systems."
Co-op Radio correspondent
Patrick McMullen said of the
motivations of fast participants:
"It's action, the action is important, to live the lifestyle you
think is important.
"I think this fast is important,
really important. I came because
there is a community of people
here with which I wanted to share
this experience.
Left Coast Review
final deadline March 1
This is your last chance to be published by the
major A.U.S. literary magazine. The magazine
wants poetry, prose, essays, photographs,
drawings and new ideas for old editors. Neither
be left out in the cold, nor burned out and
Put out today!
Opening Ceremonies
Thursday, February 27,
12:30 Clock Tower
Dance to Sunshyne
Thursday, February 27,
9:00 p.m. SUB Ballroom
AMS Card Please  Refreshments!
Sponsored by U.B.C. Intramurals
% *^\
Something fo"cheefs"abouf:
Now the glorious beer of Copenhagen is brewed right here in Canada.
It comes to you fresh from the brewery. So it tastes even better than ever.
And Carlsberg is sold at regular prices.
So let's hear it, Carlsberg lovers. "One, two, three . .. Cheers!" Tuesday, February 25, 1975
Page 3
NDP says talk, don't spend $$
The New Democratic Party
government will cut down on its
social service spending next year
to promote better public relations,
human resources minister Norm
Levi said recently.
In a speech here Friday, Levi
tacitly admitted past hastiness in
his department which led to
mistakes and public alienation
from department policies.
So Levi said the government will
"not... be expanding our social
service programs next year, but
instead we'll move slower than we
have been."
"We don't want to rush ahead
with social programs and get
locked into unexpected problems,"
he told a group of students in
Buchanan 106.
The move is part of a province-
wide public relations campaign to
explain government policies to the
people, Levi said.
"We've been travelling around
the province since last September
trying to set up the dialogue we
talked about during the election
but we feel we haven't achieved
yet," he said.
"If we talk to groups like you we
can tell if our policies are touching
—matt king photo
NORMAN THE FOREMAN, otherwise known as human resources minister Norm Levi, spoke to students
here Friday as part of what he termed the increased public relations campaign of the provincial
government. People just don't understand the government policies, said Levi. For enlightenment, see above.
people and touching people is what
our party is all about."
This year's budget is pegged at
$384 million, he said.
Another reason for the slower-
moving program is the economic
situation in the province, Levi said.
"This is partly due to the current
economic situation, because social
services involve large expenditures and when you're
helping people it's very difficult to
accurately estimate the cost," he
"We want to hire more qualified
people who can help us take a look
at our basic objective which is to
redistribute the wealth in this
province more equitably and
suggest some better ways to approach this before we commit
ourselves further.
Getting more money to low income groups is the NDP's big
challenge but the government
wants to review its efforts so far
before taking more steps, Levi
"This process will see public
hearings in the future on day care
centres and other human support
operations," he said.
The NDP will also use these
hearings to allocate more community control to human resources
projects, said Levi.
"This is difficult, however,
because people say we won't give
them enough control, like in the
field of day care for example, then
when we offer it they don't want to
accept the responsibility," he said.
NDP ministers and their aides
retired to a remote B.C. resort over
a year ago to discuss their failure
to adequately explain their policies
to the public and make a positive
impression with the press, Levi
Out of that meeting came the
decision to travel the province,
sound out the public regarding the
NDP's performance and establish
a discussion, said Levi.
Aid mismanaged
The Canadian government is
mismanaging its international aid
programs and especially its
assistance to Bangladesh, a UBC
professor says.
Anthropology prof Bob Anderson
told an audience a Bread for the
World fast Friday that officials of
the Canadian International
Development Agency (CIDA) are
sending food allocations to underdeveloped countries with little
creativity or thought.
He said the officials "pride
themselves in that their budget
lapses by March" and they are
able to have spent $730 million
granted them at at the beginning of
the fiscal year.
One way they spend their money,
said Anderson, is to pay $15,000 a
day to keep the ship Amoco Cairo
anchored in Vancouver port while
waiting for a slow shipment of
third grade wheat generally used
for cattle feed.
When the ship is finally loaded
with the low grade wheat and
arrives at Bangladesh, the food is
its hold probably won't even get to
the humans it is supposed to feed,
he said.
"CIDA exercises no control after
the wheat has been delivered to the
dock — they can only observe and
advise," he said.
Anderson said the Bengali
government has mixed-up
priorities which provide most of
the food to government officials
and agencies and least to "landless
' laborers in the rural sector where
there is the greatest food shortage."
He indicated that with a little
imagination, ships could be quickly
loaded with first grade wheat —
yielding almost twice as much
flour per pound as the third grade
wheat   being   sent  —   and   send
money to private agencies who
would know where the greatest
needs are.
The Amoco Cairo shipment is
one-sixteenth of a $25 million three-
year CIDA aid program for
Ed student
with arson
An 18-year-old first-year
education student has been
charged in connection with arson
fires which caused about $5,500
damage at UBC in January.
An   RCMP   spokesman   said
Wednesday that police, acting on a%
tip, searched a student's room in*
Totem Park residence and found
"boxes and boxes of matches."
"This guy apparently liked to
light matches," the spokesman
He said the arsonist apparently
lit the fires after returning to UBC
on a bus from downtown Vancouver. The first fire, set in an
education building annex, caused
about $5,000 damage to chairs and
office equipment.
A second fire set the same night
in the Totem Park women's lounge
caused $500 damage.
Besides the arson charge, the
student also faces three counts of
wilfully setting a fire likely to
cause a structure to burn, one
count of theft under $200 (a fire
extinguisher) and possession of
stolen property.
Due to appear in provincial court
March 10 is David William Amm,
Nootka House 669.
Dean says power corrupts — he should know
GUELPH (CUP) — Former
White House counsel John Dean
says the Watergate scandal has
shown him power can and does
"The people in the White House
who abused power had to do so
after they learned how it could be
used," Dean told an audience at
the University of Guelph during his
first Canadian speaking appearance.
Dean said if Watergate hadn't
happened he would have left the
executive branch in 1976 with a
misconception of how the system
"If we'd got away with the cover-
up who knows what the next
president would have got away
with," he said. "Maybe others will
learn from my mistakes, whether
in corporations or in government."
During a question period
following his half-hour presentation, Dean said in time people
will look past the black cloud of
Watergate and see Nixon as an
intelligent man.
"Part of the problem is the
system which encourages ambitious people," he said. "But there
were some of us in the Nixon administration who did get policies
through that we thought were wise,
such as the new drug legislation.
"Although there were misguided
loyalties and ambitions I didn't
spend all my time doing dirty
He told the crowd that the boos
he got at lectures were just an
example of the "horrible
retribution feeling" people had
toward all the people involved in
Criticizing the press for blowing
up the question of his lecture fees,
ranging from $3,000 to $3,500, Dean
said this was just another example
of retribution.
Dean's fees have come under fire
by members of the press and the
public who feel he should not be
making money speaking about a
crime he helped commit.
"I wish I could appear for free,"
he said at the beginning of his
lecture, "But I spent 16 months cooperating with my government
trying to unravel Watergate, and
for 15 months, I was unable to
work. I found it quite expensive,
and I'm in pretty serious debt."
The reason behind Watergate, he
said, was the "do it yourself,"
attitude in the Nixon White House.
He said that if Hunt and Liddy
hadn't been caught in the
Watergate burglary, they would
have been caught somewhere else.
"Getting caught was an accident
that would have happened sooner
or later," said Dean, "and it should
have happened earlier."
Dean said, however, there was
no discussion of a cover-up, but
that it, "inevitable that they cover
up. Every action was a cover-up,"
he said.
"The whole situation was chaotic
— when something came out from
under the rug, we swept it away,"
he said. "It was catch as catch
can." Page 4
Tuesday, February 25, 1975
A truly relevant (grad) editorial
The grad class meets today to
decide how to spend all that money
they squeezed out of us graduating
students at the beginning of the
And while we generally urge all
students to attend the thing, in this
case we send out special messages
to all arts and science students to
go to the meeting.
The vastly important and
earthshaking decision (by the way,
there's a Sign indicating a
tongue-in-cheek statement — namely
-) — which should have been
introduced into The Ubyssey long
ago) to be made at the meeting
concerns composite photographs.
Yessir, those large plaques
gathering dust in the back hallways
Just a reminder that there's only
one more day to go in the exciting
Ubyssey editor sweepstakes.
Students interested in running
for Ubyssey editor for the 1975-76
term must have their nomination
forms into The Ubyssey office, SUB
241K, before noon Wednesday.
Any student is eligible to run for
the exciting, unpaid position. So
far, Ubyssey city desker Doug
Rushton and news desker Gary
Coull have signified their intentions
of running.
Only Ubyssey staffers are eligible
to vote in the election. People
who've hung around the paper for a
while qualify as staffers. In case of
any question, the final decision on
who is to vote rests with staff
whose status on the paper is
beyond question.
A screening session will be held
noon Thursday in the office and
the election will start early next
week and continue for all days, to
allow all staffers a chance to vote.
Name of the winner will be
published next week. Don't hold
your breath.
of some campus buildings showing
the dental condition of nerds who
used to go here, are once again
under scrutiny.
This time the grads have to
decide whether to allow money to
go for that purpose. Some smaller
faculties want them and that's their
privilege. If students currently
resident in their halls want to be
called nerds by future Ubysseyers
that's up to them.
But the way the proposal stands,
everyone would be subsidizing the
pictures of these mistaken few
through a complicated equalization
system which would allocate general
revenue funds for the purpose.
And that means science and arts
students will be paying for smaller
faculties' shots.
Now that's not too good,
because some of us have a definite
aversion to nerds lining the campus So    everyone   get   out   to   the
hallways.     Especially    those    poor general meeting and put the money
.     0 or.              , to some good purpose,
souls who  make  8:3a a.m. classes And   *hen   abo|jsh   the  fee   for
and   have enough to  put up with next year.  It's a useless gesture at
anyway. best.
XG ad boycott necessary
If you've listened to "boss "
radio station CKLG, you'll notice
their commercials now take
about as much time on the air as
this editorial takes up space on
the page.
But there are still a few
advertisers plugging away on their
almost commercial-free airwaves.
We   suggest  you  turn  on  the
strike-bound radio station at
some point — as long as you
don't admit it to station types —
and listen to who's advertising.
Then proceed to boycott
remaining advertisers.
The people striking for their
first contract deserve our
'Nuff said.
WAiTihJc, ton. sons
MO/?£   OF  THIS
Let them
eat nothing
Boy am I glad to hear that the
earth "could feed 40 billion
people," Harold Bronson is a fool.
I do not dispute the man's
estimate of world food production
capacity, but I do not want 40
billion people on this earth!
Sure the earth could feed them,
but could she fuel them? Could she
clothe them? Could she supply the
raw materials for their industries?
Could she survive their environmental damage?
Come off it, Bronson. And come
off it all you "humanitarians" who
are trying so damned blindly to
achieve just that end.
If we were truly responsible
world citizens — that is, worried
about the total global effect of
human actions and interested in
making this place habitable for
future generations and not just for
our immediate ones, — perhaps we
might see the futility of our so-
called "humanitarian actions."
I think by now most rational
people have concluded we are
We can feed the starving people
of this world until they are full and
burping but where will that get us?
We will have more of them to feed.
I know that's an old line, but it
appears to be the truth.
I see two possible solutions. We
can initiate a huge — and I mean
huge — educational program to
teach the Third World how to stop
population growth and how to feed
To me, this is the more
"humane" approach in terms of
loss of life.
But in terms of its scale, we are
talking about commandeering
whole cultures, tearing millions
from their customs and religious
backgrounds, not to mention
providing trillions of outside
dollars in technology and personnel and a great deal of time.
I make no value judgments on
destruction of culture and custom,
but I do question the feasibility of
such a program, no matter how
energetic it is, resulting in a
satisfactory manner other other
than statistically. In a world which
pretends it is an integrated global
community, making it a reality is
too far-fetched for me.
And the other alternative?
. Get out of there and let nature
take care of it.   (Oh,  you coldblooded thing you).
Nature is cold-blooded and
ruthless, but it is very effective
when not tampered with.
David Wilkinson
geography 2
Yeah, and Heil jolly old Hitler
too — Staff.
FEBRUARY 25,1975
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
228-3977. Editor: LESLEY KRUEGER
Just the names of today's swashbucklers: Berton "Keelhaul 'em"
Woodward, Doug "Camel fart" Rushton, Gary "Nine tails" Coull, Mark
"Plank walker" Buckshon, Lesley "Starry-eyed" Krueger, Chris "Lead
weight" Gainor, Mick "Mike" Sasges, Alan "Doorway" Doree, Marcus
"Gigolo" Gee, Greg "Kinky" Strong, Debbie "Avant garde" Barron, Ross
"Ticker tape" Barlow, Terry "Overfed" Donaldson, Tom "Viking"
Barnes, Cedric "Titsy" Tetzel, Carl "Unwashed" Vesterback, Eric
"Onan" Berg, Ron "Volcano" Binns, Marise "Twelve-year-old" Savaria
and Matt "Mutt" King. And thanks for the help and encouragement to
Dick "Broken Ruler" Nixon.
The ad for the Canadian Armed
Forces in Thursday's Ubyssey was
rude and sexist. Its glorification of
the military function reminded me
of the childish antics of the
propaganda film Reefer Madness;
the presumption that this is a
man's organization is a violation of
any equal rights code. Please
refrain from publishing such
bullshit in the future.
Stephen Partington
science i
Mr. David Jiles wrote inquiring
why the fast was announced for
Gage towers and then switched to
Vancouver School of Theology. I
should like to answer this inquiry.
The Bread for the World committee had originally planned to
have the weekend fast in the SUB.
SUB management committee had
accepted this proposal. Due to
heavy prior bookings for this
weekend with dances and other
conferences this seemed unwise to
tax the building further.
We made inquiry to the students
in Gage Towers requesting that the
fast be held in space not often used
in this building. The preliminary
response was favorable. The
regulations set down were such
that it was impossible to hold the
fast in this space. These regulaions
were as follows: 1. There be no
outside advertising of the event
other than to Gage Tower students.
2. The building would be open to
us save for the time between 2 a.m.
and 7:30 a.m. These regulations
were impossible to meet when our
objective was to gather people
from the university community to
spend 40 hours together.
We are grateful that Vancouver
School of Theology came to our
rescue. They were willing to turn
adequate facilities over to us for
the whole weekend. There
generousity and consideration is
much appreciated.
Donald Johnson
Bread for th*
World Committee
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be signed and
Pen names will be used when the
writer's real name is also included
for our information in the letter or
when valid reasons for anonymity
are given.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity,
legality, grammar or taste.
Letters should be addressed to
the paper care of campus mail or
dropped off at The Ubyssey office,
SUB 241 K. Tuesday, February 25, 1975
Page 5
Poet9 walrus share much
Standing in front of a blackboard covered
in mysterious mathematical hieroglyphics,
well-known Canadian poet Alden Nowlan
read from his work for an hour in the
Buchanan building Wednesday.
It was a suitably absurd location for this
big, bearded man from the Maritimes who
looks extraordinarily like a cross between
Malcolm Lowry and John Berryman and
who reads in a gruff, almost horase voice,
explaining how much he feels he has in
common with a walrus.
The softer side of his work which deals in
themes   of  love  and   memory   is   coun-
terpointed by a  darker,   more cuttingly
sardonic view of the human condition, in
which man is merely
a machine designed
for the manufacture
of shit.
Born in Nova Scotia in 1933 Nowlan left
school at 12 to work at a variety of jobs
before settling down as a journalist for 10
years — a profession which he admits has
influenced his crisp, fluent and often
anecdotal poetry. In the last five or six years
he has become a very prolific writer and
most of what he read here was from this late
phase in his career.
Originally a regional writer composing
neat tabloid portraits of rural life in the
Maritimes, he has now changed direction
toward a more private confessional mode,
often characterized by a grim, piercing
Critics sometimes misunderstand him, he
remarked, explaining that the title poem
from his 1969 collection, The Mysterious
Naked Man, was not a personal fantasy but
an account of an incident he covered as a
Nowlan's roots with the Maritimes have
been sustained by his association with the
University of New Brunswick, though he
refers to his  distance  from   the  preoc
cupations of literary criticism, and exhibits
an ironic detachment from the Canadian
literature explosion:
a novelist who dislikes me
and despises my work
writes me a letter
almost every week
so he'll have his carbon
to sell to the archives
of a university.
Nowlan is not entirely enthusiastic about
public readings unless performed by a
master like Allen Ginsberg, and prefers
poetry to be approached on the page itself.
The danger is that simplicity may be taken
for superficiality, as he explained to me
when I went to interview him the day before.
As we huddled over beer in a room on the
35th floor of the Sheraton Landmark
surrounded by luggage and views of a
dismal downtown skyline, I suspected that
Nowlan was also a man who cherished his
privacy and preferred to avoid the public
Page Tuesday
Collaboration begets rarity
The now yearly liaison between the
creative writing and theatre departments
has a rare offspring — original plays. Not
only are these original drams they are
Canadian as well. This year's product is,
again, a trio of short one-act plays entitled
The Happy Hour, The Lamp, and Inspector
Sly's Second-To-Last Case.
Our campus is fortunate in that it is
blessed with a small, intimate experimental
theatre: the Dorothy Somerset Studio. This
The Happy Hour,
written by Dennis Foon
directed by Ian Fenwick.
The Lamp,
written by Kelly Robinson
directed by Mary K. Ziems
Inspector Sly's
Second-To-Last Case,
written by Kico Gonzalez
directed by Scott Swanson.
cozy second stage practically forces the
actors to sit in the audience's lap. This
proximity breeds a stimulating atmosphere
that is warm and friendly.
The first play performed was Dennis
Foon's chronic television parody, The
Happy Hour. As the audience started filling
up the floor,'they were warmed-up by the
Happy Hour Band. This loose grab-bag of
musical alley cats succeeded in entertaining
everybody with their off-key enthusiasm.
Lips Griffiths' Casablanca solo; Angel
McCall's, Fingers Loptson's and Doc
Fenwick's riotous rendition of Dream,
Dream, Dream wrung waves of applause
from the appreciative audience.
Dennis Foon, the author of the play,
ushered in the huge cast of 11 actors and
four alley cats by getting into the act himself
and starting the show as Mr. Max, the TV
show's producer. The play unfolds as a live
audience, candid camera gag where some
unsuspecting victim is made miserable and
then suddenly hammered silly silly with a
windfall of cash and commercialized hoopla
designed to make him "happy". The
inherent sadism in this video voyeurism is
brought the surface when the Happy Hour
winner is savagely trussed up and thrown
off stage by Max and his studio company
after he has served their purposes.
Nevertheless, with electric "on the air"
and "applause" sign's cueing the studio
audience, the young cast managed to lift the
comedy out of its commercial cliches and
energizes it.
Perhaps playwright Foon was interested
in exploring TV's savage, disposable rituals
in much the same manner that Andy Warhol
went to work raising Campbell's Chicken
Noodle Soup tins to an form.
In his otherwise hilarious mixed-media
dramatic sketch, the playwright, as interpreted by director Fenwick, appears to
be underlining the dangerous belief which
too many people hold today that "television
is reality" (a la the "Happy Hour treatment").
Eyeball bubblegum the acting never was,
as .several of the student actors literally
"threw" themselves into their roles. John
Carroll played the passionate and troubled
housepainter who is Max's video victim with
such intense zeal he had to be forceably
carried away. Scott Swanson starred as a
video mixture of Candid Camera's Alan
Funt and Johnny Carson as the sad gag MC
of the program (" . . . and now for O.J., the
orange juice everybody loves"). Eric Epstein's song and dance numbers as Bobby,
the expatriate housepainter gone all animal,
tended to steal the most chaotic scenes
Director Fenwick himself told the
audience the obvious when he warned them
that all three of these made-in-Canada
dramas were still only "works in progress."
Such roughcut collaboration between
playwrights and directors had taken several
months and was still in the process of
working out the original material for the
stage. Even as such, all three seemed to go
over well with the audience.
The next play was the tightly wound
drama, The Lamp, by Kelly Robinson. It
was directed by Mary Kathleen Ziems with
little dramatic action as a taut two-
character set piece in which the cast's
irritating quirks gradually develop into a
"crazy-eight" wordplay game of neurotic
and untimely death by obeying the old
man's warnings in the first place. Then all
he had to do would be to unscrew the
lightbulb without touching the switch or
better yet just smash the goddam lamp with
his shoe and get some sleep.
But for barfarts and belly laughs the final
play of the night, Inspector Sly's Second-To-
Last Case, written by Kico Gonzalez, for
sheer cliched spoof and fruitcake comedy
couldn't be topped. The audience was obviously out to be entertained and Director
Scott Swanson (the "orange juice" talent of
The Happy Hour) obviously was agreeable.
Just imagine a superserious Maxwell Smart
(Agent 86) as a detective in drag and this
ventilated fruitcake begins to fall into place
— or rather apart.
Inspector Sly slides through his Mr. Moto
bag of disguises while tracking down the sex
killer of 14 lovely young ladies.
The killer's modus operendi is to cut off
their heads and mail them to police
headquarters in a fruitcake box. Does this
sound bad enough?
When playwright Gonzalez, get his big wet
ball of wax rolling the only way to keep it
going is too further complicate an already
hopelessly complicated plot. He adds
vengeful .45 calibre doctor's wife and
passionate Nun, who turns out not to be one.
"I still keep wondering why the frightened
young man didn't circumvent his shocking
and untimely death by obeying the old man's
warnings in the first place."
Two men are forced by circumstance to
share a room together in some seedy Sally
Anne somewhere. The young man is played
angrily by Andrew Pick and the
domineering old codger by Anthony Dunn.
They continually duel with one another as
the lone electric lamp in the scene
mysteriously refuses to turn itself off —
even when the young man pulls out its
wallplug. The drama hinges on the fear
inspired warnings of the older man to the
younger, ordering him not to touch the lamp
switch. Another man apparently did so the
previous night and died violently.
Thus this static drama of circular wor-
dgames and strategems of patience nervously stretches itself out. Eventually the
generation gap cliche of the tragedy takes
its toll as the embittered young man lashes
out in rebellion against the elders warnings
and "lies". He attacks the ghostly lamp
switch and is course zapped.
The play packs undeniable dramatic
tension for all its verbal card game excesses
but one could not help questioning its cold
and quick convictions. Playwright Robinson
himself wryly confesses that his play's
protagonist, played py Pick, is the only one
who understands the high voltage finale^
I still keep wondering why the frightened
young man didn't circumvent,his,shpckiqg.
The fragile energy level of the shaky farce
by its sheer inplausibility alone seems to be
The cast of Inspector Sly all seemed to
have passed that giddy point of letting go
and the audience enjoyed their overextensions tremendously. Derek KeurVorst as
the stumblebum Inspector who eventually
arrests himself plays his Sly to the last
crumb of the fruitcake — decisiously.
Norman Leggatt's Doc Crock twitches
spasmodically across the stage like a worm
on a hook and gleefully "finishes off little
odds and end at the office" with a butcher
knife. Susanna Bell-Irving's energetically
overacted presentation of the homicidally
romantic Mrs. Willis was, in a worn word,
hilariously funny. As indeed were they all
hilariously funny in the campy toss-off
tradition of farce for which the classic
rituals of the detective tradition are perfect
cannon fodder.
The closely packaged audience (there
were about 90 people watching in an area
that shouldn't have held more than 50)
responded well, with varying degrees of
indifference, to the whole affair. One left the
three homegrown original plays with the
knowledge they were still roughshod "works
in progress," but altogether entertaining
.dramatic bits.--......................»««.^.««.—*«.
arena of the poetry-reading circuit.
Page Tuesday: When you selected Ypres:
1915 for that John Robert Colombo anthology How Do I Love Thee, you referred
afterward to a change in the direction of
your work. Could you elaborate on that?
Alden Nowlan: I've felt for quite a few
years that my work was changing very
distinctly. But I suppose perhaps in very
subtle ways that I would be much more
aware of than anyone else — possibly an
intensification of things that were there
I've been showing much more of a
preoccupation with the language. It's much
more precise, much more stripped, much
more bare.
PT: Do you see any resemblances in this
respect with the direction that Cohen's and
Layton's work has taken?
A.N.: I like their work very much. But I'm
not really sure that there is a parallel.
With some of my work there's only an
apparent simplification in that it's really
[precision. You have to read it more
I love the epigraph to one of Norman
Mailer's novels — "Do not understand me
too quickly" — because I've often felt that
would apply very much to a good deal of my
PT: Are you hostile to academic
dissection of your work?
A.N.: Not really. Basically I suppose the
feeling I would have about it is a kind of
amusement. But I don't mean that in a
perjorative sense.
I get a kick out of it. It doesn't really seem
to have any connection with me. I find it
PT: What about critics finding things
which aren't there?
A.N.: I don't worry about that either,
because you know I assume that if it's there
for them, it's there.
In fact the more things they may find, the
more entertaining I find it.
There's the possibility it's the kind of thing
which might well have been there in my
I read criticism of my own work the way I
might watch The Collaborators on
PT: Howdo you feel about being on the
poetry-reading circuit again in the light of
your poem A Mug's Game?
A.N.: I wrote that a long, long time ago,
when perhaps I was more vulnerable than I
am now, and therefore much more
belligerent. I respect that, I think of that
poem as practically a kind of unintentional
PT: Do you give much time to reading
Canadian literature?
A.N.: I used to read an enormous amount
of poetry and fiction and I still do read a
substantial amount. The thing is that in
Canada the literary community is a kind of
extended village.
You meet writer after writer, so you find
yourself reading an enormous amount of
writing simply because you've met the
person who wrote it. You know, you see the
book and think "well what is old so-and-so
doing now" type of thing.
PT: Do you have any plans for writing
more fiction?
A.N.: Yes, there are various things unfinished. I've done some work on another
PT: I see you've written a lot in your
poetry about drinking. Do you like reading
A.N.: Yes, I like his work very much.
Particularly his short stories.
PT: In your poem Explanation you wrote:
my best poems
don't get written
because I'm still scared.
Your later work seems much darker,
much more macabre. . . .
A.N.: Yes, I think so. I was more inhibited
at that time.
I've been involved in various things. . . .
Last year one of the things which captured
me utterly was working on a stage adaptation of Frankenstein and I think one of the
reasons why this gripped me so completely
is that compared with other sorts of writing
a play is such a communal thing.
Poetry writing is such a lonely sort of
thing. Collaborating with another writer is
not the big thing.
It's the collaboration with the actors, the
collaboration with the audience. The
collaboration with the ticket seller for that
The next poet appearing here in this
Canada Council sponsored series will be ex-
UBC  writer Lionel Kearns,   who  will  be
jjiadingfrom his work on Tuesday, March 4. Page 6
Tuesday, February 25,  1975
Post-secondary groups meet on
Ontario gov't finance proposals
Students, faculty members,
support staff and community
members of Ontario's post-
secondary schools will be meeting
at Brock University here March 7
to talk about the cutbacks on
Ontario universities and discuss
Both the Brock senate and the
Ontario Federation of Students
(OFS) have supported the conference as part of a province-wide
movement to oppose the Ontario
government's cutbacks in
university and student financing.
An emergency Feb. 8 meeting of
OFS in Toronto passed a resolution
supporting the conference and
pledging to "communicate the
same to students on individual
A tentative agenda adopted at
the meeting included workshops
and general plenary sessions with
discussions of particular interest to
Student reps wanted
From page 1
questionnaire use was not being
made compulsory, a requirement
for public disclosure of results
would discourage most profs from
using it and therefore prevent
researchers from gathering a
large enough sample to see if it
In other business, council approved regulations that almost
double the number of "course-
pairs," of which only one member
can be taken for credit.
Thirty-four new pairs were
added to the list of courses
described as overlapping. Senate
must ratify the council's decision
before changes are made in the
The students also announced
their intention of requesting the
university administration look into
student representation on faculty
promotion and tenure committees
and revise student representation
on other committees and elected
individual institutions and general
provincial problems such as
student loans and university
All delegates were invited to
submit informational position
. papers or proposals for action. The
steering committee urged that
they should be submitted by mail
as soon as possible.
Organizers predict about 500
delegates will attend from across
the province. Publicity for the
conference is already under way at
many colleges and universities
across Ontario.
The conference is open and
organizers have invited anyone
interested in post-secondary
education to attend. Accommodation, meals and day care
will be provided.
Participate in the
Mens and Womens Hockey
Mens Basketball - Nitobe Classic
Womens Awards Banquet
Gage Gardens        Mens Rugby
Dance to Sunshyne
(No Cover Charge)
Sponsored by U.B.C. Intramurals
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One of These?
If so ... why not drop in and
tell us about it?
We can provide expert
diagnosis, quality workmanship
and reasonable rates.
Mutt Book
Apr. 04
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Apr. 25
Mav 02
Mav 30
Mar. 03
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July 04
Mar. 03
May 16
June 06
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*Mav 21
Mar. 21
* May 21
July 02
Mar. 21
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May 30
July 04
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•June 04
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•June 04
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•July 02
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•July 30
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No. of
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•July 30
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Dec. 19
Oct. 20
Swiflighf ABC
Charter flights from Canada's Number One Holidaymaker.
Room 100B S.U.B., University of British Columbia
Vancouver 224-0111 Tuesday, February 25,  1975
Page 7
To post-secondary education
Ontario denies more aid
TORONTO (CUP) —The Ontario
government has rejected the appeals of university presidents,
faculty groups, student
organizations and its own advisory
council to increase provincial
support for universities in 1975-76.
In a statement released here,
James Auld, minister of colleges
and universities, said, "in view of
the prevailing economic climate
and the current need for fiscal
restraint, it is unfortunately not
possible to increase the global sum
already allocated to universities."
(See earlier story page 9.)
According to universities the 7.8
per cent increase in the basic income unit for universities will not
allow institutions to maintain
existing educational standards.
Cutbacks in physical resources,
non-academic and academic staff,
and a draining of institutional case
reserves has already taken place
on some campuses and is predicted
for all institutions next year.
Student groups have been
pressing for an increase in funding
to avoid the expected effects of the
provincial cutbacks on students'
According to Auld's statement,
the newly formed Ontario Council
of University Affairs, which is
appointed by the minister and
which has little student and faculty
representation, joined in calling
for an increase.
The council advised that it would
have been desirable for the
government to provide an additional $16.2 million to the
university system to offset inflationary trends, to maintain or
improve existing levels of service
and to accommodate predicted
enrolment increases.
But Auld rejected this advice and
has decided to give universities
$576.5 million for next year, which
is $500,000 less than he originally
said he would allocate.
Chris Harries, spokesman for the
Ontario Federation of Students,
was criticial not only of the
rejection of any further increase,
but   of   Auld's   decision   not   to
Indians leave
Ottawa mill
OTTAWA (CUP) — The occupation of the old carbide mill
here by a group of Indians and
Innuit that began Sept. 30 has
A spokesman for the natives
occupying the 'Native People's
Embassy' told an Ottawa meeting
Feb. 17 that the group was pulling
out of the mill and would be looking
for another location for the embassy.
Complaining of police and
government harassment, he said
that although native people had
"gotten their heads bashed in"
during the Sept. 30 skirmish on
Parliament Hill with the RCMP,
they had also brought to national
attention the plight of the native
But the recent change of mind by
the government which led to the
natives being given notice to
vacate the mill made it impossible
for the group to stay on at the
Prescription Optical
Because — when you look good .
So do we . . .
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 26th - 12:30 p.m.
University Faculty Chamber Players
THURSDAY, FEB. 27th - 8 p.m.
Hans-Karl Piltz, viola d'amore
"The 'unequal Trio Sonata' of the Baroque Period"
SATURDAY, MAR. 1st - 8 p.m.
Joan Frost, soprano
TUESDAY,-MAR. 4th - 8 p.m.
Frank Stemper, composition
All programs are performed in the Recital Hall
of the Department of Music
allocate the full $568 million.
"When Auld announced Nov. 18
operating grants of $568 million, he
was criticized by all members of
the university community because
it was insufficient to offset inflation
and rising enrolment levels," he
"Since then the rate of inflation
has further accelerated. Meanwhile Auld seems to have lowered
his total allocation by a half million
He called this a "graphic
illustration of how open Auld is to
listening to what the university
community across the province
has to say."
Harries feels the "stinginess" of
the provincial government in
financing post-secondary
education will jeopardize much of
what has been built up in the past
He said the massive investment
in education that was made during
the '60s is actually being endangered by the present cutbacks.
Harries cited examples where
institutions were forced to allow
expensive capital and equipment
to deteriorate due to lack of
maintenance funding.
"There is no doubt that the
government's strategy is to say
that people don't want education,
and that education is an expensive
luxury item.
"We agree that education is
expensive. We oppose wasteful
spending in this sector. But we also
feel that people know the value of
education and want opportunities
to be expanded, not reduced.
"We intend to take the whole
question of opportunities for
education and the quality of
education to the public and ask
them to judge," he added.
Cleaned Lenses
Reg. 199.50
NOW 99s0
Ascepticized Lenses
Reg. 250.00
NOW 15000
of   SOFT
Eye Examinations Arranged'
For Information & Appointments"
First Division
Reg. 39.95
NOW 19"
1557 W. Broadway, Vancouver - 732-3636
552 Columbia St., New Westr. - 525-2818
OUR 18th
Starts Thursday, Feb. 27th
for three days at all five
bookstores. Lots of bargains and a discount, of
20% on all standard stock;
919 Robson       684-4496    670 Se,mou. 635-3627
Poperbockcellor 681-8713     1050W.Pender     688-7434
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Have we
got a
for you ...
Bree, Edam,
Emmenthal, Havarti
Smoked, Swiss,
Chedders, and
many more ...
Thuringia Liver Sausage
Tongue Sausage
Hannov Mettwurst
Original Weiner
Crakow Ham Sausage
Beer Sausage with Garlic
Summer Sausage
Bavarian Meat Loaf Baked
Genoa Salami (Fabulous)
Polish Rings
Westfalian Salami
Westfalian Ham
Black Forest Ham
Paprika Speck
Kosher Style Corned Beef
Morta Delia
With cheese, ham, tomato, pepperoni, onions,
and mushrooms...
Make your own with our
own special variety of
cheeses and cold meats
— add tomatoes, peppers,
pickles. .. give it the
Ice Creams
12    flavors    to   choose
from . . . Page 8
Tuesday, February 25, 1975
meet here
Social Democracy in Power
will be the subject of a two-day
conference this week at UBC
examining milquetoast radicalism
from a left perspective.
The conference opens Friday
at 7:30 p.m. in the SUB party
room with a discussion of the
conference topic with UBC
political scientist Phil Resnick
and SFU economics prof Michael
Lebowitiz, and a three-member
Hot flashes
Saturday at 9:30 a.m., same
place, The Working Class and
Social Democracy will be the
subject with Mordecai Briemberg
of the Western Voice newspaper
and union organizer Sharon
At 10:45 a.m., B;C. Economic
Development Minister Gary Lauk
is expected to take part in a
discussion of The Economic
Policies of Social Democratic
Governments. Also speaking will
be Cy Gonick, pu blusher of
Canadian Dimension magazine.
A series of workshops will
follow   in  the  afternoon   leading
to a concluding discussion asking
Can Social Democracy Lead to
Socialism? There will also be a
party in the grad centre at 8
Limited day care facilities can
be. arranged by calling Phil
Resnick today only at 228-4354.
The fine arts department will
give a free showing of the film,
R. Buckminster Fuller —
Prospects in Humanity, at 4 p.m.
Wednesday in IRC 5.
'Tween classes
Meeting,' noon, SUB 205B.
Peter   Benson  of  ICABC speaks,
noon, Angus 110.
General    meeting,    noon,    SUB
clubs lounge.
Law   students   give   free   advice,
noon to 2:3a p.m., SUB 234.
Film:   Problem  of   Power  about
Colombian     poor,     noon    SUB
Reg   McQuaid   speaks   on   Food
and    Distribution,    noon,    SUB
Seminar   with   Hank   Rosenthal,
Economic  Development of Peru,
8 p.m., SUB  117.
Policy   and   finance   resolutions,
noon, SUB 119.
General       meeting,       7      p.m.,
International House.
General   meeting,  noon,   IRC   1.
Testimony meeting, noon, SUB
Film: Tanzania — Path for a
Nation, 7:30 p.m., International
House 402-404.
Faculty trio in concert, noon,
music building recital hall.
Women in the Third World
discussion with Buddhist nun
and Clare Culhane, noon, SUB
Dale Maranda on Spiritual
Responsibility, noon, Buch.
Rod Stewart special with Lost
George Huey, 3 p.m., radio 650.
Film:     Trade    Unions    of    the
Third World, noon, SUB 205.
William   Powrie   on   Appropriate
Technology        for        Food
Production,        noon,        SUB
Seminar on Hunger In India
with East Indian Defense
Committee, 8 p.m., SUB 119.
African students discuss world
changes from African
perspective, 8 p.m. SUB 117.
Women - and    the    Law,
Mildred Brock lounge.
Seminar    on    Euthanasia,
noon,   IRC  G41-42.
Demonstration        with        Dr.
Richardson,  noon, JBM   lounge.
EUS  presents three speakers on
technical  development  of  Third
World, noon, civils 310.
Musical     program,    noon,    SUB
Donovan Jones of Douglas
College on parliamentary
procedure, 8 p.m., Hyatt Hotel,
Due to the decision of students' court on Feb. 12, 1975, the proceedings of the
grad class meeting on Feb. 7 were rendered null and void. This necessitates the
holding of another general meeting and we urge all students graduating in 1975 to
attend. No events can be planned and no money can be spent without the consent
of the students at this meeting.
by William Shakespeare
MARCH  7-1 5 (Previews — March 5 & 6)
8:00 p.m.
 2:00 p.m.	
Student Tickets: $1.75
Support Your Campus Theatre
To Renew Your
Government authorized agent i
HI, I'M GORD BUNTAIN a fellow student
reminding you there are just four days left to
renew. So avoid the lineups. See us today.
17th and Dunbar
3308 Dunbar
ir 41st and Granville
5731 Granville
OPEN 9 A.M. TO 9 P.M. 261-2421
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional fines 25c.
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $1.50 & 35c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m„ the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.8., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 — Coming Events
A Scandinavian sport, similar to car
rallying, involving land navigation
by foot through unknown countryside with map and cumpass. In
most orienting events there are
simple to advanced courses,
Capilano College Event. Start from
2055 Purcell Way, North Vancouver
on Sunday, March 2nd from 10-12
Further     information     from     Robin
Draper, tel: 929-1772.
10 —For Sale — Commercial
C   &   C   SPORTS
20% Off Everything
Big  Savings On  Ice   Skates,
Hockey Equipment,  Racquets.
Gym  Strip, Etc.
Open 4 p.m.-6 p.m. Mon.-Wed.
4 p.m.-9 p.m.  Thurs.  & Fri.
9 a.m.-6 p.m.   Saturday
3616  W.  4th  Ave.
Best prices paid for furniture and all
miscellaneous items. 224-7313.
11 — For Sale — Private
$1.00. Outside SUB Cafeteria today.
FOR SALE — 1970 Mazda Station
Wagon. City tested to October. Burns
oil and clutch is beginning to slip.
Will sell cheap, a steal at $700 or
best offer for anyone who can get
it cheaply fixed. Otherwise runs well,
looks well. Call 682-5186.
15 —Found
25 — Instruction
30 — Jobs
40 — Messages
LONELY Young African Gent wishes
to meet lady companion and friend
for outings. Reply to Box 40 "The
Ubyssey",  Rm.   241  SUB.
65 — Scandals
70 — Services
Thousands   of   Research   Papers.
Custom   Research
Student Resume Services
1969 W. Broadway, Vancouver, B.C.
Phone:  738-3714
Office hours: 1:00-5:00 p.m. Mon.-Sat.
Visa, Application Photos
U.B.C. SPECIAL $1.95
Regular $2.95
(Negative Free)
3343  W.  Broadway
Phone: 732-7446
80 — Tutoring
85 — Typing
Typist. Experienced Technical and
Thesis Typing. Reasonable Rates.
Mrs.   Ellis  321-3838.
and  Marine  Drive).  268-5053
TYPING DONE in North Vancouver
home. Reliable service, reasonable
rates on your essays, etc   988-7228.
EXPERIENCED TYPIST available. Typing of any kind. Margo McFee, 304—
1965 W. 8th Ave., Vancouver. Phone
home. Essays, Thesis, etc. Neat accurate work. Reasonable rates. 263-
FORMER LEGAL SECRETARY available for home typing of essays or
transcripts.   Phone   922-1928.
EXPERIENCED ESSAY, thesis typing
from legible work. 738-6829, ten a.m".
to    nine    p.m.    Quick    service    short
90 — Wanted
grad-students looking for new place
to   live,   May  or  Sept.   321-6482.
Use Ubyssey Classified
TO SELL-BUY- INFORM Tuesday, February 25,  1975
Page 9
Windsor U needs cash
but gov't says no way
>al memo.
University of Windsor says it is in
dire financial straits because of
Ontario government policies, but
provincial government spokesmen
say everything will be fine if
universities just "tighten their
belts a bit."
This province-wide debate,
which has been occupying
university administrators and
provincial education bureaucrats
since last November has moved to
University president Leddy
brought along his facts and
figures; deputy education minister
Gordon Parr brought along his
wildly different calculations; and
student president Tim Doyle was
given the chance to articulate the
grim prospects for students.
The meeting was billed as an
"open forum" for the discussion of
university financing, and was
sponsored by the .Windsor Faculty
Leddy began with a rundown of
how the university's finances got
into their present condition. He laid
the blame squarely on the financing formula used by the province,
arguing that it had not been increased enough during the recent
past to cover the costs of inflation.
He also criticized the formula
because it was tied to enrolment
levels. Windsor had a decrease in
enrolment two years ago and
Leddy argued that his university is
still short of revenue because of the
enrolment decline.
Other university presidents,
however, notably W. C. Winegard
of the University of Guelph, have
been arguing that universities with
increasing enrolments have been
losing even greater amounts of
money due to "slip year" financing
policies of the province.
Under provincial "slip year"
regulations, universities are paid
on the basis of last year's
enrolment for the current year.
According to the arguments of
some university presidents, this
means that institutions with a
declining enrolment are better off
Despite   this   aspect   of   his
Tuition Fee
Income Tax Receipts
Dep't. of Finance, New
Admin. Building. 8:30
a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
argument being at cross-purposes
to those of his colleagues at other
institutions, Leddy maintained
that the government increase of 7.4
per cent per student for next year
is insufficient to allow the
university to provide the same
quality of education as it has in the
past. Leddy also predicted staff
cuts as a means of reducing expenses.
Student president Doyle said that
staff cuts were a matter of considerable importance to students
and decrease in staff or facilities,
he said, would ultimately effect the
quality of the students' education
as well as harm their chances for
future jobs.
Deputy education minister Parr
reiterated the government position
that "the increase of 14 per cent for
most institutions" is sufficient to
maintain educational quality if the
universities "will tighten their
belts a bit."
Parr did not elaborate on the
methodology used to arrive at the
14 per cent increase estimate, but
"I hover* hod
such a good time ot
o new movie in years."
OLD Perer Oogdanovich,
AUDITORIUM New York Magazine
7 8. 9:30
UBC film
society       „^,^
presents     THE
"The role of the university
student in Israel's struggle."
February 25,
12:30-1:30 p.m.
Vb««vI»0»\b#«    presents
the Third in a series on
as a model for development
FILM the long promised
"Tanzania — Path for a Nation"
SPEAKERS on Tanzania; economics, politics, etc.
ALSO: A run-down on job availability
WED. FEB. 26th, 7:30 p.m.
For more info call 731-0153 evenings    228-4886 mornings
divergent figures being cited by
universities and by the province
have become a regular feature of
the current debate.
The province, to sustain its
argument that the increase is
sufficient, always cites the 14 per
cent "over-all" increase in
speeches and press releases.
Some observers suggest that the
government will not soften its
stand on funding until the issues
are placed before the public.
IFEB. 27-MAR. 2
IThu. & Sun. 7 p.m.    /DC
I Fri. &Sat. 7 & 10
1 Note change in show times.
I SUB Theatre
I a subfilmsoc presentation
Show A.M.S. card
I1 " & STORAGE '""
2060 W. I Oth
1 Director.
2 Activity Co-ordinators
1 Referee in Chief
1 Publicity Director
1 Director
1 Activity Co-ordinator
1 Referee in Chief
1 Publicity Director
1 Director
inquiries and
applications may be
made to the following
prior to March 7, 1975:
N.N. Korchinsky,
Intramural Co-ordinator
War Memorial Gym
how do we call off the game?
A workshop to explore the rules of the sex role
"game". What is the game doing to us? Can we call
off the game? Do we want to?
friday, feb.28
8:00-10:00 p.m.
Saturday, mar. 1
9:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.
Lecture Hail No. 1
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre
Participating: Betty Roszak, co-author of
Masculine/Feminine; Carol Gordon, free lance
writer; Marvin Lazerson and John Allan of UBC's
Faculty of Education.
Fee: $15. Students $12. Cheques payable to the
University of British Columbia; mail to
Registrations, Centre for Continuing Education,
UBC, Vancouver, V6T 1W5.
Sponsored by the Women's Resources Centre,
Centre for Continuing Education, UBC.
Keep mo/e promi/e/
you've made to
your/elf with a
liltle help from a
bonuy Jovingy Pccounh
British Columbia
Dave Stewart, Manager
Tina Verveda, Loans
10th at Sasamat— 228-1141
Tuesday, February 25, 1975
Funds drying up for athletics
In part three of a series on
athletics at UBC The Ubyssey
sports staff looks at the financial
plight of the varsity teams.
Next week the obstacles to the
athletic program generating more
of its own revenue will be
The current financial bind which
is threatening to overwhelm the
UBC athletic program should come
as a surprise to no one. Never
much more than a. shoestring
operation, the athletic program
has been pushed to the breaking
point by the current financial
Revenues have been pegged to
an almost constant level for a
number of years, but- the cost of
airfare alone has pushed expenses
up beyond the reach of a limited
budget. Something will soon give,
if alternative sources of funds are
not found.
The bulk of the athletic budget
comes from the five dollar athletic
fee levied against each student at
the beginning of each year. This
amounts to roughly $110,000.
The second largarest contribution is the $62,035 the administration anted up this year.
The rest comes from gate receipts
from the mens' hockey, basketball,
Sat. March 1 - 10:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.
Sun. March 9 - 12:30 p.m. to 2:30 p.m.
Sat. March 15 - 10:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.
For Further Information 228-2767
football and rugby teams. The total
this year was $181,040.
Spread over 39 sports, this isn't
enough to go around. To simply
maintain the status quo an additional $30,000 to $50,000 is going to
have to be raised. But the status
quo is not good enough. Most teams
travel by bus or private car and to
many, the amount of money
provided for meals is a joke.
To make matters worse, the
mens' rugby, wrestling and soccer
teams and the volleyball and field
hockey teams of both sexes are
playing at a high enough level of
competition to warrant the
establishment for them of Canada
West leagues. The only obstacle is
travel monev.
To adequately meet requirements the budget needs to almost
be doubled. Clearly this is not
possible under the existing
The most often quoted source of
funds is the provincial government, through the universities
administrative funds. The
government makes a major
contribution to the much vaunted
athletic program of Simon Fraser
University. Much of the scholar-
Call 684-1098
and it has a lot to do with
projecting a man's personality.
Ask us about our protein body waves and any information on how to take care of your hair and skin. We also
retail the very best products on the market for the needs of your skin and hair. ^mmmM
We are located on the U.B.C. Campus. Come and see us. By appointment only —
call 224-5540.
Nobs Parlons Francais
ship funds at SFU's disposal are
received from the government.
With respect to the proportionate
sizes of the schools UBC and the
University of Victoria are
drastically underfunded.
The usual dodge around this
argument is that the administration's contribution is
closer to $200,000. This figure is
reached by pointing out that
coaching personnel, athletic office
staff and building and field
maintenance comes from administration coffers.
As most of the coaches are on the
physical education staff, and the
facilities are used by P.E. and
recreation as well as intramurals it
is doubtful that these expenses
would be cut if the athletic
program were done away with.
In any case the provincial
contribution to UBC athletics is
still far less than it is for SFU.
Deputy president Bill White said
that ■ he does not foresee a
significant increase in the administration's contribution in the
near future. He pointed out that the
provincial government does not
seem to be inclined toward increased spending on the universities.
Where long range prospects are
concerned, White could not make
any conclusions.
"We have to plan on a year by
year basis. That makes it tough to
make any long range plans."
The federal government is
another possible source of money.
Sports Canada is increasingly
leaning on the universities to
supply world class athletes for
Canada's national teams, but its
contribution to the universities is
Presently, its financial contribution is to pay the way to
national championships for team
sports, and half the fare for individual sports.
It seems they will support those
who have already achieved near
world class status but neglect the
development of such athletes.
Where financial support is most
clearly needed is at the conference
level, especially for the Atlantic
conference and the Canada West
conference. Both of these circuits
must travel a great deal by air in
order to maintain even a limited _
The Skiing Canadian.
number of leagues for selected
In the Canada West conference,
leagues only exist for three mens'
sports — football, basketball and
hockey — and women's basketball.
These four sports constitute the
biggest drain on the athletic
budget, with a total of $64,331
dollars. Most of this money goes to
With the ever-increasing cost of
air travel and the more or less
frozen athletic budget significant
cuts are going to have to be made.
The financial assistance given to
national championships is a foot in
the door of Sports Canada for intercollegiate sports. It appears this is
the direction to move for travel
Two other areas of fund raising
are available, both right inside the
university community. Neither the
faculty nor the staff are involved in
It was pointed out that the
faculty is heavily represented
when it comes to policy making but
contributes nothing in the way of
money. The intramural and
recreation programs are open for
faculty participation and their
involvement in extramurals is well
The only lacking in their participation in the athletic program
is a willingness to put their money
where their mouths are.
The staff, except for one or two
who act as coaches, are completely
left out of the picture. The
university is supposed to represent
a community and the staff is an
integral part of the community.
Since sport is something which
offers involvement to all members
of the community, it is imperative
that the entire community participate in all aspects of sport.
AUCE spokesperson Farleigh
Funston said that there seems to be
a favorable feeling among the staff
to get involved and that the
membership may be taking the
matter up soon. Funston also said
that the union may be able to offer
some financial aid, although it is
not overendowed with money itself.
Bus Phillips, men's athletic
director, also reacted to staff involvement favorably.
Seepage 11: FINANCE
Molson Canadian.
Brewed right here in B.C. Tuesday, February 25, 1975
Page 11
Wrestlers walk away with title
It is next year time for a growing
number of UBC teams but for the
wrestling team the best may be yet
to come.
The Thunderbird matmen spent
last Friday and Saturday in
Saskatoon winning the Canada
West championships. This Friday
they travel to Calgary for the
Canadian Intercollegiate Union
Tournament, and in two weeks
time it will be the national open for
both freestyle and Greco-Roman,
to be held right here at UBC.
The 'Birds took seven division
titles of the 12 up for grabs in
Saskatoon. Of the weight classes
they didn't win they picked up a
second and three thirds. Overall
they racked up a total of 88 points.
A marked improvement over last
year when they scored 71 points to
edge the University  of  Alberta
Golden Bears by a single point for
the title.
The University of Saskatchewan
Huskies pulled in second with 60
points. The Bears were third with
50 and the University of Calgary
Dinosaurs were fourth with 33
As has been the pattern all
season it was the heavy weight
classes that gave the 'Birds the
title. Of the seven divisions over
—cedric tetzel photo
PENNEY MAY UBC's outstanding highjumper is seen in hurdling action Saturday at Jericho. May will be
leading the women's track team as they compete at the Canada West championships at Saskatoon this
week. Although the high jump is her best event she will compete in five others.
Cuttell and May lead
'Birds at Canada West
The UBC track and field team
will be in Edmonton this week
competing for the Canada West
track and field crown.
Last year the UBC women took
first place, while the men came in
second to the University of
Saskatchewan Huskies.
UBC coach Lionel Pugh says his
team lacks depth to be really
competitive. They have lost the
services of Ken Elmer and John
Beers, who are no longer with
UBC. The women's team have also
lost Jean Sparling through a
hamstring injury and Thelma
Wright through graduation.
Despite these losses, assistant
coach Bill Morrish says the men's
team can still come away with a
win, while the women's team,
according to Pugh, will be hard
pushed by the other universities
and may find their unbeaten
record hard to defend.
Pugh says the lack of depth his
team is suffering from is a result of
their policy rather than losses
through graduation.
Pugh says there are at least four
athletes on campus now who are
capable of strengthening his team,
but he would rather concentrate
the money on those genuinely of
the team.
"We'd like to give the chance to
those who really want to run . . .
those who want extramural sports
and want to profit from the
"We must use the money with
integrity and not u^e it to give
people trips."
On the subject of the four
athletes he has in mind who have
enough native talent to strengthen
his team, Pugh refuses to name
them and says he would not "con
them into the game."
As for those on the team, Morrish
says Rick Cuttell will be very
strong in the 50 metres, long and
high jumps. Cuttell, who took four
events at the all-comers indoor
track meet last Saturday at
Jericho will be competing in six
individual events plus a relay in
Powerhouse for the UBC women
will be Penny May who will be
competing in five events and a
relay. Her best chances will be in
the high jump.
Also featured in the team will be
Dean Bauck in the high jump.
Bauck finished third at the annual
Knights of Columbus indoor track
meet last Saturday, just behind
world indoor and outdoor record
holder Dwight Stone and ex-UBC
jumper John Beers.
Another strong link in the UBC
team will be the women middle-
distance foursome of Sheila Currie,
Caroline van de Poll, Leslie Stubbs
and Linda Rossetti. The four came
second, third, fourth and sixth in
the 800-metres event in the recent
B.C. championships.
Pugh says the team is now a
tightly knit unit and the spirit in the
team is simply fantastic. If they
can turn this spirit into wins they
will come back from Edmonton
with yet another Canada West title
for UBC.
With or without the Canada West
title, Pugh is still prepared to stick
to his earlier prediction that there
will be at least four or five athletes
from the present team who will see
Olympic action in 1976.
From page 10
"We have found enthusiastic
support of many of our teams by
members of the staff, and their
participation in the entire program
should come as a matter of course.
I, for one, would welcome it," he
The total number of faculty and
staff on campus is roughly 3,700. If
they were to contribute the same
fee as the students, that is five
dollars per year, it would mean
almost $18,500 more for athletics,
an amount large enough to make a
significant difference.
The extramural athletic events
have the potential to generate
funds. Several factors inhibit this
development and they will be
looked into later in this series.
These possible solutions point out
that there are additional revenue
sources available without asking
the students to up their contribution.
150 pounds the 'Birds took six.
Joe Machial almost won the first
title, at 109 pounds, for UBC but as.
he was half a pound too heavy at
weigh-in, the title went unawarded.
Jon Davison, the Canada Games
silver medalist, took the 118 class.
Then the 'Birds went hungry as
Ken Izumi was runner up to the
Golden Bears Tom Mayson at 126
pounds, and Russ Pawlyk of the
Bears took the 134 pound title, Jeff
Lee placed third for the 'Birds.
The Huskies got their only title at
142 pounds as Grant Collins won,
Fred Delgiglio took another third
for the 'Birds in that event.
Gus Romanelli came off a
serious midseason injury to take
the 150 pound class. Mike Richey
won the 158 pound title. Craig
Delahunt won at 167 pounds,
Philleppe Markon captured the 177
pound division, and George Richey
ran away with the 190 pound title.
The Dino's Frank Troughton
gave the 'Birds a momentary
setback as he took the 220 pound
division. UBC's Bob Gainer placed
Then Kyle Raymond capped the
weekend's performance off by
taking the heavyweight class.
All the Canada West division
champions will be in Calgary for
the nationals next week. Bob
Laycoe, the UBC coach, was
named the coach of the Canada
West team.
With seven representatives in
Calgary the 'Birds have a chance
to pick up the second national title
of the year for UBC.
It is somehow indicative of the
budgetary problems of the athletic
program that the wrestling team
had to go off campus to raise $700
in order to make the trip to the
Chuck Mitten Realty, Howard
Carter Pontiac, Pizza Patio, Fred
Asher Men's Wear, Adidas
Canada, Phi Gamma Delta
Fraternity, Molson's Brewery,
Trolls Restaurant, the UBC
Alumni Association, Dr. Ken
Walters and Gene Kiniski all
chipped in to make the trip
UBC slips into second,
Thunderettes take first
It was closer than a gnat's
whisker, but the 'Birds managed to
squeeze past Alberta and Calgary
and into the Canada West league
finals against UVic after weekend
basketball action.
UBC too two easy wins from
Saskatchewan, winning 84-67 and
96-73 Friday and Saturday.
But their fate wasn't decided
until the results of two games
between the Dinosaurs and the
Golden Bears were finalized. The
'Birds required a split there, and it
was supplied them, but not without
a little tension-filled waiting
"The atmosphere was pretty
tense," said manager Clarence
"It was scary," said 'Birds
guard Chris Trurnpy.
And if it hadn't been for some
over-enthusiastic Calgary fans,
UBC would be looking to next year.
In the first game of that series,
the Bears and the Dinos were tied
with seconds left when a Calgary
player scored to send Calgary in
front. But the basket was
disallowed because a number of
fans had stationed themselves in
the court area as the basket was
being attempted.
The score was disallowed by the
referees and the game went into
overtime. Alberta won it, and
Calgary won Saturday's game to
complete a split that almost didn't
The UBC wins over the Huskies
were pretty standard fare. UBC
broke well, and continued to improve their use of 6'11" Mike
McKay to dominate the boards.
Steve Pettifer led UBC scoring
both nights, hitting 22 and 36 points
in the two games to finish league
play with the Canada West scoring
title, well ahead of Lethbridge's
Phil Letham.
The 'Birds now head to Victoria
to play the Vikings for the right to
advance to the national finals in
"We're confident about playing
them," said the voluble Trumpy.
"Maybe too confident."
The Thunderettes clinched a title
which was merely a formality any
way, beating the Huskiettes 57-37
and 57-43 to finish the season with
an impressive 19-1 record.
The wins didn't come as easily as
the scores indicate. The Thunderettes seem to find it hard to get
up for games against other teams,
and they all flat at once.
"Our game on Friday was pretty
scrambly," said coach Sue Evans.
"Carol (Turney) returned, and she
didn't fit back in smoothly. And on
Saturday, we were behind by five
points at halftime. I really gave the
girls shit, and they responded."
The Thunderettes outscored
Saskatchewan 37-12 over the final
20 minutes.
Carol Turney led UBC, as usual,
taking 22 points Friday and 19
points Saturday to finish on top in
the Canada West scoring race.
UBC is thus one of five teams to
have qualified for the national
tournament in New Brunswick
March 6-8. The Thunderettes are
the first seed in the tournament on
the basis of their dominant play the
last four years. The two bottom
seeds play off to eliminate one
team, leaving four in an
elimination type tournament.
"Motivation should be a problem
for a national tournament," Evans
said. "If the girls do get complacent, they'll get more of the
verbal whip to get them going."
The competition at the tournament will be teams from
Quebec, Winnipeg, the University
of New Brunswick, and probably
Laurentian University as the
Ontario rep. Competition will
probably be strongest from New
Brunswick and Laurentian. Both
teams have been dominating their
respective areas this season.
The hockey 'Birds wound up a
successful season on the weekend,
losing the CWUAA title to the
nationally No. 1 ranked University
of Alberta Golden Bears.
The series went down to the wire
as the 'Birds forced a third and
deciding game on Sunday by
edging the Bears 2-1 Saturday
night. The Bears won the opner 5-2
Friday night.
The Bears won the title on Howie
Crosley's second goal of the game,
snapping a 3-3 tie late in the third
The Ubyssey will do an in depth
end-of-the-year wrap-up Thursday,
featuring highlights of the season
and possible changes for next year. Page 12
Tuesday, February 25, 1975
But UBC progress varies
Profs research food crisis
This is the third in a four-part series of
articles on the world food crisis.
Premier Dave Barrett has adopted a
policy of pushing the province's universities
to be more involved with the community and
its problems. As one of the most urgent
problems facing the world community is the
food crisis, it seems appropriate to ask what
effect this crisis has on research and
academic priorities at UBC and what
contributions the university is making to the
understanding and solution of these
The. question is received with some
defensiveness. "We've been working on
problems connected with the world food
"You can't walk in
and demand that
UBC solve the world
food crisis."
situation fop-years. You can't walk in and
demand that UBC solve the world food
crisis," said Michael Shaw, dean of the
faculty of agricultural science.
Shaw pointed out that it is difficult to fence
off the projects that could be beneficial to
the less developed countries. For example,
basic agricultural research and economic
study is not directly related to the current
problem in the short run, but it could have a
long-term effect.
Shaw emphasizes basic agricultural
training. "Any impact we have is through
the people we train" he says. "And here the
research component is the key. I am all in
favor of community involvement, but not at
the expense of the quality of research."
What sort of research is being carried on?
UBC research administrator R. D.
Spratley says he does not have a complete
list or analytical breakdown of the research
being carried on at UBC, so he "can't answer as to UBC's record on research in this
area." However, he thinks "that a lot is
being done."
The research in progress is varied. Barrie
Morrison, director of the UBC institute for
Asian research, is planning a comparative
study of food production systems in monsoon Asia. He wants to discover why some
agricultural systems have been more
successful, and to study the problem-solving
structures of these successful systems as
possible models for other areas.
Morrison is especially intrigued by the
fact that there are examples in Asia of
"ecologically-tuned" agriculture, where
two calories of energy are expended to get a
40 calories return in food value, as compared to the Western farmer who spends 40
calories for each calorie output.
Warren Kitts, chairman of the animal
sciences department, is attempting to find
ways to use sawdust as cattle feed, since the
cellulose content of wood is similar to that of
Food science professor, Shuryo Nakai,
has developed a method to isolate the
protein in rapeseed, and is working to make
it into a meat substitute to compete with
soya. He has had two special problems in
making it fit for human consumption.
The first, which he has solved, is that the
rapeseed protein is toxic. The second is that
it is greyish in color, and so would not be
palatable for most North American eaters.
He has had some difficulty in getting money
to work on the color problem.
"The government sees it as food for
animals, not for humans," Nakai says.
Plant science geneticist Cedric Hornby
has developed a fast-ripening strain of
tomatoes suitable for B.C.'s short growing
However, the genetic characteristics that
make for quick-ripening seem to go hand in
hand with those that make for deformity.
Since most B.C. consumers prefer their
tomatoes round, Dr. Hornby has to spend
more time, and money, spearating these two
genetic features.
Another geneticist, John Hodges of animal
science, is working to develpp better strains
of beef and dairy cattler He says that by
being able to convert things like grass and
hay to meat and milk, the cow gives man
access to energy that would otherwise not
enter the human food chain.
This is important for Third World countries, though this advantage is nullified by
the North American practice of feeding
cattle with grain. Hodges says that a major
BARRETT ... community involvement.
part of his work is developing the genetic
concepts to create better cattle that will be
adaptable to Third World environments.
Relevant studies turn up in unlikely
places. In the commerce faculty's international business division, Geoffrey
Hainsworth is working on theories of
development. His concern is to explain the
process of development, and thus to identify
the factors that keep many of the world's
countries underdeveloped.
He says there is no dominant theory at
present, but that any theory is a mix of internal factors, like lack of resources, and
external factors like colonial exploitation.
He feels that his function is one of
publicizing unjust situations.
"Most governments are influenced by
well-meaning people," he says. "I want to
make conditions well known in order to
embarrass the governments involved."
Asked whether the purpose of the international business division is to help
developing countries or to train Canadian
businessmen to make shrewder in-
\e.stments, division chairman James
Tomlinson is somewhat evasive. "Our
position is that if you don't help the country,
you are not making a shrewd investment,"
he says.
Though research is going on, there are
problems and shortcomings. Agricultural
economist George Winter says that money is
being spent on the wrong things in Canada.
"Agricultural research is slow to turn
around and redirect itself in Canada," he
says. "Much too much money is being spent,
for example, on potatoes, a product that we
know very well, and not enough on a high-
protein product like faba beans."
Part of the problem is a lack of coordination in research priorities and funding.
Basic agricultural research is funded by
the National Research Council. More
practical research is financed by provincial
and federal departments of agriculture, the
Canadian International Development
Agency and private foundations.
Research projects are generally initiated
by professors who then have to justify their
project to their peers and to funding
agencies in order to get research money.
Thus, in order for beneficial research to be
"Part of the problem is lack of coordination in research priorities
and funding.
> ?
done, there has to be an interest on the part
of the researchers, and a willingness on the
part of the funding agencies.
"Funding is always a problem and unpredictable" says Morrison.
Speaking for the agricultural researchers,
Hodges says: "The interest is there.
However, federal and provincial governments should be willing to fund projects that
will be helpful overseas, not just those of
local interest. This is of particular importance because of the large numbers of
foreign grad students here."
Better strains of beef and dairy cattle are being sought to help food crisis.
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