UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 15, 1988

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Government   may
revamp student aid
I IV S I 1) E :
Storm    the
wall   photo
... SEE PAGE 6
By Laurel Hyatt
OTTAWA (CUP)—The Federal government may soon introduce a
new student loans program that is
easier for students to use, according to the Canadian Federation of
Chair Tony Macerollo said he
hopes the new plan will give students more time to repay their
loans, introduce grants and bursaries, and give more assistance to
disabled and part-time students.
The advisory group to secretary of state David Crombie was
set up last October "specifically
designed to discuss student
loans? said Macerollo, one of the
group's members.
The group should make
"immediate changes to Canada
student loans for the 1988-89
school year? he said.
The CFS information officer,
Catherine Louli, said "They're
looking at a complete overhaul of
the student loan system."
A change is needed in the way
the government gives financial aid
to post-secondary students, Macerollo said, because the system is
too rigid for students to repay their
In statistics released by the
secretary of state, 37 per cent of
students who negotiated a Canada
student loan graduated with a
debt of more than $5,000.    The
average debt load was $4,796.
"The Canada Student Loans
Act has served us well since 1964,
but i t's clearly time to re-orient our
approach for the future? Crombie
said when he announced the establishment ofthe advisory group.
If the federal government
provided better summer job programs with higher wages and
more positions, the debts wouldn't
be so high, said Macerollo. "It's
always been the position of the
CFS that the best form of student
aid is a summer job?
Macerollo said he's disappointed with the stagnant funding
ofthe Challenge '88 program given
by youth minister Jean Charest.
A secretary of state official
said Crombie "intends to bring
about changes as soon as possible"
to the CSL. Mary Meloshe, the
head of the department's student
assistance directorate, said the
program must have "more flexible
repaynment terms and greater
accountability" to students.
The value of outstanding
loans the government guarantees
for students totals more than $2
billion across Canada, Meloshe
"That represents a significant
amount of money and federal investment? Meloshe said. "It's a
question of public money being
The ministry's advisory group
is made up of representatives from
national student organizations.
"An exciting part of this whole
committee is it's the first time ever
(that there has been) direct student input into Canada student
loans," said the CFS' Louli.
The minister can make minor
policy changes to CSL, said Macerollo. But an overhaul will require amending the Canada Student Loans Act.
Meloshe said it could take a
while for this kind of bill to pass in
"Whenever you are talking
about legislation, you have to look
at the broader government timetable? she said.
The ministry's group is also
working with the council of ministers of education, made up of the
provinces' education ministers, to
discuss what level of funding the
provinces can contribute for
grants and bursaries.
Drop off loop threatened
By Ross McLaren
and Rick Hiebert
Plans by UBC's administration to eliminate the SUB parking
loop for safety reasons have met
with resistence from angry students calling the plan a "crock"
and demanding the loop be replaced after the parkade is built.
John Smithman, director of
traffic and security, said there
would be a safety hazard if cars
entering the loop were passing
cars leaving the new parkade.
"The present traffic flow is very
hazardous? said Smithman. By
removing the loop "we're looking
to safety by trying to avoid the
danger of crossing traffic," he said.
The administration's proposal would landscape the parking
loop and drop-off area and replace
it with a smaller, covered drop-off
at the top end of what is now
Maclnnes Field, east of SUB.
But Jody Woodland, ex-AMS
vice president, said "Their reason
is a crock."
"Cars are already going past
the parking lot entrance and usually they are going in the same
direction. I don't see it as a valid
excuse? said Woodland.
AMS president Tim Bird said
disabled people and women would
be harmed as a result of losing the
SUB loop.
"This plan will adversely affect disabled people and women
who rely on the SUB loop as a safe
place to be picked up at night? said
Bird. "My one fear is that people
can no longer wait inside the doors
of SUB and watch for their ride."
Lee Grenon, president of the
UBC Disabled Students Society
said disabled students already
had restricted access to the dropoff loop, but would face more problems if the loop was removed.
"Getting rid of the loop would be
fine, if the areais made fully accessible, (the removal) isn't a barrier
in itself? said Grenon. "I'm concerned about the total elimination
of a drop-off area by SUB. We need
more access, not less."
"Wheelchair users already
use the pathways around that end
of SUB, but the removal ofthe drop
off area would be a real inconvenience to the blind," said Grenon.
Dr. June Lythgoe, director of
the Office of Women Students said
she is unsure what the final plans
would be, but is "confident that the
Physical Plant listened to student
"I hope that whatever they do
with the loop, safety for women
will be a priority. It would be essential that any drop off area to
SUB would be accessible and well
lit." Lythgoe said.
But if the plans don't meet the
approval of student groups on
campus, it may be too late to make
Smithman said as; the plan is
finalized and the lot has been tendered for construction, it "will be
difficult to get the design
"All the steps have been taken.
Construction has started but the
actual work hasn't been done.
(However) I'm hesistant to say
there's no chance for change? said
Dennis Haller, head of Physical
Plant's design and construction
division which oversees the plans,
said changes have already been
made to the plans to alleviate student concerns.
The plans for the parkade, said
Haller, include a small pickup
area with a shelter and a 15 car lot
with 20-40 minute paking meters
next to Maclnnes Field for short
term parking.
The main floor of the new
parking garage will have eight to
12 handicapped reserved stalls.
"The lower floor ofthe parkade will
have handicapped access direct to
SUB? he said.
"We've already provided 15
stalls? said Haller, "that's all we
have room for. We have altered the
plans, as of last week."
Mystified students gaze at spellbinding oracle
heather Jenkins photo
Board of Governors raise activity levy Monday
Emergency meeting results in $90 student activity fee hike next year
By Tim Strangly
UBC's student activity fee
will increase $90 from $37.50 to
$127.50 after an emergency in-
camera board of governors meeting held last night.
The funds from the fee increase will go towards the construction of a new athletic facility
for the exclusive use of varsity
athletes to be built on Maclnnes
field, east of SUB.
"The new facility will enable
us to foster exemplary athletic
teams that will rival those in the
United States," said president
David Strangway. "No longer will
the blue and gold be the doormat of
North America."
The facility will cost an esti
mated 12 million dollars and will
be funded entirely with student
fees. Project costs will come from
deficit financing and student activity fees for the next twenty
years will pay the interest and
principal ofthe 'oan.
Construction will begin in the
fall of 1988 and is expected to finish in the spring of 1990.
"This is a great moment in che
history of UBC? said AMS president Tim Bird. "It's something I've
dreamed about my whole political
The new facility will include
an indoor football field, seating
capacity of 12,000, an outdoor
running track on the roof, 14 team
rooms,   three   state   of  the   art
weight training facilities, a com-
batives room, and three squash
The new parkade under construction across from SUB will be
expanded from three to eight stories to accomodate fans at Thunderbird events. Thunderbird Stadium, which stands east of Totem
Park residences, will be leveled
and turned into a parking lot for
Students will be able to use
the new facility from 11:00 p.m. to
3:00 a.m. Tuesday to Thursday
said members of the planning
"We really want students to
get full use out of this facility because they're funding it? said Bob
Hindmarch, director of athletics
and sports services. "We feel the
hours are fair...after all you have
to strike a balance between what's
good for the school and what's good
for students."
"We anticipate a million dollars a year in revenue from gate
receipts to help cover operating
costs? he added. "I don't want
students to think we just hammered this thing through. We're
open to suggestions."
Students can air their concerns to the planningcommittee at
the following phone numbers:
Peter Brown, 688-8151; Bob Hindmarch, 228-4279; Tim Bird, 228-
3972; president David Strangway,
228-2121; UBC Real Estate Cor
poration 228-2301.
The planning behind the athletic facility has been in progress
since 1986 said board of governors
chair, Peter Brown.
"We've been planning this in
secret for a long time? he said.
"We (the BoG) feared a massive
student protest if we made this
plan public when we started planning."
Student reaction so far has
been negative towards the new
"I'm shocked and appalled,
that something like this could be
pushed through without consultation of students? said Jamie
Girks, Arts 4. "It's just another
see 'feet' page 5
VOLUME 70, Number 45
Vancouver, B.C. Tuesday, March 15,1988 Classifieds     _________]
Rates: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, S3.00, additional lines 60 cents, commercial - 3 lines
$5.00, additional lines, 75 cents. (10% DISCOUNT ON 25 ISSUES OR MORE) Classified
ads payable In advance. Deadline 4:00 p.m. two days before publication. Room 266, SUB,
UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 2A7
| A Historical Perspective
Lecture by Ahmed Safty
Ph.D. in Political Science
Lecturer at Simon Fraser
Friday, March 18,1988
International House
4:30 p.m.
MUSLIM STUDENT ASSOCIATION dinner: Pot-luck dinner to be held at International House at 6:30, after speech by Dr.
Safty. All welcome!
S155-M0.XTH: beautiful Shaughnessy
home bdrm. with own bath & laundry facilities, near 41st & Gran. Pref. N/S Fern, student 266-2636 (Lisa or Tom.)
30 - JOBS
FREE ROOM & BOARD + WAGES in exchange for after-school care of 1 child and
light duties. 228-8243.
ARE YOU ARTICULATE, concerned and
energetic? It's time to act towards preserving our environment. GREENPEACE is
looking for students to fill summer positions
on its outreach/Canvass staff. Some positions begin immediately. Call Kim 736-
35 - LOST
LOST. Oneheartin215. C'mon, G., let mein.
OK LADIES AND GERMS, a funny thing
happened to me on the way to school today...
I discovered Volunteer Connections in Brock
Hall 200 (ph. 228-3811).
2 1/2 hours in SUB - $99.
Accounting Services Ltd. 205-2678 W.
Broadway, 737-2820.
WITNESSES WANTED: Anyone seeing the
accident in which a car knocked over a man
on January 16, in front of the swimming
pool, please call Azuar at 224-5843.
EARN $20 by filling out 3 research questionnaires on personality. Each visit about 1 hr.
Call to arrange times 228-7057.
YOU CANNOT AFFORD to lose marks on
essays. Let me help you with the grammar,
punctuation, and layout of your term paper.
Rate: $15/hr. 222-2505.
program in BASIC for a few hours' tutoring.
Call 733-5689 anytime.
Word Proc. & IBM typewriter. Student
rates. Dorothy Martinson 228-8346.
write, we type. Theses, resumes, letters,
essays. Days, eves., wknds., 736-1208.
WORD-PROCESSING $2.00/page, IBM or
Apple, DTP also. ComputerSmiths, 3732
West Broadway (at Alma) 224-5242.
FAST! Word Processing $1.50/pg. daisy
wheel, draft copy provided, overnight orders
welcome. 737-8981.
MacINTOSH WORDPROCESSING: Experienced editing, reason, rates. Call Jack -
Using IBM-XT with WordPerfect #202-1515
E. 5th Ave. Call Kerry 253-8444.
discounts. Letter quality printers. 10th &
Discovery. Phone 222-2122.
JUDITH FILTNESS, quality typist, 3206
W. 38th Ave., 263-0351.
WORDPOWER - Word Processing - IBM &
Macintosh laser printouts. Student discounts. 222-2661.
WordPerfect, Laser printer, student rates.
16-1490 W. Broadway at Granville, 732-
QUICK, RIGHT BY UBC, all types $1.25/
page double-spaced. Call Rob 228-8989.
WORD PROCESSING term papers, manuscripts, resumes, etc. Whatever you need.
Rapid service avail. 738-2492 anytime.
STAR SECRETARIAL SERVICES, professional W/P at low rates Resumes $5. 299-
GEETECH - word processing 7 days a week.
Student & commercial rate.. Phone 688-
9280 - confidential!
TYPING - NO NOTICE REQUIRED. Essays, theses (low rates), resumes. Editing
and research assistance 327-0425 (before 10
LETTER QUALITY W/P from $1.75, correction and editing available, 879-8800.
Reasonable rates, student discount. Quality
printer & paper. 224-2424.
typing from legible work, spell/gram. corr.
738-6829 10-9. King Ed Bus route.
TYPING SERVICE AVAILABLE immediately for: end term papers, resumes, and
general typing requirements. Quality presentation and reasonable rates. Phone 736-
WORD PERFECT! Fast, accurate, good
printer. $2/page. 733-0688.
rates, $1.25 per page. Call Wanda evenings
at 324-2004.
WORD WEAVERS - 41st bus line, upstairs
at 101-2258 W. 41st Ave. Faculty and student rates for quality, custom word processing. FAX. Translation and transcription in
major languages. Thesis specialization on
multilingual terminals. Specialite en francais. Japanese & Chinese document preparation available. 266-6814.
Board Voting
Voting runs from
Monday March 14 to
Thursday March 17 at
5 p.m. in SUB 241k.
NOTE:aNoon" = 12:30-l:30p.m.
Arts Undergrad Society
Arts Review '88 is now accepting
submissions - deadline May 1,
1988. Include S.A.S.E. Prizes for
best fiction, poetry. A.U.S. Office,
Buch A107.
Maranatha Christian Club
The truth about the New Age
movement. Noon, SUB 205.
UBC Personal Computer Club
IBM Meeting: Noon, SUB 211.
MAC Meeting, Hebb 10. ATARI
Meeting: Noon, Scarfe 1021.
Native Indian Student Union
Native Awareness Days: Education in the Native Community.
Panel speakers: First Nation
Houses/Learning, NITEP, Native Law Student Assoc., UBC
Native Indian. Noon, SUB Auditorium a
UBC Chaplain's Association
Sister Sheila Cairns of the Ce-
nacle: "The Experience of Longing? 12:30 p.m., St. Andrew's
Lutheran Student Movement
Co-op Supper, 6 p.m., Lutheran
Campus Centre.
UBC   Environmental   Interest
5th lecture in  series on "Our
Common  Future." Dr. Jeffrey
Marliare, Vancouver Aquarium,
on  "Species   and  Ecosystems."
7:30 p.m., Woodward Room 2.
Native Indian Student Union
Native Awareness Days. Information booths: Native Art, Native Organization, Native Education  Programs,  Gitksan  Wet-
seweteh? Inter-Campus Native
Student Network. 9 a.m.-4 p.m.,
SUB Concourse.
ALSO: Native Adoption Policies:
Film '"- Foster Child, speaker.
12:30-2 p.m., SUB Auditorium.
United Church Campus Ministry
Speaker: Frederick Dunleavy,
Exec. Director of Student Christian Movement of Canada. Noon,
SUB 205.
Graduate Student Society
Jazz    Live    with    the    Ihor
Kukurudza Duo. 5:30-8 p.m., Fireside Lounge, Graduate Student
United Church Campus Ministry
Dinner, program, fellowship, all
welcome. 6 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Graduate Student Society
Bridge:  Beginners   welcome.   6
p.m., Fireside Lounge, Graduate
Student Centre.
Native Indian Student Union
Native Awareness Days continues. Traditional Indian Leadership: film, "A Strict Law Bids Us
Speak? Speakers. 12:30-2 p.m.,
Museum of Anthropology.
University Christian Ministries
Join us for a Christian inter-
group meeting with Rev. Earl
Palmer. Noon, Woodward 6.
UBC Chaplains' Association
Anglican Primate, Most Rev. Michael Peers: "Christian Mission
in the University." Noon, SUB
UBC Ski Club
St. Patrick's Day - Mini Olympics
- skating party. 5-6:30 p.m.,
Osborne, Rink #2.
Graduate Student Society
GSS Council Meeting. 5:30 p.m.,
VIP Room,  Graduate  Student
Orthodox Christian Fellowship       CD I AAV
Liturgy ofthe Presanctified Gifts.    ■■»■»'«■
6:30 p.m., St. Andrew's Hall, 6040
Iona Dr.
Cinema 16
Film: Ingmar Bergman's 'Shame'.
7 and 9:30 p^m., SUB Theatre.
Philosophy Students' Union
NOVA  Documentary:   "Mathematical Mystery? 7 p.m., Grad
Center Penthouse (3rd Floor).
Maranatha Christian Club
Bible Study and Discussion. Any
religion, no religion welcome. Info:
228-8554. 7 p.m., 1868 Knox Rd.,
Native Indian Student Union
Native Awareness Days continues. Native Arts & Crafts Sale,
information booths. 10 a.m.4
p.m., SUB Ballroom.
ALSO: Gitksan Wetseweten
Land Claims speakers; film: "On
Indian Land? 12:30-2 p.m., SUB
UBC New Democrats
A speech by Svend Robinson.
Noon, SUB 207-209.
UBC Personal Computer Club
APPLE Meeting: Noon, SUB 215.
International Ascended Masters
Video showing: General Dniel O.
Graham and Dr. Dmitry
Mikheyev on the Strategic Defense Initiative: To Deploy or Not
to Deploy - A Scientific or a Political Question? Wood 6 (Instructional Resources Centre), admission $1.
Tired of  hassling with  dimes  and  nickels
for  the   copies   you  need?   Kinko's  meter
system provides   fast,   easy  and  efficient
self-serve   copies.
5706 University Blvd
M-TH 8-9 F 8-6 Sat 10-6 Sun 11-6
Great Copies. Great People.
Do It Yourself
And Save $
25 Self Serve
50 per copy
Copy Right
^^   lower level ^^
North End Concourse
FOR morei:y
HFogg n' Suds London Pub Crawl D
Win Six Seats
to London
Approx Value $6000.00
Enter As Often As You Wish
Until March 20th Only
Foggs on 4th      Fogg on the Bay Fairview Fogg
Kitsilano English Bay        Broadway & Cambie
73 Beers 683 Beer 87 Beers
March 15, 1988 Youngster (right) and family (left) take part in Robson Street protest
against Iran-Iraq war last Saturday afternoon
r.d. shore photo
Union wage hike
stalled by AMS
By Ross McLaren
Almost a year after their contract expired, unionized AMS office workers are frustrated by
stalled contract talks and the
latest management wage offer,
described as "a bit offensive" by
one union member.
Last April the AMS ofTered
the Office and Technical Employees Union a 1.4-per-cent wage hike
and wanted to increase the number of people classified as management.
The AMS is offering us 1.4
per cent and that's about half the
general trend of settlements, as
far as I can ascertain, and about
2.5 per cent below the cost of living
index? said word processor Adam
"Maybe I'm being naive but I
don't see why employees should
have to take a 2.5-per-cent cut in
real pay. It's a bit offensive?
As well, the AMS wanted to
increase the number of work years
required to gain extra holiday
time, according to Barry Hodson,
the OTEU business representative negotiating for the union.
Don Isaak, former AMS finance director, said a 1.4-per-cent
increase was a "fair" settle
ment and "in line with industrywide figures." Isaak negotiated for
the AMS with AMS business
manager Charles Redden last
Hodson said both he and
Redden had agreed to use the services of a mediator to speed up
negotiations. But Redden refused
to use the mediator chosen by the
OTEU because the mediator was
independent of the provincial labor service, Hodson said.
The OTEU is supporting the
the B.C. Federation of Labor's
boycott ofthe Industrial Relations
Council over disagreement with
Bill 19. The province will not pay
for any mediator acceptable to the
OTEU. The AMS and the OTEU
would have to split the $600 daily
fee the mediator would charge.
Redden said he was waiting
for the election of a new AMS finance director before continuing
negotiations, adding the mediator
issue "would not get in the way of
successful negotiations?
Liberal policy out to lunch
Burnaby MP criticizes opposition party's
slipping stance on Cruise missile testing
Robinson joked thatit was the first
speech he had made on a topic
other than gay rights since he
announced he is gay on national
television two weeks ago.
Robinson, the federal New
Democrat justice critic, addressed
a crowd of about 80 students at the
University of Ottawa recently to
outline NDP positions on everything from free trade to abortion to
national defense.
Robinson said the NDP offers
a "distinct vision of Canada's future" while he accused the Liberals and Conservatives of sacrificing political beliefs in favour of
winning votes.
He stressed his party's
commitment to equality for
women, gays and lesbians, visible
minorities, natives and the disabled.
The British Columbian MP
said the Liberals do not know
where they stand on a number of
important issues, such as cruise
missile testing, access to abortions
and free trade. He reiterated the
NDFs stand that the trade deal
will transform Canada into a
"fifty-first state", threaten social
programs and create a wider gap
between the rich and the poor.
Robinson, who spoke mainly
in French, said while Liberals lack
a firm stance on the subject, the
Conservatives' position is "dangerous and clear". If elected, the
NDP would tear up the agreement, he said.
The government spends too
much money on military defence
while ignoring existing social
problems, according to Robinson,
and Canada's participation in
NATO represents "an absurd and
outdated cold war mentality. He
said an NDP government would
work in friendship and peace with
both the Soviet Union and the U.S.
Robinson said many believe
the U.S. poses no less of a threat to
Canada's sovereignty than does
the USSR and added that the
"great Soviet bear" waiting to
pounce on Canada as soon as it
pulls out of NATO and NORAD is
a myth. Robinson Canada would
be crazy to spend money on nuclear submarines when there are
concrete problems like unemployment to attack.
As justice critic, Robinson
also opposes the government's
new anti-pornography legislation
which would outlaw the depiction
of sexual activity. He charges that
the passage ofthe bill would make
Canada "the most culturally repressive nation in the Western
Robinson said while scenes of
graphic physical violence can be
portrayed in the media, an image
of two consenting adults making
love would be illegal under the
proposed law.
Robinson was first elected in
1979 at age 27. His riding association in Burnaby, B.C. has just
nominated him to be the NDP
candidate in the next federal election.
-J    tx
r.d. shore photo
next week.
March 15,1988
Here's your chance to get rid of those
boots that seem to have shrunk a
half size or that pack which just
isn't big enough anymore or
maybe pick up some
experienced rain gear.
The CO-OP's Spring 88 Outdoor Gear Swap is the answer.
Call 872-7858 for more details.
P.S. you don't have to be a
Co-op member to
Win a
When you come to the Gear"
Swap be sure to enter to win a
Pentax Mini Binocular to be given
away at 2 PM the day of the Gear
Swap. No purchase necessary to
win. Binocular is courtesy of
Pentax Canada Inc.
Gear Swap
Sunday. March 20. 10 AM-2 PM
428 W. 8th Ave.. Vancouver
needs writers,
photographers, lay out
artists, and typists. Feel the
spirit of freewheeling journalistic ecstasy... come
to SUB 24IK
Go directly to your nearby GM dealer and select your
favourite car or truck! Do not make a down payment! Choose either $500 off or a free General Motors Protection Plan
extended warranty (MSRP $599)! Receive GMAC's lowest available finance rate! That's the 1988 GM Grad Program!
It's fun! It's exciting! It's a great way to save a stack of cash
on the world's biggest selection of cars and trucks! Play it by itself, or combine it with other GM special offers for even
greater savings!
only! Call 1-800GM-53273 now and get in the game!
But remember, the GM Grad Program is for 1988 graduates
March 15,1988 Ruggers romp to victory
By Jody Woodland
Five months is a long time to
wait to reclaim thebraggingrights
for the best university rugby team
in North America. The UBC Thunderbird rugby team has waited
five months for a second shot at the
University of Victoria Vikings.
Saturday afternoon in Victoria, the Birds made the most of
that wait when they humbled
UVic 37-9 in the final of the Vikings' own tournament: the 8th
Annual Canadian Universities
The loss was UVic's first of
1988 and was sweet revenge for
the Birds after the disappointing
22-25 Boot Cup loss last October.
The 'Birds controlled the
game throughout. Knock-ons were
all that kept UBC from breaking
things open early. UVic actually
led at the half, 9-7, thanks to two
penalties and a 40 yard drop goal
from the foot of Canadian fly-half
Gareth Rees.
The Birds turned the pressure up in the second half and
exploded   for   30   unanswered
points, including six tries of seven
for the game; the Vikings had
The onslaught actually
started with a disallowed try. Pierre Duey touched the ball down in
the end zone while diving towards
the corner flag. The referee called
that Duey had gone out of bounds
before touching the ball down and
called back the apparent score.
Instead of letting the call affect their game plan, the Birds
took their frustrations out on the
Vikings. Duey added a legitimate
try, Mark Smith scored once, and
Mark Olesen was credited with a
penalty try after being dragged
down while dribbling the ball over
the goal line. John Graf added
three converts and a penalty goal.
Scoring machine, Evan
Scholnick, added two tries, the
second thanks to fellow winger
Owen Walsh. Walsh took a pass
from Duey at speed, backed away
from the wall of Vikings in his
path, and coolly kicked the ball to
the other side of the field where
Scholnick   scooped   it   up   and
walked into the end zone untouched.
UBC's forwards earned two
pushover tries. The front row of
Eddie Evans, Dave Usher, and Ian
Scholnick punished the UVic front
The headlines are usually
accorded to the offense but it was
the defense that made the difference. UBC flanker and Canadian
captain Roy Radu shut down Rees,
the linchpin of UVic's game. All of
the Birds tackled ferociously and
UVic never seriously threatened
the UBC line.
"It was the best 80 minutes of
rugby we've played since the Ireland-Scotland tour? said coach
Barry Legh. The Birds are clearly
the best university side in North
America and, when we play like
that, one ofthe top three club sides
in North America?
To reach the finals, UBC
marched past University of Alberta 37-0, the US Air Force 21-0,
and Brigham Young University
31-0 in half length games Friday
and Saturday.
UBC track team finishes in top
ten at CIAU national meet
This weekend the UBC track
and field team returned from the
CIAU national finals in Winnipeg
with mixed results for the
women's and men's teams.
Against the fastest and loftiest competition of the year the
men's team placed a respectable
fourth and the women's team
placed eighth overall.
The jumpers have kept the
UBC team at the top ofthe polls all
year and at this meet they did not
disappoint. UBC's Jim Gamlin
won the high jump with a leap of
2.12 metres, while teaffifhate
Graham Day placed third with a
jump of 2.03 metres.
But the bounding 'Birds missed the contributions of veteran
pole vaulter, Boyd Mason and
triple jumper, Byron Jack who
were both injured; both were
ranked number one in the nation
in their respective events.
The women's team was also
led by their high jumpers as they
captured first and second place.
Jeannie Cockcroft won the event
on a 1.82 metre leap and Tami
Lutz placed second with a 1.79
metre effort.
Other notable performances
were turned in by UBC's Tom
Bessai and Ken Lucks who placed
second and third respectively in
the 1500 metres. Both were also
members ofthe UBC 4x800 metre
relay team that placed second.
The Car Makes The Difference
Prelude Si 4WS
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Soccer 'Birds
take tourney
This weekend in Victoria the
UBC varsity soccer team captured
the United Commercial Travellers
Invitational championship.
In the tournament final on
Sunday the 'Birds downed cross-
town rival Simon Fraser University, 1-0 and avenged an earlier
loss this year in the Diachem bowl.
Kevin Reilly notched the lone
goal of the game and Rob Zambrano recorded his second shut-out
ofthe tournament.
To qualify for the Sunday final
the 'Birds downed F.C. (football
club) Portland ofthe Western Alliance league, 2-0 on goals from
Colin Pettingale and Ken Moysiuk.
"Defensively we're playing as
well as any team in Canada right
now? said UBC head coach Dick
Mosher. "The back four have
played tremendous defense
against very strong opposition."
The two tournament wins
extends UBC's win streak to five in
the B.C. Intercollegiate League. A
win against Victoria on Saturday
will clinch top spot for the 'Birds
and guarantee home field advantage for the B.C. Intercollegiate
fee hiked
from page 1
example ofthe administration
shoving more crap up our
asses. I refuse to pay?
Kurt WaJdheim, president of Austria, said he would
not be able to make the ribbon
cutting ceremony as he didn't
think Canada would let him
into the country without the
consent of the World Jewish
"Some of my best friends
are Jewish? said Waldheim,
"but unfortunately Edgar
Bronfman is not one of them?
Pope John Paul II was
planning to attend but since
Waldheim declined, Johnny
also bowed out.
Bill Vander Zalm said 12
million dollars was "way too
much to spend for a gymnasium. I could put the welfare
people to work and build it. for
3 million dollars. Remember, I
didn't build the CoquihaJla?
Brian Mulroney said he
would show up if The Ubyssey
printed "nice things about
Mila and me? The Ubyssey
declined and so did Brian.
Pierre Trudeau said since
he was positive no one would
understand him he thought his
presence was a waste of his
University guide author
Linda Frum, said "The increased athletic fee is a good
idea. Students don't pay
enough anyways. Tuition fees
at UBC should go up 3,000 per
cent in order to keep the riffraff out?
Former AMS president
Rebecca Nevraumont said,
"Yes, new buildings are always
nice, but can I get a trip out of
the deal?"
God was unavailable for
We're conducting examinations
all week. And you can
score big with our discounts.
IBM Exam Days start next week.
For once, you're not the one being grilled. During IBM
Exam Days, a special demonstration on campus, you can put the
new IBM Personal System/2 Mode! 25 to the test.
You'll get remarkable results - dazzling graphics, clever
answers to your multiple choice questions, even essay expeitise.
The Model 25 with Collegiate Kit is fully prepared for any
examination. It comes with a generous 640KB memory, two
3.5" diskette drives and a financial aid package every student
can appreciate - special on-campus prices, plus a mouse and lots
of software, including Microsoft' Windows 1.04. Write. Paint.
Cardfile and IBM DOS 3.3.
And once this test is over, you can order a Model 25 with
Collegiate Kit from your IBM on-campus dealer. To help
improve your own test scores.
IBM Computer Fair
Mar 17 & 18
BOOKSTORE      8:30am - 5:00 pm
Microsoft is a registered trademark of ihe Microsoft Corporation. IBM isa registered trademark
and Personal Svstem/2 is a trademark ofthe International Business Machines Corporation,
P IBM Corporation 1987
March 15,1988
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Thousands  of students  crash
wall in annual UBC spring ritual
By Victor Chew Wong
Ten years ago Storm the Wall,
rhe pinnacle of UBC intramurals
.special events, was an unmined
quarry in the mind of Nestor Korchinsky.
The energetic director of intramurals was searching for an event
that was novel yet enduring, an event
that would unite the university community in a festive spring ritual.
He found the cornerstone in the
summer of 1977 in the rubble of a
loosely structured competition between grad students and faculty in
the Sch(X)l of Physical Education.
Three students challenged three faculty members in a team relay that,
involved running, swimming, and
"I don't recall the actual course or
distances," says Korchinsky. "I was
more interested in the concept than
the distances."'
"The event was an interesting
one i >ecause i t was a team competition
— the enthusiasm in the competi
That fall several of Korchinsky's
students related their common experience of assaulting a 12 foot wall in
the Outward Bound program. He laid
this idea into a wall that was beginning to take form.
"The students relayed the experience of a team going over the wall?
says Korchinsky. "The emotional
experience of those students in my
office was important?
The final stone was laid when
Korchinsky saw the University of
Oregon's Storm the Bute; an event in
which students charge up a hill.
"I was taken by the action word of
the event? he says.
In the Spring of 1980 UBC's first
Wall was assaulted by 33 teams. This
year a record 442 teams and 2210 !
participants have squirmed over the
Wall in Canada's largest single intramural event.
_sr*»V- . l*
Photos by
Mandel Ngan,
Heather Jenkins
and Mike L.
Before you go — remember!
The Bookstore sells computers
at special prices, but only to
full-time   students,   staff and
faculty of the university
Now is the time to buy one,
before you leave the campus for
other horizons. You won't find
better prices there!
Make an investment in your
future — or would somebody for
you, as a Graduation gift?
Visit us at the Bookstore
Computer Shop and discover
one of the real advantages of
being a student —
before it's too late!
6200 University Boulevard • 228-4741
Computer Shop Hours: Mon. - Fri. 8:30 am - 5:00 pm
Sometimes good looks
can improve jour grades.
ySS^M ****«-£$*§
Acmal oulput using Ihe 1BMS Person. Sys
" Model 25 uilh Colk.i.ue Kil .
Often the best way to illustrate your point is with an
Using the IBM Personal System/2 Model 25 with Collegiate
Kit (which includes software), you can show your professors
what you really think. Simply call up the notes from your
document tile, then insert the graphics you've created. That
way. your profs are sure to get the picture.
With the special Model 25 Collegiate package, you get lots
of useful software, including Microsoft" Windows 1.04. Write.
Paint. Cardfile and IBM DOS 3.3.
When you've got the Model 25 with Collegiate Kit. your
work can look better. And so can vour grades.
IBM Computer Fair
Mar 17 & 18
8:30am - 5:00 pm
Microsoft is a registered trademark ofthe Microsoft Corporation. IBM isa registered trademark
and Personal Svsiem/2 is a trademark ofthe International Business Machines Corporation.
£' IBM Corporation 1987
March 15,1988
March 15,1988
1 wo in system ■
■ (On Regular Beds) ■'•'
■5784 University Blvd. 224-1922 or 9116        I
1 (in UBC Village) 1/2 Blk. away Exp. March 31/88        |
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*oIes to meet
ie Polish Students' Association
announces   a   social   meeting,
rhursday March 17, at 5:30 p.m.
it the Graduate Student Centre in
ie Fireside Lounge
Visiting Professor, History & Philosophy of Science
College Park, Maryland
Dr. Levin is a distinguished scholar of History, Sociology and Philosophy of
Science, and a recent emigre from the USSR. Published widely in History of
Science in the 17th, 18th & 19th centuries, he is now working on science and
conflict in the Soviet institutions which are undergoing reform. This isit is
being co-sponsored by The Dal Grauer Memorial Lectures of The University of
British Columbia and by Simon Fraser University, with lectures at each campus.
Wednesday. March 16
Monday. March 21
12:30 pm
"Science as a Sociocultural System:
The Social Relations of Science"
Buchanan Penthouse
'Conflict and Ideology in the Soviet Academy of
Sciences: The Luzin Affair and Others"
Buchanan A-104
piycholoqy depdrfmerit r
rWn+ qeh out of hand
students raise
awareness of
Indian issues
Native awareness days are being
held March 15 to 18, sponsored by
the Native Indian Student Union.
The aim of these events are to
promote a positive awqareness of
Native Students on UBC campus
and the issues that are a part of
their lives. Information booths
and native art will be found in the
SUB concourse on Thurdsay.
These will be in the Ballroom on
Friday. Films and guest speakers
will include topics such as Native adoption policies, Education in the Native Community,
Traditional Indian leadership,
and Land Claims. Look for
more details in the information booths.
Love can't be
bought at film
The UBC Film society will be
showing the films "Can't buy
me love" and "Black Widow"
at 7:00 and 9:30 p.m. respectively- These will be in the
SUB auditorium on March 17.
You Are Invited To Meet
The Most Rev.
Michael G. Peers
Primate, Anglican Church Of Canada
Thursday, March 17,1988
12:30 p.m. SUB Auditorium
Topic "Christian Mission In The University"
Sponsors:        UBC Chaplains Association
St. Anselm's Anglican Church
St. Mark's College
Lutheran Campus Centre
University Hill Congregation
(United, Presbyterian)
The results of the recent vote to
select the 1988 Graduating gifts
are as follows.
1) Handicapped Access Improvements to
2) War Memorial Gym Students' Garden*
3) S.U.B. Plaza Benches*
4) Library Workstation Terminal
5) Disabled Student Communicators
6) Crane Library Talking Book Fund
7) Neville Scarfe Children's Garden
* Indicates projects which received funding
Simon Seshadri
Treasurer, Grad Class Council
x\«(3e_/\#i •
Absolutely Stunning Academic
Call For Your Free Grad Photo Session
3156 W. Broadway
731-8314 or 732-3023
March 15,1988 UBC grabs military clough
from p»g« 12
ence for Peace tried to get details
about who was doing what military research at the University of
Waterloo but they got little information from the university's office
of research. When the chapter had
to search for information in the
Project Ploughshares, military industry database and elsewhere,
they decided to draft policies on
military reseach and research disclosure to present to the university.
A scan of the titles of recent
university research projects for
the Department of National defence reveals a wide range of activities and the purpose of many of
them is open to speculation.
The Globe and Mail reported
that McGill Received $28,000 to
test the longevity of a new nerve
gas antidote. McMaster University and Memorial are conducting
various studies of radars and the
University of British Columbia is
examining the response of fibre-
reinforced plastic structures to air
blasts, and the University of
Manitoba is testing the fracture
toughness of submarine hull
Since 1982, DND-funded research conducted at the University of Toronto have been examining the effects of nuclear blasts. In
1982, Dr. J.S. Hansen ofthe Institute of Aerospace Studies at U of T,
received $47,000 for "the analysis
of structural systems subjected to
a nuclear blast environment". The
following year, the DND awarded
Hansen $140,000 for "blast simulation and structural response ".
Most recently, in February 1987,
Hansen received $167,000 for
computerized procedures and
structures for the analysis of
structures subjected to air blasts".
Military research is also conducted at Canadian universities
through sub-contracts from the
private sector. For example, researchers at Simon Fraser University are working with CTF
Systems Inc. of Port Coquitlam on
"the investigation and application" of thin film superconductors
under a contract awarded by DND
in September 1987. The extent of
sub-contracted work is not known
because neither private firms nor
universities are currently obligated to reveal figures.
In addition to the researh
conducted on behalf of DND, several Canadian are involved in
military research for the United
States military. Since 1982, the
total direct U.S. Defense Department-sponsored unclassified research on Canadian campuses has
averaged eight hundred and
twenty five thousand dollars per
While university officials
maintain that U.S. sponsored-
military research "is not directly
related to the U.S. strategic defence initiaive (Star Wars)", recent reports about contracts
awarded to Canadian universities
contradict this assertion. In July,
the Ottawa Citizen reported that
the University of Toronto and
York University had received subcontracts for Strategic Defence
Initiative Organiztion research
from the Space Power Institute at
Auburn University in Alabama.
The University of
British Columbia
is examining the
response of fibre-
reinforced plastic
structures to air
Rod Tennyson, director ofthe
Institute for Aerospace Studies at
U of T, said at the time that the
institute is studying ways to keep
materials in low-earth orbit from
being degraded into oxygen.
In early 1986, U of T was also
awarded $246,950 by the Canadian Commercial Corporation,
acting on behalf of the Pentagon,
to study the "properties of actual
and numerical shock and blast-
wave phenomenon", suggesting
that the U of T may also be conducting nuclear blast research for
the U.S. Alternatively, the study
may be part ofthe research at U of
T and Ryerson Polytechnical Institute for the U.S. National Aerospace Plane.
Controversial U.S. military
research also occurs outside of
Toronto. A Vancouver-based animal rights group called Lifeforce
requested and received documents through the U.S. Freedom
of Information Act that revealed
details of U.S. sponsored research
at the University of Western Ontario. UWO's research conducted
on monkeys was applicable to the
study of the effects of lasers in
battelfield conditions.
Since 1981, the Pentagon has
increased its funding of research
and development in Canada to
private and academic institutions
from $125,000 (U.S.) to almost $22
million (U.S.) in 1984. This substantial increase, combined with
DND's "enhancement" plans, will
place more pressure on Canadian
universities to accept military
Nobel-laureate John Polanyi
and peace activist/scientist Ursula Franklin are among many
Canadian researchers who point
to the lack of support for basic
academic research as a factor in
researchers' decisions to do research for the military. They fear
that inadequate research funding
may lead Canadian academics
down the path that's been well-
beaten by their U.S. colleagues to
the swollen military troughs.
Donald Savage, executive director ofthe Canadian Assocation
of University Teachers, says that
anywhere from one to ten per cent
of any university's research
budget comes from the defence
department. And he says it's
partly because schools need research grants, regardless of the
However, alternatives to the
American way are being introduced by Canadian campus-based
organizations. Some Canadian
academics have signed petitions
that say they will refuse to work on
any SDI contracts at the urging of
campus disarmament groups. As
well, groups on at least two Canadian campuses have drafted specific proposals about military research.
MEND at McGill has proposed a screening procedure for
the research funded by military
agencies or private corporations
involved in military production.
MEND suggests that the university weed out "weapons-directed
research" but doesn't propose an
outright ban on military research.
With more funding available
for military research at a time
when other funding sources are
drying up, the ethics of military research is becoming a hot topic on
campuses across Canada. The
debate is likely to raise questions
about the ethics of research and
the obligations of Canadian academics to the larger community.
But it is also likely to add academic
voices to the growing criticism of
federal government policies that
aid our militarization.
Auditor General of Canada
Born and educated in Vancouver, Mr. Dye received his Master's Degree in Business Administration
from Simon Fraser University in 1971. He is a leading proponent of stronger accountability for
crown corporations and better financial reporting by governments and is heavily involved in his
profession's education activities. Since assuming his appointment as Auditor General of Canada in
1981, Mr. Dye has been in the forefront of developments in legislative auditing, which has earned
him an honorary degree from Lakehead University.
Thursday, March 17
12:30 pm
"Value forMoney and the Public Purse"
in Room 110, Henry Angus Building
Faculty of Commerce & Business Administration
Saturday, March 19
8:15 pm
"Financial Management & The Federal Deficit"
in Lecture Hall 2, Woodward IRC Building
(Vancouver Institute Lecture)
Large Selection of Specialities on Order
and Wedding Cakes
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(Alma Place)
Vancouver, B.C. Open Tuesdays to Sundays
The Law Students Association Presents
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Think what you can do
with the money
you save with IBM
on-campus prices.
1 v
Pizza tor the dorm. A ski trip. Tickets to a concert.
They're all possible with the savings you'll get with the
special on-campus prices on members of the IBM55
Personal System/2™ family.
More important is what's possible when you use the
systems themselves.
They can help you graph economic problems. And
write and revise long papers with ease. Even illustrate
your points by combining words and
graphics. So your professors will draw
favorable conclusions about your work.
But remember, order your
Personal System/2 before graduation.
After that, we can't deliver
vour savings. __.
IBM Computer Fair
Mar 17 & 18
8:30am - 5:00 pm
IBM is a registered trademark and Personal System/2 is a trademark ot the
International Business Machines Corporation. ?■ IBM Corporation 1987
March 15,1988
THE UBYSSEY/9 Loop planning loopy
Sometimes we wonder if the UBC administration has forgotten whom this institution is for.
Take the proposed elimination of the
parking and drop off loop behind SUB,
turning SUB Boulevard into an access
road for the new parkade to be erected
beside Gage. Certainly, the new parking
garage will meet a legitimate student need
for parking in the North end of campus.
However, by replacing the present loop
with tulips and geraniums, the proposed
parking plan will create new problems for
disabled and women students.
Disabled and female students can now
wait inside, at night and during inclement
weather, for their rides to arrive. Then can
then walk a short distance in a fairly well
lit, open area to their rides.
In future, these students will make their
way, in all kinds of weather, through a
poorly lit, dark area and wait in a small
shelter for their rides to come. This is more
than a convenience—it is dangerous on a
campus known to be unsafe at night.
Are the minds in the UBC administration behind the new parking plan concerned? Hardly.
They seem reluctant to address the concerns of students who want simple and
safe access to the building they paid for.
And the student members of the parking
committee are apparently more concerned
with protecting their parking spaces than
with anticipating the needs of students
who aren't fortunate enough to have cars.
Even the few special disabled parking
spaces and the proposed direct handicapped access from the parkade doesn't
address the central problem—the need to
make SUB, and the whole campus, as
accessable as possible to all UBC students.
Students, faculty and the administration should get together to consider what is
best for all, even if it means that construction may take a little longer.
We hope that the next time the UBC administration considers a major buiding
project more attention is paid to all student concerns.
March 14,1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays & Fridays
throughout the academic year by the Alma Mater Society
ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the
university administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian University Press. The
editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977.
Katherine Monk paused in the middle of Genesis 1:1 and scratched her
Bhiny skull pensively. "EEEUUU, Victor, come 'ere. Something's wrong. I don't
like the sound of this." "You're right," said Victor Chew Wong, tossing The Book
into the nearest fire. "I don't like it either.'
"You don't mean to tell me it's as simple as all that, do you?*, interrupted
a rather aback-taken Rick Hiebert. "Don't liBten; watch," counselled Martin
Dawes, wrinkling his nose at the wordy fume_ emanating from the small but
important blaze. Just then, Derek Craig sucked in a huge breath of air- creating
a small vacuum for a moment - and huffed and puffed and blew the blaze out.
"Now why'd you go and do a thing like that?," demanded Chris Wiesinger.
"We had a Good Thing goin'.'Randy Shore knew this was his cue to add "yeah*,
bo he promptly added it "yeah," he added. "I dunno," replied Derek - "I read it in
a book somewhere. I think it was That Book". He pointed at the curled, wounded
Book. "Couldn't o' been That one," said Ross McLaren definitively - "the only
word in That Book is "and'."
All looked at one another and realized they were strangerB to the Book.
"You're kidding," said Steve Chan. "Tha t's.... tha t's kind of funky, isn't it."
Mandel Ngan and Peter Francis picked up the ravaged Book gingerly and held
it up before the eyes of all (#of eyes equals # of persons x2). All together, eyes
luminous and watery, the one voice of all • not to mention Alex Johnson and
Stephen Scrimshaw - said: "It's.. .H'b kind of like an understated poetic affirmation of our most primitive instinct - to create....to create people, things....oh, And
Bob, And Jim, And The Bomb, And Shirley, And Michael, And Martha, And,and
And all of a sudden this beautiful ending was RUINED BY A PAINFUL
REALIZATION: John Newlands, Jody Woodward, Dick Mosher, and the mysterious Mr. Wong had all been left out.Laura Busheiken and Corrinne Bjorge were
there late.
Corlimo BJorga
Roo* Mctaron
antoi 1 _hiMOiiL
Laura Bushoi kin
Victor Chow Wong
R.D. Shoro
As abhorrent as I find
his group's beliefs, I have to
agree with David Chu ofthe
International Ascendent
Masters' Class that physically damaging their advertisements is not an appropriate way to express disagreement with someone's
As for his statement
that "we have had no one
publicly protest the verity of
the information we are pre-
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which Is Judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, or racist will not be published. Please be concise. Letters may be
edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes. Please bring
them, with Identification, to SUB 241k.  Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.	
senting", this "information"
is so far removed from any
connection with reality that
refuting itis extremely difficult. This is what Goebbels
meant when he said that a
big lie is more effective than
a small one.
About all you can say is
that I AM C's intellectual
gurus live in a fantasy world
and appear to suffer from
paranoid schizophrenia.
Does one dispute the "verity" of road runner cartoons,
poems by e. e. cummings, or
song lyrics by the B-52's?
Jim Christian
Organizers of
Our hat's off to the organizers of the UBC Intramural triathlon. It takes a
lot of time and effort to organize a large event such as
the triathlon and have it run
smoothly and on time. Obviously, the staff of intramural did just that and should
be recognized for their effort. Congrats to all involved!!!
We'd also like to say a
special 'thanks' to the
Phrat-re girls who managed
the stations along the
course route. Although, the
body felt like hell (and
probably looked it too), the
Phrateres constant encouragement and support
spurred us to continue and
endure the bodily pain we
were experiencing right to
the finish.
Although it's going to
hurt just as much, we hope
to see you again next year.
Greg Martin
Greg Smith
Applied Science 3
Ubyssey needs faculty gossip
column , advises critic
ingly better coverage over
The other day I had
lunch in the SUB cafeteria.
The latest issue of both the
Globe and Mail and The
Ubyssey were on the table
where I sat. I read them,
and as a result I present the
following constructive criticisms to the Ubyssey staff.
Why not have a crossword puzzle in each issue?
It would be easy to do: one
staffer goes to the bookstore, buys a crossword
book, and then the presses
duplicate away. Low costs,
high benefits. How
about more comics? Is it
possible to get a hold of the
strips put in the local newspapers? If not, why not buy
a book containing the best of
Peanuts, Far Side, or Bloom
County, and print a strip in
each Ubyssey? I'm sure no
one has seen all the strips
from all of the above mentioned writers. An even
better idea would be to have
several, good, local writers.
Although varsity
sports  have  had  increas-
the last several years, why
not have something on professional sports? For example, keep stats on the
Canucks, the Lion's, the
86'rs, the NFL, or even
American College Ball.
There is an audience on
campus for each of these
events, and if their needs
were met by the "Ubyssey",
readership would increase.
Put in sports news too:
items such as Yzerman's
injury, and what that could
mean to his team, or how the
Edmonton Oiler's are
selling off their top players,
or the historical Dickerson
How about going more
in depth on Intramurals?
Who are the defending
champions of "Storm the
Wall"? Or why not report on
a division within ball
hockey, like Totem Park, or
Residence? Who looks most
promising to win the title?
What do the participants
have to say?  What are the
How about covering on
campus parties and beer
gardens? Which ones are
the best? Which ones
flopped? Which club, team,
or faculty consistently has
the best parties? Where and
when was the best party of
the year? What is the best
frosh story?
My biggest criticism is
the lack of clubs coverage.
This is the most untapped,
potential resouce to gain
readers. What are the upcoming club events? Weekend long events? What is
the hottest new board
game? Are there any chess,
backgammon, bridge tournaments in the future? Why
not plug special events like
the Aggie's "Great Race",
the Engineer's "Concrete
Sled Race", the Greek's
"Songfest", and Medicine's
Finally, there are some
offbeat issues to cover.
What's the latest eatery to
open up in the city? Who's
restaurant has the best
value? Lowest prices? Best
service? Which are the best
bars? What faculties frequent which bars? Which
watering holes have drink
specials? What is the most
popular campus makeout
spot? What's the latest faculty/staff romance rumor?
Who has the most uncomfortable movie seats?
Inform the campus that
the university is alive.
Educate the masses on what
the masses are doing. I
know what I've written
happens, only because I've
been here four years. If
more extracurricular activities were mentioned in The
Ubyssey, then possibly, and
probably, the information
would increase participation by students here for the
their first time, who don't
know of all the opportunities.
I'd like to see The Ubyssey improve itself. By covering some of the volumes of
activities that students do,
it would increase individual
participation, and university morale.
Steve Jones
Arts 4
March 15,1988 Torn nation symbolized by torn leader
Waldheim problem signifies larger
problem of 20th century democracy
By Chris Wiesinger
The face of a torn man, the symbol of a torn
nation, stares at Canadians this week from
the cover of Maclean's magazine (March 14,1988).
Even when he smiles the inner torment tugs at his
lip—Kurt Waldheim is aman condemned by the conscience ofthe Western world. He is a man haunted
by a past shared by millions.
The face and the torment might well be ours; we
too are guilty of crimes against humanity—guilty in
the sense that we have allowed the construction in
society of an abstract force, an institution that by
definition demands the relinquishing, for those who
partake in it, of moral autonomy. Our crime is a
crime against ourselves - rather our selves -for we
make demands of those in public service that are
essentially in violation of their basic nature.
We demand, in the public service, amorality.
We demand that those who act within our bureaucratic institutions repress their values while they
function as members of those institutions. When
those figures take their mandate to certain (unpalatable) logical consequences, we condemn them as
The public service, let us remind ourselves,
includes the soldier, the bureaucrat, and the politician. We expect the individuals who take part in
these institutions to represent the will ofthe majority. They are expected to make decisions in the
public interest, and not on the basis of their own
moral, political, or religious
The person who is a "soldier" operates within at least
two moral spheres; when operating as an individual as
soldier, his moral decision making process is radically different from that of individual as individual.
Our "soldier" acts as a part in a machine, performing
his duty; he is expected only to carry out the orders
of his superiors who theoretically take responsibility for his actions. It is this removal of the self from
one's operating sphere that allows an individual to
kill the enemy in time of war.
The division-of-self is not restricted to the military. It is a beast which we face every day in one form
or another. The business world demands it—a prospering executive must be able to keep his emotions
in check and analyze business operations in a cold,
rational way. The civil service demands it — a good
civil servant performs his task without imputing
moral judgement on those he serves. The political
arena demands it — the politician must be able to
make decisions which contradict her own moral
Indeed, the public demands this type of behaviour from the executives they trust with investments,
the civil servants they entrust with personal information, and the politicians they expect to reflect
their interests. If a civil
servant offers a moral judgement of a certain action
which we have undertaken, or intend to undertake,
we angrily react by telling them that they ought to
concern themselves with their tasks, and not offer
moral advice. If a politician's values instruct him to
act in a particular fashion which runs contrary to
public will, we condemn him/her for attempting to
foist his moral opinion on us. The public demands
amorality from the public service; we expect them to
be technicians, not human beings.
History, however, is rife with tales of people
claiming to be selflessly acting in the public interest;
Nazi Germany is perhaps the best example, but
every nation, Canada included, has engaged in policies which in a historical perspective have been
damned as immoral. But self-recriminations, excuses, and apologies alone aren't constructive we
must analyze what happened and why.
We can do this, I think, by looking closely at the
Waldheim case, and then examining a contrasting
example. Waldheim has come under fire for publicly
lying about his World War II record, denying any
involvement with war crime Nazi activities. When
Waldheim, in the face of incontrovertible evidence,
admitted that he had in fact partaken in certain
military acts, he pleaded that at the time, he had
been following orders. His innocence, he implied,
was due to the fact that he had been forced to repress
his self; the person carrying out military orders was
Kurt Waldheim, lieutenant, not Kurt Waldheim, individual.
After the war, Waldheim became involved in
international politics, a career culminating in the
holding ofthe position of Secretary-General ofthe
United Nations. After a brief respite upon completion of his tenure at that post, Waldheim was elected
president of the Republic of Austria. A former
colleague, Sir Brian Urquhart, is quoted in the
Maclean's feature: "We knew him as two people:
Waldheim Mark I, a scheming, ambitious, duplici
tous egomaniac, ready to do anything
for public acclaim; and Waldheim
Mark II, the statesmanlike leader who
kept his head while all about him were
losing theirs in great international
What happened to the real Kurt
Waldheim? Have his roles — soldier,
politician, statesman — destroyed
Waldheim the individual? To be successful as a soldier, he needed certain
qualities, to be successful as a politician, he needed certain qualities, and
to be successful as a statesman, he
needed certain qualities. Is the public
Waldheim, the Waldheim that "sacrificed" himself to the public, all that is
Now let's shift focus. Bill Vander
Zalm is in a position wherein he must
compromise some deep seated moral beliefs in order to
fulfill his duties to the public. And, as we are all
painfully aware, Vander Zalm's principles in the abortion issue are at severe odds with the principles ofthe
majority of British Columbians. We are seeing, in our
premier, Vander Zalm the individual. And we hate it.
We consider him to be thrusting his personal moral
principles on the public.
Though I disagree with Vander Zalm's stance, I
do have sympathy for the position in which he finds ,
himself. It is a position no individual should have to '
 endure, and unfortunatety, it is a
position demanded by our democratic institutions.
The problem, however, is not
solely Bill Vander Zalm's, or Kurt
Waldheim's; it is a problem modem societies must begin dealing with. Are we to elect
men into positions of power who are able and willing
to divide themselves, and ipso facto, are able to engage
in actions which may appear to them to be morally
reprehensible (i.e. issue orders for a military -strike,
etc.), but are considered to be in the public interest?
Or are we prepared to accept leaders who impose their
moral values on us? One would think that the type of
individual that Waldheim represents — scheming,
ambitious, duplicitous, cold — is exactly the type ofin-
dividual we would not want leading our states; it is
only, however, people of Waldheim's characteristics
(dare we call them qualifications!) that can fulfill the
impersonal role we demand of them.
If that is the case, can we ever reasonably expect
an individual of integrity to succeed in the political
arena? Would such an individual put her/himself in
the position of having to relinquish their moral autonomy?
On the one hand, we demand impartial government. On the other, we threaten to hold responsible
for their actions individuals who relinquish their
moral autonomy in order to provide that impaniality.
My stance is to hold these people responsible. I
think Kurt Waldheim the individual is responsible for
his actions at all times; I think Bill Vander Zalm, the
individual is responsible for his actions at all times. I
think that those industrial leaders who foul our environment, as individuals, are responsible and accountable for their actions. In that case, though, I cannot
also will that they relinquish their moral autonomy —
I cannot expect the soldier to fulfill his duty as
conceived of by the public, I cannot expect the premier
to respond to the will of the majority, and I cannot
expect the industrialist to maximize profit under all
Where does this leave us? It means either we
maintain the status quo and compromise all of our
selves, or it means we must radically change our institutions.
If this were a biological disease, governments
would be throwing billions of dollars at the problem to
find a cure. This, however, is a metaphysical disease.
Are the laboratories for this kind of research to be
found in Philosophy departments?
Are you there? What would you do? What will you
"[Kurtz's manuscript] began with the argument that
we whites... 'must necessarily appear to them (savages)
in the nature of supernatural beings — we approach
them with the might of a deity,'and soon, and soon. 'By
the simple exercise of our will we can exert a power for
the good practically unbounded,' etc., etc. From that
point he soared and took me with him. There were no
practical hints to interrupt the magic current of
phrases, unless a kindofnote at the foot ofthe last page,
scrawled evidently much later, in an unsteady hand,
may be regarded as the exposition of a method It was
very simple, and at the end of that moving appeal to
every altruistic sentiment it blazed at you, luminous
and terrifying, like a flash of lightning in a serine sky:
'Exterminate all the brutes!'"
from Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness
"We knew him as two people: Waldheim Mark I, a
scheming.ambitious, duplicitous egomaniac, ready to do anything for public acclaim; and Waldheim Mark II, the statesmanlike leader who kept his head while all about him were losing
theirs..." -Sir Brian Urquhart, 1987
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March 15,1988
THE UBYSSEY/11 Universities vie
for military money
By Ken Epps
reprinted from the  Ploughshares
Canadian Univeristy Press
The federal cabinet gave
instructions in the summer of 1986 to increase
spending on university military
research by forty percent, with increases for inflation over five
years, The Globe and Mail revealed last year.
And a review of unclassified
contracts awarded by Department
of National Defense to Canadian
universities shows how quickly
the department moved to achieve
that goal. The total monetary
value ofthe contracts awarded by
March of 1987 was 33 percent
higher than the 1986 total. Infact,
the annual total for unclassified
contracts has consistently risen
since 1980, moving from
$2,869,000 in 1980 to $8,221,000
in 1987.
During the 1980-87 period,
roughly three-quarters of the
DND contracts were awarded to
ten Canadian universities. The
University of Toronto, Queen's
Universsity and McGill University have received $7 million, $4.4
million and $3.7 million in DND
contracts respectively. U of Ottawa, Carlton, University of British Columbia, Laval, Concordia,
Waterloo and McMaster make up
the rest ofthe top ten recipients.
The Canadian government
does not hide its interest in encouraging military research at Canadian universities. The recent
DND white paper announced that
"the department will broaden its
support (to universities) to encourage research and teaching in other
areas important to defense? including "operational research and
systems analysis and the implications for security of technological
This new support suggests
that the academic community will
be drawn further into the core of
military   decision-making.     The
(604) 876-0828
white paper says "operational research is fundamental to the improvement of tactics and logistics". After the release ofthe white
paper, minister of defense Perrin
Beaty strengthened the ties between the Canadian military and
universities by forming a new defense advisory committee made up
of representatives from business
and universities.
This latest increase to the
level of military research and development at Canadian universities comes at a time when disarmament activists are seriously
questioning existing DND-funded
In 1984, the McGill Employees for Nuclear Disarmament
(MEND) raised questions about
academic military research, particularly the research that two
McGill professors have been conducting since 1980 related to fuel-
air explosives (FAE). FAE weapons are convenient weapons which
kill through shock waves of such
extreme intensity that they can
rival smaller nuclear bombs in
their effect.
A special commission on conventional weapons of the United
Nations has tried to ban FAE
weapons as "inhumane armaments." This initiative was unsuccessful but FAE are not really
widespread because "complete scientific understanding ofthe physical and chemical phenomena
which are the basis of FAE's is required prior to designing such
weapons." At McGill, critics are-
concerned that the DND research
may provide this understanding, a
fear that hasn't been confirmed or
denied because the details of the
research are classified.
Meanwhile the research continues and, as recently as November 1986, DND awarded $152,000
to the office of Industrial Research
at McGill for a "study ofthe formation of detonation by turbulent
mixing and transition from
deflagration  to  detonation".
In early 1987, the
local chapter of Sci-
see 'UBC' page 9
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