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The Ubyssey Mar 4, 1988

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Array THE UBYSSE
El Salvador's press is silenced while
their underground radio struggles
to broadcast
information to the people
n El Salvador, a print media politically independent ofthe
government does not exist. Since Jose Napoleon Duarte came to
power in 1980, the government has effectively closed down every
alternative print publication. The government and paramilitary
death squads have achieved control of the media through a
highly effective system of terror and censorship.
Reporters in El Salvador are gunned down by the death
squads. La Chronica del Pueblo, an independent newspaper, was
shut down in 1979 after the editor was shot. Twenty-three journalists have been killed in past years. Included are four journalists from Holland, Mexican writer Ignacio Gonzalez, and American journalist John Sullivan.
By Jeff Silverstein
If death squads don't close papers by
terror, the government shuts them down.
Such was the fate of Associated Press
International in 1981, and YSAX - Voice
ofthe Church in 1982.
Other journalists are forced into
exile. Vida Cuadra lives in Vancouver
today, but seven years ago she was owner
and director of Associated Press International, El Salvador's only national news
agency. The news agency began
operations in October, 1978 and produced
issues until it was closed down by the
government in January, 1981. El Inde-
pendentie, the last non-governmental
print publication was closed one week
later.
"We (progressive journalists) were
searching for a way to report on the civil
war independent of government control?
says Cuadra. "We created API because we
believed it would never be possible to
have peace and social justice in El
Salvador if people didn't know the truth.
We tried to tell the truth but when we did
this they told we were "subversives' and
were constantly subjected to threats."
API was a highly regarded source of
information among the international
news agencies, reporting news before both
the Associated Press and Reuters news
agencies. The news was sent overseas by
telex but API repeatedly had to deal with
the government intercepting the telex and
rewriting it before sending it overseas.
In 1979 Cuadra, her co-workers and
their families   began to receive threats
from the death squads. Leave the country
or be killed was the message. Death
squads would follow Cuadra and her coworkers home to intimidate them. They
would taunt the staff and surround the
news office with rifles (U.S. army issue G-
3's) trained on the windows.
Despite the government's efforts, the
staff returned with the kind of courage
that has become synonomous with those
struggling to change the status quo in El
Salvador. "Ifyou live in a country when
people die every day and human rights
are being violated, it's difficult to act
alone and leave the country. Ifyou see the
people suffering, you can't abandon this
point of view," said Cuadra.
But the decision whether or not to
leave the country was finally denied the
workers at API. On January 15,1981, the
staff was arrested by the military. Cuadra
arrived at the office and was immediately
captured. "At that moment, I lost my fear
and demanded the captain to produce his
orders. He said that he didn't need orders
since the country was in a state of siege,"
says Cuadra.
It was only through international
press coverage of her case and repeated
telegrams from the international news
agencies that Cuadra was released from
prison.
The lack of alternative print news
sources has allowed Duarte's government,
to prevent the plight ofthe Salvadoran
people to be told in the U.S. press.
Marc Cooper, a freelance journalist
who has won seven awards for his
reporting on El Salvador, analysed more
than 800 articles taken from The New
York Times, the Los Angeles Times, The
Washington Post, The Christian Science
Moniter and The Miami Herald from
March 1984 through October 1985.
He discovered the Salvador story was no
longer being reported as one of repression,
escalating war and massive human rights
violations, but rather as one of hope for
peace.
"The reporting on Duarte's first
months in office spent hundreds of
column inches on his promises to end
political killings and investigate death
squads, virtually ignoring Duarte's
political record? Cooper writes in Index
on Censorship.
"In a close parallel with the official
State Department view, press coverage
tended to ignore the fact that Duarte was
nominally head ofthe military-civilian
junta from December 1980 to May 1982, a
time when as many as 1,000 civilians a
month were being killed by government
arid para-governmental forces."
Journalists arriving in El Salvador
today must first register with the army
where the armed forces press committee,
COPREFA, hands over a press release on
current developments. The U.S. embassy
has a briefing every day and information
is also available at Government House -
the El Salvadoran equivalent to the White
House.
Currently papers in El Salvador are
owned either by the far right (El Diario
de Hoy, La Prensa Grafica, El Mundo, and
Diario Latino) or by the government itself
(Diario Official).
The Duarte government, by brutally
controlling the flow of information in El
Salvador, has attempted to prevent the
mass movement from growing both in size
and recognition.
But, as the Duarte government effectively closed down all alternative print
publications, two rebel radio stations
began broadcasting on a shortwave
frequency. Radio Venceremos and
Radio Farabundi Marti send their
broadcasts all over the world supplying
journalists with an alternative source of
information as well as helping the
growing mass movement in El Salvador.
Despite the fact that Colonel Oliver
North testified at the Iran-Contra
hearings that the radio stations were
operating out of Managua using sophisticated relay stations inside El Salvador,
the U.S government has positioned a ship
in the Gulf of Fonseca that tries to
overpower the transmission with loud
American rock-n-roll.
Duarte's government has repeatedly
tried to knock out a repeater station at
the top of Guazapo volcanoe (50 kilometres from the capital) by mobolizing
troops.
Not only are journalists faced with
the problem of getting alternative news
on the civil war, but they face pressures
in the U.S. Newspaper editors are more
prone to grasp at dramatic events couched
in readily digestible formulas; East versus
West, democracy versus communism,
moderation versus extremism, and ignore
historical analysis.
The roots of the civil war stem from a
massive disparity between the rich and
the poor. With a population hovering
VOLUME 70, Number 42
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, March 4,1988 Classified
Rates: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines,
$3.00, additional lines GO cents,
commercial - 3 lines $5.00, additional lines, 75 cents. (10% DISCOUNT ON 25 ISSUES OR MORE)
Classified ads payable in advance.
Deadline 4:00 p.m. two days before
publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC,
Van., B.C.  V6T 2A7
05 - COMING EVENTS
THE VANCOUVER INSTITUTE
Free Public Lecture
FROM WHITE DWARFS TO BLACK
HOLES: THE STORY OF A
REVOLUTIONARY IDEA
Professor Werner Israel
Department of Physics
University of Alberta, Edmonton
Saturday, March 5
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Building
8:15 p.m.
11 - FOR SALE PRIVATE
NICK JVC Turntable, S75. Kenwood turntable, $45. Older Harmon Kardon amp., $50.
Pr. a way spkrs, S125. Mark or lion, 874-
5455.
197(5 HONDA CIVIC HI?, new battery, good
running condition, urgent must sell, S600
OHO. Call 224-2303.
1980 MUSTANG, 82,000 km, top condition.
1 owner. Must sell. Asking $3250. 253-31 81
eves.
WHAT A RARCAINH Mike shoots down
high prices - 1 973 Ford Cortina 2000, automatic, new transmission, exhaust, etc., only
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$155-MONTH: beautiful Shaughnessy
home bdrm. with own bath & laundry facilities, near 41st & Gran. PreC N/S Kern, student.. _ot>-_u,u> U-isa ot" Tom,).
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30 - JOBS
NEED EXTRA CASH? Minima] time produces maxi mum gains. Risk-free $35 investment. (587-2431.
SMALL TRUCK OR VAN DRIVER needed
for fast-growing decorating business. Must
have abilities in horticulture and basic carpentry, and be well-groomed for customer
service. Flexible hrs. Apply in writing only to
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JAPANESE SPEAKING TOURGUIDES
We are looking for tour guides a nddti vers
who can work from early May to September. Applicants mustbe fluently bilingual
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is an asset in both jobs but we will train
promising applicants. Send resumes to:
Tourland Travel Let., 200-900 W. Georgia St., Vancouver, B.C. V6C 2W6. Resumes should be writ ten in native language
of applicant but follow traditional Canadian resume format.
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WHITE WOOL SCARF between MacMillan
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LOST - GOLD WATCH around Wesb. or
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Please call Marisa @ 224-4706.
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Branch at 2685 W. Broadway.
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NEED CAREER RELATED experience?
Get the experience you need for the job you
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Brock Hall 200, or call 228-3811.
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Learn how you can promote civil liberties
and free enterprise. Call David 266-6498;
Paul 438-6127.
80 - TUTORING
YOU CANNOT AFFORD to lose marks on
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Rate: $15/hr. 222-2505.
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WORD PROCESSING SPECIALISTS - U
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research assistance. 327-0425 (before 10
p.m.).
YEAR-ROUND EXPERT essay, theses,
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Between
Ayn Rand Club
Lecture #8: "The bad premises of
empiricism." 7-10 p.m., SUB 212a.
NOTE: "Noon" = 12:30 -1:30 p.ra.
FRIDAY
The Young Socialists Club
Lecture from a woman recently
returned from  Nicaragua,   with
film   "Americas  in  Transition?
Both free! Noon, SUB 215.
Department of English
Poetry reading. Noon, Buch A104.
Biological Sciences Society (Bio-
Soc)
Bzzr Garden. 5 p.m., Biol. 2449.
Polish Students' Association
General Meeting: new members
welcome!   5:30   p.m.,   Graduate
Student Center Penthouse.
UBC Film Society
Films: "Beverly Hills Cop I" starring Eddie Murphy. 7 p.m.; "Project X? starring Matthew Broderick, 9:30 p.m. SUB Auditorium.
SATURDAY
Orthodox Christian Fellowship
Vigil, 5 p.m. St. Andrew's Hall,
6040 Iona Drive.
UBC Film Society
Films: "Beverly Hills Cop II" (7
p.m.) and "Project X" (9:30 p.m.).
SUB Auditorium.
UBC Musicians Network
Jam session and annual general
meeting. 7 p.m.-12 a.m., SUB 212.
SUNDAY
Orthodox Christian Fellowship
St. Gregory Palamas: Liturgy of
St. Basil the Great. 9:30 a.m., St.
Andrew's Hall, 6040 Iona Drive.
Lutheran Student Movement
Communion Service, 10 a.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
UBC Film Society
Films: "Beverly Hills Cop IF (7
p.m.) and "Project X" (9:30 p.m.).
SUB Auditorium.
Lutheran Student Movement
Evening Prayer. 7:30 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
MONDAY
Indonesia Development Resource
& Policy Project
(Institute of Asian Research)
Indonesia Week presentation: discussion by Ms. Alex Volkoff (CIDA
Program Director for Indonesia)
on 'Canada and Indonesia: a growing relationship'. Noon-l:20 p.m.,
Asian Centre.
ALSO: Discussion by Richard
Shutler (SFU Prof, of Archaeology
on 'Early Man in Java', 3:30-4:30
p.m., Asian Centre, Seminar Rm.
604.
ALSO: Discussion by Dr. Sandra
Niessen (UBC Museum of Anthropology) on 'North Sumatran Textiles: Ancient and Modern'. 4:30-
5:30 p.m., Asian Centre Seminar
Rm. 604.
UBC Film Society
Classic SUBFilms: Robert DeNiro
in "Taxi Driver? a Martin Score -
ese film. 7 & 9:30 p.m., SUB Theatre, SUB.
Law Students Association - Law
Revue
A "Mostly Motown" musical revue
(for charity). SUB Ballroom, tix at
door.
TUESDAY
Biological Sciences Society
Meeting: Nominations & elections
for 1988-89 executive. Noon, Biol.
2449.
Maranatha Christian Club
Current issues  from  Christian
perspective. Noon, SUB 205.
Jewish   Students'   Association/
Hillel
Hot lunch with live music. Noon,
Hillel House.
Indonesia Development Resource
& Policy Project
(Institute of Asian Research)
Indonesia   Week   Presentation:
discussion by Dr. Geoffrey Hainsworth (UBC Professor of Economics) on 'Indonesian development
strategy in historical perspective'.
Noon-1:20   p.m.,   Asian   Centre
Seminar Rm. 604.
ALSO: Indonesian Graduate Students in Education at UBC speak-
ingon:'Education in Indonesia'. 3-
4:30 p.m., Asian Centre, Seminar
Rm. 604.
ALSO: Discussin by Ms. Toeti
Kakiailatu (journalist and co-
founder of Indonesia's leading
newsmagazine) on 'The Indonesian Press: an insider's view'. 4:30-
6 p.m., Asian Centre, Seminar
Rm. 604.
ALSO: Performance by Simon
Fraser University Gamelan Orchestra: Javanese and Balinese
music. 7-8:30 p.m., Asian Centre
Auditorium.
,1*1. a p o~\t
MINIMI
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FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE
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A Naughty, Hilarious French Farce
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2/THE UBYSSEY
March 4,1988 Enlightened student displays avant-garde paint job
Photo Jennifer lyall
Natives join CFS
By Antoine St-Pierre
The lure of a national lobbying network to increase the native
issues profile encouraged
Vancouver's Native Educational
Centre to become the first native
student body to join the Canadian
Federation of Students.
Sixty-five per cent of the student population voted in favour of
paying the $3.75 per student per
semester necessary to join the
student federation.
Phil Stewart, head of the
native student body, said the first
priority would be to address the
proposed spending cap on federal
assistance to native students.
The recommendation, introduced by the minister of Indians
Affairs, wouldrestricteligibility to
existing programs. New mature
students, for example, will not
receive government funding to
attend the Native Education
Centre. "It is hypocritical of the
government to encourage natives
to pursue studies while lowering
their financial support? said CFS
research coordinator Stephen
Scott.
Phil Stewart, head of the native student body, said itis vital to
convince the government and the
public that native education is a
pressing issue.
"Only two per cent of B.C. native youth graduate from public
high schools. Better funding and a
leadership role from both levels of
government would really help
young native people who battle
problems of unemployment and
alcoholism? said Stewart.
Stewart said the government
should take an active part in discouraging discrimination and
implementing native issues in a
school setting.
Stewart said eighty-five per
cent of the school's graduates go
on to positions in the job market or
to further studies.
Founded twenty years ago,
the Centre offers adult native students a curriculum ranging from
native art to computer training.
Courses are taught at Vancouver Community College,
Douglas College, and are administered by the Musquem band
which benefits from a tax-exempt
status.
Students will hold fundraising events as well as paying increasing student fees.
SFU students lose fee fight
VANCOUVER (CUP) — Over
100 angry students jammed the
meeting, surrounding the board of
governors with a 100 metre list of
complaints against higher fees,
but the majority of Simon Fraser
University's top decision-making
body voted in favour of a tuition
hike on Feb.23.
The 4.6 per cent increase
means undergraduate students
will pay $30 more per semester
next year. The board also voted to
increase differential fees for undergraduate visa students.
SFU student Pat Bordon
shouted at board members, "For
you guys, 60 dollars is dinner and
a night out on the town. For most
students, it's two weeks worth of
food."
"Fees have gone up 150 per
cent in the last few years and it's
disgusting," said Kavon
Rouhytilla, another unimpressed
student at the meeting. "And if
people don't do anything about it
now they'll go up 'till they're blue
in the face?
The board conceded on two
major grievances. Graduate fees
for initial years of study will remain untouched, but will rise $30
to $45 per semester for selected
later years. The board also voted to
decrease fees for the university's
work-study program, among the
highest in Canada, by $52 to $300
per semester.
The board's decision caps an
extensive two week "freeze the
fees" campaign by the student
society, which sought to pressure
the board to reject fee increase
proposals and work with students
and faculty to lobby the provincial
government for more funding.
Paul Mendes, student society
external relations officer, who
organized the campaign, presented the board with 1,300 postcards calling for a tuition freeze,
and a petition with 1,700 signatures protesting differential fees
for foreign students.
Mendes was encouraged by
the concessions gained at the
meeting, but heavily criticized the
board's decision to pass the tuition
increases in the face of numerous
briefs on the impact of tuition increases.
"These people have completely missed the point we're
trying to get across? he said.
"They have completely missed the
point as to what the cumulative
effects of increased tuition fees
have meant to this
university...(and) the importance
of a public lobby, and to me that's
very sad."
But Mendes was pleased
"that we managed in such a short
time to get this level of support. We
packed this hall like it hasn't been
packed in 15 years?
Much of the protest was lead
by visa student Haje Protais,
wearing a mock military uniform,
pulling behind him a chained
"student" in a skeleton mask and
graduation cap and gown.
The skeleton pleaded with
Protais for a degree, while Protais'
demands for "more money" were
met with chants of "freeze the fees"
from the students.
"Think about it? sai d Protais,
"in a country like Canada, students have to use food banks."
Protais spoke on behalf of
international student:?, calling
SFU's differential fees "discriminatory" (SFU visa students pay up
to twice that of domestic: students,
depending on when they enter the
university).
The meeting was often interrupted by chants, jeers and catcalls from students, one of whom
was almost expelled from the
meeting for his comments towards
SFU president Bill Say well.
Board members contend the
university needs the increased
tuition to offset tuition costs, and
avoid further problems of limit
courses, overcrowding and poor
quality teaching staff.
Ernie Scott, SFU vice-president of finance, says the increased
fees should bring in roughly
$500,000 in additional revenues.
Don Hudson, chair of the
board, said he plans to arrange a
meeting on the issue of tuition fee
levels within the next six weeks
between minister of advanced
education, Stan Hagen, SFU
president Saywell, himself, and
the president of the student society.
Faculty representative to the
board Klaus Riechoff ;said he was
impressed by the protest. "The
presentation was very well done,
and it had an impact; there's no
question about it. It riade people
think about things?
Peripatetic photographer pries into pondering pupil's painful pedes
Socreds debate
UBC lands' future
The provincial government
has asked Socred backbencher
John Jansen to undertake a study
on the future of the University
Endowment Lands.
The Chilliwack MLA will
"consider what uses are most appropriate for the U.E.L." and report back to cabinet April 15, according to Jansen's secretary,
Nicky Brown.
Brown said Jansen has not
decided whether his review will be
done alone or by a committee but
said interested parties will be
contacted and submissions will be
"most welcome."
Controversy over the U.E.L.
erupted last summer after the
University of British Columbia
presented the government building plans for market housing on
the forested properties.
Point Grey citizens responded
by demanding the endowment
lands be turned into a park; hundreds attended meetings to protest the housing proposal.
As a result the province was
forced to put plans on hold pending
an October 1987 cabinet presentation by Kim Campbell, Point-Grey
Socred MLA.
Two months later, in December, UBC president David Strangway wrote a letter to premier Bill
Vander Zalm asking the land be
turned over to the university.
Since then, UBC has continued to lobby for the right to build
housing on the U.E.L. and has
established the UBC Real Estate
Corporation to facilitate building
programs.
March 4,1988
THE UBYSSEY/3 Arafat isolated by language
game in Fromm's interview
Western aid fails
Perspective
. Barbara Fromm's interview
of the Palestinian leader Yasser
Arafat, on January 14, on the
CBC's The Journal, demonstrated
that she might not have been the
ideal candidate to conduct such an
interview, assuming that fair and
even-handedly proving analysis of
international conflicts, the sine
qua non of truly honest journalism, be an article of faith of the
CBC.
By her implied and spoken
assumptions, by her speech ideology (the beliefs that are asserted
through a specific psychological
use ofthe elements of speech), the
interviewer turned the interview
into a confrontation between Israeli views and Palestinian views,
leaving little or no room for the
views of those who have been sen
sitized by the reality ofthe Israeli
invasion of Lebanon or the occupation of Palestine, simply
but powerfully brought
to the collective consciousness by
television images. This could have
made sense if the interviewer
were, as Mr. Arafat perceptively
put it, officially representing the
Israeli government and not the
Canadian public.
It mattered little to Ms.
Fromm's context that the Israeli
government is publically on record
as refusing to recognize the Palestinian rights, to negotiate with the
Palestinians under any circumstances (except those that would
guarantee a Middle East Paxa
Herbaica) and that the Prime
Minister of Israel is on record as
opposing the very idea of an international peace conference.
Ms. Fromm's speech ideology
was used to reconstruct the unpleasant (from the Israeli point of
view) reality of international condemnation of Israeli repression
and killing of Palestinians. By
repeatedly using the expression
"the whole world" and putting it in
a linguistic opposition, thus creating ideological contrast, to Mr.
Arafat, in questions starting like
this: "the whole world is waiting
for you, why wouldn't you...., the
whole world is watching you, why
can't you....Israel is waiting for
you to make a move..." the interviewer managed to isolate Mr.
Arafat and make him seem re
sponsible for obstructing peace
and for holding up what the "whole
world" is waiting for; by the same
linguistic device she managed to
put the whole world behind Israel
(since the whole world and Israel
are anxiously waiting together in
ore camp - the good one - for an
A_<_fat isolated in another camp -
the bad one) when in fact the
"whole world" has been condemning Israeli repression ofthe Palestinians.
The interviewer also managed, with her speech ideology, to
further isolate Mr. Arafat by another linguistic construction. By
repeatedly using the interrogative
pronoun "why" throughout her
questions, and by repeating the
statement "I don't understand!",
she conveyed the impression that
the position ofthe Palestinians is
incomprehensible, strange and
difficult to relate
to. She thus implied that it is the
Palestinians who
have to change because we can't
understand their behaviour. One
got the impression that the Palestinians are not only trouble-makers military and politically, but
that they also behave strangely.
The Israeli officials, by contrast,
relate better to the media, and
therefore to us, and they speak a
language we can understand: law
and order. The Palestinians carry
with them the cumbersome media
image of terrorists or potential
terrorists and the relationship
with the media has generally been
conflictual and antagonistic.
Within this context the
interviewer's inability to relate to
the Palestinian leader is both
understandable and inevitably
damaging to the Palestinians.
Ms. Fromm is too intelligent
to have overlooked the implications of her ideology, but her uncritical espousal of standard Israeli and American assumptions,
which are at variance with the
international consensus, has ill
prepared her for an intellectually
honest examination of the Palestinian suffering and its roots, and
ofthe consequences of ignoring it.
Dr. Adel Safty is a visiting professor of political science at SFU. He
will be lecturing at UBC on March
10, 13, and 18, 1988.
Criticism of Suziki continued
continued frontpage 11
insects. Understanding is relative. We do not know all about silk
worms but we do know how to
cultivate them to produce silk.
Given the necessary inputs
forests can be managed sensitively for the totality of forest values. This is not open to argument.
The forests of alpine Europe that I
referred to at the beginning of this
letter provide incontrovertable
evidence, as do those in other parts
of the world and as indeed, did
considerable tracts of moist tropical high forest that had been under
conservative forest management
for more than one hundred years,
before the loss of forestry control
that was the unfortunate con-
commitant of the end of the colonial era.
The science of ecology had its
beginnings in the managed forests
of middle Europe. In many,
though not all cases, the
ecosystems of these long managed
forests have certainly been simplified but this is inherent in all
husbandry, whether this be forestry or farming. Dr. Suzuki criticizes but does not advance solutions. He looks back to an idealic
golden age that never existed, the
myth of the noble savage in har-
contlnued from page 1
somewhere around 6 million
people, the economy of El
Salvador remains dependent on
export cash crops hke coffee,
sugar, and cotton. The elite, representing two per cent ofthe
population owns and controls
more than 60 per cent of the
land.
Before his assasination in
1979 by right wing death squads,
Archbishop Oscar Romero said,
"the cause of all our ills is the
oligarchy - that handful of
families who care nothing for the
hunger of the people, but need
that hunger in order to have
cheap, abundant labour to raise
and export their crops."
The U.S. tried to solve El
Salvador's land problem by
throwing money at the government for equipment and land
purchases. President John
Kennedy's Alliance for Progress
tried to prevent the rise of
communism by instituting agrarian reform beginning in 1961.
Eighty-eight million dollars later
(1961 -1968) the reforms failed
miserably.
The rural conditions in El
Salvador are abysmal - 50 per
cent ofthe children die before
reaching the age of five, 75 per
cent of the children are malnourished, there is one doctor per
35,000 inhabitants, and the
average life expectancy is 40
years of age. Nationally, 70 per
cent of the population is still
landless.
Many of the land reforms
were aborted by the powerful
elites, passing laws on paper and
not implementing reform. As
with other U.S. projects in the
1960's, western ideas about
development did not mesh with
the local reality.
With the failure of agrarian
reform and the emergence of a
mass movement opposing the
government, the focus of U.S. aid
has shifted from agrarian reform
to guns. The Reagan administration recently approved $770
million in aid for 1988, to the
government of El Salvador, an
amount higher than the entire
national budget of El Salvador.
Sixty nine per cent of this
money, or $531 million, was
allocated to "functioning" or the
war effort.
Jose Torres from CODYDES,
The Unemployed Workers
Union, says the money presently
allocated for aid does not reach
the people.
Recently, there was a
shipment of medicine
sent to the University of
El Salvador. It was
intercepted and taken
directly to military
headquarters.
"Since the government has
not responded adequately to the
1986 earthquake, the UNTS
(mass movement) has asked for
aid and basic goods from the cooperatives and unions that are
members. We felt that we needed
to do this because while the government receives aid from overseas and distributes it to the
local council, the aid does not
reach those who need it.
"It (the money) is being used
politically by all those connected
with the Christian Democrats,
the party in power. Recently,
there was a shipment of medicine sent to the University of El
Salvador. It was intercepted and
taken directly to military
headquarters."
The Canadian government
has sent 8.9 million dollars
worth of economic bilateral aid to
El Salvador. The government legitimized the aid citing supposed
decreases in human rights
abuses.
But the "wave of terror" in
El Salvador is continuing. Father
Jesus Delgado said in a February
14,1988, homily, that Salvadoran bishops have once again
denounced the "organization of
death squads." He protested the
fact that there has been more effort to save institutions like the
army and the government than
there has been to save human
lives.
And still U.S. companies
continue to invest in El Salvador.
"The labour force here is one of
the finest in the world because it
is easily trainable, has a very low
turnover, and a very high competitive ambiance for the
workers here?    Don Drysdale,
director of the American Chamber of Commerce in El Salvador,
says in Que Viva: Labor in El
Salvador, a 1987 video put
together by union officials in
Washington State.
"It's very tempting to U.S
companies to go down there
where they can find a free trade
zone, pay no taxes or tariffs,
where the army will come in and
insure that there is no chance of
a union? Dave Dyson, a textile
union director, says in Que Viva.
"No longer do they have to
go half way around the world to
the far east to find conditions
like this? adds Dyson.
The Duarte government has
successfully managed to put
behind bars or send into exile
'subversives' but the airwaves
and the determination ofthe El
Salvadoran people remain free.
mony with nature. Unless man is
to retreat to a hunter/gatherer
existence we must use the products ofthe land until such time as
scientists such as Suzuki are able
to show us how to survive on laboratory raised Drosophila.
It would be interesting to
learn how he suggests we provide
for the essential needs ofthe teeming millions ofthe world's population if we are to cease the husbandry of forest and farm. It
would appear that he almost
seems to believe that every organism but man has a right to exist
and compete in the ecosystem. He j
referred to the loss of countless j
species through the cutting of forest. Perhaps he would tell us how
many species are in fact truly endangered by the present forest
practices in B.C.
I would remind Suzuki that,
despite the take-over bids of some
latter-day environmentalists, the
very word conservation has vener-   '•
able forestry origins and indeed is
a synonym for forest management   j
and, assuch.wasusedbytheorigi-   !
nal 19th century practicing envi-   j
ronmentalists, the foresters, long
before the present-day environmental movement was born. I
continued on page 5
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4/THE UBYSSEY
March 4,1988 UVic students defeat
constitution changes
By Sherryl Yeager
-Victoria (CUP)
A small group of people
stacked the UVic Student
Society's Annual Gereral Meeting, stalled for nine hours, then defeated the proposed amendments
to the constitution said Mike Geoghegan, student vice-president
finance.
The procedural tactics used
by the group were, "partially filibustering, partially paranoia and
mostly mindless hostility to our
membership in the Canadian
Federation of Students? said
Geoghegan.
Throughout the meeting Andrew Blackman, a former council
member, and others opposed the
meeting's chair, Robert Clift, Pacific region chair for the Canadain
Federation of Students. The group
also objected every time question
was called, forcing a vote on
whether or not to vote.
The group also opposed an
alternating speaker's list, as well
as any limits on the number of
times a person could speak, and
how long speeches would last.
Motions to adjourn the meeting were made by the group twice.
When 7:00 p.m. neared, Blackman
requested the entire constitution
UBC hospital to demand
pre-payment for abortion
By Lindsay Elliott
UBC Health Sciences Centre
Hospital will be adhering to the
provincial policy of requiring payment up-front for abortions after
merging with Vancouver's
Shaughnessy Hospital in the near
future.
B.C.'s new policy of pre-payment allows abortions to women
who can afford to pay while forcing
women who cannot pay to carry a
pregnancy to term, according to
the province's pro-choice groups.
Some hospitals such as Vancouver General Hospital are now
expecting payment in full - $400 to
$450 - before performing abortions.
However, Lynn Percival, public relations director for the soon-
to-be merged hospitals said she
doesn't think women who cannot
pay will be turned away. "We'd
have to see what alternatives
there are available. And we don't
have an answer to that yet."
But Dr. Percival Smith, director of Student Health Services at
UBC said he doesn't forsee any
immediate change in the situation
of refusing abortions to women
who cannot pay. "Any change will
emanate from a political decision",
he said.
Currently UBC Health Sciences Centre Hospital does not
have abortion facilities.
But allowing hospitals like
UBC and Shaughnessy to implement the pre-payment policy will
lead to a two tier health plan say
provincial pro-choice groups.
Hilda Thomas, a UBC English Professor and spokesperson
for the B.C. Coalition for Abortion
Clinics said "under the B.C. Medical Plan, all people are entitled to
medical care, women should have
the right to make their own moral
choices about their own bodies."
And Smith said the two tier
health care system was introduced undemocratically.
"We all pay medical premiums for medical services, and
suddenly a service has been taken
away without first going through a
legislative decision making process".
Brenda Montgomery, spokesperson for a pro-life organization
said the two tiered system for
providing abortions was not
unusual to B.C.'s health care system.
"More services have always
been available to the rich than to
the poor - that's always how it has
been."
She said calling B.C.'s abortion system two-tiered was inaccurate. Neither the rich nor the poor
can have an abortion and charge it
to the Medical Services Plan, she
said.
Montgomery said it was
within the provincial
government's right to deem what
was necessary health care and
what was not. "Abortion is not a
necessary procedure, it is classified as elective surgery".
"Just as massage therapy,
and sex change operations were
withdrawn from medicare, with-
continued from page 4
I have spent most of my field
career in conservationist and rehabilitative forestry. Itisforthis
reason that 1 welcome the concern and interest of such groups
as the Environmental Interest
Group and the general tenor of
your thoughtful editorial. There
is need for informed public discussion of resource issues. To
use your well-chosen phrase,
"how we choose to manage our
natural resources and in turn
effect the landscape must be a
collective process, time is run
ning out for misunderstanding".
Understanding will result, not
from confrontation and
acrimony but through constructive discussion and consultation
on the part of all concerned for
the conservation—the wise
use—of natural resources. At all
costs we must avoid the trap of
thinking that protagonists on either side ofthe debate are uncaring people—mistaken maybe,
misinformed, possibly, but
people of ill will, no.
(Dr.) J.V. Thirgood
Faculty of Forestry
out first going through ~he legislative process, abortion can also be
taken away? said Montgomery.
But Thomas said "it (is) ludicrous to be speaking alwut tummy
tucks, and bringing a new child
into the world within the same
classification."
"When Dr. Pat McGeer comments that he found Vander
Zalm's speech offensive - you know
this time, he (Vander Zalm) has
crossed over that line." "People
are shocked, and horrified by his
ignorance? she said.
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be read before the vote. He then
left the room several times during
the reading.
When asked if he utilized this
time to stack the meeting, Black-
man said, "I didn't do any relevant
stacking after 8:00 p.m."
"I started stacking the meeting two weeks ago? he said.
"I stacked the meeting properly
with interested people who were
there because they wanted to be
there."
Members of the student council
said over fifty percent of the
amendments were rewrites ofthe
old constitution.
"This minority attempted to
filibuster until 7:00 p.m. when we
had vacate (the Cinicenta). Then
when we reconvened in the SUB
upper lounge they continued to
filibuster so they'd have time to
grab some of their friends from the
residence and the bart. So they
ended up having one third of the
vote? said Geoghegan.
In order to pass, the
constitution needed a seventy-five
percent majority in favour. It was
defeated by 11 votes.
The major change to the
constitution was allowing the student council to increase student
fees at the AGM. This would encourage students to attend and
vote at the meetings said
Geohegan.
"The basic aim of the
constitution was to put students
back in control ofthe organization
which they fund and to give it the
kind of structure which will enable
the students union to handle financial and other crisis? said
Geohegan.
Blackman said he is opposed
to the annual general meeting
being more powerful than the student council.
"Through referendum we
elect people to run the society on a
day to day basis? said Blackman.
"The student council always has
had more power and alwa.ys
should have."
CIA photo fiend focussing on campus
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March 4,1988
THE UBYSSEY/5 McMASTER UNIVERSITY
invites applications for
HARRY LYMAN HOOKER
SENIOR GRADUATE
SCHOLARSHIPS
$20,000/each
Deadline for applications to departments is April 1st. 1988
Cities endanger balance
GRADUATING
Annual General Meeting of all graduating students. Friday, March llth
12:30, SUB Ballroom.. Voting for
Grad  Class  gifts  and  other  Grad
News.
THIS IS IMPORTANT!
BE THERE
By Catherine Lu
A recent report released by a
United Nations Environment
Commission was attacked by a
UBC urbanization professor for
ignoring the influence of urban
areas on the natural environment,
during a lecture series Tuesday.
"The danger to the world's
population today through the ruin
of the natural setting surpasses
the danger posed by military conflict? said Dr. Peter Oberlander,
director of the Centre for Human
Settlement.
The  World  Commission  on
Environment   and   Development
:! did not link acid rain, the deple-
tion ofthe ozone layer, and other
j environmental problems to "a far
| more, serious  underlying  cause:
{ urbanization," said Oberlander.
;j "Canadians are still victims of
■ some self-delusion that Canada's
land   mass   is   vast,   population
small, and land shortages simply
can't exist? Oberlander said.
He quoted a statistic iterated
by federal minister of environment Tom McMillan, who told the
United Nations last October that
in Canada alone, 26 acres of productive farmland are lost every
hour to urbanization.
Oberlander said since the cities in which we live by choice are
man-made, "they can be un-made
or at least they can be managed
and improved, in balance with
nature, in balance with itself."
Oberlander stressed the need
to act locally to solve this global
problem.
"To sign petitions, to wave
flags, to do all sorts of other things,
which are sometimes exciting and
fulfill (humanity's) aspirations for
the moment - that's easy," he said.
"But for us to get re-organized and
do a kind of day by day job-1 think
we could pioneer something," he
said.
These changes involve putting environmental concerns at
the centre of decision-making
rather than the peripheral.
The city, a focus of political
power and economic growth, is the
place to which the majority of
people are flocking "often in imagined and sometimes fulfilled expectations for a better life, if not
for themselves, at least for their
children? he said.
"The city historically has been
a focus and locus of considerable
human progress," said Oberlander. "On the other hand, progress
seems to defeat itself? with the
environment being unable to accommodate the vast demands of
large populations.
Oberlander also said some
developing countries can no longer
solve their problems locally, but
need help from the developed
countries. The world is obligated
to aid them, he said because although developed and developing
countries appear divided, they are
in reality, part of one world.
"Time is runningout,"he said.
Effective action must be taken or
"we could be the last dinosaurs."
Bonus bucks attract students
UVic AMS discovers way to ensure good turn out
"...The King of Camp...captures the innocence
of the early'60s..."
- Marke Andrews, VANCOUVER SUN
"...hybrid hysteria - like American Bandstand
meets 'Guess Who's Coming to Dinner'...
hopelessly twisted and profoundly funny..."
-Liz Braun, TORONTO SUN
Good Morning America
Siskel & Ebert
Time
VICTORIA (CUP) — Quorum
is so foreign to the University of
Victoria student society annual
general meeting that the board of
directors is virtually paying students to come out.
"In order to encourage students to attend, we're issuing
StudentSaver bucks," said Pam
Frache, student society president.
Each buck is good for a $1
discount at either ofthe two union
building cafeterias.
"I think it will generate revenue (for the cafeterias) and will
pay for itself, which is the whole
reason for the coupons? said Fra
che.
"It's an advertising thing for
the cafteria because their budget
has been so depleted this year,"
said Frache, adding, "advertising
is absorbed as expenses."
Frache sees a real need for the
promotional offer.
"Currently there's no real
purpose in coming to general
meetings? she said. "According to
our current bylaws the meeting
has no tangible legislative author-
ity."
Student senator, Bernard von
Schulmann said "the only thing
that (the AGM) has absolute legis
lative authority on is that it can
change the (student society)
constitution."
Frache said she didn't thinkit
was immoral to pay people to vote
at an annual general meeting. "It's
encouraging people to attend and I
don't see anything wrong with
that."
The StudentSaver bucks are
available to the first 100 students
who enter the auditorium, and
they will be validated only after
the meeting has been in progress
for one hour.
Once validated, they are good
indefinitely.
(Sj) An ASTRAL FILMS Release
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AMS SUMMER PROJECTS
W  CALL FOR PROPOSALS   W
The Alma Mater Society is now receiving proposals from
students for A.M.S. project Coordinators.
The scope of possible projects is limited to those that will
benefit a majority of students overall. In the past, projects
have included the AMS Bookstore, the Pathfinder Calendar, "Ask Me" information, and a questionnaire concerning
AMS activities.
Proposals are to include a description, budget and work
schedule. These proposals will be reviewed by the AMS
Hiring Committee and presented to Students' Council for
approval.
Proposals can be submitted to the AMS Administrative
Assistant in SUB Room 238.
Deadline for submissions
4:00 p.m. March 25th, 1988.
A call for applications for the position of Summer Project
Coordinator will follow in next issue.
ill
■■■Bi
|||||§1^
Ubyssey
Editorial
Elections
Anyone running for a
position on the
editorial collective
should make an
appointment to be
screened on
Mar. 7,8, and _).
be there or
be square.
CALL FOR NOMINATIONS
for A.M.S.
Executive Position
Director of Finance
Close of Nominations:
4:00 pm, Tuesday, March 15th
Nomination forms can be obtained and then returned to the A.M.S.
Administrative Assistant, SUB 238.
6/THE UBYSSEY
March 4,1988 Free Trade to aid
Canadian geers
By David Crawford
Under the Free Trade Agreement, engineers and accountants
in professional consulting services
will find it easier to obtain temporary permits (greencards) to work
in the United States.
The agreement will also revise
occupational licensing procedures
to allow otherwise qualified Canadians to hold visitors licenses to
work in their own profession.
The agreement provides similar opportunity for Canandians
who wish to import American
expertise into Canada. Currently,
Canadians wanting access in the
American market usually form
American based companies and
employ Americans.
"The Free Trade Agreement
opens the door for technical profes-
photo heather Jenkins
Montreal engineer Robespierre Schmendge planned to try out concrete
toboggan by launching it off the top of Buchanan tower last week. The late
'geer, who was scraped off the ground with a spatula after his attempt (see
disgusting photo page 1), said "I have nothing to worry about because my
medical insurance is all paid up and I have 'a piece ofthe rock.'" Funeral
services will be Tuesday.
Happt 22T.D
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sionals to work south of ine border? said John Leech, Executive
Director of the Applied Science
Technologists and Technicians of
B.C.
Jim Keen, president of the
Consulting Engineers of B.C, said,
"today, the main obstacles to
working in the U.S are work permits and general red tap.. The
fewer governmental restrictions,
the better?
In North America, professional occupations are usually
governmentally licensed, meaning that in order to offer yoar serv
ices without being harassed (or
being closed down outright) by the
state, you must comply with the
directives of the licensing agencies.
These agencies are either
government departments or self-
governing societies acting as a
proxy for and responsible to the
local provincial or state legislature.
The agreement helps to undermine protectionist provisions
in licensing requirements by requiring national treatment for
Canadians working in the U.S.
The national treatment position means that the U.S. laws may
continue to be different from Canadian laws , but they must treat
Canadians in the U.S the same as
Americans and vice versa. "This is
just reciprocity," said Keen.
Harry Gray, of the Association of Professional Engineers of
B.C said "the agreement will facili
tate easier cross border movement
for professionals? and it is certain
that it will be implemented,
though Jim Keen fears the process
of dismantling such barriers to
work to be "slow and bureaucratic."
None of the professions fears
that American experts will swamp
the Canadian market, though.
Keen said that "We have a big
advantage (over the Americans)
because we have a smaller work
force trying to break into a much
larger market".
UBC economics professor
Brian Copeland said that while
the agreement would benefit the
professions as a whole, he cautioned that large American firms
would be able to offer their services to Canadians.
But, he added, "if our Canadian firms are any good, they
should be able to do quite well in
the U.S."
Fired editor still gets salary
By Ross McLaren
A fired student newspaper
editor continues to collect $800 per
month from UVIC's The Martlet's
budget even though he now works
for the student government.
Jamie Gripich and Lolita
Tubio were asked to resign February 11, by the Martlet newspaper
staff (following a democratic vote
of non-confidence ) after the staff
lost confidence in the editors'abilities.
While Tubio resigned,
Gripich threatened to sue UVic's
Alma Mater Society if the society
ratified the newspaper staffs decision.
Gripich was subsequently
rehired as an AMS resource person to help prepare UVic's summer conference for the Canadian
Federation of Students, but his
salary is still drawn from the
newspaper budget.
Michael   Geoghegen,   UVic's
student council vice-president finance, said the Martlet did not
have 'just cause' to fire Gripich so
the AMS had to continue to pay his
salary.
"The Martlet collective failed
to show 'just cause' - they (the
paper) had a lot of political and
personal reasons but all a labor
relations board would be interested in is if a person is doing their
job," said Geoghegan.
But Martlet writer Lyle Stewart said his paper had "more
than "just cause' for both editors'
dismissal?
"Jamie's abilitites as an editor
were circumspect at best. He
admits he is not a good news
writer, much less an editor," said
Stewart.
Geoghegan said, "Jamie (as a
Martlet editor) is an AMS employee. We gave him a new job
title, and a new job description.
Martlet money is AMS money. The
Martlet does not have its own fee
base."
Geoghegan, when asked what
the personal and political reasons
were, said, "I don't know what
caused the conflict but since no
'just cause' was established it
leaves only personal and political
reasons."
Geoghegan said the AMS did
not phone a lawyer to ask if 'just
cause' could be established because "the feeling on the Board of
Directors is that they didn't want
to go to the legal expense."
Sherryl Yeager, Martlet news
writer, said "it's a travesty to think
the AMS would hire someone from
another group on campus (who
was) found to be incompetent. It
not only shows a lack of respect for
Martlet staff, it shows a lack of
respect to the whole student populace."
Jamie Gripich was
unavailable for comment.
The firsf cheerleaders
March 4,1988
THE UBYSSEY/7 Taped music unwinds
By Katherine Monk
Dark Horse Theatre's latest
production, Taped Music
by Chucky French, brings
the American Dream alive, but
then sputters and dies.
Canadian playwright Jeff Siamon intended the play to be about "a working-
class guy reaching out for something
larger." But this age-old idea stumbles
into forced dialogue and repetition before
you can say "I could ha' been a contender".
THEATRE
Taped Music by Chucky French
by Jeff Siamon
ANZA Club, 3 West 8th
Director David Wilson brings as
much life as possible to the clicheed script
and stunted dialogue through an emphasis on movement and gesture. Wilson has
also integrated the pub atmosphere ofthe
ANZA club into the staging of the play.
Some scenes even take place in the
"I want to be more than just
another friggin dumski,"
audience. But this e#ffort to increase the
intimacy between the players and the
viewers fails because these scenes are
ones which deal with domestic abuse, or
arcade brawls. Society has taught us to
turn away from violence, so instead of
being lured into sympathy for the characters, I searched for my beer and looked at
the ceiling rafters.
Even the energy of such young
talents as Tim Battle
(Chucky), and Marcy
Goldberg (cousin Darlene) is not enough to resuscitate Siamon's
lifeless words. "I want to
be more than just another
friggin dumski? sounds too      ~"w
stupid to be taken seriously a-^
an attempt at finding a sense of
self.
Siamon, a UCLA and Bei ki li \
graduate, said later he didn't w. mt '<
shock anybody. "Looking bac_ V i* i h
maybe I shouldn't have used fn   in    I
didn't know "fuck" was such a   <kh1
word?
The plot line reads more
an extended Andy Griffith Sho s
than modern drama: Chuck}       /
cated by a visit from his younger cousin
Darlene, who is also madly in love with
Chucky, and never passes up on a
opportunity to take off her clothes
<*.Kn
>i<>ke,
■\( u  > i \i -
( inn -\.\    h
o-( -^ i'l hi«. t i aip-
n i ■      nd i lid
th   ii i mi ind
t ih)i -* ul his
wants to be a
famous disc jockey, but he's from the
wrong side ofthe tracks. He gets involved
with a girl from the right side ofthe
tracks, but all she cares about is money,
and pleasing Daddy. Chucky^ other girlfriend from the wrong side ofthe tracks is
pushy and possessive, and Chucky only
stays with her because her uncle is his
boss at the warehouse.
Chucky's love life is further compli-
life, he finds himself.
Ifyou can ignore the overtones of incest, a narrow view of women as either
materialistic bitches, or love-sick wimps,
or even find enough humanism to sympathise with a hyperactive wishy-washy
twenty-four year old who believes he can
change the world by playing taped music,
you might find this play entertaining
enough to sit through its two hour long
denouement.
In an interview after the production,
Siamon agreed that the play was not
original. "I don't think theatre should be
new. I don't try for new angles and old
angles. But I wanted to tell this story
with comedy and drama.
"I'm from the working-class, it's a
world of cliche - that's a given. I knew I
had to use cliche if I was going to write
it."
The plot line reads more like
an extended Andy Griffith
Show than modern drama
Tim Battle (standing) and Keith Provost
Siamon said he had no message in
mind when he wrote the play; he wanted
to entertain. "I'm not an intellectual
writer, and I'm not above putting a
banana peel on stage. I try and get people
to listen, and tell my story."
But an audience will only listen when
there's something to listen to. It doesn't
have to be deep, intellectual, or even new
- it just has to be sincere. Unfortunately,
Taped Music by Chucky French lacks be-
lievability, and thus the sincerity which
could have made it more than "just
another friggin' Canadian dumski
production?
Unbearable light not too bright
By Alan Goldman
The Unbearable Lightness of
Being is more a moving picture
than a movie. It has all the ingredients of a great movie but the end
result is neither provocative nor terribly
intresting.
FILM
The Unbearable Lightness of Being
Oakridge Centre
Set in Czechoslovakia during 1968,
the year of Dubceks reforms—"Socialism
with a human face"— the film opens a
window on the The Czech revolution,
revealing an era not unlike North
America's 1960's; wild music, free love
and freedom ofthe press are social
priorities. We witness incoming Soviet
tanks, which inevitably quell the revolution, turning Czechoslavakia into one of
the most repressed countries in Europe.
The movie, directed by Phillip
Kaufman, is loosely based around a novel
by Czech writer Milan Kundera. The male
lead is played by character actor extraordinaire Daniel Day-Lewis. You might
remember Lewis for his other recent roles
the east-end London homosexual tough in
Stephen Frears' My Beautiful Launderette and the irritating snob but able suitor
in "A Room With A View". Now, Lewis
plays the brilliant but carnal Tomas.
Tomas is a one dimensional character who
always sees the lighter side of life. He is
Tomas (Daniel Day-Lewis) and Tereza (Juliette
unable to commit to any one woman, until
Tereza (Juliette Binoche) waltzes into his
life. Eventually they marry, but this does
not stop the ever insatiable Tomas from
continuing his sexual escapades.
After the Soviets invade Czechoslovakia Tomas and Tereza move to Geneva,
were Tereza is unable to deal with
stifling Swiss culture. Tereza, in a fit of
madness, goes back to Prague leaving
Tomas a note: "I can't bear this lightness,
Binoche) in the Prague spring
this freedom. I'm going back to the
country ofthe weak". Tomas for all of his
philandering realizes that he cannot live
without her and, irrationally, also returns
to Czechoslovakia.
In the most engaging scene, Kaufman
matches black and white newsreel footage
ofthe Soviet invasion of Prague with
shots of Tomas and Tereza marching,
protesting and taking forbidden photographs. This technique has been used
before but never with such precision and
brilliance. Kaufman (who was also
responsible for The Right Stuff and The
Invasion of The Body Snatchers) integrates the shots ofthe protagonists with
the original newsreel footage so well that
we feel like they were part of the inital
squirmish.
But the movie The Unbearable Lightness Of Being fails to capture the essence
of Kundera's book. Kundera is not condemning lightness but exploring a
paradox—the balance between lightness
and heavyness. Kundera's books explore
this balance but Kaufman's movie for the
most part does not.
Go see The Unbearable Lightness of
Being for the performances. Daniel Day-
Lewis is excellent as Tomas, Juliette
Binoche (Tereza) has memorable beauty,
but the star ofthe show is Swedish
actress Lena Olin. She gives a captivating performance as Tomas's mistress
Sabina, a multi-faceted character who is
erotic but resists entanglement with
Tomas or any other man.
Kaufman's spectacular cinematography captures both the darkness of Prague
and the beauty of the Czechoslovakian
countryside.
In the end The Unbearable Lightness
Of Being is like sitting in car going south,
looking out the rear window at the cows
and tall green grass — sure, it's beautiful
but after a while it gets kind of boring.
Academics carve up texts
from page 9
communicates what the writer intended.
If you're writing to express feelings about
a certain reality, success is if people can
understand that feeling."
Meanwhile, in academia, literary
theorists are claiming that "the most
intriguing texts...are not those which can
be read but those which are
'writable'...which encourage the critic to
carve them up...produce his or her semi-
arbitrary play of meaning athwart the
work itself? according to Terry Eagleton,
in his book Literary Theory. And he
describes the more traditional academic
view of a poem as "equipped with definite
meaning which it is the critic's task to
decipher." The latter view establishes the
poem as a complex puzzle, with the
trained literary critic as a high priest or
priestess of poetry, while the uneducated
are incapable of grasping the true
meaning of a poem.
Quartermain questions Lester's
definition of good poetry, saying, "I have
no way of knowing what the author
intended."
Still, Quartermain, an academic
himself, agrees that "mainstream literary
poets are often smug about what a poet
is." He doubts that the literary establishment will ever be interested in the sort of
poetry coming out of the Carnegie Centre.
He compares their work to that of British
mining poet Joseph Skipsy, who is
ignored by academics because "You can't
write a long self-serving essay on him
because there's just not a lot there (in his
poe try)...but still, you read some of his
stuff and cry."
"Because (the need to communicate)
has such primacy, you don't care about
literary aesthetic issues, but you care
about punch, memorability. You want to
disturb people, stir them to action, open
up their eyes. You can't have people
sitting around, thinking about meaning
for half an hour? says Quartermain.
Ken Lester would agree. Quarter-
main here is voicing the issues which
Lester took into account when organizing
the event.
"We wanted people to listen, we
wanted the event to be entertaining, and
we wanted to get people's attenion. That's
why we had the round robins (a fast-
paced series of poets reading in quick
succession from their work)? says Lester.
The audience displayed no sign of
boredom or wandering attention during
the evening, and the room filled as the
evening progressed. Everyone there
clearly felt that the event was a success.
"North America's long overdue for
this sort of thing? says Tora, and Lester
is ambitious for the future. He'd like to
arrange readings around specific issues,
such as homelessness, the family, and the
importance of community. He also is
considering organizing a group of poets to
tour community centres.
"Word, Sound and Power got people
really inspired. Local people feel they can
go to other places, do more? says Lester,
"perhaps we could create a whole new
way for people to relate, rather than
people staying at home watching TV".
8/THE UBYSSEY
March 4,1988 Poetry reclaimed
Back in the hands of the
people
**i
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4.
By Laura Busheikin
JL
~m      ora reads a poem ridiculing "the
4      soft-sell intellectuals in tweed
^   jackets", his strong features tense
with concentration.
Shouts of "Yeah, Tora? and "Right
on? force him to raise his voice. When he
is finished reading, the audience applauds
loudly.
Tora was one of almost twenty poets
who read from their work, many for the
first time, at an event called Word, Sound
and Power, Friday Feb 19 at the Carnegie
Centre at Main and Hastings.
The evening uncovered a well-spring
of poetic energy which, in form, philosphy,
and attitude, radically contradicts the
academic notion of poetry.
It was not your average poetry
reading. The venue and the community—
Vancouver's rough, working-class downtown eastside—were the last places most
would expect to find poetry.
At four hours it was far longer than
most poetry readings, an exhausting,
gritty, intense poetry marathon
The audience did not sit politely and
listen passively with measured reflection.
They cheered and shouted during poems,
they applauded after each reader, they
called out encouragement and enthusiastic, uninhibited affirmation.
The subjects reflected not so much
the rarified concerns ofthe artist, but
rather the realities of those who Tora, in a
poem, describes as society's "black sheep/
aliens in a community of aliens": working,
drug-addiction, battered wives, VGH's
psychiatric unit, Reagan's foreign policy
in Central America, the blight of materialism, Stein Valley Logging, visions of
Utopia, anger, and inevitably, love.
Although some ofthe work was, by
any standards, quality art, much of it was
weak: prosey narratives overflowing with
honest intent but scant on poetic value.
And few of the better poems had the
complexity and depth to sustain long-term
interest, let alone the exhaustive analysis
favoured by academics.
Yet the event was undoubtably a success. To the academic and mainstream
publishing industry such a phenomena is
unthinkable. The notion that poetry
which is stylistically clumsy and intellec-
ually shallow can still be successsful is
simply outside their frame of reference.
Why pay any attention, why even give a
forum to, poetry which isn't particularly
good?
But the downtown-eastside poets
have a different conception of what poetry
is.
"Poetry is a method of communication? says Vancouver poet Ken Lester,
who helped organize the event. Lester
admits that "a lot of the poetry (in Word,
Sound and Power) is not so interesting,
and the method of reading not that
engaging? but insists that "we weren't
trying to prove or say that all our poetry
is especially great or aesthetically
remarkable? What they were trying to do
was give people a chance to "communicate
with the intensity that only poetic
language can convey".
When Lester talks about poetry, he
returns again and again to the word 'communication'.
"Ih hard times you get a
lot of poets appearing -
mainly writing a lot of
political poetry"
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Yet tk AkL m m*Qu$di4t
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And again and again Lester stresses
that poetry, as well as being a work of art,
"has a social and cultural function." At
Words, Sound and Power, it certainly did.
The event was a sort of rallying cry, a
collective, celebratory self assertion by the
creative people in the community.
"Our basic theory? says Lester, "is to
read our poems to a different kind of
people than normally go to poetry readings, and to show that there is tremendous energy and writing where people
didn't expect it."
"(Our poetry) shows the public and
the media what the issues are and the
intensity with which people feel them. It
shows that we have cultural interests,
aren't dumb, and have many different
kinds of knowlege..it shows the intensity
of life as it's lived by these~people? says
Lester.
Lester sees poetry as a positive force
in society, empowering and freeing those
who create it.
"In the inner city, people
have no way to express
themeselves, so people get
incredibly frustrated. Often that
frustration turns to violence—
between lovers, among families, or
to themselves—because people are
not able to express themselves. If they
had a means of public expression, of
sharing, we'd be a lot closer to social
peace? says Lester.
Helen Potrebenko, a more established
poet (she's published several books) who
read at Carnegie, sums it up neatly.
Poetry, she says, "gives meaning to otherwise chaotic experience...puts chaotic experience into a form people can understand?
But she is more is more skeptical
than Lester about poetry's power to have
social impact, "we (poets) can't even
change the world. We can't even make it
better? she says.
"I don't think poetry has any political
relevance? she says—surprising for
someone who has been described by one
critic as "a revolutionary disguised as a
mild-mannered dicta-typist".
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"My
writing is not political,
but the fact that I have the
nerve to write and find publishers is
political. My content is political because
it is not the view of the ruling class. You
could call my writing, and all the writing
heard at the Carnegie Centre, deviant
writing, because its content doesn't reflect
the ruling class? Potrebenko says.
UBC English Professor Peter Quartermain is less diffident that Potrebenko
in attributing a political function to
poetry. "To politicize has always been a
historical function of literature? he says.
He suggests that the creative energy
emanating from the Carnegie Centre is "a
sign of opression" in BC.
"One sign of hard times is that you get a
lot of poets appearing—mostly writing
political poetry. The more there is of it
the more it indicates that things are
rotten.  None of us (at UBC) know the
degree of desparation in this city. If that
could find a voice...there are more and
more voiceless people out there."
British Columbia, Quartermain says,
has "a long history of proletarian
writing...and not just poetry. In the
1930's when there was a lot of heavy
industrial unrest in Vancouver, there was
a lot of writing. I know of two unpublished novels that came out of that time?
One of those novels was accepted by a
London publisher but never published
because ofthe advent of World War II.
Quartermain doubts that it will be
published now, because of the proletarian
writers' "typical distrust of the literary
establi shment".
"Poets can't change the
world — they can't even
make it better."
It's hard
to get any interest
from them. Their magazines aren't being read by anyone except
themselves, and they accept that.   But
people will come out to see poetry, in the
hundreds. People want to hear poetry?
says Lester.
Lester says, "A while ago I went to a
reading by academic poets at Robson
Square Media Centre. There were four
TV stations but no people. There's something dreadfully wrong. They should take
this to heart and adress it".
He criticises the schools and universities for teaching poetry as if it were a
"dead...cultural artifact...They make it
irrelevant to people's lives."
"But the idea of dead poetry as
cultural artifact is a lie to justify laziness
and fear of bringing poetry into public,"
he says.
Lester says that the new poetry
coming out of universities is inaccessible
and irrelevant to most people. And Potrebenko says that the universities intimidate people into thinking that "they need
fourteen degrees to even dare to read a
poem?
Both of them want to see poetry "back
in the hands of regular people". Potrebenko praised the Carnegie reading
because the poetry read "came out of
people's experience, and spoke directly to
other people's experience."
She insists that good poetry must "be
a part of life, not just something to study.
(Poetry) must have objective
meaning...must mean something? And
Lester describes a good poem as "one that
see 'Academics' page 8
Such   distrust   is   certainly   evident
among the Carnegie poets.
"The working class writers don't get
the grants or the publishers or the
teaching positions? says Potrebenko, who
admits that it is somewhat of a miracle
that she found a publisher, "It's all
decided by middle class men, and they are
too busy making poems into objects."
"Poetry over the last thirty or so
years has systematically been taken out of
the hands of the public. It's a dead
language in the hands of academia. It's
no longer a way of popular communication? says Lester.
"1 just started reading in public one
and a half years ago and I find that the
established poetry scene is very insular.
cunrf jUirr 'fr*i&  Q^ mrteM'rf^m^OJ^J&t Itsfe-* <W* »<«<
prdfy ^oi ctaM hard -tod? in da vrixun   G&S$po*t
-fed*. If 4r*m *»€ d&MeMti ixfrerftrino -fo -XfiUMr* * *
Sheila Baxter
from
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bout what to wear." 4*y Dana QrtomJo
March 4,1988
THE UBYSSEY/9 Another
Vander slam
Abortion, like the death penalty, is
not your usual run-of-the-mill public issue.
Not to be taken lightly, it requires independent thinking and careful analysis from
a politician. Simple poll-taking, applying
prejudices and closing one's eyes to moral
implications and social consequences will
not do. It was therefore utterly disappointing to hear Premier Vander Zalm proclaim
his abortion stand as the only acceptable
one and discard opponents as heretics and
political opportunists.
Half truths and slogans abounded in
Vander Zalm's speech last week. One par-
ticulary tenacious myth holds that the decision of abortion is taken lightly by pro-
choice women. He would like to think of
them as immune to the anguishes of such a
far-reaching decision. Evidence points to the
contrary.
Vander Zalm, citizen, is entitled to his
own opinions, however extreme they may
be. But should Vander Zalm, premier, use
his position to air his dogmatic views,
neglecting factual and ethical "details"?
Should he be able to short-circuit the
democratic process to impose measures of
his choice? The fact that the policy is encountering reservations or outright opposition from the usually ideologically rigid
Socred caucus should provide an answer to
this query.
Vander Zalm's policy clearly contradicts the spirit ofthe recent supreme court
decision. The decision struck down existing
abortion laws because they overlooked pregnant women's rights. Justice Bertha Wilson
couldn't be clearer; "forcing a woman to conduct a pregnancy to term violates her right
to life, security and liberty (article 7 of the
Charter of Rights)". Yet Vander Zalm
doesn't put much weight on women's
"whims" and "wishes"...
How much should a lawmaker's decision be influenced by his (her) religious
beliefs? This is an interesting and quite
thorny question and, as Vander Zalm
states, one cannot check his religious coat
before entering the legislature. No doubt
the premier reflects the opinion of a sizeable
Eortion ofthe electorate. Nonetheless, we
ave reason to believe that the majority
would rather see a pragmatist conservative
than an ideologue on the loose. Better
balance between the rights of the pregnant
woman and those of the fetus was recommended by the highest court in the land and
this is what the people of BC should see.
THE UBYSSEY
March 4,1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays & Fridays
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of the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the
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"Something witty, and •eruatiT-s™*, breathed Cannae Bjorge softly, directing Chris Wiesin-
geraa_MB_whcwadthemaathesdw__hvrirM-nenee. WeIL,-mta£ "I want flowers, little bunny
rabbita, and Poo-bear... and only five obscenitiea," she continued. 'Aaah — what about doing
an exercise in dectMutructieof" suggested Laura Bud-akin waving a copy of Denida's
Postcards. Jeff Silverstein shuffled in and squeaked "IVe got my Judy Blame collectim hen
—we can deconstructthat* *FuckthatTacrea__iedBoaBMcLai^tisfaeti_ni_r^
in a fit of pique. Chria afarank into bis *•*■*""—H chair in fear and disappointment... only four
left, be thought morosely.
Greg Davis and Jeff Siamon walked into SUB 241k carrying aS 22,667 veraani of The
Protocols Of The Learned Elders Of Zkn. for inrlnrami in the masthead. Immediately theron
Chris Dodd cried "We cant print thatl CUPOTT would freak." "Finer cried Peter Francis
antibpatingRick_Lebe_tfe_i__tanuiiatMn. Bandy Shore looked gleeful aa he stalked Hick with
a well greased (10" diameter) ten pound salami. Katharine Mcnk looked on in appreciation and
uttered a coarse laugh of approval. Kycka Oka andAlan Goldman, senatngthat the scene was
in dire need of a musical score; settled on "It's having your baby 1/ Wbata wonderful way ta.."
'scour your kitchen flooif wailed Derek Craig, feeling a little giddy after consuming a tub of
gut Tthmightit.w««Bt__is.pftli*^*f_Bgrifini_i__^---y_-^Iy ^h^-^^i-H tothgflnnr in ■ dru-fikm
stupor. "Dont we need to nuke pfivvisknf<r maas mimtiora?amq
"We dont urinate, we Piasr raged Victor Chew Wong as he gyrated wildly on the filing cabinet
tothestra_naof_Mafbnte;__a___aghias_r___i_y___E_^ Steve Chan couldnt
help but look eonnised. Antoine St. Pierre, getting the hang ofthe scene, screeched "Kill all the
jelly babieal*. He looked around for approval, and got noda from Lindsey Elliot and David
Crawford who were captivated by the __ght of Bandy ch_u__ng Rick with the salami "Bill's bills
have ballaP alliterated a strange tomato wtndi hovered in the eentraof the news chamber before
imploding atits own inanity. *Chriotn.it,safuc____Tt-snalofr-omtheSoeredZone,>ga_rpedKdly
Duncan with genuine fear and randsum. She'd heard vile stories about strange and horrible
poLiciesandrationahtiesint__Btd_mi___B-n. "I dcai* want no part of thatl" _pat Cathy Lu with
a shudder. And Riek screamed.
city desk-
Corinm Bjonja
features:
Ros* McLaren
onteftaiMMfit?
Laura Busheikin
•ports
Victor Chow Wong
prodncM—:
R.D. Shore
w ?_»»*„. s«pea» OF?
Letters
Suzuki tactics
applauded
I write this letter in
response to complaints expressed by Mr. Barker and
Mr. Thorpe concerning Dr.
Suzuki's "overbearing" and
"disparaging" manner during last week's Sacred Trust
presentation.
Admittedly, Dr.
Suzuki's approach was aggressive. The mood created
in the auditorium by Dr.
Suzuki hardly lent itself to
the progression of a
"mature.rational... discussion
of differing points of view."
Furthermore, I fully agree
that at most times a
clearminded tete-a-tete
yields more positive results
than does a brandishing of
verbal weaponry.
However, in light ofthe
isssue at hand, I feel that a
less passive tack needs to be
taken by those truly concerned about the future of
our environment. Environmental groups have tried
using rational discussion
for the past several decades,
and have met with only very
limited success. Dr.
Suzuki's actions last Thursday, though perhaps outside the bounds of conventional   academic   conduct,
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, or racist will not be published. Please be concise. Letters may be
edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes. Please bring
them, with Identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.	
clearly demonstrate this
great scientist's interpretation of the urgency of the
issue. Dr. Suzuki's aggressive approach was clearly
an act of devotion, concern,
and despair. I liken his approach to that of a cornered
rat which can back up no
further, and has been forced
to take on a new plan of action.
Forest companies have
been deaf to the rational
pleas put forth by concerned
citizens and groups in the
past, so how is one to believe
they will listen now? The
chainsaws are buzzing too
loudly for sober-minded
voices to be heard. It is time
to shout a bit.
Kevin McKechnie
Geography 3
Women aren't
property
I agree with Dale Enns
(March 1) that abortion is a
symptom of a diseased society, but I disagree about the
nature of that disease. Yes,
there is a moral issue at
stake: namely, men's continued perception of
women's bodies as property.
Gwyn Cathyl
Graduate Studies
UEL merry-go-round spins
happily in the Socred Zone
A month ago I was
made aware of a letter from
the president of UBC to the
premier asking for the exclusion of 400 acres of land
from the endowment lands
before a final decision was
mead regarding disposition of those lands.
I wrote an open letter
to the premier at the time
and pointed out that the
strong will ofthe vast majority of the oemmunity
was to have the land declared a regional park. Any
development of housing
would then be debated in
the context of lands not
considered suitable for
park purposes.
This is a direct contradiction to what the university was requesting,
namely: that residential
purposes be considered
first before park acreage
and shape was established.
Within days I received a
letter from the premier
stating that my letter, and
I would suppose then the
letter from president
Strangway, would be an
swered by the minister of
advanced education and
job training.
To this point I have not
received a response from
Mr. Hagen about the dis-
postition of land, but I am
assuming that because Mr.
Hagen has been designated
the respondent this issue
has been demoted from the
premier's office and turned
into a post-secondary matter. The only way the land
interacts with the university is as a possible source
of funds.
I will, of course, continue my fight to have the
UEL declared a park as
well as to establish a proper
level of government funding so that universities
don't have to resort to land
development to pay for
their operation.
I write this letter to
keep you informed and to
let you know that the
merry-go-round on the
UEL is still spinning.
Darlene Marzari,M.L.A.
Vancouver-Point Grey
Steven Ward accuses
The Ubyssey (Feb. 26) of
"the promotion of homosexuality" by failing "to recognize the obvious distinction between advocating
civil liberties for homosexuals and advocating a homosexual lifestyle.
Is advocating the civil
liberties of homosexuals
anything other than advocating the right of those,
who so choose, to live a
homosexual lifestyle - free
of discrimination and prejudice?
There is an "obvious"
distinction between advocating an individual's right
to live as he or she chooses
and advising others to
choose to live the same way.
It is the import of such a
distinction that Ward exploits in confusing (1) "you
have the right to live, ifyou
so choose, as a homosexual"
with (2) "You should choose
to live as a homosexual?
The Ubyssey has never expressed (2).
Though Ward doubts
the objectivity of The Ubyssey,   his   own   reading  is
Education leads horse to
water; consumption optional
hardly dispassionate. When
The Ubyssey printed a satire on common but false
notions of the nature of
homosexuality (Feb. 12)
which rhetorically implies
that "heterosexuality is an
aberrant behavior", Ward
perceived a "frankly disgusting" affront to heterosexuality. But no one doubts
that heterosexuality is "not"
an aberrant behavior! Why
doesn't Ward at least acknowledge - no one demands
he agree with - the intended
moral that, similarly, homosexuality is not an aberrant
behavior?
Finally, how did any
paper ever cram anything
down anyone's throat - as
Ward, again dispassionately, puts it? Ward can
choose how to live his own
life, I'm sure. We should all
be so willing as he to read
and learn how that right is
denied to others.
Doug Gerspacher
Unclassified 5
In response to Steven
Ward's letter of Feb. 26, I
can only say it never ceases
to amaze one just how myopic and dense even educated people can be.
Ward states that The
Ubyssey devotes an entire
issue to the "promotion of
homosexuality^ but does not
explain what he means by
that. If he thinks that The
Ubyssey (or GLUBC) is
trying to convince "happy
heterosexuals" to doff respectability and turn to a
"homosexual lifestyle"
(whatever that may be), he
is flatly wrong.
The purpose of Gay and
Lesbian Awareness week
and the special issue of The
Ubyssey is to educate the
campus about Gay and Lesbian issues. I am therefore
glad that he was disgusted
(insulted?) by the graphic/
article entitled "What is
heterosexuality..." Glad
because he now has a small
inkling of what it is like to
his sexuality degraded and
inocked — something gay
and lesbian people experience virtually every day.
The purpose of that article
was to ridicule that inane
question about the causes of
homosexuality and the ridiculous and unfounded
theories which attempt to
answer the question. The
plain facts are that the
causes of neither heterosexuality or homosexuality
are known. We are simply
gay; no excuse supplied.
As to advertising a
"homosexual lifestyle" —
there is no such thing. We
live every kind of lifestyle.
No one has to "promote
homosexuality" or "recruit
the young." With our help,
the trauma of entering
adulthood as an outcast
might be made easier.
We want to be fairly and
accurately represented in
the public realm; not as perverts or tragic victims, but
as human beings.
Philip Meeks
Gays & Lesbians UBC
10/THE UBYSSEY
March 4,1988 Vander slam on abortion...
Misconceptions garner moans of distress
On Monday premier Vander
Zalm effectively hung himself
with an emotional speech on the
horrors of abortion, reprinted in
its entirety in Tuesday's issue of
The Vancouver Sun. This time he
was so offensive he alienated
much of his caucus. He apparently garnered his arguments
from the anti-abortion movie The
Silent Scream; they certainly
weren't factually derived, and
often actually contradicted scientific knowledge of fetal development.^
Much of Vander Zalm's appeal to our emotions was based on
the pain and suffering experienced by fetuses during an abor-
! tion,  which  they must endure
j "without as much as a baby aspi-
! fin." This  contention   was   not
i backed up by expert testimony,
probably because  no  doctor or
I human biologist would say such a
thing, fetuses beinginequippedto
feel pain before at least 20 weeks.
In Canada abortions are not per-
| formed beyond  20  weeks,   but
where they are the woman, and
consequently the fetus, is anes-
thetised for the operation.
Vander Zalm illustrated his
pain argument by relating an account of an abortion in which the
fetus allegedly came out crying.
This is impossible. The undeveloped lungs of a fetus of less than
20 weeks are incapable of drawing the breath to cry.
The pain argument, besides
relying on untrue 'facts,' demonstrates that the premier has no
conceptual understanding ofthe
difference between a fetus of
seven weeks and one of seven
months.
Trying again to convince us
1 by disgusting us, Vander Zalm
■ went on to assert that "abortions
at an advanced stage require the
dismemberment of the baby." In
the real world, abortions at an advanced stage are performed by
inducing labor, and the fetuses
arrive intact, usually dead as a
result ofthe chemistry of inducing
labor.
This level of ignorance and
gullibility is frightening in a premier.
And somewhere, Vander
Zalm picked up the idea that fetus
is the Latin word for baby. According to my Latin-English dictionary
fetus is an adjective meaning pregnant or breeding. The word's etymological background is irrelevant to this issue; nevertheless,
Freestyle
hoping it would trigger a wave of
anti-abortion emotion, Vander
Zalm provided his erroneous
translation not once but twice and
elsewhere simply substituted the
word baby.
Attempting logical argument,
Vander Zalm did make some political statements which fly in the
face of reality just as much as his
graphic imagery.
For example: abortion clinics
will be profit hungry and will perform late-term abortions at a high
cost, he sai d. To say that late abortions will increase without government controls is an insult to the
many BC women who have been
forced by bureaucratic delays to
have abortions past twelve weeks.
By providing access to abortions
without inordinate waits, clinics
would almost certainly perform
fewer late-term abortions than
were necessary under the old system.
And the danger of overpriced
abortions could be avoided if the
operation were covered by medi-
i
care. ;
Bill Vander Zalm  "thanks
God" that BC's government "considers the long-term effecc on so- j
ciety" before developing  policy, j
This contradiction is so blatant it I
is almost funny. The goveriment
hasn't considered the lorg-term
monetary and human costs of j
providing life-long care to handi- j
capped babies. They haven't considered the impact of thousands
of unwanted babies on families
who can't afford to feed the m and
on the faltering foster-program, j
They haven't considred vie impact on our already underfunded
education and health projrrams.
They haven't had the com passion ;
to consider the quality of 1 re of an i
unwanted child.
Vander Zalm even employed
the familiar Socred tactic of
trying to discredit the NDP by
saying the party belongs to the
USSR.
The only argument vander
Zalm has left is his belief in the
sanctity of life, and the only reason I can't refute itis because it is
a purely subjective belief. But I
can and do disagree with the
premier's point of view, and when
the rhetoric is cleared away all
that's left of this issue is points of
view. I have the right to hold a
different belief, and the government is way out ofline in trying to
deny me that right.
Disgusted? You could write j
to the premier to voice yrur dis- I
gust, but it likely wouldn't help :
since he considers public opinion
on this issue irrelevant. ''Would
(my opponents want to) cut off
welfare if a poll showed most j
people were opposed to welfare?"
he asked. The parallel  doesn't
hold and proves that Bill Vander
Zalm doesn't recognise any dif- I
ference between personal moral- ■
ity and political policy.
Jennifer Lyall is a Ubyssey staffer]
who has had some bad exveriences",
in... the Socred Zone. Eeee.eehh.
Suzuki's analysis of forestry
problems lacking professional
perspective, writes forestry prof.
Congratulations are due to
the UBC Environmental Interest
Group for their brilliant music-
slide presentation in the SUB last
Thursday. The views of forest
vistas were magnificent, they put
me in mind ofthe forest of Alpine
Europe which have been under
management for the past several
hundred years.
It may be a surprise to David
Suzuki that as a forester I was in
agreement with much of what he
said. I particularly appreciated
the careful distinction he drew between forestry and forest industry. It was a pity that this distinction became blurred in the unfortunate acrimonious altercation
that marred the latter part ofthe
question period and that he felt it
necessary to make a gibe at foresters which, I am afraid, only served
to expose his lack of understanding of what forestry is about.
It is perhaps natural that
Suzuki, who was once himself a
practicing scientist, should fall
into the error of considering Forestry a science, for many academic
foresters project this image. It is
perfectly valid for him to assess
the impact of logging operations,
and indeed all forestry activities,
in scientific terms, provide of
course that the science is well
founded, but Forestry itself is not a
science. It is a field of human
endeavour - of husbandry, as is
agriculture - dependant to considerable extent on the sciences that
underlie it, but not in its entirety.
The primary problems that confront Canadian forestry are not
biological in nature, they are sociopolitical and managerial.
As a forester I can rationalize
and explain how Canada comes to
be the Eddy Edwards of the
silvicultural world but Suzuki will
find no significant disagreement
from me with his criticisms ofthe
present level of Canadian forestry
practice. This results largely from
the extensive nature of the forest
resource in what, in natural resource terms at least, has been a
pioneer society.
But the forester should not be
blamed for this state of affairs.
Contrary to general belief the foe-
ster does not develop forest policy.
It is his role to implement the objectives of the owner. In Canada
the owner is the public. It is the
public, through the political process, that determines how and for
what purposes the crown forests
are managed and funded.
Until recent years it is not to
much to say that the sole interest
of the public, as manifested
through its elected governments,
has been in the derivingof revenue
in as large amounts as possible.
The forester is made the scapegoat, but in the final analysis it is
the public, not the forestry profession, not the forest service and not
the forest industry that i s to blame
for the state of silvicultural management in Canada.
Nothing shows this better
than a comparison ofthe staffing
the forest services of B.C. and the
U.S., both of which are responsible
for the adminsitration of forest
eatates of similar extent. The
USFS has a staff of 25,000, with a
cadre of 2,500 professional foresters - roughly one professional forester to 30,000 acres. The BCFS,
OMBUDSOFFICE
yVrapped Up In Red Tape?.
has a total staff of 2,500, of whom
250 are professional foresters, or
had prior to the 26 per cent reduction in staff that has resul ted from
government retrenchmert three
years ago. Our forester/forest land
ratio is about one to 300,000 acres.
The world ratio of foresters to forest land happens to be in ;he same
as the American, but in Europe,
where management of natural
forest is most advanced, the ratio
ranges from one forester to 20,000
acres to one to 6,000 and in some
countries even 2,000 acre;
If the public only provides an
extensive level of staffing' then it
can only expect an extensive level
of management. We can see the
same process at work in this university, in a province in which the
forest is our economic a~d social
habitat, Forestry is the smallest
faculty. Nothing woulc. please
foresters more than to be able to
manage the forests mo:'; intensively. To paraphrase an jminent
politician "give us tool s an i we will
do the job."
Where I depart from Eiuzuki is
in his view that the forest
ecosystem must remain inviolate.
Though I would fault his adopting
the guise of a scientist for credibility, when in the discussion of resource issues and even environmental science he is stepping outside his discipline and in fact is a
layman, I can hardly blame him
for his misconceptions, for his view
is Canada-centric and his judgements are founded on his i nterpre-
tationsofwhathehasseen. But he
is quite incorrect when he says
that forest ecosystems cannot be
managed because we la:k sufficient knowledge, and they must
therefore remain in a wilderness
state. He drew a paralle'. with our
lack of complete understr nding of
... continued on page 5.
y&m,
We'll Cut It!
^""Buried In Bureaucracy?
Well Dig You Out!
Talk to your ombuddies
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Hillel House is behind Brock Hall
For more information: 224-4748
«
Partnership
in Excellence"
Saint Mary's MBA and You
Saint Mary's University offers a Master of
Business Administration program that can be
completed on a full-time or part-time basis.
Applications, particularly from those holding
executive positions, are now being accepted for
part-time studies beginning in May or September
1988 and for full-time studies starting in
September 1988.
A wide range of courses is offered to give both a
broad managerial perspective and the ability to
concentrate in a more specialized area.
Application material may be obtained by
contacting :
Director of Admissions
Saint   Mary's  University
Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  B3H  3C3
(902)420-5414
Informal Enquiries to:
J.R. (Jack) Gale, Director, MBA Program
(902) 420-5780
Dr. Suzuki has been offered an equal amount of
space to articulate his views; on the s abject, -ed.
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Universities commit to
employment equity
By Mike Gordon
Canadian University Press
VANCOUVER — New federal labour laws have forced two
B.C. universities to adopt policies ensuring women, aboriginal
people, disabled, and visible
majorities are fairly represented
in the campus work force, in order for the universities to remain
eligible for federal contracts.
The Federal Contractors
Program for employment equity
requires all organizations bidding on federal contracts over
$200,000 to sign a 'certificate of
committment' to adopt affirmative action hiring policies.
The University of British Columbia signed a certificate January 11, and has set up a presi den-
tial ad-hoc committee to define
the program.
The university will also hire
an employment equity officer to
regulate the program, said Albert McCLean, UBC vice-principal academic and committee
member.
"I don't think we've been acting unfairly in employment, but
it gives the federal government a
chance to double check? said
McClean.
Both UBC and Simon Fraser
University, which signed its certificate of committment last year,
will begin compiling data on the
percentages of people within
each designated group already
working on campus.
Current census figures provide information on the number
of women, but identifying people
who are disabled, of aborignial
origin, pr who are of a visible majority, violates B.C.'s Human
Rights Code.
Both universities have been
granted exemptions by the B.C.
Human Rights Commission to
carry out their surveys.
"We don't know the make-up
of the four designated groups (in
the university workforce) yet?
said Kathy Hammes, employment
equity officer for SFU. "We plan
this month to administer self-
identification questions to all full-
time faculty and support staff,
asking them if they are women, of
aboriginal origin, disabled, or of a
visible minority?
The next step for the two universities will be studying B.C.'s
demographics to set reasonable
goals for the number of women,
native, disabled and visible majorities that could be working on
campus.
The new federal program is the first step
any of B.C.'s three
universities have
taken towards adopting an equal opportunity policy.
Verna Kirkness, of UBC's
First Nations' House of Learning,
says there was one native person
on faculty when she began her
work trying to improve student
and faculty representation in
1981. "Now there are 13, not all
full-time or permanent, and
mostly in education and law?
where there are native programs,
she said.
"There should be an all-out
effort from other programs, faculties, and schools to hire native
people as well, not just native
programs?
There are 130,000 first nations people in B.C., or 4.5 per cent
ofthe population, said Kirkness. A
native person "might have equal
qualifications with someone else
and not get hired."
Jean Elder, chair of an ad-hoc
alliance of UBC women's groups,
said about 220 of the university's
1500 faculty are women. "If we can
use this legislation to help, then
we will certainly do so?
Elder said women cross over
all four ofthe federally designated
groups.
"The hiring depends on the
pool of applicants, which are overwhelmingly male," she said, adding the problem goes back to the
high school level where women are
not often encouraged to take non—
traditional roles.
Hammes said women account
for roughly 15 per cent of full-time
SFU faculty. She also said the
ratio of women to men in low-level
support staff jobs is quite high.
"Those positions are frequently
referred to as the "job ghetto."
Robin Loxton, of the B.C.
Coalition for the Disabled says
universities "are one of the areas
where people with disabilities
have the most success."
Loxton said "the federal government as a whole does not have
a good record? hiring disabled
people. He quoted a 1987 study
which reported disabled people
only accounted for two per cent of
government jobs, while the private sector employed 6 per cent.
Loxton said the recognized
figure of 55 per cent unemployment for disabled people is probably closer to 80 per cent, as statistics don't count people who have
given up looking for work, or are
considered unemployable.
He also said disabled people
tend to become a minority among
the other groups discriminated
against within the workforce. He
said he would like to see affirmative action programs directed at
disabled people, with more flexible, non-traditional job descriptions.
The universities are also required to examine all hiring—related policies and practices, for
mal and informal, that may
inhibit fair employment of
people in the four groups.
"The hiring depends
on the pool of applicants, which are
overwhelmingly
male,"
Bill Rapanos, regional chief
employment equity officer for
the federal government, said
federal representatives can
make random checks to see if an
institution is implementing
their program efficiently.
"If there is a compliance review of their institution, and
they have consistently shown
they've done nothing, then
they're struck off the list? of
organizations eligible for federal
contracts of over $200,000.
Rapanos also said the universities can get an exemption
from the B.C. Human Rights
Commission for hiring practices
otherwise considered Veverse-
discrimination', such as hiring
only women for certain positions.
The new federal program is
the first step any of B.C.'s three
universities have taken towards
adopting an equal opportunity
policy.
Rapanos said Ontario has
"equal pay for work of equal
value"legislation, and Manitoba
and Quebec have their own employment equity programs.
"Whether or not we have
signed a certificate doesn't put
us far ahead or behind of the
other universities? said Peter
van der Leeden, personnel director for the University of Victoria.
"We're all moving in the same
direction."
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12/THE UBYSSEY
March 4,1988

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